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Latest Biofuels Whitepapers

Biofuels for aviation: IRENA Technology brief

Developing and promoting biofuels for aviation will be essential to reduce carbon emissions from commercial aviation. As a first step, some pioneering airports have already incorporated biofuel into their refuelling systems. Yet wider biofuel adoption is constrained by high costs compared to fossil-based… read more →


N2O Release from Agro-Biofuel Production Negates Global Warming Reduction by replacing Fossil Fuels

The relationship, on a global basis, between the amount of N fixed by chemical, biological or atmospheric processes entering the terrestrial biosphere, and the total emission of nitrous oxide (N2O), has been re-examined, using known global atmospheric removal rates and concentration growth of N2O as… read more →


Environment-Enhancing Algal Biofuel Production Using Wastewaters

The potential of algae-based biofuels to replace petroleum fuels and mitigate greenhouse gas production through microalgal photosynthesis has long been recognized. However, currently there are no commercial algae-to-fuels technologies that can overcome techno-economic barriers and address serious sustainability… read more →


Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt

Increasing energy use, climate change, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuels make switching to low-carbon fuels a high priority. Biofuels are a potential low-carbon energy source, but whether biofuels offer carbon savings depends on how they are produced. Converting rainforests, peatlands,… read more →


Life Cycle Environmental Impacts of Wastewater-Based Algal Biofuels

Recent research has proposed integrating wastewater treatment with algae cultivation as a way of producing algal biofuels at a commercial scale more sustainably. This study evaluates the environmental performance of wastewater-based algal biofuels with a well-to-wheel life cycle assessment (LCA). Production… read more →


Fundamental Combustion Characteristics of Jatropha Oil as Alternative Fuel for Gas Turbines

The white paperinvestigate the combustion characteristics of Jatropha pure oil (JPO) and Jatropha methyl ester (JME) as an alternative fuels for gas turbines, combustion experiments were conducted at atmospheric pressure employing an air-assist pressure swirl atomizer. As well as the NOx and CO concentrations… read more →


Burning desires: untangling and interpreting ‘pro-poor’ biofuel policy processes in India and South Africa

The bio-economy is characterized by aspirations of replacing the fossil-based economy with bio based energy, resources and processes; bio fuels are particularly popular. This new shift comes with multiple risks and uncertainties in both industrialized and developing economies. The uptake of bio fuels… read more →


Integrated processing of algal biomass: pathway towards biorefinery production of fuels and chemicals

Two model processes for algal biorefineries involve either lipid extraction of algal biomass followed by anaerobic digestion or hydrothermal liquefaction of the whole algal biomass into fuel intermediates. Neither of these processes optimally valorizes all algal components. Screening experiments were… read more →


Next Generation Ethanol: What's in it for India?

This report by Bloomberg New Energy Finance explores the potential for developing nextgeneration ethanol capacity in India over the next decade and potential barriers to the industry's development. India aims to blend 20% biofuels into its transport fuel mix by 2017 but currently has no specific policy… read more →