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Top Bio-CNG Production Companies – India



evnext-logo-v-smallThis post is a part of BioBiz’s Bio-CNG Perspectives.

BioBiza division of EAI, is a leading market intelligence & strategic consulting firm for the Indian bio-based sectors.


 

The RNG sector in India is still nascent and emerging. With the government of India launching the SATAT initiative for setting up 5000 RNG plants by 2025 and guaranteed offtake of RNG, the sector is expected to have many large stakeholders in the near future. As of 2018, there are 17 RNG plants operational across various states of India. Some of these companies are also technology providers while most of the others are collocated plants. The following table provides details on the type of feedstock, technology and end use market segments for these companies. Data have been provided through a mix of primary and secondary research.

Company About Feedstock Technology Product Plant location Year of plant operation Notes Source

RNG plants operational as of 2018

Green Elephant Biogas production company and technology provider 600m3/day spent wash CSTR – (Continuous stirred tank reactor technology) 7920 kg RNG / day Supplied to industries Satara, Maharashtra 2008 Current operational capacity not clear https://bit.ly/2RCcY9K
Spectrum Renewable Energy Limited Biogas production 100 TPD press mud CSTR type reactor 8000 kg RNG/day Supplied to industries Kolhapur, Maharashtra 2012 The company is also looking to supply RNG to IOCL https://bit.ly/357538l
Carbon Masters Carbon management company producing RNG and also a technology provider 40 tons/day of wet waste including food waste, cow dung and poultry litter. Carbonlites-In-A-Box technology – biogas plant housed in refurbished shipping containers 1600 kg RNG/ day Supplied to restaurants Malur, Karnataka 2017 They have their own RNG logistics for collection from restaurants, apartments and IT parks. Also procure from waste management companies https://bit.ly/2ParsvX
Primove Engineering RNG production from agro waste and technology provider 100 kg / day of rice straw and Bajra procured from farms and fields through compacted trucks Patented process using innovative bacteria without extensive pre-treatment of feedstock 12 m3 / day of biogas 5 kg RNG / day

 

 

Pune 2008 They have their own dispensing station https://bit.ly/2LG9OOf
Mahindra World City Part of Mahindra Group active in diverse markets including automotive, farm equipment, defence, hospitality, manufacturing, aerospace, retail, finance, real estate, and infrastructure. 8 tons of food and kitchen waste per day generated at Mahindra World City MRV,  MWCDL, KVIC and IIT Delhi technology 1000 m3 of raw biogas 400 kg/day RNG

 

Used for tractors, shuttle buses and street lights inside MWC

Chennai 2016 https://bit.ly/2E3nrmz
Bharat Biogas Energy Ltd. RNG production and organic products production for agronomic applications 153 TPD urban and 38 TPD industrial waste No data 6538 kg/day RNG Supplying to Amul Gujarat 2014 https://bit.ly/2PuhaFH
Radix Lifespaces Generates energy from organic waste and also a technology provider 40 TPD (chicken litter, waste from food manufacturing companies, food waste) Proprietary technology including purification and upgradation 2000 kg/day RNG Supplying to commercial and industrial segments Bangalore 2016 They tag the price of RNG to LPG and sell it at a reduced cost.
RNG plants whose operations unclear
Sampurn Agri Ventures Pvt. Ltd. First biogas production company to produce from paddy straw 25 tons/day of Paddy straw and other agricultural wastes IIT Delhi Technology 3000 m3/day of biogas Punjab 2017 Actual existence and operation of plant is not clear
Defunct RNG plants
IOT Infrastructure and Energy Services Ltd & Mabagas EPC services, upstream services Chicken litter, starch and sugar industry wastes, agro waste Single step wet fermentation plant comprising 4 fermenters 16,000 cu.m volume 8 million cu.m biogas / annum Namakkal 2013 Mabagas has been shut down and the plant has been acquired by IOCL who is setting up a pilot scale RNG plant from agro waste https://bit.ly/38hlaC2
Noble Exchange Pune based firm operating in the renewable energy business and waste management solutions 300 TPD plant at Pune using food waste Operational capacity – 100 TPD Proprietary one-box biogas technology 12000 m3 of RNG per day Fuel was to be used for PMPML buses Pune 2015 The plant was closed in 2016 due to political issues https://bit.ly/36kgMQT

Other operational RNG plants

Company Location Feedstock RNG capacity (kg/day) Website
Greenearth Biogas Pvt Ltd. Gujarat 163 TPD urban waste 6000 https://bit.ly/2P9yGQS
Sarovar Agro Farms & Biogas Pvt. Ltd Haryana Poultry litter 600
Panchkula Farms Pvt. Ltd Chandigarh Poultry litter 1450
Shri Dayoday Urja Evam Jaivik Khaad MP Cattle dung 1200
Clarus Bioenergy Pvt. Ltd Maharashtra Cattle dung 3613
Arc Biofuel Pvt. Ltd Punjab Cattle dung 1847 https://bit.ly/2RG9H9h
Brajdham Power Pvt. Ltd Rajasthan STP 3000 https://bit.ly/2PtnQnH
NRB Bio-Energy Rajasthan Cattle dung 1000 https://bit.ly/35btsta
Samagra Agro UP Urban waste 2000
Century Pulp & Paper Uttarakhand Paper mill effluent 5460 https://bit.ly/2YyTVOU

Based on the above data, the following are the analysis of RNG production companies by parameters across the value chain.

  • Feedstock: Co-digestion plants comprising a mix of food waste, industrial waste (press mud, chicken litter, etc.) as feedstock are ideal for reliable renewable natural gas production.
  • Relying on food waste alone is not ideal, especially for large scale plants owing to political issues
  • While agro waste, in particular paddy straw seems to be a potential feedstock for renewable natural gas production, the technology is still nascent and no large scale plants exist as of end 2019.
  • Technology: Commonly used technology is CSTR reactor; however, proprietary technology based on containerized models also exist for medium scale plants of 50 TPD capacity
  • Ideal plant capacity for a commercial scale plant could be in the range of 50-100 TPD or 2000-5000 kg of renewable natural gas per day
  • End use markets: Commercial and industrial segments are suitable end user markets owing to increased RNG adoption rate and higher selling price. While potential demand exists from the OMCs for RNG, offtake has started only recently in Dec 2019, and the offtake price has not been so attractive to the project developers (Rs. 46 / kg) compared to other end use segments (Rs. 55-60 / kg). Hence, this segment could be focused when there is a  sufficient production of RNG and long term realizable business partnerships with OMCs have been ensured
  • Differentiation models: Adopting differentiated business models across the value chain could help the companies hold a unique position in the market. This would include models like tagging the price of RNG with LPG, partnerships with bulk waste generators for feedstock who, in turn, could be potential customers for RNG and more.
  • Related background: It is essential for an entrepreneur to build a proper team, especially at higher positions with people having technical and market expertise in the field of biogas and related energy sectors. The team could also comprise experts or partners who have experience in working with related international companies as this could assist in brand building, technology innovations and marketing
  • R&D: Innovations across the value chain, especially technology is essential for the project developer to hold a unique position in the market
  • Business partnerships: Partnerships with Indian and International stakeholders, especially prominent companies across the value chain could be value adding for the growth of the business
  • Marketing: Brand building and effective marketing strategies to increase the demand for the product is essential for the project developer to actively compete with existing and emerging companies
  • Geography: Most of the existing renewable natural gas plants are located in the eastern part of India, especially Gujarat and Maharashtra. This could be owing to the abundant availability of feedstock, especially agro and industrial waste and also the growing awareness.

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Categories: Bio-CNG /renewable natural gas, Companies

Author - Narasimhan Santhanam


Thank you for reading this post – hope it was helpful. You can connect with me at narsi@eai.in. My detailed profile here and my LinkedIn profile here

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