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Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organization (PESO) has provided guidelines on the transport of bio-CNG cylinders in 2016. The following are the guidelines:
1. Transport of cylinders by vehicles:
- Cylinders filled with any compressed gas shall not be transported by a bicycle or any other two wheeled mechanically propelled vehicle.
- Cylinders shall be so transported as not to project in the horizontal plane beyond the sides or ends of the vehicle by which they are transported.
- There shall be no sharp projections on the inside of the vehicle.
- Cylinders shall be adequately secured to prevent their falling off the vehicle and being subjected to rough handling, excessive shocks or local stresses.
- Cylinders transported in vehicles shall be blocked or braced and be so secured to prevent movement, striking each other or falling down.
- Cylinders filled with any compressed gas shall not be transported along with any other article of a highly flammable or corrosive nature.
2. Restriction on transport:
- Cylinders/ Cascades containing flammable gases shall not be transported along with the cylinders containing any other type of compressed gas.
- Cylinders containing toxic or corrosive gas shall not be transported along with food- stuffs. Thin wall cylinders shall not be transported in horizontal position. Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (a) above, DA cylinder not exceeding twenty five in numbers may be transported along with nontoxic non-flammable gases taking due precautions.
3. Loading and unloading for transport:
- No lifting magnet shall be used in loading or unloading of cylinders filled with any compressed gas.
- Where any such operation is carried on by means of a crane or a fork-lift truck, a proper cradle with chains or wire rope slings shall be used.
4. Protection of valves during transport:
- Every cylinder containing compressed gas shall, when transported, have its valve protected against damage in the manner provided in sub-rules (b) and (c) unless it is securely packed in a box or crate.
- Where the design of the cylinder does not provide for the valve lying wholly below the level of the body of the cylinder, a stout metal cap, metal cover or a protective metal ring or grill of a design approved by the Chief Controller shall be provided, the design being such that the cap or cover or ring or grill is nowhere in close proximity to any part of the valve or valve body.
- Where metal caps or metal covers are provided, to protect valves fitted to cylinder other than those containing highly toxic gases like Hydrogen Cyanide, Phosgene, Cyanogen, Cyanogen Chloride, it shall be provided with a vent of such size so as to prevent any gas pressure inside the cap or covers.
- Cylinders containing highly toxic gases like Hydrogen Cyanide, Phosgene, Cyanogen, Cyanogen Chloride gases, shall have their valves protected with gas-tight metal caps or covers.
- Nothing in sub-rules (1), (2) and (3) shall apply to cylinders containing oxygen or nitrous oxide for medical purpose having water capacity not exceeding 5 litres.
5. Leaky cylinders:
- No person shall tender or transport any leaky cylinder.
- Any cylinder containing a flammable or toxic gas, which develops a leak during transport, shall promptly be removed to an isolated open place away from any source of ignition and the person responsible for transportation shall immediately contact the filler or the consignor as the case may be, for necessary advice.
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Categories: Bio-CNG cylinders, PESO rules for transport
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