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Electric vehicles market potential in India, infrastructure for ev in India, tax sops for electric vehicles, electric cars india, charging evs, electric cars batteries india, electric bikes india, battery charging network india, national electric mobility mission india, electric car manufacturers , electric vehicle manufacturers in india, nmhev,


                                                     TABLE OF CONTENTS













 NEWs AnD LaTeSt ViEws




*  Electric Racing Car developed by IIT students !

Students at the Indian Institute of Technology,Bombay have made a fully battery-powered racing car that can reach a top speed of 100 kmph. The Reva, India’s electric car, has a top speed of 80 kmph.

Named EVo 3.0, it will compete at an inter-university car race to be held at the legendary Silverstone racing circuit in the UK in mid-June.

Launched on Sunday, the EVo 3.0 weighs 250 kg and is powered by a set of lithium ion batteries. Members of the team that made the car said that it clocks 0 to 100 kmph in only 4 seconds. It looks like a condensed form of the F1 racing car.

Siddhesh Sakhalkar, captain of the racing team, said, “We used carbon fibre wherever possible to keep the weight down. The steering wheel and some part of the chassis have been made with carbon fibre. Electronic gears also help keep it light.’’

These cars will be judged by various parameters, such as speed, aerodynamics, suspension systems, cost etc.

IIT-B student Abhishek Thote who oversees operations at the racing team, said, “We had built two previous versions of this car, and this is the third generation, and has been a massive improvement.”

Sakhalkar says European universities, most of which are sending their racing teams, are much better funded and more experienced. “For example, all of the chassis of their cars are made of carbon fibre, which makes their vehicles 50 kilograms lighter than ours and with better aerodynamics. But we at least hope to break into the top 20 this year, up from our 50th position last year.’’

 The IIT car has been funded by the IIT-B along with some corporate sponsors. The cost, though, is a secret. Going by the fact that Reva sells at Rs 3.5 lakh, the Evo 3.0 could cost at least twice as much.



* NO Danger from Magnetic Fields in Electric Cars !

Magnet CC BY 2.0 Flickr

Not that I was ever really worried about magnetic fields in electric cars, but for those who are, a comprehensive study conducted by European scientists should put those fears to rest (well, if those fears are rational -- people with irrational fears probably won't be swayed by any amount of evidence). It's a fact that the human body isn't very sensitive to magnetic fields, and if it was, we'd be in trouble because these are literally everywhere. But even in that scenario, people working daily in factories that are full of much bigger electric motors and much higher current power lines would be the ones noticing the effects way before EV drivers.



Mahindra Reva e2o - Small car that is light on pockets May 31, 2014, 11:23 IST by

Electric car e2o is a result of collaborative efforts put in by the Mahindra Reva group. This petrol free car, comes with Easy home charging option, enabling you to charge the vehicle overnight in your garage. Moreover, a while ago Mahindra Reva had announced a price cut of about Rs 1.7 lakh for its electric e2o car in most parts of the country including major cities like Mumbai, Bangalore and Delhi. Furthermore, the carmaker has announced interesting schemes to create demand for the car, interested buyers may avail of this facility by paying up some amount as a monthly rental fee to the car-maker. As per the scheme a customer is expected to pay a sum of Rs. 2599 every month to the car-maker as an 'energy fee', this would allow the owner to drive throughout the country for around 50,000 kms over a period of five years.

Mahindra Reva e2o - Small car that is light on pockets Mahindra Reva e2o - Small car that is light on pockets

The Mahindra Reva e2o is expected to initialize the concept of fuel free cars in India. The patented REVive technology in this green car, lets you remotely activate the reserve power with just a call or use of a Smart-phone application. The car is blessed with a fully automatic transmission that makes driving a pleasure in the city traffic. The e2o with a compact structure has a mere turning radius of 3.9 meters. Moreover, the car is built using ABS body panels that are high impact dent and scratch resistant.

he e2o from Mahindra Reva boasts of an intelligent drive assist system that is equipped to diagnose, record and notify information to its owner on a regular basis. The interiors of the e2o is also pretty convincing. The car has ample cabin space and carries a refreshed look. On the exterior, the long flowing headlamps and broad grills gives it an appealing look. To boost e2o sales in the Indian market, Mahindra Reva has set up a 24 x 7 assistance program and has assured of a courtesy car being provided when the car undergoes a battery repair period.



* Google introduced a driverless car, but there are plenty of other ways transportation is changing radically

Oh, Google. You think you’re so smart with your steering wheel-less, pedal-less, driverless car, don’t you? “Look, guys, no hands!” But we’ve got news for you: You’re not the only transportation innovation game in town.

Here are six other ways tech is—or could—totally revolutionizing the way we get from A to B:



* Saying Goodbye to Petrol Bunks   : eGolf electric VW


Advertising for electric cars is something that a lot of manufacturers find tough. The overarching view of electric cars, and their buyers, often lead to the companies who make them and their chosen advertising companies making incorrect assumptions about what draws in buyers.

Nissan launched the LEAF with its ‘hug a polar bear‘ advert that had many owners and potential owners baulking at the idea of being a ‘bear hugging hippy’. Luckily this advert was followed up by the far more successful joint Renault-Nissan ‘Gas Powered Everything‘ advert where we were shown a world where everything ran on petrol from hair-dryers to TVs and mobile phones.




* if the E.V. deployment goal for 2020 is met, India can avoid 120 million barrels of oil imported and 4 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

By deploying electric cars on their roads, India can avoid importing 120 million barrels of oil and avoid 4 million tons of carbon dioxide by 2020.

A new report by the Clean Energy Ministerial’s Electric Vehicles Initiative looked at the impact electric vehicle deployment would have on India’s oil consumption and carbon dioxide emissions.

The report, Assessing and Accelerating Vehicle Deployment in India, was carried out by the United States Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The report is helping inform the Government of India’s National Mission on Electric Mobility on its goal of 5 million hybrid and electric vehicles on India’s roads by 2020.

“Electric vehicles are one of the most promising technology pathways to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and oil consumption around the world,” said lead researcher Anand Gopal. “As vehicle ownership in india is set to rise substantially, this new study underscores the important opportunity that exists to diversity India’s transportation fuel mix and reduce carbon dioxide emissions.”

According to the report, if the E.V. deployment goal for 2020 is met, India can avoid 120 million barrels of oil imported and 4 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions. If the E.V. adoption rates continue beyond 2020, India could end up saving 4.8 million barrels of oil and cutting 270 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions by 2030.

The researchers also found that E.V.s could be produced for the India market at lower costs. This is due to the lower range of requirements for urban car users. In India, an E.V. with a 100-kilometer range is sufficient for 99 percent of trips.

When factoring in fuel cost savings, 100 km-E.V.s could become cheaper than conventional vehicles on a life cycle cost basis prior to 2030.

The report noted that consumer acceptance of E.V.s in India would depend largely on deployment of infrastructure needed to recharge E.V. batteries.


EVI Research Highlights the Potential for Electric Vehicles in India


WASHINGTON, May 21, 2014 /Nassau News Live/ — A new report by the Clean Energy Ministerial’s Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) shows the substantial impact that electric vehicle (EV) deployment would have on India’s oil consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Assessing and Accelerating Vehicle Deployment in India finds that the benefits of EVs in India are greater than expected when real-world driving conditions are taken into account.


The analysis, supported by EVI and carried out by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), is helping to inform the Government of India’s National Mission on Electric Mobility, which sets deployment targets of 5 to 7 million hybrid and electric vehicles in the country by 2020.

Real-world use conditions amplify the benefits of EVs in India, primarily due to the superior ability of electric powertrains to maintain high efficiency in highly transient operation. According to the analysis, which focuses on passenger car EVs, India could save 4.8 billion barrels of oil and 270 million tons of CO2 emissions by 2030 if the passenger car EV adoption rates necessitated by the government targets continue into the decade beyond 2020.

“Electric vehicles are one of the most promising technology pathways to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and oil consumption around the world,” says lead researcher Anand Gopal of LBNL. “As vehicle ownership in India is set to rise substantially, this new study underscores the important opportunity that exists to diversify India’s transportation fuel mix and reduce CO2 emissions.”

The research also finds that EVs could be produced for the Indian market at lower costs, due to the much lower range requirements for urban car users. An EV with a 100-kilometer (km) range is sufficient for more than 99% of trips in India. Hence, when factoring in fuel cost savings from switching from oil to electricity, 100 km EVs could become cheaper than conventional vehicles on a life cycle cost basis prior to 2030. In 2015, the consumer payback period for compact 100 km EVs is 5.6 years, and it is expected to fall as low as 1.8 years by 2020.

Another aspect of the EVI research explored the optimal siting of public EV charging stations in the New Delhi metropolitan region through the novel use of an agent-based simulation, which found that high levels of service can be provided for 10,000 passenger car EVs at a reasonable infrastructure cost of $760,000 (Rs 460 lakhs). Most of these are “slow” chargers, which should meet drivers’ needs if located in the more densely populated and frequented areas of the city.

As in many markets, the consumer acceptance of EVs in India will depend in large part on the adequate deployment of infrastructure needed to recharge EV batteries. Although India was used as a case study, the goal is to offer this advanced modeling platform to any government interested in optimizing the location and level of charging infrastructure in urban areas. “Use of rigorous methodologies like the one pioneered in this work should help national and local governments design EV polices and incentives that are smarter and more rooted in data-driven analysis,” adds Paul Telleen of the Department of Energy, the United States’ representative to EVI.

The Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) is a multi-government policy forum dedicated to accelerating the introduction and adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) worldwide. Electrifying the global vehicle fleet is a key component of the Clean Energy Ministerial goals of improving energy efficiency and enhancing clean energy supply. EVI seeks to facilitate the global deployment of 20 million EVs, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles, by 2020.

The Clean Energy Ministerial is a high-level global forum to share best practices and promote policies and programs that encourage and facilitate the transition to a global clean energy economy.

Media Contact: Clean Energy Ministerial Secretariat, Clean Energy Ministerial Secretariat, 1 202-586-4131,

source 22/5/14



* Bangalore is a HOT market for Electric Vehicles

 If you are driving a Rs 6 lakh petrol car and travel about 35km a day in Bangalore, you'd be spending about Rs 7000 on fuel. But for an electric car, you'd shell out less than half that amount (nearly Rs 3000) to charge the vehicle. No wonder that Electric Vehicles are becoming so popular in Bangalore that it's the frontrunner in uptake for urban mobility.

The United Nations Habitat (UN Habitat) created an Action Platform on Urban Electric Mobility Initiative (UEMI) last week to promote uptake of electric vehicles for countries and cities. And Bangalore is in the forefront. Unfortunately, the state government's laidback attitude towards the incentive-driven market is not really helping innovations in the automobile sector.

Manufacturers like Mahindra Reva, an electric car manufacturer, and GoGreen Battery Operated Vehicle (BOV) are penetrating fast into the south Indian markets. Reva was acquired by automobile giant Mahindra in 2010 and has sold over 4,000 electric cars of many versions since March 2011.

GoGreen makes two wheelers that runs on electricity and is clocking sales of 700-900 a month in all four states. The latest from GoGreen BOV is an electrically charged motorbike called Kavach (shield) that goes for 120km per charge. Over 5600 units of Kavach (1900 in Bangalore alone) have been sold over four years.

BMTC also introduced an electric bus for its most dense corridor between Majestic and Whitefield in February this year.

But creating the infrastructure for EV-charging stations is a major hurdle. Mahindra Reva installed some charging stations in the Kempegowda International Airport (KIA) and tied up with banks and retail outlets in the city. Dhivik Reddy, head of GoGreen, describes the infrastructure problem as the 'chicken and egg' issue.

"In the West, charging stations are aplenty which motivates people to buy e-vehicles. But in India, charging station promoters are waiting for more sales of EV even as EV makers are waiting for stations to come in to meet demand," he said.

UN Habitat's mandate

The UN Habitat's action plan will form an important part of low-carbon technology pathway for transport as per the International Energy Agency. The agency aims to reduce two degrees of temperature globally yearwise through green initiatives.

The report findings show mobility contributes to 23% of global energy related green house gas emissions and two-thirds of bulk energy is used by passenger transport alone. It admits challenges like advances in vehicle and battery technologies, reduction in costs from economies of production, availability of charging infrastructure, increased awareness of citizens, enabling environment policies and incentives provided by governments, including city governments.


When we entered the business, there was no market for e-bikes in India. Others in this sector couldn't sustain themselves mainly because their product was not made for Indian conditions and mindset. But our bikes have been accepted well and affordable pricing is the key. Our first-year sales were around 10-12 vehicles a month but third-year sales have touched 400 vehicles a month.

Dhivik Reddy | founder and CEO, GoGreen BOV

The trial run of the single bus running on electricity shows good results and we're continuing the trials for 90 days. People have accepted it as any other A/C bus. It's a zero-emission bus and we have to calculate how economical such e-buses will be.

 source 22/5/14

*  Her electric-car startup Kenguru promises to revolutionize mobility




BY | May 21, 2014| Post Comment |    



This Startup Is Revolutionizing Mobility for Wheelchair Users Image credit: Photo © Ben Sklar


Driving change: Stacy Zoern of Kenguru.


Stacy Zoern isn't reinventing the wheel--not yet, anyway. But her electric-car startup Kenguru promises to revolutionize mobility for millions of wheelchair users.

The Kenguru hatchback has no seats: Drivers access the vehicle using its rear-opening tailgate and automatic ramp, securing their wheelchairs via interlocking device. The Kenguru also eschews the conventional steering wheel in favor of motorcycle-style handlebars; a joystick-based control option is in development. The car checks in at about 1,000 pounds, 7 feet long and 5 feet tall, and it's optimized for in-town driving, with top speeds of 25 or 35 miles per hour and an estimated battery range of 60 miles.

"People with disabilities are a very underserved segment of the population, with huge needs," says Zoern, president and co-founder of the Pflugerville, Texas-based company. "Just getting to work is a huge challenge."

Born with spinal muscular atrophy, a form of muscular dystrophy, Zoern has spent her life in a wheelchair. When she was 19, she and her passenger were injured when she lost control of her customized Dodge Grand Caravan; it hit a curb, blew out a tire and crashed headfirst into a light pole, totaling the vehicle. Zoern didn't drive again for more than a decade; after graduating from The University of Texas School of Law, her job search was limited to legal firms within close proximity of her downtown Austin apartment. "Otherwise I would have had to pay for someone to take me to work each day," she explains. "But downtown living is very expensive. It cost my entire paycheck just to live there."


Zoern's frustrations ultimately prompted her to search the web for new transportation options, leading her to Budapest, Hungary-based Istvan Kissaroslaki, whose initial attempts to develop the Kenguru (Hungarian for "kangaroo") ran aground when a loan of 2 million euros fell through following the collapse of financial services giant Lehman Brothers. Zoern contacted Kissaroslaki in March 2010; five months later, he traveled to Texas and agreed to relocate operations to Pflugerville.


 more 22/5/14

* A new Electric Two Wheeler from IIT M Stable

Ather Energy is a start-up based in Chennai with a vision to design premium electric two-wheelers for the Indian market. Housed at IIT Madras Research Park, Ather’s young owners, alumni of the prestigious institute, want to change the lacklustre image associated with the current crop of battery-operated scooters (e-bikes). They want to offer a bike that brings out all the positives of an electric vehicle and matches the performance of gasoline scooters, needs zero maintenance and is topped with premium features not yet available in any Indian scooter. Tarun Mehta, who founded the start-up with his batchmate , Swapnil Jain, isn’t satisfied with the current crop of battery-operated scooters.

“The existing e-bikes fall way short of expectations when it comes to performance, reliability, range of battery and charging time. We want to build a scooter that does not compromise on any of these parameters .”

Emphasis is on in-house development as this allows Ather to implement quality and cost controls effectively. “We have outsourced fabrication of the design to a private garage in Ambattur. Everything else associated with the scooter is our responsibility,” says Mehta. The duo plans to launch the e-bike around 2015.

“Our scooter will have the capacity to out-accelerate normal petrol scooters while not compromising on comfort due to better suspension. We are using better technology with the battery, which will ensure its longer life,” he says.

These e-bikes will be much lighter than other e-bikes due to minimal ‘unsprung mass’. The weight of the wheels, tyres and brakes are considered to be the unsprung mass of a vehicle and Mehta says they have succeeded reducing its weight by as much as 70 per cent. This makes manoeuvring easier and suits city riding better.

Expected to cost around ₹85,000, Ather Energy has cast its eyes on the premium segment. “People who buy electric scooters aren’t necessarily looking at a low-cost alternative to the petrol scooter. They are looking for a green alternative, something that would make them stand out in a crowd,” he says. Besides, ownership costs on these bikes will be low due to the better battery life, lower charging time and the performance, he added.

Development is still at its nascent stage; the final prototype is months away from road testing. Ather Energy, founded in October 2013, began work on the product in February, and is banking on an electric future for the two-wheeler industry.

source 19/5/14



*  BMW i8 commercial rocks ! Absolutely Rocks !!

BMW i8 commercial absolutely rocks it. This is what electric car commercials need to be.


Even the creation of the BMW i8 is outstanding. It was designed and developed from scratch.

The result: a plug-in hybrid with sporty performance and the consumption of a compact car.
The commercial "Powerful Idea" expresses the compelling power of the right idea --

a power that is fuelled by passion and joy, and enables the possible to forge ahead.

The British actor Sam Hazeldine is the embodiment and voice of this powerful idea.

19/5/14  source




Government to subsidize Electric vehicles!!: Will u buy an Electric Car??

Government to subsidise electric vehicles soon

In November, last year, the ministry of heavy industries had announced its intentions to roll out subsidies for electric vehicles by April 2014. Now, according to a report in the Financial Express, this plan might soon materialise, with the Centre planning to dish out subsidies ranging from Rs 8,000 up to Rs 12 lakh, under the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan.

Talking to FE, a government official said, “The idea is that 30-40 per cent of the price differential of XeV over petrol/diesel cars will be met by the subsidy. After that, such vehicles make sense because the running cost is very low. The subsidy is expected to cost the government abut Rs 12,000 crore over six years. Discussions on the subsidy had been going on for a while with the auto industry, but automakers were not fully satisfied with the proposal. However, there is now widespread agreement and the heavy industries ministry will present the final framework to the expenditure finance committee in a month. After that, it will seek Cabinet approval when the new government takes charge.”

Electric,hybrid cars and SUVs are expected to get subsidies up to Rs 1.5 lakh, while hybrid and electric bikes and scooters will likely get a subsidy of up to a maximum of Rs 30,000. The commercial auto sector will also benefit from this scheme with light vehicles getting Rs 1 lakh subsidy. The biggest benefit though, will be reaped by hybrid buses which will get a subsidy of around Rs 12 lakh. The Centre will directly re-imburse the car manufacturers for every hybrid and electric vehicle sold through an online platform. The exact subsidy amount for every vehicle will be predefined and will vary depending on various factors like range, battery size and the actual factory price of the vehicle.

Though Hero Electric provides a huge variety of options for electric scooters in India, the market for hybrid and electric cars is still in its nascent stages. The Mahindra e2o is the only pure electric car you can buy in India right now which, despite the lack of competition, hasn’t managed to do very well in the market. Mahindra recently slashed the prices of the e2o to the tune Rs 1.7 lakh, bringing down the price to Rs 5.8 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi) for the base variant. Honda was the first manufacturer ever to offer a hybrid car in India, the Civic Hybrid, which was also a victim of a high price tag. Toyota currently is the only manufacturer which sells hybrids in India.  more..


Tips to increase the battery life of your Electric Car 

There is a general concern among buyers opting for electric cars as to how long their batteries will work properly. The hybrid vehicles or fully electric cars in India are equipped with lithium-ion batteries, the life of which depends on the amount of care taken by the user. Auto experts believe that with proper management, the battery life can be extended up to more than a decade. Certain tips can be employed for the same and few of them are listed below:


  • One should avoid full charging whenever possible because if the electric car batteries are charged to their maximum capacity during every charge-up, then they start getting drained after a while. It is among the most hazardous things that can be done to the lithium-ion batteries. Although, the maximum capacity of the battery might increase the range to which the car works, in long run the same will be affected to a greater extent. Another advantage of leaving space in the battery and not charging fully is that there is room for further energy to get stored while regenerative braking is done.


  • For a fully electric vehicle, like the Mahindra e2o, user can avoid discharging the battery completely. Usually, the lithium-ion batteries are said to prefer a partial cycle as against a complete discharge. Such tip would allow less wear and tear to the battery and in long run, it will more durable and reliable. In some electric cars available in the international markets, there is a fuel bar specially integrated for the same purpose. The bars tell drivers to charge the battery much before it is about to get deeply discharged.

Tips to extend battery life of your electric car

  • It is further recommended that for hybrid cars, users should completely drain the electric battery before switching to the fuel mode. The car's battery management system automatically stops drawing charge from the battery when it is completely drained and switches to fuel mode to avoid deep cycling. But if there is a steep ascent in the planned journey, then it is advised to manually switch to the fuel mode as such kind of routes gulp in excess of charge from the batteries; thus leaving them fully drained in a quick span.


  • Among the most significant electric car battery tips is that the electric cars should be avoided to be parked under the sun during hot days. One should park the car in shade so as to avoid unnecessary drainage of the charge. The thermal management system in the electric vehicles allows the battery to not get heated and maintains their temperature. If parked under the sun, this system will keep working continuously and after a while all the energy of the battery will be drained in keeping it cool.

  • Most of the electric vehicles in India, such as Mahindra Reva car and e2o, are charged with the conventional electricity source found in households. However, there are DC quick chargers available in the market that charges the battery quickly than the AC source. This fast charging is beneficial in long journey as the car can be quickly charged but its regular usage causes harm. Experts suggest that the regular usage of DC quick chargers consumes almost 1 per cent of the battery capacity every year. This figure may not be very great but it is still harmful to the battery in long run and reduces its normal life span. Courtesy: Car Trade


Apple  planning Electric Car ?? : Apple board room


The Tesla Model S electric car costs $70,000. The Apple iPhone 5s costs from $199 to $399, depending on the gigabyte storage. But they both use lithium-ion batteries. And that may be the common denominator linking the two companies.

AppleCar. AppleAuto. iCar. MacMotors. Use your imagination. Point is, there may be an Apple-branded and manufactured automobile down the road. Such rumors have been ubiquitous in recent months. Industry experts say the rumors are unfounded. However, financial news reports confirm Tesla and Apple have been talking, but talking only about the making of lithium-ion batteries, critical to the sustainable success of both mobile-based industries.

Discussions began upon the announcement by Tesla that it would build a new Gigafactory, a large rechargeable battery production plant. The facility is scheduled to open in 2017 and will cost an estimated $5 billion to build. The link is Apple and Tesla both have at their core (sorry) a need for the volume production of rechargeable batteries. So why should they develop separate capabilities in research, development, design and production?

Further, last year, Apple’s CEO, Tim Cook, stated in one of the company’s elaborately staged presentations that 2014 would be the year the Apple iOS operating system would be integrated into automobile technology, including the Siri voice technology. And from a marketing 101 standpoint, Tesla and Apple target the same upscale consumer audiences. So we clearly have shared consumer demographics, the need to solve a critical production component problem, mobility-related platforms to interface technologies and, most likely, a compatible culture.

These Santa Clara County, Calif., neighbors — Apple is in Cupertino; Tesla is in Palo Alto — are all about the effective and efficient use of mobile technologies and what powers them. Imagine one car recognizing another as both approach the same intersection. Or cars communicating with road signs or traffic signals providing information to the vehicle about safety issues. What about cars requesting traffic information from a traffic management system and accessing a more efficient route? It’s called vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication — just as one iPhone recognizes and communicates with another. Simplistic, I know. Courtesy


World No 1 Electric Car company Ties Up With India's No 1 Electric car company


Electric vehicle technology is in the mainstream now. Whether its something as primal as an engine start stop mechanism, a proper fuel cell hybrid or a full fledged electric vehicle that runs on nothing, but battery power. We got to witness the widest array of electric vehicle technology at the 12th Biennial Auto Expo and Mahindra was on the forefront of it all. The Halo Electric sports car, Verito Electric or the Reva, all models showed how serious Mahindra is about electric vehicle technology. Now, according to certain  reports, Nissan may tie up with Mahindra for the joint development of electric vehicles.


Halo Electric Side Mahindra Nissan To Tie Up For Electric Vehicles?

 The Mahindra Halo Electric


The collaboration, to which both companies are open, could be in the backend of the electric vehicle (EV) business and mainly in the area of charging infrastructure/technology. “Nissan is open to collaboration with other EV manufacturers in India, in particular for the charging network,” says Andy Palmer, chief planning officer and executive vice-president responsible for Zero Emission Vehicle Planning & Strategy, Nissan Motor Corporation, when asked if Nissan would be open for a tie-up with Mahindra Reva in the EV space.


Nissan Leaf all electric car image Mahindra Nissan To Tie Up For Electric Vehicles?

Nissan Leaf


The two main hurdles electric vehicles face are the cost of making them (Models like the Mahindra E2O cost around Rs 9 lakh once on road) and providing/developing batteries that last long enough. Not to mention the setting up of charging station network. Nissan, which already has collaborations with Toyota, Mitsubishi and Honda in Japan, sees collaboration as a good way to build the EV business. “Charging infrastructure is one of the two prime movers for success of EVs,” adds Palmer. The other ‘prime mover’ is government incentive.


Verito Electric Mahindra Nissan To Tie Up For Electric Vehicles?

The Front View of the Mahindra Verito Electric


Dr Pawan Goenka, executive director, Mahindra & Mahindra and chairman, Mahindra Reva, also agrees with Palmer’s views on collaboration. In an interview with Autocar Professional, Dr Goenka said, “Yes, we are always open to talk to any OEM who wants to work with us and create the right kind of technology or infrastructure for electric vehicles. If Nissan is interested, we’ll be more than happy to talk to them.” more..



Cities in India  better than USA for Hybrid Electric Car Market

India should concentrate on Hybrid Electric Cars Market. Will it boom?

What makes cities in India and China so frustrating to drive in—heavy traffic, aggressive driving style, few freeways—makes them ideal for saving fuel with hybrid vehicles, according to new research by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). In a pair of studies using real-world driving conditions, they found that hybrid cars are significantly more fuel-efficient in India and China than they are in the United States.

These findings could have an important impact in countries that are on the brink of experiencing an explosion in the sales of personal vehicles; the government of India has already taken note of the findings. "Currently greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector in India and China are a smaller piece of the pie compared with other sectors," said lead researcher Anand Gopal. "But vehicle ownership is going to skyrocket in these countries. That is why we decided to focus on this area. Hybrid and electric vehicles can significantly reduce carbon emissions and other pollutants."

What's more, hybrids in India are also more fuel-efficient than they are officially rated for. "With the official fuel economy test procedure currently used in India, fuel savings for hybrids are fairly grossly underestimated, showing only a 29 percent savings over conventional vehicles," Gopal said. "The test cycle is not representative of driving conditions in India, so that's sending the wrong signal to the consumer."

Their results were reported in two papers, "Understanding the fuel savings potential from deploying hybrid cars in China," published in Applied Energy, and "Understanding fuel savings mechanisms from hybrid vehicles to guide optimal battery sizing for India," accepted for publication in the International Journal of Powertrains, also co-authored by Berkeley Lab battery scientist Venkat Srinivasan. The studies are believed to be the first of their kind.


About 50 percent fuel savings over conventional cars


Gopal, working with Berkeley Lab scientists Samveg Saxena and Amol Phadke, used a powertrain simulation model called Autonomie to create a hypothetical hybridized version of the top-selling conventional car in each country—in China it was the Buick Excelle and in India the Maruti Alto. The reason for creating a hypothetical version was to isolate the improvement from hybridization and measure only that benefit.

For the India analysis the researchers simulated drive cycles in two Indian cities (New Delhi and Pune) taken from published studies and also used the Modified Indian Drive Cycle, the test for the official fuel economy rating. In China they simulated drive cycles in 11 cities and with three types of hybrid powertrains (start-stop, parallel and power-split). In both cases they compared it to drive cycles used for U.S. fuel efficiency ratings, which include about 55 percent city driving and 45 percent highway driving.

They found that driving a hybrid would achieve fuel savings of about 47 to 48 percent over a conventional car in India and about 53 to 55 percent in China. In the United States, hybrids are rated to produce a fuel savings of about 40 percent over their conventional counterparts. Currently hybrid and electric vehicles have a tiny share of the market in India and China and are seen as a higher-end product.

Floating Electric Car ??: A Solution to Tsunami's??

A new concept electric car from Japan could be the solution to coping with flash floods and tsunamis its maker claims.

Fomm, a Japanese firm has developed a new electric car it calls the Concept One, which it claims is also the smallest four-seat EV around at just 2.5 metres long and 1.5 metres tall.

Fomm Concept One

The model is fitted with a water jet generator which allows it to propel itself through water, operating just like a small boat. The car’s slim wheels act a bit like fins while its jet-ski like handlebar is used to steer the car through the water.

The Concept One also includes what is described as a ‘cassette type detachable lithium ion battery’ which can be removed for use to power home appliances in the event of a blackout. The car can hold up to six batteries for a driving range of up to 62 miles on a single charge.

Currently on display at the Bangkok International Motor Show, the model is described as a ‘water-world spaceship’ thanks to its aquatic nature. more...


New innovative technology to recycle copper by Toyota : Should Indian companies follow this technology?

A new pioneering recycling technology could make a significant contribution to extending the world’s limited resources of cooper.


Developed by Toyota along with eight other Japanese companies, a new technique makes it much easier to recover cooper from end-of-life vehicles. While car breakers already try to recycle cooper Toyota's Hybrid System uses a lot of copperfrom old vehicles, it is extremely difficult to separate copper from the fuse box or from other electrical components using conventional methods such as shredding, specific-gravity sorting and magnetism.


But in 2010, Toyota and its partners began working on the development of new processing techniques for vehicles. By 2011, the project had developed its first first mechanical sorting method to prevent minute impurities from entering batches of recycled copper. This new technology was independently assessed as achieving an impressive and stable 99.96 per cent purity rate.


Trials of the new technology began in 2013 at Toyota’s Honsha plant in Japan. According to a Toyota UK blog post, after another quality assessment, the recycled copper was then introduced into the wiring harness manufacturing line to be reused in new cars.


It is estimated that annual production of recycled copper using this method could increase to approximately 1,000 tons in 2016.


Improving the recyclability of cooper used in cars will be an important way of helping to meet rising demand. With experts suggesting that cooper resources throughout the world might last just 40 years at the current usage rates.  more..


 Plug in Hybrid SWIFT for the  Indian Government ?? : The electric market has arrived in India?

Maruti Suzuki, the India's largest car-maker has now intends on catering to a new customer – The Indian Government. The hatchback rechristened as 'Swift Range Extender' is a plug-in hybrid version that was showcased at the Auto Expo event which was held in Delhi last month. Report received by Autocar Professional, said, “While the homologation process of the hybrid Swift is nearly completed, the team is expecting ARAI certification anytime now.”

Government of India expected to receive first lot of Maruti Suzuki Swift Hybrid

Government of India expected to receive first lot of Maruti Suzuki Swift Hybrid  

Maruti Suzuki has not disclosed the exact number of cars that would be supplied to the Indian government. The dates for the delivery have also not been confirmed for now due to upcoming elections in the country, though it is anticipated that the deliveries may begin sometime in 2015. As showcased at the Auto Expo event, the Swift Range Extender is powered by 658cc, in-line three-cylinder petrol engine. A 55KW electric motor powered by 5kWh lithium ion battery has been mounted to the front axle. Internal test results for the Swift Range Extender stated an impressive combined fuel efficiency of up to 48.2km per litre, including the 25.5km run powered by a fully-charged battery during tests. Moreover, the Indian company boasts of possessing a battery that gets fully charged in about just 90 Minutes.

As per a recent update, department of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises has requested for grant of Rs 230-300 crore from the Finance Ministry to kick-start a series of pilot projects from April 2014. It is also well known that Maruti Suzuki has been waiting in anticipation for the implementation of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020. The first ones to receive the Swift Range Extender as part of the pilot project would be the Indian Government. Major electric gear for the hatchback would be imported from Japan and other countries.

Audi to launch Electric SUV!!!

Established premium car makers are taking the challenge from Tesla seriously. The Californian electric car company – which is rumoured to be in talks with Apple about producing an ‘i-car’ – will follow its highly-praised Model S sedan with a crossover Model X. Now from Germany comes the news that Audi is planning a pure electric plug-in SUV crossover based on the new Q7 that will appear later this year.


Said to be called the Q8 e-tron, this model will adopt the technology from the stillborn R8 e-tron sports car and be built on the Volkswagen Group’s MLB platform for the next generation of large cars with longitudinally-mounted engines.




Meanwhile, Telsa has announced that it plans a ‘gigafactory’ in the southwest United States to make 500,000 lithium-ion battery packs a year by 2020. It says that it expects the greater scale of battery production to reduce unit costs by up to 30 per cent.  more..


Norway's attractive incentive for Electric car attracts an Indian EV maker !?

That electric-vehicle magnet that is Norway has attracted yet another automaker. This time, it's India-based Mahindra that is looking to bring its battery-electric Reva e2o to the country sometime soon, India's Financial Express says. Mahindra is eying the UK and Sri Lanka for new sales as well.

In order to facilitate European acceptance, Mahindra knows it has to to add some amenities to the car, which has a 62-mile single-charge range and a top speed of about 60 miles per hour. ABS, airbags and power steering are among features that the e2o may soon include. Previous versions of the model - the infamous G-Wiz - sold 1,500 units in the UK and almost 500 in Norway.

Mahindra Reva e2o EV

The Reva e2o, which costs the equivalent of about $11,000, went on sale in India last March. The subsidiary of Mahindra & Mahindra, India's largest truck and tractor manufacturer, estimated at the time that it could make 30,000 of the EVs annually. more..



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2014 E golf: The electric car you will love!!!


Volkswagen has dropped the combustion engines and added a battery pack and motor for its amazingly frugal 2014 e-Golf. And it’s brilliant. Its range is still limited, but combining premium brand features with ultra-low running costs (less than a £5 for a full ‘tank’), it’s certainly very appealing. Sensible if you live in a city, too.


What: Volkswagen e-Golf
Where: Berlin, Germany 
Date: March 2014 
Price: £30,845, £25,845 including £5,000 government Plug-in Car Grant
Available: on sale now, deliveries end of July 2014
Key rivals: BMW i3Nissan LEAFRenault Zoe


We like: effortless performance, impressive efficiency, combined charging system, no impact on interior space
We don’t like: limited range, confusing number of driving and energy recovery modes


2014 Volkswagen e-Golf (© Volkswagen)


Volkswagen e-Golf: first impressions


The 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show was a very public display of Volkswagen’s intended supremacy when it comes to electric mobility. Now, in 2014, this is where the real charge begins, with the 2014 Volkswagen e-Golf.


0-62mph takes 10.5 seconds


This is a Ronseal car – and we mean that in a very positive way indeed. It does what it says on the tin. The all-electric VW combines everything we like about the regular Golf and adds to that incredible levels of efficiency not seen before in an electrically powered family hatchback, with even lower running costs than something super-frugal like the 88.3mpg Golf BlueMotion diesel.


At £25,845 including the maximum £5,000 government subsidy for plug-in electric cars, it’s not cheap. But if you’re after a classy, well-executed practical hatchback that won’t harm the environment and is free to drive in the capital, look no further.


2014 Volkswagen e-Golf (© Volkswagen)


Volkswagen e-Golf: performance


Unlike some cars that have had an electric or hybrid system shoe-horned into them the Golf was designed from the outset to accommodate an electric powertrain, meaning the chassis is optimised for accepting a battery pack and electric motor.


With 115hp on tap from the electric motor, 0-62mph takes just 10.5 seconds – that’s 0.1 seconds faster than a Golf BlueMotion.


It’s not so much power that dominates the experience as torque – 258lb ft of it delivered instantly, from standstill.


The Golf was designed from the outset to accommodate an electric powertrain


This means you can silently make a swift getaway from the lights, but the sustained shove is strong enough to ensure this is a fun car to drive, too. A slight whine from the VW-built motor is all you hear as the speed rises smoothly. Top speed stands at 87mph, which should be more than enough for most people in the UK.


Efficiency is still the main focus, however, and one area of the e-Golf we were initially sceptical of was the number of driving and brake energy regeneration modes.


Like some other Golf variants, you can select between Normal, Eco and Eco profiles. The first gives full power, while the second two settings cut the system’s output to 95 and 75hp respectively, as well as modifyinge the throttle response and reducing top speed to 74 and 56mph. more 


The Quietest  car race : Croatia


In May, Croatia will host its first electric car rally that winds from the northern coast to the capital Zagreb through some of the country's most scenic spots. The route includes a visit to electricity pioneer Tesla's hometown too.


The Nikola Tesla EV Rally 2014 starts May 27 and will be divided into five legs that cover some 530 miles. It starts in the coastal town of Pula in the north, heading south to the mountain village Smiljan where Tesla was born, Krka National Park and Zadar on the coast before heading inland and north to the capital Zagreb.

Over five days, electric car and motorcycle drivers will pass through three national parks -- Paklenica, Plitvice Lakes and Krka -- as well as resort towns like Optaija and Rovinj. Each leg of the journey is short, covering just about 100 miles each day.

But how far can electric vehicles go? Specially designed fast-charging stations, ones that charge a car in about an hour and a half, will be installed every 40 miles along the way, an announcement this week from the Croatian National Tourist Board says. Panels on the stations also provide interactive information for tourists too. more....

 Electric car sales to boom in China

green cars china

Three of China’s biggest cities are helping consumers pay for a range of electric cars, heeding calls to encourage the sale of green vehicles that the government sees helping tackle pollution.


China’s smoggy skies topped the agenda at the annual parliamentary session this year, while Premier Li Keqiang in January demonstrated the importance of green cars by visiting a factory of BYD Co Ltd, maker of the e6 pure electric car.


The government wants to put 10 times more e-cars on the road by next year but traffic management is under the remit of local authorities, and many cities including the polluted capital of Beijing have not had the framework to deem the vehicles roadworthy.


Tianjin lacked the means to issue license plate numbers for e-cars, while in Shanghai, technicalities in traffic management rules meant only Shanghai-made vehicles were eligible for local subsidies.


But the cities last month said they would subsidise purchases of pure electric and plug-in hybrid cars from Chinese makers including Warren Buffett-backed BYD, SAIC Motor Corp and Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Co Ltd (JAC Motors).


Any sales rise will add to a population of 50,000 new energy vehicles (NEV) - defined in China as electric, plug-in hybrid and fuel cell - well short of a government target for half a million by 2015 and 5 million by 2020 more..


Top 3 Electric Cars


Electric cars might still be a rarity on many roads but, thanks to improvements in battery technology and charging infrastructure, price cuts and government grants and other schemes, the vehicles are starting to gain in popularity. A look at three of the best currently on the road.


The Nissan Leaf


In 2010, Nissan and Renault were bullish about the impact the car would have and set a target of selling 1.5 million Nissan and Renault-branded electric vehicles before the end of 2016. Although the companies have since been forced to rein back their enthusiasm -- the target is now 1.5 million cars by 2020 -- sales of the Nissan Leaf alone already account for nearly 10 percent of that target.


Since its launch in 2011, the Leaf has achieved sales of over 100,000, making it the world's most popular electric car. Part of this has been achieved through aggressive advertising, by discounting and through government-backed schemes, but, fundamentally by constantly improving the car as technologies develop.


As a result, the latest generation Leaf is capable of traveling 200 km on a single charge. It is also more comfortable and roomy when traveling that distance, thanks to reworked suspension, the introduction of higher cabin specifications and the relocation of the charging point to the car's nose. This has freed up space in the rear for back-seat passengers and their luggage.


The other big change since the car's launch has been available charging points. Nissan and Renault have worked hard to extend the Leaf and other Nissan and Renault-branded electric vehicles' desirability by investing in supercharging infrastructure. There are now over 1000 fast charging points across Europe that can add an 80 percent charge to the car's batteries in roughly 30 minutes. The company aims to hit the 1800 charger mark in Europe by the end of this year.


Technical specifications


  • 0-100km/h: 10.1 seconds
  • Power: 107bhp
  • Range: 200 km
  • Price: $28,800


Tesla Model S P85 Performance


The Leaf might be the world's most popular green car, but there is little doubt that the Model S is the world's most desirable electric car.


And, in P 85 Performance guise it can compete with the best that BMW and Mercedes have to offer in terms of performance, comfort and looks, while still offering emission free motoring. The Model S comes with a premium price tag -- in excess of $87,000 once the customization options are selected -- but it also offers a premium range for an electric vehicle of 426 km.


Initially only available to US customers upon its launch in 2012, it quickly became the vehicle of choice in Silicon Valley where it is known as the Apple Mac because of the devotion it creates with owners. Since August 2013 it has also been on sale in left-hand drive form in Europe and a right-hand-drive version is in development for the UK and Japanese markets. At the beginning of 2014 it also officially went on sale in China.


Like Nissan, Tesla has been hard at work putting in the charging infrastructure necessary to make its cars more practical and has already managed to build a US-wide network of superchargers that can add a 50 percent charge to a battery in 20-30 minutes.


It also has similarly comprehensive plans for Europe and has set itself a deadline of the end of 2014 for electrifying German, Norwegian and Dutch roads and for providing access within a 320km radius to Tesla owners in France, England, Wales and Sweden.


Technical specifications


  • 0-100km/h: 4.2 seconds
  • Power: 416bhp
  • Range: 426km
  • Price: $87,000


BMW i3


The German company, with a reputation for building drivers' cars has, unsurprisingly, taken a slightly different approach to a number of electric carmakers with its first truly environmentally friendly offering.


Its lightweight, battery-powered city car, the i3, uses carbon fiber to keep weight down and rear-wheel drive to make the car fun to drive. It's also pretty fast -- 0-100km/h in just a smidgen over 7 seconds.


However, the nimble handling and acceleration come at a cost -- range. To keep the weight down, the battery is small and is only good for 130-160km before a recharge is needed.


However, the car's navigation system, smartphone and smartwatch apps are designed to factor available range and closest charging points into route selection and there's a 24-hour helpline for anyone who might end up stranded on mile 100.


Other steps BMW is taking to increase peace of mind is to offer the car with an optional generator -- a 650cc gas engine that can be installed to charge the batteries, essentially turning the car into a series hybrid. However, it only has a 9-liter tank so is there as an emergency range extender, good for a further 100km or so and not for a real cross-country adventure.


That's why BMW also plans to offer owners access to other types of cars, such as big SUVs and larger sedans for longer-distance trips and weekends away so that they keep the i3 solely for week-day commuting.


It looks as if BMW could be on to something. It is struggling to meet demand. Over 11,000 have already been sold and in the US the company has had to impose a three-to-six-month waiting list for new customers.


Technical specifications


  • 0-100km/h: 7.2 seconds
  • Power: 168bhp
  • Range: 160km
  • Price: $41,350


Electric car range fluctuates in extreme climate conditions: Reports

AAA reports that its own testing shows rough weather can negatively impact an electric vehicle's range, but the organization cautioned that electric motors still offer less maintenance than traditional engines and other benefits.ew tests conducted by AAA aren't the final word on the matter, but they could give consumers a glimpse of what to expect during the hottest and coldest months.

To carry out its tests, AAA used a 2014 Ford Focus Electric Vehicle, a 2012 Mitsubishi iMIEV, and a 2013 Nissan Leaf. According to AAA: 

"Vehicles were tested for city driving to mimic stop-and-go traffic, and to better compare with EPA ratings listed on the window sticker..... Each vehicle completed a driving cycle for moderate, hot and cold climates following standard EPA-DOE test procedures. The vehicles were fully charged and then 'driven' on a dynamometer in a climate-controlled room until the battery was fully exhausted."When tested at the moderate temperature of 75 degrees Fahrenheit, AAA says the three vehicles averaged 105 miles per charge. After the thermostat was cranked up to 95 degrees, however, that range plummeted to just 69 miles.

The batteries performed even worse in cold weather. When the vehicles were tested at 20 degrees Fahrenheit, they averaged just 43 miles -- a 57 percent reduction in range.

It's important to note that AAA didn't conduct these tests to dissuade consumers from purchasing electric cars. On the contrary, AAA seems pretty fond of EVs. John Nielsen, the managing director for AAA Automotive Engineering and Repair, says quite sensibly that "Electric motors provide smooth operation, strong acceleration, require less maintenance than internal combustion engines, and for many motorists offer a cost effective option. However, EV drivers need to carefully monitor driving range in hot and cold weather."


Electric vehicles and the battery technology they employ are still very new, so any data that's generated about them can be useful. However, there are a couple of problems with AAA's tests:

1. The limited sample set. AAA produced some intriguing findings, but ultimately, we want to see more than three vehicles put through their paces. Not only would we like to see results from a range of electric models -- including the Tesla Model S and the Chevrolet Volt -- we'd also like to see AAA test different versions of the same model (e.g. both a 2012 Leaf and a 2014 Leaf).

2. The lack of real-world testing. Dynamometers are important tools, but we want to know how electric vehicles perform in real-world environments, where temperatures fluctuate and landscapes undulate. Would cars perform the same? Better? Worse? Inquiring minds want to know. more...

Canada will attempt to break the Guinness World Record for the largest electric-vehicle parade

Next month, the National Advanced Transportation Center--a Canadian electric-car advocacy organization--will attempt to break the Guinness World Record for the largest electric-vehicle parade, according to Time to Electrify.The rally will take place April 18 at the Circuit Gilles-Villeneuve Formula One race track. Participants can register at the event website.




Nissan Leafs break the world record for largest electric car convoy

Nissan Leafs break the world record for largest electric car convoy The current record of 305 cars was set in Zurich last year. Organizers of the Montreal rally hope to attract 350 to 500 electric cars to make a solid claim on the title.


There was also a U.K. convoy of 225 Nissan Leafs in July 2012.

WAVE 2013 electric vehicle parade (Images: WAVE Facebook group)


Since the record is for an electric-vehicle parade, all participating cars have to move to be counted. The record also presumably applies to battery-electric vehicles only, not plug-in hybrids or cars with range-extending internal-combustion engines.


While it's unclear if there are enough electric cars within range of Montreal to bring that record to North America, it won't be the first attempt to set an electric-vehicle world record on this side of the Atlantic.


Last July, the Ride The Future Tour set out from Charleston, South Carolina, on a 3,745-mile, 44-day trip across the U.S. to Google's headquarters at Charleston Park in Mountain View, California.


The convoy of two- and four-wheeled plug-in vehicles aimed to set the Guinness World Records for "longest journey by electric scooter," "longest journey by electric motorcycle," and "longest journey by electric car."


Finishers included A2B and Zero motorcycles, two Zenon scooters, and a Nissan Leaf. However, it doesn't appear that any of those records attempts were recognized by Guinness.


Neither will the Montreal gathering be, if too few cars show up.


If you own an electric car, and can get it to Montreal on April 18, consider making the trip. Courtesy


Porsche to launch electric sports car


Tesla Motors might now be seen as a rival for luxury brands like BMW and Mercedes-Benz, but it was originally a rival for Porsche.


Tesla’s first production model, after all, was the Lotus Elise-based Roadster. That electric sports car may be out of production, but Porsche is reportedly considering an answer to it.


Porsche CEO Matthias Muller told Germany’s Auto Motor und Sport that the carmaker is “constantly developing EV technology.”


This actually isn’t too surprising. Porsche has already demonstrated its interest in green speed with the 918 Spyder plug-in hybrid. A fully-electric sports car would allow it to take the technology one step further, and could be a smart strategic move.


In fact, Porsche built three prototype Boxster E electric sports cars for use in a pilot program three years ago. Similar to the program undertaken by BMW with the MINI E and ActiveE, the cars were driven around Stuttgart, Germany to gather real-world data on electric car usage.


The Boxster E had two electric motors (one for each axle), which produced a combined 240 horsepower and 398 pound-feet of torque. That was enough for a respectable 0 to 62 mph time of 5.3 seconds.


Porsche’s corporate sibling, Audi, is also getting more serious about both electric cars and plug-in hybrids, so there might be an opportunity for the two brands to pool resources.


Like Mercedes-Benz and Rolls-Royce, Porsche may also have to embrace electrification to meet stricter emissions standards, even if its customers can afford to pay for lots of expensive fuel.


However, unlike a luxury sedan, a sports car needs to be more than powerful and efficient. The main hangup of an electric Porsche sports car might be the extra weight of the battery pack, which could affect handling.


It will be interesting to see if Porsche attacks that problem head-on, or deploys its first all-electric powertrain in an SUV or sedan instead. Hopefully it will figure something out, just in case Tesla decides to build another Roadster. more..

Canadian district British Columbia has maximum number of electric charging stations

Cortes Island is three ferry trips north of Vancouver. There are three hours of driving time. As you also spend a significant amount of time waiting, the trip can take six hours in peak season.   Some people think of Cortes as a throwback to the 1970‘s; others regard it as one of BC’s sustainable hubs. The major industry is tourism. There are around a thousand inhabitants, three hamlets and a number of non-profit organizations. There is also an EV charging station. I am told it has only been used once. This says a great deal about the extent of BC’s expanding EV infrastructure.


Thanks to the Clean Energy Vehicle Infrastructure Deployment Program (CEV), there are more charging stations in BC (475) than any other Canadian Province.

BC also leads Canada in EV sales (177) per capita for 2013, though more vehicles were sold in Ontario (296) and Quebec (214).

To put this in perspective, Canada’s population (35 million) is slightly less than that of California (38 million) and seven times that of Norway (5 million). Yet there are 33,418 EV’s in California, 14,462 in Norway and only 4,059 in Canada.more..

Toyta Prius owners test drive the Tesla S!!

The Toyota Prius has been the perennial best seller for green-minded drivers, but the Tesla Model S is stealing buyers from the Japanese hybrid. Even though many Tesla buyers come from German luxury brands, the Model S is attracting most of its customers from Toyota.

As a new brand, Tesla has to pull from a pool of established buyers, and Toyota is one of the top-three best-selling car brands around the world every year. But the natural competitors from the Tesla Model S are built by brands like Mercedes and BMW, which make up 10.6% and 10.2% of Tesla sales, respectively. This has helped Tesla sales climb ahead of these old luxury marques in progressive places like California.


But former Toyota owners make up 15.5% of Tesla Model S buyers, and many of those buyers traded in cars like the Toyota Prius, a distinctly non-luxury vehicle. The lack of green luxury cars has made the Prius a default favorite for many Silicon Valley types, but the Model S (and upcoming Model X SUV) are giving buyers a more luxurious alternative…even though Tesla buyers and Prius buyers seem to have little in common.more..

 BYD accounts for more than 50% of  the Chinese new-energy market

The total for all models came to 6,795. “In the first weeks of 2014,” BYD reports that about 6,000 units of its new Qin plug-in hybrid electric car have been sold!

Holy cow.

I’ve noted previously that sales for the BYD Qin were expected to be high, but this is better than I expected.

BYD notes that these ~6,000 sales account for “over half (50%) of the Chinese new-energy vehicle market.” Of course, that puts it well at the top of plug-in car sales in China.

And the party’s just started. “Analysts are not expecting sales to slow down any time soon as both Shanghai and Beijing announced earlier this month that they will now permit BYD new energy vehicles to qualify for local municipality green-vehicle incentives and be licensed in those regions. These signals along with the Chinese government’s new fund committed for clean-air and fuel-efficient technologies in the form of consumer and government purchasing incentives are launching a new era in the China domestic automobile industry.” more...

*California to cut transport fuel consumption by 1billion gallons /year!!?

A new report from Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) has shown that California may cut its transport fuel consumption by more than a billion gallons per year by 2020 due to policy initiatives and a burgeoning electric and high-efficiency vehicle culture.

According to Bloomberg, “the analysis puts forward two scenarios for the development of gasoline demand in the state over the next seven years.”The ‘base-case’ scenario sees consumption dropping from 12.3 billion gallons in 2014 to 11.2 billion gallons in 2020, which amounts to a reduction of 9%.The more aggressive scenario sees a drop of 13%, down to 10.6 billion gallons in 2020, thanks to strict efficiency standards being met.

“California will experience a significant shift in the make-up of both transport fuel demand and the composition of the vehicle fleet,” said Salim Morsy, advanced transportation analyst at Bloomberg New Energy Finance. ”A drop in net fossil fuel demand may put pressure on California oil refiners’ margins in the coming seven years.” 

BNEF highlight several factors which they believe are likely to be influential impactors on the California market, including the federal fuel efficiency standards — more commonly referred to as CAFE standards — as well as the California zero-emissions vehicle program, the federal Renewable Fuel Standard, and California Low Carbon Fuel Standard. more...


BMW targets only 100,000 electric cars by 2020

The jury is out on the BMW i3. Some love it (count me in), while some very much don’t. The BMW i8 is a cool electrified sports car, but many point out that it doesn’t stack up to the Model S despite costing nearly twice as much. Nonetheless, BMW seems more electric-oriented than most auto manufacturers. So, how does its sales target of 100,000 electrified vehicles per year by 2020 stack up? Have a look:


BMW Aims For 100,000 Electric Vehicles Per Year By 2020, Compared To Tesla’s 500,000 & Nissan/Renault’s 1.5 Million (via EV Obsession)

BMW is considered to be one of the major auto manufacturers that is more bullish about electric vehicles. It has built the BMW i3 and BMW i8 from the ground up, and it has already stated that it plans to have electric versions of all of its models more..




Leaning electric vehicle revealed : Futuristic design


Toyota is about to begin consumer trials of its innovative new i-Road electric quadricyle concept in Japan.  The new limited trials, operating in the Greater Tokyo area will assess the use of the vehicles as an everyday commuter solution in urban environments.


The trials will run from Monday (March 24, 2014) until early June. Designed to offer the comfort and stability of a car with the compact profile and convenience of a motorcycle. First shown at the Tokyo Motor Show  


Toyota i-Road 2014 on the road


A rival to the likes of the Renault Twizy, this electric quadricycle  rides on three wheels and uses something called ‘Active Lean’ technology for a ride closely modelled on a motorcycle. Just 2.3 metres long and 0.87 metres wide, this compact transport solution is ideally suited to short commutes in crowded urban environments. 


Fitted with a lithium ion battery and two 2kW motors fitted to the front wheels, the i-Road is expected to achieve a range of 31 miles per charge and a top speed of 28mph. Recharging from a conventional power supply takes just three hours.


For the trials, Toyota will supply ten vehicles to approximately 20 test participants who will include members of the general public and industry experts.
In addition to the upcoming trial in Tokyo, the i-Road has already been trailing on public roads in Toyota City, in the Aichi Prefecture of Japan  since early March as part of Ha:mo car sharing service.


The carmaker says it plans to continue to conduct research into compact electric vehicles, as part of its development of inner city vehicles. Courtesy


 Mahindra E20 to be launched in Europe!!

Mahindra has made phenomenal strides in the field of electric vehicles. On acquiring REVA, the company that developed and manufactured India’s first indigenous electric car, Mahindra gave us a glimpse of what the auto maker thinks is the future of locomotion. With fossil fuel supplies fast depleting, the world needs to concentrate on renewable sources of fuel for vehicles.

With the Indian government failing to provide adequate tax benefits for electric vehicles, Indian customers have no incentive for electric vehicles. However, EVs are gaining widespread popularity around the world and Mahindra has announced that their latest electric car, the e2o will be exported to UK and Norway, places that have shown keen interest in electric vehicles. Hopefully Indian customers will pick up on the new tech and the government will realize the importance of providing adequate incentives for such cars.

2013 Mahindra Reva E2O Electric Car 2 Mahindra e2o to be Sold in UK and Norway

2013 Mahindra Reva e2o Electric Car Front

After acquiring the REVA electric company, the Indian car maker revamped the REVA electric car and produced a contemporary, stylish car packed with features that could give D-segment cars a run for their money. While the original REVA car was seen as a boring two seater that came with nothing but a steering wheel, the new Mahindra e2o comes loaded with features such as regenerative braking, remote diagnostics, remote lock/unlock, JBL music system and many more. The car also comes with a touchscreen infotainment system capable of navigation, smartphone app compatibility, iPod connectivity, a personal web page and Multi code traction immobilizer.

The recent NCAP test results revealed the apathetic approach most manufacturers take when designing their cars. Most companies pay little heed to safety to cut costs and maximize profits. Mahindra has spared no expense in making the e2o one of the safest cars to be in. The car has been designed according to European standards and comes with large front crumple zones, ISOFIX Child Seat mounts with ALR rear seat belts, High tensile steel space frame, Reverse Parking camera & Assist and many other safety mechanisms. A world class car designed for and by India. Currently priced at a hefty Rs. 6.14 lakhs (ex-showroom), the e2o is quite a bit but it more than makes up for it in terms of the massive number of features it offers along with low maintenance and running costs. more...

Performance of electric vehicles dropped in very cold weather conditions

The range of electric vehiclescan be greatly reduced, by up to 57% , depending on the temperature outside, auto club AAA says.The AAA Automotive Research Center in Southern California found that the average range of an electric car dropped 57% in very cold weather – at 20 degrees Fahrenheit – and by 33% in extreme heat, a temperature of 95 degrees."We expected degradation in the range of vehicles in both cold and hot climates, but we did not expect the degradation we saw," said Greg Brannon, AAA's director of automotive engineering.


AAA conducted a simulation to measure the driving range of three fully-electric vehicles – a 2013 Nissan Leaf, a 2012 Mitsubishi iMIEV and a 2014 Ford Focus Electric Vehicle – in cold, moderate and hot weather. It tested the vehicles for city driving to mimic stop-and-go traffic between December and January, fully charging each EV, and then "driving" each on a dynamometer in a climate-controlled room until the battery was fully exhausted.Brannon said two of the vehicles, the Mitsubishi and the Ford, were equipped with dedicated management of the battery temperature. "We were expecting that difference would yield differences in the optimal range of the vehicles in extreme temperatures," he said. "It did not."


The likely reason: There's only once source of power in an electric vehicle – the battery. If battery power is being used to heat or cool the battery, it takes power away from the vehicle's range, he said.


AP Exchange Auto Show Nissan Leaf

The average electric vehicle battery range for each full charge in AAA's test was 105 miles at 75 degrees Fahrenheit. That dropped 57% to 43 miles when the temperature was held steady at 20 degrees. Warm temperatures were not as stressful but still delivered a lower average of 69 miles per full charge at 95 degrees, AAA said.


The three vehicles chosen were selected because they're the most widely available electric cars in the USA, Brannon said. "For most Americans, where a round-trip commute is less than 40 miles, the range of the vehicle will not be a problem," he said. "However, if the temperature dips down and you want to take a drive to grandma's house, you might want to think about a charging station along the way."


Among AAA's recommendations: storing the electric car in a garage; monitoring recharge times in colder weather; preheating or cooling the car while it's plugged in to reduce battery drain, and using electric seat heaters to keep warm. more


Electric rickshaws to occupy kolkata roads

\At least five companies including  and engineering major L&T have shown interest to develop rooftop power project in , according to official sources.The companies have enquired about the the request for qualification (RFQ) tender floated by Green Energy Development Company Ltd (), the nodal agency of the state government to develop on grid solar power in the state.“About 4-5 companies have come, including Tata Power and L&T to discuss about the project details. We have not received any written communication from them so far,” said a senior official of Gedcol.

The rooftop solar energy project would cost around Rs 50 crore for installing equipment to generate 5 Mw power. The Gedcol will be providing the money from loan assistance financed by International Finance Corporation (IFC).
The last date for applying to the RFQ proposal of the state undertaking is April 29. The interested bidders would be responsible for operation and maintenance of the project, which will be installed ‘on buildings to be specified by Govt of Odisha in the cities of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack’, the RFQ paper said. The solar project is aimed at reducing ever-increasing power bills of government offices.The government has been criticised by the high court for not clearing large amount of pending power bills in a tariff hike case. more..

Solar driverless car

It’s strange enough to ride around in a self-driving car. But it may be even weirder seeing a car drive itself around with no one inside. That’s what Ford is proposing with its C-Max Solar Energi concept.Originally previewed at the 2014 CES show, the car recently reappeared at the Washington Auto Show, along with Mike Tinskey, Ford’s global director of vehicle electrification and infrastructure, who was there to explain it all. The C-Max Solar Energi concept comes with its own car port, with transparent solar collectors for the roof that effectively act as a bunch of magnifying glasses. Tinskey says the car port can be assembled with common tools by any owner and transported, as necessary. 

The purpose for the car port is to charge the car’s batteries with solar power. That way, the owner wouldn’t necessarily need an electrical outlet to plug in.But the problem with solar-powered cars is that conventional cars don’t offer sufficient surface area to collect enough solar radiation to charge their large batteries. (Tiny dedicated competition solar cars are much more efficient, because they carry only one person, usually lying on their back, and run on bicycle tires. Even the small batteries they use require the entire surface of the car to face up toward the sun and be covered with solar panels—something a traditional car shape, with its vertical sides, wouldn’t allow.)

The C-Max Solar Energi carries a small, 8-kW solar array on its roof that by itself could charge the car in a day, provided there were no clouds and the sun stayed perfectly centered over the car. Any other weather variable would significantly lengthen the charge time. Ford says it has a patent-pending system to deal with that problem.

About 16 feet long, the solar-concentrator is designed to be installed in an east-west orientation. So as the sun moves to the west, the car creeps to the east throughout the day. The car starts out sticking out the west end of the carport, and ends up sticking out the east end of the carport, driving itself more than 30 feet throughout the day to collect maximum solar radiation. From a legal standpoint, that’s the hangup. Would you buy a car that drove itself while you weren’t even there? (To be sure, modern technology allows cars to park nearly autonomously, albeit while you’re sitting behind the wheel with your foot on the brake. So it’s possible for the car to detect obstacles and stop before it hits anything. But this seems like another step out of car owners’ comfort zone.)....more...



* BMW i8 : The most awaited electric car!!


BMW i8 Hybrid Supercar


It’s been five years since the first BMW i8 concept rolled out, so it’s no wonder that initial demand for the plug-in hybrid supercar is outstripping planned production. While BMW isn’t saying how many people are signed up for the i8, they have released the final specs for the German supercar, which includes a surprising bump in efficiency.


The BMW i8 was initially rated at 94 MPGe on the combined European testing cycle, but for the production version the i8 will actually be rated at 112 MPGe. On pure electric power the i8 can go up to 23 miles, and in city driving the plug-in hybrid is rated at 57 MPG. On the highway efficiency plummets to 35 MPG, though the hybrid drivetrain is good for a combined 326 horsepower and a 4.4 second run from 0 to 60 MPH. Top speed is limited to 155 MPH alas, rather than the promised 184 MPH.




With a drag coefficient of 0.26 and and a curb weight of just 3,273 lbs. thanks to a largely carbon fiber body, the BMW i8 is a model of efficiency. The lead-up to rolling out the BMW i8 has seen demand exceed initial planned production for the $136,000 supercar, and why not? Enthusiasts like me have had half a decade to pine over this car, and it is finally, really here AND it’s surprisingly similar to the initial concept vehicle.


In my humble opinion, this is what the future of driving looks like. The only car I would even put in the same class of “futuristic feeling rides” is the Tesla Model S, and there’s still a two-to-three month waiting list for that car. But I think the BMW guys have the Model S beat when it comes to patience. more..


Solar electric Boat race : Monte Carlo cup 2014


The world’s largest solar vessel, PlanetSolar, has been moored for the winter at Cité de la Voile Eric Tabarly in Lorient, France. The PlanetSolar shore team, located at the operational centre in Lausanne, Switzerland, in collaboration with the University of Geneva, is busy preparing for the 2014 expeditions. According to a PlanetSolar news release, the new campaigns will be especially focused on the use of the vessel for scientific purposes.


Planetsolar Prepares for a New Campaign and Diversifies its Activity!


planetsolar 2 2014Wintering in Lorient | 17, March 2014 | © All rights reserved PlanetSolar


At this stage, three exciting and challenging expeditions are being mapped out:


  • Mediterranean
  • West Africa
  • South Atlantic


planetsolar 1 2014


The official launch of this new campaign will take place from 14 to 28 April at Boulogne-sur-Mer, France where the boat will be the guest of honour at the 23rd Festival des Images de Mer (Festival of the Sea Images), organised by the National Sea Centre (NAUSICAA).


The catamaran will then continue its journey toward the Mediterranean Sea. It will return to the Principality of Monaco, where the success of the first solar powered tour of the world was witnessed in 2012. The solar powered vessel will offer its services to the Solar1 Monte Carlo Cup 2014 which will take place in mid-July.


On the heels of success of the 2013 campaign where the MS Tûranor PlanetSolar demonstrated that it could be operated for practical purposes by carrying out, in collaboration with the University of Geneva, a scientific expedition along the Gulf Stream.


The MS Tûranor PlanetSolar is scheduled to head toward Greece after the Solar1 Monte Carlo Cup where the Swiss vessel will resume its role as a scientific platform for the purpose of studying submerged prehistoric landscapes. The catamaran will be involved in conducting undersea research led by archaeologists.


Audi R8 e-tron to give 280 miles driving range

Audi R8 e_tron front left

It  almost didn’t make it to market, the Audi R8 e-tron got a second chance at production, and an Audi executive confirmed as much.. Claiming 280 miles of driving range on a single charge, it sounds like it will go farther than even the much-vaunted Tesla Model S.

The 280 mile figure is more than double the original expected range for the Audi R8 e-tron, which was tentatively rated at 130 miles between charges. In the real world though, tests drives weren’t meeting expectations, and the R8 e-tron project was very nearly killed for good. A new battery pack gave the e-tron a lot more driving flexibility though, and probably helped performance as well, something Audi has been keen to inject into its green vehicles.


Still, Dr. Ulrich Hackenberg said at a recent press conference that the Audi R8 e-tron will only be built in response to customer demand. In other words, you probably can’t just walk into an Audi dealership and drive out in an all-electric R8. It’s also probably going to be crazy-expensive considering the standard Audi R8 starts at $114,900....more...



Amsterdam to have electric taxi: Clean public transport

Amsterdam-based company Taxi Electric will be the first private taxi company to add Nissan’s new model, the e-NV200, to its fleet, according to a recent press release from the company.


Taxi Electric is expected to receive its new 100% electric Nissan e-NV200 taxis sometime shortly after the model’s launch this summer. The company likely won’t remain the only one using the new model for long, though, as the city of Barcelona (where the e-NV200 is being manufactured) has already signed a memorandum of understanding with Nissan to promote the model as a taxi.


 Image Credit: Nissan


The combination of Nissan’s innovative zero-emission technology, in the form of the 100-percent electric Nissan LEAF, and Taxi Electric’s ground-breaking city transportation model have been a recipe for success since the start of operation in 2011. Now the two companies have teamed up again to build on this success and take the next step forward by introducing the game-changing all-electric Nissan e-NV200 taxi this summer.


Amsterdam-based Taxi Electric operates a fleet of 25 Nissan LEAF vehicles. It was the first private taxi service to switch to a fleet of 100% electric taxis in 2011. The Dutch company’s fleet of Nissan LEAFs has now amassed a trouble-free 1.5 million km in taxi operations – proof of the electric vehicle’s high quality and reliability.....more...

Make way for the the most luxurious electric car : royal future


Rolls Royce may have shelved the all-electric 102EX super sedan project it was working on a few years ago, but the decision to go electric may not be up to Rolls. Governments across Europe and China are pushing forward laws to limit the number of internal combustion cars allowed their streets, and some major cities in the UKNorway, and China considering outright bans on non-hybrid cars. If Rolls Royce wants to stay relevant in a post-combustion world, then, it’s got to build a hybrid.


The real question here isn’t whether Rolls Royce will build a hybrid, it’s when.


The answer, oddly enough, is that it’s already building a hybrid in the form of parent company BMW’s ActiveHybrid 7 series. The same 7 series, it should be noted, that serves as the basis for the Rolls Royce Ghost and Rolls Royce Wraith models. The Ghost and Wraith look like this…




… when they’re not wearing their BMW suits.


Assuming BMW decides to simply put a Rolls Royce Ghost body on their existing ActiveHybrid chassis (which would make a ton of sense, really), the hybrid Ghost will deliver some 320 HP between 5800 and 6000 RPM, along with a respectable 330 lb-ft of torque from 1300 to 4500 RPM. So, peak torque would be available from idle all the way to the shift in real-world driving. Not too far off from the old 6.75 liter Rolls engine of the 1970s-1990s, then, and with zero emissions in a “slow traffic gnarl” EV mode.


You can check out Rolls’ last entry into the EV fray the 102EX concept car below, as well as a cutaway drawing of the BMW ActiveHybrid 7 series that will, probably, end up under a Rolls Royce Ghost hybrid 24 hours after Beijing requires it. Enjoy!






Rolls Royce 102EX Plug In


  • rolls_1
  • rolls_1
  • Rolls Royce Hybrid
  • Rolls Royce Hybrid
  • Rolls Royce Hybrid


BMW ActiveHybrid 7


BMW ActiveHybrid 7

Electric cars to be run by " BREATHING BATTERIES"  : new innovation

Scientists are working on a new type of battery to power gen-next electric cars that could be up to three times more efficient than existing ones. With electrical vehicles becoming increasingly popular, researchers at the Mie University in Japan are starting to feel hard-pressed to come up with a new class of batteries, capable of extending the driving range of these cars far beyond their current limits. The breathing battery, researchers led by Professor Nobuyuki Imanishi say, may enable electric cars to travel more than 482 kilometres on a single charge. Regular lithium-ion power storage devices allow a maximum range of around 160 kilometres. 

"Lithium-air batteries are lightweight and deliver a large amount of electric energy. Many people expect them to one day be used in electric vehicles," said Imanishi. The main difference between lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries is that the latter replaces the traditional cathode — a key battery component involved in the flow of electric current — with air. 

The breathing battery, researchers led by Professor Nobuyuki Imanishi say, may enable electric cars to travel more than 482 kilometres on a single charge.Regular lithium-ion power storage devices allow a maximum range of around 160 kilometres. "Lithium-air batteries are lightweight and deliver a large amount of electric energy. Many people expect them to one day be used in electric vehicles," said Imanishi. The main difference between lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries is that the latter replaces the traditional cathode — a key battery component involved in the flow of electric current — with air. That makes the rechargeable metal-air battery lighter with the potential to pack in more energy than its commercial counterpart. One of the main components researchers are working on is the batteries' electrolytes, materials that conduct electricity between the electrodes. 

There are currently four electrolyte designs, one of which involves water. The advantage of this "aqueous" design over the others is that it protects the lithium from interacting with gases in the atmosphere and enables fast reactions at the air electrode. Imanishi's team developed a layered approach, sandwiching a polymer electrolyte with high conductivity and a solid electrolyte in between the lithium electrode and the watery solution. Courtesy

Cheap batteries is key for the future of electric cars

 Elon Musk


News this week, from opposite ends of the planet, that points to the convulsion of change about to hit the global economy. The first report came from Palo Alto, California, headquarters of the Tesla electric car company. Tesla's car produces no carbon emissions (so long as the electricity that charges its batteries is also low carbon). Tesla's chief executive, Elon Musk, announced it would invest in a $4bn-$5bn"gigafactory" doubling the world's production of lithium-ion batteries. These power your mobile phone, but also Tesla's high-end luxury electric cars. The objective is to cut battery prices by 30% in three years, and to halve them by 2020.




Since battery cost is the main obstacle to electric cars, this is potentially game-changing. It would allow electric cars with a 200-mile range to compete with the Ford Mondeo and not just the BMW 5-series (Tesla has already spurred the Bavarian luxury car-maker into an electric response).




Tesla is treading the route first mapped by Henry Ford, whose mass production of the Model T halved the price of US cars. The same happened with computer memory and, more recently, solar panels, whose price collapsed by half in just over a year.




Nor is scale the only likely development in batteries. There is work going on in nanotechnology, making things tiny. This allows a much greater surface within a given size of battery, so that charging will be quicker, and storage capacity higher. If scale and technology work their miracles, cheap batteries will disrupt many more industries than cars.




Most fundamentally, it will make the transition to low-carbon electricity far easier. Renewables like solar and onshore wind are coming down dramatically in price – the industry forecasts they will be cheaper than grid electricity in most of the world by 2025 – but they have a key disadvantage: they do not produce electricity when people want it.




This matters. The UK is typical in having an enormous variation in electricity use through the day, with demand when the kettles go on in the Coronation Street ads nearly double that in the early morning. Wind and solar cannot meet this without a cheap and effective battery solution.




Car batteries can be used to store and then provide electricity when demand peaks. And battery packs in the loft could charge up when the sun shines and the wind blows, and then supply heat, light and boiling water on winter evenings. Tesla's battery plant brings that prospect far closer.MORE


Electric cars and Fuel cell concepts dominate Geneva motor show




Hyundai reveals its fuel cell-powered Intrado concept


Fuel cell concepts have grown into an auto show standard, and the Geneva Motor Show served as the debut platform for the Hyundai Intrado Concept. The concept car is powered by what Hyundai calls a next-generation hydrogen fuel cell system with a 36- kWh lithium-on battery pack that offers up to 373 miles (600 km) of driving range. The car features a simple, streamlined structural and body design that's meant to optimize weight and aerodynamics. The super-lightweight steel body is stripped of the usual decorative trim, and the interior draws attention to functional elements, such as the carbon frame.


The Nanoflowcell Quant e-Sportlimousine shows a new type of electric powertrain in Geneva


A different kind of cell pumps energy through the Nanoflowcell Quant e-Sportlimousine. The radically styled four-seater lays claim to being the first vehicle powered by a flow cell battery. This battery stores energy in tanks of electrolytic solutions, providing easy refueling and an estimated range of between 249 and 373 miles (400 and 600 km), all while backing a 912-hp, four-motor powertrain. Those four motors can team up to slingshot the driver to 62 mph (100 km/h) in 2.8 seconds without capping acceleration until 236 mph (380 km/h).


All the numbers and claims about the Quant e-Sportlimousine scream "vaporware," and we're not so sure Nanoflowcell will actually come through with a testable car, but the Quant certainly provides some interesting food for thought, which is what any good concept car/prototype should do.


Material world


The Biofore Concept Car brings new materials into the spotlight


Lightweight construction through innovative materials was another popular theme in Geneva. The Biofore Concept Car, a project from Finnish biomaterials company UPM, the Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences and a few other partners, is one of the most interesting examples of this approach. The carbon fiber chassis is familiar enough, but from there, the partners take off in new directions, replacing oil-based plastics with more renewable materials. The body is crafted from UPM Formi biocomposite, a recyclable, cellulose fiber-based composite, while the interior features generous use of UPM Grada thermoformable wood, creating a clean, sustainable cockpit that definitely looks like it came from northern Europe.


The partners say that this construction saves about 331 lb (150 kg) over a similarly sized car using more traditional materials. The car's 1.2-liter diesel engine is fueled by UPM BioVerno, a wood-based diesel that is said to cut greenhouse emissions by as much as 80 percent versus traditional fossil fuels. The car is built to be street legal, and its biomaterials can be recycled or burned after its lifecycle is over.


The Biomobile is an ongoing university-level project in lightweight design and efficient t...


Another university project that looks well beyond the edges of the box in terms of materials is the Biomobile. An ongoing project of the University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO) started in 2004, the Biomobile uses natural materials, such as banana and plant fibers, in its construction. It's powered by a Honda GX25 four-stroke engine, more commonly used in lawn and garden equipment. That engine runs on a biofuel made from organic waste, which it sips at a glacial rate of 1,960 US mpg (0.12 L/100 km). As a 55-lb (25-kg), 9.7 x 2 x 1.8-foot (3 x .6 x .5-m), streamliner-like one-seater, it's not exactly a practical design for the roads, but it is an interesting experiment in materials and design techniques. It has a top speed around 19 mph (30 km/h).


Austria's Magna Steyr presents the MILA Blue at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show


The MILA Blue concept car from Austria's Magna Steyr doesn't stray outside the box looking for lightweight materials, relying instead on common materials like aluminum, magnesium and composites. Magna Steyr also cuts out unnecessary material, such as interior plastic trim, and downsizes components, saving some 661 lb (300 kg) over the weight of a typical A-segment vehicle. The concept's compressed natural gas hybrid drive emits less than 49 g CO2/km.


Electric shock


Could the Pariss Roadster be a proper alternative for the old Tesla Roadster?


The Pariss 2013 electric roadster protoype debuted at last year's Geneva Motor Show, so perhaps it's only natural that this year's show brought the Pariss 2014, which offers a similar combination of green driving and electrifying performance as the Tesla Roadster.


The latest Pariss prototype gets a more powerful 241-hp (180-kW), dual-motor drivetrain that sends the two-seater rolling to 62 mph in 3.7 seconds – more than a second quicker than was advertised on the 2013 prototype. Pariss is still estimating 124 miles (200 km) of range, which can be more than tripled up to 435 miles (700 km) with the available 220-lb (100-kg) range extender. A fast-charge system offers battery top-off in as little as an hour. The roadster's length and wheelbase remain the same, but the 2014 prototype weighs about 110 lb (50 kg) more at 1,764 lb (800 kg). Pariss still doesn't mention any production dates, but it does list a price of €80,000 euro (US$111,000).


The Subaru Viziv 2 uses a hybrid AWD powertrain


The icy Subaru Viziv concept from the 2013 Geneva show was back in 2014, in the form of the updated Viziv 2. The new concept SUV gets transformed into four-door format and uses an updated plug-in hybrid AWD system with a 1.6-liter turbo engine, a high-torque-compatible Lineartronic (CVT) transmission, a front motor and two rear motors. Given that this is the third iteration of the Viziv concept that we've seen in one year's time, we expect elements of it – or even the whole shebang – to show up in Subaru's line-up in the future.


The VW Golf GTE is the fifth powertrain alternative in the current Golf line-up


More than just a concept car or an exotic with a "TBA" release date, the Volkswagen Golf GTE revealed in Geneva is a real production car. The model's plug-in hybrid drive adds a fifth powertrain option to the Golf series, which also has gas, diesel, natural gas and electric models. The sporty hybrid hatch gets up to 31 miles (50 km) of all-electric range and 584 total miles (940 km) of total range, courtesy of its plug-in powertrain with 148-hp 1.4-liter turbo TSI engine and 101-hp electric motor. The 8.8-kWh lithium-ion battery charges in 2.5 to 3.5 hours. The plug-in Golf earns its "GT" letters with a 7.6-second 0-62 mph time and 135 mph (217 km/h) top speed.


BMW i3 can connect you to your family?: amazing new feature


I have news for you: Electric cars can do donuts. In a recent test drive inside BMW's new i3 electric car, we tested this theory in a small Austin parking lot. To be fair, we never truly "spun" around, but that's only because I was nervous about breaking a law and the driver cautiously held back.



The electric car, a small four-door, five-seater that gets 80 miles to a charge, is finally coming to the United States early this year — and it already has at least one nifty digital integration that could help make this sporty car more attractive to families. It's designed to help you keep track of, find and communicate with family members wherever they are. Life360, the family locator app that set up our test drive, now has dashboard-level integration with the new BMW i3, along withiPhone and Android handsets.

Life 360 iPhone app


 I have news for you: Electric cars can do donuts. In a recent test drive inside BMW's new i3 electric car, we tested this theory in a small Austin parking lot. To be fair, we never truly "spun" around, but that's only because I was nervous about breaking a law and the driver cautiously held back.

The electric car, a small four-door, five-seater that gets 80 miles to a charge, is finally coming to the United States early this year — and it already has at least one nifty digital integration that could help make this sporty car more attractive to families. It's designed to help you keep track of, find and communicate with family members wherever they are. Life360, the family locator app that set up our test drive, now has dashboard-level integration with the new BMW i3, along withiPhone and Android handsets.more..


 Car of the future or vaporware?: epitome of  technology

Car of the future or vaporware?



One of the wildest cars at the Geneva Motor Show, the Nanoflowcell Quant e-Sportlimousine is a research prototype that's powered by salt water. More accurately, it's powered by a flow battery that uses a special formula of ionic charge-carrying salt water as its storage medium. Not content to just electrify an average powertrain, Nanoflowcell uses its technology to send 912 horses into an all-out frenzy of spinning, smoking rubber.



We now have a clearer picture of Nunzio La Vecchia's energy and supercar ventures than we did when we covered the Quant teaser. La Vecchia began researching alternative energy technologies in 1991, forming NLV Solar in Switzerland seven years later. He turned his attention to auto design in 2003, partnering with Koenigsegg on the original Quant in 2009 and releasing an updated version on his own a year later. Nanoflowcell emphasizes that the cooperation with Koenigsegg ended in 2009, and the 2014 Quant represents an entirely new vehicle concept.

"Following the 2010 Geneva Motor Show, it was decided to pursue a completely new concept, both optically and technically," Nanoflowcell explains. "Every element of the Quant e-Sportlimousine has been developed from the ground up over the last four years: new powertrain, complete redesign, and most importantly, every aspect of the new prototypes are designed with homologation requirements in mind."

The beating heart of the new Quant is its Nanoflowcell power storage, a very specific formulation of flow battery. Flow battery power for vehicle use is being researched elsewhere, as well, but the Quant becomes what Nanoflowcell qualifies as the first actual vehicle powered by it.

Nanoflowcell explains that its technology boasts five to six times the storage capacity of other flow cell designs or lithium-ion batteries, making it primed for vehicular use. It credits that superior energy density to "an extremely high concentration of ionic charge carriers in the cell system’s electrolyte" and translates it into a 249- to 373-mile (400- to 600-km) driving range estimate.

Understandably, Nanoflowcell isn't divulging the full recipe for its flow battery or electrolytes. In its introductory video, it describes the solutions simply as salt water. La Vecchia confirmed that the full truth is a bit more complex, as the electrolytes contain a mix of metal salts and other ingredients.

The high- and low-charge solutions are stored in separate 200-liter tanks in the rear of the Quant, being pumped forward through a central cell, separated from each other by a thin membrane. This creates electricity, which flows into two supercapacitors, where it is stored and managed, released on acceleration to power the four three-phase wheel motors. Nanoflowcell says the flow technology operates with 80 percent internal efficiency.

A diagram of the Nanoflowcell powertrain

The Quant design uses supercapacitors for their ability to release energy quickly, allowing for the sportiest performance, a reason that they've shown up in race cars and concepts like the Toyota Yaris Hybrid R. On the receiving end of that energy, the four motors combine for a very supercar-like 912 hp.

Beyond the robust estimated range, the Nanoflowcell system has other major advantages. When the energy in the electrolyte solutions is used up, the liquids need only be replaced, a process that is similar in ease and quickness to refueling a gasoline car. La Vecchia envisions a future where gas stations or the like will offer seamless flow cell refueling. Nanoflowcell also says that the used liquid can be recharged and used again.

Unlike in lithium-ion batteries, the flow battery's storage capacity does not degrade over time from memory effect. Nanoflowcell claims there are no environmentally damaging components to the electrolytes and says the system does not rely on rare or precious metals.

As with any research vehicle, the Quant's specifications need to be viewed as food for thought, not reliable, rock-solid numbers. Nanoflowcell lists a 2.8-second 0-62 mph (100 km/h) time and a potential 236 mph (380 km/h) top speed. Those numbers come thanks in part to the gobs of torque being cranked at each wheel. The car weighs 5,070 lb (2,300 kg).

In terms of design, La Vecchia and company did an excellent job in making a car that stands out at a show full of wild and exotic designs, without making it so overwrought as to distract from the technological story. You could walk right past many alternatively powered vehicles, never realizing what interesting technology hides underneath plain skins, but you're going to want to stick around and learn more about a car like the Quant.

Nanoflowcell claims the big sports car is capable of hitting 62 mph in just 2.8 seconds

The 5,257-mm concept offers seating for four with gullwing access to the front and rear. The big, roof-hinged doors are reminiscent of the wings on last year's Vauxhall Monza concept.

At the front, the Quant has an interesting combination of arched fenders swooping inward and a distinctive grill and inlet design. A clamshell roof drops gently toward the rear, framing the extended four-person cabin. The rear quarter is defined by the curves of the fenders and double-bubble roof as well as the under-shell-style fascia. The "crystal lake blue" and copper paint job represents the car's liquid-based electrical powertrain.

"It was important to us that, despite its size and unusual dimensions, our four-seater Quant e-Sportlimousine would be a sporty automobile," explains La Vecchia. "The front of the car is convincing, with its pronounced shoulders, self-confident look, and clear lines. Anyone who stands in front of the QUANT e-Sportlimousine will know exactly what I mean."

Ash wood veneers separate the two sides of the cabin

The interior is arguably even more visually interesting than the body. The richly grained ash wood sweeps through the center of the seats, wrapping passenger-side and driver-side occupants in separate tubs. The wood appears solely decorative, but just underneath are integrated touch controls and LED lighting.

"The wood surfaces are so thin that a light touch of the finger on the Sensorflow icons triggers the appropriate action," says La Vecchia. "This innovation allows us use a sustainable material like wood to give you a direct connection to the digital control systems."

Lights and controls lurk just below the wood surfaces

The RGB LED light strips represent the car's linear flow of electricity, providing a visual reminder of the ions popping free below. A floating "widescreen" dashboard and leather trim finish off the clean, stylish look. In place of the tachometer, the Quant has a torque indicator that shows readings for all four motors. The display also provides real-time information from the energy management system.

The Quant's infotainment system is built atop an Android platform, and an accompanying smartphone app connects to provide remote information, offer remote control, and act as a sort of access key when docked, allowing the car to start. During the drive, the smartphone becomes a touchscreen control for the infotainment system.

After chatting briefly with La Vecchia in Geneva, and getting up to speed on some of his past ventures, we're left with the impression that he's articulate and passionate but overly consumed with image and style.

Nanoflowcell purportedly has decades of research behind it, but only three months separate the company's founding from this week's proclamation about something of a holy grail of energy storage. We watched La Vecchia walk out with a meticulously styled pompadour and pristine, black-on-black three-piece and make big promises for a couple years down the road, a couple of years after walking the same Geneva ground with the original Quant. La Vecchia's music career and research experience described as "years of intense, private study covering a broad spectrum of academic knowledge" don't add a lot of confidence.

Nunzio La Vecchia and the Quant e-Sportlimousine

Then again, La Vecchia's not hawking preorders on Kickstarter, and he readily admits that this is a research vehicle that may or may not pave the way for a production car. He's convinced Bosch Engineering that the Quant is a project worth teaming up on, and the current focus is entirely on further developing and testing the flow cell powertrain and pursuing road homologation for the system.

"The whole car is built with all the rules of [European] homologation," La Vecchia told us. "The design, the structure of the car, the monocoque of the car – everything is based on homologation. The only one thing that we didn't homologate is the flow battery. We need some more time."

La Vecchia believes that the homologation process could be complete by 2015 or 2016, which gives him a couple of years to prove that the Quant is more than just a fancy concept car powered by vapor tech. He plans to build several more prototypes for research and testing by the end of this year.

At the very least, the premiere of this car should stimulate more conversation about the future of flow cells, both in automobiles and other areas. Nanoflowcell mentions that its technology has wide-reaching potential for applications such as domestic energy, where other flow cells are already in use, and aerospace. The Quant e-Sportlimousine is also a pretty cool concept car, vaporware or not. We'll be keeping an eye on Nanoflowcell, but we're not going to strain our vision.

The video below highlights La Vecchia's flash-over-substance approach, but it is a quick, fun watch. Courtesy: gizmodo


 Nissan Leaf dominates electric car sales in the US : February 2014

Analysts worried that winter weather would put a crimp in U.S. new-car sales last month, but one electric car racked up record February sales: the Nissan Leaf.

Leaf sales of 1,425 cars in February were a record for the month, more than double the 2013 total of 653 February sales (the numbers for 2012 and 2011 were 478 and 67, respectively).

Sales of the Chevrolet Volt, the range-extended electric car that's the other high-volume, mass-priced plug-in car on the market, came in at 1,210--higher than January's 918, but down one-third from the 1,626 sold in February 2013.

Volt sales appear to be stagnating, with slightly fewer sold in 2013 than 2012, and very little marketing for the car from parent company General Motors.

MORE: Here's Why Electric Cars Will Succeed: Owners Just Adore Them

Nissan was so proud of its February sales results that it issued them earlier than usual today--kicking off two days of sales reports from major automakers.

Its achievement represented 12 straight months of year-over-year sales increases for the world's most popular battery-electric vehicle.

Nissan said its top two markets were the San Francisco Bay Area and Atlanta, with Los Angeles, Seattle, and Portland making up the rest of its top five.

MORE: Has U.S. Demand For The Tesla Model S Electric Car Stabilized?

The third best-selling electric car is the Tesla Model S, whose maker refuses to report monthly sales. A conservative monthly figure for U.S. sales might be 1,000 or 1,200 units.


2012 Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid, Catskill Mountains, NY, Oct 2012

2012 Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid, Catskill Mountains, NY, Oct 2012

Plug-in hybrids

Following the Leaf, Volt, and Model S in sales are a trio of plug-in hybrid models: the Ford C-Max and Fusion Energi models, whose sales have risen steadily over the past year, and the Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid, which has so far outsold the Model S in total.

Sales of the Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid rose to 1,041 from January's 803, and were significantly higher than the 693 sold in February 2013.

Ford delivered 552 C-Max and 779 Fusion Energi plug-in hybrid models, both numbers higher than January's but lower than in December 2013.

The Honda Accord Plug-In Hybrid, the fourth model in the group and a direct competitor for the Ford Fusion Energi mid-size sedan, sold 24 units in February, down on January's 27 and only half the sales level it averaged in the final nine months of 2013.

Compliance and low-volume cars

Today's sales report will be rounded out by a growing number of other plug-in electric vehicles that also sell in low numbers.

These include both compliance cars and models that, for various reasons, simply don't reach sales of more than 200 per month.

MORE: Buying An Electric 'Compliance Car'? Think Hard About Servicing First

In the luxury segment, we have the new Cadillac ELR range-extended electric sport coupe and the Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid four-door luxury sedan.

Last month, Cadillac sold 58 ELRs, bringing its two-month total to 99 units. Meanwhile, Porsche sold 57 plug-in hybrid Panameras, bringing that car's total for the year to 198--precisely twice that of the Cadillac.

The compact models include the Ford Focus Electric, which sold 129 units (down from 158 in February 2013), and the Toyota RAV4 EV--of which 101 were delivered last month, up sharply on January's 63 units and the highest monthly total since last September.

As for subcompact, and minicars, Mitsubishi pulled off the remarkable trick of tripling its sales of the i-MiEV from January to February. The company sold exactly one electric minicar in January, and 3 last month. Still won't move the needle much. more...



Halo Electric car : Mahindra's biggest bet??


The Halo, the electric sports car concept that Mahindra & Mahindra showcased at this month's Auto Expo, is more than a mere showpiece already.


Mahindra's electric vehicle unit, Mahindra Reva, is already testing various parameters of Halo prototypes and a production design of India's first locally developed electric sports car is not very far, say people with knowledge of the matter. That would be a big leap for Mahindra Reva, which has had limited success with the E2O small car that it launched about a year ago.


  (Mahindra Reva, is already testing various parameters of Halo prototypes and a production design of Indias first locally developed electric sports car is not far.)

"It is our next big bet. If it passes the feasibility tests, the Halo has the potential of creating an all new affordable sports car segment," Mahindra Reva Chief Executive Chetan Maini told ET. "It not only has a huge potential in the markets of Europe, where the awareness and acceptability is much higher, in India it could help us to break some myths of performance."

Auto makers use concept cars to gauge consumer reaction to new technologies and styling. Such show cars usually undergo many changes before a production design is finalised. Mahindra Reva says the vehicle, when it reaches the production stage, would break the myth that electric cars can't deliver on power and performance.

The two-door, two-seat vehicle will be capable of traveling 200 kms on a full charge and attaining a top speed of 160 kmph, claims the company. Acceleration from 0 to 100 kmph is expected to take just 7-8 seconds.

The car is likely to be priced at a tenth of the price of electric sports cars globally. According to a company executive, it could cost Rs 20 lakh to Rs 25 lakh.

The customer can expect a highperformance sporty car with highend features and safety systems at competitive prices, Maini said.

Mahindra Reva promises a host of advance "connectivity" features, user interfaces and high-performance drive trains and battery technologies. It will be capable of being fast charged as well as being charged with solar energy.

The car would be made on the locally developed NXG platform using light composite material. It would also feature an advanced energy management system.

Mahindra Reva plans to add programmable features in the car to make them more appealing. "We intend to offer the car which the user can programme, right from braking, handling, acceleration according to his own preferences," Maini explained.

The company is looking forward to gain from its plan to participate in the 1st Formula E Championship to be held in the second half of 2014.

"It will be a great platform for the company to trickle down development done for Formula E for the commercial purpose," Maini said.

Mahindra Reva had invested a little over Rs 100 crore in developing its small electric car E2O. The cost to develop the Halo will be higher, but it may not be dramatically higher when compared with other global sports cars or conventional cars, Maini said. Courtesty:ET

Renault Electric race car debuts at las vegas strip

A new kind of race car is making its debut with cartoonishly loud revving, the smell of burning rubber, and not a trace of exhaust. 

That's because the new FIA Formula E Championship car is all electric. The championship is the first series exclusively for electric cars. 

Organizers gave racing aficionados their first glimpse of the car in action Monday at a makeshift racetrack outside the Mandalay Bay hotel-casino on the Las Vegas strip. 

Brazilian driver Lucas di Grassi showed off the capabilities of the Spark-Renault SRT_01E Formula E car, pulling off tight turns, breathtaking accelerations and sudden stops. 

Formula E CEO Alejandro Agag says the aim of the championship is to encourage people around the world to embrace zero-emissions vehicles. more..





 Solar- Powered Car to be launched by Ford

Aside from the solar cars that participate in Australia's Solar Challenge race, society hasn't seen much in the way of cars powered by the sun.But now Ford is exploring solar charging with its concept car, the C-Max Solar Energi, which uses solar power to directly charge the plug-in hybrid's battery pack.

                                                    If you're hoping this car charges on the go, you'll be disappointed; it's still designed to charge when parked up.But the concept is a unique one. Rather than plugging in your C-Max Energi each time you stop, you park below a special solar concentrator with Fresnel circular lenses. This magnifies the sun's rays onto the roof of the car, which is covered by solar panels.The normal sunlight is boosted by a factor of eight, allowing the relatively small roof-mounted solar array of SunPower cells to gather enough light during a day's charging for a full battery top-up, or 21 miles of EPA-rated electric range.more..


Electric vehicles won't rule the road until at least 2040, says US government



According to the Department of Energy, gasoline powered vehicles will still make up for the vast majority of vehicles on the road even in the year 2040. The department's Energy Information Administration (EIA) is forecasting in its 2014 Annual Energy Outlook that the market share of gasoline powered cars and trucks will witness a mere 4 percent downfall, from today's 82 percent to 78 percent, by 2040..courtesy





It may be hard to believe, but a battery-powered electric car worked pretty similarly to the way any other electric device works--just with a much, much bigger battery.

Modern electric cars have a lithium-ion battery pack composed of smaller cells that are grouped into what are called modules. Most electric cars use large-format cells--between 100 and 200 of them--but Tesla electric cars from the Silicon Valley startup take a different approach. They use thousands of much smaller cells, very similar to those in your laptop. Here's the difference, though: Your laptop may use 6 or 9 such cells, while a Tesla uses 5,000 or more.

The battery pack is usually mounted low down in the car, to keep its substantial weight close to the ground. In some cars--the Nissan Leaf and Tesla Model S, for example--it's actually thin and flat, and mounted underneath the passenger compartment.

The battery powers an electric motor that actually turns the driven wheels of the car. There's a differential with a reduction gear, but no transmission, since electric motors can run at a far wider range of speeds than a gasoline engine can. That means no transmission is required to match the engine's speed of peak output to the road speed--which makes electric cars much simpler to engineer.

The electric motor not only powers the car but also converts into a generator to recharge the battery as the car glides or the driver puts on the brakes. Electric cars are far more efficient than gasoline cars, even hybrids, and this so-called regenerative braking can recapture up to one-third of the energy expended to put the car into motion in the first place.

Beside the battery pack and the electric motor, there's a third set of electrical devices, collectively known as the power electronics. These are heavy-duty circuits and other components that change the voltage of the electricity used by different components, and also convert it from Alternating Current (AC) to Direct Current (DC) and vice versa. These include an onboard charger that takes wall current from the charging plug and converts it to the right kind of electricity to recharge the battery pack.

Those three sets of components make up pretty much the entire powertrain of an electric car. There are usually one or more radiators that shed heat from liquid coolant that circulates through the battery, motor, and power electronics to keep them all operating at their best temperature--which will considerably lengthen their life. Like people, electric-car batteries tend to want to stay around 70 degrees Fahrenheit.COURTESY




India’s electric vehicle push needs power





Anyone who has driven through the smog-choked streets of New Delhi, or the bumper-to-bumper honking cacophony that passes for driving in much of Mumbai and Bangalore from anywhere between 9am to 9pm knows that India could use both cleaner and quieter cars.

On Wednesday, the government seemed to acknowledge that fact, approving a $4.1bn plan that aims to put 6m green vehicles on India’s streets by 2020. There’s just one problem: power.

The goal – which is likely to include 4m-5m two-wheelers – puts India on a similar, though perhaps more ambitious, track as China, which aims to have 500,000 electric and hybrid cars on its roads by 2016.

But those drivers on India’s traffic-clogged roads may also have seen some of the streetlights switched off in the middle of the night. The great Indian blackout is still fresh in the mind. To analysts, the electric vehicle push – however noble the intentions – makes little sense without an initial, stronger push for greater infrastructure.

“I’ve always been of the opinion that more than the electric vehicles it’s the infrastructure that needs to be fixed – what’s the point of incentivising electric vehicles if you don’t have the infrastructure to support those vehicles?” said Deepesh Rathore, head of IHS Automotive in India. “If our grids don’t have the power to supply households, how will they supply power for cars?”

Indeed, that’s likely the question the nearly 700m people who lost power during the world’s biggest blackout last month, or the 300m on an average day go without power in India, are asking themselves. In Delhi – the country’s centre of power and the city with perhaps the best infrastructure – even the political elites keep diesel generators handy to deal with the constant threat of power outages.

When even India’s rich can’t get a hold of something routinely denied to the less fortunate, you know something is wrong.

But Naveen Munjal, president of the Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicle said the government is going to focus on cultivating technology that allows these vehicles to be charged using renewable energy.

“R&D [funding] is going to focus on trying to use renewable power to power these vehicles,” he said. “We’ve already done work on solar panels to charge electric vehicles – we’ve done that, but just need to get the investment.”

The company that is likely to benefit most from the new program – and the renewal of a 20 per cent government subsidy on electric and hybrid vehicle purchases – is Mahindra & Mahindra, whose electric model, Reva, saw sales plummet from around 60 per month to 20-25 after the subsidy lapsed in March.

Chetan Maini, chief technology officer at Mahindra, said the new program will not simply offer subsidies, but takes a more all-round approach, including building up a supplier ecosystem and a renewable-energy based infrastructure.

“It’s a holistic program,” he said. “This is important – [the problem is] being attacked through all the stakeholders to allow this to happen.”

Now if only someone could come up with a vehicle that operated without a horn, India would be set. source







Indian EV Maker Reva Opens Ultra-Green Factory



 It sounds a little odd, given India’s recent electricity troubles, but a new and very green dedicated electric-car factory has opened in the country.

The plant – in Bangalore, in the south, far from the northern and eastern grid collapses – is the work of Mahindra Reva, the company formed when the giant Mahindra group gobbled up Reva Electric Car Company, which began selling the Reva electric vehicle way back in 2001.

Mahindra Reva plant, Bangalore

image via Mahindra Reva

The plant is set to produce up to 30,000 vehicles a year, Mahindra Reva said in a press release [PDF] that accompanied the opening of the plant. It didn’t say anything about the vehicle that will roll off the line there when operations begin next month, but CarTrade.comreported earlier this week on the Mahindra Reva NXR, a two-door hatchack. The report gave no price for the vehicle, but said it would “compete with the upcoming Nissan Leaf in India.”

The Leaf isn’t currently sold in India, but in a recent interview with IndianCarsBikes, Nissan’s managing director in India said “the car would do a limited run in Chennai, to assess its suitability for the Indian car market.”

Other Indian media reported that Mahindra Reva will quickly look beyond the Indian market, with plans to sell the NXR in the United Kingdom, Germany and Scandanavian countries in the next 12 to 18 months. The company, or at least its forerunner, has a history in Europe: In 2004, Reva launched the G-Wiz, a smart fortwo lookalike, in the U.K., and the car is said to be the U.K.’s best-selling electric car of all time, with some 1,200 sold in the London area.

Mahindra Reva has adopted the slogan “Future of Mobility,” and the introduction of the Bangalore factory featured a lot of talk about its green qualities.

“The new manufacturing plant is, in a way the first tangible proof point of the Future of Mobility,” the company’s chairman, Pawan Goenka, said in a statement. “This is the first purpose-built, ground-up EV plant in India, the first manufacturing plant to get Indian Green Building Council platinum rating, the first plant where cars get their first fill using solar power. In fact, this plant will consume the least amount of energy per car build, with one-third of this energy coming from solar power.”

Among the green features of the plant, in addition to the solar power, according to the company: skylights that reduce electricity consumption; 100 percent LED lighting; and onsite rain harvesting and treatment and reuse of grey water.

With the opening, the company also touted some new charging technologies, although it wasn’t clear exactly what its plans were for these. It talked about something called “Quick2Charge,” described as a charging mechanism “by which the car can be charged in 15 minutes to run 25 kms, thereby providing customers with increased convenience.” And, it said, “In order to tap and use the abundant solar energy for mobility, Mahindra Reva has designed a personal charging unit called ‘Sun2Car’ which will provide free and clean energy for the lifetime of the car, making it a very cost-effective solution.” source








Mahindra prepares for new electric car launch

Mahindra Reva Electric Vehicles is ready to begin production of its follow-up to the G-Wiz electric car, with the opening of a new manufacturing facility in Bangalore, India.

The new NXR electric car, while still compact, looks more like an ordinary car compared to the small G-Wiz. Still classed as a quadricycle, the new NXR at least offers more for the modern car buyer including four seat and improved interior space. There will be a choice of battery packs too; with either lead acid or lithium ion batteries available. A driving range, according to exact vehicle specification will vary from around 30 to 100 miles, says

Mahindra Reva's new plant with the NXR electric car

The new manufacturing facility plant is set to produce up to 30,000 electric vehicles a year, with the new NXR expected to arrive in Indian dealerships by October/November this year, before arriving in Europe in 2013.

Mahindra Reva was formed when the Mahindra Mahindra Group bought G-Wiz makers; the  Reva Electric Car Company in 2010.

Announcing the new manufacturing facility, Dr. Pawan Goenka, chairman of the Mahindra Reva Electric Vehicles said,: “EVs are being seen as a serious alternative to fossil fuel driven cars and Mahindra wants to take a lead in developing the EV segment and the surrounding ecosystem. The new manufacturing plant is, in a way the first tangible proof point of the Future of Mobility – this is the first purpose-built, ground-up EV plant in India, the first manufacturing plant to get IGBC platinum rating, the first plant where cars get their first fill using solar power.”

Mahindra also showcased some new EV technologies as it opened the plant, including the ‘Quick2Charge’ system by which the car can be charged in 15 minutes to run 25 km (15 miles). In order to make use of solar energy, Mahindra Reva has also designed a personal charging unit called ‘Sun2Car’ which will provide free and clean to electric models. Finally a ‘Car 2 Home’ system makes it possible to use energy from the car to power a house-great in India, where recent electricity blackouts left much of northern India in the dark, at one point depriving more than 600 million people of power.





Vehicles run on fossil fuel keep increasing and emerging economies like India, China are disregarding it’s environmental implications. Electric vehicles, solar-propelled vehicles and other mode of non-pollutant vehicles alone can save the future.

It seems frustrating. While on one hand scientific evidence of Earth’s protective veneer getting destroyed due to spiraling pollution is clear to the world and talks are being held among nations to reduce pollutants, automobile production is growing in leaps and bound. Today, we have one car for every seven people.

Production of passenger vehicles (cars and light vehicles) rose from 74.4 million in 2010 to 76.8 million in 2011 — and 2012 may bring an all-time high of 80 million or more vehicles, according to new research conducted by the Worldwatch Institute. Global sales of passenger vehicles increased from 75.4 million to 78.6 million over the same period, with a projected 81.8 million in 2012, writes report author and Worldwatch senior researcher Michael Renner.

The major driver of increased production and sales are the economies, especially China and India. “Rising sales translate into ever-expanding fleets. An estimated 691 million passenger cars were on the world’s roads in 2011. When both light-and heavy-duty trucks are included, the number rises to 979 million vehicles, which was 30 million more than just a year earlier.

By the end of 2012, the global fleet could top 1 billion vehicles,” says Michael.

Electric vehicle (EV) production remains at barely perceptible levels. Although several countries have issued targets for future EV fleets, it remains to be seen whether these goals can be met. China, for instance, wants to put 5 million plug-in hybrid-electric and fully electric vehicles on its roads by 2020 — which could account for more than 40 per cent of the global EV fleets that year.

An analysis by Deutsche Bank Climate Advisors, however, suggests that production of 1.1 million EVs and a fleet of 3.5 million in China is a more realistic projection.

“Automobiles are major contributors to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions,” said Renner.

“Greater fuel efficiency, along with the use of cleaner fuels, can help mitigate these impacts, although increases in the numbers of cars and the distances driven threaten to overwhelm fuel economy advances,” he added.


  • The passenger vehicle fleet in China grew at an annual average rate of 25 per cent during 2000-11, from fewer than 10 million cars to 73 million cars.
  • The top four producers of light vehicles — China, USA, Japan, and Germany — together account for more than half of the global output.
  • Hybrid vehicles are growing in number, but they remain below 2 per cent of the total vehicle output.

Deadly facts

  1. Approx. 1.3 million people get killed on roads every year.
  2. 70 per cent of air pollution in Chinese cities is from cars and trucks.
  3. Obesity is linked to high levels of car and truck pollution — diesel busses and trucks are the worst.
  4. Cars pollute the air, water and land.
  5. Cars of China and the USA alone produce close to half of the world’s carbon dioxide.

What should be done?

  1. Drive an electric car.
  2. Drive less. Walk more and gain health.
  3. Start a No Driving Day once a week.
  4. Walk, bike, take the bus or train whenever possible.
  5. Save your petrol-powered car for long trips.



The Germany based leading car maker Volkswagen has said that rolling-out electric cars in the Indian auto market is a major challenge, as the electric cars requires big infrastructure which is still not in place in the Indian market.

Introducing electric cars in India requires big infrastructure: Volkswagen India


Electric car market infrastructure is a  business opportunity. There is this battery charging stations. Park and charge stations. Charging systems at home.

Quick charging systems. Battery charging and recharging services. Solar energy battery charging. etc., are some of the opportunities. Dealership for battery exchange is another.

Energy storage for electric cars is a big business opportunity in india.   While further speaking on the matter, Mr. Dietmar Hildebrrandt, Volkswagen Group Service Director said that Indian is a high potential market and the company would gear –up to introduce the new vehicles including the electric cars. He was speaking at the inauguration ceremony of Volkswagen Group Technical Education programme which is organized to train technicians.

In the last six months, the company has registered a sales growth of over 10 percent over the same period last year. The firm is now looking forward to train more technicians to serve the customers better. Volkswagen India will be opening a centralized training center in Pune in October 2012. There has been a huge investment from the company’s side in the training facilities in India in recent months.

At present, the company has 200 dealerships across the country and planning to double this count over the period of next five years.source



Indian Gov't to Invest $2.95 Billion to Promote E-Drive Adoption

* India to invest Rs 13,000 cr on  Electric cars Hybrids

Mahindra REVA EV plant awarded Green Factory platinum rating



*"The government will put in around Rs 13,000 crore till 2020. This is mainly to incentivise the sector to attract private players," a senior official from the Department of Heavy Industries told PTI.

The earmarked amount will be utilised for setting up R&D centres apart from various other activities, including giving tax benefits.

According to sources, the Department of Heavy Industries has also decided to include a clause in the draft National Mission for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (NMHEV) suggesting PSU banks to offer loans to customers for purchasing electric vehicles (EVs). 

These incentives will help in cutting down the production costs of such vehicles as these are already very expensive compared to the traditional fuel-based vehicles, he added.

"In next three months, we will send the proposal to the Cabinet for its approval ... This investment will help the government to save Rs 27,000 crore on fuel costs," the official said.

Countries like the UK, France and Germany give such types of incentives to promote hybrid and EVs, he added.

Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises is drafting the NMHEV in consultation with various stakeholders of the automobile industry. The first meeting took place on May 11, 2011, and about 25 sittings have taken place so far, deliberating various issues.

Talking about financing for purchasing such vehicles, an industry source said: "Currently, no financing facility is available for purchasing EVs. Many lower-middle class families are buyers of two-wheeler EVs that have very minimal operational costs. The government may give a directive to PSU banks to give loans to such buyers."

It is understood that under the NMHEV, it would be made mandatory for all upcoming housing complexes across the country to have charging points for electric vehicles.

"It is proposed that no drawing will be passed by the Ministry of Urban Development if there is no charging socket planned at the parking space," a source said.

Besides, NMHEV will also advise the Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India to develop and produce components for alternate fuel-driven vehicles to reduce shortages of parts.

Sources further said the government also will create EV zones in certain "highly polluted" cities as pilot projects to promote environment friendly mode of transportations.

"The NMHEV will mainly provide demand-centric incentives to customers. These will be given to the manufacturers for passing on to the buyers, based on many parameters such as fuel efficiency and carbon emission standards," a source said.

During the Budget for 2011-12, the government had proposed to set up the NMHEV to encourage manufacturing and selling of alternative fuel-based vehicles.

Leading manufacturers like Hero Electric, Maruti Suzuki, General Motors, Tata Motors, Toyota Kirloskar Motor and Mahindra & Mahindra are part of this entire process.

In December 2010, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) had announced a Rs 95 crore incentive package for the remaining part of the 11th Plan. The scheme, which ended in March 31, 2012, envisaged incentives of up to 20 per cent on the ex-factory prices of vehicles, subject to a maximum limit.

The cap on the incentive was Rs 4,000 for low speed two-wheelers, Rs 5,000 for high speed two-wheelers, Rs 60,000 for seven seater three-wheeler and Rs one lakh for a car.

With the financial assistance scheme ending, the EV segment has seen sales dropping by over 75 per cent, leading to 275 dealers closing shops in the last 2-3 months.

Some of the leading electric two-wheeler manufacturers include Hero Electric, Avon Cycles, BSA Motors and Lohia Auto.  source


Honda’s New Electric Car Comes with a Nifty Perk: Free Insurance


* Five real world facts about Electric cars

(1) Electric cars have arrived, but the pace of adoption will be slow. 2) There are several different types of cars that plug in, and their electric ranges vary. (3) In the early years, most charging will be done in garages attached to private homes. (4) You have to consider where and how you use your car(s) if you consider buying electric.(5) Electric cars are cheaper to “fuel” per than gasoline cars, and they have a lower carbon footprint too—even on dirty grids. source




*Gov delays Rs 32 cr payment as EV incentive for fy12


Electric vehicle manufacturers have sought from the government Rs 32 crore which they have passed on as incentives to customers till the end of last fiscal year.


With the government's financial assistance to electric vehicles ending on March 31 this year, the segment has seen sales dropping by over 75 per cent, leading to 275 dealers closing shops in the last 2-3 months.


"We had kept on passing the incentives to consumers till the last date of the scheme. As on March 31, 2012, an outstanding amount of Rs 32 crore is to be received from the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)," Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles (SMEV) Director Sohinder Gill told PTI. As per the scheme started by the MNRE in December 2010, the government was to provide financial incentive for each electric vehicle sold in India during the remaining part of the 11th Plan, which were 2010-11 and 2011-12.


Besides, the introduction of the National Electric Vehicle Policy, which is being drafted by the Ministry of

Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, has also led to stopping of the MNRE scheme as two government incentive programmes on the same sector cannot continue simultaneously.


According to Gill, though "MNRE wanted to help" it could not as funds from the Finance Ministry never came to the MNRE. more




This blog like other blogs here is written in such a way that u will get the latest latest news on Electric mobility in INdia, electric cars in india, news about electric cars, charging evs, etc.,

But as u go down, you will get more info about the market for electric cars in india, battery charging network, battery manufacturers in india.



*    India's Tata Group, in collaboration with France's Dassault Systemes, is planning to launch a new electric car which is expected to be offered at a price of about $20,000.


Tata eMO


The group's IT services wing Tata Technologies has completed the electric vehicle (EV) feasibility study known as the eMO (for electric MObility) using Dassault's 3DEXPERIENCE Platform.

According to Tata, the eMO study was carried out to explore the feasibility of developing an EV at an affordable price, along with requirement to equip all the vehicle systems into a small footprint, while preserving spacious seating for four adults.

Tata Motors, the group's passenger car divsion had developed an electric version of Indica Vista in 2010, which was thought to go on sale in the UK, Norway and Denmark by 2011. source

*   India Could Make Affordable Electric Cars a Reality

From the i MiEV to the Tesla Model S. Currently the most expensive electric car gives you the best performance, up to 160 miles starting at around $50,000 or so, climbing to 300 miles at under $70,000 with options up to $100,000. At the other end of the spectrum, the Mitsubishi i MiEV comes in at the most affordable price, shy of $30,000. Both these cars and others can have a further reduction of $7,500 in federal incentives, as well as other state and local incentives if applicable. Nonetheless, the cheapest Tesla Model S is over $40,000 and in some cases the Mitsubishi i MiEV close to $17,000.


What this means is that the holy grail of electric cars could come from one of the oldest surviving culture in the world, India. But how will they do this and at what price? The company says it is working to leverage its global engineering team talents to meet design and cost constraints at under $20,000.

In order to do this, all systems will have to fit into a small footprint, while maintaining spacious seating for four adults. Think the original Mini here. By using the Dassault simulation software, CATIA and ENOVIA, it will quickly develop various further studies that would allow for a global collaboration to evaluate and converge on optimal solutions. In other words, the simulation will optimize ways to develop and build an affordable electric car.

So this leaves us again with two questions. Does Tata have enough money to spend on research in order to build an “affordable” car and how will it make a profit on it? The other is, is sub-$20,000 affordable enough for most people in this recession? Those are questions that we can only answer individually, based on our incomes and budgets, but if Tata does succeed in building a sub-$20,000 with enough range, say 100 miles, than it stands a chance to revolutionize the mass adoption of electric cars. source


* Plug in Electric Vehicles, PEV, Plug in hybrid electric vehicles PHEV

 Automotive manufacturers are looking to move plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) from expensive early adopter vehicles to more of a mass market mode of personal transportation. Following several years of significant investment in engineering development and marketing resources, the PEV market was launched in 2011 with production volume of more than 20,000 PEVs, an all-time record for such vehicles. Yet, with a better understanding of the practical challenges of launching new models and expanding PEV sales to mainstream consumers unfamiliar with the technology, especially coming off of a global economic recession, optimism waned.

As battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are purchased in greater numbers over the next few years, Pike Research's analysis indicates that significant regional differences in adoption patterns will emerge. For example, while PHEVs will outsell BEVs in North America, the converse is true in Europe and Asia. Meanwhile, auto manufacturer strategies continue to evolve. The lion's share of OEMs making PEVs are doing so at a very measured pace, carefully vetting new technologies and consumer preferences with a sharp focus on regional differences in demand. All are optimistic about the long-term prospects for the PEV sector, but the industry remains cautiously focused on growing at the pace of market demand.This Pike Research report examines the global market landscape for PHEVs and BEVs including a detailed analysis of market drivers and barriers, technology issues, policy and regulatory factors, and the competitive landscape of OEMs and key suppliers

Why Use Rooftop Solar Panels to Power Your Electric Vehicle?

Solar cells stand to place an increasingly prominent role in augmenting the practicality of electric cars.  In theory, the idea of using solar panels to charge electric cars seems a perfect combination. The sun is the planet’s greatest source of free energy and anyone with the capacity to harness it is at an advantage. The reality is of course more complicated: Since most people are out during the day, the car will be away from the domestic panels used to charge them. At night, when the car will be parked unused, there is no sunlight with which to charge the car. However, this is a straightforward problem to work around. Instead of the solar panels linking directly to the car, they can instead be used to charge a battery bank when the car is in use. When the car is parked at home, the battery can then be used to recharge the car. SolarCity, one of the largest solar leasing companies, has recently begun offering such battery banks as a promotion to their customers -  ostensibly as a back up source of electricity in the event of a power outage – but likely also spying a gap in the market to be a provider of such equipment. An alternative is that the panels are instead used to feed the electricity grid during the day, then when the car is plugged in at night the power is taken straight back from the grid. This often has an added monetary advantage to it, since through net-metering, electricity is typically charged more cheaply at night.  Then from a financial standpoint, you’re effectively getting out more than you put in.  Don’t plan on making big bucks on such an arrangement though – most utilities in the US will only allow you to generate credits to your bill instead of out-and-out revenue from net-metering. Cities Play Catch Up
Despite the future of automotive efficiency lying very firmly in the solar panel/electric car combo, if everyone suddenly adopted the practice the situation would quickly become untenable. The electrical infrastructure of cities doesn’t currently possess the capacity to support an entire block’s worth of electric cars all charging at the same time, as charging an electric car can consume up to three times as much power as an average household. For this reason it may be worth  considering making the investment before your neighbors do. If you wait too long, there could well be a fight over who has the right to utilize what power the local grid is able to muster. It will likely be some time before the necessary upgrades are made that will allow for the increased current that the vehicles will demand. The catch-22 is that upgrades are unlikely to be initiated until there has been enough uptake of electric vehicles to demand such improvements. Another issue is if you park on the curb rather than in a garage, you’ll be a fair distance from where you can actually plug your car in to charge. Unless you want to trail a few dozen feet of power cables down the sidewalk, it will be difficult to maneuver your vehicle into a position where it can be charged.However, things are slowly changing for the better. Many cities are introducing specialized parking spaces reserved for electric cars that also provide a socket to charge your vehicle while it’s parked. In the San Francisco Bay Area, which is home to the three largest suppliers of solar panel installations, there are areas with very high concentrations of such spaces, making electric cars not only viable, but also practical. more 28/6/12
* The Hidden Value In Electric Vehicle Infrastructure 27/6/12* Baker Electric Inc. Announces 400th EV Charging Station


Electric Mobility for Wheelchair Users

*Audi A3 e-tron Prototype: First Drive Video (Exclusive), Gallery 1


Unlike other carmakers--including BMW with its ActiveE program--Audi has chosen to use only in-house drivers to test the fleet of electric A3 e-tron prototypes it has brought to the U.S.

So we're pleased to be among the few media outlets to drive an Audi A3 e-tron, one of just 17 such cars in North America.

Our short 45-minute test drive in the heart of New York City including both urban stop-and-go traffic and some freeway driving at speeds up to (and perhaps beyond) the legal limit on Manhattan's winding and unpredictable FDR Drive along the East River.

Almost production ready

To sum it up, the prototype A3 e-tron we drove felt like a production-ready vehicle, solid, relatively well sorted, and all but ready for showrooms.

Audi also told us that the first A3 with a plug will actually be a plug-in hybrid version, which will be offered as a high-end version of the all-new Audi A3 that will arrive for 2014.


Audi A3 e tron video


First Drive of Audi A3 etron video 

As part of the global testing program of Audi's e-tron electric vehicle technology, we recently put A3 e-trons into the hands of a team of Audi of America employees. These e-Pilots, as they're now known, will beta test the zero-emission, all-electric prototype version of the A3 in their day-to-day lives. Their real-world experiences will directly translate into the production Audi e-tron plug-in vehicles that will hit American roads in the not-to-distant future. Check in regularly to see their reports on what it's like to live with an electrified Audi!

Alternative Energy, Green, Audi, Electric Vehicles, EV, Carbon Neutral, Environmentalism, Electric Cars, Audi A3 e-tron, e-tron, A3 e-tron, A3, e-Pilot, e-mobility, zero emission






India electric vehicles prospects

A study on the prospects of electric vehicles conducted by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd has estimated the current potential of the Indian market at 4 per cent of the annual car sales in the country (or about 100,000 vehicles).

The study finds that the Indian customer does not want to pay a premium, would shift to an electric vehicle only if the price of petrol touched Rs 85 a litre, would not consider electric vehicle if the conventional vehicles ran 32 km a litre of fuel, wanted charge time of less than two hours, preferred charging at home and wanted a range of 320 km/charge. The study was released in Chennai today.


The Electric cars that are in the making in India 

* i10 electric from Hyundai


*Cheverlet E spark

Image credit:



* Withdrawal of subsidy affects the sales of electric two wheelers considerably in India !



The withdrawal of subsidy by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) on March 31 has drastically affected the sales of electric two-wheelers.

According to manufacturers, their business has fallen by over 70 per cent in the last three months, and, if the government does not take proactive steps, there are chances the industry might find itself in ‘hot water’.


Manufacturers says they are also facing closure of dealership with around 250 dealers having already closed their operations in the last three months.


They expect the government to extend its support to the electric vehicle industry in bridging the gap between the discontinuation of MNRE incentive scheme and national electric vehicle policy by way of extension of MNRE Incentive Scheme.

They demanded that for the current financial year, the government should earmark Rs 50-60 crore as subsidy component for the consumers.

According to the entrepreneurs, electric vehicles, which were selling around 7,000 units per month before April 2012, has now come down to 2,500-3,000 units per month. It is worth mentioning that, according to the manufacturers, there are 16-17 electric two wheeler manufacture in India witha a combined installed capacity of 5 lakh unit per annum.

Hero Electric CEO Sohinder Gill said that the MNRE had, in November 2010, announced a financial incentive scheme for electric vehicle buyers. “This incentive was passed on upfront by the manufacturer to the customer and was later claimed by the government,” he told Business Standard,

“The scheme envisages incentives of up to 20 per cent on the ex-factory prices of the vehicles, subject to a maximum limit. The cap on the incentive was -- Rs 4,000 for low speed electric two wheelers, Rs 5,000 for high-speed electric two wheelers.”

“Due to the introduction of the policy, EV industry saw 200 per cent growth in its sales. The organised players saw a huge growth in the market share & the industry started to grow in an organised form,” he added. “The Industry was selling around 75,000-110,000 units per annum. Last fiscal, electric two-wheeler sales in India was about 90,000 unit.”

Avon group Chairman & MD, Onkar Singh said, “But on March 31, 2012, MNRE removed the subsidy from the sale of electric vehicles which resulted in over 70 per cent fall in sales of EVs. Earlier, we were selling about 7,000 units per month, now it has been reduced to 2,500 units per month.” Besides, high value added tax (VAT) rate is also affecting the industry. “States like Rajastan, Uttrakhand has brought down the VAT rate to zero, and some states has brought down to 4 per cent. But there are states like Punjab and Haryana where the VAT rate is as high as 12.5 per cent which is hampering the sales,” he added.



We have been looking at that idea very closely, considering the ever increasing petrol prices.  We are looking at it very seriously and are also considering the intricacies involved in developing an actual electric scooter. - 











The following are companies that manufacture electric vechicles in India, or they have shown interest in manufacturing electric cars,  electric scooters in India. Some of them are probably potential manufacturers of electric bikes and electric bicycles. Some others are probably involved in component manufacture for electric vehicles in India




accura bikes

Amez Vehicles


Avon Cycles, 

Bavina Industries,

BSA Motors

DSK group / Hyosung

Doon Electric Scooters


EBike India Co.

Hero Electric



Kabirdass Motor Company

Lectrix Motors


Lovenssa Motor


Oreva group


Polaris India






Phoenix Snider Power

Savvy Go, 

Tara International


Tejus Motors, 

Unicorn Auto,

Volmac Engineering Pvt Ltd.,




EVo 1’, India’s first electric race car


With a top speed of 115 km per hour and weighing 320 kg, the battery operated ‘EVo 1’, India’s first electric race car designed and manufactured by students-cum-automobile enthusiasts from IIT Bombay, was unveiled at the institute on Thursday. It will now participate in the Formula Student competition at Silverstone Circuit, UK, from July 11-15.

“Work on our first race car began in 2007. The IIT Bombay racing team participated in Formula Student in 2008 and 2009 with an IC engine powertrain. After a hiatus of three years, when the team built further competence at national competitions like the SAE India Baja, we decided to mark our entry into Formula Student 2012 with a newer and bigger challenge, the electric powertrain. Today, the team is proud to have created India’s first electric race car,” said Prateek Sharma, student and project manager.

The car reaches speeds 100 kmph in five seconds/0-60 kmph in 3.5 seconds, 32 kW power (maximum) and it has taken Rs 15 lakh to make a single prototype. more




*  Wireless electric car charging demo



Based on the fuel efficiency info just released for the Honda Fit EV, the new leader in the EPA’s fuel efficiency ratings, one of our readers did some quick calculations and came up with some interesting facts. I thought I’d quickly repost a few or these for more eyes to see, and also elaborate on them.From Bob_Wallace: “kWh per mile for the Honda = 0.29. At $0.08/kWh that’s just slightly over 2 cents per mile.”

He then noted that a 50mpg gas-powered vehicle (aka ‘gasmobile’) would need $1.16/gallon of fuel to drive for so cheaply. I don’t think you can find that anywhere these days, do you?Notably, not every place has electricity selling for $0.08/kWh. The average price of electricity for residential customers in the US is a little under $0.12/kWh these days (or about $0.0959 for all sectors combined).
That is very cheap. Indians are frugal minded except the very rich. Such a car that runs economicallty  will be  a big hit in India.It is a great business opportunity.

But, even if you’re paying $0.12/kWh for electricity, you’d need gas to be at $1.74/gallon for a super fuel-efficient (by US standards) gas-powered car getting 50 mpg to be running for the same price.However, the average fuel economy of vehicles sold in the US is actually far less than 50 mpg, it’s just approaching 24 mpg (May 2012). For such a car, you’d need gas to be selling for $0.8352/gallon to match the average fuel costs of a Honda Fit EV. Wow, good luck with that!Source: Clean Technica (

Mitsubishi i electric looks funny, rides rough

it can take up to 22.5 hours to recharge the car using your 120-volt home outlet.

If you use the optional 240-volt charger, it takes seven hours, Mitsubishi says. If you can find a so-called level 3 charger — 480 volts — you can go from discharged to 80% full in 30 minutes. 17/6/12

* Electric car charging sites start to spring upThat is in China. It will soon happen in India too. One can look at setting up charging stations in India. a good business opportunity. 
Tesla hints solar powered electric car charging, through proprietary charging connector
The moment it is solar powered recharging, it is very good for Indian conditions.
Because the Model S and Model X are sold with massive battery packs, up to 85 kilowatt-hours in capacity, Tesla had to design in a much higher charge rate than is used on other electric cars. For example most of the charging infrastructure being installed supports a 30 amp charge rate, and the highest charge rate on competing electric cars is 6.6 kilowatts. Recharging an 85 kilowatt-hour battery pack at 6.6 kilowatts would take over 12 hours. Rather than having the Model S labeled as "taking forever to recharge", it was designed with a higher charging rate, supporting a 10 kilowatt or optionally a 20 kilowatt charge rate, corresponding to 31 miles and 62 miles of driving range per hour of charging. Additionally the Model S supports an extremely fast charging rate, that will completely recharge the Model S with a full 300 miles of driving range in an hour. By contrast the CHADEMO standard supported by the Nissan Leaf and Mitsubishi i-MiEV supports only about 120 miles of driving range per hour of fast charging 
Toyota Bringing Electric Car

convenient EV charging services at residential properties nationwide helping to foster the EV revolution. 

In India too we need this ev charging facility at residential properties for e scooters, e bikes e cycles and e cars. 
Users can pinpoint EV charging station locations using the CarCharging map at  17/6/12
According to Momentum Dynamics, developer of a wireless electric car charging system, the company's charging system could mean an all electric airport shuttle bus that can run 24 hours a day, without requiring a long recharging stop  more

*Petrol hike spurs e-bike sales in chennai, IndiaThere are two types of electric bikes - one that requires a driving licence and the other that doesn't require one. Distributors say there has been a steady rise in sales of electric bikes in the country. In 2011, about 1.2 lakh bikes were sold, 15,000 of them in Chennai. In 2009 and 2010 the national figures were about 80,000 and 90,000. Hero, Yo Bike, BSA, Ampere and Lohia Bike are the leading manufacturers . P Bala, technical advisor for Ampere Vehicles Ltd, a manufacturer of electric vehicles , says enquires are pouring in from all over the country. "Interest in electric vehicles goes up after every fuel price hike. But this time, there is a huge response," he said.more  9/6/2012
*Electric Transit Buses Coming to North America

Audi Cancels Two Electric Car Programs 9/6/2012
* Brine power ?!Electric cars may be the future, but they are not selling well yet because battery technology has not advanced far enough.

Batteries need to be lighter and last longer - and to be available at an affordable price.

But minerals from an unlikely source and brains from Silicon Valley might be changing all that, as the BBC's Alastair Leithead reports.


Full tax exemption offered to electric cars in Maharashtra


The full tax exemption is also applicable on EVs from other states that are being re-registered in Maharashtra.


The state government of Maharashtra has put in effect two different policy changes regarding vehicle registrations in the state after receiving inputs from the state transport department. The first of two policy changes was announced this week wherein the vehicle tax was on imported cars was cut by 2 per cent on petrol cars and up to 6 per cent on diesel cars. 


The second policy that has been put in effect today is the decision of offering complete tax exemption on electric vehicles from Motor Vehicle Tax in the state of Maharashtra. This full exemption is also applicable on the electric vehicles from other states that are being re-registered in Maharashtra.




Full tax exemption offered to electric cars in Maharashtra




The electric car makers have welcomed this change in policy of EVs with open arms, as the full exemption is bound to bring down the cost of the vehicle significantly and will hence, attract more buyers.


On the other hand for buyers, owning and maintaining an EV is quite cheap and hassle free with low running cost and puts much less burden on mother nature. The government of Maharashtra is expecting the sales of electric vehicles to rise after the aforementioned tax rebate.





*National Electric Mobility Mission from July

Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Praful Patel today said the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020, which is aimed at promoting electric and hybrid vehicles, is likely to be launched by July, 2012.

"The National Electric Mobility Mission plan to 2020 is now expected to be launched by July 2012," he said.

The minister told members of the Parliamentary Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises that the National Mission for Electric Mobility was launched to promote electric mobility and manufacturing of electric vehicles in India.

Besides, the members were informed about setting up of the National Council for Electric Mobility (NCEM) and National Board for Electrical Mobility (NBEM), under the Chairmanship of the Minister.

A study was also conducted on behalf of the Ministry to provide a fact-based policy framework to NBEM and NCEM towards formulating the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020.


If we can have three lakh Electric Vehicles on the roads by 2020, including three-wheelers, cars, and scooters, this could result in a reduction of over 16 lakh metric tons of CO, NOx & HC by 2020, savings of over Rs. 3700 crores in foreign exchange and significant health costs savings. EVs are zero polluting, easy to handle and have low running and maintenance costs.

Small electric buses, three wheelers and electric scooters are ideal for city mobility in India but it could take between 5 and 10 years before they become viable for commercial use. Many local auto manufacturers such as REVA, Mahindra & Mahindra and Eko Scooters are embarking on alternate fuel transportation programs to combat air pollution in India.


A new Masters and Doctoral level program was started
from last year for education and research into ‘mobility
and vehicle design’ issues at Industrial Design Centre, IIT
Bombay, to create a body of specialist vehicle designers,
who can address the problems of future mobility in the
country, and also to develop the research culture in this
discipline. Special emphasis is given to eco-friendly vehicle
development and research.


The running cost of Reva, the only electric car in the Indian market right now, is about Rs 1 per km; even the most fuel-efficient petrol/diesel cars cost about Rs 5 per km. The annual service and maintenance cost of electric vehicles is one-fifth of petrol/diesel cars (Electric scooters, manufactured by Hero and YoBykes, are a little more successful.)




Toyota unveils first all electric SUV in usa


Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. debuted Monday Toyota RAV4 EV, the only all electric SUV on the market at the 26th annual Electric Vehicle Symposium in Los Angeles.

The MSRP (manufacturer's suggested retail price) for what Toyota calls a "fully-equipped" RAV4 EV is 49,800 dollars and "it will be available in late Summer," Bob Carter, group vice president and general manager of the Toyota division, told Xinhua.

"It is the only all-electric SUV on the market," Carter said. The all electric SUV co-designed by Tesla and Toyota was first announced almost 2 years ago and a typical car design takes 4 years or more to go from concept to shipping product.



World’s first nationwide electric car network gets its first roll-out in Israel

Drivers can swap their depleted batteries for fully charged ones at a network of stations, receiving a full, 160-kilometer (100-mile) range in five minutes. Better Place owns the batteries, bringing down the purchase price of the cars using the network.

People driving shorter distances, the vast majority of customers, can plug in their batteries each day to chargers installed at their homes, offices and public locations, which will fully recharge in six to eight hours.

He faces a wall of skepticism. A major concern is “range anxiety”: Will the car conk out because its battery is drained, stranding the driver in a dicey neighborhood, en route to the hospital, or with three wailing kids in back?





Electrical mobility is the ability of charged particles (such as electrons or protons) to move through a medium in response to anelectric field that is pulling them. The separation of ions according to their mobility in gas phase is called Ion mobility spectrometry, in liquid phase it is called electrophoresis.



India, Germany jointly working on electric mobility: Anand Sharma news



India and Germany are partnering in the development of green technologies, mainly electric mobility, in order to reduce and possibly eliminate the use of fossil fuels over a period of time, minister of commerce, industry and textiles Anand Sharma said after a meeting with the German federal minister for transport, building and urban development Dr Peter Ramsauer, in Berlin, on Thursday.

''India and Germany are both committed to reducing carbon emissions and sustainable mobility is one of the highlights of our cooperation in the automotive sector. We are also seeking a common approach to implement targets for Government of India's National Mission for Electric Mobility,'' Sharma said.

From about 1,500 electric vehicles currently on German roads at present, Germany hopes to raise their numbers to a minimum a million by the year 2020.more




Three main types of electric vehicles exist, those that are directly powered from an external power station, those that are powered by stored electricity originally from an external power source, and those that are powered by an on-board electrical generator, such as an internal combustion engine (a hybrid electric vehicle) or a hydrogen fuel cell.



Related News:

Even as growth is moderating in the Indian automobile market, at 13 per cent year-on-year in May � the slowest in two years � General Motors (GM) aims to grow at double the market rate.

Unveiling an electric version of its small car, the Beat, as part of a global demonstration of the technology, Mr Karl Slym, President and Managing Director, GM India, told reporters here, �We'll grow at double the pace of the market. If the market grows at 12 per cent this year, then our sales will grow by 24 per cent from 110,000 cars sold last year.�


Chevrolet Beat Battery Electric Vehicle will not be launched in India soon. �Only tax incentives will not enable us to bring Beat Electric to Indian markets. There has to be suitable infrastructure upgradation such as power supply, car parking and consumer education,� Mr Slym said.

When asked if the company utilised the technology that it was developing with Reva Electric Car, Mr Slym said: �This mini car is completely different from what we were developing with Reva. This project was going on in parallel.�

GM India show-cased Beat Electric on Thursday to get consumer insights into the product's acceptability. �We are not looking to launch this immediately as we do not have the right infrastructure for EVs in this country yet,� said Mr Sumit Sawhney, Vice-President (Sales, Marketing and Aftersales).

Powered by a 300 cell lithium-ion battery with a total energy capacity of approximately 20 kWh, the 270 kg battery can power the Beat for at least 130 km under normal driving conditions. The liquid cool battery can operate in temperatures ranging from approximately minus 20 degree Celsius to 45 degree Celsius, with charge time of less than eight hours using a 240V outlet.�

The US car maker said it had shelved plans to launch a small car in India that was take on Tata Nano, citing viability issues.

�It (small car) was under discussion when the Rs 1 lakh car (Nano) came in. We have reached a decision point that it is not right for us,� Mr Slym said.

The small car was looked to be positioned below the company's existing entry level compact car �Spark', he added.

�We did have a plan (to launch a smaller car than Spark), but no longer now. We have shelved the plans to get into that segment,� he said.


GM is set to launch five new products and 14 variants in India in the next 18 months under the Chevrolet umbrella. Out of these, two will be light commercial vehicles. All products will have multiple fuel options and range across all price packets.

The company is also geared up to launch the diesel variant of the Beat next month. �The car will give a mileage of 24 km for every litre,� Mr Slym said.

GM has invested over $1 billion in India and sells around 9,000 units a month. It has production capacity of 140,000 cars in the Talegaon plant and 85,000�




Government will set up the Governing Council for Electric Vehicles

Operate under the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises

It will develop infrastructure for electric mobility - charging stations

Council to have representatives from various Ministries – includes Road Transport and

Highways, New and Renewable Energy and Power and also industry representatives

Promote Joint Ventures, esp. in EV battery manufacturing & technology transfers





In the Union Budget 2010-11, the Government of India reduced the excise duty on

electric vehicles from 8% to 4%. ( now withdrawn)

Components for EV is under 10%, which the manufacturers are asking for a waiver


Want to learn all about Electric vehicle opportunity in India in just 2 days !!

Want to connect with all engaged and interested in Electric vehicle in India in 2 days !!

Import of EVs attracts 14% and import of parts attract 4% duty

qLithium ion batteries attracts 18%


Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Lakshadweep don’t levy VAT;

 Chandigarh, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat & West Bengal offer partial subsidy on VAT;

Other states charge 4%-15% VAT

Delhi Government provides the highest incentives for electric vehicles with tax rebates

amounting to 29.5% of the cost, (15% subsidy on the base price of the Reva, along with

12.5% VAT exemption, and road tax and registration charge refund)

Air Ambience fund would support the cost of such subsidies (fund ccreated out of

environment cess of 25paise per litre of diesel sold in the state of Delhi)




India based electric car maker Mahindra Reva

plans to introduce battery leasing for its


• Battery leasing will reduce the cost of an

electric car by about Euro1000 (Rs.60,000)

• Reliance Digital, the consumer durables and

information technology division of Reliance

Retail, will retail the electric car of Mahindra


• Mahindra Reva has introduced a scheme in

Bangalore wherein it will allow consumers with

petrol-fuelled vehicles to exchange their

vehicles for the Reva-i electric car

Some of the above ideas where announced, but there is 

no official record of its implementation



Hero Electric opened a battery charging station in

Delhi and plans to establish 2,000 such stations



Electrotherm India Ltd., the Ahmedabad based

manufacturer of “YOBYKES”, plans to set up

battery charging stations in Ahmedabad, Mumbai,

Chennai and Bangalore


FORD is planning a lithium ion battery operated car to be launched in India, soon.


HERO electric is planning a lithium ion battery operated two wheeler.


TATA's are planning an electric version of Tata indica.


Electric vehicle sales have seen a sharp spurt in the last few months, because of a drastic drop in model prices on the back of a generous Government subsidy.

Mahindra Reva, the only electric manufacturer in the country, said sales of its �REVAi' have jumped three-fold in the last two months. Meanwhile, another industry official said that sales of electric scooters have also gone up 30 per cent. ( This benefit has been withdrawn and the price of the car has gone up - sales have fallen by half. Everyones awaiting the new policy from the gov.

The strong growth in the nascent EV industry has been spurred by the massive sop announced by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in November last year. At a total project cost of Rs 95 crore, it has provided for 20 per cent subsidy on the factory price of EVs up to a maximum of Rs 1 lakh for cars and Rs 5,000 for electric two-wheelers. Companies are, however, required to have 30 per cent local content.

Mr R. Chandramouli, COO, Mahindra Reva Electric Vehicles, told�Business Linethat the subsidy has led to a drop in prices by Rs 75,000 of the REVAi to Rs 3.5 lakh.

�We have seen a three-fold jump in our 50 units a month sales after the subsidy was announced. Sales have increased across all regions where we have an outlet such as Delhi, Bangalore, Pune, Jaipur, Hyderabad and Kerala. We were earlier selling 600 units a year, but now expect to sell 3,000 units in 2011-12,� he said, adding that the company has asked the Government to increase the annual subsidy cap from 700 units to 3,000 units.

Mahindra Reva is also rapidly expanding its sales network. Before it bought out the Reva business, the company had only two points of sale but by March aims to have 30 showrooms and a total of 100 by 2011-end, Mr Chandramouli said.


Hero Electric, the largest electric two-wheeler maker, has also seen a sharp sales spike in January and most of this month. �We have seen a 30 per cent increase in sales year-on-year. We have a 38 per cent share of the electric two-wheeler market and hope to maintain this pace through the year,� said Mr Sohinder Gill, CEO, Hero Electric and Director (Corporate Affairs) of the Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles.

In 2010, 85,000 electric two-wheelers were sold, of which 65,000 units are accounted for by the organised players.


Charging stations for electric vehicles may not need much new infrastructure in developed countries, less than delivering a new alternative fuel over a new network.[1] The stations can leverage the existing ubiquitous electrical grid and home recharging is an option. For example, polls have shown that more than half of homeowners in the USA have access to a plug to charge their cars.



Germany aims to put at least one million electric vehicles on the roads


Germany aims to put at least one million electric vehicles on the roads


Indian Minister of Commerce Industry and Textiles Anand Sharma told German Federal Minister for Transport, Building And Urban Development Peter Ramsauer: “India and Germany are both committed to reducing carbon emissions and sustainable mobility is one of the highlights of our cooperation in the automotive sector. We are also seeking a common approach to implement targets for Government of India’s National Mission for Electric Mobility.”


The two ministers met in Berlin on Thursday. Germany is a strong supporter of electric mobility. There are about 1,500 electric vehicles operating on German roads. By 2020, Germany aims to put at least one million electric vehicles on the roads.


Germany is also a world leader in logistics and in the construction of infrastructure, as well as in energy-efficient technologies in the transportation sector.


Indo-German Joint Working Group (JWG) on Automotive Sector has helped to intensify bilateral cooperation in the development of efficient automotive technologies and alternate fuels and drives. Both countries are exploring areas of cooperation including in future road map for India’s Auto Fuel Policy, Electric Mobility Plan in India.





EV Charging Pros, a business consulting services company that advises corporations, commercial property owners and managers on how to select and implement the most appropriate Electric Vehicle Service Equipment (EVSE) system for their respective commercial and community properties.

Understanding and deploying electric vehicle (EV) charging stations for cars is being driven by consumer demand for workplace charging stations and public charging stations in combination with the complexities associated with determining how to charge electric cars at business venues once electric car owners leave their home garages.

Plug-in vehicle counts are expected to grow to 2.9 million cars worldwide by 2017, according to Honda Motor Company. EVs and Hybrids as a category are beginning to hit the sales radar. Sales of EVs and hybrids grew to over 3.3% of all cars in the first quarter this year. Sales of the Nissan Leaf electric car nearly quadrupled from the first quarter 2011, to 1,733 units.

"Over the last 18 months it has become evident that we are on the verge of electrification of the auto industry, that the issues of energy security, carbon reduction and lowering our dependence on oil will drive this transition. As a market pioneer I've noticed a real need for independent information in corporations about the realities of deploying Electric Vehicle Service Equipment (EVSE) - what is commonly referred to as 'Charging Equipment.' It's a lot more than just hooking up a device and walking away," said Kalb may 20  2012




Europe Slow to Warm Up to Electric Cars


A charging station in Berlin


What Cars Are the Greenest? may 11 2012

Getting the car-buying decision "right" might be hoping for too much. Technologies are changing; economies are changing; the balance of power in the world is changing.

More cars are now sold in China than in the United States. The Chinese market will continue to grow, and the American market is likely to shrink. The market in India may blossom in the next 10 years.

That changes things. That new and growing demand for oil and raw materials elsewhere may put the rest of us on a different footing.

Some experts are predicting that North America will more and more feel a very practical pressure to move away from gas to hybrids and electric vehicles. It won't just be the environmentally concerned among us who are interested.

So the car-buying decision that seems right today might need re-visiting a few years from now as options change.

It would, of course, be most environmentally friendly not to drive a car at all. Think of the savings for the bank account and the planet! But few of us can manage that. Most lives are structured around the assumption that a personal vehicle is part of the picture.

One could walk, ride a bicycle, take the bus, buy an electric scooter, get involved with Rideshare (search the internet for Rideshare Jack Bell), or join a car ownership co-op (look at - all fine options.

One could move close to work and shopping and all the other amenities, so that a vehicle would not be needed. more


Earlier this year, the Indian government withdrew the policy which subsidized electric vehicles, even as it puts the finishing touches on the new policy to be introduced later this year. The older policy, which allowed the Reva to be cheaper by almost INR 93,000 due to the subsidy  that the government doled out to encourage all electric vehicles, has now been scrapped. Due to this, the Reva Electric car has gotten expensive by over a lakh, resulting in sales falling by almost 50%, which is a massive drop. Mahindra Reva hopes that the new policy will be favorable enough so that the upcoming Reva NXR has a fighting chance at the hustings. may 11 2012------------------------------------------------------------------

Two-wheel vehicles including scooters, motorcycles, and bicycles are a very popular mode of transport in China, India, and most Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, due to their fuel efficiency and ease of use in congested traffic. The growth of the overall market for these vehicles within Asia Pacific is also leading to strong expansion of the electric two-wheelvehicle industry in the region, with adoption being driven by rapid urbanization and increasing household incomes. According to a new report from Pike Research, annual sales of electric two-wheel vehicles will reach 65.5 million units in the Asia Pacific region by 2018, resulting in a cumulative total of almost 382 million sales from 2012 to 2018.

Close to 92% of these vehicles will be sold in China, where annual sales will reach 60.2 million in 2018.

"Growing economic prosperity is creating a greater number of middle and high income level consumers, which in turn is contributing to the growth of the electric two-wheel vehicle market in the region," says senior analyst Andy Bae. "In addition, the total cost of ownership of e-motorcycles and e-scooters remains low enough that consumers can see payback on the vehicle with a year or two of purchase. That means the market for electric two-wheel vehicles is likely to remain strong in regions with high economic growth rates."

In Asia Pacific, two main technologies are used in the e-motorcycle and e-scooter markets: lead-acid and lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries. Lead-acid batteries will continue to be the primary technology used in the Asia Pacific electric two-wheel vehicle markets, particularly China, while Li-ion batteries will account for a smaller (but growing) share of the technology used in e-scooters and e-motorcycles.

Pike Research's report, "Electric Two-Wheel Vehicles in Asia Pacific", provides an in-depth assessment of current market dynamics and the future growth potential for electric bicycles, scooters, and motorcycles in the Asia Pacific region, along with profiles of the key industry players who are defining these rapidly-evolving markets. The study examines the market forces that are driving adoption of electric two-wheel vehicles in key countries, including demographic trends, consumer behavior, and government initiatives. The report also analyzes the technology issues surrounding this sector such as the changing mix of battery chemistries and key trends in battery management systems and electric motors. Detailed vehicle sales forecasts are provided for each vehicle category through 2018, segmented by country. An Executive Summary of the report is available for free download on the firm's website.

may 11 2012


REPORTPolaris may sell electric vehicles in India


Polaris, the all-terrain vehicle maker that acquired neighborhood electric vehicle maker Global Electric Motorcars (GEM) from Chrysler last year, may start selling electric vehicles in India as a way to benefit from the growing vehicle market in that country, automotive news website CarTradeIndia reported.
That is good news for Indian electric mobility market in India. 


Polaris hasn't decided whether the EVs earmarked for India will be on-road or off-road vehicles, the website said, citing Polaris India Managing Director Pankaj Dubey. The company is looking to boost revenue from India to about 5 billion rupees (about $94 million U.S. at current exchange rates) by 2016.

By selling EVs in India, Polaris would be looking to benefit from demand in an Asia-Pacific region that's most likely to be the fastest growing when it comes to plug-in vehicle sales over the next few years. Globally, cumulative plug-in vehicle sales, including battery-electric and plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles, will surge to 5.2 million in 2017 from 114,000 in 2011, according to green-technology research firm Pike Research. The Asia-Pacific region will account for about 617,000 electric-drive vehicles sold in 2017, almost double North America's total, Pike Research Senior Analyst Dave Hurst told AutoblogGreen. more



Premier Ted Baillieu today announced a Victorian Government Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Indian automotive pioneer Mahindra Reva Electric Vehicles to support a feasibility study exploring the potential for research, JAN2012



Speaking in Bangalore at Mahindra Reva's electric vehicle plant, Mr Baillieu said Victoria was a driver of the Australian automotive industry and offered companies such as Mahindra Reva a comprehensive suite of capabilities, from initial concept and design right through to manufacture and assembly.

"The Victorian Government is committed to maintaining a strong, dynamic automotive industry in Victoria, and welcomes this interest from one of the world's most exciting and innovative electric vehicle manufacturers," Mr Baillieu said.

Mahindra Reva is a pioneer of electric vehicle technologies and was one of the first companies to introduce electric vehicles worldwide.

Light-weighting and electrification present opportunities for the industry to set itself on a firm long term platform, with the potential to open up new markets and show leadership in these continually evolving technologies.

"Victoria is undertaking an electric vehicle trial that is the only one of its kind in the southern hemisphere," Mr Baillieu said.

"This makes Victoria an excellent choice for research and development testing relating to electric vehicles."

Mr Baillieu also welcomed new partnerships between Mahindra Reva and three distinguished Victorian research institutions: the Victorian-based Automotive Cooperative Research Centre, Latrobe University, and Swinburne University.

Mahindra Reva has entered into an MoU with the AutoCRC to establish an operational framework for an Applied Research Program.

The two-year MoU will facilitate the sharing of relevant confidential information and enable the two parties to establish specific project agreements under the Applied Research Program.

The company has also entered into a three year MoU with La Trobe University to facilitate collaborative research and development for new energy management technologies.

The research program will develop new concepts and techniques for high-efficiency building design, electric vehicles, and vehicle-to-grid technologies. Energy management systems for commercial buildings would encourage employees to use electric vehicles, which could in turn serve as a source of energy for the workplace or help to stabilise renewable energy sources.

Swinburne University has the largest electric vehicle research group in Australia, covering lightweight structures, electric drivetrain, battery management, vehicle architecture and design. The research group has over 20 academic staff and over 25 PhD students.

Mr Chetan Maini, "the man behind Reva", will become Swinburne University's first Entrepreneur in Residence, and will be engaged in the excellent work being undertaken by the Swinburne Electric Vehicle Group.

Mahindra Reva's new facility in Bengaluru, India is one of the world's most energy-efficient automotive assembly plants, featuring technologies including energy recovery systems and solar power. The plant will serve as a test bed for technologies developed by the joint research program.

Mahindra Reva is part of the multinational Mahindra Group, which also owns a controlling stake in Victoria-based aerospace companies Gippsland Aeronautics (GippsAero) and Aerostaff Australia.

Mr Baillieu said collaboration between research institutions and industry was vital to drive innovation and technology development.

"These new examples of research collaborations, with a distinct international flavour, are a mark of the cutting-edge capabilities of our Victorian research institutions," Mr Baillieu said,

The announcement was made during Victoria's largest-ever trade mission to India this week, with more than 200 Victorian companies travelling on the mission to boost Victoria's two-way trade and investment relationship with India.

So, there is action in the electric mobility in India.

On average, San Diegans drive 12,000 miles per year; and with an average fuel economy rate of 20 miles to the gallon and approximate gasoline cost of $3.70/gallon,that lands each driver with $2,220 in annual gasoline bills alone. 





By contrast, the electric Nissan Leaf gets 3.5 miles/kWh and charges at the SDG&E off-peak rate of $0.10/kWh – reducing annual fueling costs to only $343, or $6.60 per week.


Pair electric vehicles with solar power systems for maximum savings

The difference in cost between gasoline and electricity may in and of itself be enough to sell some consumers on the notion of electric cars. However, when times are tough, it’s important for buyers to know that they’re getting the best possible deal: and when it comes to transportation costs, pairing an electric car with a solar power system is the best way to reap maximum savings.


* a small, 1.2 kW solar system priced at about $4,000 after incentives will cover charging costs for an electric car for up to 40 years. These are at US rates of setting up a solar panel.

In India it will be far cheaper 


* The combined benefits of an electric vehicle and a solar power system bring consumers the greatest possible savings.




European e-mobility leaders DBT and Matra Showcase Battery Swapping Station for Electric Bikes and Scooters

DBT CEV, one of the largest electric vehicle charging infrastructure firms in Europe, and Matra, a leading manufacturer of Light Electric Vehicles will introduce today at the Electric Vehicle Symposium (EVS26) press conference a unique solution in e-mobility : the Bat’Lib system, an innovative battery swapping station for e-bikes and e-scooters.

The Bat’Lib station allows a user to exchange an empty battery for a full one in less than 10 seconds rather than waiting a few hours for the empty battery to recharge. This intuitive and simple-to-use system eliminates one of the major barriers to electric vehicle use-recharging time-and is ideally suited for electric bike and scooter commercial fleet owners, tour companies, and vehicle sharing programs. Bat’Lib also enables the development of a variety of new business models for renting or leasing batteries and charging services separately from the vehicle purchase.

* Nation wide Electric car network with battery swapping gets tested in Israel




Israeli entrepreneur Shai Agassi has begun rolling out the world's first nationwide electric car network. Now, will the drivers come?

After more than $400 million in outlays and months behind schedule, dozens of electric cars have hit the road in Israel, the test site Agassi chose for his Better Place venture. Four stations where the cars can get a new dose of juice when their batteries run out are operating, and the plan is to ramp that number up within months.

The concept: to wean the world from oil and eliminate the biggest hurdles to environmentally friendly electric cars — high cost and limited range.

To do this, Better Place has jettisoned the fixed battery. Instead, drivers can swap their depleted batteries for fully charged ones at a network of stations, receiving a full, 160-kilometer (100-mile) range in five minutes. Better Place owns the batteries, bringing down the purchase price of the cars using the network.

People driving shorter distances, the vast majority of customers, can plug in their batteries each day to chargers installed at their homes, offices and public locations, which will fully recharge in six to eight hours.

He faces a wall of skepticism. A major concern is "range anxiety": Will the car conk out because its battery is drained, stranding the driver in a dicey neighborhood, en route to the hospital, or with three wailing kids in back?

Ford to start shipping Focus Electric to dealers
Hawaii turned out to be the top destination for electric vehicles in the nation, as it is flooded with charging stations like nowhere else.






Dr. Arun Jaura

Vice President, Eaton Corporation

Expertise Area:Off-road & On-road Mobility, Energy efficiency, Powertrains, Fluid power, Avionics

Dr. Arun Jaura is the VP- Technology and Head of Eaton Engineering Centre at Eaton Corporation. He has extensive knowledge and experience of over 25 years in several diverse areas such as Off-road & On-road Mobility, Energy efficiency, Powertrains, Fluid power, Avionics etc.

Insights and Perspectives on:Use of Biomethanation for Recovering Energy from Municipal Solid Waste



Dr. Arun Jaura is the Vice President of Technology and Head- Eaton India Engineering Center.

Prior to this Arun held the position of Chief Technology Officer of the Mahindra Group and headed the Office of Innovation and Global Advanced Technologies in Mumbai, India. He also held the position of Senior Vice President – R&D and Global Product Development in the Group’s Automotive Sector for close to three years before taking up this role. In Mahindra, Arun’s work included advanced technology projects (such as propulsion, materials, communication networks, nano-electronics), liaison with Global Technology Centres and Centres of Excellence to initiate and cross pollinate research, CO2 mitigation and Sustainability, among other responsibilities. This role also includes development of hybrid vehicles and hydrogen technology.

Prior to joining M&M, he had worked for 10 years at Ford in Detroit. In his last assignment at Ford, Arun was responsible for Vehicle Engineering of the Escape Hybrid Platform in Detroit.

Prior to that, he was in DRDO in Chennai for about 10 years, working on battle tank and combat aircraft systems.

Arun has rich and varied experience of over 25 years in the technology space and product development/R&D both in India as well as overseas. He has 5 patents registered in the US/Europe and Japan, and has published 37 international and national publications in journals and conferences. He is a subject matter expert in various technology domains and is well recognized across the industry.

Dr. Arun is also a Technical Fellow of the SAE International, a distinction bestowed on engineering professionals and a recipient of the prestigious Henry Ford Technology Award in 2004 for the world’s first Hydrogen Engine Propelled Hybrid vehicle.

In India, he is a member of NATRIP’s Technical Advisory Team, Chairman of CII Steering Committee for New Product Development, Chairman of CII’s Taskforce on Technology, and was co-chair of the CAR committee on Advanced Propulsion. Most recently, he was appointed to the National Board for Electric Mobility a Government of India initiative and TIFAC advisory committee on India Technology Vision 2035. He is also a leading member of the TERI Business Council.

Dr. Arun has completed his BE from NIT-Srinagar, M.Tech from IIT-Madras and has a Ph.D from Concordia University, Montreal.

Contribution in prominent events:

Automotive R&D Trends 2010, Commercial Vehicle Megatrends India 2012, 11th AICFM & 3rd EMCHAFT.

About the Company:

Eaton Corporation is a $ 13.7 billion global technology leader in electrical components and systems for power quality, distribution and control; hydraulics components, systems and services for industrial and mobile equipment; aerospace fuel, hydraulics and pneumatic systems for commercial and military use; and truck and automotive drivetrain and powertrain systems for performance, fuel economy and safety.

In 2003, Eaton set up the Eaton India Engineering Center (EIEC) in Pune, which is a major product engineering, design and development center for Eaton’s global customers. EIEC has engineering and design teams for multiple businesses and has developed Centers of Excellence in Modeling and Simulation, Software Engineering, Reliability Engineering, and Dynamics and Controls.





Cedric Lynch

Chief Engineer/ Inventor, Agni Motors

Expertise Area:Batteries, Electric Vehicles, Electric Motors

Anyone who has ever built an EV of any description would have come across Cedric Lynch’s name if not his motor. Cedric Lynch has been at the forefront of electric vehicle design for 25 years and has been inventing since the 1970′s. Cedric, with his friends Arvind Rabadia and Hasmuk Rabadia, have set up Agni Motors in India to make further-improved versions of Cedric’s original motors.



Cedric Lynch was born in the UK in December 1955 and has from an early age been interested in anything electrical or mechanical. In 1979 he entered a competition organised by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and the electrical firm Lucas, to find who could make a vehicle to get furthest in two hours on the power of two small car batteries, and came second out of about 50 competitors using a home-made motor which had armature and field laminations cut out from flattened soup cans.

For subsequent similar competitions run by the Battery Vehicle Society he developed a better motor, which used permanent magnets and also had the magnetic flux running axially through the armature. In this motor the iron laminations were rectangular, which made it possible to have them commercially made from material intended for this purpose without the expense of a special stamping tool. Because the magnetic flux passes through the laminations along one axis only, it became possible to take advantage of the directional properties of grain-oriented material normally used in large transformers.

In the 1980s Arvind Rabadia also rode a motorcycle powered by one of these motors in the Battery Vehicle Society competitions.

In 2003 Cedric got together with Arvind who together with his brother Hasmuk had been thinking of starting a business in India, and set up Agni Motors to make improved versions of Cedric’s motors.

In 2009 Agni Motors entered a motorcycle in the first TTXGP, a race for electric motorcycles that was held as part of the famous TT races in the Isle of Man (between Britain and Ireland), and ridden by Robert Barber this motorcycle won the race by a large margin.

Cedric’s personal transport when he is in the UK is an electric vehicle with Agni motor, that for the last 8 years has been charged almost entirely from solar power and can go 300km on one battery charge.

About the Company:

Agni MotorsAgni MotorsAgni Motors

Agni Motors was started in 2003 by Cedric and Arvind Rabadia along with Rabadia’s brother Hasmuk. The office is located in Gandhidham (Kutch), Gujarat.

The Agni Motor gives up to 93% efficiency, and it maintains high efficiency over a wide range of loads and speeds. It runs on D.C. up to 60 volts at which it can produce 9 Kilowatts (12 horsepower).

The low shaft speed and high torque enable the use of a simple, cheap and efficient transmission in most applications.

The Agni motor enables the user to get the best possible performance from battery-powered or solar-powered vehicles, boats or machinery.




Mr. P. Bala

Mr. P. Bala

President and CTO, Ampere Vehicles India Private Limited

Mr. P. Bala is the President and Chief Technology Officer at Ampere Vehicles India Pvt Ltd, where he is leading the engineering team in development & manufacture of electrical Vehicle/Electric Mobility Solution and its Key components for Electric Mobility.


Ampere Vehicles Pvt Ltd designs and manufactures a wide range of reliable, cost effective and quality Electric Vehicles (EV) for providing economical, comfortable, stylish and well performing electric mobility solutions for all categories of people and businesses in Asia and beyond.

Ampere Vehicles Pvt Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of Ampere Vehicles Pte Ltd, Singapore. Ampere has its state of the art assembly line in its manufacturing facility at Sulur, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. Within a short period of time the company has established a wide network of partners and associates all over the state.


AMPERE VEHICLES - is named after the famous scientist André-Marie Ampère whose theory became fundamental for 19th century developments in electricity and magnetism. World over, the term “Amp” or “Ampere” is used to denote the base measuring unit of current, in remembrance of him.


Ampere’s vision is to enhance and empower the lives of people through affordable mobility solutions, world-wide.


Ampere’s dynamic and agile team with an enlarged vision and focused mission is all set to be a dominant player of the Electric Vehicles Industry in India and expand its wings into the global markets as well. The Ampere team is a proper mix of committed employees with relevant experience, education and industry specific knowledge.



The game-changing electric car design that no one really noticed

One of the biggest sticking points for potential electric car purchasers has been 'range anxiety'—the fear of being stranded somewhere with a dead battery and no way to recharge. As Alan Finkel points out, this problem was actually solved earlier this year, but commentators have yet to celebrate the 'transformational' nature of the new design.

electric car




I used to drive an electric motor bike. It was terrific, but it only had a 30 kilometre range so I had to monitor the battery gauge all the time. Most days, I avoided taking it out for fear that I would run out of battery before the end of the day.

Now I own a Nissan Leaf, a fantastic, pure electric car. But although I can get away without charging it every night, I diligently keep my eye on the remaining range in a way that I never do in a petrol car..courtesy


 Mahindra e2o

The small size may make it a bit cramped inside for larger-sized people, but the tech goodies can get most geeks, like me, excited. The instrument cluster is basically a round monochrome digital screen giving the speed and charge levels, and an indicator for the range. The e2o comes with 4 JBL speakers, a navigation system, reverse camera, keyless entry and projector headlamps. It also has self-diagnostics to alert you of any problems, and many functions like locking the car and switching on AC can also be controlled via a smartphone app. source


China’s electric car market might get a boost from an unlikely source: Leonardo DiCaprio.

The American actor announced earlier this week that he is forming his own teamto participate in a new electric-car racing circuit that will kick off its inaugural season in Beijing next September.




Mahindra Maxximo Minivan EV sideTata Super ACE EV 

Maruti Eeco Charge EV press shot side view




Besides M&M’s Reva, Tata Motors and Maruti Suzuki have shown interest in participating the government’s upcoming pilot project to provide last-mile connectivity for Delhi Metro Rail passengers using electric four-wheelers, said Ambuj Sharma, additional secretary, ministry of heavy industries, on the sidelines of a recent Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (Siam) conference in Mumbai. source




Volkswagen's first electric vehicle priced at £19,250


Based on the petrol-powered up! supermini, the e-up features an 82bhp electric motor and lithium-ion battery, offering a range of 93 miles depending on ambient conditions and driving style. Eco and Eco driving modes cut the power output to 67bhp and 53bhp respectively and reduce the drain from on-board systems to extend the range. more..







Watch GM's chevy spark in motion 
chevy-spark-ev  COURTESY




With the intention of giving some respite to car makers, Government of India is planning to offer subsidies for manufacturing electric cars. Reportedly, the Ministry of Heavy Industries is working on plans to give away benefits for electric car makers under the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan by April 2014. According to sources, the new policy focussing on encouraging car companies to produce electric cars was unveiled by Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh. However, due to some unavoidable circumstances, it was not passed, thereby leaving companies in a fix. Now, it is being reported that the concerned ministry will get all cabinet approvals in 2014. The policy of giving subsidies for electric vehicles might get in effect from 1st April 2014, sources have claimed. courtesy





Yamaha, besides showcasing at the recent Tokyo Motor Show five electric, two-wheeled vehicles described as reference/prototype models, also unveiled it is working with noted car designer Gordon Murray on an ultra compact electric vehicle concept known as MOTIV.e.


image via Gordon Murray Design







This is amazing. Time of day charges are common even in India. Normally it is the peak hour demand. When the electricity charges are high.In maNy states it is in the evenings in summer when the offices dont switch off the airconditioners and the households switch on the airconditioners and other gadgets. This seems pretty interesting.In India one can expect a large two wheeler population going electric soon - given the  diesel/ petrol prices more..


 Nissan Leaf



Mahindra Group has formed an electric racing division and signed an agreement with Formula E Holdings to become the eighth team to join the new FIA Formula E Championship.more..



  No wonder, Anand Mahindra was talking about need for subsidy for  electric cars in India.

None near me: 80 per cent of drivers surveyed said there was not a charging point near them, such as the one being used by this BMW i3

None near me: 80 per cent of drivers surveyed said there was not a charging point near them, such as the one being used by this BMW i3.more...






The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV joins a new generation of production vehicles embarking on an alternative-fuels crusade in the coming years.

PHEV, which stands for Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle, is essentially the next evolution of hybrid vehicles, with a greater skew towards electric-only power thanks to a much higher capacity battery than the petrol-dominant hybrids we are used to.


For example, the Outlander PHEV can indeed run on electricity alone for 60 kilometres, substantially more than the handful of EV-only kilometers you will get out of a Toyota Prius.

The mains reasons are the large battery capacity (12kWh) and the dual electric motor setup for both front and rear wheels.COURTESY




Nissan has listened to its growing LEAF customer base and is introducing a comprehensive customer commitment to dramatically improve the ownership experience of a Nissan LEAF. 
Unrivalled in the pure EV market, the innovative Nissan CARE-EV LEAF customer commitment scheme makes five cast iron pledges designed to provide the ultimate in reassurance and peace of mind and answer many of the questions that customers face when considering EV ownership for the first time..more..




 Expressing disappointment over lack of support to promote electric cars in India, Mahindra & Mahindra chief Anand Mahindra has asked the government to grant subsidies to automakers to promote green cars.

"We've been disappointed because we were banking on a subsidy that the government had in place for electric cars which has expired. The government was committed to maintain it but hasn't done so far. So, that has put a sticker price hurdle," Mr Mahindra said at an event on Wednesday..more..



Electric cars could be safer than those powered by gasoline due to their smaller containments of flammable liquid and fewer moving parts, according to an MIT technology review.

While lithium ion battery cars have risks, they may be safer than gas-powered vehicles. Whereas gas is held in a single large tank, electrolyte, the flammable liquid in the battery of electric vehicles, is contained in small packages.more..



Batteries that power electric cars have problems. They take a long time to charge. The charge doesn’t hold long enough to drive long distances. They don’t allow drivers to quickly accelerate. They are big and bulky.


BMW 360° Electric Is Much More Than An Electric Car Solar

Some have insinuated or outright said that BMW is not very serious about its move into the electric vehicle market. I’m not on board with that idea. I think BMW is quite serious about a push into the future the automobile sector and the future of energy, and there are a number of key moves worth noting on this front.
Read more


 BMW i3 black BMW i3 silver  

500 km on Electric car : Battery technology available for licensing !


A business opportunity !! ?

source source 2EV battery range of 300 miles in sight.



The breakthrough electric vehicle (EV) is indeed fun, also delivering class-leading efficiency with unparalleled style..more..


The rising fuel price, depletion of fossil fuels and increasing Carbon Dioxide emission is posing a great threat to the ecosystem. The Indian startup, EVI (Electric Vehicle India) which manufactures vehicles powered by electricity has come up with a technology to convert any automobile to electric MORE..

 *" BMW EYES 2014 i3 LAUNCH!!"

BMW will launch the electric i3 in India next year. The car which is powered by a 125kw motor run by lithium-ion batteries has a range of about 150km on a single charge. The i3 is also the first car to roll out under BMW's new sub-brand BMW i. BMW i has been created specifically for vehicles that will use electricity for propulsion in some form or the other.more..

BMW to launch i3 electric car in India in 2014




How about unfolding your EV charging station, just like you would with a tent?







 The streets of this crowded tourist city are like a slow-moving showroom of the auto industry, with packs of buses, cars, taxis and motorbikes chugging along.

But if you take a closer look, you will find that some of the smaller buses have only one front wheel. They have no exhaust, and they don't chug. Emblazoned with a sign that says "Save Kathmandu," they are among the smallest and least-familiar models in the world's growing fleet of electric vehicles: the battery-powered "autorickshaw."

Nepal has been one of the lowest nations in the rankings of national economic output, but that has not stopped electric vehicles from finding a peculiar niche. Local businesses have already persuaded more than 100,000 commuters in Katmandu to ride the autorickshaws every day as they pick up passengers on designated routes.

Electric rickshaw

Can electric cars and the battery-powered "autorickshaw" resolve Katmandu’s emission problems? Photos by Coco Liu.

Now they're beginning to push more advanced electric vehicles into the market for the more knowledgeable and well-heeled buyers. A poster in one of the showrooms says: "Do Not Let Petroleum Hold You Back, Go Electricity Today."

For the 2.5 million people who live in this area, driving electric vehicles will be liberating in more ways than one. Nepal has no native fossil fuels, so every drop of oil used here has to come from India, which drains Nepal's limited foreign currency.

"Electric vehicles are important for Nepal," said Binod Prasad Shrestha, director of the Nepal office at Winrock International, an Arkansas nonprofit organization that supports Nepal's electric vehicle development.

"It helps with climate change mitigation," Shrestha said. "Also, we are now spending more on fossil fuel imports than what we make from our total exports."



 The vehicle, which weighs less than 600kg, is designed specifically to meet the needs of city travelers in sunny south-European regions, and has a maximum speed of 100km/h and a range of 20km.

The “vehicle’s performance met our expectations for the design. It showed very high stability on small radius curves and had an average energy consumption of around 80 Watt-hours per kilometer,” said Pietro Perlo, CEO of Interactive Fully Electrical Vehicles (IFEVS), who has coordinated the project.  The vehicle has been tested last month at Fiat’s testing track in Turin. Read more 






far as your typical electric car.


The car, which has been named Stella, has large solar panels on its roof and can travel up to 420 miles, the Daily Express reported.


The car, which can hold four passengers, can even travel around 250 miles without the sunshine.


Team Manager, Lex Hoefsloot, at Eindhoven University of Technology, said that his team strongly believes that the car of the future is much lighter, aerodynamic and efficient.


Hoefsloot asserted that solar panels are the solution for a sustainable future, and they can increase the range of your car.


He added that the solar cells on the roof of the car cost only 2,581 pounds.


Stella is also the world's first 'energy positive' car, which means that it produces more energy then it uses.


Made from lightweight materials, such as carbon fibre, the car weighs a mere 380kg, which is 1,120kg lighter than the average electric car. (ANI)






Pawan Kumar Goenka witnessed some major moves in the auto industry in his early career years. He was a principal research engineer with General Motors (GM) in Detroit for 14 years before switching to the Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) group, a US$16.2 billion conglomerate based in Mumbai, with more than 155,000 people in over 100 countries and a leadership position in utility vehicles, information technology, tractors and vacation ownership. M&M has been also expanding its presence in the automotive industry, aerospace, components, consulting services, defense, energy, financial services, logistics, real estate, retail and two-wheelers.

At M&M, Goenka spent his first 10 years in engineering and product development. In 2003, he was made chief operating officer of the automotive sector. He is currently president of both the automotive and farm equipment sectors. This gives him the biggest share -- 77%  -- of the M&M group's turnover. He also has unprecedented freedom to operate in a family-managed organization. "In 10 years of general management and a leadership position, I have gotten many opportunities and a lot of support from [chairman] Anand [Mahindra] and the board," he says. "I can grow grapes or sell trucks and not get confused." Goenka spoke to India 

India Knowledge@Wharton: The state of the automotive sector is often regarded as a proxy for the entire economy. Auto sales have been falling in India. What does it say to you about the Indian economy?

Pawan Goenka: The industrial scenario in general and the auto industry in particular have been going through tough and troubled times. In fact, inFY2013 [financial year 2013, April 2012 to March 2013], seven out of 12 industry sub-segments shrank and only 14 of the 32 auto original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in India posted volume growth. Today, the Indian auto industry is facing an extremely challenging situation in the form of a prolonged slowdown. Sales for medium and heavy commercial vehicles have declined for 16 consecutive months, while passenger car sales have declined for eight consecutive months, including the first quarter of FY14.

These are very difficult times for the industry, but there is hope in the form of a good monsoon. Further, with the festive season, we do expect some good news by the time we close the year.

If we analyze the root cause of what is ailing the industry, we find that demand for mobility solutions still exists and products satisfying varied customer segments are also available. The slowdown is partly due to the volatile economic environment -- uncertainty over economic growth, high vehicle financing rates and high inflation -- leading to people making fewer discretionary purchases, and rising fuel prices.

But I have confidence in the India growth story.

India Knowledge@Wharton: In this environment, what are the immediate and long-term prospects of M&M's automotive and farm equipment divisions?

Goenka: For our automotive business, we aspire to grow the brand globally in the utility vehicle (UV) space. This includes sports UVs and pick-up trucks. We intend to do this by building our own capabilities and also synergizing with Ssangyong [a Korean company taken over by M&M]. In the domestic market, our focus is to be a full range player and a good competitor across all product segments ranging from three wheelers to large commercial vehicles. Sustainable mobility is another focus area for us, and our intent is to have a leading presence in the electric vehicle (EV) space through our company Mahindra Reva.

On the tractor front, we are already the world's largest company by volume and have a very good presence in some niche segments in China and the U.S. Going forward, our focus will be to grow the product portfolio and, more importantly, to build the brand in the international markets.

Our farm equipment business cherishes the long-term aspiration of delivering "farm-tech prosperity". This aspiration requires us to go beyond the traditional product range of tractors and other farm mechanization solutions. Today, we are actively focusing on developing our agri-business which includes seeds, crop care, water management solutions and exporting farm produce.

India Knowledge@Wharton: You had overtaken Tata Motors in passenger cars. What is the situation today? What are your ambitions?

Goenka: Our aspiration is to have sustainable and profitable growth, which M&M has delivered consistently over the past 10 years or so. Our aspiration is to grow our brand both outside and within India, which is progressing well....

On Tata Motors, what I can say is that the company has deep-rooted strengths and is a strong player in the domestic and internal markets. The company is presently undergoing a transformation and I expect it to emerge stronger.

India Knowledge@Wharton: Can you describe your international footprint?

Goenka: We sell our products in more than 40 countries globally. In FY13 we sold over 145,000 vehicles and tractors outside our home markets, which are India and Korea. This number translates to about 15% of our total global volume.

In the automotive business, we have a very good presence in South Africa through our own subsidiary, Mahindra South Africa. Other countries where our products have good acceptance are Sri Lanka, Nepal, Chile, Brazil and Peru. Through Ssangyong, our presence is spread across Australia, Russia, parts of Europe and China.

In the tractor business, we have manufacturing operations in the U.S. and China through our companies Mahindra China and Mahindra USA. In the U.S., we are the third largest tractor company in the relevant segment.

India Knowledge@Wharton: You are the only company in the world to straddle the entire spectrum from two-wheelers to commercial vehicles to tractors. Surely you need different corporate strategies and cultures to tackle these different markets?

Goenka: Yes, each business has different strategies as the target customers and the competitive landscape is different. However, what lies underneath is the common fabric of Mahindra....

While the front end for each business calls for different positioning and go-to-market strategies, at the back end it is a different story. Our focus is to leverage synergies across multiple fronts -- sourcing, logistics, IT infrastructure and talent management. The benefits are wide ranging, including more efficient management of working capital, cross learning and significant synergy in product development. Thanks to synergies, we have now become a formidable force when it comes to procurement, manufacturing, supply chain and brand spends.

We have a reasonably decentralized operating structure, where each business is responsible for its strategy, growth and P&L.

India Knowledge@Wharton: Will you give the rationale for your two-wheeler and electric car ventures?

Goenka: We are a full-range player offering a wide spectrum of mobility solutions, from small-size personal mobility vehicles to heavy-duty trucks and tippers.... In the future, we believe that electric vehicles will be at the core of sustainable mobility solutions and the recently-launched Mahindra e2o is the first step in that direction. So what we offer is very different from any other Indian manufacturer. We are a one-stop shop for every mobility requirement.

India Knowledge@Wharton: I understand you have plans to get into agri-inputs and micro-irrigation?

Goenka: With respect to our farm business, we have always said that we want to go beyond tractor mechanization and provide agri solutions across the value chain.... We constantly look at opportunities that will benefit our farmers [and] improve their yields. Agri-inputs and micro-irrigation play key roles.

India Knowledge@Wharton: Your takeover of Ssangyong of Korea has been a financial drain -- when do you expect to turn the corner and what are your plans?

Goenka: Acquisition of Ssangyong was a very significant step taken by us as a part of our globalization strategy. The objective is to leverage synergies in the areas of technology, product development, sourcing and channel. A strong product portfolio is the backbone of our plans and, overall, we are ahead in the plans we had set out. We have made very good progress on areas such as the development of a new engine family and an all-new vehicle platform. Further, the company has had a positive change in consumer perception through a slew of new launches and refreshes. Efforts are underway for an early turnaround of the company to improve its corporate value.

India Knowledge@Wharton: Your joint ventures with foreign auto majors (Mahindra-Renault, Mahindra-Navistar, Mahindra-Ford) have all ended with M&M buying out the partner. What went wrong?

Goenka: I have always said that our experience with joint ventures [JVs] has been very good. All the three JVs -- the Ford JV, the Renault JV and the Navistar JV -- have done for the Mahindras what they endeavored to do. I can say the same for our partners Ford and Renault, but clearly not for Navistar. What the JVs did not do was give direct, bottom-line results. But in terms of what they were supposed to deliver, they did well.

The Ford JV gave Ford an entry into the Indian market and gave Mahindra the knowledge of modern manufacturing and product development.

The Renault JV gave Renault entry into the Indian market and gave Mahindra entry into the passenger car market and updated our knowledge of manufacturing and procurement.

The Navistar JV gave Mahindra the confidence to get into the heavy commercial vehicle (HCV) market. Unfortunately, Navistar had to exit the JV because of issues in their home market.

We still have good relations with all three companies and continue to work to explore areas of cooperation. Going forward, we are open to alliances for the right reasons.

India Knowledge@Wharton: Your background is in R&D. How important is R&D in the automobile industry in India?

Goenka: Our focus on developing in-house R&D capabilities has always been key for us. With the launch of the Scorpio, we were the first Indian OEM to have fully developed a product completely indigenously. MRV, our brand-new technology and product development centre at Chennai, is now fully operational. The XUV500, which was launched in September 2011, was completely developed at MRV.

India Knowledge@Wharton: You have been a supporter of "frugal engineering" -- innovating to reduce the final product price. The Logan (introduced in collaboration with Renault) is held as a key example of such "frugality". Can you sell a "frugal" car in the U.S.?

Goenka: To set things in the right perspective, the frugal approach we talk about is not about cutting corners on quality or the final output quality. Frugal engineering is more to do with maximizing the value of the money we spend. Frugal would mean that we sometimes question an unnecessary expense of a few cents, but [we do] not question spends of one thousand dollars [when it] gives us value worth that of two thousand dollars.

As we look at our product development plan, [including] how many engineers report on the project, how many vehicles we need to build for testing, where do we get certain components [and] which equipment do we buy, we look at what we can do without. These elements have to do the most important job at hand, albeit without compromising on quality because the consumer should never feel any difference between frugal and otherwise regular engineering.

India Knowledge@Wharton: You are a professional entering a family-run business. You are now heading the largest and most important cluster -- the automotive and farm equipment sector which accounts for 77% of the consolidated income and 66% of the profit. How difficult was it?

Goenka: That's the evolution that has happened for me on the personal front and I can say that there are three distinct parts of my career and at that point of time, I wouldn't have traded that part of my career for anything else.

So the first part in GM, the first 14 years of my career, I was in pure R&D work. I had a very enjoyable stint, good career growth and all that was great at that time. The second part in Mahindra from 1993 to 2003, was about 10 years of engineering, product development work, which was a lot of learning for me. I would not trade those 10 years for anything else. From 2003 till [now has been] 10 years of general management and leadership position, and I have gotten so many opportunities -- some successful, some not so successful and lot of support from Anand and the board, getting me into a situation where I can grow grapes or sell trucks and not get confused.

India Knowledge@Wharton: Is M&M an example of the changes happening in Indian family-run businesses? Or is M&M a different story because chairman Anand Mahindra has no sons to inherit?

Goenka: M&M has the lineage of being a US$16.2 billion federation of companies [that started from] being just an assembly plant 60 years back. Each business has its own strong leadership team, which is professional.

India Knowledge@Wharton: You came back from the U.S. to join M&M. In the auto sector there has been a large number of expats joining Indian companies and the local operations of foreign companies. Why is this so prominent in the auto sector?

Goenka: I would primarily attribute this trend to the economic shift toward India and other emerging markets, which offer more interesting and lucrative assignments. Further, it also enhances different cultural skill sets among individuals and hence an assignment in India is core to one's career development.

Having said that, the automotive industry in India is still in a development phase and the potential for the future is immense. This has led to OEMs and suppliers from every automotive producing country to have an India presence. Today, the Indian industry has a healthy mix of nationalities such as French, Americans and Japanese to name a few.

India Knowledge@Wharton: How do you see M&M compared with global auto majors a decade from now or two decade from now?

Goenka: More than M&M, I would like to see the Indian automotive industry take center stage on the global landscape. It should design and develop world-class products that become industry benchmarks and excite customers globally. The industry should be an aspirational workplace where global talent would aspire to work. And if the country gets there, I am sure Mahindra will be right in the front leading that change.


You may not have a hydrogen gas filling station near your home anytime soon since there are less than 300 of them worldwide, most of which are in the US and Europe. However, that’s no reason why one should not celebrate the development of India’s first hydrogen-powered automobile bus by Tata Motors Ltd. and the Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) after several years of research. The hydrogen-fueled bus was demonstrated at the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, an Isro facility in Mahendragiri in Tamil Nadu on 30 July, according to a 28 July Press Trust of India (PTI) report. Hydrogen, bottled at high pressure, is stored on the top of the bus, the report said, adding the hydrogen cells were a spin-off of the cryogenic technology that Isro had been developing for the last few years. Cryogenics relates to the study of very low temperatures. To store hydrogen in liquid form, it must be cooled to -423 °F. The concept of having hydrogen-powered cars is not new. What is heartening, though, is that the idea is coming close to becoming a production reality. On 28 January, Ford, Renault-Nissan, and Daimler said they will jointly develop technology to make “affordable, mass-market” fuel cell vehicles by 2017, investing equal amounts into the effort. A week before this announcement, BMW and Toyota announced a similar joint development deal. Toyota says it will unveil a hydrogen fuel-cell-powered sedan later this year that will go on sale in 2015. In 2012, Hyundai (the ix35) and Honda said they were committed to fuel cell-driven vehicles. Besides the obvious reason of the world running out of fossil fuels, the move to develop fuel cell-driven vehicles are also the result of a push from governments. For instance, in 2003, President George Bush announced the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative (HFI) to develop hydrogen, fuel cell and infrastructure technologies to make fuel-cell vehicles practical and cost-effective by 2020. The US has committed more than $1 billion to fuel cell research and development so far. And fuel cell technology is part of China’s 12th Five-Year plan. For decades, NASA has relied upon hydrogen gas as rocket fuel to deliver crew and cargo to space. With the Centaur, Apollo and space shuttle vehicles, NASA has developed extensive experience in the safe and effective handling of hydrogen. Hydrogen is the lightest element, yet it has the highest energy content per unit weight of all fuels. Its energy density (at 52,000 Btu/lb) is three times greater than that of petrol. Hydrogen is seldom found on its own in nature. It typically combines with oxygen and carbon. Hydrogen can be extracted from virtually any hydrogen-containing compound, including both renewable and non-renewable resources. Regardless of the fuel source, fuel cells utilize hydrogen with little to no polluting emissions, making hydrogen the ultimate clean energy carrier. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity. Fuel cell vehicles use a completely different propulsion system than conventional vehicles that can be two to three times more efficient. The vast majority of today’s hydrogen is produced via steam reformation of natural gas (95% in the US, roughly 48% globally), but alternative sources such as biogas are growing in popularity. Hydrocarbon fuels--methanol, ethanol, natural gas, petroleum distillates, liquid propane, and gasified coal--can yield hydrogen in a process called reforming. Water electrolysis is another method. When an electric current is introduced into water, hydrogen and oxygen are separated, with hydrogen forming at the cathode and oxygen forming at the anode. Electricity can be provided from any source, but using solar and wind energy to electrolyze water provides the cleanest pathway to produce hydrogen. This model is being used in some hydrogen refueling stations and in renewable energy storage systems that utilize hydrogen. Like all-electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles use electricity to power motors located near the vehicle’s wheels. In contrast to electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles produce their primary electricity using a fuel cell powered by hydrogen. The most common type of fuel cell for vehicle applications is the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM). Other fuel cells include the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), the alkaline fuel cell (AFC), the molten-carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), the phosphoric-acid fuel cell (PAFC) and the direct-methanol fuel cell (DMFC)--not all of which are suitable for cars. Fuel cell vehicles fueled with pure hydrogen emit no pollutants, only water and heat. Vehicles that use secondary fuels and a reformer produce only small amounts of air pollutants. However, creating an infrastructure for hydrogen distribution and delivery to thousands of individual fueling stations presents many challenges. Because hydrogen contains less energy per unit volume than petrol/diesel, transporting, storing, and delivering it to the point of end-use is more expensive. Hydrogen can be stored as either a liquid or a gas. To store hydrogen in liquid form, hydrogen must be cooled to -423 °F, requiring a tremendous amount of energy. Therefore, hydrogen produced in large quantities is usually pressurized as a gas then stored in caverns, gas fields, or mines before being piped to the consumer as natural gas is today, although storage technologies too are improving with time.


 July 11, 2013 (ENS) – India’s Prime Minister Manmohan Singh Wednesday put his government’s stamp of approval on the rapid development of hybrid and electric vehicles, despite “uncertainties on the horizon.”

India has the potential to emerge as a “global manufacturing hub for electric and hybrid vehicles,” Prime Minister Singh and the High Level Committee on Manufacturing concluded at a meeting in New Delhi.

The meeting was convened to draw a roadmap for boosting competitiveness and output in three “strategic” industries –  electric and hybrid vehicles, civilian aircraft manufacture, and advanced materials and composites as well as in two “important” sectors – textiles and steel.

electric cars

India’s Mahindra Reva electric vehicle, the e2o (Photo courtesy Mahindra Reva Electric Vehicles Private Ltd.)

All the ministers and officials of departments relating to the manufacturing sector were in attendance, including the ministers of science and technology, micro, small and medium enterprises, heavy industry, civil aviation, steel, textiles and the deputy chairman of the Planning Commission.

The discussion centered around the proposals made by the National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council, which were presented by the Chairman Dr. V. Krishnamurty.

Prime Minister Singh said, “On electric and hybrid transport, civilian aircraft production and advanced materials, I agree that we should start working for the future, even if it takes time and even though there are uncertainties on the horizon.”

“There are certain manufacturing sectors which have undoubtedly done well over the last 20 years. Automobiles, auto-components, pharmaceuticals, metals and cement are some such areas which quickly come to one’s mind,” he said. “However, we have not been able to leverage our strengths both in traditional industries and in emerging sectors to the extent we could have.”

That is about to change as the structure of India’s economy shifts from agriculture to manufacturing, said the Prime Minister.

Electric and hybrid vehicles “are the key to low carbon transport,” because they do not generate pollution while moving, the Committee concluded, agreeing to proceed with electric and hybrid vehicle development projects in India’s largest cities.

The Committee endorsed the launch of public transport pilot projects for electric and hybrid vehicles, such as three wheelers, mini buses and larger buses.

The first trials will take place in Delhi to be followed by other metropolitan areas after necessary approvals are obtained.

The Committee decided that these pilot projects would be implemented by city-specific special purpose vehicles – not motor vehicles but business associations similar to companies that help in separating risk and freeing up capital for big projects.

Within four weeks an Inter-Ministerial Group that includes the Chief Secretary of Delhi will work out implementation details for the first pilot project in Delhi, which is targeted for launch in August.




Delhi will host trials for hybrid three-wheelers, mini-buses and buses from August as the government explores the use of alternate fuel-based transport under a policy regime expected to involve subsidies to incentivize production.


A review of "strategic industries" conducted by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Tuesday approved pilot projects for use of electric and hybrid vehicles for public transport as they are non-polluting and help conserve fossil fuels. A ministerial steering committee that includes Delhi's chief secretary will work out implementation modalities for the first pilot project in four weeks.


11.4 million EV charging stations installed worldwide.



* Mahindra E20 EV Coming Soon to India



Mahindra E20



Hyundai i10 EV


Buy New Hyundai i10 EV Cars in India

Hyundai i10 EV is a battery powered electric car that is expected to roll out in India very soon. The small hatch back model will be the first electric car of Hyundai in India. The Hyundai i10 EV is equipped with a 16.4 KWh lithium-ion polymer battery electric motor that produces a power of 65 hp. Once fully charged, the Hyundai i10 EV can drive for a distance of 140 to 160 km. The motor is capable of driving the car up to a top speed of 130 km/hr.

The Hyundai i10 EV features a Virtual Engine Sound System, which produces an artificial humming noise that warns pedestrians that the car is approaching. Most of its exterior resembles the basic i10 model. Stylishly cut front bumpers, body coloured rear view mirrors with half black coating, windows positioned at proper lines, etc are some key highlights of this car. The electric car may be priced at over Rs 4 lakhs and is expected to be launched by mid 2013.

Read more:



Mahindra Reva to launch NXR Electric Vehicle (EV) christened as E2O by November 2012

Finally some good news for EV lovers in India.

Good news for the sustainability addicts too.


Great news for those opting for green consumersim in india.

Mahindra Reva Electric Vehicles Private Limited (MREVPL), an arm of Mahindra and Mahindra Limited (M&M), is working towards the media build up and promotional strategies of its upcoming brand new Electric Vehicle (EV). Christened as E2O(e-two-oh), the new EV is expected to hit M&M showrooms by the end of November 2012. Reportedly, it is the Reva NXR that has been renamed as E2O, so as to give the vehicle a slightly more Mahindra touch. The E2O is MREVPLs first product to have been assembled at its new state-of-the-art eco-friendly facility in Bangalore and is expected to carve a new benchmark in the Indian EV market, which is nothing short of non existent at present. It has been revealed that the company has put in around Rs. 2,500 crore in its Bangalore based EV production unit till now.The upcoming E2O EV is anticipated to house a close to 40 bhp capable motor powered by 48 Volt compact Lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries, which are more economical than the higher end and the much more expensive Lead acid batteries. Accordingly, MREVPL seems to have been insistent in bringing down the net cost of its new EV, thereby enabling it to compete against the likes of conventional petrol or diesel run hatchbacks in the Indian passenger car market.The pricing is going to play a huge part in deciding the fate of E2O in the country. Top industry boffins are expecting the new EV to come with a price tag close to Rs. 5 or 6 lacs for the Li-ion variant, while around Rs. 10 lacs for the model powered by Lead Acid batteries, in case the company introduces one. source

* California, Florida, Washington Have Highest Hybrid, EV Sales





President flags off solar powered passenger carSTAFF REPORTERSHARE  ·   COMMENT   ·   PRINT   ·     President Pranab Mukharjee having a close look at the India's first Passenger Solar Electric Vehicle '' ARKA-The Sun Car designed by Delhi Technological University Solaris Team at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi on September 04, 2012. Photo: R.V. MoorthyThe HinduPresident Pranab Mukharjee having a close look at the India's first Passenger Solar Electric Vehicle '' ARKA-The Sun Car designed by Delhi Technological University Solaris Team at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi on September 04, 2012. Photo: R.V. Moorthy

Developed by Delhi Technological University students

President Pranab Mukherjee flagged off a solar-powered passenger car developed by Delhi Technological University at Rashtrapati Bhavan here on Tuesday.

The car has been designed and developed by a team of interdisciplinary group of under-graduate students headed by Dhiraj Mishra of the Electronics and Communication Engineering Department of DTU.

The eco-friendly car with zero emission has a high speed of 120 km/hour. A sedan with a seating capacity for two, it has the option of adding three more seats, a DTU official said.


The car flagged off from Rashtrapati Bhavan will represent India at the Sasol Solar Challenge to be held in South Africa between September 15 and 29.

Solar cars from across the world will participate in the competition, which will cover 4,200 km along the coastline of South Africa.

The DTU solar car, code-named ‘Solaris’, is one of the most innovative projects of DTU, earlier called the Delhi College of Engineering.

According to DTU Vice-Chancellor Prof. P. B. Sharma, the body of the car is made of special grade matt fibre in order to keep the solar car light in weight and performance oriented.

Flexible modules of mono crystalline solar silicon cells of 21.4 per cent efficiency have been pasted all over the top of the body in order to entrap maximum solar energy. In all, 800 W is generated from the solar modules.

Speaking on the occasion, Prof. Sharma said the future of automobiles in India lies in solar power and hybrid vehicles. He stated that DTU is firmly committed to empower India’s solar powered vehicles and solar power generation systems.

The innovations in the area of solar car began with the university team designing the first solar car of India to participate in the World Solar Challenge organised in Australia in 2011.   source




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    EV Two Wheelers in India

    New technologies for vehicles and traffic management will be the key to lower transport emissions around the world. The race for sustainable mobility is a global one and the role of electric vehicles in achieving this is paramount. Electric two-wheelers, which include vehicles ranging from electric bicycles to electric scooters, are becoming increasingly popular and important forms of urban transport in Asian cities, particularly in India. While electric two-wheelers popularity is not as evident as it is in China, their acceptance and adoption in India is much more modest in recent years. The potential environmental benefit of electric two-wheelers could be significant, especially if electric two-wheelers completely replace gasoline scooters and motorcycles.

    Forecast for Electric Two Wheelers

    Increasingly accepted as a capable form of transportation, particularly in densely populated urban areas, electric two-wheel vehicles, a category that includes electric bicycles, motorcycles, and scooters, will spread rapidly in years to come.

    According to Pike research, the worldwide sales of electric two-wheelers are expected to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.4% through 2016. While electric two-wheel vehicles tend to be a lifestyle choice in North America and much of Western Europe, in the Asiatic region theyre used more as primary means of transportation.

    Rising incomes and increased urbanization are driving the need for, and the ability to purchase, reliable transportation, and electric two-wheel vehicles fill a growing niche. Battery improvements that extend the range and speed of the vehicles will also hasten adoption of e bikes.

    Electric bicycles and electric scooters have seen substantial growth in sales around the world in recent years, while outside China, the electric motorcycle market remains in the early adopter stage. Chinas market for e-bikes and e-motorcycles dwarfs demand from all other regions combined, and consists of 98% of the global market. While demographics, social and economic forces align to encourage market growth of e-bikes and e-scooters, a lack of a well-defined retail channel hampers faster adoption in North America and Europe.

    While countries in the Asia Pacific region, particularly China, will continue to account for the vast majority of electric two wheeler sales in the next several years, the fastest growth is expected to occur in the Middle East (54% CAGR), Latin America (30%), and North America (24%). While government-funded incentives for electric two wheelers are becoming more common, the infrastructure required for safe low-speed electric vehicles, such as separate lanes, is often an afterthought for governments particularly in developing countries.

    Source: Pike Research

    It will be tough for electric scooters to compete head on with petrol variants because of the on-demand performance that petrol scooters have. A real pain point for electric scooters is that it needs about 8 hours for full charging to take place (4 hours for 80% charging). Hence, the best market segments could be people who are starting to ride anew, and people for whom the scooter demand is for short distances.

    Forecast for Electric Two Wheelers India

    Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) offers a 20 per cent incentive to Electric Vehicle makers on the ex-factory prices of all electric vehicles, subject to a maximum limit. Two-wheeler makers have also been given a subsidy ceiling of Rs 4,000 for low-speed vehicles and Rs 5,000 for high-speed vehicles. Manufacturers would, however, have to register with Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles (SMEV) for availing of the scheme. Registration would be provided on meeting eligibility norms, which include having 30 per cent indigenous content in the vehicles sold, a sizeable operation in retail and after sales outlets and a multi-point check system for accounting the retail sale. The total incentive package of Rs 95-crore incentives is being extended by the Government to the industry. Most of the manufacturers have announced that they will be passing on this benefit to the consumer.  According to reports, this subsidy will be applicable till 2011-12, after which it will be merged with the National Electric Vehicle Policy that is currently being formulated.

    For 2010-11, the government supported sales of 20,000 units and 10,000 units of low-speed and high-speed two-wheelers, respectively, while it has proposed to support the sales of 80,000 units of low speed and 20,000 units of high speed electric vehicles in 2011-12.

    Apart from the subsidy, the government has decided to offer full exemption from basic customs duty and a concessional rate of central excise duty of four per cent on batteries imported by manufacturers. This would definitely help the electric vehicle industry to double its sale by year end.

    Electric two wheelers offers a lot of advantage over the petrol powered variants but has the prominent drawback that is preventing the wide spread market adoption of electric vehicles is their charging time. The current market share of electric vehicles is 1% in India and with improvements in technology, it is expected that the market share would increase to 5% by 2015. Hybrid Vehicles (petrol + electric) is new to the market and with the recharging advantage it offers, one can expect its market diffusion to be rapid.  The market size of electric + hybrid in India is Rs. 250 crores in 2010 which is expected to reach Rs Rs. 1490 crores by 2015

     A scenario analysis of the two wheeler industry in India

    Scenario Analysis





    All # in lakhs










    Total motorcycle sales





    Total pure electrics





    Total hybrids





    Total of H+PE










    % market share for electric and hybrid





    Total pure electric sales as a % of total





    Total hybrid electric sales as a % of total










    Total market revenues for H+PE










    Total pure electrics





    Total hybrids





    Total of H+PE





    Comparison between Different Two Wheelers



    Current Technology

    Upgraded Technology (Cutting Edge)

    Price (Rs)



    Motor scooter









    Hybrid Scooter



    Range (km)



    Motor scooter









    Hybrid Scooter



    Recharge time (min)



     Motor scooter






     E- scooter



    Hybrid Scooter

    5./ 120

    5. / 10

    Fuel/electricity cost (Rs/km)



     Motor scooter









    Hybrid Scooter

    1.08 / 0.06

    1.08 / 0.09

    Maintenance cost (Rs/15,000 km)



     Motor scooter









    Hybrid Scooter



    VAT + registration tax



     Motor scooter









    Hybrid Scooter




    Source: Asian Development Bank


    Electric Two Wheeler  Industry
    Electric Two Wheeler Companies in India


    Bajaj Auto

    BPG Motors

    BSA Motors

    Eko Vehicles

    Hero Electric

    Lectrix E

    Lohia Auto

    Yo Bikes

     Hybrid Two Wheeler Companies

    Of the 8 electric two wheeler manufacturers, only Eko manufactures Hybrid Vehicle TVS Motor Company has manufactured eight hybrid variants of its two-wheelers during end of 2010. The TVS Streak, TVS Jive and TVS Wego were attempted for a hybrid but they are yet to be commercialized.

    Two Wheeler Companies worldwide

    Yamaha, Honda, Piaggo launched their hybrid variants in the year 2010 but commercial sales yet to take off in a big way. eCycle Inc, Zero Motorcycle and Vectrix have proposed plans for entering the hybrid two wheelers market.


    What next

    In recent months, Asia Pacific countries have proposed electric two wheeler (electric bicycle, electric bike, hybrid bike, hybrid bicycle) roadmaps, automotive carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions standards, and national incentive plans. India has also dramatically increased incentives, subsidies, and other benefits to encourage consumer adoption of electric vehicles. Establishment of aggressive goals, subsidies for EV purchasers, research and development (R&D) support and demonstration projects, tax incentives, are definitely driving the market for electric two wheelers in India. Two key drivers for the widespread market adoption of electric two wheelers include climate concerns and oil prices. The potential for reducing CO2 by electrifying transportation is slowly gaining the attention of local and national government officials across the country due to concerns about the contribution of transportation emissions to climate change. In contrast, market barriers will be caused by consumer concerns about the driving range of electric two wheelers and the lack of charging stations.


    Pure Electric 

    Wide spread market adoption of pure electric two wheelers would happen in India only if the problem of long recharging time is solved with upgraded technology and commercialization of such disruptive technological innovation is highly uncertain.  However, such a disruption would change the dynamics of the two wheeler market in India.


    Hybrid Vehicles  

    Hybrid vehicles are at a very nascent stage in India as is the case throughout the world. There is no evidence for the wide spread market adoption of hybrid two wheelers anywhere in the world. However, for the benefits they offer, it can be expected that hybrid two wheelers will diffuse into the Indian two wheeler market fairly quickly.



  • Nithya
    Nithya -

    TT history was made today as Michael Rutter broke the 100mph barrier on his Segway MotoCzysz electric powered machine, equipped with Pirelli tyres.
    The experienced race star took the £10,000 cheque in the ‘TT Zero’ class, for the first electric powered 100mph lap, after narrowly missing out by just 0.4mph last year.Michael Rutter - Isle of Man TT 2012

    In this video, Robert Llewellyn tests out 5 different electric bikes, ranging from a simple electric bike with a small rear hub-mounted motor which you would mistake for a regular non-assisted bike, to the Zero proper electric motorbike, capable of a top speed of 150 km/h (90 mph).8/6/12

  • kusuman
    kusuman -

    Government should give subsidy for electric car to promote the use of electric car,which is echo friendly. Let us not pollute our air to breath and for the future  Like

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