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Karnataka Solar Energy Policy, Projects and Business Opportunities, karnataka solar incentives, subsidies, rebates, solar business opportunities in hotels, colleges, Steps Involved in Roof-top Solar PV System Designing with Battery Backup

                    TABLE OF CONTENTS  1.LATEST SOLAR NEWS AND VIEWS IN KARNATAKA   


 2.CAPITAL COST OF SOLAR  PV  MW SCALE POWER PLANTS     CAPITAL COST AS PER CERC  ,   CAPITAL COST OF TIER 1/ TIER 2   ,   BEST PRACTICES AND WORST PRACTICES ,   CAPITAL COST OF SOLAR THERMAL CPV/CSP /MICRO CSP 
 3.TWO ROUTES TO SOLAR POWER GENERATION :    PPA / REC     PPA AND 3RD PARTY PPA ,   APPC PLUS REC ,   AMENDMENTS TO REC ,   THIRD PARTY PPA PLUS REC ,   CAPTIVE POWER PLANT PLUS REC  
 4.IDEAL LAND FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS    SOIL TESTING  ,   CAPITAL GAINS TAX  ,   MODES OF ACQUIRING LAND FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS ,   LAND ISSUES ,   LAND CONVERSION PROCEDURE  AND FORM   
 5.SOLAR POWER GENERATION PROJECT FINANCING       LINKS TO BANKS THAT LEND LOAN FOR SOLAR IN KARNATAKA ,   PRE FINANCING BY EPC COMPANIES ,   SUPLIERS CREDIT ,   EXIM FINANCING-LOW COST INTERNATIONAL FUNDING -  PRACTICAL !? ,   LIBOR ,   NON-RECOURSE PROJECT FINANCING  ,   COMMISSION FOR GETTING BANK LOANS   
 6.REC    REC ACCREDITATION ,   REC REGISTERATION ,   REC TRADING  ,   REC - OBLIGATED ENTITIES ,   REC NEWS. 
 7.APPC COST PER UNIT STATE WISE 
 8.ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION    WHAT IS AD ? ,STIPULATION OF 31st March and 1st Sept ,SUDDEN CHANGE OF DEPRECIATION POLICY ! ? ,HOW TO BENEFIT FROM AD ?
 9.SUBSTATION LOCATIONS AND POWER GENERATION POTENTIAL 
 10.GRID CONNECTIVITY AND  EVACUATION PROCEDURE
 11.SOLAR PARK : AVAILABILITY IN KARNATAKA       ADVANTAGES  ,      DISADVANTAGES
 12.STEPS FOR SOLAR CAPTIVE FOR FACTORY
 13.SOLAR NEWS
14.KARNATAKA SOLAR POLICY   
 15.DESIGN OF ROOF TOP
 16.OTHER SOLAR BUSINESS OPURTUNITIES
 17REGISTERED  SPV SUPPLIERS
 19.DNI DETAILS SOLAR NEWS AND GENERATION POTENTIAL IN DISTRICTS IN KARNATAKA
 20.GROUND ZERO AND ENTIRE BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
 21.FAQ'S   
 22. ALL  RELATED  LINKS
   1. LATEST NEWS AND VIEWS    * Karnataka Solar Policy 2014    *  Target set for producing 1,000 MW of solar power  in Karnataka !  T          ‘Govt. committed to popularising solar energy’ Minister for Energy D.K. Shivakumar on Tuesday said that the government had set a target of producing 1,000 MW of solar power. Tenders had been invited to set up solar plants with total capacity of 500 MW. Replying to C.H. Vijayashankar and Kota Srinivas Poojari (both of the BJP) in the Legislative Council, the Minister said the government was committed to promoting solar energy in a big way, thanks to the Solar Policy–2014 announced recently. The government planned to encourage households and entrepreneurs to generate solar power by installing solar units on rooftops, he said. Of the targeted 1,000 MW production, about 300 MW would be earmarked for farmers. They would be encouraged to set up small plants to run their solar-operated IP sets. The scheme would be implemented through Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd. (KREDL). Distribution companies and the Department of Social Welfare would be given the responsibility of identifying 808 beneficiaries and offer them IP sets. Rate contract tenders had been invited through KREDL, he said. The response from solar power producers was not enthusiastic, the Minister said, and added that some private companies who won tenders failed to supply power as promised. The department attached their bank guarantees and penalised them for not honouring the agreement, he said. Bidders were expected to get land and get it converted for non-agricultural purposes. Selected bidders should sign a memorandum of understanding with electricity supply companies to supply power to them, which would be for 25 years. Companies were expected to produce power within 18 months of signing the power purchase agreement, he said. source     * Karnataka Solar Tender for 450 MW  within  the  week  - Energy Minister D K Shivakumar: Latest news : The Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will call for tenders for the construction of 450-500 MW of grid connected solar power projects within the week according to Energy Minister D K Shivakumar. This is part of a larger target of 1,000 MW of grid connected renewable energy generation within the next 15 months, he said. The state’s attempts at encouraging wind power generation have so far been largely unsuccessful as only around 2,000 MW of a total of 12,000 MW of allotments have been commissioned. Renewable energy producers have also faced land acquisition problems due to restrictions. Shivakumar said these restrictions had been eased for solar power producers through a modification of a policy for land purchase. “Now, under section 109, any amount of land can be acquired for solar power projects. Conversion of land will be through the ‘deemed conversion’ route and any land approved for the same will be deemed to have been converted from agricultural use,” he said.   source  * 1000 MW solar in 15 months : Karnataka Tenders to set up solar plants with total capacity of 450 MW to be invited soon The State government has set a target of adding 1,000 MW of solar power to the State grid within 15 months, according to Energy Minister D.K. Shivakumar.   source * Karnataka Solar policy 2011 -16    * Karnataka commissions largest solar power plant       Sustainable energy developer, Welspun Renewable Energy has announced the commissioning of the largest solar project in the southern state of Karnataka, India.   The twin project totals 19MW, the first 8MW was commissioned last year, four months ahead of schedule, while the remaining 11MW took just three months to complete, coming online ten months ahead of schedule.   The solar power plants use tracker technology to increase the project's yield and generate more power for the state of Karnataka, which suffers from frequent blackouts.   The project is located in the Chitradurga district and will supply the grid for the next 25 years with enough clean energy to power 48,000 homes.   The 9MW project won a tender in the first phase of Karnataka’s state solar auction, of which, no other entries have commissioned projects yet.   http://www.pv-tech.org/news/indian_state_of_karnataka_commissions_largest_solar_power_plant 16/5/14        Karnataka Solar Tender :postponed!!!! Corrigendum-I with respect to Development of 50 MWs Solar Power Projects
Ref: KREDL/07/RPO/GC/RFP/2013-14 Date: 15.04.2014
Existing Clause Modified Clause
Sl
No.
Event Description Date Sl
No.
Event Description Date
1 Last date for receiving April 21,2014,1630Hrs        1 Last date for receiving April 25th ,2014,1630Hrs
2 Pre-Bid Conference April 21,2014,1430Hrs            2 Pre-Bid Conference April 25th ,2014,1430Hrs
3 Bid Due Date April 30,2014,1630 Hrs                       3 Bid Due Date 5th May,2014,1630 Hrs      " We Will Start a Solar Corridor in Bellary" : Rajnath Singh BJP national president Rajnath Singh on Wednesday said ore-rich Bellary will be made the ‘steel city of India’ if the BJP-led NDA is voted to power. Campaigning for party candidate B Sriramulu at the district stadium here, the BJP national president said various developmental projects will be introduced in the city. “We will start a solar corridor in Bellary. Also, various agriculture-based industries will be set up to empower farmers,” he said.  Singh said the BJP-led NDA, if voted to power, will  maintain a balance between demand and supply, provide for a ‘price stabilisation fund’ and make changes in the Food Corporation of India. He blamed the Congress government in the state for farmer suicides.  Slams Sonia, PM Over Border Issues  Rajnath blamed AICC president Sonia Gandhi and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for remaining tight lipped on the alleged Chinese invasion in Arunachal Pradesh and the beheading of Indian soldiers by the Pakistan army.Blaming the UPA government for failing to utilise resources in nation-building activities, Singh said only the BJP can take the country on a development path.BJP leader Ananth Kumar said the party will regain its hold over Bellary with Sriramulu winning the polls. Former chief minister Yeddyurappa appealed to people to vote for Sriramulu and send him to Delhi so that he can get funds to desilt the Tungabhadra Dam.  ‘Will Ensure No Farmer Ends Life’  Tumkur: BJP national president Rajnath Singh on Wednesday said the BJP will ensure that no single farmer commits suicide within three years of it taking the reins at the Centre for which adequate measures such as farm insurance will be introduced. He was speaking at a rally at Kunigal. He also urged Chief Minister Siddaramaiah to apologise publicly for his derogatory statement against Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi.  The BJP will lodge a complaint against the CM with the Election Commission if he does not tender an apology. Siddaramaiah had called Modi a ‘murderer’ (narahanthaka). more..   Karnataka Solar Tender Deadline EXTENDED! The Indian state of Karnataka has issued a request for proposals (RFP) for 50 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) capacity, as phase 3 of the state's solar policy. The bid submission deadline is April 30th, 2014. RESolve Energy Consultants (Chennai, India) states that this RFP was required as some of the lowest winning bidders from the previous solicitation declined to sign power purchase agreements (PPAs), stating that the projects were not viable due to the low prices. “It may be recalled that the tariffs quoted in Karnataka was among the lowest in the country (Minimum at INR 5.51/kWh),” notes RESolve Energy Consultants. “It is also learnt that the option of blacklisting developers who had declined to sign the PPAs is being considered. The blacklisted bidders might not be able to participate in any bidding process anywhere in the country.”   No L1 process It is notable that neither the current RFP nor the previous one use the L1 bidding process, the notorious process by which winning bidders are all offered the price of the lowest bid. Instead, Karnataka has opted for more standard reverse auction processes. RESolve notes that the RFP is similar to one the released a year prior, with bidders limited to 10 MW of projects per bidding group, with projects 3–10 MW in size. Benchmark tariffs will be INR 8.40 (USD 0.14) per kWh for PV and INR 10.92 (USD 0.18) per kWh for CSP projects. more..




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  RFP DETAILS FOR 50MW SOLAR POWER PLANT   Background

Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd. (“Authority”/ “KREDL”) incorporated under the
Companies Act, 1956 is a nodal agency of the Government of Karnataka to facilitate the
development of renewable energy in the State of Karnataka. KREDL processes all applications
received for setting up of renewable energy generating plants and based on their recommendation,
Government of Karnataka (“GoK”) approves and grants rights to such independent power
producers set up their generation plants in the State. Subsequently, KREDL also monitors progress of
various renewable energy projects in the State.

In furtherance of the said objective and in line with the Renewable energy Purchase Obligations
(“RPO”) set out by Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission (“KERC”), GoK intends to undertake
development of 50 (Fifty) MW of solar thermal and/or solar PV power plants in the State of
Karnataka in the third phase (hereinafter referred to individually as the “Project” and collectively
referred as the “Projects”). GoK has, through KREDL, decided to carry out the bidding process for
selection of the Bidders to whom the Project(s) may be awarded.

Bidders are allowed to bid for one or more Project(s) based on the Eligibility Criteria stipulated in
this RFP.

This RFP document is common for all the Projects. It may be noted, however, that for all intents and
purposes the Projects are independent of each other and the Bidder shall, as part of its Financial Bid,
submit separate Effective Tariff (as defined in Clause 1.2.5) for each of the Project for which it is
submitting its Bids in accordance with this RFP document. Separate agreements shall have to be
entered for each Project with concerned electricity supply company (“ESCOMS”) (hereinafter
referred to as the “Power Purchase Agreement”).


1.1.1. The Selected Bidder shall be a company incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 (hereinafter
referred to as “Developer”) and will be responsible for design, finance, engineering, procurement,
construction, operation and maintenance of the Project under and in accordance with the provisions of
the Power Purchase Agreement to be entered into between the Developer and the concerned
ESCOM in the form provided by the Authority as part of the Bidding Documents pursuant hereto.

1.1.2. Capacity of the Project

A bidder may submit Bids for developing the Project(s) under solar thermal technology (Solar
Thermal Project) or solar PV technology (Solar PV Project) or both. The aggregate capacity offered
under this RFP Document is 50 MW. A Bidder could propose a maximum of three (3) Projects.
Provided that the minimum capacity of the project proposed by the Bidder shall be at least 3 MW
and the maximum capacity shall be 10 MW. However, the maximum capacity to be allotted to any
Bidder including its Group Business Entity (ies) either bidding as Single Business Entity or as a
Consortium shall not exceed 10 MW.
Development of Solar Power Projects in the State of Karnataka
Volume I- Request for Proposal
Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited 7
The Bidder shall furnish details of its Group Business Entity (ies) participating in the Bidding Process in
the format provided in Appendix I.

For avoidance of doubt following illustration is provided
a) Company A is the Bidder participating in the Bidding Process.
b) Company B, C and D are Group Business Entities of Company A.
c) Company A, B and C are bidding for Project(s) aggregating to capacity of 10 MW either as a
Single Business Entity or as a Consortium inclusive of both Solar Thermal and Solar PV Project.
d) Then, company D who is a Group Business Entity of company A cannot bid as a Single Business
Entity or as a member of any Consortium

The Bidder shall furnish details of its Group Business Entity(ies) participating in the Bidding Process in
the format provided in Appendix I.
1.1.3. Connectivity with the Grid

The Developer shall be responsible for power evacuation from the power plant to the nearest
sub-station/delivery point. The interconnection to the nearest substation/delivery point shall be at
the voltage level of 11KV for generation capacity of less than 5 MW. However for the purpose of
reliability, the Bidder may interconnect to the nearest substation/delivery point at a higher voltage
level. The Developer shall provide the interconnection to the nearest substation at the voltage level of
33/66/110/220 KV for generation capacity of 5 MW and above.

The Selected Bidder shall obtain power evacuation approval from Karnataka Power Transmission
Company Limited (“KPTCL”)/ESCOM, as the case may be, within 270 (Two Hundred and Seventy)
days of signing of the Power Purchase Agreement.

The Developer shall carry out maintenance of the transmission line during the Agreement Period.
However, applicable supervision charges shall be paid by the Developer.

1.1.4. Water Availability

This Clause is applicable in case the Bidder is bidding for the Solar Thermal Project(s). It would be the
responsibility of the Developer to make arrangements for the water required for the Project(s). The
Bidder shall submit documentary evidence in the form of approval from the Irrigation Department,
Government of Karnataka in case the water is proposed to be used from irrigation sources along
with the Bid.

1.1.5. The scope of work will broadly include development, operation and maintenance of the Project(s)
including supply of power at the Effective Tariff as per the draft Power Purchase Agreement1
during the tenure of the Power Purchase Agreement.

1.1.6. The Bidding Documents include this RFP and the draft Power Purchase Agreement.

1
The executed Power Purchase Agreement would be vetted KERC Development of Solar Power Projects in the State of Karnataka
Volume I- Request for Proposal
Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited 8
1.1.7. The draft Power Purchase Agreement sets forth the detailed terms and conditions for grant of the
right to the Developer to supply solar power to the ESCOM (the “Right”), including the scope of the
Developer’s services and obligations and is enclosed as Volume II of this RFP (the Power Purchase
Agreement executed by the Developer and ESCOM would be vetted by KERC).

1.1.8. The statements and explanations contained in this RFP are intended to provide a proper
understanding to the Bidders about the subject matter of this RFP and should not be construed or
interpreted as limiting in any way or manner the scope of services and obligations of the Developer
set forth in the draft Power Purchase Agreement or the Authority’s right to amend, alter, change,
supplement or clarify the scope of work, the Right to be awarded pursuant to this RFP or the terms
thereof or herein contained. Consequently, any omissions, conflicts or contradictions in the Bidding
Documents including this Volume I-Request for Proposal (“RFP”) are to be noted, interpreted and
applied appropriately to give effect to this intent, and no claims on that account shall be entertained
by the Authority.

1.1.9. The Authority shall receive Bids in accordance with the terms set forth in this RFP and other documents
to be provided by the Authority pursuant to this RFP (collectively the "Bidding Documents"), as
modified, altered, amended and clarified from time to time by the Authority, and all Bids shall be
prepared and submitted in accordance with such terms.

1.1.10. Under this RFP, a Bidder may submit Bids for one or more Project(s). The Bidder may propose to
develop different Project(s) in the same location, provided that each Project is separated by a
distinct boundary. It shall be the onus of the Bidder to prove that the Project(s) proposed have distinct
boundaries. In the event that the evidence provided by the Bidder is found to be unsatisfactory by
the Authority, such Bids shall be summarily rejected. However, the Project would be awarded to the
Bidder subject to it meeting the Eligibility Criteria set out for the Project. Bidders desirous of bidding
for more than one Project will be required to submit separate Effective Tariff for each of the Project.
For the purpose of identifying the Bidder to implement the Project, the Bids submitted by each Bidder
would be evaluated on the basis of the evaluation criteria set out in Section 3 of this RFP.

The Selected Bidder may change the location proposed during the RFP stage for the Project in the
event that land for the same cannot be acquired or for other technical reasons. In such a case, the
Project may also be split, however, the minimum capacity specified in the Bid Documents are to be
maintained. In no circumstance shall the Effective Tariff offered by the Bidder be changed due to
change in location.

1.2. Brief Description of Bidding Process

1.2.1. The Authority has adopted a single stage process (the “Bidding Process”) for selection of Bidders for
award of the Projects and invites Bids from eligible parties (“Bidders”), which expression shall, unless
repugnant to the context include the members of the Consortium, for the Project electronically in the
unified e-procurement platform of the Government of Karnataka www.eproc.karnataka.gov.in
(hereinafter referred to as “E-Procurement Website”) in accordance with the terms of this RFP.
Development of Solar Power Projects in the State of Karnataka
Volume I- Request for Proposal
Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited 9
1.2.2. The Bidders are requested to submit their Bids in accordance with the Bidding Documents. The Bid
shall be valid for a period of not less than 365 (Three Hundred and Sixty Five) days from the date
specified in Clause 1.3 for submission of Bids (the “Bid Due Date”).

1.2.3. The Bidding Documents include the Request for Proposal and draft Power Purchase Agreement for
the Project. The Bidding Documents and any addenda issued subsequent to this RFP, but before the
Bid Due Date, will be deemed to form part of the Bidding Documents.

1.2.4. The Bidders are required to deposit, along with its Bid, a bid security (“Bid Security”) of
Rs.20,00,000/- (Rupees Twenty Lakhs only) per MW. The Bid Security shall be refundable not as
per Clause 2.20.3 except in the case of the Selected Bidder(s) whose Bid Security shall be retained
till it has provided a Performance Security under the Power Purchase Agreement. The Bidder shall
pay a part of Bid Security equal to an amount of Rs. Rs.10,00,000/- (Rupees Ten Lakh only)
through E-Procurement Website, through any one of the following e-Payment options only.

Online payments:
1. Credit Card
2. Direct Debit
3. Internet Banking

Offline payments:
4. Remittance at the Bank Counter using challan (ICICI Bank only)
5. NEFT/RTGS

Please note that payment submitted through cheque or demand draft shall not be accepted. For
further details regarding e-payment, please refer to E-Procurement Website.

Remaining Bid Security2, for an amount derived by multiplying the capacity for which the Bidder is
submitting its bid with Rs. 20,00,000 (Rupees Twenty Lakhs) less Rs.10,00,000/- (Rupees Ten Lakh
only) submitted through e-payment shall be provided in the form of Bank Guarantee acceptable to
the Authority at the time of bid submission. The validity period of the Bank Guarantee shall not be
less than 365 days from the Bid Due Date, inclusive of a claim period of 60 (sixty) days, and may be
extended as may be mutually agreed between the Authority and the Bidder from time to time. The
Bid shall be summarily rejected if it is not accompanied by the Bid Security.

The Bid Security payable for the Project through E-Procurement Website and through bank
guarantee is set out in the table below:

Name of Assignment Bid Security Through
e- payment
By way of Bank
Guarantee
Development of Solar Power
Projects in the State of
Karnataka
Rs.20,00,000/-
per MW
Rs.10,00,000/- An amount to be
derived by each
Bidder based on the
capacity for which it
2 This amount would be different for each Bidder and shall be calculated based on the capacity for which it is submitting
its Bid for the Project(s). Development of Solar Power Projects in the State of Karnataka
Volume I- Request for Proposal
Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited 10
Name of Assignment Bid Security Through
e- payment
By way of Bank
Guarantee
is submitting its Bid
for the Project(s) less
the payment of Bid
Security made
through e-payment

Note: KREDL shall not be held responsible in case of failure on part of the Bidder to furnish part of the
Bid Security through E-Procurement Website or for rejection of Bids by E-Procurement for whatsoever
reasons. No correspondence shall be entertained by KREDL in this regard.

1.2.4(A) Bidders would need to submit the following sets of documents as part of their Bid;

a. “Key Submissions” to be submitted through E-Procurement Website as provided in Clauses
2.11.

b. “Financial Bid” to be submitted only through E-Procurement Website.
For the purpose of providing clarity on the Financial Bid to Bidders, a specimen for the Financial
Bid is provided in Appendix – VI”.

1.2.4 (B) The evaluation of the Bid submissions would be carried out in the following three stages:

a. The first stage would involve opening and evaluation of the Key Submissions and a test of
responsiveness based on the provisions of Clause 3.2 of the RFP. Those Bids found to be
substantially responsive would be evaluated in the second stage. KREDL reserves the right to
seek any document submitted in the E-Procurement Website in the form of hard copy for the
purpose of clarification.

b. In the second stage, the information of the Bidders relating to their eligible experience
comprising Technical Capacity and Financial Capacity (“Eligibility Criteria”) would be
evaluated as per Clause 3.3 of the RFP. Bidders who meet the Eligibility Criteria would qualify
for evaluation of their Financial Bid.

c. In the third stage, the Financial Bid in accordance with the provision of Clause 3.4 would be
opened and evaluated to identify the Selected Bidder(s).

1.2.5. Financial Bids are invited for the Project on the basis of the effective tariff after discount in
Rupees/kWh on KERC approved tariff (the “Effective Tariff”) offered by a Bidder for energy to be
sold to ESCOMs under the Agreement. The Effective Tariff payable by ESCOM/kWh to the Bidder
shall constitute the sole criteria for evaluation of the Financial Bids. The Agreement Period is
pre-determined, as indicated in the draft Power Purchase Agreement.

In case KERC issues a revised tariff order after the Bid Due Date and consequently, the Effective
Tariff of any of the Selected Bidder(s) is higher than the tariff notified by KERC, then the revised
tariff as notified by KERC would be applicable to those Selected Bidders. Development of Solar Power Projects in the State of Karnataka
Volume I- Request for Proposal
Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited 11

In case these Selected Bidders withdraw from the Bidding process or the PPA, the Bid Security/ the
Performance Security, as the case may be, would be forfeited.

1.2.6. Generally, the Bidder who quotes the lowest Effective Tariff will be selected first and so on till the
total aggregate capacity of 50 MW is reached. The remaining Bidders may be kept in reserve and
may be shortlisted in case any of the Selected Bidders withdraws or is not selected for any reason,
in accordance with the process specified in this RFP and as explained in Clause 3.4. In the event that
the other Bidders withdraw, the Authority may, in its discretion annul the Bidding Process.

1.2.7. The Developer shall be entitled for the revenues from the Project in accordance with the terms of the
Power Purchase Agreement.

1.2.8. Further and other details of the process to be followed and the terms thereof are spelt out in this RFP.

1.2.9. Any queries (including any discrepancy, ambiguity and error) or request for additional information
concerning this RFP shall be submitted in writing and shall be submitted through post/courier to the
Managing Director, KREDL. The envelopes shall clearly bear the following identification/ title:

“Queries/Request for Additional Information: RFP for “Development of Solar Power Projects in the
State of Karnataka”.

1.3. Schedule of Bidding Process

The Authority shall endeavour to adhere to the following schedule:

Sl No Event Description Date
1. Last date for receiving queries April 21, 2014, 1630 Hrs
2. Pre-Bid Conference April 21, 2014, 1430 Hrs
3. Bid Due Date April 30, 2014, 1630 Hrs
4. Due Date for submission of Demand Draft
towards cost of RFP
May 05, 2014, 1630 Hrs
5. Due Date for submission of original Bank
Guarantees towards Bid Security
May 05, 2014, 1630 Hrs
6. Due Date for submission of Processing Fee May 05, 2014, 1630 Hrs
7. Opening of Bid (except Financial Bid) May 09, 2014, 1130 Hrs
8. Opening of Financial Bid To be intimated later
9. Bid Validity Period 365 days from Bid Due Date
10. Signing of the Power Purchase Agreement 30 days from the acknowledgement
of LOA or Allotment Letter as the case
may be

Venue of Pre-bid Conference:

Information will be furnished in the KREDL Website www.kredlinfo.in and the e-procurement website.   POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT FORMAT FOR 50MW RFP  

This Power Purchase Agreement (Agreement) is entered into on this the **** day of **** , 2014

AMONGST


1. _______ a Company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1956 having its
corporate office at ______ (hereinafter referred to as “ESCOM”, which expression shall,
unless it be repugnant to the context or meaning thereof, include it's administrators,
successors, and assigns);
AND

2. [**** LIMITED], a company incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956
and having its registered office at ***, (hereinafter referred to as the "Developer") which
expression shall, unless repugnant to the context or meaning thereof, include its successors
and permitted assigns and substitutes) of the Other Part.


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WHEREAS:

A. Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd. (“KREDL”) incorporated under the
companies Act, 1956 is a nodal agency of the Government of Karnataka for facilitating the
development of renewable energy in Karnataka. Government of Karnataka had resolved
to undertake development of 130 (One Hundred and Thirty) MW of solar power energy in
the State of Karnataka through private sector participation.

B. Pursuant thereto, KREDL had accordingly invited proposals by its “Request for Proposal” or
“RFP” dated ____ prescribed the technical and commercial terms and conditions for
selection of bidders for undertaking development of solar thermal power and/or solar PV
power plants in Karnataka. In this regard, KREDL had received proposals from certain
bidders including, inter alia, {the single buisiness entity/ consortium comprising
_______,_________and__________ (collectively the "Consortium") with _________as
its lead member (the "Lead Member")}.

C. After evaluation of the Proposal received, KREDL had accepted the bid of the {single
business entity/ Consortium} for development of [_______]1 MW capacity of [Solar
Thermal Project/ Solar PV Project] in the _________2 and issued its Letter of Award
No…………..dated…………….…(herein after called the "LOA") [and an Allotment Letter
No. ________dated __________] to the {selected bidder/ Consortium} [“Selected
Bidder”] requiring, inter alia, the execution of this Agreement. Bangalore faces frequent power cut North and West Bangalore hIt's a rather unfortunate triad: summer, exams and power cuts. For students, it's a season of dark, warm nights, buzzing mosquitoes and worse, studying by candlelight. ave been coming under frequent power outages for the past 20 days, and the misery is expected to continue for another week.

The reasons for power cuts are many. Recently, a major transformer burst in Peenya, causing the Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (Bescom) to rotate power loads, resulting in frequent power cuts in most areas in the north and west of the city. "We're installing higher capacity transformers and supply should be normalized in a week's time," said H Nagesh, director (technical), Bescom.

Bescom MD Pankaj Pandey on Tuesday said the power shortage was met, but admitted that the Udupi thermal power generating unit is likely to pose challenges even this summer. On Tuesday, generation fell to minimum level and hydel sources from across the state were tapped to meet the crisis, Pandey told TOI. Hydel reserves in the state may also fail if the mercury continues to rise in the coming days.

The cuts have driven parents across the city to anxiety. "We're planning to buy a power backup system because power cuts are back. My elder son is preparing for his board exams and my younger son is too small to concentrate even when there's a 10-minute power cut. All our governments have only made fake promises, and the energy crisis is one of them. As this sector touches every citizen, there's no excuse for power supply companies or the government," said Seema J, resident of Goreguntepalya in North Bangalore...more.
Solar power to lighten the tribal world !?   Ten months ago, SELCO installed solar panels and gave each tent a bulb for lighting through the day. They also look after their hygiene and sanitation and help them reach out to more people to sell their drums. Keeping in mind the migrant nature of the tribe, the light provided to the tribe is portable on a cart, says Adaam, pointing at the orange cart on four wheels with battery boxes inside. 
"Anything is a game for us," squeals a little girl sitting at the entrance of the tent leaning on her mother. "They just scream," retorts Adaam, while his one-and-a-half-year-old daughter Alica gets into an open carton and moves around in it. Some of the kids here go to a school in a nearby hut installed by NGO Qwarids a month ago. They are taught here by a Hindi teacher but don't really have a curriculum. "It's more like a day care," he says. 
Adaam knows around 15 languages — Haryanvi, Gujarati, English, Marathi, Hindi — "enough to sell". As we bid him goodbye, he shows off his skill with international languages and showcases what he'd say to a French man while selling a drum, " Merci beaucoup, tambour (Thank you very much, do you want a drum)......more

                KERC may not increase power tariff     Speaking on the sidelines of the swearing-in ceremony of two new members of the commission here on Wednesday, KERC Chairman M.R. Sreenivasa Murthy said the KERC would write to the Election Commission of India (EC) seeking direction on whether to hold the public hearing for tariff revision this month.   “Ideally, we have to announce the tariff revision by the end of the financial year (March 31), and the revised tariff becomes applicable from April 1. But last year too, due to the code of conduct for the State Assembly elections, we announced the revised tariff on May 8 for consumption from May 1,” he said.   While maintaining that the code of conduct does not specify whether or not to hold a public hearing, Mr. Murthy said the KERC cannot work in conflict with the EC. “We will write to the EC. If they say it is advisable to defer the public hearing, we will,” he said.   The Electricity Supply Companies (Escoms) had filed their tariff revision application for 2014-15 in December 2013, seeking an increase in tariff of 66 paise per unit of power. The last date for filing objections is March 10. KERC officials said until now, there were 200-odd objections filed, and a surge of these are usually expected as the deadline draws closer. Last year, there were 2,227 objections filed and in 2012 there were 1,404 objections. “The objections are filed simultaneously with the KERC and the Escoms. The Escoms reply to these which will take about four days. The public hearings are held around five days later at the headquarters of the Escoms (Bangalore, Mangalore, Hubli, Gulbarga, Mysore). This takes around 10 days again,” Mr. Murthy explained.more...   Unique application of solar power in the milk industry * Power interruptions don't interrupt them. As many as 522 milk cooperatives in the state are using solar power to run electronic weighing and testing machines, all thanks to an initiative by the SELCO Foundation.

Co-founded by Magsaysay Award winner Harish Hande, the foundation is a social enterprise working towards providing sustainable energy solutions.

The Karnataka Milk Federation (KMF) has over 12,900 Milk Producers' Cooperative Societies (MPCS) in the state, of which 3,200 are Women Milk Producers' Cooperative Societies (WMCPS). Also called milk collection centres (MCCs), most of these are in rural areas.
 The initiative has not only helped KMF - the country's second largest milk producer - cut down on electricity consumption but also prevented delays in the process of milk weighing and testing, and its delivery to processing and pasteurization units.

Vakeel ur Rahaman, additional director, Support to Training and Employment Programme (STEP), KMF, told TOI that solar energy has made things much easier for KMF. The federation collects milk from MCCs twice a day - morning and evening. And in many rural areas, power cuts are a norm in the evenings. "Our motto is to spread awareness about solar energy in villages, so that residents can switch to solar equipment for household purposes," said Vakeel.

How it works

- Solar panels are installed on roofs of milk cooperative societies

- Batteries which provide backup (up to 4 hours) are charged through these panels.

- Power from these batteries is used to illuminate two lights and to run electronic milk weighing and testing machines. Milk testing is conducted to measure fat and water content.

Quote

On an average, cooperative centres test 800-1000 litres of milk a day, usually from 5am to 6am and from 6pm to 7pm. Since these centres are located in villages, often there is no power during the time of testing, and there are chances of the milk getting spoiled. If milk transportation is delayed, producers may end up with lesser remuneration

Ashis Kumar Sahu, CEO, SELCO Incubation Centre

About KMF

-Produces 55 lakh litres of milk a day

-With production of 11 lakh litres of milk per day, Bangalore district tops the state

-Mandya has 400 WMCPs, highest in the state

-3,200 WMPCS produce 6.5 lakh litres of milk per day

-90% of the MPCSs have electronic milk weighing and testing machines Courtesy
  *Five big companies join hands to set up solar power project in Karnataka : Infosys,CTS In an effort to reduce their excessive dependence on grid power, five companies in Bangalore - Infosys, Cognizant, Coke, Philips and Bangalore International Exhibition Center - have come together to set up an aggregate solar power project. 

The project, implemented by World Resources Institute under its Green Power Market Development Group, was launched in January 2013 and received four bids from suppliers . With two finalists now, the project has reached negotiations with individual companies, sources said. 

This collaborative solar project took shape after the companies were looking to invest in renewable power but were hesitant to deal with the many variables including power purchase agreements. The project entails the companies to mount roof top solar panels and draw solar power from these for their daily consumption . 
"It is not an enormous project, but one which will be demonstrative in nature," David Waskow, director of the international climate initiative at the World Resources Institute, said.  Waskow said that such actions by companies will enthuse others to follow. "Solar prices are falling sharply every year. With rising prices of conventional power, we believe we are very close to the inflexion point for mass adoption of solar power," Waskow said. The price parity between grid power and solar will be achieved by 2017-18, global consultants KPMG has predicted . "KPMG has said that at around 6 per KWH, the inflexion point will be reached," Waskow said. Government subsidies and low prices are the two critical parameters which would push people to adopt renewable power, especially solar power. "We should work towards the creation of financial infrastructure to make renewable energy feasible and also make storage options cost effective," he said. 

Focusing on micro-grids and mini-grids and incentivizing energy efficiency practices could advance the renewable energy push. "We have already developed standards for home appliances on energy efficiency. Steps like these are important," Waskow said. Courtesy :TOI

 

Recommended Read: Guidelines and Steps Involved in MW- Scale Solar Installation

Karnataka Solar policy to be out soon. The State government is soon expected to announce a new solar power policy which will seek to increase solar power production in the state to 2,000 MW by 2020. The policy, which, is in its final draft stage, will be submitted to the government on Wednesday. Speaking at a meeting of the ‘Climate Parliamentarians’, Managing Director, Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited (KREDL), G V Balaram, said, “We are looking at commissioning around 500 MW of solar power projects every year till 2020. We also want to promote smaller projects of 1-3 MW capacity in which farmers can become equity partners and generate power.” As part of a pilot project, around 1,500 beneficiaries in Bangalore, Mysore, Hubli, Dharwad and Gulbarga will be provided with both Central and State government subsidies to establish a total of 500 kilowatt (kW) plants. “The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) provides a 30 per cent subsidy to which the State government will add another 20 per cent. The average cost of generating 1 KW of solar power, with batteries, is `1,90,000. Around 100 sqft of land is needed to generate 1 kW. We expect a normal household requirement to be 3 kW with heating appliances,” he said. KREDL is currently in the process of calling for tenders to decide the implementing agency for the pilot. Balaram also said the Union government was considering reintroduction of accelerated depreciation for the wind generation sector. A long-standing demand of independent wind power producers, accelerated depreciation helps reduce the assessed value of wind generating equipment on the balance sheets of the companies over a shorter period of time than other assets. “It will mostly be reintroduced in the next financial year or maybe even earlier,” he said. Karnataka had targeted an addition of 533 MW of renewable energy in 2013-14 out of which 315.79 MW has been added. Another 150 MW of wind power projects will be commissioned in February and March which will help the state reach its target, Balaram said.   The ‘Climate Parliamentarians’ is a global network of lawmakers looking to increase awareness amongst their peers about issues related to climate change and renewable energy. Inaugurating the function, Food and Civil Supplies Minister Dinesh Gundu Rao said, “We are looking to create awareness at the state level among MLAs. Karnataka is an energy-deficit state, the more we can generate, the better for us,” he said. Dinesh Gundu Rao suggested that of the MLAs who attended the talk, a core committee could be formed which would take the agenda forward.`more..    
  Karnataka to buy excess power from Gridco * State owned power trading firm  has offered to sell its to  through bilateral power trading.

Gridco, on Monday, presented a proposal to the Karnataka chief secretary Kaushik Mukherjee who held talks with top state officials. Mukherjee has agreed to consider the proposal positively.

P K Jena, principal secretary (energy) said, “Gridco is in a position to sell its surplus power to other states. We had preliminary discussions regarding exporting power to Karnataka. The modalities are yet to be decided.”

“We have offered to sell power to Karnataka on medium-term to long-term basis. Gridco can have a bilateral contract with the Karnataka Power Corporation Ltd (), the nodal agency for power procurement there. Both Gridco and KPCL will have elaborate discussions in this connection next week”, said Hemant Sharma, chairman cum managing director (CMD), Gridco.

On quantum of power to be sold to Karnataka, Sharma said, “That will depend on their requirement as well as our availability. Our power surplus position varies depending on the season. The state hopes to have 500 Mw surplus power by 2016. Presently, there is a significant crash in power demand due to peak winter but demand is expected to pick up from April onwards.”He said, Gridco has already sold 400 Mw surplus power to Kerala and Tamil Nadu on the bilateral trading route. Heavy rains during the monsoon season had led to glut in hydro power generation.

Gridco has already raked in earnings of Rs 500 crore through trade of surplus power till the end of December. Its earnings from surplus power sale is expected to reach around Rs 800 crore by the close of this fiscal.

“We are preferring to sell surplus power through bilateral contracts rather than trading it on the energy exchanges where there are price fluctuations”, said the Gridco CMD.

Under bilateral power trading, the buyer and seller typically negotiate a set of terms and conditions that forms the basis of trade between them. After the agreement is finalized,  trading can commence. The contract between the two parties specify the price and amount of electricity to be traded.


Odisha's current off peak power demand stands at 2700 Mw with peak power demand reaching up to 3200 Mw. The state's power availability is around 3000 Mw, leaving a surplus of about 200 Mw during the non-peak hours. Normal hydro power generation is to the tune of 400 Mw that is scaled up to 600 Mw to meet peak power demand. more..

  *Waree comissions 8MW solar power plant in karnataka  Welspun Energy Ltd has commissioned an 8-MW solar project at Chitradurga in Karnataka.The company has executed the project through a subsidiary, Welspun Solar Kannada Ltd, under the State’s new renewable energy policy.“For power evacuation, we have signed a power purchase agreement with Mangalore Electric Supply Company (Mescom),” Vineet Mittal, Managing Director, Welspun Energy, told Business Line.  “The contracted rate with Mescom is Rs 8.50 per kWh. Currently, we are focusing on this project to begin commercial operations this month. Earlier, we had scheduled it be ready by March 2014.”The project is to address Karnataka’s annual peak deficit of 27.4 per cent by generating 12.264 mn kWh annually, enough to power 33,600 households. The company has deployed a tracking system at the site. “This will track the path of the sun and is expected to give a significant boost to power generation in comparison to the fixed tilt system,” Mittal said.The Karnataka project is being executed in phases.  The State Government allotted a total of 200 MW capacity in two phases. “Under phase-I, bids for 70 MW were opened, of which WEL won contract for 7 MW project. Again under Phase-II, WEL won a 10-MW solar project,” said Mittal.The company has spent Rs 200 crore to develop 8 MW and 10 MW projects. “We raise funds for all our projects through an approximate debt-equity ratio of 75:25,” said Mittal.more..
   *KARNATAKA DISCOMS PLANNING TO BUY EXCESS SOLAR POWER  The five electricity supply companies (Escoms) in Karnataka are working out modalities to tap the surplus solar power available with industries and domestic consumers. They are planning to approach the Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission (KERC) to fix the tariff for such power generators.Many individuals and industrialists have installed solar panels in their homes and factories.  During an interaction on Saturday with bulk consumers in the Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (Bescom) jurisdiction, Principal Secretary of Energy Department Amita Prasad said that smart meters and hybrid power are the way forward. “Excess energy from rooftops can come to the grid,” she said while responding to a suggestion from an industrialist in this regard. She said that alternative energy sources, especially solar power, will be considered in the light of the ban on development works in the Western Ghats, which has the potential for several mini-hydel power projects. more..  
  *NO HIKE IN POWER TARIFF IN KARNATAKA!?! The fast-approaching Lok Sabha polls have given Bangaloreans some respite from yet another hike in water and power tariff. TheKarnataka government has reportedly turned down the demand of Bescom and BWSSB to hike tariff to keep voters happy till the elections.
"We have no plans to hike the water tariff right now,'' said chief minister Siddaramaiah on the sidelines of a public function here.more..
*MICRO SOLAR POWER GENERATOR-CUM-INVERTER -CUM STABILIZER !!!BESCOM'S NEW INITIATIVE    This sounds exciting for banglore citizens!!! Will it work?/? Tap solar power to cut down on your electricity bills, while you keep that Bescom connection as a back-up for contingencies. Sounds remote? Not really. A micro solar power generator-cum-inverter-cum-stabilizer could soon be the answer to your power woes.   The micro generator is designed to keep the house electrified 24/7. Mounted on the rooftop, or any other sunny spot, this generator taps solar energy and keeps the battery charged. It is linked to the Bescom grid in such a way that the connection switches on once the solar-powered battery runs out of energy. Once the micro plant automatically turns off, power will pour in from the Bescom grid.more..     "15% OF POWER GENERATED IN THE COUNTRY   SHOULD BE FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY AND IS ACHIEVABLE": KERC CHAIRMAN26 october   This vision of the kerc chief could spark the solar industry in karnataka The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) Karnataka conference on power highlighted several measures that could be adopted to help ease the current power crisis in the country. 

From wind and solar energy, to utilising gas installation for peak-hour power requirements, the conference brought together some of the best minds in the industry to share their views and concerns on the power sector.more..
      TATA POWER COMMISSIONS A 10MW SOLAR POWER PLANT      Tata Power Solar (TPS), a leading Indian Solar company, has successfully commissioned a 10 MW solar power plant for Jindal Aluminium Ltd (JAL) in Chitradurga, Karnataka in June 2013. Executed in a record timeframe of four months from the day the land was made available, the solar power plant is Karnataka's largest till date.more..   *KARNATAKA SOLAR FAILS TO TAKE OFF!! It was with much fanfare that the 3 MW solar plant in Kolar was inaugurated in 2010 at an approximate cost of Rs 60 crore. The project was supposed to benefit some 1,000 farmers in the area. Similar 3 MW plants were launched in Raichur and Belgaum as well. All this was hailed as a breakthrough that would put Karnataka onto the path of being a leader in solar energy. This promising start has not been sustained. The aim of the solar projects in these three districts was to provide farmers with reliable power during the day. But the farmers have not really benefited from the solar plants. According to sources in the energy department, there is no coordination between the Karnataka Power Corporation and the local power distributors.MORE.. *KARNATAKA PROPOSES PRICES OF  RS. RS 8.40/UNIT FOR SOLAR PV GRID CONNECTED PLANTS !!!!!!: VERY GOOD NEWS!!!   In order to encourage the development of the solar power industry in the state, the Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission (KERC) on Friday announced new tariffs for grid-connected solar power plants and rooftop solar plants.   According to the new order, the approved tariffs are Rs 8.40/unit for solar photovoltaic (PV), Rs 10.92/unit for solar thermal, Rs 9.56/unit for rooftop and small solar PV plants and Rs 7.20/unit for rooftop and small solar PV plants with 30 per cent government subsidy on capital costs. The tariff will be applicable for solar power generators entering into power purchase agreements with ESCOMS on or after April 1 of this year and will be valid for five years.MORE. email : mano@eai.in call : 9043539679   *KARNATAKA COMPLETE SOLAR BID RESULT OUT!!!! The lowest had taken place at Rs 5.51/kwh by Sun Pharma Medication Pvt ltd. It is intresting to know that will this price be viable with the falling rupee.The cost of imported panels have gone up because of the plunging rupee. Will they be able to meet the standards with this price. 11 bidders opted for 10MW each i.e. 65% .This implies these tariffs are viable for a bigger project of around 10MW.The total bid allocation is 130MW. Winners  source  
     KARNATAKA GETS THE LOWEST SOLAR BID AT RS 5.51/KWH   Greentech Lead India: The state of Karnataka has received the lowest ever bid in India for INR 5.51/kWh as it opened the financial bids for an allocation of a capacity of 130 MW of solar energy, Bridge to India reported.MORE..
  MESCOM ENCOURAGES SOLAR PUMP SETS IN PADUBIDRI VILLAGE : KARNATAKA 20 th august    Mangalore Electricity Supply Company(Mescom) is mulling a project wherein pumpsets used by farmers can be operated using solar energy. more..
*ONGC TO SET UP 1000 MW SOLAR GRID UNDER REC MECHANISM: KARNATAKA 5th august The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation is firming up plans to foray into the solar energy sector by setting up a 1,000-MW solar grid in Karnataka. MORE..
  *HUBLI-DHARWAD TO GET SOLAR TRAFFIC SIGNALS!!!   With the Hubli-Dharwad policecommissionerate contemplating upgrading traffic signals in the twin cities with the latest technology, the crossroads in the twin cities will soon wear a brand new look. more..
  *COMMERCIAL SOLAR POWER CAR PRICED AT RS 16 LAKH!!: BANGALORE 2 Aug 2013 They came looking for ideas which could enhance their project work and take them to South Africa. Eight students from the ManipalInstitute of Technology landed at the SolarConexhibition, trying to figure out what technology is best for their SolarMobil, a commercial solar-powered car." more..
         2.COST OF A 1 MW SOLAR POWER PLANT :ESTIMATE  costs for Solar PV projects as recommended by CERC: COST OF 1MW WITH CNPV/ CSUN  COST OF A 1MW SOLAR PLANT WITH TIER2 PANELS & PRACTISES       COMPANIES INTERSTED IN SETTING UP A SOLAR POWER PLANT ,  EMAIL  mano@eai.in   CALL MANOHAR   91 90435 39679 ==========  Only Maharashtra, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir have set the minimum size as 250kW. All other states do not specify a minimum size for REC projects.

The RECs must be sold within one year from the date of issuance, failing which
the RECs will lapse.
  TWO ROUTES IN WHICH YOU CAN PRODUCE SOLAR POWER   PPA Projects  Through competitive bidding  Average but fixed returns 
Minimum 5 MW 
Allotment not assured 
No trading 
Fixed tariff 
Limited allotments 
Tariff to be below INR 14 per unit  ( At present pretty low - making it)
No Accelerated Depreciation benefit    REC Projects   Open access
High but variable returns
Any capacity above 500 Kw
Allotment is assured
Certificates to be traded
Variable tariff
Unlimited allotments due to huge demand
Tariff to be INR 15 - 20 in initial years ( At present it is around Rs 12.50 including cdm rec and ppa)
Accelerated benefit can be availed             Third Party PPA is a power purchase agreement which a developer can use and claim REC. Third party PPA rec is normally got by goverment authorised power trading companies. Companies that set up large solar plants of size 10MW and above, can approach these comapnies to avail the 3rd party PPA for their solar project in KARNATAKA.The current third party PPA for solar power doing the rounds in karnataka is Rs 4.50 - 5 per unit with 5%  escalation once or twice a year. This  third party PPA is available for 5 and 10 years tenure. Companies that avail 3rd Party PPA  for thier solar project in karnataka can also avail REC benefits.     COMPANIES INTRESTED IN SETTING UP A SOLAR POWER PLANT   EMAIL mano@eai.inor   call manohar   91 90435 39679     Form-A  KARNATAKA RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT LIMITED   (Government of Karnataka Undertaking)   No.39,"Shanthigruha", Bharath Scouts & Guides Building, Palace Road, Bangalore-560 001. 
     Phone: 080-22282220/ 080-22282221, Fax: 080-22257399
 
     
Website: www.kredltest.in       APPLICATION FORM FOR SUBMITTING PROPOSALS FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS UNDER REC MECHANISM   KARNATAKA SOLAR ENERGY POLICY, 2011-16       I.             COMPANY DETAILS  
Getting a PPA for Solar Power Plants in India Know More

   
1. Name of the applicant / organization   :  
2. State whether the applicant /organization is a-
  a)   Company registered under Indian  Companies Act 1956; b)   Co-operative Society; c)   Any other corporate entity.  
    :   : :  
3.       Address: i) Office   a)   Telephone No. b)   Fax No. c)   Email Address   :   : ::    
  ii) Name and Address of the authorized       person   a)       Name b)       Address       c)       Pin No d)      Telephone No e)       Fax No.    f)        Email Address   : : :     : : : :::  
4. Give details of  directors   :  
5 Income tax permanent A/c. No.   :  
6 Present activity/business carried on by the applicant/ organization.   :  
7 Give details of the turnover of the organization in last three years (copies of the profit and loss account and Balance Sheet / Annual Report to be enclosed).   :  
  II.     PROPOSED POWER PROJECT      
1. a) Location of proposed site with details.   :
  b) Land details of the power plant site :
  i)    Name of village :
  ii)   Survey Nos. :
  iii) land Extant from each survey No.
        iv)   GPS Location :
  v)   Is it Govt. land or Pvt. land :
2 Proposed Gross Capacity(MW) :
  Auxiliary Consumption   :
  Net Capacity Capacity utilization Factor Net expected power generation Per annum   : : :
3. Financing Arrangement: :
  a) Own funds (promoters) :
  b) IREDA/ PFC/REC/ Financial Institution /           Commercial Banks :
  c) Equity   :
4. Time frame and pert chart for major activities.  
  i)    Acquisition of land :
  ii)   Signing of PPA :
  iii)  Expected financial closure * :
    v)   Proposed Commercial Operation Date (COD)*           :      
               * To be specified after PPA      

7.
Power Plant proposed to be set up for a)   Sale of energy to ESCOM ‘s under REC Mechanism   :    
  III        DETAILS OF PROPOSED POWER PROJECTS  
a) Solar Photovoltaic Power Plant (SPV)  
  i)    Name of Solar Technology Proposed :
  i)        No. of Solar Modules proposed :
  ii)      Capacity of inverter/PCU :
  iii)    Battery bank proposed :     Yes/ No
  v)   If yes, its capacity :
  vi)  Duration and time of day during which supply of power is proposed :
   
b) Solar Thermal  
  i)    Name of Solar Technology Proposed :
  ii)   With storage/without storage :
  iii) If, storage, total hours of storage :    
  iv) Requirement of Water (Cusec.) :
  v) Duration and time of day during which supply of power is proposed :
      IV.       ELECTRICAL DETAILS      
1. Transmission of Power & Evacuation plan/interconnection facility for the proposed plan :  
2. Interfacing scheme proposed :  
3. Nearest Sub-station of KPTCL/Escom’s and distance from the proposed power plant. :
4. Voltage ratio of the KPTCL/Escom’s Sub-station :
           
  V.        FINANCIAL DETAILS  
1. Estimated cost of the project proposed   :  
2. Cost of power generation per unit (Please enclose Cash Flow Chart also).   : ……………..  Rs./kWh
3. Details of the application/processing fee remitted: (Non Refundable) As per GO : Rs 10000/-per MW(ARF) & Rs 100000/-per MW
  a) Amount Rs. :  
  b) Demand Draft/Cheque No. :  
  c) Date d)  Banker’s Name and Address   : :  
         
  VI.             ANY OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION       VII.     DECLARATION:       (i)                 I/We certify that all information furnished is true to the best of my/our knowledge.   (ii)               I/We agree that Govt. of Karnataka is the final authority to allot us the project.   (iii)             I/We shall not have any dispute with GoK/KPTCL/ESCOM’s/KREDL/MNRE for non-allotment of the project.   (iv)             I/We agree to sign necessary agreement with Govt. of Karnataka/KPTCL/ESCOM’s/KREDL as per directions of KERC.   (v)               I/We agree to comply with the terms and conditions of Karnataka Solar Energy Policy, 2011-16 and regulations issued by KERC.           Signature of the authorized Signatory   of the Organization with Seal   Place:   Date:       VIII.    DOCUMENTS ENCLOSED (as applicable):-   (i)                 A certified copy of the Memorandum & Article of Association of the         Company.   (ii)               Certified copy of the registration certificate.   (iii)             Certified copy of the partnership deed.   (iv)             Certified copy of the Authority conferring powers on the person(s) who are           competent to execute the MOU/the agreement with GoK/KREDL/ESCOM’s.   (v)               Pre feasibility Report/Detailed Project Report   (vi)             Registration fee in the form of D.D. No. …………….. Dated …………           payable           to KREDL, payable at Bangalore for Rs.10,000/-(Non           Refundable)   (vii)           Annual Audited accounts of the Company for last three years and for the   current year un-audited, if available.   (viii)         Certificate from the Chartered Account showing the "Net Worth" of the    Company.         The power trading companies are divided into four categories and the list is  given below. (15.3.2013 )   CATEGORY I Tata Power Trading Company Ltd.    Adani Enterprises Ltd.   PTC India Limited   Reliance Energy Trading Ltd.   NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd.   National Energy Trading and Services Ltd GMR Energy Limited    Karam Chand Thapar & Bros. (Coal Sales) Limited  JSW Power Trading Company Limited  Shree Cement Limited    Global Energy Private Limited Knowledge Infrastructure SystemsPvt. Ltd.   GMR  Energy Trading Limited  SN Power Markets Pvt. Ltd., Noida   CATEGORY II RPG Power Trading. Co. Ltd.   Mittal Processors Private Limited   MMTC Limited   CATEGORY III Patni Projects Pvt. Limited . Instinct Infra & Power Ltd.  Essar Electric Power Development Corporation Limited   DLF Power Limited  Jindal Steel & Power Limited   Vandana Global Limited  Indiabulls Power generation Limited  Indrajit Power Technology Pvt. Ltd.    Jain Energy Ltd.  PCM Power Trading CorporationLtd., Kolkata   Jay Polychem (India) Limited, New Delhi . My Home Power Limited,Hyderabad. Manikaran Power Limited, Kolkata   BS TransComm Ltd., Hyderabad   DLF Energy Private Limited,Gurgaon  Sarda Energy & Minerals Ltd.  ? CATEGORY IIII Subhash Kabini Power Corporation Ltd.   Special Blasts Ltd.   Maheshwary Ispat Limited   Suryachakra Power Corporation Ltd.   Visa Power Limited. Pune Power Development Private Limited    Ispat Energy Limited  Greenko Energies Private Limited     Vandana Vidhyut Limited   Adhunik Alloys & Power Ltd.   Indiabulls Power Trading Limited    Ambitious Power Trading Company Limited    Shyam Indus Power Solutions Pvt. IV  Ltd.  Abellon Clean Energy Limited, Ahmadabad   Customized Energy Solution  India Private Limited, Pune   GEMAC Engineering Services Private Limited, Chennai    Greta Power Trading Limited . Green Fields Power Services Private Limited, Visakhapatnam   HMM INFRA LIMITED, Chandigarh .      =============================== The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) has  released (apr 2013) a second set of (draft) amendments to their REC guidelines.   
  • REC and Reverse Bidding/Tendering – Projects which have signed a PPA through any state tendering mechanisms (reverse bidding) would be ineligible for procuring RECs. The objective of REC is to fund the gap between APPC and the viability.
  • APPC –  The guidelines now clarify that the PPA would have to be signed at a price equal to the APPC price which was prevelant the previous year.
  • Electricity duty and captive generators -  CERC has now proposed to remove the electricity duty exemption as a disqualification criterion as the quantum of contribution to final tariff is quite miniscule. The other criteria for disqualification such as concessional wheeling/banking would still be in force.
  •  Time period for availing RECs – current regulations state that there is a three month time window after approval from the SLDC to get the required clearance from the central agency. However since the receipt of information from the SLDC sometimes takes more than three months to reach the central agency, it has been proposed to extend the window to six months. In addition to this, currently the application for receipt of the certificates can be made only on the 1st and 15th of each month. This has been revised to the 10th, 20th and last day of each month.
  • No cap on minimum capacity – previously, it was proposed that RE power plants with a capacity of 250 kW and above would only be eligible for certificates under the REC mechanism (subject to approval by MNRE) even though the CERC guidelines do not dictate a minimum requirement. CERC has clarified that there is no minimum capacity and that ANY RE generator would be eligible to claim REC provided they satisfy the prescribed criteria.
  • Retention of RECs –  CERC has now clarified that all RECs generated through a RE captive power plant can be retained by the developer (to fulfill their obligations) thereby reducing the overheads which is subject to verification by the SNA.
  •  Shelf-life of RECs – as reported earlier, RECs would now have a shelf-life of two years as opposed to one year and the regulations would be amended accordingly.
  • Date of issuance – any powerplant setup under the REC mechanism would be eligible for RECs from the date of commercial operation or from the date of registration of such plant by the Central Agency whichever is later.
  All RE Generators are requested to pay fees & charges related to Registartion/Issuance inclusive of service tax @12.36% with immediate effect: 1. The details of fees and charges of REC payable to Central Agency are as under: Registration Charges
Sr.No. Fee and Charges towards Registration Amount in Ammount in Rs. Amount including Service @ 12.36% Ammount in Rs.
1. Application Processing Fees (One Time) 1,000 1,124
2 Registration Charges (One Time) 5,000 5,618
3 Annual Charges 1,000 1,124
4 Revalidation Charge at the end of five (5) years 5,000 5,618
Issuance Charges (Service tax @12.36% will be applicable on total amount)
Sr.No. Fee and Charges towards Issuance of REC Amount in Ammount in Rs.
1. Fees per Certificate 10
All fees and charges shall be payable by way of Electronic Clearing System (ECS) only and Payment shall be made as per the details given below
Sr.No. Name of the Account Holder Account No Account Type Bank Name Branch Name and Code IFSC Code PAN of POSOCO
1. NLDC REC FEES & CHARGES 931764650 Current Account Indian Bank Mehrauli Institutional Area & 943 IDIB000M089 AAFCP2086B
  Companies Intersted in setting up a solar plant Call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email <mano@eai.in>    REC NEWS KARNATAKA ONE OF THE TOP STATES, TO ACHIEVE A RENEWABLE PURCHASE OBLIGATION OF 122%!! Greenpeace on Monday called for revision of the Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) mechanism based on equity principle. The RPO framework, in its present form, has failed to deliver its mandate and many powerful states including Delhi have made a mockery of the present framework, it said in a report.

The Ministry of Power needs to make it mandatory with a provision of penal measures to ensure the implementation of RPOs' directive, Greenpeace said in its latest assessment report on Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) titled 'Powering Ahead on Renewables: Leaders and Laggards', which was released on Monday.

The report ranks performance of all the states on renewable energy supply.

Karnataka achieved 122 per cent of its target and was fourth among the seven states that achieved its RPO target. In all, of the 29 states, 22 failed to meet their RPO targets, which lead to a loss of over 25 per cent electricity that was expected to be generated from renewable energy sources in 2012. The state had an energy deficit of 893 million units in 2012.

The north eastern states of Meghalaya and Nagaland, the hill states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh and the southern coastal state of Tamil Nadu have clearly taken the lead in not only meeting their RPO targets but also generating over and above the targets.

RPO framework in its present form has failed to deliver its mandate and many powerful states including national capital Delhi have made a mockery of the present framework. The Ministry of Power needs to make it mandatory with a provision of penal measures to ensure the implementation of RPOs directive.

Disappointingly, heavy energy consumer and a resourceful Union Territory like Delhi that could have set an example, is a straggler in terms of fulfiling its obligation.

Despite a good potential for solar, the National Capital fared amongst the worst with not even 1 per cent achievement. Regulators failed to penalise or implement the directives of RPO in Delhi and in other key states like Maharashtra and Punjab which fell short by about 50 per cent.

Manish Ram, energy campaigner, Greenpeace India, said, "This report is an indictment of the whole policy framework around renewables and the dismissive attitude of the government towards it. RPO mechanism could have been a tool to bridge the demand-supply gap in the energy sector across the country. But the toothless mechanism combined with unambitious targets has failed to give any impetus to renewables in India. Karnataka displayed astuteness by adopting the energy of the future and becoming a driving force in its support. On the other hand, Delhi as the national capital has set the trend in the reverse direction."

The report, a joint effort of Greenpeace and Infraline Energy, highlights the inconsistency between national renewable energy targets set by National Action Plan on Climate Change and the RPO targets fixed by state electricity regulators. The overall cumulative targets set by various state regulators is 5.44 per cent, whereas the national target is set at 7 per cent resulting in a deficit of 1.56 per cent, which translates into nearly 14,268 million units of electricity from renewable energy projects.SOURCE  
  RPO KARNATAKA
State RPO Target for 2011-12 RPO Target For 2012-13 RPO Target For 2013-14
Karnataka 0.25% 0.25% 0.25%
LEARN MORE ABOUT RPO    LIST OF PROJECTS DONE
Aditi Solar Pvt. Ltd. Aditi Bijapur 3 0 0 0 15/03/2012   New EOI General information submitted. Under process, GO yet to be issued with Guidelines for capacity allotment  
  AHCP Solar Pvt. Ltd.   Bidar 9 0 0 0     New EOI
  Aroha Energy Consulting Pvt. Ltd. Aroha Bangalore 3 0 0 0 2/6/2012   New EOI General information submitted. Under process, GO yet to be issued with Guidelines for capacity allotment
  Astute Solar Astute Gulbarga 100 0 0 0 1/12/2011   New EOI General information submitted. Under process, GO yet to be issued with Guidelines for capacity allotment
5 Atria Power Corpn. Ltd. Atria Haveri 6 0 0 0 30/08/2011   New DPR submitted. Under process, GO yet to be issued with guidelines for capacity allotment
  Atria Power Corpn. Ltd. Atria Haveri 10 10 0 0   1/1/2015 Allotted  
  B & G Infra Tech Pvt. Ltd.   Bidar 3 0 0 0     New EOI
  BGR Energy Systems Ltd. BGR Bagalkot 10 0 0 0 8/2/2012   New EOI
  Bharath Light & Power Bharath Kolar 10 0 0 0 1/5/2012   New EOI General information submitted. Under process, GO yet to be issued with Guidelines for capacity allotment
  BVH Hydel Pvt. Ltd. BVH Tumkur 3 0 0 0 8/2/2012   New EOI
  China Land Solar China Solar Bijapur 50 0 0 0     New EOI
  China Land Solar China Solar Bijapur 100 0 0 0 26/05/2012   New EOI
  China Land Solar China Solar Gulbarga 50 0 0 0 26/05/2012   New EOI
  China Land Solar China Solar Bagalkot 50 0 0 0 26/05/2012   New EOI
  China Land Solar China Solar Yadgir 50 0 0 0 26/05/2012   New EOI
  Engineers India Ltd. EIL Bijapur 50 0 0 0 28/02/2012   New EOI
  Enrich Energy Pvt. Ltd. Enrich Bijapur 80 0 0 0 1/6/2012   New EOI General information submitted. Under process, GO yet to be issued with Guidelines for capacity allotment
  Enzen Global Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Enzen Tumkur 2 0 0 0 19/12/2011   New DPR submitted, under process, GO yet to be issued with guidelines for capacity allotment
  Essel Infra Projects Ltd. Essel Gulbarga 5 5 0 0   1/1/2014 Allotted  
  Essel Infra Projects Ltd. Essel Bagalkot 5 5 0 0   1/1/2014 Allotted  
  GKC Projects Ltd.     3 0 0 0     New EOI
  GKC Projects Ltd. GKC Gulbarga 10 10 0 0   1/1/2014 Allotted  
8 Green Horse Solar Pvt. Ltd. Green Horse Tumkur 10 0 0 0 21/06/2011   New DPR submitted, under process, GO yet to be issued with guidelines for capacity allotment
  .   Grand Total 1705 99 14 10       .
Karnataka under its State solar policy for 2011 had floated tenders for 80 MW on August 9th 2011 ( 30MW thermal and 50 MW PV).  The list of bidding companies and their proposed tariffs were published.  The KERC tariff  per kW-hfor thermal projects was Rs. 11.35  and Rs. 14.50 for PV power. The list shows that bids for only 20MW solar thermal capacity had been received. So the excess 10MW has been allocated to solar PV.  The 60 MW capacity allocated for PV -     =======================================================================================================  IDEAL LAND   Lands for solar power generation projects in Karnataka - ideal lands ?    1 mw of solar power plant will need about 5 acres of land   Agriculutural lands are not allowed to put up a solar generation plant   Non agricultural lands, non cultivable lands, barren lands, puramboke lands etc are ok   Rocky lands are not ideal for solar power generation   Many times soil testing of the land is done before deciding the feasibility   Ideally the land has to be very close to a substation. 11 kva, 33 kva, 66 kva, 132 kva, etc   For a 1 mw plant 11 kva is ok.   For each km the substation is away from your land, one has to incur about Rs 10 /12 lakhs for   laying the transmission lines. Better than that is to buy up the land between your land and the   substation.   If there is some land between your land and the substation, there will ROW ie right of way   issues.   Download google earth and note the longitude and latitude of your land.   If you inform the above information a good Consultant will be able to assess the potential   number of units that can be produced per annum   With the above information, it is possible to make the feasibility report for   the state nodal agencies, as well as detailed project report for the banks for solar   power generation business.     CAPITAL GAINS TAX   At times some land brokers buy agricultural land and sell and want to sell it of as agricultural land itself to avoid short term capital gains tax. It is adivisable for the potenial developers to buy the converted land by sharing the short term capital gains tax with land broker.          ==================================================================================  MODES OF ACQUIRING LAND FOR SOLAR POWER GENERATION Got Land for Solar power generation !!   Those of you who have large acres of non cultivable lands in Karnataka State near substations and do not have the resources to develop
a solar power plant, can register their lands here for 
a. out right sale, b. lease for 26 years c. partnership with the power plant and d. any other suggestion from the land owner

We need the following information. Wherever u dont know the information, pl write 
'I dont know'

Exact location of the land: Address of land including district and taluk, 
Total area in acres Boundaries marked in google map or in google earth: Mark your land in 
google map/ google earth and email along with this form.
Right of way. ( ROW)*
Proof  of its owner. 
Name, address including district and taluk,  mobile no
DNI of the location: If you dont know, send us the longitude and latitude of the lands
( If you dont know, how to get this, say : I dont know)
Type of the land in gov records. 
**Agricultural/ non agricultural/ barren/ rocky/industrial/ waste/ dry/ anyother specify
KVA rating of substation nearby and distance.
Capacity available in the substation
List of solar projects in the neighbourhood, if you know.
Rate  per acre. ie current market price of land available nearby, adjoining your land
Expected sale  price : minimum price expected per acre.
Open for partnership:
Open for leasing for 26 years ? Yes / No
Are there lands available nearby : how many acres: how much does this cost

* ROW - if you have direct access to the substation, it is fine. But if electricity produced has to go thru the neighbouring lands, that means 
you have a ROW issue.

** 
Agricultural lands are not permitted to set up a solar plant, even if no water and no agriculture has been done for years.
If you are going to convert, your land from agricultural land to any other, say so.   Call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email < mano@eai.in >      Solar Power Project Financing: Various options available for getting funding for your Solar Power projects are,

1) Asset / Collateral  based Funding
2) Balance Sheet based Funding
3) Project   Funding


1) Asset Based Funding: Individuals and Companies

In asset based funding the lender provides loan based on valuation of the assets that you have and that you can offer as collateral security for the loan.
You can even get 100 % funding depending upon the value of the collaterals. Normally for most projects, the banks may demand 30 % equity and loan can be given for 70%. Many banks ask for Urban property as collateral. It is not actually necessary. Once the banks get used  the performance of solar power generation plants, they will minimise the need for collaterals. Already some banks are accepting less than 100 % of collaterals when the projects are pledged.

2) Balance Sheet Based Funding: Companies only

The profit that your company has made in the last three years. The reserves and surplus it has etc will be taken into account and the bank can then fund.
Companies that can avail Accelerated Depreciation  for solar power generation will find it easier to avail loans and lower rates.

Project Funding: Companies and Individuals
 The projected cash flow of the project or more specifically the PPA will determine  the  decision to fund.  Payment security is important.
Many of these types of funding can be got from India as well as from abroad.
With hedging the cost of international funds also tend towards 11% . Indian banks are now getting closer to 12.5 % and if the asset / balance sheet / ppa are sound one could look at lower rate of interest. The project cash flow is much better in companies that can avail accelerated depreciation for solar power generation.    COMMISSION FOR GETTING BANK LOAN.  There are many Chartered Accountants who help individuals form a company and they also act as agents to get bank loans. Commission for getting bank loan is approximately  1- 2% at present in karnataka. These agents normally help put the loan application for solar power generation plant and submit with two to three banks. This helps them get the best interest rate for solar power generation plants in AP. For companies, this may not be the ideal route, as they themselves will have a finance /accounts department with access to several banks. Whereas for individuals and NRI's, it makes more sense to go thru such chartered accountants who also help get loans, than trying it on their own. Individuals, can try on their own, if they have 30% or more equity and or good collaterals. They can then go to more than one bank and try to get the best rate of interest.     A. CONSTITUTION:   A unit can be started in any one of the following constitutions i.e. (1) Sole Proprietary Concern, (2) Partnership Firm, (3) Private Limited/Limited Companies, (4) Societies.       GENERAL REQUIREMENT CONSTITUTION-WISE   1. In case of Sole Proprietory Concern   Bio-data of the proprietor by way of copies of PAN Card/ Passport/ Voters identity card/ Bio-data with photo and signature attestation by Gazetted Officer/Bank Manager.       2. In case of Partnership Firm   a. Copy of Partnership Deed   b. Copy of Firm Registration Certificate   c. Extract of Form-A from Registrar of Firms (for old firms and in case of additional loans) regarding existing partners as on date.   d. Bio-data of partners by way of copies of PAN card/passport/voters identity card/bio data with pass port photograph and signature duly attested by Bank Manager/Gazetted Officer.   3. In case of Companies   a. Memorandum & Articles of Association.   b. Bio-data of Promoter Directors affixing colour photo and duly attested by Bank Manager/Gazetted Officer/Copies of PAN Card/Copies of Passport./voters identity card.   c. Resolution of Board of Directors of the company authorising two directors to raise loans from agencies and sign necessary loan security documents and affix common seal thereof.   d. Copy of certificate of incorporation if it is a Private Limited Co.   e. Copy of Certificate of Incorporation and Commencement of Business in the case of Limited companies.   f. Copy of General Body Resolution u/s.293 (i) (d) of Companies Act in case of Limited Companies, permitting the company to borrow in excess of paid-up capital and free reserves and Resolution u/s.293 (1) (a) of Companies Act for mortgaging the fixed assets of the company in favour of the Corporation.   g. Consent letters from the Directors about furnishing of their personal guarantee with copies of property documents.   h. Search Report from CA/Extract of register of charge from ROC in case of existing companies and companies seeking additional loans.       B. PRIMARY SECURITY:   The primary security can be either leasehold interest or freehold interest . If the unit is going to be started in a leasehold premises, it is called leasehold and if the unit is going to be started in own premises, it is called freehold.       In case unit is coming up in a leasehold premises, the Corporation will insist for equitable mortgage of leasehold interest. If there is no loan on civil works, the lease period shall be repayment period plus two years. If loan is provided on the civil works then lease shall be for a period of 30 years. Please note that lease for any period is compulsorily registerable affixing required stamp duty. Then the documents that are required are as under:   a. Registered Lease Deed in the standard format given by agencies for the period prescribed in the sanction letter i.e. loan period plus two years if no loan is provided on civil works and if loan is sanctioned on civil works, 30 years lease deed is required.   b. Copy of lessor title deed in proof of ownership and in the absence of title deed, revenue records or ownership certificate issued by local Government or property tax receipts.   For creation of equitable mortgage in case of freehold interest in land and buildings.   If vacant land is acquired and buidings are to be constructed:   a. Original Regd. title deed in the name of the Proprietor/ Firm / Company along with certified copy having clear approach road.   b. Pattadar Pass Book/title deed issued by MRO/RDO in the name of the proprietor/firm/company/society.   c. Original/Copies of link documents (Vendor’s title deed) pertaining to the property under the scheme along with copies of Pass Book and Title Deed reflecting the sale entry. If pass book and title deeds are not issued, a certificate from MRO to that effect is required.   d. Extracts of revenue records i.e. Khasra Pahani for 1954-55   f. E.C for 13 years (or) from the date of document if title deed is of beyond 13 years to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.   g. ULC permission u/s.26/exemption under ULC Act as the case may be in case the land is within urban agglomeration.   h. Permission from Urban Development Authority/ Building Plans if the site is within the Master Plan of Urban Development Authority.   i. Affidavit by promoters to the effect that there are no court cases pending against the property under the scheme.       C. COLLATERAL SECURITY:   Generally, the Corporation insists for Collateral Security and the percentage of Collateral Security is dependent upon the location and the nature of industry and the nature of loan. Also the Corporation insists for preferably urban immovable property towards Collateral Security and preferably belonging to the borrowers. The Collateral Security can be either in the form of vacant land, house, apartment, fixed deposits, Bank Guarantee.       If it is vacant land:   a. Original Regd. title deed in the name of the surety along with certified copies.   b. Original link documents (Vendor’s title deed). 
c. Extracts of revenue records i.e. Khasra Pahani for the year 1954-55    e. E.C for 13 years from the date of document and in case title deed is beyond 13 years from the date of document to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.   f. ULC permission u/s.26/exemption under ULC Act as the case may be in case the land is within urban agglomeration.   g. Copy of the Approved Layout/Sketch drawn by Mandal Surveyor demarcating the site/plot with Sy.No and boundaries and a land mark for identification.   If it is house:   a. Original Regd.Conveyance Deed along with certified copy.
b. All the relevant Link Documents.
c. EC for 13 years (or) from the date of document in case title deed is beyond 13 years to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.   d. Tax Demand & Receipt/Ownership Certificate/ Extract of property tax demand register for the last 13 years.   e. Approved building plans from Competent Authority.   If it is an Apartment:   a. Original Registered Sale deed in the name of the surety.   b. Copy of the development agreement and link documents.   c. Copy of the approved building plan.   d. Encumbrance Certificate for the last 13 years.   e. It shall be established that the original title deeds of the project are not mortgaged to bank or any financial institution availing project finance, by way of declaration from Builder/Landlord.   f. Mutation in favour of the surety.   g. Tax Demand and Receipt / Ownership certificate/ EPPDR.   If it is FDR:   a. The beneficiary/payee of fixed deposit should give a consent letter for pledging the fixed deposit with the Corporation as Collateral Security in consideration of sanction of loan to the unit to which the security is being offered.   b. The beneficiary/payee of the fixed deposit should also assign the proceeds of fixed deposit in favour of the Corporation by a proper endorsement by the concerned bank.   c. A discharge voucher from the beneficiary/payee of fixed deposit duly affixing necessary revenue stamp (without mentioning the date) on the backside of the FDR.       If it is Bank Guarantee:   The collateral security can be offered by the borrower by way of Bank guarantee also in such a case the following documents shall be submitted:   1 Bank guarantee executed by the concerned Bank on required stamp paper by the authorized signatories of the Bank affixing their rubber stamp containing the serial number of the signatory as per the Bank rules.   2 A confirmation copy shall be forwarded by the Bank Manager to the Corporation in a sealed cover by post.   3 A letter from the Bank that they will pay the amount in case the Bank guarantee is invoked in time.   4 If the amount guaranteed is Rs.1.00 lakh and above, the Guarantee Agreement shall be signed by 2 Authorised Officers of the Bank.   D. GENERAL GUIDELIENS:   a. If the borrower is proposing to purchase the property standing in the name of minor, permission from the Court shall be obtained.
b. For purchase of land, which is an Inam land, occupancy certificate/Form-B patta from competent authority shall be obtained.   c. Assigned lands should not be purchased without prior written permission of RDO.   d. For purchase of joint family property, the borrower should ensure that all the co-parceners of the vendor family join in the execution of the sale deed.   e. For purchase of lands covered under Master Plan of the respective Urban Development Authority, the borrower shall ensure that the proposed land is falling within the Industrial Zone.   f. If the borrowers are seeking loans on land & buildings, the borrower shall purchase the lands in the name of proprietor/firm/company/ society as the case may be.   g. Generally, the Corporation will not accept third party collateral security.       The following are the loan security documents to be executed by the borrowers in favour of the Corporation and the required documents for a particular loan are to be taken from amongst the documents mentioned below:   1. Deed of Hypothecation
2. Memorandum of Deposit of Title Deeds
3. Guarantee Agreement
4. Loan Agreement
5. Promissory Note
6. Assignment of Development Rights       SANCTION      
  • Brief project report
  • Copy of ssi registration certificate
  • Bio-data of proprietor / partners / directors with 2 pasport size colour photographs as per proforma alongwith copies of certificates regarding academic qualifications, experience etc.
  • Solvency declaration of proprietor / partners / directors as per proforma (on rs.20 non-judicial stamp paper)
  • C0py of partnership deed & firm registration in respect of firms/memorandum and articles of association & certificate of incorporation in respect of companies.
  • Copy of land sale deed/ sale agreement / allotment letter of apiic ltd.
  • Building plans (approved plans in respect of hotels/nursing homes/commercial & residential complexes proposals)
  • Civil estimates
  • Letter from the lessor expressing willingness to let out the building and execution of regd. Lease agreement for 7 years in the unit is proposed in leasehold buildings with rough plan.
  • Quotations for machinery and equipment from standard suppliers alongwith comparartive quotations.
  • Copy of panchayat / municipal approval.
  • Copy of power feasibility letter from a.p.transco.
  • Copies of collateral security property documents.
  • Working results (audited balance shdeets and profit & loss accounts) for the last 3 years in respect of existing units and the provisional for the current year with all schedules.
  • Working results (audited balance shdeets and profit & loss accounts) for the last 3 years of associated concerns of promoters.
  • Particulars of available assets (land, buildings, machinery) in respect of existing unit.
  • Other details such as raw material & market tie-ups, technology tie-up with background of technical consultant etc.
  • Other details such as raw materials and slaes invoices, list of major customers, particulars of orders on hand etc.
  • Service charge @ 0.5% of loan applied 12.36% service tax on the service charges at the time of filing the application.
  • Upfront fee @ 0.5% of the loan sanctioned 12.36% service tax on upfront fee at the time of first disbursement.
   

Steps involved

1) Register a company (Proprietorship or Partnership or Pvt Ltd or Public Limited) for setting up Solar power Project. Get accredition. Get registered with mnre. Preferred for REC projects.

2) Open a bank account in the new company name if you are an individual . Old name will do if you intend running the solar power generation in the old company’s name.

3) Acquire adequate  land on your company name for setting up Solar Power Project. Create provision for evacuation or atleast get flow study done.

3) Deposit 10% of the project cost in the bank account on company name and take proof of funds from the bank.

4) GET Accredition from local NLDC. GET “ flow study “ approval from Transco. Prepare DPR

5) PPA copy to be there in the DPR or bank loan application.  Get permission to feed power to the T&D network

Bank loan application to have 

1) Proof of Land Ownership , patta, unencumberance certificate
2) DPR,
3) PPA / 
4) Company incorporation certificate by an auditor
5)  Bank Balance in the new bank account.
  Equity funding: This is probably the best way to fund and manage a solar power project. Not many developers will have their own funds.    Pre financing by EPC companies: This can be done by EPCs.But mostly most EPCs operate on tight budgets. The profits in EPC business is not much and hence to expect funding from them is not right.     Suppliers credit : Normally given by module manufacturers from usa and china to large customers, it is not equity funding, but it helps a lot.  It is also possible to get such credits from  Inverter makers and Tracking systems makers. That is in case you are going for a tracking system.  Especially those tracking systems that claim over 25 % increase in efficiency can afford to give some credit as they can recover their money from the increased power generated. Many of these companies are funder by VCs and may have provision to give suppliers credit.     Non-recourse project financing –   This is the preferred financing structure, wherein the lending institutions would provide debt to a special purpose vehicle set-up for the project and would have a lien on the project’s cash-flows. However as this structure does not provide recourse to the developer’s balance sheet, lending institutions require rock-solid agreements for revenues from the projects. The above structure gives an option for obtaining non-recourse Project Financing. However the developer needs to ensure that the following are in place to make the   lending institutions comfortable Performance – Contractual guarantees from technology providers for the long-term performance of the plant revenues – Long-term power purchase agreements with credible consumers, i.e. direct power sale to the consumer. As discussed above, the current structure of the JNNSM PPA may not be bankable due to the credibility of many states. The government has been contemplating a tri-partite agreement between the developer, state discom and the Reserve Bank of India to ensure the PPAs bankability, however this is not confirmed yet.    RenewableEnergy Certificate – developers can forego the preferential tariff and trade the RECs on the energy exchange. However the market is in its nascent stage and depends on the state’s renewable purchase obligations.    Project viability – In addition to the above, developers must convince lenders that projects are viable and have the capability of repaying debt without outside assistance. This could mean that the project has to fund a Debt-Service-Reserve-Account in addition to having healthy   Debt-ServiceCoverage-Ratios.    Other options for financing    Other non-conventional options for financing include:          U.S. EX-IM BANK FINANCING FOR INDIAN SOLAR POWER PROJECTS     1.What is U.S. Ex-Im bank? Or     Who are the beneficiaries of U.S. Ex-Imbank financing?
  • U.S.Ex-Im Bank financing is usually the most cost-effective source of financing for international customers to purchase U.S. made technology.
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank: top priority to support renewable energy & environmental exports
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank supports short, medium, and long-term financing to creditworthy international customers, and working capital guarantees to U.S. exporters
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank is interested in any size project
 2. What are the advantages of U.S. Ex-Im bank financing over Indian banks? 
  • The interest rate offered is lesser than Indian banks. You can get limited recourse financing. You can get financing far more than the traditional 70%:30% :: debt:equity structure. 
 3. Who is eligible for U.S. Ex-Im bank financing? 
  • All big companies with clean and healthy balance sheets are eligible for U.S. Ex-Im financing. 
 4. What kind of financing is provided by U.S. Ex-Im bank? 
  • U.S. Ex-Im supports solar projects on a project finance (limited recourse) basis as well as does balance sheet financing. 
 5. Does the bank have any special programs for renewable energy projects? 
  • Terms of up to 18-years for renewable energy projects.
  • Up to 30% local cost support within the U.S. scope of supply.
  • Capitalization of interest during construction.
  • Creation of the Office of Renewable Energy & Environmental Exports in 2008.
  • Creation of a Renewable Energy Express Program in 2010. 
 6.Renewable Energy Express sounds interesting, but what is it all about? 
  • Renewable Express: Renewable Express helps Indian buyers of U.S. clean-energy equipment, technology and services by providing streamlined financing for small clean-energy projects. U.S. Ex-Im Bank can process transactions of between $3 million to $10 million in as few as 60 days.
 7.What is the clean energy portfolio like?
  •  Today, it is a highly active portfolio exceeding $3 billion that includes financing for exports of renewable energy equipment, energy efficiency technologies, wastewater treatment projects, air pollution technologies, waste management services, and other goods and services.
 8. What is the easiest way to avail U.S. Ex-Im bank financing?  Direct Loan
  • Direct Loans made by U.S. Ex-Im Bank to a foreign buyer.
  • Interest rate for an 18-year Direct Loan is 2.95% (as of November 14, 2012).
  • The International borrower submits the Direct Loan application.
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank requires the buyer to make a cash payment to the exporter equal to atleast 15% of the U.S. supply contract.
  • 15% cash payment can either be borrowed from a lender or the exporter, or befrom the buyer’s own funds.
  • Shipping must be made on U.S.-flag vessel (except air shipments).
 9. Is any kind of guarantee required for availing an U.S. Ex-Imbank loan?  Loan Guarantee
  • Guaranteed Loans made by commercial banks (U.S. or foreign) to a foreign buyer with a 100% unconditional repayment guarantee from U.S. Ex-Im Bank.
  • Guarantee covers 85% of the U.S. content of the transaction.
  • Banks often finance the 15% required cash payment.
  • Guarantee available in major foreign currencies.
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank also has Local Currency Loan Guarantees. 
Working Capital Guarantee
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank provides 90% repayment Guarantee for working capital loans.
  • The Working Capital Guarantee serves as the collateral to the commercial lender by mitigating the risk inherent when the source of repayment for the loan is an overseas contract.
  • Enables exporters to finance materials, labor, and overhead to produce goods/services for export.
  • In FY 2011, Calisolar, Amonix, Suniva, Miasole, Southwest Windpower, and others used this program to finance production for export sales. 
 10.  First Solar is a big solar panel manufacturing company in the US. Have any projects benefitted from using First Solar modules/panels?    11.  Are joint ventures and/or subsidiary companies also eligible for U.S. Ex-Im bank financing?
  •  Solar Field Energy Two, a wholly owned subsidiary of Kiran Energy Solar Private Power Ltd. gets U.S. Ex-Im funding for their solar project! 
  • Mahindra Surya Prakash, a joint venture of Kiran Energy and Mahindra Holding Ltd., received loan for two solar facilities.
  12. Can a long-term financing be entered into?   13.  Can same company apply for loan 2nd time around albeit for a different project? 
  • Azure Power again gets a nitrogen boost for its solar business in the form of $70.35 million loan from U.S. Ex-Im bank.  
 14.  Are only solar PV projects eligible or solar thermal (CSP) projects also?   15.  What if I, as a company would like to go for a consortium of lending institutions and U.S. Ex-Im bankbe one of them?
  •  Welspun Energy secures the financial closure for their solar PV project in Rajasthan. In achieving this financial closure a consortium of lending institutions were involved.
 16 .What is the duration for provision of loans? Or How does one benefit from U.S. Ex-Im loans for renewable energy projects?  Loans:  1. Medium-Term
  • Typically up to five years repayment and under $10 million
  • Export-Credit Insurance and Guarantees of Commercial Loans.
Benefits:
  • Quick turnaround
  • Covers both capital goods and services
  • Lower financing costs with negotiated interest rates Covers both principal and interest
  2. Long-Term
  • Typically up to 10 years repayment or over $10 million
  • Guarantees of Commercial Loans
Benefits:
  • Extended repayment terms depend on the project but could be up to 18 years for renewable-energy power
  • Available in U.S. dollar and foreign currencies, including the Indian rupee
  • Negotiable interest rates with fixed interest- rate options
  • Tailored principal repayment profiles available.
    17. What is the fee charged by U.S. Ex-Im for providing services? Fees  18. I’m interested in applying, how do I apply for a loan? Or How do I know if I’m eligible to apply? ü  Procedure for applying to a U.S. Ex-Im bank loan ü  Eligibility requirement for applying to a U.S. Ex-Im bank loan   19.Can I get more detailed information about availing loan from U.S. Ex-Im bank?   ü  Detailed information about various types of loans and related products on offer by U.S. Ex-Im bank for renewable energy (solar) project developers   SBICAPS   SBI Capital Markets (SBICAPS)     finances solar projects.  Foreign banks in general are  open to lending to Indian investment banks for a portfolio of similar projects. This debt is then passed on to the developers with a margin and a hedging charge. The actual lending to the developer takes place based on RBI guidelines. SBICAPS has been involved with the financing of projects developed by Tata Power Co., Kiran Energy, Sunborne, Alex Astral and Acme Tele Power. Other investment banks operating in India include the Bank of America, Barclays Capital, BNP Paribas, Lazard, Credit Suisse,           Export credit agencies / International investment cum insurance agencies     US EXIM 0.7% (LIBOR27) 3.5%  (Margin) 6.5% (Hedging) = 10.7% Loan Up to 80�sed on value of imports 9 – 16 years duration Approx. 1.45  DSCR     Borrowing from the US EXIM bank has certain limitations for projects.    The total consideration of project cost for debt can only be a maximum of 30% over and above the cost of imports from the US. As this financing option is usually based on module imports and prices for modules account for only around 40% of the total project cost, the developer will need to club a US EXIM loan with another source of finance, thereby potentially increasing the cost of procuring debt.    The timelines for financial closure for projects under different policies in India range from six to eight months. Typically, the US EXIM bank can take between six to nine months to process loan requests, straining developers’ execution timelines.   Developers aiming for a US EXIM loan usually have to arrange for alternative bridge financing to carry on the procurement and construction work before the disbursement of the debt amount. The long processing time is attributed mostly to the lengthy legal, technical and financial due diligence undertaken by the bank. Further, the due diligence can increase transaction costs.   US EXIM financing is ideal for projects of size 10 MW and above. Only  such projects can bear the high transaction costs. Moreover, to qualify for US EXIM financing, the project developer must import modules and in some cases other equipment from the US.          Important International  export  credit agencies/export insurance agencies are: Euler Hermes Kreditversicherungs-AG (Germany), China Export & Credit Insurance Corporation (China), Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (Japan), Korea Trade Insurance Corporation (South Korea), Swiss Export Risk Insurance (Switzerland), Export Finance and Insurance Corporation (Australia), OesterreichischeKontrollbank AG (Austria), Export-Import Bank of Malaysia Berhad, (Malaysia), Export Development Canada (Canada), Hong Kong Export Credit Insurance Corporation (Hong Kong).
    Foreign funding – Large project developers can tap international banks to get   lower rates of finance.       However, hedging can put a substantial dent in the rate differential and only someone ready to take   the currency risk should resort to this option.   The idea of collecting large number of small projects and approaching exim bank or LIbor , doesnt make much   sense. it can probably operate as suppliers credit. At best.             OPIC   The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)is the U.S. government’s development finance institution.  OPIC  supports solar in India by providing  financing, guarantees, political risk insurance, and support for private equity investment funds.  OPIC  has committed  Rs 55 billion  to the renewables sector globally last year and nearly one-quarter of it had been earmarked for India.  OPIC is  involved in financing of projects by Azure Power and Sun Edison in India.     IREDA   The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) is a development funding institution but operates as a NBFC under the administrative control of MNRE for providing term loans for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. IREDA has received a Rs 13 billion  of credit from KfW for a broad mandate of promoting renewable power in India but has not been particularly active in financing utility scale solar projects till date. IREDA also provides loans to other banks at interest rates as low as 2-5% so as to incentivize them to finance renewable projects. Your bank manager can work with IREDA to get low cost funding. It is a less known and less used route.       ADB   ADB  provides financing support under the India Solar Generation Guarantee Facility (ISGGF), under its Asia Solar Energy Initiative (ASEI) . Apart from providing debt as per ADB’s LIBOR-based lending facility towards solar transmission infrastructure in Gujarat, ADB also considers direct financing and/or guarantees for projects greater than 25 MW. Reliance Power’s 100 MW CSP plant has been partially financed with both debt and equity participation by ADB. Under ISGGF, ADB provides partial credit guarantees (PCGs) available to local and foreign commercial banks that finance private sector solar power plants in the country. This guarantee covers up to 50% of the payment default risk on bank loans made to project developers. Currently, two commercial banks have been approved by ADB as eligible partner banks: L&T Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (India) and the NorddeutscheLandesbank (abbreviated Nord/LB, Germany). ADB aims to support 3 GW of solar power capacity in developing member countries by May 2013.               KfW and DEG   Germany’s KfW and DEG are also invest in  the Indian solar market. KfW is involved in lending to a 125 MW project by Mahagenco in Maharashtra and DEG has provided Rs 6.80cr  risk capital in the form of Compulsory Convertible Debentures (CCDs) to Azure Power     Other active sources for funds Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), U.K Department for International Development Cooperation (DFID), Netherlands Development Finance Company (FMO), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investmet Bank (EIB) and the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB)    Indian banks are being very conservative, insisting on 1.2-1.3 DSC ratio. For project economics to look more attractive to developers, DSC ratios should be at a minimum of 1.1-1.15. At this rate, the attractiveness of several projects begins to change substantially.       L&T Infrastructure Finance Company (subsidiary of L&T Financing Holdings),    Power Finance Corporation (PFC),     Mahindra Finance,    IDFC,     IL&FS,    SBI Capital Markets and     Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA).    US EXIM bank an  active Export Credit Agency (ECA). IFC,   a member of the World Bank Group    has provided financing for projects by developers such as Green Infra, Mahindra Solar, Azure Power and SunEdison India.    ADB provides financing support under the India Solar Generation Guarantee Facility (ISGGF), under its Asia Solar Energy Initiative (ASEI) to promote the development of solar energy in India. Currently, two commercial banks have been approved by ADB as eligible partners: L&T Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (India) and the Norddeutsche Landesbank (abbreviated Nord/LB, Germany).       NEWS RELATED TO PROJECT FINANCING *PFC WANTS MANAGEMENT CONTROL IN BANK TO AID PAYMENT SECURITY17 JUNE 2013 NEW DELHI: Power Finance Corp, which has loan assets of over Rs 1.6 lakh crore, has said that having management control in a bank would help in bolstering its payment security mechanism by lowering dependence on third party bankers.more.. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- =========================================================================================   *What is the space / area / land required for the plant?    Generally, it is assumed at 3.5 to 4acres for crystalline silicon (c-Si) technology and 6 to 7 acres per MW for thin film solar (a-Si or CdTe) technology. In reality, it depends on other parameters like cost of land, Ground Coverage
Ratio (GCR)(to avoid inter array shading, GCR can be 0.45 to 0.65 and 
generation will vary based on GCR) and choice of sun tracking 
systems (with sun trackers the land required will be about 6acres
per MW for crystalline solar modules).  Which are the ideal states for setting up of solar power projects?  Hot destinations are Rajasthan, Gujarat and MH, MP, Andhra, Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu as far as solar radiation is concerned. Presently, only 
Andhra, Rajasthan and Gujarat have a clear policy and guidelines on the procedures for 
setting up solar power projects. Other states may also initiate the policy 
and procedures soon now that Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission has been 
launched by Government of India.  Are Banks interested in financing solar power projects?  The Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) works out to an average of 1.49
which is considered quite acceptable to commercial banks for sanction of loan. 
The maximum debt that is permitted as per CERC norms is 70% and most 
banks should be find this acceptable based on the financial strength and 
net worth of the company / promoters. The present policy driven by the
National Solar Mission and PPA for 25 years with a central PSU like NTPC's 
subsidiary should provide adequate confidence to Banker to finance solar
power projects.             ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION WHAT IS AD? WHO CAN CLAIM AD? ADVANTAGES FOR AD CLIENTS IN SOLAR PROJECTS  What is Accelerated Depreciation in solar power generation and how can I benefit from it?              MAJOR STEPS TO MW SCALE SOLAR        Designing and Planning   Detailed Project Report, power evacuation planning, 
DPR preparation, Codes & Standards interpretations
Regulatory approvals,   Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) facilitation, Technology Tie Ups   Banking documentation, Financial closure, Security cover & major clause
Project Structuring & Designing, electrical works, 
Project Management , Project commissioning    Want to set up a solar plant!?   Call Manohar  90435 39679 or better still email < mano@eai.in >   ====================================================================================         APPC for various states in India               
State Current purchase price by state discoms/ ebs
   Rs/Unit
Andhra Pradesh 2.50
Gujarat 2.98
Haryana 2.77
Himachal Pradesh 2.23
Karnataka 2.66
Kerala 1.99
Madhya Pradesh 2.09
Maharashtra 2.62
Punjab 2.71
Rajasthan 2.60
Tamil Nadu 3.38
Uttarakhand 2.34
Uttar Pradesh 2.62
West Bengal 2.43  
       =========================================================================================   7.ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SETTING YOUR SOLAR PLANT IN A SOLAR PARK   ADVANTAGES OF A SOLAR PARK  

1. Ready to move & start facility for any solar power developer with clear title land.

2. Proper North-South oriented plots to be allotted so as to reduce land wastage, which are ideal for solar plant designing

3. Reduction in time to both start and execute the project.

4. No ROW (right of way) issue will be there for laying of transmission line, which will be done only once and common to all.

5. Ease of work execution and management will be there.

6. Relief from local issues which again will result into time and money saving in project execution.

7. Evacuation from individual project will be done right from the individual plot to the discom’s substation at 132KV level.

8. Reduced transmission losses to the tune of 1/16th of the normal at 33KV.

9. Individual plant metering at pooling substation for ease of billing.

10. Security, preventive maintenance of approach roads & transmission line etc. will be done on periodic basis.

11. Grid down time is also minimum for 132 kV sub-station, which means higher revenue
generation

12. Better financials than in your own lands.  


DISADVANTAGES OF A SOLAR PARK  

1. Your project is not in your state, benefitting your people

2. Your project is not in your lands. Absence of Prestige value in the neighbourhood.

3. You can’t to do the maintenance of the solar power plant directly and daily in your village


* Don’t have lands? See solar as a business opportunity. Go for Solar park.

* Want to invest in and  reap regular dividends with least hassles. Go for Solar park

* Interested in availing accelerated depreciation and making decent safe returns, invest in a solar park.    
Want to set up a Plug and play solar park? 500 KW onwards Call Manohar  90435 39679 or better still email < mano@eai.in > ===================================================================================== 8. SEVEN STEPS TO DESIGNING A SOLAR CAPTIVE POWER PLANT FOR A FACTORY    There are seven steps involved in designing a successful captive solar PV installation 
  • Scoping of the project
  • Calculating the amount of solar energy available
  • Surveying the site
  • Calculating the amount of energy needed
  • Sizing the solar system
  • Component selection and costing
  • Detailed design
Step 1 –SCOPING THE PROJECT As with any project, you need to know what you want to achieve. This basically involves detailing what you want from the captive PV installation, once installed. Do you want it to completely provide your day time electricity usage? Or do you want it to support a part of your usage? To start with, the scope of the project can be simple and later as we progress we can flesh it out to suit the requirements. Defining the scope is in fact the most important step because once the basic scope is wrong, we might not be able to get the system do, what we exactly want it to do. Step2 - CALCULATING THE SOLAR POWER AVAILABLE Solar insolation is the amount of electromagnetic energy (solar radiation) incident on the surface of the earth. Basically that means how much sunlight is shining down on the area under consideration. The values are generally expressed in kWh/m2/day. This is the amount of solar energy that strikes a square metre of the earth's surface in a single day. Of course this value is averaged to account for differences in the days' length. There are several units that are used throughout the world. By knowing the insolation levels of a particular region one can determine the number of PV modules that are required. An area with poor insolation levels will need a larger number of PV modules than an area with high insolation levels. Once the region’s insolation level is known, one can more accurately calculate collector size and energy output. The typical thumbrule that is used for the amount of electricity that solar PV can produce is as follows: On average, 1 W of solar PV, at current crystalline silicon panel efficiencies, can produce about 4 Wh of electricity per day. This is however only an average estimate and based on the location, this could be a bit lower or higher than the average. Step 3 – SURVEYING THE SITE A site survey basically consists of a brief interview with the developer to get a feel for their electricity needs and a physical inspection of the proposed array site to see if it is suitable for solar. When a qualified photovoltaic design professional visits a potential solar site, he or she has many things to watch out for. Primarily, they will be checking the roof's orientation (azimuth) and solar access. Orientation refers to the direction the roof faces - directly south is ideal, with some leeway to the Southwest or Southeast. Solar access quantifies the percentage of time when the proposed array location will be receiving the full unshaded power of the sun during different days of the year. A shady roof might disqualify a site from receiving incentive money from the state, and is not a responsible choice for solar anyway. There are ways to get around shade issues - either by looking at alternate sites, trimming or removing trees, or by using micro-inverters in the system design rather than one large central inverter. Step 4 - CALCULATING THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY NEEDED The next big task for any photovoltaic system designer is to determine the system load. This load estimate is one of the key factors in the design and cost of the stand-alone PV system. A simple way to determine the approximate ceiling for the solar PV system capacity for all electricity needs is as follows: 1.  Find out your total monthly electricity consumption. Let’s say it is 100000 kWh 2.  Divide it by 30 to get an approximate daily consumption. In the example, it is about 3300 kWh. 3.  Using the thumb rule that 1 W of solar PV can approximately produce 4 Wh of electricity per day, you can determine the approximate maximum solar PV capacity you will require to power all your systems using solar PV. In this case, if the total daily consumption of electricity is 3300 kWh, you will require a maximum of 3300/4 = 825 kW.  4.  It is however very unlikely that you would require such a high capacity for solar PV as you will need solar PV primarily as a backup power source, perhaps as a replacement for diesel based power generation.  Ceiling for the solar PV required for complete diesel replacement  In most cases, you will be using solar only as a backup power source to replace diesel based power production. 6.  One simple way to determine the amount of solar PV for this purpose is to determine the total amount of electricity you produce using diesel every month. In the example provided, out of the 100000 kWh of total electricity you consume every month, let’s say 10% or 10000 kWh is generated from diesel gensets. This provides you the ceiling for the solar PV system capacity for complete diesel replacement. In this case, it is 82.5 kW.  7. As a thumb rule, one litre of diesel produces 4 kWh, so you can also compute the above with the data for the amount of diesel used every month.  While estimating the load, the designer should consider energy conserving substitutes for items that are used often. Identifying large and/or variable loads and determining if they can be eliminated or changed to operate from another power source will save cost.   Step 5 – SIZING THE SYSTEM  From the results obtained in step 2 and step 4, we can determine the size of the solar system that will be needed to power the site. The necessary systems involved in the setting up of captive power plants are:  1)      Array(collection of solar PV modules)  2)      Charge controllers  3)      Batteries  4)      Inverters  5)      Mounting systems  Note: The exact procedure for sizing of a solar system has to begin with calculating the amphere hour (Ah) of each load under consideration. Without knowing this it is impossible to size the PV system.  PV array sizing – Array sizing is determined by taking into account the daily energy requirement (in Kilowatt hours) and average daily peak sunshine hours in the design month.  No part of a PV array can be shaded. The shading of small portions of a PV module may greatly reduce output from the entire array. PV modules connected in series must carry the same current. If some of the PV cells are shaded, they cannot produce current and will become reverse biased. This means the shaded cells will dissipate power as heat, and over a period of time failure will occur.  However, since it is impossible to prevent occasional shading, the use of bypass diodes around series - connected modules is recommended  Hybrid Indicator  At this point, the basic PV system configuration and size have been determined. Before proceeding to specify components for the system, a simple test is recommended to see if the application might be a candidate for a hybrid system.  Two main indicators work together to alert the designer to a possible hybrid application; the size of the load, and the seasonal insolation variability at the site.  The larger the load the more likely a hybrid PV-generator system will be a good economic choice. Likewise, in cloudy climates you need a larger system to meet the load demand; thus having a higher array/load ratio. Plotting the load versus the array/load ratio gives an indication of whether a hybrid system should be considered. There may be other reasons to consider a hybrid system: for example, systems with high availability requirements or applications where the load energy is being provided by an existing generator.  A word of caution--the controls required for a hybrid system are more complex because the interaction between engine generator, PV array, and battery must be regulated. Obtaining advice from an experienced designer is recommended if you decide to install a hybrid system.   Controllers - Charge controllers are included in most photovoltaic systems to protect the batteries from overcharge or excessive discharge. Overcharging can boil the electrolyte from the battery and cause failure. Allowing the battery to be discharged too much will cause premature battery failure and possible damage to the load. The controller is a critical component in your PV system. Thousands of rupees of damage may occur if it does not function properly. In addition, all controllers cause some losses (tare loss) in the system. One minus these losses, expressed as a percentage, is the controller efficiency.  The cost of the controller increases rapidly as the current requirement increases. Controllers for 12-volt and 24-volt systems with currents up to 30 amperes are available at a reasonable cost. Controllers with 30- 100 amperes are available but 2-5 times more expensive. Controllers that will switch currents over 100 amperes are usually custom designed for the application. One way to work with currents over 100 amperes is to connect controllers in parallel. It is often less expensive to use five 20- ampere rated controllers in parallel than one 100-ampere unit.   The controller must be installed in a weather resistant junction box and can be located with other components such as diodes, fuses, and switches. Excessive heat will shorten controller lifetime so the junction box should be installed in a shaded area and venting provided if possible. Controllers should not be mounted in the same enclosure with batteries. The batteries produce a corrosive environment that may cause failure of electronic components.   Battery sizing - To determine the size of the battery storage required for a stand-alone PV system, it is required to make a number of decisions. Before making these choices, one should study and understand battery parameters and the concept of system availability. First, you must choose the amount of back-up energy you want to store for your application. This is usually expressed as a number of no sun days, in other words, for how many cloudy days must your system operate using energy stored in batteries. There is no “right answer” to this question. It depends on the application, the type of battery, and the system availability desired.  Inverters - Power conditioning units, commonly called inverters, are necessary in any stand-alone PV system with ac loads. The choice of inverter will be a key factor in setting the dc operating voltage of your system.  When specifying an inverter, it is necessary to consider requirements of both the dc input and the ac output.   The choice of inverter will affect the performance, reliability, and cost of your PV system. Usually, it is the third most expensive component after the array and battery.   The selection of the inverter input voltage is an important decision because it often dictates the system dc voltage.  An inverter should be installed in a controlled environment because high temperatures and excessive dust will reduce lifetime and may cause failure. The inverter should not be installed in the same enclosure with the batteries because the corrosive gassing of the batteries can damage the electronics and the switching in the inverter might cause an explosion. However, the inverter should be installed near the batteries to keep resistive losses in the wires to a minimum.   Mounting structures- Ground mounting of PV arrays is recommended for stand-alone systems. Regardless of whether you buy or build the mounting structure make sure it is anchored and the modules are restrained. Many module manufacturers and distributors sell mounting hardware specifically designed for their modules. This hardware is intended for multiple applications and different mounting techniques and considerations like wind loading have been included in the design. Using this mounting hardware is the simplest and often the most cost effective. Customized array mounting structures can be expensive.     Others- It is important to select wire, connectors, and protection components such as switches and fuses that will last for twenty years or more. To obtain this long life, they must be sized correctly, rated for the application, and installed carefully. Connections are particularly prone to failure unless they are made carefully and correctly.   Step 6 – COMPONENT SELECTION AND SIZING   Once the various components have been sized, the next important step is the selection and costing of the components.  There are many players in the market vying to establish their products. At this juncture, the system developer has to select components by taking into account factors like technical specifications, reliability, and lifetime of the components in addition to the cost.  Investment for the solar modules is for a period of 25 years, so selecting a high efficient solar panel is of prime importance. The manufactures of the batteries claim a lifetime of about 7 years, whereas inverters guarantee at most 2 years. As can be seen from these numbers, selection becomes a crucial part of the captive solar PV installation.  Step 7 – DETAILED DESIGN  Now that the major components have been sized and selected, it is time to consider how to interconnect everything as a working system.  The detailed design is the more actionable form of the captive solar PV installation. The system developer accumulates all the data collected from the previous 6 steps and prepares a layout of the installation on paper. The developer removes obvious engineering fallacies and prepares a corrected version of the layout on paper.  The confirmed design will have all the necessary data like the average consumption per day(kWh), the insolation levels at the area under consideration(in hours) , the optimal plant size, the area required for the same, the number of panels required to be installed in that area, the number of charge controllers, batteries, inverters required for the determined plant size, the cost of all the components and many more intricate details like the viability of installing tracking systems etc.  Stand-alone PV systems will be reliable power producers for more than two decades if properly sized for the application, engineered well, and installed carefully. PV arrays for stand-alone systems are installed in many unique and innovative ways. However, there are common issues involved in any installation, whether the array is fixed or tracking, mounted at ground level, or on a pole or building.     Preventive Maintenance  The integral part of any completed installation is the periodic checks that are recommended for any stand-alone PV system so that little problems can be found and corrected before they affect system operation. The system should be checked soon after installation when it is presumably operating well. Interested in setting up a Captive solar power for your factory? Send mail to mano@eai.in   subject    Factory power 

 

  9.STEPS INVOLVED IN DESIGNING A ROOF-TOP SOLAR PV SYSTEM WITH BATTERY BACKUP

    A stand-alone PV plant for AC and DC loads:   The broad steps involved in designing a roof-top stand-alone solar PV plant are:
  1. Estimation of total loads and energy
  2. Selection of an inverter
  3. Sizing of battery bank
  4. Sizing of PV array
  5. Selection of other components
  6. Installation and commissioning
  7. Testing and evaluation
  Estimation of total loads and energy:  
  1. Sum the total AC connected watts
  2. Sum the total DC connected watts
  3. Calculate the AC average daily energy requirement
  4. Divide this by the inverter efficiency to obtain the DC energy required to the AC load
  5. Calculate the total energy requirement due DC loads
  6. Add the DC energies obtained by step 4 and step 5
  7. This quantity is the total DC energy load on the battery bank
    Selection of inverter:  
  1. The capacity of the inverter must be more than that of the total daily average AC loads, including their surge requirement
  2. The nominal DC input voltage of the inverter will be the battery bank voltage and is decided by the design of the inverter
  3. The output will be single phase or three phase , 230/440V  & 50Hz, to be compatible to the AC loads requirement
  4. The conversion efficiency at minimum load (10%) should be 80%
  5. Total Harmonic Distortion (TDH) < 3%
  6. The wave shape, crest factor, power factor etc, to be as per the load requirements
  Battery bank sizing:  
  1. The total DC energy ÷ the nominal input voltage gives the daily Ampere Hour (AH) requirement from the battery bank
  2. The daily AH hours X autonomy ÷ discharge limit provides the battery bank Ampere hour capacity
  3. Battery bank AH capacity/Individual battery AH gives the number of batteries in parallel (generally it is 1)
  4. DC system voltage ÷ the battery voltage gives number of batteries in series
      PV array sizing:  
  1. Average daily AH requirement from the battery ÷ battery columbic efficiency gives the AH to be put in by the PV array in a day
  2. AH required from PV array ÷ average peak sun hours in a day of the site gives Amperes required from PV array
  3. Amperes from array peak ÷ panel (or module) peak ampere gives number of PV panel strings required in parallel
  4. Nominal system DC voltage ÷ nominal operating module voltage gives the number of SPV modules in one series string
  5. Number of modules in one series string X number of parallel strings gives the total number of SPV modules in the power plant
  6. Number of PV modules X PV module wattage is the total PV array wattage
    Other components:  
  1. Charge controller maximum current capacity should be one and half times that of total short circuit current of all parallel strings
  2. The total open circuit voltage of all the modules in series should give the maximum voltage of the charge controller
  3. The cables connecting the module to Junction boxes, to that of DC board and battery bank should be selected as per the standards
  4. Cut-outs, fuses and other control components should be as per the National standard of Electrical current ratings
  Key words: Solar PV, photovoltaic system design, PV arrays, total AC and DC loads, selection of inverter for SPV, battery bank sizing, SPV array sizing, charge controller, SPV module, ampere hours (AH)         Easy Steps to Plan your solar roof top solution  
Solar power energy systems are not inexpensive.
Nor are they too expensive.
At present many households and factories, just need power.
Not many are asking as to when they will get the capital back.   Here is a news item in The Hindu saying that in a few years
the electricity tariff will be Rs 13 or Rs 14/- (http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Madurai/small-units-plan-to-tap-solar-power-in-a-big-way/article4002924.ece)   So, it makes sense to go solar right away.             Fill and   get your house rooftop solar power estimate   by specialists !   Step 1: List your equipment   Number of Fans and no of hours u need it per day Similarly list all electrical devices at home that u need to run in solar power Lights, Refrigerator, grinder, oven, etc., Approx electricity bill per month   Step 2: Roof area you have in square feet Step 3: Do you want a battery? If yes, for how many hours.  
Fill the above information and email with address and mobile no to   < marketing.rooftop@gmail.com > with subject Rooftop requirement   ========================================================================================================================================     If you are an installer/integrator, register with us with address , experience and geographical area of operations by sending a mail to < marketing.rooftop@gmail.com > with the subject installer/ integrator and location .......     We can send u customers who need solar energy !!   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Some quotes
Installer 1 1KW system for Rs.2,10,000 (two lakh ten thousand only).  
In this Govt. is offering Rs.70,000 as subsidy for 1KW system. So, the customer has to pay only Rs.1,40,000 to us, we will get the subsidy directly from government. 2KW system will be Rs.2,70,000.
The break up is as follows:
Solar panels- Rs.60,000 (1000W) Battery Rs.50,000 (400AH Solar Battery) Inverter Rs. 30,000 (1KVA) Mounting structures Rs.25,000 Cable and others Rs.20,000 VAT Rs.12,000
For 2KW system just double. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Installer 2
1 KW (Without Battery) in Rs.
================== =====
1 KWp Solar Panels 51000
1 KVA PCU 24000
Junction Box (4:1) 4500
MS Structure 15000
Solar PV Cable 3000
Installation - Civil 10000
Installation - Wiring 8000
======
115000
====== 1 KW (With Battery) in Rs.
=============== ====
1 KWp Solar Panels 51000
1 KVA PCU 24000
2 X 200 Ah C10 Battery 35000
Junction Box (4:1) 4500
MS Structure 15000
Solar PV Cable 3000
Installation - Civil 10000
Installation - Wiring 10000
======
152000
======   POWER SCENARIO OWNERSHIP SECTOR        STATE        PRIVATE     CENTRAL       SUB-TOTAL  UNIT THERMAL                             2847.92       2166.50        1341.23            6355.65      MW NUCLEAR                                   0                      0               254.86               254.86     MW HYDRO                                   3599                   0                    0                   3599          MW RES*                                      831.84          2554.13             0                  3385.97      MW GRAND TOTAL                   7279.56         4720.63          1596.09        13596.28    MW DISCOM RATING IN KARNATAKA The Ministry of Power(MoP) has released its First Annual Integrated Rating of the State Electricity Distribution Utilities. The ratings were carried out by the rating agencies- ICRA Limited and CARE. In total, 39 state utilities from 20 states were rated and the utilities from Gujarat came on top with excellent ratings whereas the utilities from Uttar Pradesh came at the bottom.     The utilities were rated based on the following parameters. Rating Parameters The Score distribution is as follows. Distribution  Banglore Electricity Supply Company limited B Manglore Electricity Supply Company limited B Hubli Electricity Supply Company Limited B Gulbarga Electricity Supply Company limited B Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Company limited B MORE DETAILS   ========================================================================================= SOLAR NEWS      *SOLAR POWERED IP SETS CAN  DRAW GROUNDWATER FOR 4 TO 5 HOURS WITHOUT ELECTRICITY - FARMERS OF KARNATAKA BELIEVE  Farmers, hit by frequent and unscheduled power cuts, are showing interest in alternative sources of energy to power their irrigation pumpsets (IP sets).Despite their limitations, farmers here believe solar-powered IP sets can be used for at least four to five hours a day to draw groundwater without any interruptions and thus reduce their dependency on electricity.MORE..
   *ENVIRONMENT MINISTRY HEADQUARTERS TO BECOME FIRST 'NET ZERO ' CONVENTIONAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BUILDING!!!14 july 2013   The country's first "net zero" conventional energy consumption multi-storey building - the new headquarters of theenvironment ministry - will be completed in Jor Bagh next month. The building will meet its annual requirement of 14 lakh units of electricity by generating solar power on the site. more.
   *JAKSON POWER TIES UP WITH STANDARD CHARTERED BANK SINGAPORE FOR 750CR INVESTSMENT IN SOLAR: INDIA!!11 july 2013 Targeting a doubling of revenue to Rs 2,500 crore by March 2016, Jakson Power Solutions plans fresh investments of Rs 750 crore in in providing solar energy solutions across India in the next three to four years.The company has so far invested Rs 200 crore on its 20 MW solar power plant set up near Jodhpur, Rajasthan, Sameer Gupta, Managing Director,more..
  *'POWER HAS TO BE PRODUCED AT AN AFFORDABLE PRICE' :CHIDAMBARAM 2 july 2013 "Power has to be produced at an affordable price, fertiliser has to be produced at affordable prices. Those issues will be addressed," Finance Minister P Chidambaram told a news conference, adding prices could be "tweaked" for these sectors.more
  *INDIA TO ACHIEVE ENERGY INDEPENDENCE BY 2030!!?? India wants to achieve energy independence by 2030. Three recent developments show how far it is from this laudable goal.Exhibit 1: One of the stories that emerged during the visit last week by US secretary of state John Kerry was intriguing..MORE.. -
  *SOLAR REC'S DROP TO FLOOR PRICE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!28 june 2013 Indian solar-energy credits in June fell as much as 19 percent from the previous month, sinking to their floor price for the first time since trading began last year as new sun-powered plants came on line.The credits, which power-distribution companies and industrial consumers buy to meet clean-energy mandates, sold for 9,300 rupees ($154), according to  Indian Electricity Exchange and the Power Exchange of India.more..  Will this trigger the sale of solar REC ????or backfire??? 
  *FUNDING OF RS 48.75 CR OBTAINED FROM FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FOR 7 MW SOLAR PLANT BY WELSPUN ENERGY, IN KARNATAKA 26 june 2013   NEW DELHI: Welspun Energy, India's biggest developer of solar projects, today said it has got Rs 48.75 crore funding from financial institutions for its Karnataka solar project.  more..   What is surprising is the project cost. Rs 65 cr. Nearly Rs 9 Cr plus.?
  *DELL INDIA INSTALLS 42.78KW GRID-TIE SOLAR SYSTEM IN BANGLORE , KARNATAKA 25 june 2013    DELL India installs a Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Grid Connected System targeting a reduction of 54.9 tons of CO2-equivalent per year  Becomes the second Dell campus globally and the first in the Asia Pacific & Japan (APJ) region to deploy a solar PV system  more.. 
  *IFC’s INVESTMENT IN GREEN BUSINESS IN INDIA IN 2012-13 JUMPED TO $362 MILLION24 june 2013  The World Bank’s private sector lending arm, International Finance Corporation (IFC), sees a bright future in the Indian renewable energy sector.By the end of this month, its investment in Indian renewable energy and clean technology sectors that began in 2009-10 would have exceeded $1 billion (R5,900 crore).more..
  *FIRST PILOT SMART GRID GETS APPROVED IN MYSORE, KARNATAKA!!!!22 JUNE 2013     The Ministry of Power, Government of India, has approved a Rs 32 crore smart grid pilot project for Mysore.The ministry will fund 50 per cent of the project cost while the remaining will come from the Chamundeswari Electricity Supply Company (CESC). . MORE.
    *COST OF SOLAR POWER AT RS 5.50/UNIT- PLANS MNRE!! NEW DELHI: To give a boost to its efforts to bring down the cost of solar power in India, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is planning to roll out large megawatt size solar power projects, in the order of 500 MW and above. MORE.Rajasthan turned up lowest bid at Rs 6.45 but not many takers.   Similarly in AP too there were not many takers at Rs 6.49   However, TN has achieved 690 MW at Rs 6.48 with 5 % escalation clause
  *SOLAR BIOMASS HYBRID DRYER TO DRY FISH IN 20HRS IN MANGALORE, KARNATAKA!!!   MANGALORE: The project team at College of Fisheries here has developed a solar-biomass hybrid dryer which can dry fish in 20 hours under hygienic condition. This is part of research project 'Securefish' which aims at improving food security by reducing post harvest losses in the fisheries sector..more..
   * 3-25KW SOLAR GENSET STARTING AT RUPEES 5 LAKHS!!!  Jakson Power Solutions is venturing into solar gensets, a territory where no established power player has gone before.To be launched in the next few weeks, the 3-25 kilowatt solar gensets with a starting price of Rs 5 lakh mark yet another unconventional growth strategy for a company which was a conventional diesel generator manufacturer till 2009.MORE..
  *BESCOM CONSUMERS CHARGED WITH ADDITIONAL DEPOSITS AS HIGH AS RS 3000  Bescom consumers in the city have received bills for additional deposits, some high as Rs 3,000.  Consumers at billing counters said the deposit had been paid at the time the power connection was obtained and couldn't understand why they had to pay the extra fee.   MORE.
*80 KW OF SOLAR ROOFTOP UNIT TO BE INSTALLED IN BANG LORE, KARNATAKA       A 80 KWp solar rooftop unit with the facility of battery back-up will come up at Karnataka State Disaster Management Centre, Bangalore. The project is slated to be completed by July 2013. The project will provide round-the-clock uninterrupted power to the disaster management centre. Jakson Power Solutions, a company into power solutions has set up this project more.. 
  * BANGKOK BUYS POWER FROM DOMESTIC PRODUCERS AT TWICE THE ELECTRICITY TARIFF, IS BANGLORE  GOING TO FOLLOW!!?   Firstly, we need a target for 2030. If you’re looking at a vision for power supply in the state, the target should be to make for  50 per cent dependence on the Central grid or any grid that you need for domestic, industrial, commercial and agricultural purposes. Secondly, the power tariff has to be doubled at the very least for consumers in all four segments. MORE..
  *NEW FUND TO REDUCE COSTS FOR SOLAR POWER PROJECTS  A demand for the creation of a separate window under the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) has been made by the industry. It may provide a boost to the country’s domestic solar energy projects by providing easy access to finance for such clean energy technology, the industry has stated in a FICCI white paper. MORE.. The ministry is gradually running out of funds allocated for giving  subsidies , this is a fact .But the advise by FICCI is not germane as it was already commented by  joint secretary  Tarun Kapoor in RENERGY 2013 in chennai  "We are currently getting part of the funds used for subsidy from the National Clean Energy Fund and we are talking to them for more funds," he added.
  *CORPORATION BANK TO GIVE MICRO FINANCE LOANS FOR SOUTHERN STATES ENCOURAGING SOLAR
BANGALORE: Corporation Bank will now give micro-finance loans in southern state for installation of solar home systems, lightings, street light systems and solar based power plants, only if it manufactured by 'Solid Solar', a sister organization of Gautam Polymers. source
     *REMOTE VILLAGE ELECTRIFICATION SCHEME BY MNRE IMPLEMENTED IN OVER  12,000 VILLAGES!!!: SOLAR POWER   The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has been implementing Remote Village Electrification (RVE) Programme for providing financial support for lighting/basic electrification in those remote unelectrified census villages and unelectrified hamlets of electrified census villages where grid extension was not found feasible by the State Governments and hence were not covered under the Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana. Under the programme, 12771 nos. of villages/hamlets have been sanctioned and 10154 nos. of villages and hamlets are reported to be completed as on 30th June 2013.   The State/UT wise details of villages/hamlets sanctioned, reported to be completed and CFA released are given below.
Sl. No. State No. of villages and hamlets sanctioned No. of villages and hamlets reported to be completed CFA released (Rs. In Lakh)**
1. Arunachal Pradesh 298 297 1584.08
2. Andhra Pradesh 13 13 146.97
2. Assam 2192 1883 11580.1
3. Chhattisgarh 682 568 3435.97
4. Delhi* 0 0 24.96
5. Goa 19 19 10.24
6. Gujarat 38 38 88.88
7. Haryana 286 286 276.42
8. Himachal Pradesh 22 21 251.88
9. Jammu & Kashmir 471 349 7819.99
10. Jharkhand 720 493 6877.2
11. Karnataka 79 30 174.98
12. Kerala 607 607 340.65
13. Madhya Pradesh 623 515 3465.16
14. Maharashtra 353 340 3629.7
15. Manipur 240 240 2329.19
16. Meghalaya 163 149 863.85
17. Mizoram 20 20 144.75
18. Nagaland 11 11 100.817
19. Orissa 1743 950 5788.85
20. Rajasthan 430 382 2811.46
21. Sikkim 13 13 16.64
22. Tamil Nadu 184 131 433.76
23. Tripura 1029 842 4989.38
24. Uttarakhand 818 594 2414.34
25. Uttar Pradesh 507 184 3808.86
26. West Bengal 1210 1179 8075.5
Total 12771 10154 71484.577

Getting a PPA for Solar Power Plants in India Know More

* Funds may be released for carrying out evaluation of the scheme.   This information was given by the Minister of New and Renewable Energy Dr Farooq Abdullah in the Rajya Sabha today. MORE.. *KARNATAKA ONE OF THE TOP STATES, TO ACHIEVE A RENEWABLE PURCHASE OBLIGATION OF 122%!!    Greenpeace on Monday called for revision of the Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) mechanism based on equity principle. The RPO framework, in its present form, has failed to deliver its mandate and many powerful states including Delhi have made a mockery of the present framework, it said in a report.

The Ministry of Power needs to make it mandatory with a provision of penal measures to ensure the implementation of RPOs' directive, Greenpeace said in its latest assessment report on Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) titled 'Powering Ahead on Renewables: Leaders and Laggards', which was released on Monday.

The report ranks performance of all the states on renewable energy supply.

Karnataka achieved 122 per cent of its target and was fourth among the seven states that achieved its RPO target. In all, of the 29 states, 22 failed to meet their RPO targets, which lead to a loss of over 25 per cent electricity that was expected to be generated from renewable energy sources in 2012. The state had an energy deficit of 893 million units in 2012.

The north eastern states of Meghalaya and Nagaland, the hill states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh and the southern coastal state of Tamil Nadu have clearly taken the lead in not only meeting their RPO targets but also generating over and above the targets.

RPO framework in its present form has failed to deliver its mandate and many powerful states including national capital Delhi have made a mockery of the present framework. The Ministry of Power needs to make it mandatory with a provision of penal measures to ensure the implementation of RPOs directive.

Disappointingly, heavy energy consumer and a resourceful Union Territory like Delhi that could have set an example, is a straggler in terms of fulfiling its obligation.

Despite a good potential for solar, the National Capital fared amongst the worst with not even 1 per cent achievement. Regulators failed to penalise or implement the directives of RPO in Delhi and in other key states like Maharashtra and Punjab which fell short by about 50 per cent.more..
  *75 PERCENT SUBSIDY FOR SOLAR ENERGY-RUN IRRIGATION PUMP SETSTO 10HP more..   *POWER SHORTAGE IN BANGLORE!!   BANGALORE: It's been virtual darkness at noon. Technical glitches coupled with hiccups on the power generation front have rendered summer an endless nightmare for Bangaloreans. Though there are no scheduled power cuts, officially that is, disruptions in power supply are the order of the day.SOURCE   Solar power generation can be an intresting and viable option.It can help bridge the supply demand gap.       *SOLAR PANEL POWERED CCTV CAMERAS TO BE INSTALLED IN A GIRLS SCHOOL IN BANGLORE KARNATAKA     In an attempt to ensure the safety of girls in the wake of increasing sexual violence against women, the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has proposed installation of closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras in all Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) centres.The proposal, which is a part of a whopping `3,036-crore annual work plan, comes only as a precautionary measure, said Subodh Yadav, state project director. “There have been no untoward incidents in KGBV centres so far, but we do not want to take a chance as the girls come from rural areas,” he said.SOURCE   *SOLAR POWERED BYCYCLE IN BANGLORE   Here’s something for those who want to save the environment without breaking a sweat. If commuting without increasing your carbon footprint is the goal, then a cycle exhibited at the national conference on solar energy organised by Maharani’s Science College for Women holds the key. Powered by solar energy, the cycle pedals itself.MORE..   *SOLAR PROJECTS EXPAND IN KARNATAKA!   Hon’ble KERC has come up with an order dated 22nd March 2013 for introduction of banking facility to Solar Power Projects in Karnataka. KERC had previously invited comments /suggestions on the issue latest by 25thOctober 2012.The Commission has asserted that solar power indeed is infirm in nature and is therefore comparable to those of mini-hydel and wind. In view of the same, the commission has agreed and extended banking facility, with banking charges of 2%, to solar projects on the same terms and conditions as prevalent and applicable to mini hydel and wind generators.SOURCE    *BANGLORE TOPS IN SOLAR WATER HEATER IN THE COUNTRY!   With power cuts forcing Bangaloreans to sweat it out in summer, many are literally looking at the sunny blue skies in desperation. And the redemption is shining bright — in the form of the Sun. No wonder Bangalore is believed to have the highest percentage of solar water heaters in the country (taking into account the ratio of solar water heaters to the number of houses).SOURCE   *COST OF SETTING UP A SOLAR PLANT IN BANGLORE UNVIABLE!!!!   Summer months with their rising temperatures consume more electricity through fans, air conditioners and air coolers. There are more power outages, too. Running a home on solar energy, would mean no electricity bills and no power cuts either. So more and more consumers are opting for renewable energy connections, though the installation costs seem to be high.SOURCE.   Solar roof tops can be viable option, where there is no power at all.   POWER OUTAGES IN RK PURAM ULSOOR TO CONTINUE   BANGALORE: Intermittent power supply will continue to concern KR Puram, Byappanahalli,RamamurthyNagar, Indiranagar, HSR Layout, Ulsoor, parts of Koramangala, Sarjapur,Marathahalli and Whitefield among other areas, say authorities.SOURCE   BESCOMS OVERDRAWS 100MW FROM THE GRID!   The city is indeed the pampered capital. Why? For one, the number of hours of disruption in power supply in Bangalore city barely goes beyond three hours; while the rural areas are lucky if they get more than nine hours of power supply.Conceding this fact, Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (Bescom) spokesperson and Chief General Manager (Corporate Affairs) Anand Naik said that this was because the government had directed the electricity utility to provide 24-hour supply to Bangalore.SOURCE.         POWER TARIFF HIKE IN KARNATAKA POST-PONED     With Karnataka heading for the May 5 Assembly polls, the state power regulator today withheld its tariff order proposing sharp hike citing enforcement of model code of conduct for the elections.READ       MORE         *Karnataka opens solicitation for 130 MW of solar PV, CSP   The Indian state of Karnataka has released a request for proposals (RFP) for 130 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) projects.   The solicitation will use a reverse bidding process, against a benchmark tariff of INR 14.5 (USD 0.266) per kWh for PV and INR 11.3 (USD 0.207) for CSP. Bids must be entered by March 28th, 2013.more..           *India: Same again for Karnataka round two   But there will be some disappointment among developers that policymakers have ignored innovations offered in other states, such as net metering in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and the introduction of solar parks in Gujarat.   Consultancy Bridge to India reports that with a minimum size of 3 MW and maximum of 10 MW under round two of the allocations, the process seems formulated to favor photovoltaic projects over CSP, although both technologies will be considered.more..       Karnataka Solar – RfP for 130 MW released   Karnataka is the latest state to release an RfP for allocation of projects totaling 130 MW. Karnataka follows Tamil NaduAndhra PradeshRajasthanBihar andOdhisha in releasing an RfP.   Unlike most of the recent tenders, Karnataka has not opted for L1 process for project allocation. Instead, it will be similar to the reverse bidding conducted under the JNNSM Phase 1. The benchmark tariff as notified by the Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission(KERC) are as follows.more..   *Udupi: Vidhya Poshak donates solar light to poor student     
Udupi, Mar 9: Vidhya Poshak Yakshagana Kalaranga on Thursday March 7 provided solar lights to Prema, a migrant student from North Karnataka, residing in Beedina Gudde slum here.
 
Sri Vishweshatirtha Swamiji of Pejawar Math inaugurated the solar light project in the house by switching on the light.more..
  KARNATAKA HOUSING BOARD TO HARNESS SOLAR ENERGY   Karnataka housing minister V Somanna launched the groundwork, which will be completed in 12 months. Under Package-I, 2039 sites will be developed in 136 acres at a cost of Rs 193 crore while Package-II is getting 1,923 sites at a cost of Rs 160 crore. The Package-III and Package-IV are smaller in nature together accounting for 2,271 sites at a total cost of Rs 235 crore. A KHB official said, the new layout will harness solar energy for the supply of power and it will have a separate drinking water line from KRS dam.MORE   400 CRORE SOLAR PARK IN KARNATAKA   The State Government is planning a 4,000-acre solar park in Bijapur district.The Government has set a target of 18 months to complete the solar farm and will start with small capacities of 80-100 MW, and gradually increase capacity, Mr N.S. Prasanna Kumar, Managing Director of Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd (KREDL),Said source   TIME FOR SOLAR ENERGY IN KARNATAKA, SAY EXPERTS!   BANGALORE: Power and energy experts in city believe that finance ministry has hit the nail on its head by saying that dependence on coal has to be reduced and consecutively directing the electricity distribution companies to restructure their financial position.SOURCE    Consolidated solar energy policy likely     The State Cabinet on Tuesday discussed the necessity of formulation of a consolidated solar energy policy to tap solar power in the State. The policy would be formulated by the Energy Department in consultation with Industry, Infrastructure, Water Resources and other departments.   Now, there was no uniform policy for promoting solar energy projects, Minister for Primary and Secondary Education Vishveshwara Hegde Kageri has said. The Cabinet has authorised the Industries Department to formulate guidelines for one-time settlement of pending dues to the government by 777 small units. The government gave loans to units under the Mysore State Aid to Industries Act, 1950, a few decades ago. The pending principal amount from these units was Rs. 56.85 lakh, while the interest amount was Rs. 1.93 crore, Mr. Kageri said. source        *New solar power policy for Karnataka soon    The state cabinet on Tuesday decided to formulate a simpler and more transparent policy for giving a boost to solar power generation in the state.   Vishweshwara Hegde Kageri, the minister for primary and secondary education, said the ministry of environment, along with the infrastructure, energy and irrigation ministries, would soon formulate the policy.   “Further, the Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will be authorised to approve solar power plants with a capacity up to 1,000MW. The present limit is 100MW,” he said.   The cabinet also decided to appeal to the centralgovernment to carry out special developmental work through the stategovernment after providing special status to the Hyderabad-Karnataka region.           Karnataka Renewable Energy Policy  2009 to 2014       Solar Lamps to be made mandatory in Karnataka Chief Minister Jagadish Shettar on Wednesday said the government will consider suggestions to make installation of at least four solar lamps in houses mandatory in the State. He was responding to various suggestions by K.L.H. Raya, Chief Executive of Deepa Solar Lighting Systems, Bangalore, at the inauguration of its new production facility here. Besides solar lights at residences, Mr. Raya had also suggested mandatory installation of bio-gas plants by dairy farmers, installation of LED lamps for streetlights and making use of solar energy for street lighting in villages. Starting with GPs Responding to these suggestions, Mr. Shettar said gram panchayats would be advised to use solar energy for street lighting. Speaking earlier, Energy Minister Shobha Karandlaje said the government has been able to produce 2,200 MW of solar power out of the targeted 12,000 MW. Soon, 8,000 MW more would be added to the grid. The days of solar energy costs coming down are not far as it is now available at Rs. 8.5 a unit from the earlier Rs. 14.5 a unit, with improved technology, she said. Housing Minister V. Somanna made a hurried exit at the beginning of the programme. Kottigepalya councillor S. Venkatesh Babu was present. Source  

Solar parks to come up in Gulbarga, Dharwad

 

‘Land has been identified in Chincholi taluk for the park’ The State government has approved setting up solar parks in Gulbarga and Dharwad districts on a private-public participation model. Sunil Valyapure, Minister for Infrastructure Development, told The Hindu here on Friday that while the solar park in Gulbarga district would be established in Chincholi taluk, the location for the one in Dharwad district was yet to be identified. Mr. Valyapure said the cost of the projects would be known after the detailed project report (DPR) was prepared. He added that the government was appointing consultants to prepare DPRs. He said it had been originally proposed to establish 100 MW solar parks in both the districts; however, this had been scaled down to 50 MW each in the first phase. The Minister also stated that there was a possibility of increasing the production capacity of the parks. The exact production capacity would be known after the DPRs were prepared and expressions of interest submitted by entrepreneurs and industries. The final approval would be announced after the preparation of DPRs. Mr. Valyapure said the construction of a world convention centre near the Bengaluru International Airport was also being considered. Consultants had been appointed to prepare DPRs for final approval, he said. Mr. Valyapure said a meeting between the Principal Secretary, Infrastructure Development, and the Principal Secretary, Ports, Union government, would be held to finalise the proposal for development of the Tadadi port on 500 acres of land on PPP basis.. source  10/11/12

 

 

 

 

 KARNATAKA SOLAR POLICY


1. Karnataka has abundant potential for development of solar energy. Under the Karnataka Renewable Energy Policy, it is envisaged that the State will have a target for achieving 126 MW of solar power up lo 2013-2014. This includes the power that the State is likely to get under the JNSSM. ln the meantime the KERC has issued regulations for procurement of 0.25o/o of total power consumed, from solar resources. Government of lndia has also recently taken a decision lhal O.25Yo of the total consumption should be from solar resources, which should go up to 3% by 2022. lt is therefore considered necessary to have a separate solar policy, which will extend from 2011-12 to 2015-16.The..objective is to promote solar power as part of the renewable energy generation policy of the Government.

2. Operative Period:The policy wiil come into effect rrom 1.07.2011and sharr remain in force up to 3.1'3.^2016 or untir any changes are made by the State oorernruntoiuvin" KERC whichever is earlier.
3. Definitions :i) KERC: Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission ii) JNNSM: Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission liil I_SCOM: Electriciry Suppty Company iv) MW: Mega Watts v) KREDL: Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited vi) GOK: Government of Karnataka vii) KPTCL: Karnataka power Transmission Corporation Limited viii) REC: Renewable Energy Certificate ix) CERC: Central Electricity Regulatory Commission x) NLDC: National Load Dispatch Cenier xi) PPA: Power purchase Agreement xii) KPCL: Karnatakapowerborporation Limited xiii) CDM: Clean Development Mechanism xiv) CEA: Central Electricity Authority xv) MNRE: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
It is proposed to ins.tall Zg_ltW up. to 2015_16, for the purpose of procurement by the ESCoMS. -This wiil be in addition to the alrotment ieceiveJ under JNSSM. The annual capacity approved will be as follows:-
201.t-12 2012_13 2013_14 2014_15 2015_16 4OMW 4OMW 4OMW 4OMW 4OMW
The minimum capacity shalr be 3 MW and maximum capacity sha, be 10 MW per project for Solar photo Vottaic and Minimum Capacity dnafi-ilS MW p;; project for Solar Thermal.
Power evacuation arrangement shail be through 11kV and above vortage.5. Capacitv Allotment under Glause 4:Projects for capacity allotment / installation for piocurement by ESCOMS
will be through a competitive bidding process with the maximum tariff being in accordance with that fixed by KERC in their order dated 13-07-2010.
6. Monitorinq Committee:
There will be a monitoring Committee to monitor the implementation of the policy. lt will consist of the Additional Chief Secretary/ Principal Secretary to Government, Energy Department who will be the Chairperson, principal
Secretary/Secretary to Government, Revenue Department; Principal Secretary/Secretary to Government, Water Resources Department; principal Secretary/Secretary to Government, Forest; Ecology and Environment Department; Managing Director, KREDL Chief Conservator of Forests (Forest Conservation), GOK; Managing Director, KPCI Managing Director, KPTCL as  Members and Deputy Secretary to Government, Energy Department as Member
Convener.
7. Captive solar power plants and sale to third partv: Captive power plants and those put up for sale of power to third party (not to ESCOMS) do not form part of the target of 200 MW envisqged in the policy. ln such cases the wheeling charges have to be paid at the rates determined by the KERC/CERC as the case may be. Where open access is granted to any developer, applicable open access charges as approved by KERC/CERC have to be paid.
8. Proiects under Renewable Enerqv Certificate mechanism {REC Mechanism): Under this mechanism the solar energy generators can sell the electricity to the ESCOMS at the pooled cost of power purchase, as determined by the KERC/CERC/ under the Renewable Energy Certificate mechanism and sell the Renewable Energy Certificate to other obligated entities. The Solar power developers have to apply for accreditation for REC with the State Agency (SLDC) as designated by KERC and thereafter register with the Central Agency (NLDC) as designated by the CERC for the purpose of REC Regulations and issuance of Renewable Energy Certificate and sale will be in accordance with the regulations issued by the Appropriate Commission in this regard. A capacity of 1C0 MW can be installed in the State under lhis scheme.
9. Reqardinq Bundted Power:The State reseryes a capacity of 50 MW to the Central or Karnataka State owned undertaking for setting up solar projects in the State for providing solar  power bundled with thermal power from outside the State at the rates to bedetermined by the Government subject to the approval of KERC. A maximum of 50 MW solar power will be approved under this clause, This will be in addition to the total proposed installed capacity of 200 MW undericlause 4.
10. Purchaseobligation: The quantum of power that is to be procured by ESCOMs from solar resources will be 0.25% of the total consumption. ln case of shortfall in the procurement of soffian be made good by purchase
of solar specific Renewable Energy Certificates.
11, Sharinq of GDM: Sharing of CDM benefits for those projects under clause 4 will be prescribed in the bidding document.
12. Nodal Aqencv: KREDL will be the nodal agency for facilitating and implementing this policy. KREDL shall prepare the bidding documents, such as Expression of interest (EOl), Short listing criteria for Agencies, Request For proposal (RFp), Details of technical and financial aspects in the proposals, General conditions of Contract (GOC) and special conditions of contract.
13. Meterinq and Evacuations: Metering and Evacuations shall be in compliance with the cEA (lnstallations and operation of meters) Regulations 2006 as applicable from time to time and
in compliance with the norms fixed by KERC/CERC from time to time.
14. Eliqibilitv conditions for applicants: The bidding documents will specify the eligibility condition.
15. lmplementation of MNRE Schemes: The state will continue to implement JNNSM and ail other schemes of the MNRE.

 

KARNATAKA SOLAR POLICY 2011-16
Under the Karnataka Renewable Energy Policy, it is envisaged that the State will have a target for
achieving 126 MW of solar power up to 2013-14. The Govt. of Karnataka had released the Solar Policy
for FY11-FY16 on 1st July 2011 envisaging to set up a capacity of 200 MW of solar power in the state for
the RPO fulfillment of the ESCOMs. The policy came into force from 1st July 2011 and shall remain in
force up to 31st March 2016.
Salient Features:
 Proposed Capacity:
It is proposed to install 200 MW up to 2015-16, for the purpose of procurement by the ESCOMS. This
will be in addition to the allotment received under JNNSM. The annual capacity approved will be as
follows:
- This does not include CPP and those put up for sale of power to third party.
- The minimum capacity shall be 3 MW and max. capacity will be 10 MW for Solar PV
projects and min. capacity shall be 5 MW for Solar Thermal projects
- Power evacuation shall be through 11 KV and above voltage will only be permissible.
- Project allocation will be done through competitive bidding process with a maximum tariff
being in accordance with the KERC order.
 Additional Capacity:
The state reserves a capacity of 50 MW from the central or state owned undertaking for setting up
solar projects in the state for providing solar power bundled with thermal power from outside the state
at the rates to be determined by the govt. subject to the approval of KERC. This is in addition to the
200 MW of capacity planned as mentioned above.
 Wheeling & OA charges:
In addition to envisaged 200MW capacity, captive power plants and plants for sale to third party will
also be set up. In case of captive power plants and projects for sale of power to third party other than
ESCOMs, wheeling and open access charges have to be paid as determined by KERC/CERC.
Years Capacity (MW)
2011-12 40
2012-13 40
2013-14 40
2014-15 40
2015-16 40 REC Scheme:
Under the REC mechanism the project developers can sell their power at the pooled cost of power
purchase only to the ESCOMS. A capacity of 100 MW can be installed under this scheme.
 CDM Proceeds:
Sharing of CDM proceeds will be as per bidding documents.
 Metering:
Metering arrangement shall be made as per Central Electricity Authority (Installation & Operation of
Meters) Regulations, 2006, the grid code, the metering code and other relevant regulations issued by
KERC/CERC in this regard
 The state will continue to implement JNNSM and all other schemes of the MNRE.
 KREDL will be the nodal agency for facilitating and implementing this policy

 

*The new Renewable Energy Policy attempts to stimulate addition to capacity generation by a minimum of 1000 MW each year. It has the following substantial objectives:

a.      Additional capacity of 4200 MW by 2014. b.      Emphasis on Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency by a saving of   1500 MU per year (900 MW by 2014).        The policy proposed contains some key measures to address the constraints and ensure substantial capacity additions in the next 5 years: §  Renewable Energy development is to be classified as an “Industry”. Land is, therefore, to be made available to the developers by the Government through allotment by the Commerce and Industries Department Single Window System. This will obviate the extensive time delays currently taking place with the developers having to obtain permission for purchasing land from the Deputy Commissioner of the districts or other modes of purchase. §  A Green Energy cess at Rs. 0.05 per unit on commercial and industrial consumers to generate Rs. 55 crores annually. Out of Rs. 55 crores to be collected as cess, a part will be set aside for Energy Conservation Fund, part for Renewable Energy Project Financing and strengthening the evacuation system and the remainder for an integrated information and communication programme in the State. (Provision for the same has been made in the tariff proposals filed by the Distribution Companies). §  Constitution of a State Level Empowered Committee headed by the Chief Secretary to co-ordinate departmental issues and clearances in Renewable Energy Projects. §  Enforcement of time frame for completion of projects i.e. 3 years from the date of clearances.  In keeping with contemporary requirements and to utilize various environmental credits available, it is proposed that the KREDL be transformed into a dynamic result oriented entity. With substantial skill and capacity addition KREDL will actively take up implementation of the RE Policy including Energy Efficiency, Conservation, Demand Side Management and CDM activities. Scope of the Policy:- “The provisions contained in this Renewable Energy Policy will be applicable to all the Renewable Energy Projects. This policy will be applicable to all the Renewable Energy Projects sanctioned prior to the commencement of the policy and those Renewable Energy Projects in the process of development including already commissioned Renewable Energy Projects. Shall be read as  “The provisions contained in this Renewable Energy Policy will be applicable to all the Renewable Energy Projects sanctioned after the date of notification in the Official Gazette.” 6. Year wise Renewable Energy Target and Capital Investment 2009 to 2014 “The year wise target for different Renewable Energy Sources and the investment necessary during the policy period is given below.”
RE Source Target MW Year wise proposed capacity addition Likely total investment (Rs crores – at current prices)
09-10 10-11 11-12 12-13 13-14
Wind Power 2969 630 680 530 530 599 15680
Mini and Small Hydro 600 100 100 150 150 100 2700
Cogeneration in Sugar Industry 281 56 56 56 56 57 1120
Biomass/Bio-gas 300 60 60 60 60 60 2100
Waste to Energy 50 10 10 10 10 10 400
Total 4200 856 906 806 806 826 22000
 The following shall be substituted to the table 
RE Source Target MW Year wise proposed capacity addition Likely total investment (Rs crores – at current prices)
09-10 10-11 11-12 12-13 13-14
Wind Power 2969 630 680 530 530 599 15680
Mini and Small Hydro 600 100 100 150 150 100 2700
Cogeneration in Sugar Industry 281 56 56 56 56 57 1120
Biomass/Bio-gas 300 60 60 60 60 60 2100
Waste to Energy 50 10 10 10 10 10 400
Solar PV/GSP/Thermal Sector 126 6 30 30 30 30 1890
Total 4326 862 936 836 836 856 23890
7 (j) Land Identification for Renewable Energy Projects:-  "Further, keeping in view the welfare interest of the farmers, certain equity of not less than 5% of gross energy generated will be provided to take the landowner farmers as equity partners in the Renewable Energy Projects." Shall be omitted.(iv) Land Development for Renewable Energy Projects  "Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will sublease the developed lands to the Renewable Energy Developers for a period of 30 years. After 30 years the project stands transferred to the Government" Shall be read as "Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will sublease the developed lands to the Renewable Energy developers for a period of 30 years.  Thereafter, the project will be renewed for a period of 5 years at a time after the lease period subject to fulfillment of conditions stipulated by the Government."  10(viii) Power Purchase Agreement (PPA): -  "The sale of electricity by power producers of energy supply company will be governed by the power purchase agreements executed between the power producers and witnessed by Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission. Power Company of Karnataka Limited will assign power purchase agreements to the ESCOMs with back-to-back arrangement." Shall be read as "The sale of electricity by power producers of Energy Supply Company will be governed by the Power Purchase Agreement executed between the power producers and witnessed by Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission. The Government will assign the Power Purchase Agreements to the ESCOMs at the time of allotment." To enhance the contribution of Renewable Energy in the total installed capacity of the state from 2400 MW to about 6600 MW by 2014. 5.    To conserve 7901 MU (900 MW) by 2014 through the Energy Efficiency & Energy Conservation measures in all sectors.  Objectives: 1.    Development, propagation and promotion of Renewable Energy sources and Technologies. 2.    Development of Eco-friendly Projects and Harnessing of Natural Resources to avail Green Power. 3.    Acceleration of identification, development and implementation of new Renewable Energy projects. 4.    Encourage the industries, in addition to sugar industry, with cogeneration potential to set up co-gen plants expeditiously. 5.    Provision of "single window" service for technical consultation, sources of finance and project clearance. 6.    Decentralized and micro level power generation through renewable energy sources to provide energy supply to agriculture, industry, commercial and household sector. 7.    Creation of suitable environment for private sector participation in Renewable Energy Power Generation. 8.    R&D, Publicity and Popularization of Renewable Energy. 9.    To establish linkages with national and international institutions for active collaboration in development, demonstration and commercialization of new and emerging Renewable Energy technologies. 10. To Take Concrete steps for Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Under this policy, it is obligatory to sell the electricity generated from the Renewable Energy Projects commissioned to the respective geographical ESCOMs in which the projects located, at the Tariff determined by KERC, under a long term Power purchase agreement.  Installed Capacity & Proposed Targets for RE Generation, 2009 -14   
RE Source Potential MW Installed capacity MW Capacity addition by 2014 MW
Target Cumulative  
Wind Power 12950 1368   2969     4337
Mini and Small Hydro 3000 416 600 1016
Cogeneration in Sugar Industry 1500 535 281 816
Biomass/Bio-gas 1000 81 300 381
Waste to Energy 135 -- 50 50
Total 18500 2400 4200 6600
 Sector Wise Target for energy conservation during the policy period, 2009-2014:   (Energy Consumption data Source: KPTCL Reports) Year wise Renewable Energy Target and Capital investment 2009 to 2014: The year wise target for different Renewable Energy sources and the investment necessary during the policy period is given below:
RE Source Target MW Year wise proposed capacity addition Likely total investment (Rs crores - at current prices)
09-10 10-11 11-12 12-13 13-14
Wind Power   2969   630 680 530 530 599 15680
Mini and Small Hydro 600 100 100 150 150 100 2700
Cogeneration in Sugar Industry 281 56 56 56 56 57 1120
Biomass/Bio-gas 300 60 60 60 60 60 2100
Waste to Energy 50 10 10 10 10 10 400
Total 4200 856 906 806 806 826 22000
6. (i) Renewable Energy Project Financing: It is estimated that from the targets of additional capacity of 4200 MW Renewable Energy power in the next 5 years by 2014 entails an investment of about Rs 22,000/- crores at current prices.  During the previous years, the investment in the various Renewable Energy developments has come from the private entrepreneurs. However during the previous three years of Renewable Energy development, in the state, on an average annually about 300 MW Renewable Energy capacity additions brought in about Rs 1,800 crores investment by the private sector.  It is expected that the present policy initiative may bring in an additional investment of Rs 1,600 crores annually by the private sector. With this the private sector investment would amount to Rs 17,000 crores during the policy period. The profit making Central and State Public Sector Undertakings may also invest in the Renewable Energyprojects and may bring in Rs 5,000 crores.  6. (ii) Akshaya Shakthi Nidhi (Green Energy Fund): In order to facilitateRenewable Energy project financing and Energy Conservation and Efficiency measures Green Energy Fund ‘’Akshaya Shakthi Nidhi’’ will be established. “Green Energy Cess” of Rs 0.05 (five paise) per unit would be levied on the electricity supplied to commercial and industrial consumers. It is estimated to generate about Rs 55 crores annually. Out of the Rs 55 crores, 10 % of this fund to the tune of Rs 5 crores will be set apart as contribution to Energy Conservation Fund for Energy Conservation activities. The balance Rs 50 crores will be set apart for Renewable Energy project financing. TheAkshaya Shakthi Nidhi will be administered by KREDL for promotion of Renewable Energy particularly in Public Private Participation (PPP) mode, decentralized generation and distribution Renewable Energy projects for the benefit of rural sector. The funds may also be utilized for land acquisition and land development activity for Renewable Energy projects including Net Present Value and compensatory afforestation, soil moisture conservation etc for forest land clearance.  7. Land Policy for Renewable Energy Projects: The availability of suitable land and making the land available expeditiously is a major issue for RE development.  To realise the targeted potential of 4200 MW during the policy period about 12000 Ha of various categories of lands like Government Barren lands, Revenue lands, Private lands, Panchayat lands and Forest lands etc are estimated to be necessary in different districts of the state. To address the land issue following is proposed. 7.(i) Land Identification for Renewable Energy Projects:  Inventory of surplus and unused land available with Public Sector Undertakings, State Govt., Urban Local Bodies/ Gram Panchayath lands and suitable private waste lands, unproductive single crop agricultural lands will be undertaken District wise, by the Deputy Commissioners to identify lands for theRenewable Energy projects. Care will be taken to exclude archaeological heritage lands, prayer and temple lands, burial grounds and monuments etc. The Government will provide such available lands, waste lands for developing the Renewable Energy projects under the provisions of Section 71 of Land Revenue Act to Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited. Further necessary amendments to section 79(a), 79(b) and 80 of the Karnataka Land Reforms Act are to be made to enable the Renewable Energy project developers to purchase suitable private land directly from the owners of the land.  For waste to energy Renewable Energy projects the Municipal Bodies will identify and keep the lands at the disposal of Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited. The identified lands will be acquired through the Karnataka Industrial Area Development Board (KIADB), under the provisions of The Karnataka Industrial Policy, and made available to the Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited for the Renewable Energy projects. Further, keeping in view the welfare interest of the Farmers, certain equity of not less than 5% of gross energy generated will be provided to take the land owner Farmers as equity partners in the Renewable Energyprojects. Non Agricultural conversion for the express purpose will be accorded within a period of one month from the date of applying for the same. Government will review the applicable stamp duty. 7. (ii) Government. Barren lands meant for Industrial Use: The barren Government lands, reserved, as per the industrial planning for industrial use, at declared Renewable Energy sites, 10% of such lands will be kept at the disposal of Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited for developing the land to set up the Renewable Energy power projects. 7. (iii) Forest Land: Wherever Forest land is identified for the Renewable Energy projects  the same will be processed and considered by the Karnataka Forest Department under the provisions of the Forest Conservation Act (1980) subject to the Ministry of Environment & Forest guidelines within a period of 4 (four) months. 7. (iv) Land Development for Renewable Energy Projects: The identified Revenue, Private and Forest lands will be developed by Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited to facilitate setting up of variousRenewable Energy projects expeditiously. The Akshaya Shakthi Nidhi Funds will be utilised to develop the lands including the payment towards Net Present Value and Compensatory Afforestation in case of Forest Lands. This will enable the State to offer ready to use developed land to set upRenewable Energy projects. Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will sub lease the developed lands to the Renewable Energydeveloper for a period of 30 years. After 30 years the project stands transferred to the Government.  Land-Lease Rent will be as per the prime lending rate over current market price as on the date of handing over of the project, subject to land availability and financial limits on case-to-case basis.However, it is not permissible to mortgage the lands by the Renewable Energy developers to any financial or other agency/institution/body. 7. (v) Consent From Departments: The Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited /Government will obtain consent from the concerned departments like Forest about the location visa-versa the Wild Life Sanctuaries, National Parks, Eco-sensitive Zones etc. From Irrigation Department to the effect that the proposed Projects(s) does not infringe with the drinking and irrigation rights of the local inhabitants, from Revenue department regarding approval under the Karnataka Land Reforms Act. Consent from the Gram Panchayat etc, Departments will offer their opinion within 90 days time. The Administrative Department will monitor the reports in a time bound manner. 7. (vi) statutory clearances: Various statutory clearances that are essential for the development and commissioning of the Renewable Energy projects will be dealt by the Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited with the concerned departments and agencies. The developers will apply in the formats prescribed to the different departments and furnish a copy toKarnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited. The Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will pursue with the departments and co-ordinate for speedy approvals and clearances within 90 days for all departments / agencies and 120 days in case of Forest clearance. The issues pending for longer periods will be placed before the Quarterly Review Meetings held at the level of the Chief Secretary, Government of Karnataka. Regarding the lands developed by Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited. The Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will obtain all statutory clearances from different departments before hand and offer such lands for Renewable Energy Project development. 8. Renewable Energy Special Economic Zone (SEZ): The Renewable Energy and allied sector requires to be supported with Renewable Energyequipment manufacturing industries. Renewable Energy Sources like wind and solar require considerable extent of land for setting up manufacturing units of Solar Photo Voltaic and wind Turbine etc. The Renewable Energymanufacturing industrial activity needs to be supported with land            Under the Industrial Policy 2009 the state has identified areas covering Bidar, Belgaum, Bagalkot, Shimoga and Mandya Districts for Sugar and co-gen, power development. Similarly areas covering Raichur, Bellary, and Bijapur & Chitradurga Districts for Power Generation sector specific industrial zone development. It is proposed under this policy that the Government will keep 10% portion of these lands at the disposal ofKarnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited to develop them for Renewable Energy projects and allied Renewable Energy industries. Further 10% of lands will be set apart for Renewable Energy project in all future SEZs to be identified under Industrial Policy 2009 and also in the already approved SEZs at Shimoga, Hassan, Bangalore, Udupi, Mysore and Bellary. 10% of all SEZ lands will be kept at the disposal of Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited to develop Renewable Energy projects.          Further action will be taken to establish Renewable Energy SEZ under the provisions of the Industrial Policy 2009, particularly in the backward areas of Karnataka to promote setting up of solar manufacturing units and other Renewable Energy allied manufacturing units. Waste lands and surplus unproductive lands of about 2000 hectares will be identified for the purpose. 9. (ii) Clearance of Renewable Energy Projects: Clearance of Renewable Energy projects involves sanctions/clearances from a number of Government Agencies/Departments. The concerned department will give necessary approval and clearance within 90 days of the application submitted. KREDL will monitor with the concerned departments. 9. (iii) Single Window Clearance: A State Level Empowered Committee with the Chief Secretary Government Of Karnataka as Chairman will provide single window clearance for developing the Renewable Energy Source Power Plants. The Single Window will review the issues relating to the statutory clearances of various departments. The clearances / approvals which are not accorded within the specified time period will be dealt by the Single Window empowered committee. Inter departmental co-ordination will be strengthened to achieve better results. Benefits of supportive policies will be taken to the maximum extent. The composition of the Empowered Committee will be separately notified. 9. (iv) Evacuation Arrangement: Often the Renewable Energy projects are located in remote areas wherein the evacuation arrangements/substations are not readily available and the project commissioning depends on grid strengthening. To overcome the situation Karnataka Power Transmission Company Limited and Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will jointly undertake the survey of LV, HV and EHV Substations and required transmission and distribution lines necessary for the Renewable Energy projects. A committee will examine the Grid issues related to the Renewable Energy projects. Karnataka Power Transmission Company Limited will undertake the augmentation of transmission lines and lying of new lines and receiving stations as required. Respective Renewable Energy Project Developers will bear the cost of transmission lines from the project site to the substation as per grid norms. 9. (v) Time Limit for project Completion: It is mandatory for the developer to complete the project in all respect and commission the project with grid synchronization within  a period 3 years from the date of the statutory clearances. Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will endeavour to obtain all required statutory clearances within 6 months period. 10. Regulatory Issues:  Following facilities will be extended to all theRenewable Energy Projects. 10. (i) Grant of Incentives Available to Industries:  Generation of electricity from Renewable  Energy Sources will be treated as Industry under the provisions of the Industrial policy  2009 and entry tax exemptions and all other  incentives available to industrial units under such schemes will also be extended to the Renewable Energy Power Projects irrespective of the Zone. 10. (iv) Solar Tariff: KERC has determined a Tariff of Rs. 3.40 per unit. The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) Government of India supported Solar Grid connected Power projects of 1 MW and above. MNRE has allowed an incentive upto Rs. 12 per KWh for Solar PV and upto Rs. 10 per KWh for Solar Thermal projects in addition to the Tariff allowed by KERC. Under this policy Solar Grid connected Power projects will be encouraged as per the above policy of the Ministry of New And Renewable Energy. 10. (v) Roof Top Solar Tariff: The Roof Top Grid connected solar KWp level projects of 5 KWp to 100 KWp will be allowed connecting at 415 V, 3 phase, 11 KV level of distribution system of the licensee in such a manner that the maximum energy injection will not be more than 70% of the consumption from the distribution licensee‘s source by the Solar Roof Top consumer. Any injection in a billing period exceeding 70% of the consumption will be treated as inadvertent and will not be considered for commercial purpose; neither the deficit is carried forward to next billing period. Such injection will be settled on Net Basis with the consumption of the said consumer from the distribution licensee’s source in each billing period. Roof Top Grid connected solar power quantum fed to the Grid will be eligible for a Tariff of Rs 3.40 per KWh along with Net Metering facility. If any incentives available from Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Government of India, it will be passed on to the Developer. However, Roof Top systems will be additionally eligible for any other subsidies extended to the Roof Top Projects. Solar Photo Voltaic systems below 2 KWp will be battery backed isolated stand alone systems. Isolated Solar Photo Voltaic sources up to 200 KWp will be for Rural Applications.  10. (vi) Wheeling of Electricity: wheeling charges @ 5 %will be applicable subject to the KERC norms. 10. (vii) Banking of Electricity: The banking facility for the power generated shall be allowed as determined by KERC from time to time for the energy banked with the Karnataka Power Transmission Company Limited / distribution licensee. Energy banked beyond the time prescribed will be utilized and paid for by the Karnataka Power Transmission Company Limited / distribution licensee at tariff applicable as per KERC norms. 10. (viii) Power Purchase Agreement (PPA): The sale of electricity by Power Producer of Energy Supply Company will be governed by the Power Purchase Agreement executed between the Power Producer and witnessed by Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission. The Power Purchase Agreement will be executed in a time bound manner. Power Company of Karnataka Limited will assign Power Purchase Agreements to the ESCOMs with back to back arrangement.  Policy on Financial Incentives: Following incentives will be extended to all the Renewable Energy Projects. 11. (i) Government Of India Incentives: The various concession and incentives allowed by Ministry of New And Renewable Energy /Government Of India regarding Detailed Survey & Investigation/Detailed Project Report, Generation Based Incentive etc will ipso-facto continue to be passed on by the State Government to the project developer through Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited. 11. (ii) Entry Tax: Entry tax and other fiscal incentives to Renewable Energy generation units are in accordance with the Industrial Policy 2009-10.  11. (iii) Value Added Tax (VAT): The Value Added Tax applicable on various Renewable Energy equipments and instruments as well as the Energy Efficient and Power saving appliances etc, like the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficient  consumer durables directly purchased by the consumers will be considered for suitable revision under the provisions of Karnataka State Sales Act. 13. (vi) Solar Thermal / CSP and Solar PV: Grid connected solar projects of 1 MW and above are considered priority projects. Roof Top small scale Solar PV Installations will be encouraged with Net Metering facility to feed surplus power generated to the Grid. Under Solar Karnataka Programme it is targeted for 25000 Solar Roof Tops of 5 to 10 kwp with Net Metering will be taken up with a 250 MW potential during next 5 years with a generation potential of 350 MU.   For villages/habitations where grid connectivity not feasible or not cost effective, off-grid solutions based on stand-alone lighting systems, technologies like solar photovoltaic/solar wind hybrid systems, Solar lights and lanterns will be taken up for community lighting purpose. Solar   School and Institution programs will be implemented. Gram Panchayat and Local bodies will be involved in decentralized solar implementation. Solar steam generating systems at institutions and industries will be encouraged. Solar water pumps, water purification systems, Milk Pasteurization plants, solar application to cottage industries will be priority areas.  Solar passive building technology will be encouraged through legislative measures. To conserve electricity in peak hours solar water heaters, solar lighting systems, solar hoardings etc will be encouraged in domestic, commercial and industrial applications. Solar cities will be developed in the state. All City Corporations, Municipalities will amend their bye – laws with due mandatory provisions for providing solar water heating facilities, right at planning/building stage, both for residential & commercial categories. It will be mandatory for all the public buildings to have solar devises to meet energy requirements and other applications.  Amendments/Relaxation/Interpretation of the Policy: Government of Karnataka will have powers to amend/relax/interpret any of the provisions under this policy. Policy Implications on Departments
1 Karnataka Electricity Regulation Commission Concurrence to levy 5 Paise Green Cess on Industrial and Commercial power Consumers. About 11200 MU consumed by two sectors. Concurrence for Solar Tariff and Roof Top Net Metering.
2 Finance Department Government of Karnataka Concurrence for levy of green Cess on Industrial and Commercial Consumers
    Approval for creation of Akshaya Shakthi Nidhi.
    Akshaya Shakthi Nidhi operation modalities Transfer of proceeds at Rs 50 Crores annually.
    Energy Conservation Fund creation approval for Rs 5 Crores annually from Akshaya Shakthi Nidhi to Energy Conservation Fund.
    Budget to Energy Department for timely Renewable Energy Settlement and provision for Letter of Credit for the same.
    Approval for award scheme involving cash incentive from Akshaya Shakthi Nidhi for timely Renewable Energy project commissioning.
    Review of Value Added Tax (VAT) on Renewable Energy and Energy efficiency equipments and consumer goods sold in retail.
    Financial approval for Strengthening of Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited
3 Revenue Department, Government of Karnataka Expeditious Land Identification - Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited to co-ordinate. About 4500 Ha Revenue and government lands to be identified and reserved for Renewable Energy Projects under the Provisions of Section 71 of Land Revenue Act.  (Renewable Energy project occupy 3 Ha per MW average. Total area required 12000 Ha, 30 % forest, 40 % Revenue and 30 % private lands).
   
    Expeditious NA approval
    Necessary amendment to the Karnataka Stamp & Registration Act to revise Agreement registration fee.
    CSR co-ordination with Renewable Energy Projects and local administration.
4 Industries Department (SEZ) Government of Karnataka Government of Karnataka approved the SEZ in Shimoga, Hassan, Bangalore, Udupi, and Mysore of 7440 Ha. 10 % of this is to be identified in the hills and barren lands, about 744 Ha. For Renewable Energy projects. Exclusive 2000 Ha SEZ to be set up for Renewable Energy and allied industry. All future proposed SEZs to provide 10 % land for RE Projects.
    Processing benefits to be extended under Industrial policy to the Renewable Energy Projects.
5 Forest Department, Government of Karnataka To facilitate identification of 3600 Ha Forest lands free of National Parks and Sanctuary and process FC clearance and Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited will co-ordinate. NPV and CA implication Rs 400 crores.
6 Irrigation Department, Government of Karnataka Necessary Approvals within time frame and land clearances, about 200 to 300 Has of irrigation lands.
7 Energy Department, Government of Karnataka Connected Government orders, State Level Empowered Committee- Single Window agency, Inter Departmental Review Committee, Renewable Energy Vision Group
    PCKL nodal agency for Power Purchase Agreement.
    Letter of Credit to the Developer for realizing payment in scheduled period for the Renewable Energy power sold.
    All transactions between the Karnataka Power Transmission Company Limited./ distribution licensee and the producer involving wheeling or sale of power will be settled on monthly basis.
    Delay beyond a month @ State Bank of India short term Prime Lending Rate for delayed amount for actual period of delay.
    The Renewable Energy project successfully commissioned during the original agreement period will be awarded with a certificate of appreciation by the government and a cash incentive from Akshaya Shakthi Nidhi
    Administrative approval for strengthening Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited.
Grid Strengthening by Karnataka Power Transmission Company Limited.
Approval to take up MW scale and Roof Top Solar projects.
8 Labour Department, Government of Karnataka To monitor employment provided. Renewable Energy projects to provide employment to the local people, in respect of all the unskilled/skilled staff and other non–executives required for execution, operation and maintenance of the Project. In regard to technical manpower like engineers and other executives, the Renewable Energy developer Company will give preference to the candidates conversant with customs, culture, language and dialect of Karnataka.
 * KREDL should have followed e-tendering procedure in accordance with the Karnataka Transparency in Public Procurement Act,.... An appeal by HBM Solar Power to the Appellate Authority in the Energy Department stated that “They have followed manual tender procedure to favour big business houses and the process is in violation of rules and is arbitrary in nature,” they submitted.  KREDL was also offering a tariff for solar power plants for 25 years as opposed to most power purchase agreements (PPA) for wind, hydro and biomass units, which were usually for a period of 10 years. HBM had also complained that the bidder had to submit Rs 20 lakh as security bid per MW, which was beyond the capacity of small units and favoured selected big business houses, which could be picked on a selective basis by KREDL.  source They also contested the Rs 30 lakh/MW performance guarantee to Escoms, which was irrational and once again beyond the capacity of small and medium industries. “Though KERC had fixed a rate of Rs 14.50 a unit for solar photovoltaic projects, the reality is that the cost per MW of solar photovoltaic projects has come down to less than Rs nine crore and the PPA tariff can be fixed around Rs seven to eight per unit,” the complaint stated. KREDL Managing Director Prasanna Kumar, however, denied any wrongdoing on their part. ‘No violation’ “KREDL is not in the list of companies which are following the e-tendering process. So there is no violation,” he maintained. Kumar insisted that several developers had complained about the problems in uploading the bulky documents, if the entire process was online.  He said they (KREDL) would respond to the notice received from the Appellate Authority and were listing out the reasons. source A total of 10 companies plan to set up solar projects in the State under the Karnataka Solar Mission over the next six months. Of these, eight companies plan to set up solar photovoltaic projects for 60 MW, while two will set up solar thermal projects of 10 MW each. “Most projects will come up in North Karnataka,” Mr N.S. Prasanna Kumar, Managing Director of Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd (KREDL), told Business Line. “KREDL will help in giving out government land on lease to companies that don't have their own land,” he added.  http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-and-economy/economy/article3336524.ece?homepage=true&ref=wl_home * CAG report nails govt agency for solar project flaws The failure of the Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited (KREDL) to properly implement the Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) Programme of the Union Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources (MNES) for the years 2005 to 2007 has resulted in losses to the tune of crores of rupees.  Also, a probe into the implementation of the programme has revealed several irregularities in releasing money to suppliers, who had not participated in the tender process, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) report has said. An external agency, appointed by the Board of Directors of KREDL to investigate lapses in the implementation of the programme, too revealed financial irregularities. The SPV programme aims at providing an alternative source of energy for rural lighting, water lifting and other small requirements through the photovoltaic method, wherein electricity is generated by converting solar radiation into direct current using semiconductors.  http://www.deccanherald.com/content/242590/cag-report-nails-govt-agency.html Power Pvt Ltd (1MW), Bheemeshwara Renewable Energy Solutions (2MW), Vishrutha Power Pvt Ltd (5MW), Appollo Renewable Energy (5MW), Atira Power Corporation (1MW), Azure Power India Pvt Ltd (2MW). Incentives for RE projects in Karnataka 
1.The various concession and incentives allowed by MNRE/GOI regarding DSI/DPR, GBI etc will ipso-facto continue to be passed on by the State Government to the project developer through KREDL.
 2. RE power procurement by distribution companies will be at tariffs as determined by the KERC. 
3. Government of Karnataka vide GO No EN 216 NCE 2006 dated 2.3.2007 accorded approval for the upper limit of the share of renewable energy in the total quantum of energy purchased by each ESCOMs enhanced to 20 %. 
4. KERC in its notification No S/03/1 dated 23rd January 2008 issued amendment to KERC (power procurement from renewable energy sources by distribution licensee) Regulations 2004 fixing the minimum renewable energy to be procured by each distribution licensee between 7 to 10%.
 5. Sale of electricity: On the electricity generated by the RE projects, the developers will be encouraged to sell power to the state grid on priority. Such purchases may be in whole or part as per the rules and regulations of KERC subject to the provisions of the Electricity Act 2003. 
6. Wheeling and Banking of electricity: With Wheeling and Banking arrangements for RE projects, necessary co-operation and facilitation will be provided for executing Power purchase agreement (PPA) and evacuation clearance as per the Govt/KERC norms. 
7. In case of Renewable Energy projects, if Government land (belonging to urban local bodies/panchayat) is available, the required land for setting up RE projects will be provided on lease basis as per rules and regulations of the Government, for a period of 30 years, subject to further renewal as determined by the Government. 
8. The state Government will exempt octrio and entry tax on the RE equipments for erecting capacity sanctioned as per rules. Single window project clearance mechanism in Karnataka Setting up of RE projects involves sanctions/ clearances from number of Government agencies/departments. The state Government will facilitate and provide requisite clearances through a ‘Single Window Clearance Mechanism’. For this purpose a high level empowered committee at Government level will be constituted to accord necessary approvals/clearances.
 Similarly ‘Single Window Clearance Mechanism’ for execution of Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) and for payment to the private entrepreneurs for the electricity sold to the Distribution companies will be considered. Capacity Allotment of RE Projects Developers have to submit the details of RE project for capacity allotment in the prescribed application, after remitting application fees and processing fees to KREDL as fixed by the Government. Allotment committee constituted by the state government shall decide on the application of capacity allotment by considering various aspects of the policy, as well as the various government orders issued from time to time, and cause to issue necessary Government Order. The Allotment committee will be headed by the Principal Secretary, Energy Department, Government of Karnataka. The Government of Karnataka reserves right to allot a RE project to a state enterprise. Industrial units located in Karnataka and willing to establish RE projects for their captive use will have priority. The prospecting IPP (Independent Power Producer) shall not claim any right on allotment for self identified RE projects. Wherever more than one prospecting IPP is involved, if necessary, the self identified RE projects shall be considered for allotment on the basis of open competitive bidding  The allotment committee and Government will have the right to decide on the number of RE projects that may be allotted to any given single IPP/developer. Enhancement of allotted capacity of the RE projects will be considered on merit, only after submission of detailed project report (DPR), justifying the enhancement. Transfer/Sale of allotted RE capacity will be considered as per rules and regulations of the Government, only after submitting necessary justification. Any sanctioned RE project that remains un-developed within the time limit as per the agreement, the state Government has a right to cancel and terminate the project and the same may be allotted through open competitive bidding. However the Government may consider giving necessary time extension on merit and justification after remitting extension fee to KREDL as fixed by Government. From the date of agreement for the RE projects sanctioned, Royalty will be exempted up to 18 years, and from 19th year, Royalty to the Government on Renewable Energy, shall be collected @ 15 % of the energy generated. The RE Projects, will be sanctioned for a total period of 30 years from the date of execution of the agreement.  However, the Government may consider extending the project period after the expiry of the agreement based on merit and justification. Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency (EC&EE) One unit of energy saved is equivalent to two units of energy generated. Cost of producing an additional unit of power is much higher than conserving the same quantity of power. Energy conservation covers lighting, heating, cooling equipment etc. The state government is committed to introduce effective energy conservation measures in all sectors of economy. 

Conservation of energy in domestic, commercial, agricultural & industrial sector by the use of energy efficient devices, need based consumption of electricity, avoiding wasteful use etc., may lead to saving of about 10% in the first 5 years and up to 20% in the next 5 years of the total generation capacity. One of the cheapest ways to reduce carbon comes from conservation. Energy efficiency and conservation measures will result in opportunities to avail CDM benefits. Energy Auditing will be mandatory in the state for industrial units where load is exceeding 600 KVA.  It is mandated to bring in Energy Conservation Building Code and Standards & Labeling along with measures to encourage use of energy efficient technologies, equipment, processes, and devices. The Government of Karnataka vide no. EN 396 NCE 2006 dtd. 13/11/2007 and corrigendum, No. EN 87 NCE2008 dtd. 8/4/2008 notified the following, under section 18, Energy conservation act 2001: 

1. Mandatory use of solar water heating systems.
2. Mandatory use of Compact Florescent Lamp (CFL) in Government Buildings / aided institutions / Boards/ Corporations.
3. Mandatory use of ISI mark Motor pump sets, Power capacitor, Foot valves in Agriculture sector.
4. Promotion of Energy Efficient Building design. Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation measures have to be implemented through public participation and involvement creating necessary awareness.  Therefore the following are proposed. 
1. District Advisory Committee (DAC), headed by DC of the concerned district will be the authority to implement the Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency measures (EE) in the district. 
2. All ESCOMs will create special cell under DSM for Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency (EE) and establish exhibition centers like in BESCOM. 
3. Akshaya Urja Clubs in engineering colleges will be involved in Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency (EE) activities. 
4. Akshaya Urja shops and District Energy Parks will also be involved in Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency (EE), education and awareness programme by displaying equipments and publicity material etc. 
5. At district level a special squad will be formed under DAC involving the Govt. departments like; Revenue, Zilla Panchayat, ESCOM, Industry, Agriculture, Education, PWD, Municipality, Police, Forest etc to implement and monitor for the Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency (EE) measures. 
6. Government is committed to introduction of energy saving bulbs like CFL, LED, Electronic chokes etc in Government buildings, Energy Management systems to street lights. Also promote the same in rural and urban areas. 
7. Energy Audit and Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency is mandatory in Government buildings. 
8. Energy Audit of designated consumers is mandatory and it will be mandatory for designated consumers to appointment accredited energy auditors/energy managers. Benefits under Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Global warming resulting in climate change is a matter of concern to all nations in the world.  The Kyoto Protocol has created a favorable climate for International support mobilization for renewable energy development. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) provides avenues for earning carbon credit and mitigation of green house gases (GHG) under UNFCCC protocol. The Government of Karnataka designated KREDL as the NODAL AGENCY vide no. EN 94 NCE 2005 dated 17/06/05 for considering CDM proposals. In this regard, KREDL will extend necessary cooperation and guidance. In Karnataka, the RE developers have availed 80, 62,9540 of CERs as on July 2008 in about 31 RE projects, and there is further scope to avail CDM benefits. Remote Village Electrification (RVE) 
1. Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) has initiated Remote village electrification program with an objective to electrify remote villages/hamlets through RE sources especially through solar energy like home lighting and street lighting etc. Implementation of the program will help to achieve the goal of 100% village electrification in the country by 2012. 
2. KREDL has electrified 16 remote villages in Karwar, Belgaum and Chikkamagalur Districts through solar lights under the remote electrification program of MNRE. 
3. Fourteen remote hamlets are being electrified in Mysore and Chamrajnagar Districts through solar. Karnataka Solar Power Projects Solar grid projects: Company District Capacity_all Capacity_com Status KPCL Kolar 4.Commissioned KPCL Belgaum 3 3 Commissioned KPCL Raichur 3 3 Commissioned KPCL Mandya 
5. Allotted Atria Power Corporation Ltd. Haveri 
6. New Kimya Power Systems Bagalkot 50 0 New Solar Projects: Proj_type kWp AFST 1.2 Hybrid 95 Laundry 0 Solar 102 SPV 952.54 Steam-cook 0 Thermal 0 tt3 0 Water-pump 0  Floating solar PV power plants: Bangalore based Enzen Global Solutions Pvt Ltd has entered into an agreement with France based Ciel et Terre to jointly develop projects utilizing water surfece areas available in India for utility scale floating PV power generation from 1 to 50 MWp.The companies are looking at Karnataka to begin with, including Bangalore. Development of solar power project in Karnataka (Aug 2011): Karnataka is inviting solar projects worth 80MW.  Under the new solar policy, 30MW of solar thermal and 50MW of photovoltaic projects will be selected on the basis of discounts offered by developers on the benchmark tariffs of INR 14.50 per kilowatt hour, as defined by the KERC. Furthermore, developers will sell their power to state distribution companies (DISCOMS). In case of solar thermal projects, a bidder could propose projects having minimum capacity of 5MW and the maximum capacity of 10MW.  In case of solar PV projects, a bidder could propose projects having minimum capacity of 3MW and the maximum capacity of 10MW. The maximum capacity allotted to any bidder including group business entity shall be 10MW. Connectivity with the grid: The developer shall be responsible for power evacuation from the power plant to the nearest delivery station/delivery point. The interconnection to the nearest substation/ delivery point shall be at the voltage level of 11KV for electricity generation capacity of less than 5MW. The interconnection to the nearest substation shall be at the voltage level of 33/66/110KV for electricity generation capacity of greater than 5MW. The selected bidder shall obtain power evacuation approval within 180 days of signing of the Power purchase agreement from the Karnataka Power Transmission Company Limited (KPTCL)/ ESCOM as the caseay be. Water availability: In the case of bidding of solar thermal projects, it would be the responsibility of the developer to make arrangements for the water required for the projects. The bidder shall submit calculation and documentary service in the form of approval from the local authority for the quantity of water required for the projects along with the bid. Bidding process: KREDL will receive bids in accordance with the terms set forth in the RFP.  A single bidder is allowed to submit bids for one or more projects. However each bid will be treated as a new bid. The evaluation of the bid submission will be carried out in three stages: The first stage involves opening and evaluation of the key submissions and a test of responsiveness based on the provisions of the RFP. In the second stage, the information of the bidders relating to their eligible experience comprising technical capacity and financial capacity would be evaluated. The financial bid would be opened and evaluated to identify the selected bidder. 
Karnataka has set the submission deadline for, requests for selection, for October 20, 2011. General terms of bidding: A bidder is eligible to submit only one bid for each of the project(s). And a bidder is eligible for award of project(s) of aggregate capacity upto 10MW under RFP. The term bidder used herein would apply to both a single entity and a consortium. A single business entity or all the business entities forming a consortium shall be a company incorporated under the companies act 1956 or under an equivalent law abroad, if it's a foreign company. http://kredl.kar.nic.in/RFP-KREDL-Solar Thermal_PV_120811.pdf 
The benchmark tariff is based on certain assumptions made by KERC as per its tariff order of 2010. The capacity utilization factor, considered is 19 percent for photovoltaics. KREDL has established strict guidelines for the eligibility of bidders, which can include stand alone developers or consortium. The no. of members in a consortium will be limited to three. In the case they are selected, members of the consortium shall collectively hold atleast 51 percent of the subscribed and paid-up equity share capital of the special purpose vehicle at all times, until 3 years from the Commercial Operations Date of the project. 
The lead members shall have a 26 percent shareholding of the SPV until three years from the COD of the project. Thereafter, all members of the consortium shall, until expiry of the agreement period, hold not less than 26 percent of the subscribed and paid up equity share capital of the SPV. These requirements are expected to inhibit the transfer of PPAs by developers looking at exiting early from the projects by selling their PPAs at a premium. 
The time given for development for the photovoltaic plants in 18 months from the date of designing the PPA. http://kredl.kar.nic.in/PPA-KREDL-Solar Thermal_PV_120811 (1).pdf  ===================================================================================================

Solar News on Karnataka:

Agricultural Engineering College student has come up with an innovative solar powered multipurpose sprayer system for farmers A third year student of the Agricultural Engineering College of the University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, has brought out an innovative solar-powered, multi-purpose sprayer system for farmers. Sangappa Sankannagowda, of Siruguppi village in Jamkhandi taluk of Bagalkot district, has invented a solar-powered sprayer which can be operated even at night using powerful lights charged through the solar panels installed atop a three-wheeled frame. The power generated in the solar panels allows the sprayer to operate for a minimum of 10 hours. The sprayer was displayed at the three-day Krishi Mela which concluded on Monday. It was organised by the Agriculture Research Station, the Agricultural College, the Krishi Vigyan Kendra and the Agriculture Department here. Mr. Sankannagowda said that the three-wheeled frame was adjustable and could be moved around fields without much difficulty. The height of the wheels could be adjusted to the height of the crops, he added. He said that the sprayer would prove useful for crops such as red gram, sugarcane, cotton, groundnut, Bengal gram and vegetables. The sprayer could also be used during the night, with two powerful lamps installed in the machine to provide power. He said that the production cost of the sprayer was Rs. 12,000, and with government subsidies it would be cheaper for farmers. Mr. Sankannagowda added that with the machine, farmers could spray one acre of land in 45 minutes and the advantage would be uniform spraying. Source Karnataka to come out with an integrated Solar Policy   Bangalore, Nov 6 (UNI) Bookmark and Share Karnataka Government will come out with an integrated solar policy and increase the capacity to generate upto 1000 Mega Watt, Minister for Primary and Secondary Education Vishveshwar Hegde Kageri said today.
*
Briefing reporters after Cabinet meeting here, he said, "at present each department including Infrastructure, Industries, Energy have their own way of implementation of the present policy limited to generation of 100 MW of power.

Hence it was felt necessary to come out with a uniform policy and to increase the capacity upto 1000 MW." He said Energy Department would take the lead and in consultation with other departments would come out with a draft policy for approval of the Cabinet.

The cabinet also decided to recommend to Governor H R Bhardwaj to convene the winter session of the State legislature at the newly constructed Suvarna Soudha in Belgaum.

Mr Kageri said the Cabinet had entrusted Chief Minister Jagdish Shetter to approach the Centre for power to implement Special Status power in Hyderabad-Karnataka region.

"Since the amendement to Article 371J is coming before Parliament in the winter session the Centre had asked for the State government's opinion on entrusting implementation power to the Governor. However, the Cabinet has decided to seek employment, education and development power to the state after studying implementation of Special status in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Source ============================================================================================================================================================ Bangalore-based Anu Solar, manufacturers of solar water heaters and energy products has partnered Germany based Smart Energysystems International AG. As part of the joint venture Anu Solar will manufacture solar generators using German technology for the Indian market at its manufacturing facility in Bangalore. The Indo- German solar called as 'Anu Smart' in the ranges of 300 W, 600 W, 1000 W, 1500 W, 2000 W, 4000 W to 6000 W. These high efficiency generators are capable of running inductive loads like motors, air conditioners, heaters, heavy duty loads and even medical laboratories, the company said. Read more ====================================================================================================================================================================================== The solar power sector is gaining momentum in Karnataka ever since the government introduced a solar energy policy (2011-16). The government has recently concluded a bid process, in which 80 Mw (60 Mw for solar PV and 20 Mw for solar thermal) was allotted to developers at tariffs between Rs 7.94 to Rs 8.50 per unit for solar PV and Rs 10.94 and Rs 11.32 per unit for solar thermal projects. According to a report Renewable Energy prepared by PwC, which was released at the conference on ‘sustainable energy through renewables’, organised by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), here on Wednesday, Karnataka is the only state to have supported solar projects under the REC (Renewable Energy Certificate) mechanism. Close to 950 Mw of project proposals have been submitted to Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd (KREDL), which are under different stages of implementation like preparation of DPR.With an installed capacity of about 14 Mw, the state has over 1.2 Gw of solar power projects in the pipeline under various schemes. Through the Arunodaya programme, Karnataka Power Corporation Ltd has commissioned solar PV plants of 14 Mwp (mega watt photovoltaic) capacity thus far (3 Mwp each in Kolar, Belgaum and Raichur in 2009 and a 5 Mwp in Mandya district in Karnataka. In 2010, the energy produced by the 3 Mwp in Belgaum was around 3.9 million units, based on report submitted to CERC. The plants seem to have overcome the initial technical issues and are performing at the desired plant load factor (PLF), the PwC report said.The report stated that with minor changes in the policy framework, Karnataka may join the top three states in terms of annual wind capacity additions. Large untapped wind potential and above average wind profile are the key factors, which will attract investor in the states. It has been observed that the wind velocity in Karnataka ranges from 0.85 m/s. Among the states in India, Karnataka has one of the highest potentials for renewable energy. Thermal and hydro have been the main sources of electricity in the state. Currently, renewable sources are contributing to around 24 per cent of the state’s installed capacity. The renewable energy potential is estimated at 28 Gw, primarily from wind, small hydro, co-generation and biomass sectors. Until now, 2,016 Mw of wind, 88.5 Mw of biomass, 948.7 Mw of bagasse co-generation, 646 Mw small hydro and 14 Mw of solar power have been explored, implying a large potential remaining to be tapped. Further, the government has allotted projects of 17,278 Mw, amounting to nearly 60 per cent of the full potential, the report said. Developing a robust and reliable transmission system is important for ensuring the growth of the RE sector. Good potential sites of RE sources such as wind, solar and hydro power are usually located far from the existing electricity grids and consumption centres. Therefore, it is important to augment the existing transmission networks for reaching these potential sites and ensuring that the power from these sources is utilised efficiently. Expanding networks will be crucial to achieve renewable energy objectives efficiently and effectively. Also, the increase in penetration of renewable energy and expansion of transmission network must go hand in hand, thus scaling up the investments required in transmission infrastructures, the report added. source aug30 ============================================================================  The energy consumption in the State is anticipated to be around 64,000 MU per annum by 2015. At present, renewable energy sources contribute to about 4600 MU of energy per annum (11.5%) out of the total 40,000 MU available from various installed capacities. To achieve a 20% share, the renewable energy sources are required to contribute 12,800 MU by 2014. This necessitates a renewable energy capacity addition of 6600 MW by 2014. A clear–cut policy is, therefore, essential to regulate and ensure speedy development of renewable energy.

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 Karnataka government plans to bring solar power to 3900 villages benefitting 5 million people. It’s called for tender from solar product manufacturers and solar power producers to design, finance and maintain, solar services .It will be viable as user fee will be collected.Solar power will provide street lights in these villages, power for desalination , water lifting and water purification. Power will also be supplied to cottage industries. 
The photovoltaic (PV) cell plant, built in record 10 months by the Hyderabad-based Titan Energy Systems Ltd for the state-run Karnataka Power Corporation Ltd (KPCL) at a cost of Rs.59 crore (Rs.590 million), will generate four million units of power per annum. 
Spread over 15 acres of land, the plant consists of 13,500 solar panels to absorb sun light as the source of energy, convert them into electricity and send to the control room through cables. The direct current (DC) is again converted into alternating current (AC) through twelve 250 KW inverters in the control room. 
The cost of generating solar power is Rs.16.90 per unit. The energy generated from the panels will vary from 4,000 units to 18,000 units per day depending on the sunlight received through the seasons. As a tropical country, there is no dearth of sunlight for at least 10 months a year here. Loans for solar Lights has transformed the villagers’ life. United Nations Environment Program has brought solar light to many villages in Karnataka. Access to credit is difficult to many poor villagers making solar light a distant dream.

 United Nations Environment Programme has supported two big regional banks Canara Bank and Syndicate Bank in granting loans to help install solar roof panels. Solar lamps are also given on rent at Rs. 15/ to shopkeepers to help them extend their working hours. People no longer live in unhealthy kerosene induced smoke filled homes; they don’t have to trudge many miles to buy kerosene. Children spend more time with their books. Housewives supplement their income by taking up some trade in the evening hours thanks to solar lighting

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solar power along irrigation canals, karnataka

Each village can generate 5 MW of power, says Bommai Taking a cue from the Gujarat government, the Irrigation Department in the State has decided to go in for solar power generation to meet its power needs. Minister for Water Resources Basavaraj Bommai told presspersons here on Wednesday that under this scheme, the department would install solar panels on irrigation canals and use the power generated to lift the water from the canals. This would ensure power round the clock for irrigation purposes. Each village could generate 5 MW of power, which would also be sufficient to illuminate houses and for agricultural purposes, he said. Mr. Bommai said the State government had sent a team to Gujarat some time ago to study the pros and cons of the project. A private firm would install and maintain the panels. Yadgir, Raichur and Bijapur districts would be the first to benefit from this initiative, with solar panels installed along 10,000 km of the canals. Later, it would be extended to other districts, the Minister said. A meeting of the Kalasa Banduri legal cell had been called in New Delhi on August 18. Work at the site would begin from September 6, Mr. Bommai said. The government had accepted the recommendations of the Dr. Paramasiva Committee, which conducted a study on the Bennihalla. Removal of silt and clearing of encroachments along the Bennihalla would be completed by December, he added.
  • Power to be used to illuminate houses and for agricultural purposes
  • Panels to be installed along 10,000 km of canals in Yadgir, Raichur and Bijapur districts source  16/8/12
=================================================================================================================== Want counselling on setting up MW scale / half a MW / 100 Kw/ 5 MW/ 10 MW/ solar power plant ! Call Manohar 90435 39679 or email <mano@eai.in> Cost of a MW The latest costing is given below. Component                                                                                                        Amount  Rs (lakhs) PV Modules                                                                                                                                400 Inverter                                                                                                                                          80 Balance of System (transformers, cables and wires)                                                        110 Mounting Structures(without tracking)                                                                                     60 Installation (civil & electrical works)                                                                                         90 Others (evacuvation and other pre operative expenses)                                                     30 Total                                                                                                                                              770   Mounting Structurers(with tracking - Single Axis)                                                                 190 Mounting Structurers(with tracking - Dual Axis)                                                                    240   Bank loan can be 70% As per REC route electricity can be sold at Rs 13/ unit 1 MW can generate approx 1.6 million units per year mano@eai.in 90435 39679  ======================================================================================================================

Solar Business opportunities in Karnataka in Hotels, hostels, malls, offices, factories....

Solar business opportunity In Buildings, Rooftop solar power plants, Solar Water Heaters, Energy Efficient Lights, Energy efficient designs, GRIHA Ratings. Solar air conditioning etc. In Shopping Malls, Solar Garden lights, Solar Road Studs, Solar Water Heater for Canteens, kitchen waste plants etc. and Hostels, Solar Cooking, Solar Lightings, solar street lightings, Kitchen waste plants etc. Solar business opportunity Solar Water Heaters, Biomass gasifier based cooking,Solar Cooking, Kitchen Waste based plants, Solar Lightings, Solar business opportunity In Vegetable Markets Solar Lanterns for Road Shops, Market Waste based Plants, Solar lightings, Solar cold storages etc.  Solar business opportunity In Sewage Treatment Plants Biogas Generation Plants, Power Generation from Biogas, Biogas Cooking, Solar lightings etc.  Solar business opportunity In Roads Solar Street Lighting Systems, Road Studs, Solar Traffic Signals, Solar Street Light Controls etc.  Solar business opportunity In Transportation Battery Operated Vehicles, Biodiesel based Buses/Vehicles etc.  Solar business opportunity In Residential Houses Solar Water Heaters, Solar Power Generators, Solar Invertors, Solar Home Lighting System etc.  Solar business opportunity In Advt. Hoardings Solar Hoardings, CFL/LED replacement in hoardings  Solar business opportunity  In Markets Solar Generators, Solar Water Heaters, Solar Power Plants, Solar Lighting Systems, Solar Lantern etc.  Solar business opportunity In Hotels Solar Water Heaters for water preheating ( airconditioning plant, laundry , kitchen, swimming pool), Waste based Plants, Solar Garden Lights, Solar Road Studs, solar streetlights with automatic control,  Solar business opportunity  In Hospitals Solar Water Heaters ( air-conditioning plant, laundry, kitchen, incinerators/autoclaves), Solar Roof Top Power Plants, Solar Lightings, Solar Street Lights, Road Studs  Solar business opportunity  In Restaurants Solar Water Heaters, Solar Lightings, Solar Cooking,Gasifier Based Cooking  Solar business opportunity In Schools Solar Cooking for Midday Meals, Solar Lightings,  Solar business opportunity In Data Center Solar lighting , solar air conditioning  Solar and other business opportunity In MSW Sites Suitable Technology for MSW Treatment i.e.,Inciration, Landfill, Biomethanation, Palletization  Solar and other business opportunity  In Industry Waste heat recovery, process heat recovery, biogasproduction for thermal and captive  power plant,biomass gasification, cogeneration , biomass basedpower plants, SPV power plants inplace of conventional diesel generation, Solar Water Heaters, solar street lights for industry campus with automatic control, solar drying, Solar air conditioning etc. ==================================================================================================  Solar Energy Products : manufacturers BIS approved solar manufacturers for FPC solar water heater: 
M/S Solar Hitech Geysers, M/S Nutech Solar Systems Pvt Ltd, M/S Hamshine Electronics & Energy Systems, M/S Emmvee Solar, Solar Energizers Pvt Ltd, Umbrey Solar Systems, Nucifera Renewable Energy,Kinara Power Systems and Projects Pvt Ltd, Sundrop Solar Systems, Anu Solar Power Pvt Ltd, Technomax Solar Devices Pvt Ltd, Dheemanth Industries, Rashmi Industries, Digiflic Controls Pvt Ltd, Sun Zone Solar Systems, Kotak Urja Pvt Ltd, Tata BP Solar India Limited, Vishwa Solar Systems, Perfect Solar Bangalore Pvt Ltd, Shrinagar Engineering & Energy Systems Pvt Ltd, Divya Industries, Enolar Systems, Denco Power Industries, Velnet Non Conventional Energy Systems, Sabha Solar Energy, Om Shakthi Industries, Surya Shakthi, Sunrise Solar Pvt Ltd, Vijaya Industries, Aaditya Solar Inc.  Evacuated tube collector based solar water heating systems: 
M/S Solar Hitech Geysers, M/S Supreme Solar Systems Pvt Ltd, M/S Photon Energy Systems Ltd, M/S Sudarshan Saur Shakti Pvt Ltd, M/S Standard Engineering Company, M/S Arsh Electronics, M/S Bhambri Enterprises, M/S Venus Home Appliances (P) Ltd, M/S Twincity Sunlife, M/S Kiran Lab Plast, M/S Pack Well Industries, M/S Nutech Solar Systems Pvt. Ltd, M/S Patory Export Import Pvt. Ltd, M/S G.P. Tronics Pvt Ltd, M/S V. Guard Industries Pvt Ltd, M/S Hamshine Electronics & Energy Systems, M/S Solanand Solar Systems, M/S Ados Electronics Pvt Ltd, M/S Mamta Energy, M/S Jay Industries, M/S Hykon India (P) Ltd, M/S Tyche Perlpheral Systems Ltd, M/S Emmvee Solar. SPV manufacturers: Sun Technis, Tata BP Solar India Ltd, Prolight Systems, Deepa Solar --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- They are industry specific opportunities. Polysilicon is used to manufacture crystalline wafers. Around a quarter of the cost of a Crystalline module goes just for polysilicon. The Ministry is providing soft loan at 5% annual interest rate through IREDA for setting up manufacturing facilities for manufacture of poly silicon material, silicon ingots and wafers, solar cells or integrated solar cell-module plants. No soft loan is available for setting up manufacturing unit for module manufacture or PV system manufacture. The proposals are considered by IREDA as per their lending and project appraisal norms. 
The details of the scheme are available with IREDA. http://www.mnre.gov.in/spv-fin.htm Type of entrepreneurs/ investors who can benefit - Entrepreneurs keen on building up capital intensive manufacturing facilities for an emerging market. The industry is dominated by a few companies that supply around 90% of the total polysilicon market. Some of the prominent companies are Hemlock, OCI, Wacker Chemie Tokuyama, REC (subsidiary SGS and ASiMI), and MEMC.  Scale of investment - Typical investments of $500 million - $1 billion for building a polysilicon production plant. It is not advisable to enter into this market at present. That is why I have not even updated some of the information given above. Everyone needs to know that Polysilicon manufacture is an opportunity for those in the solar industry. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ingot and wafer manufacturing The process of melting polysilicon into ingots and subsequently cutting them into wafers is wedged between polysilicon production and cell manufacturing. . Type of entrepreneurs /investors who can benefit - Companies that have been operating in metal cutting and finishing, abrasives and related industries could be ideally suited to enter this segment. This too is avoidable. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Solar Cell Manufacturing: Cell manufacturing involves creating the all-important pn-junction, coating and layering. It is an important step in the value chain that is responsible for about 15% of a solar PV module cost and it is here where significant technical differentiation is created. Avoidable ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Crystalline Cell Manufacturing: Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - Ingot and wafer manufacturers who are keen on forward integration can exploit this opportunity. Scale of investment - Medium-Large. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell plant is US$1-1.25 million/MW for crystalline silicon and US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films. The minimum economical size for a solar cell factory is about 20 MW. Avoidable ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Thin-film Solar Cell Manufacturing Manufacturing thin-film modules comprises depositing photovoltaic material on a substrate, structuring it into cells to form an electric circuit and wire and frame it depending on application. The key suppliers for the thin-film industry are chemical companies that produce high-purity metals such as CdTe, GaAs etc. The supply chain is less constrained than that for polysilicon (used in crystalline solar) and therefore much more reliable. 
This industry experiences a diverse mix of big-hitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. Companies with a long-term vision should start investing in this field. Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - Chemical companies that produce high-purity metals such as CdTe, GaAs are in a good position to exploit this opportunity. Glass manufacturers are also in a good position to exploit this opportunity. Equipment firms that have traditionally supplied printing machinery or manufacturing equipment to the semiconductor and display industry see the burgeoning thin film industry as a potentially lucrative market, especially as their hardware can often be easily adapted to manufacture thin film cells and panels. 
At the same time, these equipment manufacturers are not finding it that easy to enter the TFPV space because module manufacturers are choosing to design and build proprietary equipment rather than buy it in. Scale of investment - This industry experiences a diverse mix of big-hitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell plant is US$1-1.25 million/MW for crystalline silicon and US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films. The minimum economical size for a solar cell factory is about 20 MW. High R&D or commodity manufacturing? - Opportunities exist for R&D and innovation in this exciting sector. Prominent segments where significant innovation possibilities exist are: efficiency, new thin film materials, design and process. Bottlenecks/threats/barriers - For development and small-scale production, there are few barriers, as companies like Aja International specialize in providing small-scale sputtering equipment. 
However, when scale becomes important, access to capital might become a barrier. Competition - This is a very dynamic segment with lots of startup companies, some venture-funded. There are also a number of companies that also produce crystalline technologies. Those companies tend to be in the amorphous silicon thin-film segment. 

The organic photovoltaics segment is mostly covered by research institutes rather than private companies. Market size - The production volume has increased steadily as 165MW in 2007 and 357 MW in 2008. The share of thin films is expected to increase significantly and expected to reach about 25% of total in 2013. (EPIA data). Supply and demand - The thin film solar cell production reached a consolidated figure of 1.68 GW in 2009 out of the total 3.58 GW capacity available, indicating that there is some amount of surplus capacity. However, the demand supply gap could look very different in future with enhanced offtake of thin film world over. Indian scenario - There are only a few Indian companies such as Moser Baer and HHV Solar that make thin film solar cells. 

A few others such as Kirloskar are also exploring this field. First solar, Abound solar, GE's Primestar etc will soon find inroads into India. CIGS, CdTe and amorphous silicon a-si are the three types. Worthwhile pursuing opportunity. First solar, Abound Solar, Primestar of GE are the companies to associate with. It is a difficult manufacturing process. You may also want to study the below given not yet proven cos. Miasole, (counselled by Intel) Heliovolt, Nanosolar, SoloPower, Stion, Solar frontier, Sulfurcell, AQT, Telio, Global solar ISET Odersun, Wuerth Solar etc All the above are CIGS manufacturers. Some of them are startups and you need to study their production process and record well. May make sense to tie up with any one of them, who is doing well, now, than going in of your own manufacturing. CdTe thin film companies are CdTe: Abound Solar, Primestar, Solexant, Bloo Solar, Willard and Kelsey, Xunlight26 a-Si - Sharp solar Ascent solar tipped to have the highest upside in the stock market is another company to watch out for. As per the JNNSM guidelines, thin film can be imported for its Phase I Batch I and II as there are no manufacturers. Some of the thin films have been found pretty efficient in India. Viz First Solar. Moser Baer. To repeat Worthwhile pursuing opportunity. Required deep pockets. Global play. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
CSP CSP is an umbrella term for CSTP and CPV. That is the way I am taking it. The purists may not agree. For the purpose of this note, it is fine to define CSP as above. In concentrating PV (CPV), concentrators use optics to concentrate sunlight onto a small area of solar cells, thus allowing for a decrease in cell size. Because a CPV module needs less cell material than a traditional PV module, it is cost effective to use higher quality cells to increase efficiency. However, the technology makes up a very small portion of the solar industry. CPV system manufacturers assemble the solar cells, concentrator unit and heat sink to form a module. 
Where applicable, companies will either integrate a tracking device or offer it as a separate product for free-standing module installations. CPV is currently quite R&D driven, with a number of innovations taking place in this area. The types of entrepreneurs who will find this domain suitable are those who have scientific R&D backgrounds and have access to funds for significant R&D investments. As a rather recent technology (being commercialized), there are new entrants, many of whom are venture funded. 
Some of the prominent ones are: Amonix (California), SolFocu (California), GreenVolts (San Francisco), Concentrix Solar (Germany) etc. CSP Interesting opportunity area for large companies. Very soon India will need utility scale solar energy plants with molten salt so that they can provide electricity 24 hours. As per the Renewables Purchase Obligation, RPO, all utilities are expected to buy 0.25 % every year and that is a considerable amount for each state. This is the only solar technology that allows for storage naturally. Since the solar radiation is indirectly converted to electricity, there is an opportunity to store the collected heat in molten salts, before converting the heat to electricity. The cost of setting up the molten salt system is exorbitant. 
The common understanding is CSP is cheaper than PV due to the use of off-the-shelf, commodity components like mirrors, turbine, etc. It also was known to have higher efficiencies in solar to electricity conversion (~15%). Due to the global oversupply in PV panels and reduced demand due to the financial crisis, the prices of the panels have drastically reduced. On the efficiency front, the PV at 15-20% efficiency is typical now, further adding the cost parity. The result is that PV is now at parity or close to parity with CSP. One western region utility claimed that they pay 0.16 c/Kwh for CSP and 0.14 c/Kwh for PV. This difference was attributed to the timing of the PPAs; generally the difference is not significant anymore. A CSP project in USA has shifted to PV. Actually it is world's largest project that has shifted from CSP to PV http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nithya/blogs/7417 BHEL has tied up with a CSP major. The ability to provide “firm power” is a clear advantage of CSP at this time. Due to the output being provided by a steam turbine (and not directly from the field) and a ~2 hour built-in buffer in the trough technology, small variations in the in insolation do not affect the turbine output – like a passing cloud. CSP will also be needed for many townships, industrial estates etc Large companies which want to take less risk and are happy with predictable rewards can go for this. Here are a list of CSP companies with a note for each of them. You may want to work with one of the best, than go it alone. Abengoa SA, Acciona Energia, Acquasol, Amonix, Aora, Archimede Solar Energy, Arxiel Ventures, Ausra Inc., Bright Source Energy, Capital Sun Group, Circadian Solar, Concentrix Solar, Cool Earth Solar, Enel, Enter-t Global, EPURON, eSolar, Fichtner Solar GmbH, Flabeg, Flagsol, FPL Energy, Giuseppe Farina, Global Warming Solutions, Green & Gold Energy, GreenVolts, HelioDynamics, HelioFocus, Hiro Energy Tech Limited, HuiYin-Group, Industrial Solar Technology Corp., Infinia Corporation, International Automated Systems, ISFOC, Isofoton, Kraftenlagen Munchen, Kernenergien, Lauren Engineers & Constructors, MAN Ferrostaal, MENA Cleantech, Menova Energy Inc., Microsharp Corporation Limited, Mubadala Development Company, M W Zander GmbH, Naanovo Energy, New power India, Nokraschy Engineering, NOVATEC BioSol AG, Nur Energie, Open Energy Corporation, PSE AG, Pyron Solar Inc., Renovalia Energy, Schlaich Bergermann und Partner, Schott Solar Thermal / Schott UK, Senior Berghöfer, Solar XXI, SkyFuel Inc, Silicon CPV, Solar Euromed, Solar & Environmental Technologies Corporation, SolarReserve, SolFocus, Soliant Energy, Solar Heat and Power Inc, Solargenix Energy, Solar Millennium AG, Solar Power Group , Solarsphere, Solar Systems, Solar Trust of America LLC, Solel Solar Systems, SolFocus, Solucar, Sopogy,SunBorne Energy, Sunpower, Sunstroom Energy Ltd, Sustainable Resources Inc., Stirling Energy Systems, Torresol Energy, Tsugino Co., Whitfield Solar, Wizard Power Pty Ltd, Worley Parsons In my ranking, following are the companies to look upto Bright source Energy , Solar Millennium , Abengoa , Areva , Siemens, Acciona, SolarReserve, eSolar, Schott, etc., But then there is no clear basis for my selection. Viability / grid parity is a question as far as CSP is concerned. It will take a little longer than PV. Spain’s track record sends an encouraging message to newer entrants in the CSP market from India to South Africa and beyond. When Spain started building plants in 2007, the first plants such as PS10 and Andasol 1 were highly dependent on imports of foreign supplies, requiring at least 50% of the requisite parts to be sourced from abroad. The plants that went online in 2010 were built with around 80% of components from Spanish companies. If in doubt, read more http://www.csptoday.com/csp-markets-report/ There is no clear yes or no for CSP. Wait and watch. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Solar Module Production - Solar PV module manufacturing involves assembling the cells into a module to form an electric circuit. This is the last manufacturing step before it is distributed to wholesalers. Indian scenario - There are about 35 companies in India that produce crystalline solar modules. Avoidable. Dont enter now. The market is crowded. China is doing predatory pricing. It will swallow even local manufacturers, if they are not quick. You may want to talk to some of the present module manufacturers in India: Access Solar Ltd. http://www.accesssolar.co.in/home.html, Ajit Solar Pvt Ltd. http://www.ajitsolar.com/ Alpex Solar http://alpexsolar.com/ Ammini Group http://www.ammini.com/ Amro Technology Pvt Ltd. http://www.amrotechnology.com/profile.html Andromeda Energy Technologies Ltd. http://www.andromedasolar.com/ Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL) http://www.bhel.com/home.php Central Electronics Limited (CEL) http://www.celindia.co.in/ Chemtrols Solar Pvt. Ltd. http://www.chemtrolssolar.com/ Ecosol Power Pvt. Ltd http://ecosolpower.com/home.html ELECTROMAC Solar Systems PVT. LTD http://www.enf.cn/pv/12787a.html Emmvee Photovoltaic http://www.emmveesolar.com/ Empire Photovoltaic Systems PVT Ltd GreenBrilliance Energy Pvt. Ltd. http://www.greenbrilliance.com/ HHV Solar Technologies Pvt. Ltd. http://www.hhvsolar.com/ ICOMM Tele Limited http://www.icommtele.com/ India Solar Solutions http://www.solarindiasolutions.com/ KCP Solar Industry http://www.kcpsolar.com/ Kotak Urja Pvt. Ltd. http://www.kotakurja.com/ LANCO http://www.lancogroup.com/ Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt. Ltd. http://www.maharishisolar.com/ Microsun http://www.microsuntech.com/ Modern Solar http://www.modernsolar.com.au/index.aspx Moser Baer Photo Voltaic Limited http://www.moserbaersolar.com/ Neety Euro-Asia Solar Energy http://www.nease.in/ Novergy Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd. http://www.novergy.co.in/ Photon Energy System Ltd. http://www.photonsolar.com/ PHOTONIX Solar Private Limited http://www.photonixsolar.com/ PLG Power Limited http://www.plgpower.com/ Premier Solar Systems Pvt Ltd http://www.premiersolarsystems.com/ PV Power Technologies Pvt. Ltd. http://www.pvpowertech.com/ Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Ltd. (REIL) http://www.reiljp.com/ Rashmi Industries http://www.rashmisolar.com/ Reliance Solar Group http://www.relsolar.com/ SahajSolar Power Pvt Ltd. http://www.enf.cn/pv/13208c.html Shreyansh Electronics http://shreyanshindia.com/ Solar Semiconductor Pvt. Ltd. http://www.solarsemiconductor.com/asia/index.html Solkar Solar Industry Limited http://www.solkar.in/index.php Sunrise Technology http://www.sunrisetechnologies.com/ Sova Power http://sovasolar.com/ Sun Energy Systems http://www.sunenergysystems.in/home.htm Sun Solar Techno Limited http://sunsolartechno.com/ Sungrace Energy Solutions (P) Ltd http://sungrace.net/ Vksolar http://www.indiamart.com/vksolar/ Surana Ventures Ltd. http://www.suranaventures.com/ Synergy Renewable Energy Pvt. Ltd http://www.group-synergy.net/ Tata BP Solar India Ltd. http://www.tatabpsolar.com/ Titan Energy Systems Ltd. http://www.titansolar.com/titan/ Topsun Energy Ltd. http://www.topsunenergy.com/ Udhaya Energy Photovoltaics (P) Ltd. (UPV Solar) http://www.upvsolar.com/ Udhaya Semiconductors Limited (KL Solar Company Pvt. Ltd) http://www.uslsolar.com/ Waaree Energies Pvt. Ltd. http://www.waareeenergies.com/ Websol Energy Systems Ltd. http://www.webelsolar.com/ XL Telecom & Energy Ltd (formerly XL Telecom & Energy Limited) http://www.xlenergy.co/ If you are already a module manufacturer, it makes sense for you to enter power generation. And to enter Rooftop solar. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

Other Opportunities in Solar energy in India and Karnataka are 

* Ground Zero opportunity Roof top solar! It is a very good opportunity and there are opportunities for very large companies as well as for medium sized companies and individuals to get into business. As an individual you can start a business as an Installer. You will have a few well trained / skill trained employees working under you. At the small, residential scale, there are practically no barriers to entry. There is a wealth of training material available, both in person and online which enables even a one-man contractor to become fit enough to install roof top solar. At the larger, commercial scale, the main barrier to entry is capital, expertise in management, in sales, etc., You will install solar modules in a rooftop as per your Integrator's instructions. An Installer is someone who is technically minded and can manage a few people or if you can manage many people at a time, then you become an area Installer. The installer model is somewhat like a conventional contractor model. Gross margins are thin, from 15 to 30%.
 Residential Rooftop systems typically receiving larger margins than commercial. Because commercial jobs will be invariably got thru an Integrator or an EPC contractor. It is an opportunity for domestic module manufacturers to get into. The opportunity exists for Installers Area Installers District Installers Integrators Area Integrators District Integrators Regional companies - covering a few states having similar policies National companies The Installers can choose to work on their own or under the National companies, Regional companies, District integrators, District Installers, etc., The market will evolve as fragmented and unstructured to begin with and will get consolidated. You can get more information about types of Installers in Rooftop solar business models An integrator is someone who deals with the customer, Electricity board, etc Then there will be a company. Either a national company or a regional company which deals with the Gov, electicity board, corporates etc, You can read all about them in Rooftop solar business models And Rooftop solar technology types http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nitin/blogs/6670 Rooftop solar is a viable alternative and the prices / tariff in each state will soon help bring about grid parity and the sooner you get into it, the sooner you will reap the benefits. Rooftop solar comes about in many forms. For example a captive power plant may need a rooftop solar solution as a part of it. Diesel to Renewables may need rooftop solar solution. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
* Business possibilities with MNRE RESCO, System integrator, Financial Institution, Financial Integrator and Program Administrator Each of the above is an opportunity Implementation of off-grid solar PV project under JNNSM FAQ 1. What is the Procedure to register as Channel Partner? There are 5 types of channel partners and they can participate in the programme through the following procedure: A RESCO is a entity which would install, own & operate RE systems and provide energy services to consumers. These entities may tie up with FIs for accessing the financial support under the scheme. These are in fact the only entities which would approach the MNRE on their own. 
CRISIL is in the process of putting in place a system of accreditation. From September 2010 these entities could approach either CRISIL, CARE or FITCH to have themselves accredited and if they meet the minimum requirements laid down by MNRE they would be in a position to approach the Project Appraisal Committee (PAC) with their proposal for a in principle approval. The PAC would then provide the entity “in principle “approval and allow it to move forward with the implementation. The PAC would also specify that on completing the project, 50% of the funds would be made available automatically and the remaining on completing monitoring. As far as the Financial Institutions as channel partner is concerned, a comprehensive re-finance scheme has already been notified by IREDA. The SPV Division has also floated an EoI, wherein they have received over 80 applications from entities interested in partnering in the bank led scheme.
The SPV Division would shortlist the manufacturers region-wise or across the country depending on the strength of their existing after-sales network. The division will also identify various products after verifying how each of the laid down by MNRE, and then along with product is meeting the standards laid NABARD, design a pre-approved scheme which will allow RRBs to proceed with the lending for the above identified products and empanelled manufacturers. 
It is highlighted that the process of empanelling both the manufacturers and products would be an ongoing process in order to make sure that if there are new players who meet the requisite standards can also be appropriately empanelled. This process it is hoped will result in enabling NABARD to announce their pre-approved scheme to all the financial institutions, which have a re-finance agreement with them. IREDA will, after signing the agreement in Mumbai on 25th August, place token funds with NABARD to initiate the implementation of this scheme. 
System integrators can approach the PAC; with their project in the formats finalise to seek an ‘in principle’ approval. Since these are entities that would first interact with their market and build a project based on the tentative orders that they have been provided by their clients, the PAC would appraise the project on three basic parameters:- (i) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. (ii) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE. (iii) O&M Plan. 
System integrators would however need to approach bank/banks who would be willing to have a three way tie up with their clients, themselves and the bank. The bank/banks would also need to have a re-finance agreement in place with IREDA, NHB or NABARD. Based on the ‘in principle’ approval, the bank would be in a position to provide the lending support to the clients that have been identified by the system integrators. It is envisaged that both the capital and interest subsidy would flow to the beneficiaries of the scheme only through the banking channel. Requisite arrangements for providing this flow have already been clearly delianated in the re-finance scheme notified by IREDA. Financial integrators are entities who need to enter into a tri-partite agreement before coming to MNRE. 
This tripartite agreement has to be between the manufacturers/service providers, financial integrators and any other financial institutions, which is willing to support this kind of a business model. It is envisaged that the financial integrators would approach the PAC with details of their financial model as well as the product or service that they wish to provide through this financial/business model.
 The PAC would appraise the project on the following parameters: (i) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE. (ii) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. (iii) O&M Plan. (iv) Financial/business models and its viability. It is expected that the financial integrators would also tie up with a schedule commercial bank in India so that the subsidy both capital and interest can flow through the banking channel and would be covered under the re-finance scheme of IREDA. In so far as the implementation of the scheme through programme administrators is concerned, there is complete clarity in how to move forward. 
Formats for both SPV and Solar Thermal have also been prepared. 
2. How to submit a project proposal? Formats for submission of proposal are given on the Website of the Ministry. Two sets are required to be submitted to PAC.
3. How the project will be approved? Once the proposal of the channel partner is received an in- principle approval from PAC will be given within a maximum of 45 days. In case additional information is required PAC will inform within 30 days. After full information is received proposal will be cleared in two weeks. 
4. What is the subsidy disbursal mechanism? The release of funds for the project shall be back ended as reimbursement on completion and verification thereof. However for progamme administrators, the release of funds could be front ended, with installments of 70% on sanction and 30% on completion. However, this could be extended to other entities on provision of appropriate sureties. In respect of credit linked capital subsidy and interest subsidy the scheme would be implemented through IREDA, which will be the designated Nodal agency for disbursement of funds. 
5. Procedure for accreditation for channel partner/ financial integrator/ systems integrator/RESCO? As above in (1) 
6. Can NGOs directly approach MNRE for implementation of projects? Only the NGOs who have already been working closely with MNRE can access the scheme directly. Otherwise, the NGOs should collaborate with SNAs. 
7. Whether lighting systems to be provided should be certified by SEC or other test centers? Compliance to standards is mandatory. Certificate from test centres will help in this regard and should be provided to ensure complainace.
 8. What is the policy on local content of modules, batteries and other balance of systems in off grid programme? The scheme requires the project proponents to strictly adhere to the national/international standards specified by the Ministry from time to time. The Use of imported complete PV systems is not permitted under the scheme. However, use of imported components of a complete PV system is permitted, subject to adequate disclosure and compliance to specified quality norms and standards.
 The minimal technical requirements and Quality Standards in respect of the off-grid SPV power plants/ systems are given in Annexure-3 of the scheme for solar off-grid applications. These will come into effect from 1st September 2010 to allow sufficient time to the SPV industry to gear up for the same.
 9. What are financial limits assigned to channel partners? The financial limits will get decided based on the ability of the channel partner to deliver the implementation of the project within a period of 1 year. 
But the PAC would not accept any proposal of value less than Rs One crore or 30 kWp. Less than this amount would need to be aggregated at State level. 
10. Whether commercial entities can avail accelerated depreciation? The commercial entities can claim all the benefits, which are presently available for renewable energy applications, including solar, under the Income tax act and other notifications, subject to fulfillment of the conditions. 
11. Whether any channel partner interested only in capital subsidy whom should he approach? Only accredited channel partner and Programme administrators can access ‘only capital ‘subsidy. The commercial entities can access either capital subsidy or interest subsidy. They should approach a channel partner to avail subsidy. 
12. Whether RESCOs require any permission from Electricity boards to produce power? Guidelines under the Electricity Act,2003 and the extant regulations of that particular State will need to be read in conjunction to determine the process for captive power generation. 
13. Whether any new technologies invented any where can be introduced in the programme? The Ministry could provide up to 100% CFA for undertaking pilot and demonstration projects through manufacturers and other organizations for demonstrating new and innovative applications of solar systems. The maximum CFA that would be permissible under this provision would be up to Rs 1 crore. The PAC would evaluate the proposal based on parameters like – new applications for solar (not merely using solar as a power source), possibility of reduction of cost of BoS or system design improvement, or a new concept etc. You can get all this from http://www.mnre.gov.in/pdf/FAQ_offgrid_solar.pdf You can discuss your suggestions/ questions etc in the comments column at the bottom of this blog. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  * Solar powered desalination, plans, projects and opportunities If you can get potable water at a cost of say 0.5 $ per meter cube, ie say INR 22/ per 1000 litres of water that is ready to drink, ie Rs 0.22 per litre at the coast, wouldn’t you think it a great opportunity to bottle the water and market it. Yes that is what it costs. 4.2 KWhr / m cube. At Rs 5 per unit of power, it works out to Rs 20 for 1000 litres of good water that is desalinated. Let’s say 22p per litre!! Actual cost is even lower!! The capital cost is pretty high. Forget that for the time being. We will come to that later. Karnataka has a 320kms long coast line. The opportunity is to build solar desalination plants. The opportunity is to start a large solar desalination plant yourself, if you are a profit making organization. There are other opportunities too. Very soon, the coastal belt is going to be economically strong because of availability of good water and additional power. Making potable water and selling them inland is a business opportunity coming out of solar energy, all along the Karnataka coast. This is a great solar business opportunity. Get in touch with Salt works technologies. To market their products in India. To set up a solar desalination plant in India. To do joint research in India. To represent them in Asia. This opportunity pointed out by Nithya is in the intersection of two very high potential areas ie Water and Energy. (Acquasol's solar desalination project will: 1. Be the world's largest standalone solar-powered desalination plant 2. Harvest brine on land, eliminating marine environmental concerns 3. Deliver greater national water security by increasing water market supply) Their products can be used in inlands too. Visit Nithyas blog on solar desalination and see my comment for the above business opportunity. It is a good opportunity because, it covers not just Energy. But also what the next oil is about. Water. GE is in it full time. Siemens is in water. So should you be. Solar water desalination is meant for big companies. Like solar power generation, it is an infrastructure game. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  * Floating solar plants. There are three companies namely Sunengy in New southwhales, Australia, Solarsis Synergy in France/ ciel-et-terre.net/ and SGPsolar in California, USA. They have different methods of achieving solar power from floating solar panels, solar plants, etc. They all use captured water bodies. India has 30000 sq km of captured water bodies. If even 1 % of that area is utlised - it will equal 1500 large coal plants. Tata's have tied up with Sunengy, which has a patented technology called LSA. With the other two companies, entrepreneurs/ companies from India can seek to have a tie up. There is a solar business opportunity in terms of research for the research minded. All about this opportunity http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1170 Tatas have already started building a floating solar plant with Sunengy, somewhere near Pune. There is another company in Punjab doing this. There is a clear opportunity for big companies to tie up with Solaris Synergy and or SGP solar in California USA. http://ciel-et-terre.net/floating-photovoltaic/ This is the French company. I have been recommending these companies for a long time. Last month that is in Nov 2011, Enzen global of Bangalore has tied up with ciel et terre. That leave SGP solar as an opportunity for the Indian businessmen. In a land shortage country like ours, floating solar makes sense. NOW, SGP solar has been ranked as one of the fastest growing private company in usa. Or you can fund research in this area. Floating solar plants Great opportunity: For large companies, with deep pockets. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------  Business Possibilities thru MNRE in Villages Manufacture / market solar lanterns, solar home systems, Street lighting system, stand alone power plants, solar pumps. The details of the incentives are given below. It may make sense for individuals to tie up with large cos that manufacture these. Or better still become an agent for a large company that manufacture these products and market them. Pattern of Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for SPV Systems:  SPV System CFA for General Category States CFA for Special Category States Administrative Charges Solar lanterns (10W module, 7W CFL) Nil Rs. 2,400 Rs.100 Solar Home System – Model 1 (18W module, 1 light) Rs. 2,500 Rs. 4,500 Rs. 200 Solar Home System – Model 2 (37W module, 2 lights) Rs. 4,800 Rs. 8,660 Rs. 200 Solar Home System – Model 3 (37W module, 1 light, 1 Fan) Rs. 4,800 Rs. 8,660 Rs. 200 Solar Home System – Model 4(74W module, 2lights, 1 Fan) Rs. 4,800 Rs. 8,660 Rs. 200 Solar Home System – Model 5(74W module, 4lights) Rs. 4,800 Rs. 8,660 Rs. 200 Street Lighting Systems – (74W module, 1-2 lamps) Rs. 9,600 Rs. 17,300 - Stand alone power plant of capacity more than 1Kwp Rs. 1,25,000/KWp Rs. 2.25,000/KWp Rs. 10,000 Stand alone power plants of capacity more than 10Kwp with distribution line Rs. 1,50,000/KW Rs. 2,70,000/KW Rs. 10,000 Solar Pumps Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system For business opportunities about Solar Home lights, Solar Street lights, specifications, visit here Good Opportunity. Aleady players are active. Both manufacturing and trading opportunities exist. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 





* A low cost solar energy solution for the Indian industries Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes, SHIP for short, the Market in India, the Business, the Opportunity, Cost Advantage of Solar Process Heat The market for industrial heat in boilers is estimated to be 26 billion US dollars per annum in USA alone. Solar steam produced is estimated to cost $ 4.60 per MBTU compared to average cost of natural gas powered steam of about $ 6 to $ 10 per MBTU. This estimate is as per one the companies in Solar Heat for Industrial processes (SHIP). Indian entrepreneurs should take up such projects that cut down co2 emission and is less expensive. There are several companies that are into SHIP in USA. One of them claims that their process is CO2 emission free. Obviously because they use solar energy. The company also claims a reduction in the cost by as much as 50 %. That is a lot. Those interested must act fast. Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes (SHIP) You can discuss your suggestions, ideas, questions ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 





* Captive power plants. Many factories, companies, office complexes, textile factories, cement factories, sugar mills and many other small and medium industries need back up power. What is being talked about as an opportunity is this back up power. Actually already many companies in India already have captive power generation. But there a lot more number of companies in India which can benefit from this captive power plant from solar energy. There are some financial benefits and also the benefits of RECs otherwise known as Renewable Energy Certificates which are tradeable. There is good report on this at http://www.eai.in/ref/reports/captive_power.html Reading up the report will open up the opportunity for the above mentioned factories for their own backup power ie captive power. Those who are marketing minded and those who are solar energy consultants or renewable energy consultants, this is a very good business opportunity in India. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 





* Education and training: MNRE expects that there is going to be a need for 100,000 trained professionals in the next 8 years. I think that is a gross underestimate. This opportunity is not just for individuals who want to learn and get jobs. Or learn and start a business or set up a training center as a businessman. OR u can even set up an online course for the whole world. The limitations are your imagination. 

I foresee many training centers both for unskilled and for post graduation education courses happening soon. The course contents given in the sample solar education centers, will be Indianised by the shrewed Indian businessmen. Some of them may go for tie up with universities abroad. For example they may have a tie up with a US university in Pune or a tie up with a European university in Jalgaon. Good opportunity to get into Solar education, Training. Opportunity exists as a nationwide company, as a college, as a university, providing Graduations/ Degrees or practical training for the blue collars, providing certificates /diplomas. When the surge comes there will be a need for trained professionals. Can be a franchisee also. http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1284 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 




* Solar inverters In a Global Clean Technology Conference on February 23-24 in New York, with more than 100 public and private companies and 700 attendees, including strategic and financial investors, high-level policymakers and industry thought-leaders in attendance the following question was asked as a part of a Survey. Question: Within solar, which sectors of the supply chain are the most attractive investment themes? (Please rank with #1 being the strongest): Inverters 1 Cells/Modules 2 Projects/Installation 3 Polysilicon 4 Manufacturing Equipment 5 Wafers 6 The result of the survey is given in green color. Inverters!! That is why I am calling it a great solar business opportunity in the Indian market too. 700/800 of the world’s leading practioners have identified Inverters as the most attractive investment theme. Solar inverters in India, manufacturers, cost and business opportunities - You can get to know the business opportunities here. 
You may want to look at http://www.solren.com/residential.html and http://www.solren.com/utility.html Manufacturing opportunity is meant for large cos. What is the capital subsidy, interest on loan, rebates if any etc can be got from here Especially for inverters in Residential rooftops, area wise distribution is an opportunity for the sales minded. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 * Micro grid: The electrical needs of rural households are relatively small (0.5-2.5 kWhr per day) and a micro-grid system of 20-35 kW would suffice a small village. This may not be a 100 % solar solution. The solution to the villages can be hybrid. Will research and write more about this opportunity soon. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



 *. Solar Irrigation Pumps: This is a big opportunity area. Already being catered to in many villages. Coming soon. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 





*. Solar thermal India on an average has 300 clear days of sun and the radiation in most parts is 4.5 to 6 kWh/m2/day, which is pretty high. Solar thermal projects concentrate sunlight on a fixed point and uses a medium to move the stored heat energy to a place where it can be converted into electricity by superheating water into steam and using the steam to turn a turbine that generates electricity—ultimately the same process that natural gas and coal-fired power plants use to generate electricity. Solar dryers can be used in agriculture. At present the waste is just exposed to the sun and dried. Solar water heating. It is being made mandatory in many states to heat water for bathing purposes with solar water heater in all new buildings. Solar thermal can be used for cooking, community cooking in hotels, villages, schools in villages, etc Several industries that need low to medium heat can use solar thermal technology to reduce air pollution and carbon foot print. This opportunity is for the technically minded. This opportunity exists for small medium and even big companies. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 




* Manufacture of Solar Refrigerator, DIY Solar Refrigerator, marketing, Maintenance and Repair of Solar Refrigerators http://www.eai.in/club/users/harita/blogs/1484 The blog gives as of now basic insight of a Solar Refrigerator. It also provides information on manufacturers in India and abroad. There are many villages without electricity and they need refrigeration for the individul households, for preserving the produce of that village. Very soon, we will have information on market potential of solar refrigerators in India's villages, market size of solar refrigerators in other markets. Cost of solar refrigerators and actual cost of refrigeration etc also would be made available soon. For now u can visit http://www.eai.in/club/users/harita/blogs/1484 (You can discuss your ideas, doubts, questions, etc in this blog) Good opportunity To manufacture. To market. To maintain. Even solar coolers are a good opportunity. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 



* Opportunities in Solar cities: There are going to be about 60 solar cities coming up across India. What business opportunity exists in this solar city concept of mnre is a question in the young minds of Indians. Will try and answer them in the coming weeks. Stay tuned. Besides suggesting business opportunities in solar energy in India for large and medium companies, I thought it will be useful for small and individual players, if I can explain as to how they can get into solar business in India, it will be useful. There are bound to be opportunities for individuals, SMEs to take advantage of Solar City concepts. Let them start coming up and we will identify ' solar city' opportunities there. This opportunity has not been updated, because, there are no proper guidelines from the respective State Governments. Once the policies come out, opportunities will be identified and posted here. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Solar Air Heaters With global warming, there is global cooling also that happens. During winter, the North of India becomes too chill to manage. Every urban household would do with an Air Heater, a solar air heater. Even the rural households and the households in the unelectrified villages will need an air Heater. 



The old and the young suffer in cold and air Heater is not a luxury any more. It is a good opportunity to manufacture AIR Heaters and market in such cold markets. All discussions, questions pertaining to this opportunity to be restricted to this blog.">http://www.deccanherald.com/content/242590/cag-report-nails-govt-agency.html *Solar charakas to spin off profits for Khadi For the first time in India, the Karnataka Khadi and Village Industries Board will introduce solar charakas in Imangla village of Chitradurga district. 

This will revive the khadi industry and bring relief to both spinners and weavers, as it will reduce physical strain and increase production. Around 30,000 labourers working in more than 165 khadi institutions across the state will benefit. This will also spin off more than 300 jobs. The state government has earmarked `7 crore to enhance their wages from ` 60 to 90 per day. After khadi employees submitted a memorandum to Chief Minister D V Sadananda Gowda at Mysore University Vice-Chancellor’s residence in Mysore on Saturday, Karnataka Khadi and Village Industries Board managing director K Nagaraj told Express that a proposal for introducing solar charakas was sent through Commissioner of Industries to the state government. “If funds are sanctioned, we will introduce solar charakas in three months,” he said. http://ibnlive.in.com/news/solar-charakas-to-spin-off-profits-for-khadi/246824-60-115.html 



*'Time of Day' tariff system mandatory for big HT consumers  The ‘Time of Day' (ToD) tariff system — under which consumers will have to pay more for power consumption during peak hours and less for consumption during non-peak hours — has now been made mandatory for industries and other consumers with a contracted demand of 500 KVA and more coming under the categories of High Tension 2 (a) and 2 (b). According to the tariff order issued by the Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission on Monday, the mandatory clause will come into effect from September 1.


 Explaining the new system, KERC Chairman M.R. Sreenivasa Murthy said the consumers covered under the ToD system would have to pay an additional Re. 1 for every unit consumed during the evening peak time of 6 p.m. to 10 p.m. At the same time, they would get a rebate of Rs. 1.25 on every unit consumed during the non-peak hours of 10 p.m. to 6 a.m http://www.thehindu.com/news/states/karnataka/article3371289.ece 





* Solar powered Unmanned Aerial Vehicle / UAV to be developed in Bangalore  The Bangalore-based Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a lab of the Defence Research and Development Organisation is planning to develop a solar-based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and is scouting for a foreign partner for collaboration.

 “We are looking forward to develop a solar-powered unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with a long-range and endurance capability as we plan to diversify our expertise in UAV technology,” Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) spokesperson Ravi Gupta said. The proposed solar-based UAV would have much longer flight duration – as high as 15 days – compared to conventional UAVs. source *10 firms to set up solar projects in 6 months *Karnataka Buying Power from J&K, Punjab, Jindal Getting ready to face the summer and ensure availability of power, Karnataka is making efforts to buy power from North Indian States like Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab to tide over the shortage due to non-availability of coal for the thermal power plants in the State.



 Replying to a question from Independent member, Goolihatti D Shekhar during the question hour in the Legislative Assembly on Thursday, Energy and Food and Civil Supplies Minister Shobha Karandlaje said the Government would also buy 500 MW daily from Jindal Power Limited to overcome the power crisis during the coming summer. source *Karnataka's solar plans  Karnataka, with its growing interest in the green energy space, is targeting installation of 350 MW solar projects by 2016, under the Karnataka Solar Policy. 



As part of this, KREDL has recently floated tenders for setting up a 80 MW solar projects. A few months from now, the State is expected to start allocation of 400-MW grid-connected solar power generation projects. NTPC is planning to set up a grid-connected solar power plant with a capacity of 100 MW in Karnataka which would be the biggest solar power plant in the country, according to a report in ‘The Hindu'. Mr Prasanna Kumar also said that KREDL would also put up projects for 200 MW under the REC scheme as a ‘continuous process'. He told ‘Business Line' that a few companies had already applied for projects under this and allotments would be made very soon.  



Source *Bangalore residential areas to soon have smart meters for Rs 5000 each ! While the much-hyped Rs. 100-crore smart grid pilot project is yet to take off in the city, the Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (BESCOM) is now planning to introduce smart meters that will give consumers the option to monitor and control their power consumption online. In 2009, BESCOM announced that it will be taking up the implementation of a smart grid pilot in the city, but the utility is still working on the details of the project. According to BESCOM sources, the smart grid will take at least three years to become operational. Thus as a precursor to the smart grid, BESCOM is now planning to introduce smart meters only on project basis in residential areas. 



Speaking to MiD DAY, Syscon Hefcom Smart Solutions Pvt Ltd, a city-based company that will be taking up the job of installing smart meters, said that the first pilot project would be in residential areas. "We are keen on a mix of residential and commercial areas," said Kasturi Rangan, Director, Syscon Hefcom Smart Solutions Pvt Ltd. According to these companies, the smart metering system will help reduce electricity bills by 15 to 20 per cent. "We have a consumer interface unit (CIU), which can be effectively used by the consumer to monitor each one of the appliances for power consumption. 

Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/karnataka/soon-bangalore-can-check-its-power-consumption-online-155690&cp 




*Floating Solar Plants On Polluted Lakes And Irrigation Ponds In Karnataka  Few months from now, Bangalore will see several of the city's lakes dotted with royal blue solar panels floating the surface, replacing plastic covers and garbage amidst sheets of algae. Enzen Global Solutions, an energy and environment consulting and business services company is planning to put up ‘barge-mounted' or floating solar power plants on polluted lakes and irrigation ponds in Karnataka in partnership with different Government or private entities who own the water bodies.



 “We have identified several water bodies where the floating panels can be installed and we are in talks with stakeholders to finalise the projects,” Dr Uma Rajarathnam, Head of Enzen's Clean Energy and Environment Practice said. Source *Tata Power, Welspun, Sunborne, Kiran, Jindal Among 22 Bidders for Karnataka solar projects Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd. will open the bidding on Dec. 2, Managing Director N.S. Prasanna Kumar said The auction will award licenses to build 30 megawatts of solar thermal capacity and 50 megawatts of solar photovoltaic capacity with a maximum project size of 10 megawatts. The winners get preferential power rates and an assured buyer.http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-11-30/tata-power-welspun-among-22-bidders-for-indian-solar-projects.html This blog consists of three parts  Part I deals with latest solar energy news from Karnataka Part II deals mostly with the Government regulations and guidelines for solar energy in Karnataka. Central financial assistance for Solar energy, Karnataka state subsidies and rebates for solar energy off grid and on grid, Capital subsidy etc.,  Part III deals with solar energy business opportunities, solar energy business strategy, and solar energy investment required for different types of businesses all catering to the Private sector from large corporates to small medium ones.  Part I Latest News – Karnataka Solar Energy Part II Solar irradiation in Karnataka Demographics of Karnataka KREDL Solar policy of Karnataka Incentives for RE projects in Karnataka Single window project clearance mechanism in Karnataka Capacity Allotment of RE Projects Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency (EC&EE) Benefits under Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Fincancial assistance, subsidies, rebates Remote Village Electrification (RVE) in Karnataka Karnataka's solar power projects Floating solar power plants Karnataka Karnataka State -80MW solar projects – Bid documents Solar module/ water heater/ offgrid products/ lanterns/ Manufacturers in Karnataka  Part III  The solar energy business potential in Karnataka and Business opportunities in Karnataka  --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

Getting a PPA for Solar Power Plants in India Know More


 PART II  Solar irradiation in Karnataka: Karnataka receives global solar radiation in the range of 5.1-6.4 kWh/sq.m during summer, 3.5-5.3 kWh/sq.m during monsoon, and 3.8-5.9 Kwh/Sq.m during winter. Coastal parts of Karnataka with the higher global solar radiation are ideally suited for harvesting solar energy. Solar irradiation data of Karnataka cities monthwise: City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Avg. Belgaum 5.32 5.99 6.46 6.5 6.03 3.85 3.35 3.65 4.6 4.82 5.08 4.96 5.05 Bellary 5.21 5.88 6.34 6.29 6.1 4.95 4.37 4.43 4.92 4.86 4.89 4.87 5.26 Bengaluru 5.31 6.07 6.53 6.43 6 4.92 4.45 4.53 4.89 4.57 4.49 4.72 5.24 Bidar 5.11 5.91 6.39 6.44 6.29 4.88 4.25 4.16 4.6 4.92 4.96 4.81 5.23 Bijapur 5.23 5.86 6.38 6.37 6.26 4.98 4.49 4.44 4.88 4.93 4.98 4.84 5.30 Gulbarga 5.14 5.82 6.28 6.3 6.3 5.13 4.51 4.39 4.85 5.03 4.98 4.81 5.30 Mangalore 5.65 6.33 6.81 6.84 5.85 4.37 4.25 4.87 5.44 5.19 5.21 5.44 5.52 Mysore 5.39 5.89 6.31 6.01 5.54 4.15 3.8 4.01 4.82 4.71 4.77 4.95 5.03 Raichur 5.14 5.88 6.33 6.4 6.09 5.04 4.28 4.34 4.71 4.81 4.87 4.78 5.22 Shimoga 5.38 6 6.38 6.21 5.58 3.62 3.26 3.53 4.58 4.66 4.94 5.11 4.94 Tumkur 5.31 6.07 6.53 6.43 6 4.92 4.45 4.53 4.89 4.57 4.49 4.72 5.24 Solar irradiation measured in kwh/m2/day onto a horizontal surfaceDemographics: Karnataka is the 8th largest state with area of 191,791 km2 (74,050.9 sq mi). Nearly 56% of the workforce in Karnataka is engaged in agriculture and related activities.



 Karnataka is located within 110 30' North and 180 30' North latitudes and 740 East and 780 30' East longitude. The months April and May are hot, very dry and generally uncomfortable. Weather tends to be oppressive during June due to high humidity and temperature. Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd. (KREDL): Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd. (KREDL) is an organization devoted entirely to the promotion of renewable energy sources in Karnataka. Their aim is to promote renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, biomass, small-hydro, waste to energy etc. The company advises the Government of Karnataka on policies to be adopted for ensuring a systematic and balanced growth of projects for harnessing renewable energy sources. 




The KREDL works through various governmental agencies, private organizations, NGO’s and accredited energy auditors. Contact address:Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd.No.39, “Shanthigruha” Bharat Scouts & Guides Building, Palace Road Bangalore – 560 001 Ph: 080 – 22207851/22208109 Email: kredlnce@yahoo.co.in  Solar Policy of Karnataka: Under Karnataka Renewable Energy Policy, Karnataka will have a target for achieving 126MW of solar power up to 2013-2014. The policy came in to effect from 1.06.2011 and shall remain in force up to 31.3.2016 or until any changes are made by the state government or by the KERC (Karnataka Electricity regulatory commission) whichever is earlier. It is proposed to install 200MW upto 2015-16 (in addition to the allotment under JNNSM), for the purpose of procurement by the Electricity Supply Companies. The annual capacity approved will be 40MW per year. 



The minimum capacity of single solar power generating unit shall be 5MW each and maximum unit shall be 10MW both in respect of solar PV and solar thermal. Mode of approval of projects will be decided by a committee. Captive power plants and those put up for sale of power to third party do not form part of the target of 200MW envisaged in the policy. In such cases the wheeling charges have to be paid at the rates determined by the KERC. Under the Renewable Energy Certificate mechanism, the solar energy generators can sell the electricity to the ESCOMS at the pooled cost of power purchase, as determined by the KERC and sell the renewable energy certificate to other obligated entities. Under this scheme, a capacity of 100MW can be installed in the state. The state reserves the right to directly allot any project to the central or Karnataka state owned undertaking for setting up solar projects in the state, for providing solar power bundled with thermal power from outside the state at the rates to be determined by the government subject to the approval of KERC. 



A maximum of 50MW solar power will be approved under this clause. If a project is approved under clause-3, the developer has to sign a PPA with ESCOM. The quantum of power that is to be procured by ESCOMS from solar resources will be 0.25% of the total consumption. In case of short fall in the procurement of solar energy by ESCOMS, it can be made good by purchase of solar specific renewable energy certificates. The solar power generator has to share CDM benefits with the ESCOM with whom PPA is signed, in the manner prescribed by the KERC. KREDL will be the nodal agency for facilitating and implementing this policy. Metering and evacuations shall be in compliance with the CEA Regulations 2006 as applicable from time to time and in compliance with the norms fixed by KERC/CERC from time to time. The state will continue to implement JNNSM and all other schemes of the MNRE. http://kredl.kar.nic.in/Solar_policy2011-16.pdf Karnataka Cancels 18 grid interactive solar projects 


The Karnataka government's ambitious plan to generate 200MW power from the solar photovoltaic projects has suffered a set back with the MNRE rejecting the proposal to grant subsidy for 18 projects (totalling 120MW) from the state. As a result, the state government has been forced to cancel the permission granted to those projects. The companies that were cancelled include: MSPL Limited (10MW), Ramgad Minerals and Mining Pvt Ltd (5MW), MSPL Gases Limited (5MW), Aston Field Renewable Resources Limited (10MW), Millenium Synergy Pvt Ltd (5MW), Shalivahana solar energy (3MW), Solitaire Powertech Private Limited (50MW), Karnataka Power Corporation Limited (3MW),Milltech Machinery Private Ltd (10MW), Kotak Urja Pvt Ltd (1MW), ORB Energy Pvt Ltd (1MW), Priyadharshini Green Power Project (1MW), Avishree Green Power Pvt Ltd (1MW), Bheemeshwara Renewable Energy Solutions (2MW), Vishrutha Power Pvt Ltd (5MW), Appollo Renewable Energy (5MW), Atira Power Corporation (1MW), Azure Power India Pvt Ltd (2MW). Incentives for RE projects in Karnataka 


1.The various concession and incentives allowed by MNRE/GOI regarding DSI/DPR, GBI etc will ipso-facto continue to be passed on by the State Government to the project developer through KREDL. 


2. RE power procurement by distribution companies will be at tariffs as determined by the KERC. 



3. Government of Karnataka vide GO No EN 216 NCE 2006 dated 2.3.2007 accorded approval for the upper limit of the share of renewable energy in the total quantum of energy purchased by each ESCOMs enhanced to 20 %.

 4. KERC in its notification No S/03/1 dated 23rd January 2008 issued amendment to KERC (power procurement from renewable energy sources by distribution licensee) Regulations 2004 fixing the minimum renewable energy to be procured by each distribution licensee between 7 to 10%.

 5. Sale of electricity: On the electricity generated by the RE projects, the developers will be encouraged to sell power to the state grid on priority. Such purchases may be in whole or part as per the rules and regulations of KERC subject to the provisions of the Electricity Act 2003.



 6. Wheeling and Banking of electricity: With Wheeling and Banking arrangements for RE projects, necessary co-operation and facilitation will be provided for executing Power purchase agreement (PPA) and evacuation clearance as per the Govt/KERC norms. 


7. In case of Renewable Energy projects, if Government land (belonging to urban local bodies/panchayat) is available, the required land for setting up RE projects will be provided on lease basis as per rules and regulations of the Government, for a period of 30 years, subject to further renewal as determined by the Government. 


8. The state Government will exempt octrio and entry tax on the RE equipments for erecting capacity sanctioned as per rules.  Single window project clearance mechanism in Karnataka Setting up of RE projects involves sanctions/ clearances from number of Government agencies/departments. The state Government will facilitate and provide requisite clearances through a ‘Single Window Clearance Mechanism’. 

For this purpose a high level empowered committee at Government level will be constituted to accord necessary approvals/clearances. Similarly ‘Single Window Clearance Mechanism’ for execution of Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) and for payment to the private entrepreneurs for the electricity sold to the Distribution companies will be considered. Capacity Allotment of RE Projects Developers have to submit the details of RE project for capacity allotment in the prescribed application, after remitting application fees and processing fees to KREDL as fixed by the Government. Allotment committee constituted by the state government shall decide on the application of capacity allotment by considering various aspects of the policy, as well as the various government orders issued from time to time, and cause to issue necessary Government Order. 


The Allotment committee will be headed by the Principal Secretary, Energy Department, Government of Karnataka. The Government of Karnataka reserves right to allot a RE project to a state enterprise. Industrial units located in Karnataka and willing to establish RE projects for their captive use will have priority. The prospecting IPP (Independent Power Producer) shall not claim any right on allotment for self identified RE projects. Wherever more than one prospecting IPP is involved, if necessary, the self identified RE projects shall be considered for allotment on the basis of open competitive bidding. The allotment committee and Government will have the right to decide on the number of RE projects that may be allotted to any given single IPP/developer.


 Enhancement of allotted capacity of the RE projects will be considered on merit, only after submission of detailed project report (DPR), justifying the enhancement. Transfer/Sale of allotted RE capacity will be considered as per rules and regulations of the Government, only after submitting necessary justification. Any sanctioned RE project that remains un-developed within the time limit as per the agreement, the state Government has a right to cancel and terminate the project and the same may be allotted through open competitive bidding. However the Government may consider giving necessary time extension on merit and justification after remitting extension fee to KREDL as fixed by Government. From the date of agreement for the RE projects sanctioned, Royalty will be exempted up to 18 years, and from 19th year, Royalty to the Government on Renewable Energy, shall be collected @ 15 % of the energy generated. The RE Projects, will be sanctioned for a total period of 30 years from the date of execution of the agreement. However, the Government may consider extending the project period after the expiry of the agreement based on merit and justification.Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency (EC&EE) One unit of energy saved is equivalent to two units of energy generated. Cost of producing an additional unit of power is much higher than conserving the same quantity of power. 




Energy conservation covers lighting, heating, cooling equipment etc. The state government is committed to introduce effective energy conservation measures in all sectors of economy. Conservation of energy in domestic, commercial, agricultural & industrial sector by the use of energy efficient devices, need based consumption of electricity, avoiding wasteful use etc., may lead to saving of about 10% in the first 5 years and up to 20% in the next 5 years of the total generation capacity.  One of the cheapest ways to reduce carbon comes from conservation. Energy efficiency and conservation measures will result in opportunities to avail CDM benefits. Energy Auditing will be mandatory in the state for industrial units where load is exceeding 600 KVA.



It is mandated to bring in Energy Conservation Building Code and Standards & Labeling along with measures to encourage use of energy efficient technologies, equipment, processes, and devices. The Government of Karnataka vide no. EN 396 NCE 2006 dtd. 13/11/2007 and corrigendum, No. EN 87 NCE2008 dtd. 8/4/2008 notified the following, under section 18, Energy conservation act 2001:


 1. Mandatory use of solar water heating systems.

2. Mandatory use of Compact Florescent Lamp (CFL) in Government Buildings / aided institutions / Boards/ Corporations.

3. Mandatory use of ISI mark Motor pump sets, Power capacitor, Foot valves in Agriculture sector.

4. Promotion of Energy Efficient Building design.Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation measures have to be implemented through public participation and involvement creating necessary awareness. 


Therefore the following are proposed. 
 1. District Advisory Committee (DAC), headed by DC of the concerned district will be the authority to implement the Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency measures (EE) in the district.

2. All ESCOMs will create special cell under DSM for Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency (EE) and establish exhibition centers like in BESCOM. 

3. Akshaya Urja Clubs in engineering colleges will be involved in Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency (EE) activities.
 4. Akshaya Urja shops and District Energy Parks will also be involved in Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency (EE), education and awareness programme by displaying equipments and publicity material etc.

5. At district level a special squad will be formed under DAC involving the Govt. departments like; Revenue, Zilla Panchayat, ESCOM, Industry, Agriculture, Education, PWD, Municipality, Police, Forest etc to implement and monitor for the Energy Conservation (EC) and Energy Efficiency (EE) measures. 

6. Government is committed to introduction of energy saving bulbs like CFL, LED, Electronic chokes etc in Government buildings, Energy Management systems to street lights. Also promote the same in rural and urban areas. 


7. Energy Audit and Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency is mandatory in Government buildings. 

8. Energy Audit of designated consumers is mandatory and it will be mandatory for designated consumers to appointment accredited energy auditors/energy managers.Benefits under Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Global warming resulting in climate change is a matter of concern to all nations in the world. 


The Kyoto Protocol has created a favorable climate for International support mobilization for renewable energy development. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) provides avenues for earning carbon credit and mitigation of green house gases (GHG) under UNFCCC protocol. The Government of Karnataka designated KREDL as the NODAL AGENCY vide no. EN 94 NCE 2005 dated 17/06/05 for considering CDM proposals. In this regard, KREDL will extend necessary cooperation and guidance. In Karnataka, the RE developers have availed 80, 62,9540 of CERs as on July 2008 in about 31 RE projects, and there is further scope to avail CDM benefits. Remote Village Electrification (RVE) 

1. Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) has initiated Remote village electrification program with an objective to electrify remote villages/hamlets through RE sources especially through solar energy like home lighting and street lighting etc. Implementation of the program will help to achieve the goal of 100% village electrification in the country by 2012.


 2. KREDL has electrified 16 remote villages in Karwar, Belgaum and Chikkamagalur Districts through solar lights under the remote electrification program of MNRE. 


3. Fourteen remote hamlets are being electrified in Mysore and Chamrajnagar Districts through solar. Karnataka Solar Power Projects Solar grid projects: Company District Capacity_all Capacity_com Status KPCL Kolar 3 3 Commissioned KPCL Belgaum 3 3 Commissioned KPCL Raichur 3 3 Commissioned KPCL Mandya 

 5 0 Allotted Atria Power Corporation Ltd. Haveri 

 6 0 New Kimya Power Systems Bagalkot 50 0 New Solar Projects: Proj_type kWp AFST 1.2 Hybrid 95 Laundry 0 Solar 102 SPV 952.54 Steam-cook 0 Thermal 0 tt3 0 Water-pump 0 Floating solar PV power plants: Bangalore based Enzen Global Solutions Pvt Ltd has entered into an agreement with France based Ciel et Terre to jointly develop projects utilizing water surfece areas available in India for utility scale floating PV power generation from 1 to 50 MWp.



The companies are looking at Karnataka to begin with, including Bangalore.  Development of solar power project in Karnataka (Aug 2011): Karnataka is inviting solar projects worth 80MW. Under the new solar policy, 30MW of solar thermal and 50MW of photovoltaic projects will be selected on the basis of discounts offered by developers on the benchmark tariffs of INR 14.50 per kilowatt hour, as defined by the KERC. Furthermore, developers will sell their power to state distribution companies (DISCOMS). In case of solar thermal projects, a bidder could propose projects having minimum capacity of 5MW and the maximum capacity of 10MW. 

In case of solar PV projects, a bidder could propose projects having minimum capacity of 3MW and the maximum capacity of 10MW. The maximum capacity allotted to any bidder including group business entity shall be 10MW. Connectivity with the grid: The developer shall be responsible for power evacuation from the power plant to the nearest delivery station/delivery point. The interconnection to the nearest substation/ delivery point shall be at the voltage level of 11KV for electricity generation capacity of less than 5MW. 


The interconnection to the nearest substation shall be at the voltage level of 33/66/110KV for electricity generation capacity of greater than 5MW. The selected bidder shall obtain power evacuation approval within 180 days of signing of the Power purchase agreement from the Karnataka Power Transmission Company Limited (KPTCL)/ ESCOM as the case may be. Water availability: In the case of bidding of solar thermal projects, it would be the responsibility of the developer to make arrangements for the water required for the projects. 


The bidder shall submit calculation and documentary service in the form of approval from the local authority for the quantity of water required for the projects along with the bid. Bidding process: KREDL will receive bids in accordance with the terms set forth in the RFP. A single bidder is allowed to submit bids for one or more projects. However each bid will be treated as a new bid.  The evaluation of the bid submission will be carried out in three stages: 



The first stage involves opening and evaluation of the key submissions and a test of responsiveness based on the provisions of the RFP. In the second stage, the information of the bidders relating to their eligible experience comprising technical capacity and financial capacity would be evaluated. The financial bid would be opened and evaluated to identify the selected bidder. Karnataka has set the submission deadline for, requests for selection, for October 20, 2011. General terms of bidding: A bidder is eligible to submit only one bid for each of the project(s). And a bidder is eligible for award of project(s) of aggregate capacity upto 10MW under RFP. 



The term bidder used herein would apply to both a single entity and a consortium. A single business entity or all the business entities forming a consortium shall be a company incorporated under the companies act 1956 or under an equivalent law abroad, if it's a foreign company.  http://kredl.kar.nic.in/RFP-KREDL-Solar Thermal_PV_120811.pdf The benchmark tariff is based on certain assumptions made by KERC as per its tariff order of 2010. 


The capacity utilization factor, considered is 19 percent for photovoltaics. KREDL has established strict guidelines for the eligibility of bidders, which can include stand alone developers or consortium. The no. of members in a consortium will be limited to three. In the case they are selected, members of the consortium shall collectively hold atleast 51 percent of the subscribed and paid-up equity share capital of the special purpose vehicle at all times, until 3 years from the Commercial Operations Date of the project. The lead members shall have a 26 percent shareholding of the SPV until three years from the COD of the project. 


Thereafter, all members of the consortium shall, until expiry of the agreement period, hold not less than 26 percent of the subscribed and paid up equity share capital of the SPV. These requirements are expected to inhibit the transfer of PPAs by developers looking at exiting early from the projects by selling their PPAs at a premium. The time given for development for the photovoltaic plants in 18 months from the date of designing the PPA. http://kredl.kar.nic.in/PPA-KREDL-Solar Thermal_PV_120811 (1).pdf Solar Energy Products : manufacturers BIS approved solar manufacturers for FPC solar water heater: M/S Solar Hitech Geysers, M/S Nutech Solar Systems Pvt Ltd, M/S Hamshine Electronics & Energy Systems, M/S Emmvee Solar, Solar Energizers Pvt Ltd, Umbrey Solar Systems, Nucifera Renewable Energy, Kinara Power Systems and Projects Pvt Ltd, Sundrop Solar Systems, Anu Solar Power Pvt Ltd, Technomax Solar Devices Pvt Ltd, Dheemanth Industries, Rashmi Industries, Digiflic Controls Pvt Ltd, Sun Zone Solar Systems, Kotak Urja Pvt Ltd, Tata BP Solar India Limited, Vishwa Solar Systems, Perfect Solar Bangalore Pvt Ltd, Shrinagar Engineering & Energy Systems Pvt Ltd, Divya Industries, Enolar Systems, Denco Power Industries, Velnet Non Conventional Energy Systems, Sabha Solar Energy, Om Shakthi Industries, Surya Shakthi, Sunrise Solar Pvt Ltd, Vijaya Industries, Aaditya Solar Inc. Evacuated tube collector based solar water heating systems: M/S Solar Hitech Geysers, M/S Supreme Solar Systems Pvt Ltd, M/S Photon Energy Systems Ltd, M/S Sudarshan Saur Shakti Pvt Ltd, M/S Standard Engineering Company, M/S Arsh Electronics, M/S Bhambri Enterprises, M/S Venus Home Appliances (P) Ltd, M/S Twincity Sunlife, M/S Kiran Lab Plast, M/S Pack Well Industries, M/S Nutech Solar Systems Pvt. Ltd, M/S Patory Export Import Pvt. Ltd, M/S G.P. Tronics Pvt Ltd, M/S V. Guard Industries Pvt Ltd, M/S Hamshine Electronics & Energy Systems, M/S Solanand Solar Systems, M/S Ados Electronics Pvt Ltd, M/S Mamta Energy, M/S Jay Industries, M/S Hykon India (P) Ltd, M/S Tyche Perlpheral Systems Ltd, M/S Emmvee Solar. SPV manufacturers: Sun Technis, Tata BP Solar India Ltd, Prolight Systems, Deepa Solar Karnataka government plans to bring solar power to 3900 villages benefitting 5 million people. It’s called for tender from solar product manufacturers and solar power producers to design, finance and maintain, solar services .It will be viable as user fee will be collected.Solar power will provide street lights in these villages, power for desalination , water lifting and water purification. Power will also be supplied to cottage industries. The photovoltaic (PV) cell plant, built in record 10 months by the Hyderabad-based Titan Energy Systems Ltd for the state-run Karnataka Power Corporation Ltd (KPCL) at a cost of Rs.59 crore (Rs.590 million), will generate four million units of power per annum. Spread over 15 acres of land, the plant consists of 13,500 solar panels to absorb sun light as the source of energy, convert them into electricity and send to the control room through cables. The direct current (DC) is again converted into alternating current (AC) through twelve 250 KW inverters in the control room. The cost of generating solar power is Rs.16.90 per unit. The energy generated from the panels will vary from 4,000 units to 18,000 units per day depending on the sunlight received through the seasons. As a tropical country, there is no dearth of sunlight for at least 10 months a year here. Loans for solar Lights has transformed the villagers’ life. United Nations Environment Program has brought solar light to many villages in Karnataka. Access to credit is difficult to many poor villagers making solar light a distant dream. United Nations Environment Programme has supported two big regional banks Canara Bank and Syndicate Bank in granting loans to help install solar roof panels. Solar lamps are also given on rent at Rs. 15/ to shopkeepers to help them extend their working hours. People no longer live in unhealthy kerosene induced smoke filled homes; they don’t have to trudge many miles to buy kerosene. Children spend more time with their books. Housewives supplement their income by taking up some trade in the evening hours thanks to solar lighting


 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PART III 


 Solar business opportunities in Karnataka 




 The Solar business opportunities mentioned below are not specific to Karnataka. They are industry specific opportunities.  Polysilicon is used to manufacture crystalline wafers. Around a quarter of the cost of a Crystalline module goes just for polysilicon. The Ministry is providing soft loan at 5% annual interest rate through IREDA for setting up manufacturing facilities for manufacture of poly silicon material, silicon ingots and wafers, solar cells or integrated solar cell-module plants. 



No soft loan is available for setting up manufacturing unit for module manufacture or PV system manufacture. The proposals are considered by IREDA as per their lending and project appraisal norms. The details of the scheme are available with IREDA. http://www.mnre.gov.in/spv-fin.htm Type of entrepreneurs/ investors who can benefit - Entrepreneurs keen on building up capital intensive manufacturing facilities for an emerging market. 



The industry is dominated by a few companies that supply around 90% of the total polysilicon market. Some of the prominent companies are Hemlock, OCI, Wacker Chemie Tokuyama, REC (subsidiary SGS and ASiMI), and MEMC. Scale of investment - Typical investments of $500 million - $1 billion for building a polysilicon production plant.  It is not advisable to enter into this market at present. That is why I have not even updated some of the information given above. Everyone needs to know that Polysilicon manufacture is an opportunity for those in the solar industry. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 Ingot and wafer manufacturing The process of melting polysilicon into ingots and subsequently cutting them into wafers is wedged between polysilicon production and cell manufacturing. . Type of entrepreneurs /investors who can benefit - Companies that have been operating in metal cutting and finishing, abrasives and related industries could be ideally suited to enter this segment. This too is avoidable.  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 



 Solar Cell Manufacturing: Cell manufacturing involves creating the all-important pn-junction, coating and layering. It is an important step in the value chain that is responsible for about 15% of a solar PV module cost and it is here where significant technical differentiation is created. Avoidable  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 Crystalline Cell Manufacturing: Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - Ingot and wafer manufacturers who are keen on forward integration can exploit this opportunity. Scale of investment - Medium-Large. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell plant is US$1-1.25 million/MW for crystalline silicon and US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films. The minimum economical size for a solar cell factory is about 20 MW. Avoidable ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 Thin-film Solar Cell Manufacturing Manufacturing thin-film modules comprises depositing photovoltaic material on a substrate, structuring it into cells to form an electric circuit and wire and frame it depending on application. The key suppliers for the thin-film industry are chemical companies that produce high-purity metals such as CdTe, GaAs etc. 

The supply chain is less constrained than that for polysilicon (used in crystalline solar) and therefore much more reliable. This industry experiences a diverse mix of big-hitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. Companies with a long-term vision should start investing in this field. Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - Chemical companies that produce high-purity metals such as CdTe, GaAs are in a good position to exploit this opportunity. Glass manufacturers are also in a good position to exploit this opportunity. 

Equipment firms that have traditionally supplied printing machinery or manufacturing equipment to the semiconductor and display industry see the burgeoning thin film industry as a potentially lucrative market, especially as their hardware can often be easily adapted to manufacture thin film cells and panels. At the same time, these equipment manufacturers are not finding it that easy to enter the TFPV space because module manufacturers are choosing to design and build proprietary equipment rather than buy it in. Scale of investment - This industry experiences a diverse mix of big-hitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell plant is US$1-1.25 million/MW for crystalline silicon and US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films. 

The minimum economical size for a solar cell factory is about 20 MW. High R&D or commodity manufacturing? - Opportunities exist for R&D and innovation in this exciting sector. Prominent segments where significant innovation possibilities exist are: efficiency, new thin film materials, design and process. Bottlenecks/threats/barriers - For development and small-scale production, there are few barriers, as companies like Aja International specialize in providing small-scale sputtering equipment. 

However, when scale becomes important, access to capital might become a barrier. Competition - This is a very dynamic segment with lots of startup companies, some venture-funded. There are also a number of companies that also produce crystalline technologies. Those companies tend to be in the amorphous silicon thin-film segment. The organic photovoltaics segment is mostly covered by research institutes rather than private companies. Market size - The production volume has increased steadily as 165MW in 2007 and 357 MW in 2008. The share of thin films is expected to increase significantly and expected to reach about 25% of total in 2013. (EPIA data). Supply and demand - The thin film solar cell production reached a consolidated figure of 1.68 GW in 2009 out of the total 3.58 GW capacity available, indicating that there is some amount of surplus capacity. However, the demand supply gap could look very different in future with enhanced offtake of thin film world over. Indian scenario - There are only a few Indian companies such as Moser Baer and HHV Solar that make thin film solar cells. A few others such as Kirloskar are also exploring this field. First solar, Abound solar, GE's Primestar etc will soon find inroads into India. CIGS, CdTe and amorphous silicon a-si are the three types.   Worthwhile pursuing opportunity.  First solar, Abound Solar, Primestar of GE are the companies to associate with. It is a difficult manufacturing process.  You may also want to study the below given not yet proven cos. Miasole, (counselled by Intel) Heliovolt,  Nanosolar, SoloPower,  Stion,  Solar frontier, Sulfurcell,  AQT,  Telio, Global solar ISET Odersun, Wuerth Solar etc  All the above are CIGS manufacturers. Some of them are startups and you need to study their production process and record well. May make sense to tie up with any one of them, who is doing well, now, than going in of your own manufacturing.  CdTe thin film companies are CdTe: Abound Solar, Primestar, Solexant, Bloo Solar, Willard and Kelsey, Xunlight26 a-Si - Sharp solar  Ascent solar tipped to have the highest upside in the stock market is another company to watch out for. As per the JNNSM guidelines, thin film can be imported for its Phase I Batch I and II as there are no manufacturers. Some of the thin films have been found pretty efficient in India. Viz First Solar. Moser Baer. To repeat  Worthwhile pursuing opportunity. Required deep pockets. Global play. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  CSP  CSP is an umbrella term for CSTP and CPV. That is the way I am taking it.  The purists may not agree. For the purpose of this note, it is fine to define CSP as above. In concentrating PV (CPV), concentrators use optics to concentrate sunlight onto a small area of solar cells, thus allowing for a decrease in cell size. Because a CPV module needs less cell material than a traditional PV module, it is cost effective to use higher quality cells to increase efficiency. However, the technology makes up a very small portion of the solar industry. CPV system manufacturers assemble the solar cells, concentrator unit and heat sink to form a module.  Where applicable, companies will either integrate a tracking device or offer it as a separate product for free-standing module installations. CPV is currently quite R&D driven, with a number of innovations taking place in this area. The types of entrepreneurs who will find this domain suitable are those who have scientific R&D backgrounds and have access to funds for significant R&D investments. As a rather recent technology (being commercialized), there are new entrants, many of whom are venture funded. Some of the prominent ones are: Amonix (California), SolFocu (California), GreenVolts (San Francisco), Concentrix Solar (Germany) etc. CSP Interesting opportunity area for large companies. Very soon India will need utility scale solar energy plants with molten salt so that they can provide electricity 24 hours. As per the Renewables Purchase Obligation, RPO, all utilities are expected to buy 0.25 % every year and that is a considerable amount for each state.  This is the only solar technology that allows for storage naturally.  Since the solar radiation is indirectly converted to electricity, there is an opportunity to store the collected heat in molten salts, before converting the heat to electricity. The cost of setting up the molten salt system is exorbitant. The common understanding is CSP is cheaper than PV due to the use of off-the-shelf, commodity components like mirrors, turbine, etc. It also was known to have higher efficiencies in solar to electricity conversion (~15%). Due to the global oversupply in PV panels and reduced demand due to the financial crisis, the prices of the panels have drastically reduced. On the efficiency front, the PV at 15-20% efficiency is typical now, further adding the cost parity.  The result is that PV is now at parity or close to parity with CSP. One western region utility claimed that they pay 0.16 c/Kwh for CSP and 0.14 c/Kwh for PV. This difference was attributed to the timing of the PPAs; generally the difference is not significant anymore.  A CSP project in USA has shifted to PV. Actually it is world's largest project that has shifted from CSP to PV http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nithya/blogs/7417 BHEL has tied up with a CSP major.  The ability to provide “firm power” is a clear advantage of CSP at this time. Due to the output being provided by a steam turbine (and not directly from the field) and a ~2 hour built-in buffer in the trough technology, small variations in the in insolation do not affect the turbine output – like a passing cloud. CSP will also be needed for many townships, industrial estates etc  Large companies which want to take less risk and are happy with predictable rewards can go for this.   Here are a list of CSP companies with a note for each of them. You may want to work with one of the best, than go it alone. Abengoa SA, Acciona Energia, Acquasol, Amonix, Aora, Archimede Solar Energy, Arxiel Ventures, Ausra Inc., Bright Source Energy, Capital Sun Group, Circadian Solar, Concentrix Solar, Cool Earth Solar, Enel, Enter-t Global, EPURON, eSolar, Fichtner Solar GmbH, Flabeg, Flagsol, FPL Energy, Giuseppe Farina, Global Warming Solutions, Green & Gold Energy, GreenVolts, HelioDynamics, HelioFocus, Hiro Energy Tech Limited, HuiYin-Group, Industrial Solar Technology Corp., Infinia Corporation, International Automated Systems, ISFOC, Isofoton, Kraftenlagen Munchen, Kernenergien, Lauren Engineers & Constructors, MAN Ferrostaal, MENA Cleantech, Menova Energy Inc., Microsharp Corporation Limited, Mubadala Development Company, M W Zander GmbH, Naanovo Energy, New power India, Nokraschy Engineering, NOVATEC BioSol AG, Nur Energie, Open Energy Corporation, PSE AG, Pyron Solar Inc., Renovalia Energy, Schlaich Bergermann und Partner, Schott Solar Thermal / Schott UK, Senior Berghöfer, Solar XXI, SkyFuel Inc, Silicon CPV, Solar Euromed, Solar & Environmental Technologies Corporation, SolarReserve, SolFocus, Soliant Energy, Solar Heat and Power Inc, Solargenix Energy, Solar Millennium AG, Solar Power Group , Solarsphere, Solar Systems, Solar Trust of America LLC, Solel Solar Systems, SolFocus, Solucar, Sopogy,SunBorne Energy, Sunpower, Sunstroom Energy Ltd, Sustainable Resources Inc., Stirling Energy Systems, Torresol Energy, Tsugino Co., Whitfield Solar, Wizard Power Pty Ltd, Worley Parsons  In my ranking, following are the companies to look upto Bright source Energy , Solar Millennium , Abengoa , Areva , Siemens, Acciona, SolarReserve, eSolar, Schott, etc.,  But then there is no clear basis for my selection.  Viability / grid parity is a question as far as CSP is concerned. It will take a little longer than PV. Spain’s track record sends an encouraging message to newer entrants in the CSP market from India to South Africa and beyond. When Spain started building plants in 2007, the first plants such as PS10 and Andasol 1 were highly dependent on imports of foreign supplies, requiring at least 50% of the requisite parts to be sourced from abroad. The plants that went online in 2010 were built with around 80% of components from Spanish companies.  If in doubt, read more http://www.csptoday.com/csp-markets-report/ There is no clear yes or no for CSP. Wait and watch. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  Solar Module Production - Solar PV module manufacturing involves assembling the cells into a module to form an electric circuit. This is the last manufacturing step before it is distributed to wholesalers. Indian scenario - There are about 35 companies in India that produce crystalline solar modules. Avoidable. Dont enter now. The market is crowded.  China is doing predatory pricing. It will swallow even local manufacturers, if they are not quick.  You may want to talk to some of the present module manufacturers in India: Access Solar Ltd. http://www.accesssolar.co.in/home.html,  Ajit Solar Pvt Ltd. http://www.ajitsolar.com/  Alpex Solar http://alpexsolar.com/ Ammini Group http://www.ammini.com/ Amro Technology Pvt Ltd. http://www.amrotechnology.com/profile.html Andromeda Energy Technologies Ltd. http://www.andromedasolar.com/ Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL) http://www.bhel.com/home.php Central Electronics Limited (CEL) http://www.celindia.co.in/ Chemtrols Solar Pvt. Ltd. http://www.chemtrolssolar.com/ Ecosol Power Pvt. Ltd http://ecosolpower.com/home.html ELECTROMAC Solar Systems PVT. LTD http://www.enf.cn/pv/12787a.html Emmvee Photovoltaic http://www.emmveesolar.com/ Empire Photovoltaic Systems PVT Ltd GreenBrilliance Energy Pvt. Ltd. http://www.greenbrilliance.com/ HHV Solar Technologies Pvt. Ltd. http://www.hhvsolar.com/ ICOMM Tele Limited http://www.icommtele.com/ India Solar Solutions http://www.solarindiasolutions.com/ KCP Solar Industry http://www.kcpsolar.com/ Kotak Urja Pvt. Ltd. http://www.kotakurja.com/ LANCO http://www.lancogroup.com/ Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt. Ltd. http://www.maharishisolar.com/ Microsun http://www.microsuntech.com/ Modern Solar http://www.modernsolar.com.au/index.aspx Moser Baer Photo Voltaic Limited http://www.moserbaersolar.com/ Neety Euro-Asia Solar Energy http://www.nease.in/ Novergy Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd. http://www.novergy.co.in/ Photon Energy System Ltd. http://www.photonsolar.com/ PHOTONIX Solar Private Limited http://www.photonixsolar.com/ PLG Power Limited http://www.plgpower.com/ Premier Solar Systems Pvt Ltd http://www.premiersolarsystems.com/ PV Power Technologies Pvt. Ltd. http://www.pvpowertech.com/ Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Ltd. (REIL) http://www.reiljp.com/ Rashmi Industries http://www.rashmisolar.com/ Reliance Solar Group http://www.relsolar.com/ SahajSolar Power Pvt Ltd. http://www.enf.cn/pv/13208c.html Shreyansh Electronics http://shreyanshindia.com/ Solar Semiconductor Pvt. Ltd. http://www.solarsemiconductor.com/asia/index.html Solkar Solar Industry Limited http://www.solkar.in/index.php Sunrise Technology http://www.sunrisetechnologies.com/ Sova Power http://sovasolar.com/ Sun Energy Systems http://www.sunenergysystems.in/home.htm Sun Solar Techno Limited http://sunsolartechno.com/ Sungrace Energy Solutions (P) Ltd http://sungrace.net/ Vksolar http://www.indiamart.com/vksolar/ Surana Ventures Ltd. http://www.suranaventures.com/ Synergy Renewable Energy Pvt. Ltd http://www.group-synergy.net/ Tata BP Solar India Ltd. http://www.tatabpsolar.com/ Titan Energy Systems Ltd. http://www.titansolar.com/titan/ Topsun Energy Ltd. http://www.topsunenergy.com/ Udhaya Energy Photovoltaics (P) Ltd. (UPV Solar) http://www.upvsolar.com/ Udhaya Semiconductors Limited (KL Solar Company Pvt. Ltd) http://www.uslsolar.com/ Waaree Energies Pvt. Ltd. http://www.waareeenergies.com/ Websol Energy Systems Ltd. http://www.webelsolar.com/ XL Telecom & Energy Ltd (formerly XL Telecom & Energy Limited) http://www.xlenergy.co/ If you are already a module manufacturer, it makes sense for you to enter power generation.  And to enter Rooftop solar.  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------  Other Opportunities in Solar energy in India and Karnataka are  * Ground Zero opportunity  Roof top solar! It is a very good opportunity and there are opportunities for very large companies as well as for medium sized companies and individuals to get into business.  As an individual you can start a business as an Installer.  You will have a few well trained / skill trained employees working under you.  
 At the small, residential scale, there are practically no barriers to entry.  There is a wealth of training material available, both in person and online which enables even a one-man contractor to become fit enough to install roof top solar.  At the larger, commercial scale, the main barrier to entry is capital, expertise in management, in sales, etc.,  You will install solar modules in a rooftop as per your Integrator's instructions. An Installer is someone who is technically minded and can manage a few people or if you can manage many people at a time, then you become an area Installer.  The installer model is somewhat like a conventional contractor model.  Gross margins are thin, from 15 to 30%. Residential Rooftop systems typically receiving larger margins than commercial.  Because commercial jobs will be invariably got thru an Integrator or an EPC contractor. It is an opportunity for domestic module manufacturers to get into. The opportunity exists for  Installers Area Installers District Installers Integrators Area Integrators District Integrators Regional companies - covering a few states having similar policies National companies  The Installers can choose to work on their own or under the National companies, Regional companies, District integrators, District Installers, etc.,    The market will evolve as fragmented and unstructured to begin with and will get consolidated.  You can get more information about types of Installers in Rooftop solar business models An integrator is someone who deals with the customer, Electricity board, etc Then there will be a company. Either a national company or a regional company which deals with the Gov, electicity board, corporates etc,  You can read all about them in Rooftop solar business models And Rooftop solar technology types http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nitin/blogs/6670 Rooftop solar is a viable alternative and the prices / tariff in each state will soon help bring about grid parity and the sooner you get into it, the sooner you will reap the benefits. Rooftop solar comes about in many forms. For example a captive power plant may need a rooftop solar solution as a part of it.  Diesel to Renewables may need rooftop solar solution. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
* Business possibilities with MNRE  RESCO,  System integrator,  Financial Institution,  Financial Integrator and  Program Administrator Each of the above is an opportunity Implementation of off-grid solar PV project under JNNSM FAQ 1. What is the Procedure to register as Channel Partner? There are 5 types of channel partners and they can participate in the programme through the following procedure: A RESCO is a entity which would install, own & operate RE systems and provide energy services to consumers. These entities may tie up with FIs for accessing the financial support under the scheme. These are in fact the only entities which would approach the MNRE on their own. CRISIL is in the process of putting in place a system of accreditation. From September 2010 these entities could approach either CRISIL, CARE or FITCH to have themselves accredited and if they meet the minimum requirements laid down by MNRE they would be in a position to approach the Project Appraisal Committee (PAC) with their proposal for a in principle approval.  The PAC would then provide the entity “in principle “approval and allow it to move forward with the implementation. The PAC would also specify that on completing the project, 50% of the funds would be made available automatically and the remaining on completing monitoring.  As far as the Financial Institutions as channel partner is concerned, a comprehensive re-finance scheme has already been notified by IREDA. The SPV Division has also floated an EoI, wherein they have received over 80 applications from entities interested in partnering in the bank led scheme. The SPV Division would shortlist the manufacturers region-wise or across the country depending on the strength of their existing after-sales network.  The division will also identify various products after verifying how each of the laid down by MNRE, and then along with product is meeting the standards laid NABARD, design a pre-approved scheme which will allow RRBs to proceed with the lending for the above identified products and empanelled manufacturers. It is highlighted that the process of empanelling both the manufacturers and products would be an ongoing process in order to make sure that if there are new players who meet the requisite standards can also be appropriately empanelled. This process it is hoped will result in enabling NABARD to announce their pre-approved scheme to all the financial institutions, which have a re-finance agreement with them. 
IREDA will, after signing the agreement in Mumbai on 25th August, place token funds with NABARD to initiate the implementation of this scheme. System integrators can approach the PAC; with their project in the formats finalise to seek an ‘in principle’ approval. Since these are entities that would first interact with their market and build a project based on the tentative orders that they have been provided by their clients, the PAC would appraise the project on three basic parameters:-  
(i) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. 
 (ii) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE. 
(iii) O&M Plan.  System integrators would however need to approach bank/banks who would be willing to have a three way tie up with their clients, themselves and the bank. The bank/banks would also need to have a re-finance agreement in place with IREDA, NHB or NABARD. Based on the ‘in principle’ approval, the bank would be in a position to provide the lending support to the clients that have been identified by the system integrators.
 It is envisaged that both the capital and interest subsidy would flow to the beneficiaries of the scheme only through the banking channel. Requisite arrangements for providing this flow have already been clearly delianated in the re-finance scheme notified by IREDA. Financial integrators are entities who need to enter into a tri-partite agreement before coming to MNRE. This tripartite agreement has to be between the manufacturers/service providers, financial integrators and any other financial institutions, which is willing to support this kind of a business model. It is envisaged that the financial integrators would approach the PAC with details of their financial model as well as the product or service that they wish to provide through this financial/business model. The PAC would appraise the project on the following parameters: 
 (i) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE.
 (ii) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. 
 (iii) O&M Plan. 
 (iv) Financial/business models and its viability. It is expected that the financial integrators would also tie up with a schedule commercial bank in India so that the subsidy both capital and interest can flow through the banking channel and would be covered under the re-finance scheme of IREDA. In so far as the implementation of the scheme through programme administrators is concerned, there is complete clarity in how to move forward.   Formats for both SPV and Solar Thermal have also been prepared.  
2. How to submit a project proposal? Formats for submission of proposal are given on the Website of the Ministry.  Two sets are required to be submitted to PAC.
3. How the project will be approved? Once the proposal of the channel partner is received an in- principle approval from PAC will be given within a maximum of 45 days. In case additional information is required PAC will inform within 30 days. After full information is received proposal will be cleared in two weeks. 4. What is the subsidy disbursal mechanism? The release of funds for the project shall be back ended as reimbursement on completion and verification thereof. However for progamme administrators, the release of funds could be front ended, with installments of 70% on sanction and 30% on completion. 
However, this could be extended to other entities on provision of appropriate sureties. In respect of credit linked capital subsidy and interest subsidy the scheme would be implemented through IREDA, which will be the designated Nodal agency for disbursement of funds.  
5. Procedure for accreditation for channel partner/ financial integrator/ systems integrator/RESCO?  As above in (1) 
6. Can NGOs directly approach MNRE for implementation of projects? Only the NGOs who have already been working closely with MNRE can access the scheme directly. Otherwise, the NGOs should collaborate with SNAs. 
7. Whether lighting systems to be provided should be certified by SEC or other test centers? Compliance to standards is mandatory. Certificate from test centres will help in this regard and should be provided to ensure complainace.  
8. What is the policy on local content of modules, batteries and other balance of systems in off grid programme? The scheme requires the project proponents to strictly adhere to the national/international standards specified by the Ministry from time to time. The Use of imported complete PV systems is not permitted under the scheme.    However, use of imported components of a complete PV system is permitted, subject to adequate disclosure and compliance to specified quality norms and standards. The minimal technical requirements and Quality Standards in respect of the off-grid SPV power plants/ systems are given in Annexure-3 of the scheme for solar off-grid applications. These will come into effect from 1st September 2010 to allow sufficient time to the SPV industry to gear up for the same.  9. What are financial limits assigned to channel partners? The financial limits will get decided based on the ability of the channel partner to deliver the implementation of the project within a period of 1 year. But the PAC would not accept any proposal of value less than Rs One crore or 30 kWp. Less than this amount would need to be aggregated at State level.  
10. Whether commercial entities can avail accelerated depreciation? The commercial entities can claim all the benefits, which are presently available for renewable energy applications, including solar, under the Income tax act and other notifications, subject to fulfillment of the conditions.  
11. Whether any channel partner interested only in capital subsidy whom should he approach? Only accredited channel partner and Programme administrators can access ‘only capital ‘subsidy. The commercial entities can access either capital subsidy or interest subsidy. They should approach a channel partner to avail subsidy.  
12. Whether RESCOs require any permission from Electricity boards to produce power? Guidelines under the Electricity Act,2003 and the extant regulations of that particular State will need to be read in conjunction to determine the process for captive power generation.  
13. Whether any new technologies invented any where can be introduced in the programme? The Ministry could provide up to 100% CFA for undertaking pilot and demonstration projects through manufacturers and other organizations for demonstrating new and innovative applications of solar systems. The maximum CFA that would be permissible under this provision would be up to Rs 1 crore. 
The PAC would evaluate the proposal based on parameters like – new applications for solar (not merely using solar as a power source), possibility of reduction of cost of BoS or system design improvement, or a new concept etc. You can get all this from http://www.mnre.gov.in/pdf/FAQ_offgrid_solar.pdf You can discuss your suggestions/ questions etc in the comments column at the bottom of this blog. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Solar powered desalination, plans, projects and opportunities If you can get potable water at a cost of say 0.5 $ per meter cube, ie say INR 22/ per 1000 litres of water that is ready to drink, ie Rs 0.22 per litre at the coast, wouldn’t you think it a great opportunity to bottle the water and market it. Yes that is what it costs. 4.2 KWhr / m cube. At Rs 5 per unit of power, it works out to Rs 20 for 1000 litres of good water that is desalinated. Let’s say 22p per litre!! Actual cost is even lower!! The capital cost is pretty high. Forget that for the time being. We will come to that later. Karnataka has a 320kms long coast line.  The opportunity is to build solar desalination plants.  The opportunity is to start a large solar desalination plant yourself, if you are a profit making organization. There are other opportunities too. Very soon, the coastal belt is going to be economically strong because of availability of good water and additional power. Making potable water and selling them inland is a business opportunity coming out of solar energy, all along the Karnataka coast. This is a great solar business opportunity. Get in touch with Salt works technologies.  To market their products in India. To set up a solar desalination plant in India. To do joint research in India. To represent them in Asia. This opportunity pointed out by Nithya is in the intersection of two very high potential areas ie Water and Energy. (Acquasol's solar desalination project will:  1. Be the world's largest standalone solar-powered desalination plant 

2. Harvest brine on land, eliminating marine environmental concerns 

3. Deliver greater national water security by increasing water market supply) Their products can be used in inlands too. Visit Nithyas blog on solar desalination and see my comment for the above business opportunity. It is a good opportunity because, it covers not just Energy. But also what the next oil is about. Water.  GE is in it full time. Siemens is in water. So should you be.  Solar water desalination is meant for big companies.  Like solar power generation, it is an infrastructure game. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
* Floating solar plants. There are three companies namely Sunengy in New southwhales, Australia, Solarsis Synergy in France/ ciel-et-terre.net/ and SGPsolar in California, USA. They have different methods of achieving solar power from floating solar panels, solar plants, etc. They all use captured water bodies. India has 30000 sq km of captured water bodies. If even 1 % of that area is utlised - it will equal 1500 large coal plants. 
 Tata's have tied up with Sunengy, which has a patented technology called LSA. With the other two companies, entrepreneurs/ companies from India can seek to have a tie up. There is a solar business opportunity in terms of research for the research minded. All about this opportunity http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1170 Tatas have already started building a floating solar plant with Sunengy, somewhere near Pune. There is another company in Punjab doing this. There is a clear opportunity for big companies to tie up with Solaris Synergy and or SGP solar in California USA. http://ciel-et-terre.net/floating-photovoltaic/ This is the French company. 
 I have been recommending these companies for a long time.  Last month that is in Nov 2011, Enzen global of Bangalore has tied up with ciel et terre.  That leave SGP solar as an opportunity for the Indian businessmen. In a land shortage country like ours, floating solar makes sense. NOW, SGP solar has been ranked as one of the fastest growing private company in usa.  Or you can fund research in this area.  Floating solar plants  Great opportunity: For large companies, with deep pockets.  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Business Possibilities thru MNRE in Villages  Manufacture / market solar lanterns, solar home systems, Street lighting system, stand alone power plants, solar pumps. The details of the incentives are given below. It may make sense for individuals to tie up with large cos that manufacture these.
 Or better still become an agent for a large company that manufacture these products and market them. Pattern of Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for SPV Systems: SPV System CFA for General Category States CFA for Special Category States Administrative Charges Solar lanterns (10W module, 7W CFL) Nil Rs. 2,400 Rs.100 Solar Home System – Model 1 (18W module, 1 light) Rs. 2,500 Rs. 4,500 Rs. 200 Solar Home System – Model 2 (37W module, 2 lights) Rs. 4,800 Rs. 8,660 Rs. 200 Solar Home System – Model 3 (37W module, 1 light, 1 Fan) Rs. 4,800 Rs. 8,660 Rs. 200 Solar Home System – Model 4(74W module, 2lights, 1 Fan) Rs. 4,800 Rs. 8,660 Rs. 200 Solar Home System – Model 5(74W module, 4lights) Rs. 4,800 Rs. 8,660 Rs. 200 Street Lighting Systems – (74W module, 1-2 lamps) Rs. 9,600 Rs. 17,300 - Stand alone power plant of capacity more than 1Kwp Rs. 1,25,000/KWp Rs. 2.25,000/KWp Rs. 10,000 Stand alone power plants of capacity more than 10Kwp with distribution line Rs. 1,50,000/KW Rs. 2,70,000/KW Rs. 10,000 Solar Pumps Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system For business opportunities about Solar Home lights, Solar Street lights, specifications, visit here Good Opportunity. Aleady players are active. Both manufacturing and trading opportunities exist. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * A low cost solar energy solution for the Indian industries Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes, SHIP for short, the Market in India, the Business, the Opportunity, Cost Advantage of Solar Process Heat The market for industrial heat in boilers is estimated to be 26 billion US dollars per annum in USA alone. 
 Solar steam produced is estimated to cost $ 4.60 per MBTU compared to average cost of natural gas powered steam of about $ 6 to $ 10 per MBTU. This estimate is as per one the companies in Solar Heat for Industrial processes (SHIP). Indian entrepreneurs should take up such projects that cut down co2 emission and is less expensive. There are several companies that are into SHIP in USA. One of them claims that their process is CO2 emission free. Obviously because they use solar energy. The company also claims a reduction in the cost by as much as 50 %.  That is a lot. Those interested must act fast. Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes (SHIP) You can discuss your suggestions, ideas, questions  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Captive power plants. Many factories, companies, office complexes, textile factories, cement factories, sugar mills and many other small and medium industries need back up power. What is being talked about as an opportunity is this back up power. Actually already many companies in India already have captive power generation. But there a lot more number of companies in India which can benefit from this captive power plant from solar energy. There are some financial benefits and also the benefits of RECs otherwise known as Renewable Energy Certificates which are tradeable. There is good report on this at http://www.eai.in/ref/reports/captive_power.html Reading up the report will open up the opportunity for the above mentioned factories for their own backup power ie captive power. Those who are marketing minded and those who are solar energy consultants or renewable energy consultants, this is a very good business opportunity in India. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Education and training: MNRE expects that there is going to be a need for 100,000 trained professionals in the next 8 years. I think that is a gross underestimate. This opportunity is not just for individuals who want to learn and get jobs. Or learn and start a business or set up a training center as a businessman. OR u can even set up an online course for the whole world. The limitations are your imagination. I foresee many training centers both for unskilled and for post graduation education courses happening soon. 
The course contents given in the sample solar education centers, will be Indianised by the shrewed Indian businessmen. Some of them may go for tie up with universities abroad. For example they may have a tie up with a US university in Pune or a tie up with a European university in Jalgaon. Good opportunity to get into Solar education, Training. Opportunity exists as a nationwide company, as a college, as a university, providing Graduations/ Degrees or practical training for the blue collars, providing certificates /diplomas. When the surge comes there will be a need for trained professionals. Can be a franchisee also. http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1284 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Solar inverters In a Global Clean Technology Conference on February 23-24 in New York, with more than 100 public and private companies and 700 attendees, including strategic and financial investors, high-level policymakers and industry thought-leaders in attendance the following question was asked as a part of a Survey. Question: Within solar, which sectors of the supply chain are the most attractive investment themes? (Please rank with #1 being the strongest): Inverters 1 Cells/Modules 2 Projects/Installation 3 Polysilicon 4 Manufacturing Equipment 5 Wafers 6 The result of the survey is given in green color. Inverters!! 
 That is why I am calling it a great solar business opportunity in the Indian market too. 700/800 of the world’s leading practioners have identified Inverters as the most attractive investment theme. Solar inverters in India, manufacturers, cost and business opportunities - You can get to know the business opportunities here. You may want to look at http://www.solren.com/residential.html and http://www.solren.com/utility.html Manufacturing opportunity is meant for large cos. What is the capital subsidy, interest on loan, rebates if any etc can be got from here Especially for inverters in Residential rooftops, area wise distribution is an opportunity for the sales minded. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Micro grid: The electrical needs of rural households are relatively small (0.5-2.5 kWhr per day) and a micro-grid system of 20-35 kW would suffice a small village. This may not be a 100 % solar solution. The solution to the villages can be hybrid. Will research and write more about this opportunity soon. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

*. Solar Irrigation Pumps: This is a big opportunity area. Already being catered to in many villages. Coming soon. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ *. 
Solar thermal India on an average has 300 clear days of sun and the radiation in most parts is 4.5 to 6 kWh/m2/day, which is pretty high. Solar thermal projects concentrate sunlight on a fixed point and uses a medium to move the stored heat energy to a place where it can be converted into electricity by superheating water into steam and using the steam to turn a turbine that generates electricity—ultimately the same process that natural gas and coal-fired power plants use to generate electricity. Solar dryers can be used in agriculture. At present the waste is just exposed to the sun and dried. Solar water heating. It is being made mandatory in many states to heat water for bathing purposes with solar water heater in all new buildings. Solar thermal can be used for cooking, community cooking in hotels, villages, schools in villages, etc Several industries that need low to medium heat can use solar thermal technology to reduce air pollution and carbon foot print. This opportunity is for the technically minded. This opportunity exists for small medium and even big companies. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

* Manufacture of Solar Refrigerator, DIY Solar Refrigerator, marketing, Maintenance and Repair of Solar Refrigerators http://www.eai.in/club/users/harita/blogs/1484 The blog gives as of now basic insight of a Solar Refrigerator. It also provides information on manufacturers in India and abroad. There are many villages without electricity and they need refrigeration for the individul households, for preserving the produce of that village. Very soon, we will have information on market potential of solar refrigerators in India's villages, market size of solar refrigerators in other markets. Cost of solar refrigerators and actual cost of refrigeration etc also would be made available soon. For now u can visit http://www.eai.in/club/users/harita/blogs/1484 (You can discuss your ideas, doubts, questions, etc in this blog) Good opportunity To manufacture.  To market.  To maintain. Even solar coolers are a good opportunity. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

 * Opportunities in Solar cities: There are going to be about 60 solar cities coming up across India. What business opportunity exists in this solar city concept of mnre is a question in the young minds of Indians. Will try and answer them in the coming weeks. Stay tuned. Besides suggesting business opportunities in solar energy in India for large and medium companies, I thought it will be useful for small and individual players, if I can explain as to how they can get into solar business in India, it will be useful. There are bound to be opportunities for individuals, SMEs to take advantage of Solar City concepts. Let them start coming up and we will identify ' solar city' opportunities there. This opportunity has not been updated, because, there are no proper guidelines from the respective State Governments. Once the policies come out, opportunities will be identified and posted here. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 *  Solar Air Heaters  With global warming, there is global cooling also that happens. During winter, the North of India becomes too chill to manage. Every urban household would do with an Air Heater, a solar air heater. Even the rural households and the households in the unelectrified villages will need an air Heater. The old and the young suffer in cold and air Heater is not a luxury any more. It is a good opportunity to manufacture AIR Heaters and market in such cold markets.  All discussions, questions pertaining to this opportunity to be restricted to this blog.

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 ======================================================================================================================================  Solar Irradiation in Bangalore, Karnataka, India
DNI of Bangalore, Karnataka
January 5.36
February 6.06
March 6.56
April 6.38
May 6.03
June 4.84
July 4.5
August 4.47
September 5.03
October 4.63
November 4.5
December 4.74
Annual Average  5.26
   
Lat/Long Information
  Latitude 12.970
  Longitude 77.59
Solar Panels Dealers in Bangalore, Karnataka, India Sun Gold Solar Systems No.44, 1ST MN RD, Annpurneshwari NGR, Kuduragere RD, Madanayakana Halli, BANGALORE - 562123 Call: (91)-80-49174197 Eco Soch No 29, NR Willington Residential Prestige Park, Bhnd Canara Bank, Abbigere Pipelane,Kammagondanahalli, Jalahalli West, Bangalore - 560015 Call: (91)-80-66536930 Icon Industries No.2, SNS Manor, Opp Old Passport Office, Brunton RD, Domlur, BANGALORE – 560071 Call: (91)-80-66495876 Pai Power Solar No.3M-219, 2ND FLR, Opp Safal Market, Outer Ring RD, Kasturi Nagar, Bangalore - 560043 Call: (91)-80-66817164 Prithvi Solar System No.L 51, NR LN Puram Market, 9TH CRS, 4TH MN, Prakash Nagar, Bangalore - 560021 Call: (91)-80-66536825 K V Technologies No B 110 Ground Floor Kssidc Complex 1 ST Block, By Wipro,,Opp To Radaha Recnt Hotel, Electronic City, Bangalore – 560100 Call: (91)-80-49175347 Power Insstruments 24, 1ST Cross 5TH Phase 1ST Stage Mahaganapati Nagar, Dhobi Ghat Signal, Service Road, West Of Chord Road, Rajajinagar, Bangalore – 560010 Call: (91)-80-66499901 Daksh 35,31st Main, Bajaj Service Centre, Nanjappa Layout Opp Madiwala Lake, BTM Layout, Bangalore - 560076 Call: (91)-80-49341057 Green Energy Solar Systems No17/18, Hanumanthappa Bulding, Uttrahalli-Kengeri Main Road, To Rnsit College, Opp To Thyagaraja Co-Operative Bank, Rajarajeshwari Nagar, Bangalore - 560098 Sri Sundaram Solar Solutions No 15, 1ST MN RD, 7TH CRS, Chamundipuram, Ganapathi Nagar, Laggere, Peenya Industrial Area, Bangalore - 560058 Call: (91)-80-66367574 Solar Inverters Dealers in Bangalore, Karnataka, India Ideal Power Solutions C1,216, BLW Indus Ind Bank ATM, NR Netkalappa Circle, SC RD, Basavanagudi, Bangalore - 560004 Call: (91)-80-66491834 Megatech Power Equipments Pvt Ltd No.143, Ground Floor, Kamala Mansion, Opp To Hindu Press, Infantry Road, Bangalore - 560001 Call: (91)-(80)-22863132 Kamal Solar No.120, Ring Road, Nagashetty Halli, Bangalore - 560094 Call: (91)-(80)-23418630 Ever Rich Technologies No 760, 14th CRS, 16th MN RD, BTM Layout 2ND Stage, Bangalore - 560076 Call: (91)-(80)-324403122 Sumukha Power Solutions No 1758, Vasantha Nilaya, BH Varalakshmi Nursing Home, 6TH Main, 2ND Stage, D BLK, Rajajinagar, Bangalore - 560010 Call: (91)-(80)-23528239 Power Planet No.21, Maruthi Nagar, Garden Vilas Main Road 3RD Cross, Nagarbhavi Main Road, Nagarbhavi, Bangalore - 560072 Call: (91)-(80)-23397099 ServeWell Systems & Services No.532, 2ND Stage, 50ft MN RD, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bangalore - 560078 Call: (91)-9980751143 For over a month, there have been reports about power shortage in the city. Early October, BESCOM had contemplated power cuts for industries, but later changed the plan when rains started. Currently, the city has shortage of around 100 MW daily, which is only less than 5% of its total requirement, says P Manivannan, MD of BESCOM [1]. The shortage for entire BESCOM area is upto 600 MW. Manivannan says, "The shortage cannot be quantified, but varies from 0-600 MW through the day depending on wind and other sources. We are able to handle it, and are not contemplating any load shedding for the city." Bangalore's daily power demand is about 2300 MW (Mega Watt). That is, 2300 MW of power is transmitted throughout the day to the city on average (there are sharp differences in peak and non-peak hour consumption though). Bangalore consumes about one-third of the state's total power. Karnataka's average demand is 6000 MW per day. Source ======================================================================================================================================================   Frequent disruption in power supply since Wednesday continued till Thursday afternoon as the Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (Bescom) struggled to restore electricity to its consumers. While some areas in the south and eastern parts experienced a complete blackout for close to 15 hours, consumers in other areas said the fluctuations continued even Thursday evening. Tree fall, seepage of water into cable lines, short circuit and heavy winds were attributed for the power woes of consumers, many of whom faced severe water shortage as a result. Power consumers in Ramamurthy Nagar, Banaswadi, Chamarajpet, B.T.M. Layout, Jeevanbimanagar, New Thippasandra, Chikkakallasandra and Basavangudi were among the worst affected. Bescom received 3,753 complaints since Wednesday evening — the highest in the decade — and at least 250 complaints were yet to be attended to late night on Thursday. Basavangudi resident Anand M.S. said power supply had been erratic since Wednesday night. He said: “The power fluctuation has damaged my television, and my modem was charred with the constant on-off cycles.” Unattended A Hanumanthnagar resident said power fluctuations, which started Wednesday night, continued into Thursday, and Bescom had not attended to it. For residents of as many as seven apartments in Udaynagar in Chikkakallasandra, power was out for nearly 15 hours, and many housing units went without water. “We faced power outage between 11 p.m. on Wednesday and 3.15 p.m. on Thursday. Since we were unable to pump water to the overhead tanks, most of us had to make do with very little or none at all till power supply was restored,” said M.S. Subramanya, a resident of Hemavathy Residency. Complaints galore Many consumers were left high and dry without a quick response from Bescom, which was flooded with complaints since Wednesday evening. Scores of residents The Hindu spoke to said that the Bescom helpline was of little use. While some said that their calls were not answered, others stated they were getting cut even before they could place their complaint. Busy line Ajay Arora, who lives in Sanjaynagar and who hasn’t had power supply since Wednesday night, posted his plight on the Bescom Managing Director’s Facebook page saying nobody was attending the helpline and sought the MD’s intervention. When The Hindu tried calling the helpline several times on Thursday morning, it remained busy. Tough conditions A Bescom official conceded they were helpless as the helplines were flooded with calls till 4 a.m. on Thursday. “We are trying our best. Our helpline received 10 times the usual number of complaints in 24 hours,” he said. Bescom Managing Director P. Manivannan said that the continuous rain compounded problems as the soil remained moist everywhere. This was making it difficult to use the testing equipment to locate the problem. Apart from the routine 366 teams, Bescom also deployed an additional 127, and increased helpline lines from 25 to 32. Source ====================================================================================================== Innovative solar power systems on offer from Anu SolarBangalore, Nov. 1 -- Giving a new dimension to polularisation of Solar energy across the country, Anu Solar, a leading solar solution provider and manufacturer today announced the launch of the country's first customer centric outlet in Chennai. A Customer walking into the outlet, 'Anu World' would feel the experience of various solar energy products impacting day to day life of a person Products on display included Air Conditioning, Refrigeration, home lighting systems, commercial lighting systems, LED lighting and sensitive electronic devices. Anu Solar will set up 20 ANU WORLD centres in Tamil Nadu at an investment of Rs.10 crores according to Anu Solar Managing Director T J Joseph. The company had registered with the Ministry of non renewable energy resources for providing off grid solar power solutions. The outlet would be completely powered by solar power and would provide one-stop solution for solar power and LED Lamps. Solar products are currently not available through traditional retail channels, and are sold by sales representatives, directly to consumers. Despite this narrow supply chain, the last decade has seen rapid adoption of solar powered implements, particularly, solar water heaters. ================================================================================================== Deputy Commissioner V.P. Ikkeri has stressed the need for people to give priority to rainwater harvesting and use of solar energy. Inaugurating a seminar on rainwater harvesting organised by All India Radio (AIR) here on Saturday, he said that Chitradurga was a drought-prone district because it had no permanent source of water. Besides, iron ore mining and stone quarrying were rampant in the district. Therefore, it was essential to prevent depletion of groundwater. “The district is facing acute shortage of drinking water. People should understand the need for protecting natural resources to meet future needs. If sand extraction is allowed to continue at the current rate, then the problem of drinking water shortage will worsen,” Mr. Ikkeri said. Rainwater harvesting should be implemented in every house. The municipal council can make it mandatory for tanks to store rainwater while issuing building licences. “Since the annual rainfall in the district is always scanty, people should save rainwater and use it for various purposes, including agriculture,” he said. Mr. Ikkeri stated that an action plan worth Rs. 6 crore for developing the two tanks that were located on both sides of the Murugharajendra Math had been sent to the Union government for approval. Shivamurthy Murugha Sharana, head of the math, said that people were facing several challenges owing to what he described as the aggressive nature of some vested interests, who wanted to destroy nature for personal gain. “Such people should understand that natural resources should be protected for future generations,” he said.    Source ================================================================================================== Bidar  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
4.03 5.71 6.42 6.03 6.34 5.23 4.06 4.41 4.67 5.13 5.27 4.71 5.15 14.11
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Srusthi Solar Energy No.49,Bdo Complex, Near Haralayya Circle, Basavakalyan, Bidar,Karnataka- 585327;Call: 9663868683 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar water heaters
Solar India Inc 1/2 Old Palasia 105, Apollo Arcade, Indore Gpo, Indore - 452001 (Also serves BIDAR, Karnataka)         Call: (0731) 2560554, 9870001401 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar water heaters
TPK enterprises No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves BIDAR, Karnataka)  Call: 9952427465 Solar panels, Solar Inverters  
Spark International 507, Nalanda Building, Sunder Nagar, Near MTNL, S V Road, Malad West, Mumbai - 400064 (Also serves BIDAR, Karnataka)         Call: 9892628799 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries  
Eastern Gases limited 1,Palace Court, Room No 43, Beside Mla Hostel, Kyd Street, Park Street, Kolkata - 700016 (Also serves BIDAR, Karnataka)   Call: (033) 66342173 Solar panels, Solar Inverters  
SreeNandheyes technology No 99/208, Ah Block 3rd Street 8th Main Road, Anna Nagar, Chennai - 600040 (Also serves BIDAR,Karnataka)         Call: (044) 43436969, 9840337404 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries  
Aron Power Corp No 47, Opp To CMS School, 4th Street, Krg Nagar, Ganapathy, Coimbatore - 641006 (Also serves BIDAR,Karnataka)        Call: (0422) 6739072 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar water heaters
  Solar News: http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-05-30/mumbai/39628326_1_power-generation-rooftop-second-project   Gulbarga  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
5.87 6.57 6.90 6.5 6.29 5.00 4.09 4.52 5.47 5.67 5.97 5.74 5.71 15.63
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Selco Solar Light No.6, Ganga Nivas, Beside Sun International Hotel, OppNilambikaKalyanMantap, Gulbarga Ho, Gulbarga, Karnataka - 585101         Solar panels, Solar Inverters
Solar India Inc "1/2 Old Palasia 105, Apollo Arcade, Indore Gpo, Indore - 452001 (Also serves GULBARGA, Karnataka)         Call: (0731) 2560554, 9870001401" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
TPK enterprises No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves GULBARGA,Karnataka)         Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
Spark International "507, Nalanda Building, Sunder Nagar, Near MTNL, S V Road, Malad West, Mumbai - 400064 (Also serves GULBARGA,Karnataka)         Call: 9892628799" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
Eastern Gases limited 1,Palace Court, Room No 43, Beside Mla Hostel, Kyd Street, Park Street, Kolkata - 700016 (Also serves GULBARGA,Karnataka)         Call: (033) 66342173 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
Navaid Energy Limited C 183, Noida Sector-10, Noida - 201301 (Also serves GULBARGA, Karnataka)         Call: (0120) 4321413, 9999492721 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries, Solar Fencing
SreeNandheyes technology "No 99/208, Ah Block 3rd Street 8th Main Road, Anna Nagar, Chennai - 600040 (Also serves GULBARGA, Karnataka)         Call: (044) 43436969, 9840337404" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
Varalaxmi  technologies "No.C4, Asian Complex, Opp City Bus Stand, Head Post Office Rd, Gulbarga Ho, Gulbarga, Karnataka - 585101         Call: (08472) 645339, 9243227335" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries, Solar Fencing
Hi tech Solar Fence "No.145, Near Mari Mallappa College, Ramavilas Road, Mysore - 570024 (Also serves GULBARGA, Karnataka)      Call: (0821) 4192395, 9448247741" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
Surat Exim Pvt Ltd "2030 Jash Textile Market, Near SharaDarwaja, Ring Road, Surat - 395002 (Also serves GULBARGA,Karnataka)         Call: (0261) 2336667, 9227455399" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
  Solar news: http://panchabuta.com/2012/11/11/solar-parks-in-karnataka-to-come-up-in-gulbarga-dharwad/ http://www.hindu.com/2010/04/05/stories/2010040556700300.htm   Bijapur  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.03 6.61 6.87 6.23 6.16 4.97 4.19 4.22 5.00 5.71 5.93 5.97 5.65 15.46
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Shree Marketing Kaman Khan Bazar, Near Venktateshwar Temple, Bijapur Bazaar, BIJAPUR-Karnataka - 586101        Call: 8951458022 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
Solar India Inc Kaman Khan Bazar, Near Venktateshwar Temple, Bijapur Bazaar, BIJAPUR-Karnataka - 586101         Call: 8951458022 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
TPK enterprises No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves BIJAPUR-KARNATAKA)        Call: 9952427465 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
SreeNandhees Technologies No 99/208, Ah Block 3rd Street 8th Main Road, Anna Nagar, Chennai - 600040 (Also serves BIJAPUR-KARNATAKA); Call: (044) 43436969, 9840337404 Solar Water heaters;Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
Aron Power Corp No 47, Opp To CMS School, 4th Street, Krg Nagar, Ganapathy, Coimbatore - 641006 (Also serves BIJAPUR-KARNATAKA)        Call: (0422) 6739072 Solar Water heaters ;Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
Sunmax Energy Systems Pvt Ltd No 158 1st Floor, Near Federal Bank ATM, KamarjSalaiBrindhavan, Saram, Pondicherry - 605013 (Also serves BIJAPUR-KARNATAKA)     Call: (0413) 4201774, 9994597774 Solar Water heaters ;Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
Redren Energy Pvt Ltd Plot No G 2625, Near Kranti Gate GidcMetoda, Road D 5, MetodaGidc, Rajkot - 360003 (Also serves BIJAPUR-KARNATAKA)         Call: 9925992552 Solar Water heaters ;Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Batteries
  Solar News: http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-and-economy/rs-4000cr-solar-park-planned-in-bijapur-district/article3384635.ece http://greenmela.com/Green/News_Details.aspx?id=2157 http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hubli/Karnataka-government-working-on-modalities-for-solar-park-in-Bijapur-district/articleshow/13427072.cms Yadgir  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.13 6.61 6.93 6.50 6.35 5.13 4.29 4.64 5.57 5.90 6.30 6.06 5.86 16.06
  Raichur DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.16 6.61 6.90 6.40 6.39 5.27 4.42 4.84 5.63 5.83 6.20 6.03 5.89 16.11
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Shree Basava Enterprises Chandraprabha Complex, Near Gandhi Circle, Raichur Ho, Raichur, Karnataka  - 584101       Call: (08532) 324874 Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter, Solar Luminous lights
Vireshwar Solar "MaskiVeereshappa Complex, Opposite To Apna Marble, Gangavathi Road, Sindhanur, Raichur ,Karnataka - 584128        Call: 7795551119" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Royal Mobile Communication Company "DrRadhakrishna Complex, Adarsha Colony, Sindhanur, Raichur ,Karnataka - 584128 Call: 9902130888" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
  Solar News: http://www.hindu.com/2010/10/01/stories/2010100153030300.htm http://www.hindu.com/2010/06/24/stories/2010062450860300.htm http://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/bhel-commissions-13mw-solar-power-plants-this-year-112030600038_1.html http://www.deccanherald.com/content/45716/F   Bagalkot  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.09 6.67 6.90 6.40 6.26 5.00 4.23 4.42 5.27 5.74 6.07 6.06 5.75 15.74
   
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Orb Energy PVT LTD "No.101 Veerapur, Daneshwari Complex, Viddyagiri, Bagalkot,Karnataka - 587101        Call: (08354) 200736" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverters
ShriBhavani Enterprises "ApmcComplex,Shop No.57, Near Talathi Petrol Bunk, Ranna Circle, Mudhol, Bagalkot,Karnataka - 587313         Call: 9448210079" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverters
GK Enterprises "Dharti Plaza, Engineering College Road, Viddyagiri, Bagalkot, Karnataka - 587101        Call: 9986024556" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverters
Selco Solar Energy "No:1078, Brahmin Street, Bagalkot Ho, Bagalkot, Karnataka - 587101        Call: 9845445526" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverters
Basaveshwar Traders Rate this "Shop # 4, Badami, TalukaPanchayath Complex, Badami, Bagalkot, Karnataka - 587201         Call: (08357) 318424" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverters
Param Solar Systems "Sameer Tower, JamkhandiTaluk, A G Desai Circle, Jamkhandi, Bagalkot - 587301 Call: (08353) 224255" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverters
ShashikanthPattan "No: 5202/2c3, Basavasmruti Building, Opp. Apmc, Kudchi Road, Jamkhandi, Bagalkot - 587301       Call: 9880151835" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverters
  Solar News: http://solar-power.industry-focus.net/karnataka-solar-power-projects.html http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1212 Chikmagalur  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.84 7.18 7.00 6.33 5.64 4.07 3.48 3.67 4.63 5.22 6.17 7.13 5.60 15.34
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Goutam Hardware "Sisodia Building, Near Sangeetha Mobile, M G Road Chikmagalur, Chikmagalur - 577101         Call: (08262) 231227" Solar water heaters, Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Dolphin Enterprises "MarutiComplex,NearKsrtc Bus Stand, DevarajUrsRoad,Kadur, Kadur, Chikmagalur - 577548       Call: 9663568406" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Ramkumar Agencies "I G Road, I G Road Chikmagalur, Chikmagalur - 577101         Call: (08262) 231384" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Pranamitha Sales Corporation "Sushi Complex, Laxmish Nagar, 3rd Cross, Chikmagalur Ho, Chikmagalur - 577101 | View Map Call: 9901389828" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Hoysala Solar Agency     "Hoysala Solar Agency, Shankar Mutt, Basavanhalli Main Rd, BasavanahalliChikmagalur, Chikmagalur - 577101     Call: (08262) 223467" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Ganesh Enterprises OppVijaya Bank, I G Road Chikmagalur, Chikmagalur - 577101         Call: 8147309546 Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Suryaprethi Enterprises Durga Complex, 1st Floor, Opposite Bcm Girls Hostel, Barlane Road, I G Road Chikmagalur, Chikmagalur - 577101        Call: 9964140874 Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Bhumika Energy Solutions Bhumika Energy Solutions, Near Azad Park, M.g. Road, Chikmagalur., M G Road Chikmagalur, Chikmagalur - 577101        Call: 9448183881" Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
  Solar news: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/Chikmagalur-taluk http://solar-power.industry-focus.net/karnataka-solar-power-projects.html   Koppal  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.45 6.78 7.06 6.37 6.35 5.00 4.48 4.55 5.23 5.84 6.30 6.32 5.89 16.12
  Belgaum  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.61 6.93 7.03 6.57 6.29 4.40 3.87 4.09 5.30 6.13 6.40 6.45 5.83 15.96
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with

Srushti Solution
"No 55, Opposite Camp Petrol Pump,Near Hanuman Statute, Khanapur Road, Khanapur Road Belgaum, Belgaum,Karnataka - 590001         Call: (0831) 4203533, 9886310533" Solar water heaters, Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Kalashree Bumb & steel Furniture "Near College Road, Khanapur Road, Udyambag Belgaum, Belgaum,Karnataka - 590008         Call: (0831) 2411115, 9480017217" Solar water heaters, Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Pioneer Drip Irrigators "No.1410, Gp Chambers, Basava Galli, Tilak Chowk Belgaum, Belgaum,Karnataka - 590002         Call: (0831) 2427433" Solar water heaters, Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Shell Solar India PVT LTD "No.171,Basavaraj Havannavar Bldg, Near Jyothi College, Club Road Belgaum, Belgaum,Karnataka - 590001        Call: 9845017013" Solar water heaters, Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Desai Traders "Oulkar Building, Opp To Contonment Complex, Khanapur Road Camp, Fort Belgaum, Belgaum,Karnataka - 590016         Call: (0831) 4202582" Solar water heaters, Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
Selco Solar Light Pvt Ltd "No.20/5,Velang Bldg, Khanapur Rd, Tilakwadi Belgaum, Belgaum,Karnataka - 590006 Call: (0831) 2465304" Solar water heaters, Solar panel, Solar Battery and  Solar inverter
  Solar News: http://www.projectstoday.com/WeekAtGlance/Welspun-Energy-emerging-as-the-largest-player-in-Solar-Power http://allaboutbelgaum.com/news/annular-solar-eclipse-photos-from-belgaum/ Dharwad  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.52 6.86 7.03 6.53 6.26 4.47 4.09 4.35 5.27 6.00 6.37 6.45 5.84 15.98
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Mayur Solar No.59/1, Nr KempannavarKalyanaMantapa, 2nd Crs, Vijaynagar, Hubli,Karnataka- 580032         Call: (0836) 2252312 Solar panels, Solar Inverters
Powertronic System No.G-53,Eureka Centre, Opp Padma Theatre, Koppikar Road, Hubli, Karnataka - 580020         Call: (0836) 2364442, 9448064442 Solar panels, Solar Inverters
Rishabh Associates Huddar Building, Near Head Post Office, Station Road, Navodayanagar, Dharwad, Karnataka - 580001        Call: 9986015116 Solar water heaters,Solar panels, Solar Inverters
Namrada Enterprises Dharwad Ho, Dharwad ,Karnataka- 580001        Call: (0836) 9343101567 Solar water heaters,Solar panels, Solar Inverters
Nuetech Solar Water Heater OppVayuputraAchade, Lakshmi Talkies, P B Road, P B Road, Dharwad, Karnataka - 580001 Call: (0836) 2344006 Solar water heaters,Solar panels, Solar Inverters
TPK Enterprises No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves DHARWAD,Karnataka) Call: 9952427465 Solar water heaters,Solar panels, Solar Inverters
Om Green Energy Products No 4/12, Near Ragavi Garden, Karatumadu, Saravanampatti, Coimbatore - 641035 (Also serves DHARWAD,Karnataka)       Call: (0422) 6724079 Solar water heaters,Solar panels, Solar Inverters
  Solar News: http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/news/mysore-hubi-dharwad-selected-solar-city-project http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-02-22/hubli/37241148_1_solar-energy-solar-city-project-solar-panels http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/keyword/kvgb/featured/4     Gadag DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.45 6.78 7.06 6.37 6.32 5.00 4.45 4.55 5.20 5.87 6.30 6.35 5.88 16.11
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Orb Energy PVT LTD (Gadag Branch) 22916 Thekritapurpressing& Ginning Co. Ltd. Complex, Near Rotary Circle, Palabadami Road, Gadag Ho, Gadag ,Karnataka - 582101        Call: (08372) 220325 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters
TPK enterprises No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves Gadag,Karnataka)      Call: 9952427465 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters
Aron Power Corp No 47, Opp To CMS School, 4th Street, Krg Nagar, Ganapathy, Coimbatore - 641006 (Also serves Gadag,Karnataka)        Call: (0422) 6739072 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters
SreeNandheyes technology No 99/208, Ah Block 3rd Street 8th Main Road, Anna Nagar, Chennai - 600040 (Also serves Gadag,Karnataka)         Call: (044) 43436969, 9840337404   Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters
  Solar News: http://www.4-traders.com/TATA-POWER-COMPANY-LIMITE-9062790/news/Tata-Power-Company-Limited-Tata-Power-Registers-its-50-4-MW-Wind-project-at-Gadag-Karnataka-unde-16922066/ http://m.tata.com/article.aspx?var1=4pngQHFd55Q=     Bellary DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.39 6.71 6.97 6.40 6.29 5.40 4.58 5.06 5.93 5.64 6.00 6.06 5.95 16.29
  Uttara Kannada DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.58 6.96 7.03 6.67 6.03 4.13 3.77 4.00 5.23 6.00 6.47 6.55 5.78 15.82
  Haveri  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.55 6.96 7.09 6.60 6.23 4.67 4.35 4.58 5.43 5.90 6.33 6.55 5.93 16.23
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Shri Krishna Agencies "Opp LIC, P B Road Haveri, Haveri - 581110        Call: (08375) 234355 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters
Nuetech Nuetech, Kasturba Nagar, Kasturba Nagar Sirsi, Haveri, Haveri, Haveri - 581110         Call: (08375) 237658 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters
  Solar news: http://www.drikpanchang.com/eclipse/solar-eclipse-date-time-duration.html?l=10043 Davanagere  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.58 6.93 7.13 6.57 6.16 4.90 4.32 4.55 5.47 5.74 6.17 6.42 5.90 16.16
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Anu Solar Heater & Lightings Sri Lakshmi Ranganatha Enterprises, Near Munacipal Stadium, #1343/D Hadadi Road, Davangere,Karnataka - 577002         Call: 9901565759 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters ,Solar Fencing
M/S Ozone Marketing M/S Ozone Marketing, Shamanur Road, 2280/5, Mcc 'a' Block 7th Main Shamanur Road, Davangere, Davangere,karnataka - 577004         Call: (08192) 321352 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters ,Solar Fencing
Sun Solar System Sun Solar System, Mcc 'a' Block, #2106/4,'kumara Krupa' 3rd Main 3rd Cross Mcc 'a' Block, Davangere City, Davangere,Karnataka  - 577002       Call: 9845261823 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters ,Solar Fencing
Om Green Energy Products No 4/12, Near Ragavi Garden, Karatumadu, Saravanampatti, Coimbatore - 641035 (Also serves DAVANGERE,Karnataka)         Call: (0422) 6724079 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters ,Solar Fencing
KotakUrja(Kotak Solar) MuzamillBldg ., Near ShamanurShivashankarappa Hospital, K R Road, Davangere City, DAVANGERE,Karnataka - 577002        Call: 9060143006 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters ,Solar Fencing
Solar Steel Furnitures Binny Co Rd Davanagere, Binny Company Road Davangere, Davangere,karnataka - 577001 Call: (08192) 270168 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters ,Solar Fencing
  Solar news: http://www.eai.in/360/news/pages/8630 http://www.nriforumkarnataka.org/ppp-projects-in-karnataka-energy/ Shimoga DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.71 7.07 7.00 6.30 5.81 4.67 3.55 3.71 4.97 5.55 6.20 6.90 5.67 15.51
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Keshava Solar Systems Keshava Nilaya, Santhrupthi, 2nd Cross, Malavagoppa, Shimoga Ho, Shimoga,Karnataka – 577201; Call: (08182) 240464 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Sunlight Power Corporation "K. G. Shivappa Building, Church Road, Sagar Shimoga, Shimoga,Karnataka- 577401        Call: (08183) 220710" Solar panels, Solar InvertersSolar Lights
Aditi Enterprises "Opp Prithvi Mansion, 100 Feet Road, Vinoba Nagar Shimoga, Shimoga,Karnataka- 577201     Call: 9986614854" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Shridhar K B (Solar Energy Consultant) "B-696, Srinivasa Krupa, Opp. Nanjappa Hospital, Kuvempu Road, Shimoga Ho, Shimoga,Karnataka - 577201       Call: 9980529096" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Usha Kiran Agency "Hallapa Complex, Gandhinagar Main Road, Chennappa Layout, Shimoga Ho, Shimoga,Karnataka - 577201        Call: 9844069190" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Sun Marketing 2nd Cross, Durgigudi Shimoga, Shimoga,Karnataka– 577201; Call: 8095040758 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar water heaters
O R B Energy "Prabhu Complex, Shankar Mata Circle, B H Road, Hole Bus Stop, B H Road Shimoga, Shimoga - 577201         Call: 8182226646" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar water heaters
  Solar news: http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/this-professors-house-is-solarpowered/article3538657.ece http://www.eai.in/360/news/pages/4151   Chitradurga  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.42 6.93 7.03 6.43 6.16 5.23 4.42 4.64 5.32 5.58 6.00 6.39 5.89 16.12
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
SRI Manjunatha Solar Systems Chickpet Main Road, ChickpetChitradurga, Chitradurga - 577501         Call: (08194) 230370 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Selco Solar Energy No:22a, Main Road, Dodda Pete, Doddaullarthi, Chitradurga - 577537; Call: 9880715857 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Orb Energy PVT LTD (Chitradurga Branch) No. 1697/1537/3760, Opp. Ravi Nursing Home, Holalkere Road, Holalkere Road, Chitradurga - 577501; Call: (08194) 222476 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
  Solar News: http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/500-mw-solar-power-complex-to-be-set-up-in-chitradurga/article4269439.ece http://news.oneindia.in/2013/04/28/chitradurga-grasslands-illegally-diverted-1204144.html http://news.wooeb.com/1292032/a70079/kredl-chitradurga-solar-park-karnataka-construction-project-profile-new-market-research-report UdupiDAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.55 6.89 6.77 6.17 5.39 4.10 3.64 4.22 5.53 5.61 6.20 6.58 5.63 15.40
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Ridhi Renewable Energy Systems Rate this "No.2-1-82a5,Sri Rama, AdkadakatteRoad,Gundibail, Udupi Ho, Udupi ,Karnataka- 576101         Call: 9342410643" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Manipal Energy Centre "AlevoorRd,Shantinagar, Manipal, Udupi,karnataka- 576104        Call: (0820) 2573195" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Vijaya Solar Water Heaters Nh 17,Katapady, Udupi Ho, Udupi,karnataka - 576101;Call: (0820) 2557127 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Selco Solar Light PVT LTD "Vijayathara Complex, GundibailRoad,Kalsanka, Udupi Ho, Udupi ,Karnataka- 576101         Call: (0820) 2522223" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
  Solar News: http://www.daijiworld.com/news/news_disp.asp?n_id=160383 http://www.hindu.com/2010/01/14/stories/2010011459080300.htm http://www.daijiworld.com/news/news_disp.asp?n_id=166687 Tumkur  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
7.32 7.39 7.09 6.87 5.84 4.20 3.61 3.61 4.53 5.35 6.53 7.38 5.79 15.87
 
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Harsha Dealers B H Road Tumkur, TUMKUR,KARNATAKA - 572101         Call: 9164273733 Solar water Heaters,Solar panels, Solar Inverters
Orb Energy Branch #1, 1st Block, Near Tuda Office, Belagumbe Road, Kuvempunagar, BelagumbaTumkur, Tumkur, KARNATAKA - 572104         Call: 8162270599 Solar water Heaters,Solar panels, Solar Inverters
Poorvi Power System 2nd Cross, M G Road Tumkur, Tumkur, KARNATAKA - 572101      Call: 9448332986 Solar water Heaters,Solar panels, Solar Inverters
Technomax Solar Devices Pvt.ltd Sapthagiri,Extn, Sarnga T P Kailasam Road, 10th Cross, 2nd Link, Tumkur Ho, Tumkur, KARNATAKA - 572101        Call: 9449067290 Solar water Heaters,Solar panels, Solar Inverters
  Solar News: http://industrymonitor.in/karnataka/2013/01/surya-powers-new-a-solar-pv-plant-project-in-tumkur-district/ http://www.eai.in/360/news/pages/9747  Chikkaballapur  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
7.38 7.35 7.09 6.63 5.80 4.37 3.90 4.26 4.50 5.19 6.33 7.00 5.81 15.90
  Hassan DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
7.00 7.25 7.00 6.50 5.61 3.87 3.42 3.58 4.43 5.26 6.33 7.32 5.62 15.39
    Dakshinakannada  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
6.67 7.06 6.90 6.23 5.29 4.03 3.52 4..26 5.60 5.71 6.10 6.74 5.66 15.50
  Kolar  DAI data (KWh/m^2/day);Lat=17.71
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Avg PowerPotential  (lakh units per year)
7.36 7.38 7.09 6.57 5.74 4.40 3.93 4.35 4.53 5.22 6.09 6.93 5.81 15.90
   
Company Address Solar Products they deal with
Keshava Solar Systems Keshava Nilaya, Santhrupthi, 2nd Cross, Malavagoppa, Shimoga Ho, Shimoga,Karnataka – 577201; Call: (08182) 240464 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Sunlight Power Corporation "K. G. Shivappa Building, Church Road, Sagar Shimoga, Shimoga,Karnataka- 577401        Call: (08183) 220710" Solar panels, Solar InvertersSolar Lights
Aditi Enterprises "Opp Prithvi Mansion, 100 Feet Road, Vinoba Nagar Shimoga, Shimoga,Karnataka- 577201     Call: 9986614854" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Shridhar K B (Solar Energy Consultant) "B-696, Srinivasa Krupa, Opp. Nanjappa Hospital, Kuvempu Road, Shimoga Ho, Shimoga,Karnataka - 577201       Call: 9980529096" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Usha Kiran Agency "Hallapa Complex, Gandhinagar Main Road, Chennappa Layout, Shimoga Ho, Shimoga,Karnataka - 577201        Call: 9844069190" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar Lights
Sun Marketing 2nd Cross, Durgigudi Shimoga, Shimoga,Karnataka– 577201; Call: 8095040758 Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar water heaters
O R B Energy "Prabhu Complex, Shankar Mata Circle, B H Road, Hole Bus Stop, B H Road Shimoga, Shimoga - 577201         Call: 8182226646" Solar panels, Solar Inverters, Solar water heaters
  Solar news: http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/this-professors-house-is-solarpowered/article3538657.ece http://www.eai.in/360/news/pages/4151                 Solar Irradiation in Mangalore, Karnataka, India  
DNI of Mangalore, Karnataka
January 5.7
February 6.39
March 6.89
April 6.95
May 5.97
June 4.47
July 4.34
August 4.96
September 5.52
October 5.25
November 5.26
December 5.48
Annual Average  5.6
   
Lat/Long Information
  Latitude 12.910
  Longitude 74.85

Getting a PPA for Solar Power Plants in India Know More

Solar panel and inverter dealers in Mangalore, Karnataka, India Keerthi Solar Systems Mallikatta, Mallikatta, Mangalore - 575003 Call: (91)-(824)-2423832 Amma Enterprises Sinoor Complex, Bondel Main Road, Yeyyadi, Yeyyadi, Mangalore - 575008 Call: (91)-(824)-3253344 Solar India Inc 1/2 Old Palasia, 105 Apollo Arcade, Palasia Police Station, Indore, - 452003 Call: (91)-(731)-2560554, (91)-9870001401 Three Cone Marketing Services No.1-18/35, NH,17th Cross,Kottara Chowki Junction, Ashoknagar, Mangalore - 575006 Call: (91)-(824)-2455884 ==================================================================================================  Solar panel and inverter dealers in Hubli, Karnataka, India Saptagiri Solar Energy 13/1, Airport Road, Beside SBM, Hubli Gandhi Nagar, Hubli - 580030         Call: (91)-9845619470   Mayur Solar No.59/1, Nr Kempannavar Kalyana Mantapa, 2nd Crs, Vijaynagar, Hubli - 580032 Call: (91)-(836)-2252312 ================================================================================================== Karnataka Solar Energy Policy, Projects and Business Opportunities, karnataka solar incentives, subsidies, rebates, solar business opportunities in hotels, colleges, Steps Involved in Roof-top Solar PV System Designing with Battery Backup

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22 Comments

  • SureshS
    SureshS -

    Good summary Like

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Solar inverter : A business opportunity in India : Enecsys 

    Being one of the first companies to market with micro inverters, Enecsys believes its technology carries several competitive advantages including a life-span that matches that of the photovoltaic (PV) module and the ability to increase energy yield  between five and 20 per cent.

    Enecsys components are manufactured in the Far East and it has aTaiwanese operation as a result of its growth plan.

    Solar inverters are used to convert DC power from the PV cells into AC power for the electricity grid. Conventional devices use 'string' inverters to support a large number of panels, but are generally less efficient and their malfunction can effect the whole panel, unlike micro inverters which support one or two modules.

    Micro Inverters can, however, be harder to maintain, which is why Enecsys has, for what it claims is the first time, eliminated components that limit inverter life.

    The company will continue to work on re-engineering the inverters to drive the cost down further and will use the Series B money to hire staff that can do that.

    The Enecsys IP is based on patented technology developed at the University of Cambridge. The company has previously raised �8.5m, but has no plans for any more according to CEO, Henrik Raunkjaer.

    This last round was led by Climate Change Capital Private Equity who invested �11m and claims it is the largest fundraising round closed this year by any European cleantech company.


    The opportunity is to opt for

    a: Getting a manufacturing and marketing license from them

    b. Just become a marketing agent for India / Asia

    c. Invest in them so that they can start catering to the Indian markets too

    d. Start R & D activities to develop superior products.

    WWW.enecsys.com


    Like

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Marketing opportunity !
    You can market Silicon ink from Innovalight to solar cell manufactures in India.
    Contact innovalight.com sales@innovalight.com Like

  • anna
    anna -

    Karnataka to strengthen power supply, distribution
    The Government has taken steps to meet the power requirements in the State. In the next one year, nearly 1,500 MW of power is expected from various sources in the State. Of this, 600 MW will be contributed by Udupi Power Corporation Ltd, 500 MW from the Bellary thermal power plant and another 400-500 MW will be sourced from wind energy and mini-hydel projects, she said. 
    http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-and-economy/economy/article2118207.ece Like

  • shankar
    shankar -

    Orb energy is from Karnatakahttp://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/341159Orb Energy, Acumen Fund Announce Partnership to Address Energy Needs for Millions in India without Electricity

    Read more: http://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/341159#ixzz1PofeLDBn
    Like

  • Shweta
    Shweta -

    The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has warned of an impending energy crisis in Karnataka unless drastic steps are taken to keep pace with the development, and has suggested that the State concentrate on natural gas.

    �The energy deficit in Karnataka is already 10 to 12 per cent and addition to energy generation is not keeping pace with the development,� CII Karnataka State Council Chairperson S. Chandrasekhar told presspersons here on Thursday. Stressing the need for a specific energy policy to assess and plan for the State's requirement, he said natural gas, despite its high cost, could be looked at as getting coal was a problem. The proposed gas line to Bangalore, he said, had to be completely utilised for industrial development. Getting land in Karnataka had become tough, and one of the solutions was to develop Tier II cities. Besides, the State, instead of stressing on service sector, should also promote industry and agriculture for employment generation. South slipping? Mr. Chandrashekar's comments came after the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) Southern Region Chairperson T.T. Ashok said southern States had lost the edge in industrial development, registering growth rate below the national average. Stressing on accelerating inclusive growth and sustainable development in the region, Mr. Ashok expressed his concerns that investments were not coming faster and the region was slackening. Creating huge physical infrastructure, managing talent availability, time management in policy-making and implementation, and building the capacity in the industry to move up in the value chain were some of the challenges that need to be addressed in order to sustain south India's growth momentum. Infrastructure Infrastructure being the key to industrial development, Mr. Ashok said CII proposed a Chennai-Bangalore-Hyderabad industrial corridor on the lines of the Delhi-Mumbai corridor. Earlier, in the day CII leaders met Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa to discuss the prevailing industrial scenario and offered help for the 2012 global investors' meet.

    http://www.hindu.com/2011/06/24/stories/2011062462880800.htm Like

  • aadhithya
    aadhithya -

    Here is a link to a useful paper related to the above topic of discussion : http://princeton.academia.edu/MVRamana/Papers/264395/Least_Cost_Principles_and_Electricity_Planning_for_Karnataka

    Like

  • shafiq
    shafiq -

    If any one interested to install solar power plant in MW any place in India . plz contact me for European plant upto 100MW with quality warranty . we install in Europe more then 100plant. we have 30year experience..

    if any one interested plz contact me through my mail ID.

    mshafiq_ur_rahman@hotmail.com

    BR,

    Shafiq

    Like

  • Balaji
    Balaji -

    Dear Aathmika,

    Is it viable to start a solar cell (25MW) / Solar module (15 to 20 MW) plant in India now? What would be the pay-off period? Any idea abt it?


    Thanks & Regards,

    Balaji S
        Like

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Avoidable Balaji. 

    There are several opportunities that I have written about and posted in the club.
    You can look at them and do more research.

    SHIP, floating solar, etc Like

  • Balaji
    Balaji -

    Dear Aathmika,

    Is it viable to start a solar cell (25MW) / Solar module (15 to 20 MW) plant in India now? What would be the pay-off period? Any idea abt it?


    Thanks & Regards,

    Balaji S
        Like

  • Balaji
    Balaji -

    Dear Aathmika,


    We have two projects in mind now...one is in the range of 25 Crore investment, which includes working capital requirement and other with 100Cr to 125 Cr. investment (Debt & Equity Combined). We have had concluded on cell and module manufacturing, so far. However, after reading urs and various other articles, we are in a dilemma to choose a profitable biz. opportunity in renewable energy space. Can you share the details to my email id, if you know any?    Like

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Cell and module are avoidable !
    Whether it is Rs 25 or Rs 100 crores.

    You cant look at floating solar as it is meant for the rich and connected.

    YOu need to look at Offgrid products. 

    You may need to first look at the off grid products.
    In such a case, you may need to first get a list of the products and your compatibility with them.
    Then may be do a market feasibility study. Technical feasibility. 



     Also look at captive solar. And diesel to renewables or diesel replacement market. 
    Pl avoid cell and module. 
    http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nitin/blogs/6346
    Ther eis a blog in the club, listing all the module manufacturers. Talk to some of them if you dont trust me :-) Most of them can not be in good shape. 


    Post your feed back here. It can help all of us.
    Like

  • Joydeep
    Joydeep -

    Hi Balaji

    Am awaiting your ack.  Like

  • Shweta
    Shweta -

    By 2022 thanks to JNNSM India should have 20000 MW of solar power.
     To service  these a host of solar energy  trained technicians are required.
     The Karnataka Power Corporation Limited (KPCL), in collaboration with the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), New Delhi, launched the first batch of its training programme on Solar Photo Voltaic Grid connected power plants at its premises on Race Course Road this week. Like

  • Balaji
    Balaji -

    Hi,

    Sorry for this late reply, as i was away from India for the past 3 weeks. Btw, still we are in the discussion stage. My company has certain allied off grid solar products and we have a very good distribution network(typical solar kind of network) in India and across the world, hence, we thought of going for solar module plant, as we also require huge modules to supply along with our product. but, after reading all your articles, i need to go back to basics again to take a final call on this project. However, my company is very clear to start another renewable energy(we have a wind plant already) project and we welcome all your ideas in this regard. so, please help me with ur suggestions. Thanks. Balaji +91 98412 69555 Like

  • Arjun
    Arjun -

    Dear Aathmika,

    I am just amazed at the knowledge you have on all aspects of alternative energy.

    Over the last 4 years I have been challenging myself to live with the energy I can get from nature on a 1 acre farm. 

    I don't avail any govt subsidies so its been an expensive exercise.

    Its just that I am passionate about it.

    At the end of the day I have realized it is impossible to live without the mains supply.

    Solar and wind can only be used as a back up when there is a power cut. (like a generator or inverter ) and can never substitute the main power.

    This is basically due the cost of batteries, the care they require and finally need replacement every few years. There is no proper disposal or recycling facility. 

    Any solar and or wind generated power which requires to be stored in batteries is useless.

    This could be of application only in areas where there is 16 hrs or more of power outage. 

    I only find the solar water heater and the solar pump to be really cost effective devices, as there are no batteries involved, no maintenance and no running costs.

    I feel a lot more effort is required to be put into the solar water pump, it can bring about a revolution in India.





    Like

  • sureshbyaram
    sureshbyaram -

    Hi,

    We are planning to start a 5 MW solar power plant in Andhra pradesh.

    We have just started the field work and collecting required data for the same.

    Could you please pass your comments about the scope and future of solar power plants.

     

    Thanks in advance.

    Suresh Y

    Like

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Karnataka solar panel dealers

     



    Team Work Consultant & Engineers

    No.270, 6TH Cross, Domlur, Bangalore - 560071

    Call:             +(91)-80-66366550      

     

     

    Pai Power Solar

    No.3M-219, 2ND FLR, Opp Safal Market, Outer Ring RD, Kasturi Nagar, Bangalore - 560043

    Call:             +(91)-80-66817164      

     

     

    Enolar Systems Marketing Pvt Ltd

    http://images.jdmagicbox.com/bangalore/50/080papp20080912iro6636650/logo/4f8df23c890ca679b0af7d8dfae90597_t.jpg

    No.697, Opp Gandhi Park & Play Ground, 6TH MN, Vijayanagar, Bangalore - 560040

    Call:             +(91)-80-66491008      

    Eco Save India

    http://images.jdmagicbox.com/upload_test/bangalore/t2/080pxx80.xx80.090820142339.r2t2/logo/ad2538cf84f96a12f79da479a492fccf_t.jpg

    No.38, F3, Aishwarya Apt, Rest House Road, Off Brigade RD, Rest House Road, Church Street, Bangalore - 560001

    Call:             +(91)-80-66816879      

     

     

    Smarten Solutions

    http://images.jdmagicbox.com/upload_test/bangalore/b1/080pxx80.xx80.110714224830.k5b1/logo/84387448ac34d51d063e6de3ec04b8e2_t.jpg

    No.38, NR Coffee Board LYT ,Next To State Bank Of India, 2ND MN, 1ST CRS,Chinnappa LYT, Hebbal Kempapura, Hebbal, Bangalore - 560024

    Call:             +(91)-80-66536314      

     

     

     

    Lubi Electronics Unit Of Lubi Group

    Bright School, Sardar Patel Ring Road, Nana Chiloda, AHMEDABAD - 382330 (Also serves BANGALORE)

    Call:             +(91)-(79)-39845300      

     

     

     

    arkashakti solutions

    192 B,Flat No 4, 2ND Floor, Oppsite North Regional Cese Office, APC Road, Shyambazar, Kolkata - 700004(Also serves BANGALORE)

    Call:             +(91)-(33)-25554741      ,            +(91)-9143137563      

     

     

    Bombay Tubes & Poles Company

    Plot No 100, Behind Britania Biscuit Factory, Reay Road, 2ND Lane, Darukhana-Mazgaon, Mumbai - 400010(Also serves BANGALORE)

    Call:             +(91)-(22)-23729802      ,            +(91)-9820293211      

     

     

    Bons Light Pvt Ltd

    Plot No 564 Phase-2, Vatva Railway Station, Vatva Gidc, Ahmedabad - 382445 (Also serves BANGALORE)

    Call:             +(91)-(79)-40085253      ,            +(91)-9925244220      

     

     

    Ravisons Solar Energy Pvt Ltd

    Ravisons Solar Energy PVT LTD,NR Laxmi NGR Metro Station & Anil Properties,S-549,School Block 2,Shak, Shakarpur, Delhi - 110092 (Also serves BANGALORE)| 

    Call:             +(91)-9953714394      

     

     

    Solar India Inc

    1/2 Old Palasia, 105 Apollo Arcade, Palasia Police Station, Indore, - 452003

    Call:             +(91)-(731)-2560554      ,            +(91)-9870001401      

     

     

    Sunrize Solar Solutions

    Bharath Complex, Sathy Road, Ganapathy, Coimbatore - 641006 (Also serves BANGALORE) 

    Call:             +(91)-9842216804      

     

     

    Vespa Electrical & Co

    No.162, Nr Ananya Hospital Diagnally Opp, 19th Mn, 14th Crs, 1st Blk, Rajajinagar, Bangalore - 560010

    Call:             +(91)-(80)-41536883      

     

     

    Indosol Energy Pvt Ltd

    http://images.jdmagicbox.com/upload_test/bangalore/q6/080pxx80.xx80.100222144839.j6q6/logo/1a5922854e31f0528acd4a9c892a9835_t.jpg

    No.90, 1st Mn,3rd Crs, Banashankari 3rd Stage, Bangalore - 560085

    Call:             +(91)-9945529195      

     

     

    Jslan Solar Energy PVT LTD

    http://images.jdmagicbox.com/upload_test/bangalore/z3/080pxx80.xx80.100901130059.r9z3/logo/2d0e80cef6174017e96a470136f577f5_t.jpg

    No 18, Opp To Lamcy Super Market, 8TH Cross,Kaggadasapura Main RD, C V Raman Nagar, Bangalore - 560093

    Call:             +(91)-9686456724      

     

     

     

    Bright Engineers

    No.a-113, Ittina Mahavir Apts, Nxt To Wipro Campus, Neeladri Park Rd, Electronic City, Bangalore - 560100

    Call:             +(91)-9980012401     

     

     

     

    G C Solar Industries

    No.977, Ambedkar Engineering College, Papareddypalya, ITI Society Layout, Outer Ring Road, Nagarbhavi, Bangalore - 560072

    Call:             +(91)-(80)-23210848      

     

     

    Bhavish Group

    No.17/A, Vimalashri Vihar, Ramanamaharshi Road, Sadashivanagar, Bangalore - 560080

    Call:             +(91)-(80)-23616451      

    Also See : Solar Panel Manufacturers, Olive Oil Retailers, Solar LED Lantern Dealers

     

     

    Ecobiased

    No.1492, Agara Bus Depot, 20th Main, 11th Cross, Sector 1, HSR Layout, Bangalore - 560034

    Call:             +(91)-(80)-22589139      

     

     

    Renergon Sustainable Energy Systems

     

    Jayamahal RD, Palace Compound, Jayamahal, Bangalore - 560046

    Call:             +(91)-9900092376      

     

    Perfect Solars Bangalore PVT LTD

    No.16, Andrahalli Main Road, Byraveshwara Industrial Estate, Peenya 2ND Stage, Viswaneedam, Bangalore - 560091

    Call:             +(91)-(80)-28362515      

     

    Applied Materials

    Second Floor,Explorer Building, Whitefield Road , International Tech Park, Whitefield Main Road, Bangalore - 560066

    Call:             +(91)-(80)-66283123      

    E S Electronics ( India ) PVT. LTD.

    Plot No. 82, Kiadb Industrial Area, Anekal Taluk, Bangalore, Bommasandra Jigani Link Road, Jigani Hobli, Jigani Industrial Area, Bangalore - 562106

    Call:             +(91)-(80)-27839728      

    [Close]

    Name :

    Green Energy Solar



    Type :

    Distributor

    Services Provided :

    sales, services

    Address :

    17/18, Hanumanthappa Building
    Uttarahalli- Kengari Main Road

    City:

    Bangalore

    State :

    Karnataka

    Country :

    India

    Post Code :

    560061

    Phone :

    Mobile :

    +91 9632228011,

    Fax :

    Email :

    ge.solar08@gmail.com

    Contact Person :

    Mr. Ambaresh

    Solar panel agents Hubli

     

     

    Saptagiri Solar Energy

     

    13/1, Airport Road, Beside SBM, Hubli Gandhi Nagar, Hubli - 580030

    Call:             +(91)-9845619470  

        

     

     

     

     

    Like

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Solar Panel Dealers In Mangalore


    Three Cone Marketing Services

    No.1-18/35, NH,17th Cross,Kottara Chowki Junction, Ashoknagar, Mangalore - 575006

    Call:             +(91)-(824)-2455884      ,            +(91)-9886064135      

     

     

    Solar India Inc

    1/2 Old Palasia, 105 Apollo Arcade, Palasia Police Station, Indore, - 452003

    Call:             +(91)-(731)-2560554      ,            +(91)-9870001401      

     

     

    Amma Enterprises

    Sinoor Complex, Bondel Main Road, Yeyyadi, Yeyyadi, Mangalore - 575008

    Call:             +(91)-(824)-

     

    Keerthi Solar Systems

    Mallikatta, Mallikatta, Mangalore - 575003

    Call:             +(91)-(824)-2423832      

     

    Solar Panel Dealers in Hospet


    Entegra Limited

    1003, 10th Floor, Angal Bhawan, 16th K G Marg, K G Marg, Delhi - 110001 (Also serves HOSPET)

    Call:             +(91)-(11)-43588640      ,            +(91)-9212362222      

     

    1003, 10th Floor, Angal Bhawan, 16th K G Marg, K G Marg, Delhi - 110001 (Also serves HASSAN) 

    Call:             +(91)-(11)-43588640      ,            +(91)-9212362222      

     

     

     

     

    Like

  • rajeshshah
    rajeshshah -

    We are an Specialised EPC working with TIER 1 suppliers from around the world to offer world class solar power plants - roof top and MW projects. We offer customised solutions as well including bending solar panels and panels which can be rolled. We offer panels also if requested separately. Our focus is entirely on quality.

    We offer Solar water pump solution - starting from 35 W for Villages drinking water replacing the hand pump and micro drip irrigation systems.

    We offer WORLD CLASS SOLAR INNOVATIONS with our Portable / Mobile Solar inverter units of 1500 W and 450 W.
    Email us at rvs@evolveindia.in

    http://www.evolveindia.in
    (site under development) Like

  • bijalipur
    bijalipur -

    I have few investors who wanted to invest in solar power projects, looking for organization who can help them out to set up complete project.

    Regards,
    RP
    9739870007 Like

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