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Uttar Pradesh Solar Policy, , up solar rooftop, up solar incentives, up solar subsidies, up solar financial assistance, Steps Involved in Roof-top Solar PV System Designing with Battery Backup, cost of 1 mw solar and profits, subsidies in solar, Delhi solar, delhi solar policy, delhi electricity,

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                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.LATEST SOLAR NEWS AND VIEWS IN UTTAR PRADESH  


 

2.CAPITAL COST OF SOLAR  PV  MW SCALE POWER PLANTS 

   CAPITAL COST AS PER CERC  ,   CAPITAL COST OF TIER 1/ TIER 2  ,   BEST PRACTICES AND WORST PRACTICES ,   CAPITAL COST OF SOLAR THERMAL CPV/CSP /MICRO CSP


 

3.TWO ROUTES TO SOLAR POWER GENERATION :

   PPA / REC 

   PPA AND 3RD PARTY PPA ,   APPC PLUS REC  ,   THIRD PARTY PPA PLUS REC ,   CAPTIVE POWER PLANT PLUS REC 


 

4.IDEAL LAND FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS

   SOIL TESTING ,   CAPITAL GAINS TAX  ,   MODES OF ACQUIRING LAND FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS ,   LAND ISSUES ,   LAND CONVERSION PROCEDURE  AND FORM  


 

5.SOLAR POWER GENERATION PROJECT FINANCING

     LINKS TO BANKS THAT LEND LOAN FOR SOLAR ,   PRE FINANCING BY EPC COMPANIES ,   SUPLIERS CREDIT ,   EXIM FINANCING-LOW COST INTERNATIONAL FUNDING -  PRACTICAL !? ,   LIBOR  ,   NON-RECOURSE PROJECT FINANCING ,   COMMISSION FOR GETTING BANK LOANS   ,   LINKS TO BANKS THAT LEND IN UTTAR PRADESH


 

6.REC

   REC ACCREDITATION ,   REC REGISTERATION ,   REC TRADING  ,   REC - OBLIGATED ENTITIES  ,   REC NEWS.


 

7.APPC COST PER UNIT STATE WISE


 

8.ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION  

WHAT IS AD ? ,STIPULATION OF 31st March and 1st Sept  ,SUDDEN CHANGE OF DEPRECIATION POLICY ! ? ,HOW TO BENEFIT FROM AD ?


 

9.SUBSTATION LOCATIONS AND POWER GENERATION POTENTIAL


 

11.GRID CONNECTIVITY AND  EVACUATION PROCEDURE


 

12.SOLAR PARK : AVAILABILITY IN UP 

     ADVANTAGES  ,     DISADVANTAGES


 

13.STEPS FOR SOLAR CAPTIVE FOR FACTORY


 

14.SOLAR NEWS 


 

15.UP SOLAR POLICY

    ELIGIBLE DEVELOPERS ,    SOLAR POWER PROJECTS FOR CAPTIVE USE  ,    SOLAR POWER PROJECTS DIRECT SALE TO 3RD PARTY ,    SOLAR POWER PROJECTS FOR SALE THROUGH  RE(SOLAR) CERTIFICATE  MECHANISM  ,     OPEN ACCESS FOR THIRD PARTY SALE ,    MAIN ATTRACTIONS    


 

16.DESIGN OF ROOF TOP


 

17.OTHER SOLAR BUSINESS OPURTUNITIES


 

18.REGISTERED  SPV SUPPLIES 


 

19.DNI DETAILS SOLAR NEWS AND GENERATION POTENTIAL IN DISTRICTS IN UTTAR PRADESH


 

20.GROUND ZERO AND ENTIRE BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES


 

21.FAQ'S   


 

22. ALL  RELATED  LINKS

 


 

 

LATEST NEWS AND VIEWS  UP solar policy, Delhi solar policy

 

 

 

In an attempt to bury Delhi's unpredictable power situation once again and give it a temporary make-up instead of a permanent face-lift, Delhi lieutenant governor , Najeeb Jung has issued unjustified guidelines that will only add to Delhiites' woes.

On Sunday, Jung ordered that high mast halogen lamps in the streets be switched off during peak night hours with immediate effect, power supply to malls be cut-off after 10 pm and all government offices, including Delhi secretariat, as well as universities and colleges switch off their air conditioners between 3.30pm and 4.30pm in order to conserve power during peak hours of the day.

In Delhi during peak night hours, driving the streets into darkness can lead to an escalation of violence against women. According to figures recently released by the Delhi Police, between January and April this year, six women were raped and 14 molested every day in the national capital. Last year, the Delhi Police's mapping found 1,580 dark spots in the city. In such unsafe times, the state must immediately look towards using solar energy to improve street lighting in Delhi so that the city does not go dark during a power cut or during non-payment of bills. 

Pujarini Sen, Renewable Energy campaigner for  Greenpeace India expresses her concern saying,  "Asking Delhi to switch off lights in this sweltering heat is not only torturous but the switching off of streetlights post 10 pm is an imprudent decision in a city like Delhi, infamous for crimes against women," says Pujarini Sen, Campaigner, Renewable Energy, Greenpeace India. She further adds, "The Rs 1,000-crore Nirbhaya fund, which has remained unutilised, can be used in addition to state funds to provide sustainable and uninterrupted street lighting in Delhi," says Pujarini.

Heres the timeline of the power crisis in Delhi since the beginning of this year :

Greenpeace calls for Solar Energy in Delhi
Principal Secretary (Power) ArunGoyal , this year assured the state that discoms are capable of meeting the record power demand of 6100 MW in the first fortnight of June this summer. However, with sizzling temperature of 47.8 degrees Celsius pushing up demand, the city tripped at 5,600MW leading to a shortage of 400MW or 2-10 hours of power cuts across the capital.

Greenpeace demands that Jung look over the stop-gap arrangements and immediately call for implementation of the draft solar energy policy stuck with the state’s power department. According to ‘Rooftop Revolution’ a report released by Greenpeace last year detailing the state’s solar potential, out of 700 sq km of Delhi’s total built-up roof space, about 31sq km is available roof space that can be utilized to generate 2,557 MW electricity.

Delhi's solar potential in Greenpeace's Report: Rooftop Revolution - Unleashing Delhi's Solar Potential

Government Buildings

339 MW

Commercial Buildings

251 MW

Industrial Buildings

377 MW

Residential Buildings

1,243 MW

 

Prabu Pathanjali a renewable energy campaigner from Greenpeace India said that the  three major political parties in the state have time and time again committed to develop solar power in Delhi in their manifestoes as well as Greenpeace who in the last two years campaigned extensively with previous state governments to harness Delhi's immense solar potential to provide electricity to households and install solar-run streetlights. But no government has moved on it except on paper.

Delhi’s RPO targets and dismal achievements further reflect on the state’s lethargic attitude towards using renewable energy to tide over Delhi’s perennial electricity shortage.

Anand said, “Delhi, despite having a good potential for solar energy, set a meager RPO target of 4.8% this year. However, the discoms wrote back to the DERC in May stating they won’t be able to achieve it. Last year, the target was set at 2% but the actual achievement was a shocking 0.01%. In contrast, Tamil Nadu set a 9% target and achieved 19.14%,” 

“We have written to the previous governments demanding that under RPO guidelines in Delhi, all commercial and industrial enterprises be asked to source 25% of their electricity from renewable energy sources. If we see the current tariff rate, solar is already viable for commercial users like malls, however, there has been no compliance.”

 “The team that has gone to Gandhinagar to study the Gujarat model last week had visited the state two years back on the same pretext. A solar policy was even drafted last year but it got stalled in the power department and has been gathering dust for over six months now,” says Anand. 

“Irrespective of how many lights are turned off, there will be no end to power cuts unless generation and distribution of electricity is diversified and Delhi is made self-reliant via rooftop solar,” he adds.

Analysing the recent trend in electricity tariff in Delhi and the national average benchmark for solar power cost per unit :

Electricity Tariff Slabs (as per August 1st 2013)

Revised Tariff Slabs ( as on 1st Feb 2014

Slabs

Energy rate/ unit

Slabs

Energy rate/unit

0-200

3.90

0-200

3.90

201-400

5.80

201-400

5.80

401-800

6.80

401-800

6.80

Above 800

7.00

Above 800

7.00

       

Plus a surcharge of 8% on the overall bill

 

National Average Benchmark price of Solar is 6.49rs/kWh

 

source

 

 

 

 

*

Piyush Goyal reviews plans to restore Delhi power supply

 Power minister Piyush Goyal is reviewing measures to restore power supply in the capital on Saturday. Vast areas of Delhi were still without power after supply was disrupted by Friday's dust storm lashed the capital and it's surrounding areas. The power minister has called senior ministry and Delhi officials as well as discom executives to take stock of the situation, even as the met department has forecast the possibility of another dust storm in the next 24 hours.

 source

 

* Japan has provided 15,000 Crore loan for five project in Delhi , Including Solar: Will This Brighten Delhi Solar Industry??

 

Japan on Monday announced a Rs 15,000-crore official development assistance ( ODA) loan for five projects in India, including expansion of Delhi Metro and works related to wind and solar energy. Japan and India signed the ODA loan agreement for five projects totalling more than Rs 15,000 crore.

 

"This is the largest amount ever signed on a single occasion in the history of Japanese ODA," a Japanese Embassy statement said.

 

Elaborating on the projects, the statement said that the ODA loan has provided approximately Rs 8,933 crore to Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project ( phase 3) in order to enhance its transportation capacity.

 

. more..

 

 

 

Congress strikes over Power Hike in delhi: Congress abides aap model!?

 

Delhi Congress today said they will launch a series of agitations across the city if DERC allows power distribution companies to increase power tariff.

 

A delegation of Congress leaders, led by DPCC president Arvinder Singh Lovely, also met Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission (DERC) chairman and apprised him of party's stand on power tariff hike.more..

 


 

 *BJP against power tariff hike until CAG audit : following aap footsteps?

 

The BJP's Delhi unit today said that Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission (DERC) should direct the power companies not to increase tariff till the audit by the CAG is complete. more..

 


 

 

 

Dwarka metro station to get solar power plant : Delhi

 

In another green measure, Delhi Metro has become the country's first mass transit system to begin installing solar power plants on the roofs of its stations. The first 500 kwp 'Roof Top Solar Power Plant' is being installed at Dwarka Sector 21 metro station and is expected to be functional in six months. A Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) for installing the plant was signed between Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) and the developer, a multinational firm engaged in the installation and production of solar power worldwide, in the presence of DMRC's Managing Director, Mangu Singh and other officials. .Courtesy :Firstpost

 


 

 Canadian Solar to supply solar pv modules to set up 2.1MW solar power plant ar the Delhi International Airport

 

Canadian Solar Inc. (the "Company", or "Canadian Solar") CSIQ  0.25% , one of the world's largest solar power companies, today announced that it has been selected as the sole photovoltaic ("PV") module supplier for a 2.1MW solar power plant at the Delhi International Airport in India.We are very pleased to supply our high efficiency modules to this landmark solar power project at the Delhi International Airport, which is so far the largest airport solar project in India," commented Dr. Shawn Qu, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Canadian Solar. "This is another example of our success in supplying our high quality modules to rapidly growing emerging markets, as we successfully execute on our market diversification strategy."Canadian Solar PV modules were selected because of the high quality of its modules, the excellent in-field performance track record in India, and the Company's prior experience supplying modules to airport site solar power plants.The construction of this project started in October 2013 and was completed in December 2013. Canadian Solar supplied its 60 cell high efficiency CS6P245P modules with power output of 245Wp for this project. more..

 


 

  UP signs bids for 110MW  solar power plants

 

The UP Power Corporation Limited (UPPCL) has entered into an agreement withsolar power developers for purchasing 110mw of power. The agreement was entered in the presence of UP chief secretary, Javed Usmani, who said that under the state solar policy the state government will be setting up 500mw of power solar power plants in the state.

 

The New Energy Development Authority (NEDA) had invited bids for setting up of power plants compositely to the tune of 200mw. The authority had also put in place a competitive bidding process for power tariff from these power plants. Against this, the authority received bids for 130mw. On Friday, the UPPCL signed the agreement for 110mw power.

 

 

The solar power plants with which the agreement was signed included, 10mw by Azure Surya Private Limited, 50mw by M/s Essel Infra Project, 20mw by Moser Baer, 10mw by M/s Refex Energy, 10mw by M/s Jackson Power and 10mw to be set up by DK Infracon. All these power plants are proposed to be set up in Bundelkhand region. Usmani said that NEDA would soon invite bids for the rest 370mw.more...

 

 

 

Delhi: Regulator turns down discoms power tariff-hike plan 

 

The AAP EFFECT??

 

 The Delhi power regulator has turned down a request by the distribution companies to hike power tariffs in the Capital, a day before the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) chief Arvind Kejriwal takes oath as chief minister. This is probably the first time that a claim by the distribution companies has been turned down.

 

Distribution companies BSES Rajdhani Power Limited (BRPL), BSES Yamuna Power Limited (BYPL) and Tata Power Delhi Distribution Limited had sought the hike as power purchase cost adjustment (PPAC) which would have been effective for the quarter of January to March 2014. more..

 


 

 * Enerparc Sets Up 2.14MW Solar Array on Delhi Airport !!

 

 German engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) group Enerparc has completed a 2.14 MW solar installation at the Delhi International Airport in India.While two other airports in India have smaller-scale solar plants in operation, Delhi is the first to have a megawatt-scale, ground-mounted array, according to India's Hindu Business Line newspaper.The airport is considering a possible expansion of the solar system's capacity, the paper added. 

 

Other airports in India that are spread over vast areas of land may begin to similarly install large-scale solar farms, according to Business Line. The Hyderabad International Airport, for example, covers more than 5,400 acres (2,185.3 hectares) and could house a 25 MW system on its grounds.Howeer, glare analyses would need to be conducted before installing PV arrays on airport lands, Enerparc Chief Operating Officer Stefan Mueller told Business Line.source

 

 

 


 

 

 

*"CONSUMER INTREST TOP PRIORITY !!": UPERC CHAIRMAN!

 

The newly appointed chairman of UP Electricity Regulatory Authority (UPERC) Desh Deeepak Verma said on Thursday that consumer interest was top priority of the commission and strict action will be taken against distribution companies in case adequate attention is not give to them.more..

 

 

 

*1.5 CRORE OF PENDING ELECTRICITY BILLS OF POLITICIANS: UP!!!!

 

Usually people take utmost care of paying the electricity bill prior to the due date but, if in case it remains due for couple of months or three, it by default turns a headache for very commoner as electricity department can scissor your line anytime soon. But the case is complete reverse for our politicians. Though, they are not exempted of paying the electricity bill but they are not even asked to pay it! It is exposed recently that a whopping Rs 1.5 crores of electricity bill is due on MP’s and MLA’s in the Uttar Pradesh state to which no action has been initiated yet.MORE..

 

 

 

* NTPC POWER PRODUCTION INCREASES TO 41,684MW

 

State-owned NTPC on Tuesday said its installed power generation capacity has increased to 41,684 MW with the commissioning of another 500 MW unit at its Rihand project in Uttar Pradesh.MORE..

 

 

 

* DELHI METRO TO SET UP SOLAR POWER PLANTS IN STATIONS

 

 

 

The DMRC and the Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Tuesday to embark on the construction of solar power projects on premises of the Delhi Metro.SECI is a not-for-profit company under the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, whose objective is to develop Solar Technologies and solar power plants across the country.more..

 


 

 

 

 

 

 *INDIA'S FIRST NET ZERO BUILDING TO HAVE SUNPOWER'S HIGH EFFICIENCY SOLAR SOLUTION: DELHI

 

It is the new headquarters of the environment building

 

 SunPower Corp. , a global solar technology and energy solutions company, today announced that Swadeshi Civil Infrastructure has completed the installation of a 930-kilowatt (kW) SunPower solar system on the rooftop of the Indira Paryavaran Bhavan building in New Delhi. SunPower's high efficiency, most reliable solar solution was chosen for the project given its energy generation requirements and the limited rooftop area.more..

 


 

 

 

 

 

*DELHI ANNOUNCES 'PRODUCTION BASED SUBSIDY ' SCHEME!!!!!

 

 

 

This will be a successful scheme as 'net-metering' infrastructure will take a lot of time.The production based subsidy will trigger the rooftop market in Delhi. 

 

If you generate power from a rooftop solar project, the Delhi government will soon incentivize your efforts. A new solar policy upholds "production-based subsidy" which means that the government will pay you for the units of energy you save by using solar power. As of now, there is a "capital subsidy" scheme which involves a rebate of a fixed sum on installation of solar water heaters in Delhi. more..

 

 

 


 

 

 

*UP GOVT TO PROVIDE INCENTIVES TO SPEED UP  SOLAR PROJECTS17 AUGUST

 

  

 

In a bid to speed up the establishment of solar power projects by private developers, the state government is planning to do away with the requirement of seeking permission for "land use change" by willing developers.

 

Since such power plants require large areas of land, the government is planning to exempt them from "land ceiling" so that they can acquire more than 12.5 acres for projects without permission.

 

 The move came after some of the private players demanded exemptions, citing examples of other states where the governments either give the private developers land on lease as an incentive or exempt them from the requirement of taking permission for land use change. MORE..

 

 

 


 

 

 

 *DELHI GOVT APPROVES ELECTRICITY TARIFF SUBSIDY FOR DOMESTIC CONSUMERS

 

 

 

The Delhi government on Monday approved the subsidy for domestic consumers whose monthly consumption of power does not exceed 400 units. The subsidy announced by the government to buffer the impact of the recent tariff hike got a stamp of approval of the cabinet chaired by chief minister Sheila Dikshit on Monday. MORE..

 


 

 

 

*JAKSON POWER TO SET UP 10 MW SOLAR PLANT :UP

 

Jakson Power Solutions, announced that it has secured a new 10 mw solar IPP from government of Uttar Pradesh under its solar power policy announced in 2013.more..

 


 

*UP GOVT SIGNS 230 MW SOLAR POWER DEAL WITH SEVEN PVT POWER PLAYERS!!9th august

 

The state government finalisedagreements with seven private power players and a public sector undertaking to produce 230 MW of solar power. MORE..

 


 

 

 

*UP GOV SOLAR PPA AT RS 8.01 TO RS 9.33 FOR 12 YEARS FOR 130 MW 7 august

 

In its biggest investment so far, theSamajwadi Party government will enter into agreements worth Rs 2,300 crore with eight firms in the solar power sector on August 8more..

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL CAPACITY OF OVER 1759.43 MW GRID CONNECTED SOLAR POWER PROJECTS HAVE BEEN COMMISSIONED IN THE COUNTRY AS ON 31.05.2013: NSM

 

*SUKAM TO OFFER SOLAR ROOF-TOP SOLUTIONS FOR TATA POWER CUSTOMERS IN DELHI: NCR7 august 2013 

Power solutions provider Su-Kam on Tuesday said it has signed a preliminary agreement with Tata Power Delhi Distribution to offer its subscribers exclusive rates for rooftop solar power plant installations. more..

 

 


 

 

*DELHI CAN CROSS 2GW OF SOLAR ROOF TOP INSTALLATIONS BY 2020: GREEN PEACE30 july 2013

  Delhi could break the 2GW solar power barrier by 2020 due to plummeting costs, extensive roof space and the rising demand for electricity say Greenpeace. delhi could break the 2GW solar power barrier by 2020 due to plummeting costs, extensive roof space and the rising demand for electricity say Greenpeace.

According to a report co-authored by Indian think tank Bridge to India, solar installations would only need 1.6% of space in a city where land is expensive to provide enough energy to the city’s 17 million residents. more..

 

 *ENVIRONMENT MINISTRY HEADQUARTERS TO BECOME FIRST 'NET ZERO ' CONVENTIONAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BUILDING!!!14 july 2013 

  The country's first "net zero" conventional energy consumption multi-storey building - the new headquarters of theenvironment ministry - will be completed in Jor Bagh next month. The building will meet its annual requirement of 14 lakh units of electricity by generating solar power on the site. more.. - 

*JAKSON POWER TIES UP WITH STANDARD CHARTERED BANK SINGAPORE FOR 750CR INVESTSMENT IN SOLAR: INDIA!!11 july 2013 

 

 

Targeting a doubling of revenue to Rs 2,500 crore by March 2016, Jakson Power Solutions plans fresh investments of Rs 750 crore in in providing solar energy solutions across India in the next three to four years.

 

The company has so far invested Rs 200 crore on its 20 MW solar power plant set up near Jodhpur, Rajasthan, Sameer Gupta, Managing Director,more..

 

 

*MORE THAN 11000 LED TYPE SOLAR STREET LAMPS TO BE INSTALLED IN UP, TO BE OVERSEEN BY UPNEDA  OFFICIALS 9th july 2013

 

UP state government has approved Rs 40 crore to install solar-powered street lights in the state. Jawed Usmani, the Chief Secretary of the state has asked officials of the UP New Energy Development Authority (UPNEDA) to ensure that the Centre grants another Rs 29 crore for the scheme. During a review meeting, he said, the LED-type street lights will be installed in different districts of Uttar Pradesh as well as in around 2,000 Lohia grams.  

 

Overall, more than 11,100 solar street lights will now be installed during the financial year 2013-14. Mr. Usmani has asked UPNEDA officials to oversee that government orders pertaining to finances, associated subsidies and policy decisions are put in place. more..  

*ALLAHABAD HIGH COURT ORDERS POWER SUPPLY TO BE PROVIDED IN EQUITABLE MANNER: UTTAR PRADESH.9th july 2013

The Allahabad High Court has held that 24-hour power supply to certain districts and cities in the state because of “VVIPs and protocol” was “arbitrary, illegal and illogical”.more..

 

 

*UP DECIDES TO ATTRACT PRIVATE INVESTMENTS FOR SOLAR PROJECTS BY OFFERING COMPETITIVE TARIFF9 th july 2013

 

 The Uttar Pradesh government has decided to attract private investment in the solar power generation sector by offering competitive tariff to those willing to establish such plants in 13 months' time. The condition will be to directly sell power generated to UP Power Corporation Ltd for 10 years.  

Sources said that the New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (NEDA) has been given the task to take up "tariff-based competitive bidding" for purchase of 200 MW power from solar photovoltaic projects to be established in the state.  

The solar power generation in the state is only around 13 MW. That essentially comes through small projects and the average rate provided for purchase through grid is around Rs 5. In the competitive bidding, the companies will offer tariff at which they will be able to provide solar power to the state, taking into account their investment.

The UPPCL will then enter into a 10-year power purchase agreement with the firms offering the lowest tariffs. States like Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Tamil Nadu have adopted the model.

In the first phase, Uttar Pradesh has decided to only offer to bear the expenditure on the construction of transmission line and substation for projects that will come up in the Bundelkhand region. For the rest of the state, this cost will be borne by the developer. Sources said that in the pre-bid meeting that took place recently, some of the companies demanded that land also be given by the state government on lease basis as an incentive since land acquisition is a cumbersome process.

more..

 

 

  

 

  2.COST OF A 1 MW SOLAR POWER PLANT :ESTIMATE

 

 costs for Solar PV projects as recommended by CERC:

 

COST OF 1MW WITH CNPV/ CSUN 

 

COST OF A 1MW SOLAR PLANT WITH TIER2 PANELS & PRACTISES

 

 

 

  

 

COMPANIES INTERSTED IN SETTING UP A SOLAR POWER PLANT ,

 EMAIL  mano@eai.in 

 CALL MANOHAR   91 90435 39679

 


 

 3.Two routes in which you can produce solar power PPA &REC:

 

PPA Projects

 Through competitive bidding 

Average but fixed returns 
Minimum 5 MW 
Allotment not assured 
No trading 
Fixed tariff 
Limited allotments 

 No Accelerated Depreciation benefit.

 Viable only to companies/ countries with lower 

 time value for money.

 

REC Projects

 Open access

High but variable returns
Any capacity above 500 Kw
Allotment is assured
Certificates to be traded
Variable tariff
Unlimited allotments due to huge demand

Accelerated benefit can be availed 

 

 

 

Companies Intersted in setting up a solar plant Call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email <mano@eai.in>

 

 

 

STATES LIKE RAJASTHAN , MAHARASHTRA AND MADHYA PRADESH ARE LEADING IN REC MECHANISM

 

REC based Solar PV Accredited Capacity

(23.04.2013)

 

PPA AND THIRD PARTY PPA

 

Third Party PPA is a power purchase agreement which a developer can use and claim REC. Third party PPA rec is normally got by goverment authorised power trading companies. Companies that set up large solar plants of size 10MW and above, can approach these comapnies to avail the 3rd party PPA for their solar project in UTTAR PRADESH.The current third party PPA for solar power doing the rounds in UTTAR PRADESH is Rs 4.50 - 5 per unit with 5%  escalation once or twice a year. This  third party PPA is available for 5 and 10 years tenure. Companies that avail 3rd Party PPA  for thier solar project in UTTAR PRADESH can also avail REC benefits.

 

List of inter-State trading licensees or power trading trading companies :

These companies are eligible to provide third part PPA  . Third party PPA plus REC route provides probably the best revenue model  among the other sources of revenue in Solar energy power generation.Companies in uttarpradesh desirous of monetizing, having strong balance sheets and are capable of investing in large projects like 15MW and above can reach out to them to get a third party PPA. 

COMPANIES INTRESTED IN SETTING UP A SOLAR POWER PLANT

EMAIL mano@eai.inor

call manohar   91 90435 39679

The power trading companies are divided into four categories and the list is  given below.

(15.3.2013 )  

CATEGORY I

Tata Power Trading Company Ltd.  

 Adani Enterprises Ltd.  

PTC India Limited  

Reliance Energy Trading Ltd.  

NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd.  

National Energy Trading and Services Ltd

 GMR Energy Limited  

 Karam Chand Thapar & Bros. (Coal Sales) Limited 

JSW Power Trading Company Limited

 Shree Cement Limited   

Global Energy Private Limited

Knowledge Infrastructure SystemsPvt. Ltd.  

GMR  Energy Trading Limited 

SN Power Markets Pvt. Ltd., Noida  

CATEGORY II

RPG Power Trading. Co. Ltd.  

Mittal Processors Private Limited  

MMTC Limited  

CATEGORY III

Patni Projects Pvt. Limited .

Instinct Infra & Power Ltd. 

Essar Electric Power Development Corporation Limited  

DLF Power Limited 

Jindal Steel & Power Limited  

Vandana Global Limited 

Indiabulls Power generation Limited 

Indrajit Power Technology Pvt. Ltd.   

Jain Energy Ltd. 

PCM Power Trading CorporationLtd., Kolkata  

Jay Polychem (India) Limited, New Delhi .

My Home Power Limited,Hyderabad.

Manikaran Power Limited, Kolkata  

BS TransComm Ltd., Hyderabad  

DLF Energy Private Limited,Gurgaon 

Sarda Energy & Minerals Ltd.  ?

CATEGORY IIII

Subhash Kabini Power Corporation Ltd.  

Special Blasts Ltd.  

Maheshwary Ispat Limited  

Suryachakra Power Corporation Ltd.  

Visa Power Limited.

Pune Power Development Private Limited  

 Ispat Energy Limited 

Greenko Energies Private Limited   

 Vandana Vidhyut Limited 

 Adhunik Alloys & Power Ltd.  

Indiabulls Power Trading Limited  

 Ambitious Power Trading Company Limited   

Shyam Indus Power Solutions Pvt. IV  Ltd. 

Abellon Clean Energy Limited, Ahmadabad  

Customized Energy Solution  India Private Limited, Pune  

GEMAC Engineering Services Private Limited, Chennai   

Greta Power Trading Limited .

Green Fields Power Services Private Limited, Visakhapatnam  

HMM INFRA LIMITED, Chandigarh .

 

 

 .

 

The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) has  released (apr 2013) a second set of (draft) amendments to their REC guidelines. 

  • REC and Reverse Bidding/Tendering – Projects which have signed a PPA through any state tendering mechanisms (reverse bidding) would be ineligible for procuring RECs. The objective of REC is to fund the gap between APPC and the viability.
  • APPC –  The guidelines now clarify that the PPA would have to be signed at a price equal to the APPC price which was prevelant the previous year.
  • Electricity duty and captive generators -  CERC has now proposed to remove the electricity duty exemption as a disqualification criterion as the quantum of contribution to final tariff is quite miniscule. The other criteria for disqualification such as concessional wheeling/banking would still be in force.

 

  • Time period for availing RECs – current regulations state that there is a three month time window after approval from the SLDC to get the required clearance from the central agency. However since the receipt of information from the SLDC sometimes takes more than three months to reach the central agency, it has been proposed to extend the window to six months. In addition to this, currently the application for receipt of the certificates can be made only on the 1st and 15th of each month. This has been revised to the 10th, 20th and last day of each month.
  • No cap on minimum capacity – previously, it was proposed that RE power plants with a capacity of 250 kW and above would only be eligible for certificates under the REC mechanism (subject to approval by MNRE) even though the CERC guidelines do not dictate a minimum requirement. CERC has clarified that there is no minimum capacity and that ANY RE generator would be eligible to claim REC provided they satisfy the prescribed criteria.
  • Retention of RECs –  CERC has now clarified that all RECs generated through a RE captive power plant can be retained by the developer (to fulfill their obligations) thereby reducing the overheads which is subject to verification by the SNA.
  • Shelf-life of RECs – as reported earlier, RECs would now have a shelf-life of two years as opposed to one year and the regulations would be amended accordingly.
  • Date of issuance – any powerplant setup under the REC mechanism would be eligible for RECs from the date of commercial operation or from the date of registration of such plant by the Central Agency whichever is later.

 

All RE Generators are requested to pay fees & charges related to Registartion/Issuance inclusive of service tax @12.36% with immediate effect:

1. The details of fees and charges of REC payable to Central Agency are as under:

Registration Charges

Sr.No.

Fee and Charges towards Registration

Amount in Ammount in Rs.

Amount including Service @ 12.36% Ammount in Rs.

1.

Application Processing Fees (One Time)

1,000

1,124

2

Registration Charges (One Time)

5,000

5,618

3

Annual Charges

1,000

1,124

4

Revalidation Charge at the end of five (5) years

5,000

5,618

Issuance Charges (Service tax @12.36% will be applicable on total amount)

Sr.No.

Fee and Charges towards Issuance of REC

Amount in Ammount in Rs.

1.

Fees per Certificate

10

All fees and charges shall be payable by way of Electronic Clearing System (ECS) only and Payment shall be made as per the details given below

Sr.No.

Name of the Account Holder

Account No

Account Type

Bank Name

Branch Name and Code

IFSC Code

PAN of POSOCO

1.

NLDC REC FEES & CHARGES

931764650

Current Account

Indian Bank

Mehrauli Institutional Area & 943

IDIB000M089

AAFCP2086B

Companies Intersted in setting up a solar plant Call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email <mano@eai.in>

 

Rocky lands are not ideal for solar power generation.Many times soil testing of the land is done before deciding the feasibility

Ideally the land has to be very close to a substation. 11 kva, 33 kva, 66 kva, 132 kva, etc

For a 1 mw plant 11 kva is ok.

For each km the substation is away from your land, one has to incur about Rs 10 /12 lakhs for

laying the transmission lines. Better than that is to buy up the land between your land and the substation.

If there is some land between your land and the substation, there will ROW ie right of way issues.

Download google earth and note the longitude and latitude of your land.

If you inform the above information a good Consultant will be able to assess the potential number of units that can be produced per annum

With the above information, it is possible to make the feasibility report for the state nodal agencies, as well as detailed project report for the banks for solar

power generation business.

CAPITAL GAINS TAX

At times some land brokers buy agricultural land and sell and want to sell it of as agricultural land itself to avoid short term capital gains tax. It is adivisable for the potenial developers to buy the converted land by sharing the short term capital gains tax with land broker.

 


 MODES OF ACQUIRING LAND FOR SOLAR POWER GENERATION

 Got Land for Solar power generation !!

Those of you who have large acres of non cultivable lands in uttar pradesh State near substations and do not have the resources to develop a solar power plant, can register their lands here for 

a. out right sale, b. lease for 26 years c. partnership with the power plant and d. any other suggestion from the land owner

We need the following information. Wherever u dont know the information, pl write 
'I dont know'

Exact location of the land: Address of land including district and taluk, 

Total area in acres

Boundaries marked in google map or in google earth: Mark your land in 
google map/ google earth and email along with this form.

Right of way. ( ROW)*

Proof  of its ownership. 

Name, address including district and taluk,  mobile no

DNI of the location: If you dont know, send us the longitude and latitude of the lands
( If you dont know, how to get this, say : I dont know)

Type of the land in gov records. 

  • **Agricultural/ non agricultural/ barren/ rocky/industrial/ waste/ dry/ anyother specify
  • KVA rating of substation nearby and distance.
  • Capacity available in the substation
  • List of solar projects in the neighbourhood, if you know.
  • Rate  per acre. ie current market price of land available nearby, adjoining your land
  • Expected sale  price : minimum price expected per acre.
  • Open for partnership:Open for leasing for 26 years ? Yes / No
  • Are there lands available nearby : how many acres: how much do these lands cost

    * ROW - if you have direct access to the substation, it is fine. But if electricity produced has to go thru the neighbouring lands, that means 
    you have a ROW issue.

    ** 
    Agricultural lands are not permitted to set up a solar plant, even if there is  no water and no agriculture has been done for years.

If you are going to convert, your land from agricultural land to any other, say so. 

 

 

LAND CONVERSION APPLICATION FORM

COMPANIES INTERSTED IN SETTING UP A SOLAR POWER PLANT ,

 EMAIL  mano@eai.in 

CALL MANOHAR   91 90435 39679

 

5.Solar Power Project Financing

Various options available for getting funding for your Solar Power projects are,

1) Asset / Collateral  based Funding
2) Balance Sheet based Funding
3) Project   Funding


1) Asset Based Funding: Individuals and Companies
In asset based funding the lender provides loan for  solar power plants based on valuation of the assets that your company has or you  have and that you can offer as collateral security for the loan.

You can even get 100 % funding depending upon the value of the collaterals.

Normally for most projects, the banks may demand 30 % equity and loan can be given for 70%.

Some banks in Hyderabad , demand 35 % equity. But if the value of the collateral is high, it can be as said before, 100 % loan..

Many banks ask for Urban property as collateral. It is not actually necessary. Once the banks get used to the performance of solar power generation plants, they will minimise the need for collaterals.

Already many  banks are accepting less than 70 % of collaterals when the projects are pledged.

2) Balance Sheet Based Funding: Companies only
The profit that your company has made in the last three years. The reserves and surplus it has etc will be taken into account and the bank can then fund.

Companies that can avail Accelerated Depreciation  for solar power generation will find it easier to avail loans and lower rates.

Companies should note that it is not a fixed rate of interest. Good rapport based on good performance in the past can bring the interest percentage down.

3)Project Funding: Companies and Individuals
 The projected cash flow of the project or more specifically the PPA will determine  the  decision to fund.  Payment security is important.
Many of these types of funding can be got from India as well as from abroad.

With hedging the cost of international funds also tend towards 11% . Indian banks are now getting closer to 12.5 % and if the asset / balance sheet / ppa are sound one could look at lower rate of interest.

The project cash flow is much better in companies that can avail accelerated depreciation for solar power generation. 

COMMISSION FOR GETTING BANK LOAN

There are many Chartered Accountants who help individuals form a company and they also act as agents to get bank loans.

Commission for getting bank loan is approximately  1- 2% at present in Uttar Pradesh.

These agents normally help put the loan application for solar power generation plant and submit with two to three banks. This helps them get the best interest rate for solar power generation plants in AP.

For companies, this may not be the ideal route, as they themselves will have a finance /accounts department with access to several banks. Whereas for individuals and NRI's, it makes more sense to go thru such chartered accountants who also help get loans, than trying it on their own.

Individuals, can try on their own, if they have 30% or more equity and or good collaterals. They can then go to more than one bank and try to get the best rate of interest.

 

 

 

Solar Power Project Financing:

Various options available for getting funding for your Solar Power projects are,

1) Asset / Collateral  based Funding
2) Balance Sheet based Funding
3) Project   Funding


1) Asset Based Funding: Individuals and Companies

In asset based funding the lender provides loan based on valuation of the assets that you have and that you can offer as collateral security for the loan.

You can even get 100 % funding depending upon the value of the collaterals.

Normally for most projects, the banks may demand 30 % equity and loan can be given for 70%.

Many banks ask for Urban property as collateral. It is not actually necessary. Once the banks get used 

the performance of solar power generation plants, they will minimise the need for collaterals.

Already some banks are accepting less than 100 % of collaterals when the projects are pledged.

2) Balance Sheet Based Funding: Companies only

The profit that your company has made in the last three years. The reserves and surplus it has etc will be taken into account and the bank can then fund.

Companies that can avail Accelerated Depreciation  for solar power generation will find it easier to avail loans and lower rates.

Project Funding: Companies and Individuals
 The projected cash flow of the project or more specifically the PPA will determine  the  decision to fund.  Payment security is important.
Many of these types of funding can be got from India as well as from abroad.

With hedging the cost of international funds also tend towards 11% . Indian banks are now getting closer to 12.5 % and if the asset / balance sheet / ppa are sound one could look at lower rate of interest.

The project cash flow is much better in companies that can avail accelerated depreciation for solar power generation. 



A. CONSTITUTION:

 

A unit can be started in any one of the following constitutions i.e. (1) Sole Proprietary Concern, (2) Partnership Firm, (3) Private Limited/Limited Companies, (4) Societies.

 

 

 

GENERAL REQUIREMENT CONSTITUTION-WISE

 

1. In case of Sole Proprietory Concern

 

Bio-data of the proprietor by way of copies of PAN Card/ Passport/ Voters identity card/ Bio-data with photo and signature attestation by Gazetted Officer/Bank Manager.

 

 

 

2. In case of Partnership Firm

 

a. Copy of Partnership Deed

 

b. Copy of Firm Registration Certificate

 

c. Extract of Form-A from Registrar of Firms (for old firms and in case of additional loans) regarding existing partners as on date.

 

d. Bio-data of partners by way of copies of PAN card/passport/voters identity card/bio data with pass port photograph and signature duly attested by Bank Manager/Gazetted Officer.

 

3. In case of Companies

 

a. Memorandum & Articles of Association.

 

b. Bio-data of Promoter Directors affixing colour photo and duly attested by Bank Manager/Gazetted Officer/Copies of PAN Card/Copies of Passport./voters identity card.

 

c. Resolution of Board of Directors of the company authorising two directors to raise loans from agencies and sign necessary loan security documents and affix common seal thereof.

 

d. Copy of certificate of incorporation if it is a Private Limited Co.

 

e. Copy of Certificate of Incorporation and Commencement of Business in the case of Limited companies.

 

f. Copy of General Body Resolution u/s.293 (i) (d) of Companies Act in case of Limited Companies, permitting the company to borrow in excess of paid-up capital and free reserves and Resolution u/s.293 (1) (a) of Companies Act for mortgaging the fixed assets of the company in favour of the Corporation.

 

g. Consent letters from the Directors about furnishing of their personal guarantee with copies of property documents.

 

h. Search Report from CA/Extract of register of charge from ROC in case of existing companies and companies seeking additional loans.

 

 

 

B. PRIMARY SECURITY:

 

The primary security can be either leasehold interest or freehold interest . If the unit is going to be started in a leasehold premises, it is called leasehold and if the unit is going to be started in own premises, it is called freehold.

 

 

 

In case unit is coming up in a leasehold premises, the Corporation will insist for equitable mortgage of leasehold interest. If there is no loan on civil works, the lease period shall be repayment period plus two years. If loan is provided on the civil works then lease shall be for a period of 30 years. Please note that lease for any period is compulsorily registerable affixing required stamp duty. Then the documents that are required are as under:

 

a. Registered Lease Deed in the standard format given by agencies for the period prescribed in the sanction letter i.e. loan period plus two years if no loan is provided on civil works and if loan is sanctioned on civil works, 30 years lease deed is required.

 

b. Copy of lessor title deed in proof of ownership and in the absence of title deed, revenue records or ownership certificate issued by local Government or property tax receipts.

 

For creation of equitable mortgage in case of freehold interest in land and buildings.

 

If vacant land is acquired and buidings are to be constructed:

 

a. Original Regd. title deed in the name of the Proprietor/ Firm / Company along with certified copy having clear approach road.

 

b. Pattadar Pass Book/title deed issued by MRO/RDO in the name of the proprietor/firm/company/society.

 

c. Original/Copies of link documents (Vendor’s title deed) pertaining to the property under the scheme along with copies of Pass Book and Title Deed reflecting the sale entry. If pass book and title deeds are not issued, a certificate from MRO to that effect is required.

 

d. Extracts of revenue records i.e. Khasra Pahani for 1954-55

 

f. E.C for 13 years (or) from the date of document if title deed is of beyond 13 years to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.

 

g. ULC permission u/s.26/exemption under ULC Act as the case may be in case the land is within urban agglomeration.

 

h. Permission from Urban Development Authority/ Building Plans if the site is within the Master Plan of Urban Development Authority.

 

i. Affidavit by promoters to the effect that there are no court cases pending against the property under the scheme.

 

 

 

C. COLLATERAL SECURITY:

 

Generally, the Corporation insists for Collateral Security and the percentage of Collateral Security is dependent upon the location and the nature of industry and the nature of loan. Also the Corporation insists for preferably urban immovable property towards Collateral Security and preferably belonging to the borrowers. The Collateral Security can be either in the form of vacant land, house, apartment, fixed deposits, Bank Guarantee.

 

 

 

If it is vacant land:

 

a. Original Regd. title deed in the name of the surety along with certified copies.

 

b. Original link documents (Vendor’s title deed). 
c. Extracts of revenue records i.e. Khasra Pahani for the year 1954-55 

 

e. E.C for 13 years from the date of document and in case title deed is beyond 13 years from the date of document to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.

 

f. ULC permission u/s.26/exemption under ULC Act as the case may be in case the land is within urban agglomeration.

 

g. Copy of the Approved Layout/Sketch drawn by Mandal Surveyor demarcating the site/plot with Sy.No and boundaries and a land mark for identification.

 

If it is house:

 

a. Original Regd.Conveyance Deed along with certified copy.
b. All the relevant Link Documents.
c. EC for 13 years (or) from the date of document in case title deed is beyond 13 years to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.

 

d. Tax Demand & Receipt/Ownership Certificate/ Extract of property tax demand register for the last 13 years.

 

e. Approved building plans from Competent Authority.

 

If it is an Apartment:

 

a. Original Registered Sale deed in the name of the surety.

 

b. Copy of the development agreement and link documents.

 

c. Copy of the approved building plan.

 

d. Encumbrance Certificate for the last 13 years.

 

e. It shall be established that the original title deeds of the project are not mortgaged to bank or any financial institution availing project finance, by way of declaration from Builder/Landlord.

 

f. Mutation in favour of the surety.

 

g. Tax Demand and Receipt / Ownership certificate/ EPPDR.

 

If it is FDR:

 

a. The beneficiary/payee of fixed deposit should give a consent letter for pledging the fixed deposit with the Corporation as Collateral Security in consideration of sanction of loan to the unit to which the security is being offered.

 

b. The beneficiary/payee of the fixed deposit should also assign the proceeds of fixed deposit in favour of the Corporation by a proper endorsement by the concerned bank.

 

c. A discharge voucher from the beneficiary/payee of fixed deposit duly affixing necessary revenue stamp (without mentioning the date) on the backside of the FDR.

 

 

 

If it is Bank Guarantee:

 

The collateral security can be offered by the borrower by way of Bank guarantee also in such a case the following documents shall be submitted:

 

1 Bank guarantee executed by the concerned Bank on required stamp paper by the authorized signatories of the Bank affixing their rubber stamp containing the serial number of the signatory as per the Bank rules.

 

2 A confirmation copy shall be forwarded by the Bank Manager to the Corporation in a sealed cover by post.

 

3 A letter from the Bank that they will pay the amount in case the Bank guarantee is invoked in time.

 

4 If the amount guaranteed is Rs.1.00 lakh and above, the Guarantee Agreement shall be signed by 2 Authorised Officers of the Bank.

 

D. GENERAL GUIDELIENS:

 

a. If the borrower is proposing to purchase the property standing in the name of minor, permission from the Court shall be obtained.
b. For purchase of land, which is an Inam land, occupancy certificate/Form-B patta from competent authority shall be obtained.

 

c. Assigned lands should not be purchased without prior written permission of RDO.

 

d. For purchase of joint family property, the borrower should ensure that all the co-parceners of the vendor family join in the execution of the sale deed.

 

e. For purchase of lands covered under Master Plan of the respective Urban Development Authority, the borrower shall ensure that the proposed land is falling within the Industrial Zone.

 

f. If the borrowers are seeking loans on land & buildings, the borrower shall purchase the lands in the name of proprietor/firm/company/ society as the case may be.

 

g. Generally, the Corporation will not accept third party collateral security.

 

 

 

The following are the loan security documents to be executed by the borrowers in favour of the Corporation and the required documents for a particular loan are to be taken from amongst the documents mentioned below:

 

1. Deed of Hypothecation
2. Memorandum of Deposit of Title Deeds
3. Guarantee Agreement
4. Loan Agreement
5. Promissory Note
6. Assignment of Development Rights

 

 

 

SANCTION

 

 

 

  • Brief project report
  • Copy of ssi registration certificate
  • Bio-data of proprietor / partners / directors with 2 pasport size colour photographs as per proforma alongwith copies of certificates regarding academic qualifications, experience etc.
  • Solvency declaration of proprietor / partners / directors as per proforma (on rs.20 non-judicial stamp paper)
  • C0py of partnership deed & firm registration in respect of firms/memorandum and articles of association & certificate of incorporation in respect of companies.
  • Copy of land sale deed/ sale agreement / allotment letter of apiic ltd.
  • Building plans (approved plans in respect of hotels/nursing homes/commercial & residential complexes proposals)
  • Civil estimates
  • Letter from the lessor expressing willingness to let out the building and execution of regd. Lease agreement for 7 years in the unit is proposed in leasehold buildings with rough plan.
  • Quotations for machinery and equipment from standard suppliers alongwith comparartive quotations.
  • Copy of panchayat / municipal approval.
  • Copy of power feasibility letter from a.p.transco.
  • Copies of collateral security property documents.
  • Working results (audited balance shdeets and profit & loss accounts) for the last 3 years in respect of existing units and the provisional for the current year with all schedules.
  • Working results (audited balance shdeets and profit & loss accounts) for the last 3 years of associated concerns of promoters.
  • Particulars of available assets (land, buildings, machinery) in respect of existing unit.
  • Other details such as raw material & market tie-ups, technology tie-up with background of technical consultant etc.
  • Other details such as raw materials and slaes invoices, list of major customers, particulars of orders on hand etc.
  • Service charge @ 0.5% of loan applied 12.36% service tax on the service charges at the time of filing the application.
  • Upfront fee @ 0.5% of the loan sanctioned 12.36% service tax on upfront fee at the time of first disbursement.


Steps involved

1) Register a company (Proprietorship or Partnership or Pvt Ltd or Public Limited) for setting up Solar power Project. Get accredition. Get registered with mnre. Preferred for REC projects.

2) Open a bank account in the new company name if you are an individual . Old name will do if you intend running the solar power generation in the old company’s name.

3) Acquire adequate  land on your company name for setting up Solar Power Project. Create provision for evacuation or atleast get flow study done.

3) Deposit 10% of the project cost in the bank account on company name and take proof of funds from the bank.

4) GET Accredition from local NLDC. GET “ flow study “ approval from Transco. Prepare DPR

5) PPA copy to be there in the DPR or bank loan application.  Get permission to feed power to the T&D network

Bank loan application to have 

1) Proof of Land Ownership , patta, unencumberance certificate
2) DPR,
3) PPA / 
4) Company incorporation certificate by an auditor
5)  Bank Balance in the new bank account.

 

Equity funding: This is probably the best way to fund and manage a solar power project. Not many developers will have their own funds. 

Pre financing by EPC companies: This can be done by EPCs.But mostly most EPCs operate on tight budgets. The profits in EPC business is not much and hence to expect funding from them is not right.  

Suppliers credit : Normally given by module manufacturers from usa and china to large customers, it is not equity funding, but it helps a lot.  It is also possible to get such credits from  Inverter makers and Tracking systems makers. That is in case you are going for a tracking system.  Especially those tracking systems that claim over 25 % increase in efficiency can afford to give some credit as they can recover their money from the increased power generated. Many of these companies are funder by VCs and may have provision to give suppliers credit.  

Non-recourse project financing 

This is the preferred financing structure, wherein the lending institutions would provide debt to a special purpose vehicle set-up for the project and would have a lien on the project’s cash-flows. However as this structure does not provide recourse to the developer’s balance sheet, lending institutions require rock-solid agreements for revenues from the projects. The above structure gives an option for obtaining non-recourse Project Financing. However the developer needs to ensure that the following are in place to make the

lending institutions comfortable Performance – Contractual guarantees from technology providers for the long-term performance of the plant revenues – Long-term power purchase agreements with credible consumers, i.e. direct power sale to the consumer. As discussed above, the current structure of the JNNSM PPA may not be bankable due to the credibility of many states. The government has been contemplating a tri-partite agreement between the developer, state discom and the Reserve Bank of India to ensure the PPAs bankability, however this is not confirmed yet.

 RenewableEnergy Certificate – developers can forego the preferential tariff and trade the RECs on the energy exchange. However the market is in its nascent stage and depends on the state’s renewable purchase obligations.

 Project viability – In addition to the above, developers must convince lenders that projects are viable and have the capability of repaying debt without outside assistance. This could mean that the project has to fund a Debt-Service-Reserve-Account in addition to having healthy

Debt-ServiceCoverage-Ratios. 

Other options for financing 

Other non-conventional options for financing include:

 

 U.S. EX-IM BANK FINANCING FOR INDIAN SOLAR POWER PROJECTS 

 

 1.What is U.S. Ex-Im bank? Or 

   Who are the beneficiaries of U.S. Ex-Imbank financing?

  • U.S.Ex-Im Bank financing is usually the most cost-effective source of financing for international customers to purchase U.S. made technology.
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank: top priority to support renewable energy & environmental exports
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank supports short, medium, and long-term financing to creditworthy international customers, and working capital guarantees to U.S. exporters
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank is interested in any size project

 2. What are the advantages of U.S. Ex-Im bank financing over Indian banks? 

  • The interest rate offered is lesser than Indian banks. You can get limited recourse financing. You can get financing far more than the traditional 70%:30% :: debt:equity structure. 

 3. Who is eligible for U.S. Ex-Im bank financing? 

  • All big companies with clean and healthy balance sheets are eligible for U.S. Ex-Im financing. 

 4. What kind of financing is provided by U.S. Ex-Im bank? 

  • U.S. Ex-Im supports solar projects on a project finance (limited recourse) basis as well as does balance sheet financing. 

 5. Does the bank have any special programs for renewable energy projects? 

  • Terms of up to 18-years for renewable energy projects.
  • Up to 30% local cost support within the U.S. scope of supply.
  • Capitalization of interest during construction.
  • Creation of the Office of Renewable Energy & Environmental Exports in 2008.
  • Creation of a Renewable Energy Express Program in 2010. 

 6.Renewable Energy Express sounds interesting, but what is it all about? 

  • Renewable Express: Renewable Express helps Indian buyers of U.S. clean-energy equipment, technology and services by providing streamlined financing for small clean-energy projects. U.S. Ex-Im Bank can process transactions of between $3 million to $10 million in as few as 60 days.

 7.What is the clean energy portfolio like?

  •  Today, it is a highly active portfolio exceeding $3 billion that includes financing for exports of renewable energy equipment, energy efficiency technologies, wastewater treatment projects, air pollution technologies, waste management services, and other goods and services.

 8. What is the easiest way to avail U.S. Ex-Im bank financing? 

Direct Loan

  • Direct Loans made by U.S. Ex-Im Bank to a foreign buyer.
  • Interest rate for an 18-year Direct Loan is 2.95% (as of November 14, 2012).
  • The International borrower submits the Direct Loan application.
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank requires the buyer to make a cash payment to the exporter equal to atleast 15% of the U.S. supply contract.
  • 15% cash payment can either be borrowed from a lender or the exporter, or befrom the buyer’s own funds.
  • Shipping must be made on U.S.-flag vessel (except air shipments).

 9. Is any kind of guarantee required for availing an U.S. Ex-Imbank loan? 

Loan Guarantee

  • Guaranteed Loans made by commercial banks (U.S. or foreign) to a foreign buyer with a 100% unconditional repayment guarantee from U.S. Ex-Im Bank.
  • Guarantee covers 85% of the U.S. content of the transaction.
  • Banks often finance the 15% required cash payment.
  • Guarantee available in major foreign currencies.
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank also has Local Currency Loan Guarantees. 

Working Capital Guarantee

  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank provides 90% repayment Guarantee for working capital loans.
  • The Working Capital Guarantee serves as the collateral to the commercial lender by mitigating the risk inherent when the source of repayment for the loan is an overseas contract.
  • Enables exporters to finance materials, labor, and overhead to produce goods/services for export.
  • In FY 2011, Calisolar, Amonix, Suniva, Miasole, Southwest Windpower, and others used this program to finance production for export sales. 

 10.  First Solar is a big solar panel manufacturing company in the US. Have any projects benefitted from using First Solar modules/panels? 

  11.  Are joint ventures and/or subsidiary companies also eligible for U.S. Ex-Im bank financing?

  •  Solar Field Energy Two, a wholly owned subsidiary of Kiran Energy Solar Private Power Ltd. gets U.S. Ex-Im funding for their solar project! 
  • Mahindra Surya Prakash, a joint venture of Kiran Energy and Mahindra Holding Ltd., received loan for two solar facilities.

  12. Can a long-term financing be entered into? 

 13.  Can same company apply for loan 2nd time around albeit for a different project? 

  • Azure Power again gets a nitrogen boost for its solar business in the form of $70.35 million loan from U.S. Ex-Im bank.  

 14.  Are only solar PV projects eligible or solar thermal (CSP) projects also? 

 15.  What if I, as a company would like to go for a consortium of lending institutions and U.S. Ex-Im bankbe one of them?

  •  Welspun Energy secures the financial closure for their solar PV project in Rajasthan. In achieving this financial closure a consortium of lending institutions were involved.

 16 .What is the duration for provision of loans?

Or

How does one benefit from U.S. Ex-Im loans for renewable energy projects? 

Loans: 

1. Medium-Term

  • Typically up to five years repayment and under $10 million
  • Export-Credit Insurance and Guarantees of Commercial Loans.

Benefits:

  • Quick turnaround
  • Covers both capital goods and services
  • Lower financing costs with negotiated interest rates Covers both principal and interest

 

2. Long-Term

  • Typically up to 10 years repayment or over $10 million
  • Guarantees of Commercial Loans

Benefits:

  • Extended repayment terms depend on the project but could be up to 18 years for renewable-energy power
  • Available in U.S. dollar and foreign currencies, including the Indian rupee
  • Negotiable interest rates with fixed interest- rate options
  • Tailored principal repayment profiles available.

  

 17. What is the fee charged by U.S. Ex-Im for providing services?

Fees

 18. I’m interested in applying, how do I apply for a loan?

Or

How do I know if I’m eligible to apply?

ü  Procedure for applying to a U.S. Ex-Im bank loan

ü  Eligibility requirement for applying to a U.S. Ex-Im bank loan 

 19.Can I get more detailed information about availing loan from U.S. Ex-Im bank?

 

ü  Detailed information about various types of loans and related products on offer by U.S. Ex-Im bank for renewable energy (solar) project developers

  Borrowing from the US EXIM bank has certain limitations for projects.  

 The total consideration of project cost for debt can only be a maximum of 30% over and above the cost of imports from the US. As this financing option is usually based on module imports and prices for modules account for only around 40% of the total project cost, the developer will need to club a US EXIM loan with another source of finance, thereby potentially increasing the cost of procuring debt.   

  The timelines for financial closure for projects under different policies in India range from six to eight months. TUS EXIM bank can take between six to nine months to process loan requests. Developers aiming for a US EXIM loan usually have to arrange for alternative bridge financing  The long processing time is attributed mostly to the lengthy legal, technical and financial due diligence undertaken by the bank. The due diligence  increases transaction costs.   US EXIM financing is ideal for projects of size 10 MW and above. Only  such projects can bear the high transaction costs. Moreover, to qualify for US EXIM financing, the project developer must import modules and in some cases other equipment from the US.        

Important International  export  credit agencies/export insurance agencies are: Euler Hermes Kreditversicherungs-AG (Germany), China Export & Credit Insurance Corporation (China), Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (Japan), Korea Trade Insurance Corporation (South Korea), Swiss Export Risk Insurance (Switzerland), Export Finance and Insurance Corporation (Australia), OesterreichischeKontrollbank AG (Austria), Export-Import Bank of Malaysia Berhad, (Malaysia), Export Development Canada (Canada), Hong Kong Export Credit Insurance Corporation (Hong Kong).

 

Foreign funding – Large project developers can tap international banks to get

lower rates of finance. However, hedging can put a substantial dent in the rate differential and only someone ready to take the currency risk should resort to this option.

The idea of collecting large number of small projects and approaching exim bank or LIbor , doesnt make much sense. it can probably operate as suppliers credit. At best.

SBICAPS   SBI Capital Markets (SBICAPS)  

finances solar projects.  Foreign banks in general are  open to lending to Indian investment banks for a portfolio of similar projects. This debt is then passed on to the developers with a margin and a hedging charge. The actual lending to the developer takes place based on RBI guidelines.

SBICAPS has been involved with the financing of projects developed by Tata Power Co., Kiran Energy, Sunborne, Alex Astral and Acme Tele Power.

There are other investment banks operating in India include the

Bank of America,

Barclays Capital,

BNP Paribas,

Lazard,

Credit Suisse,        

 

  Export credit agencies / International investment cum insurance agencies     US EXIM 0.7% (LIBOR27) 3.5%  (Margin) 6.5% (Hedging) = 10.7% Loan Up to 80�sed on value of imports 9 – 16 years duration    Approx. 1.45  DSCR  

 

        OPIC   The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)is the U.S. government’s development finance institution.  OPIC  supports solar in India by providing  financing, guarantees, political risk insurance, and support for private equity investment funds.  OPIC  has committed  Rs 55 billion  to the renewables sector globally last year and nearly one-quarter of it had been earmarked for India.  OPIC is  involved in financing of projects by Azure Power and Sun Edison in India.

 

  IREDA   The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) is a development funding institution but operates as a NBFC under the administrative control of MNRE for providing term loans for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.

 

IREDA has  a Rs 13 billion  of credit from KfW for a broad mandate of promoting renewable power in India but has not been particularly active in financing utility scale solar projects till date. IREDA also provides loans to other banks at interest rates as low as 2-5% so as to incentivize them to finance renewable projects. Your bank manager can work with IREDA to get low cost funding. It is a less known and less used route.    

 

 

ADB   ADB  provides financing support under the India Solar Generation Guarantee Facility (ISGGF), under its Asia Solar Energy Initiative (ASEI) . Apart from providing debt as per ADB’s LIBOR-based lending facility towards solar transmission infrastructure in Gujarat, ADB also considers direct financing and/or guarantees for projects greater than 25 MW. Reliance Power’s 100 MW CSP plant has been partially financed with both debt and equity participation by ADB. Under ISGGF, ADB provides partial credit guarantees (PCGs) available to local and foreign commercial banks that finance private sector solar power plants in the country. This guarantee covers up to 50% of the payment default risk on bank loans made to project developers. Currently, two commercial banks have been approved by ADB as eligible partner banks: L&T Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (India) and the NorddeutscheLandesbank (abbreviated Nord/LB, Germany). ADB aims to support 3 GW of solar power capacity in developing member countries by May 2013.

 

          

KfW and DEG   Germany’s KfW and DEG are also invest in  the Indian solar market. KfW is involved in lending to a 125 MW project by Mahagenco in Maharashtra and DEG has provided Rs 6.80cr  risk capital in the form of Compulsory Convertible Debentures (CCDs) to Azure Power     Other active sources for funds Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), U.K Department for International Development Cooperation (DFID), Netherlands Development Finance Company (FMO), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investmet Bank (EIB) and the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB)

 

 

 

 Indian banks are being very conservative, insisting on 1.2-1.3 DSC ratio. For project economics to look more attractive to developers, DSC ratios should be at a minimum of 1.1-1.15. At this rate, the attractiveness of several projects begins to change substantially.

 

L&T Infrastructure Finance Company (subsidiary of L&T Financing Holdings),

 Power Finance Corporation (PFC), 

 Mahindra Finance, 

IDFC, 

 IL&FS, 

SBI Capital Markets and 

 Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA). 

US EXIM bank an  active Export Credit Agency (ECA). IFC,

a member of the World Bank Group

 has provided financing for projects by developers such as Green Infra, Mahindra Solar, Azure Power and SunEdison India. 

ADB provides financing support under the India Solar Generation Guarantee Facility (ISGGF), under its Asia Solar Energy Initiative (ASEI) to promote the development of solar energy in India. Currently, two commercial banks have been approved by ADB as eligible partners: L&T Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (India) and the Norddeutsche Landesbank (abbreviated Nord/LB, Germany).

 

 

NEWS RELATED TO PROJECT FINANCING

*PFC WANTS MANAGEMENT CONTROL IN BANK TO AID PAYMENT SECURITY17 JUNE 2013

NEW DELHI: Power Finance Corp, which has loan assets of over Rs 1.6 lakh crore, has said that having management control in a bank would help in bolstering its payment security mechanism by lowering dependence on third party bankers.more..

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 REC

UTTAR PRADEH AND DELHI RPO

State RPO Target for 2011-12 RPO Target For 2012-13 RPO Target For 2013-14
Delhi 0.10% 0.15% 0.20%
Uttar Pradesh 0.50% 1.00% 1.00%

 

 

To be submitted on letter head of concerned State Agency

 

 

 

Checklist to be submitted by State Agency to Central Agency while recommending project for Registration under REC Mechanism

 

 

 

Name of RE Generator:

 

Accreditation Number:

 

Source :

 

 

 

Total Capacity of Project (MW)

Accredited Capacity (MW)

Accredited Capacity under third party/ APPC sale (MW),

 if applicable

Accredited Capacity utilized for self consumption (MW),

if applicable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.N.

Checklist

Yes

(Please tick, if applicable )

No

(Please tick, if correct)

Remark / Any other information

1.

Is RE Generator opting for third party sale

 

 

 

 

Is RE Generator selling power to discom at APPC

 

 

 

2.

Is RE Generator a CPP opting for self consumption

 

 

 

3.

Is RE Generator a CGP opting for  for self consumption

 

 

 

4.

Whether all procedures for accreditation according to CERC REC Regulations and approved REC Procedures have been followed

 

 

 

In case RE Generator is CPP/ CGP/ RE Generator opting for REC Scheme for self consumption then please provide following details:

a

Whether electricity duty is leviable and being paid. If not, then reasons along with documentary support be furnished by the said CPP/CGP/RE Generator

 

 

 

b.

Whether benefits of concessional/promotional transmission  or wheeling charges are availed

 

 

 

c.

Whether banking facility benefit is availed

 

 

 

 

 

 

It is also certified that all procedures for accreditation according to CERC REC Regulations, approved REC Procedures have been followed at our end.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Place:                                                                                                                                                 Name of Authorised Signatory

 

 Date:                                                                                                                                                                 Name of State Agency

 

 

 PONITS TO REMEMBER:

 

•All communication regarding REC Mechanism is to be addressed as follows: "The Nodal officer, REC Mechanism,1st Floor National Load Despatch Centre (NLDC) office,Power System Operation Corporation Limited (POSOCO),B-9, Qutab Institutional Area, KatwariaSarai, New Delhi-110016".

 

•All dak regarding REC Mechanism shall be accepted only through services of India Post and no dakshall be accepted by hand or through courier services.

 

•The Application(s) for issuance of RECs/Registration of Project or other issues should be sent by the RE generator(s) on individual project basis and the name of the RE Generator and 'Accreditation number' / 'Registration number', as applicable has to be clearly stated on the envelope.

 

 

 

 

APPC of different states

 

 

State

Current purchase price by state discoms/ ebs

 

 Rs/Unit

Andhra Pradesh

2.50

Gujarat

2.98

Haryana

2.77

Himachal Pradesh

2.23

Karnataka

2.66

Kerala

1.99

Madhya Pradesh

2.09

Maharashtra

2.62

Punjab

2.71

Rajasthan

2.60

Tamil Nadu

3.38

Uttarakhand

2.34

Uttar Pradesh

2.62

West Bengal

2.43

 

 

Only Maharashtra, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir have set the minimum size as 250kW. All other states do not specify a minimum size for REC projects.

The RECs must be sold within one year from the date of issuance, failing which the RECs will lapse.

=========================================================================================================================

Lands for solar power generation projects in Uttar Pradesh - ideal lands ?

 

1 mw of solar power plant will need about 5 acres of land

Agriculutural lands are not allowed to put up a solar generation plant

Non agricultural lands, non cultivable lands, barren lands, puramboke lands etc are ok

Rocky lands are not ideal for solar power generation

Many times soil testing of the land is done before deciding the feasibility

Ideally the land has to be very close to a substation. 11 kva, 33 kva, 66 kva, 132 kva, etc

For a 1 mw plant 11 kva is ok.

For each km the substation is away from your land, one has to incur about Rs 10 /12 lakhs for

laying the transmission lines. Better than that is to buy up the land between your land and the

substation.

If there is some land between your land and the substation, there will ROW ie right of way

issues.

Download google earth and note the longitude and latitude of your land.

If you inform the above information a good Consultant will be able to assess the potential

number of units that can be produced per annum

With the above information, it is possible to make the feasibility report for

the state nodal agencies, as well as detailed project report for the banks for solar

power generation business.

 

==================================================================================

 

==================================================================================

 Got Land for Solar power generation !!

 

Those of you who have large acres of non cultivable lands in Rajasthan State near substations and do not have the resources to develop
a solar power plant, can register their lands here for 

a. out right sale, b. lease for 26 years c. partnership with the power plant and d. any other suggestion from the land owner

We need the following information. Wherever u dont know the information, pl write 
'I dont know'

Exact location of the land: Address of land including district and taluk, 

Total area in acres

Boundaries marked in google map or in google earth: Mark your land in 
google map/ google earth and email along with this form.

Right of way. ( ROW)*

Proof  of its owner. 

Name, address including district and taluk,  mobile no

DNI of the location: If you dont know, send us the longitude and latitude of the lands
( If you dont know, how to get this, say : I dont know)

Type of the land in gov records. 

**Agricultural/ non agricultural/ barren/ rocky/industrial/ waste/ dry/ anyother specify

KVA rating of substation nearby and distance.

Capacity available in the substation

List of solar projects in the neighbourhood, if you know.

Rate  per acre. ie current market price of land available nearby, adjoining your land

Expected sale  price : minimum price expected per acre.

Open for partnership:

Open for leasing for 26 years ? Yes / No

Are there lands available nearby : how many acres: how much does this cost

* ROW - if you have direct access to the substation, it is fine. But if electricity produced has to go thru the neighbouring lands, that means 
you have a ROW issue.

** 
Agricultural lands are not permitted to set up a solar plant, even if no water and no agriculture has been done for years.

If you are going to convert, your land from agricultural land to any other, say so. 

 Call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email < mano@eai.in >

 =============

 

 

 

 

 

*What is the space / area / land required for the plant?

 

 

 

 Generally, it is assumed at 3.5 to 4acres for crystalline silicon (c-Si) technology and 6 to 7 acres per MW for thin film solar (a-Si or CdTe) technology. In reality, it depends on other parameters like cost of land, Ground Coverage
Ratio (GCR)(to avoid inter array shading, GCR can be 0.45 to 0.65 and 
generation will vary based on GCR) and choice of sun tracking 
systems (with sun trackers the land required will be about 6acres
per MW for crystalline solar modules).

 

 Which are the ideal states for setting up of solar power projects?

 

 Hot destinations are Rajasthan, Gujarat and MH, MP, Andhra, Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu as far as solar radiation is concerned. Presently, only 
Andhra, Rajasthan and Gujarat have a clear policy and guidelines on the procedures for 
setting up solar power projects. Other states may also initiate the policy 
and procedures soon now that Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission has been 
launched by Government of India.

 

 Are Banks interested in financing solar power projects?

 

 The Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) works out to an average of 1.49
which is considered quite acceptable to commercial banks for sanction of loan. 
The maximum debt that is permitted as per CERC norms is 70% and most 
banks should be find this acceptable based on the financial strength and 
net worth of the company / promoters. The present policy driven by the
National Solar Mission and PPA for 25 years with a central PSU like NTPC's 
subsidiary should provide adequate confidence to Banker to finance solar
power projects.

 

 

  ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION WHAT IS AD? WHO CAN CLAIM AD? ADVANTAGES FOR AD CLIENTS IN SOLAR PROJECTS

 What is Accelerated Depreciation in solar power generation and how can I benefit from it? 

 

 

 

 ========================================================================================= 

 

 

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SETTING YOUR SOLAR PLANT IN A SOLAR PARK 

 


ADVANTAGES OF A SOLAR PARK

1. Ready to move & start facility for any solar power developer with clear title land.

2. Proper North-South oriented plots to be allotted so as to reduce land wastage, which are ideal for solar plant designing

3. Reduction in time to both start and execute the project.

4. No ROW (right of way) issue will be there for laying of transmission line, which will be done only once and common to all.

5. Ease of work execution and management will be there.

6. Relief from local issues which again will result into time and money saving in project execution.

7. Evacuation from individual project will be done right from the individual plot to the discom’s substation at 132KV level.

8. Reduced transmission losses to the tune of 1/16th of the normal at 33KV.

9. Individual plant metering at pooling substation for ease of billing.

10. Security, preventive maintenance of approach roads & transmission line etc. will be done on periodic basis.

11. Grid down time is also minimum for 132 kV sub-station, which means higher revenue
generation

12. Better financials than in your own lands.

 




DISADVANTAGES OF A SOLAR PARK

1. Your project is not in your state, benefitting your people

2. Your project is not in your lands. Absence of Prestige value in the neighbourhood.

3. You can’t to do the maintenance of the solar power plant directly and daily in your village


* Don’t have lands? See solar as a business opportunity. Go for Solar park.

* Want to invest in and  reap regular dividends with least hassles. Go for Solar park

* Interested in availing accelerated depreciation and making decent safe returns, invest in a solar park.

 


Want to set up a

 

Plug and play solar park?

 

500 KW onwards

 

 

Call Manohar  90435 39679 or better still email < mano@eai.in >

 

=====================================================================================

 

 

 

SEVEN STEPS TO DESIGNING

 

A SOLAR CAPTIVE POWER PLANT FOR A FACTORY

 

 There are seven steps involved in designing a successful captive solar PV installation 

 

  • Scoping of the project
  • Calculating the amount of solar energy available
  • Surveying the site
  • Calculating the amount of energy needed
  • Sizing the solar system
  • Component selection and costing
  • Detailed design

 

Step 1 –SCOPING THE PROJECT

 

As with any project, you need to know what you want to achieve. This basically involves detailing what you want from the captive PV installation, once installed. Do you want it to completely provide your day time electricity usage? Or do you want it to support a part of your usage? To start with, the scope of the project can be simple and later as we progress we can flesh it out to suit the requirements.

 

Defining the scope is in fact the most important step because once the basic scope is wrong, we might not be able to get the system do, what we exactly want it to do.

 

Step2 - CALCULATING THE SOLAR POWER AVAILABLE

 

Solar insolation is the amount of electromagnetic energy (solar radiation) incident on the surface of the earth. Basically that means how much sunlight is shining down on the area under consideration.

 

The values are generally expressed in kWh/m2/day. This is the amount of solar energy that strikes a square metre of the earth's surface in a single day. Of course this value is averaged to account for differences in the days' length. There are several units that are used throughout the world.

 

By knowing the insolation levels of a particular region one can determine the number of PV modules that are required. An area with poor insolation levels will need a larger number of PV modules than an area with high insolation levels. Once the region’s insolation level is known, one can more accurately calculate collector size and energy output.

 

The typical thumbrule that is used for the amount of electricity that solar PV can produce is as follows: On average, 1 W of solar PV, at current crystalline silicon panel efficiencies, can produce about 4 Wh of electricity per day. This is however only an average estimate and based on the location, this could be a bit lower or higher than the average.

 

Step 3 – SURVEYING THE SITE

 

A site survey basically consists of a brief interview with the developer to get a feel for their electricity needs and a physical inspection of the proposed array site to see if it is suitable for solar. When a qualified photovoltaic design professional visits a potential solar site, he or she has many things to watch out for.

 

Primarily, they will be checking the roof's orientation (azimuth) and solar access. Orientation refers to the direction the roof faces - directly south is ideal, with some leeway to the Southwest or Southeast.

 

Solar access quantifies the percentage of time when the proposed array location will be receiving the full unshaded power of the sun during different days of the year. A shady roof might disqualify a site from receiving incentive money from the state, and is not a responsible choice for solar anyway. There are ways to get around shade issues - either by looking at alternate sites, trimming or removing trees, or by using micro-inverters in the system design rather than one large central inverter.

 

Step 4 - CALCULATING THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY NEEDED

 

The next big task for any photovoltaic system designer is to determine the system load. This load estimate is one of the key factors in the design and cost of the stand-alone PV system.

 

A simple way to determine the approximate ceiling for the solar PV system capacity for all electricity needs is as follows:

 

1.  Find out your total monthly electricity consumption. Let’s say it is 100000 kWh

 

2.  Divide it by 30 to get an approximate daily consumption. In the example, it is about 3300 kWh.

 

3.  Using the thumb rule that 1 W of solar PV can approximately produce 4 Wh of electricity per day, you can determine the approximate maximum solar PV capacity you will require to power all your systems using solar PV. In this case, if the total daily consumption of electricity is 3300 kWh, you will require a maximum of 3300/4 = 825 kW.

 

 4.  It is however very unlikely that you would require such a high capacity for solar PV as you will need solar PV primarily as a backup power source, perhaps as a replacement for diesel based power generation.

 

 Ceiling for the solar PV required for complete diesel replacement

 

 In most cases, you will be using solar only as a backup power source to replace diesel based power production.

 

6.  One simple way to determine the amount of solar PV for this purpose is to determine the total amount of electricity you produce using diesel every month. In the example provided, out of the 100000 kWh of total electricity you consume every month, let’s say 10% or 10000 kWh is generated from diesel gensets. This provides you the ceiling for the solar PV system capacity for complete diesel replacement. In this case, it is 82.5 kW.

 

 7. As a thumb rule, one litre of diesel produces 4 kWh, so you can also compute the above with the data for the amount of diesel used every month.

 

 While estimating the load, the designer should consider energy conserving substitutes for items that are used often. Identifying large and/or variable loads and determining if they can be eliminated or changed to operate from another power source will save cost. 

 

 Step 5 – SIZING THE SYSTEM

 

 From the results obtained in step 2 and step 4, we can determine the size of the solar system that will be needed to power the site. The necessary systems involved in the setting up of captive power plants are:

 

 1)      Array(collection of solar PV modules)

 

 2)      Charge controllers

 

 3)      Batteries

 

 4)      Inverters

 

 5)      Mounting systems

 

 Note: The exact procedure for sizing of a solar system has to begin with calculating the amphere hour (Ah) of each load under consideration. Without knowing this it is impossible to size the PV system.

 

 PV array sizing – Array sizing is determined by taking into account the daily energy requirement (in Kilowatt hours) and average daily peak sunshine hours in the design month.

 

 No part of a PV array can be shaded. The shading of small portions of a PV module may greatly reduce output from the entire array. PV modules connected in series must carry the same current. If some of the PV cells are shaded, they cannot produce current and will become reverse biased. This means the shaded cells will dissipate power as heat, and over a period of time failure will occur.  However, since it is impossible to prevent occasional shading, the use of bypass diodes around series - connected modules is recommended

 

 Hybrid Indicator

 

 At this point, the basic PV system configuration and size have been determined. Before proceeding to specify components for the system, a simple test is recommended to see if the application might be a candidate for a hybrid system.

 

 Two main indicators work together to alert the designer to a possible hybrid application; the size of the load, and the seasonal insolation variability at the site.  The larger the load the more likely a hybrid PV-generator system will be a good economic choice. Likewise, in cloudy climates you need a larger system to meet the load demand; thus having a higher array/load ratio. Plotting the load versus the array/load ratio gives an indication of whether a hybrid system should be considered. There may be other reasons to consider a hybrid system: for example, systems with high availability requirements or applications where the load energy is being provided by an existing generator.  A word of caution--the controls required for a hybrid system are more complex because the interaction between engine generator, PV array, and battery must be regulated. Obtaining advice from an experienced designer is recommended if you decide to install a hybrid system. 

 

 Controllers - Charge controllers are included in most photovoltaic systems to protect the batteries from overcharge or excessive discharge. Overcharging can boil the electrolyte from the battery and cause failure. Allowing the battery to be discharged too much will cause premature battery failure and possible damage to the load. The controller is a critical component in your PV system. Thousands of rupees of damage may occur if it does not function properly. In addition, all controllers cause some losses (tare loss) in the system. One minus these losses, expressed as a percentage, is the controller efficiency.  The cost of the controller increases rapidly as the current requirement increases. Controllers for 12-volt and 24-volt systems with currents up to 30 amperes are available at a reasonable cost. Controllers with 30- 100 amperes are available but 2-5 times more expensive. Controllers that will switch currents over 100 amperes are usually custom designed for the application. One way to work with currents over 100 amperes is to connect controllers in parallel. It is often less expensive to use five 20- ampere rated controllers in parallel than one 100-ampere unit. 

 

 The controller must be installed in a weather resistant junction box and can be located with other components such as diodes, fuses, and switches. Excessive heat will shorten controller lifetime so the junction box should be installed in a shaded area and venting provided if possible. Controllers should not be mounted in the same enclosure with batteries. The batteries produce a corrosive environment that may cause failure of electronic components. 

 

 Battery sizing - To determine the size of the battery storage required for a stand-alone PV system, it is required to make a number of decisions. Before making these choices, one should study and understand battery parameters and the concept of system availability. First, you must choose the amount of back-up energy you want to store for your application. This is usually expressed as a number of no sun days, in other words, for how many cloudy days must your system operate using energy stored in batteries. There is no “right answer” to this question. It depends on the application, the type of battery, and the system availability desired.

 

 Inverters - Power conditioning units, commonly called inverters, are necessary in any stand-alone PV system with ac loads. The choice of inverter will be a key factor in setting the dc operating voltage of your system.

 

 When specifying an inverter, it is necessary to consider requirements of both the dc input and the ac output.   The choice of inverter will affect the performance, reliability, and cost of your PV system. Usually, it is the third most expensive component after the array and battery. 

 

 The selection of the inverter input voltage is an important decision because it often dictates the system dc voltage.

 

 An inverter should be installed in a controlled environment because high temperatures and excessive dust will reduce lifetime and may cause failure. The inverter should not be installed in the same enclosure with the batteries because the corrosive gassing of the batteries can damage the electronics and the switching in the inverter might cause an explosion. However, the inverter should be installed near the batteries to keep resistive losses in the wires to a minimum. 

 

 Mounting structures- Ground mounting of PV arrays is recommended for stand-alone systems. Regardless of whether you buy or build the mounting structure make sure it is anchored and the modules are restrained. Many module manufacturers and distributors sell mounting hardware specifically designed for their modules. This hardware is intended for multiple applications and different mounting techniques and considerations like wind loading have been included in the design. Using this mounting hardware is the simplest and often the most cost effective. Customized array mounting structures can be expensive.   

 

 Others- It is important to select wire, connectors, and protection components such as switches and fuses that will last for twenty years or more. To obtain this long life, they must be sized correctly, rated for the application, and installed carefully. Connections are particularly prone to failure unless they are made carefully and correctly. 

 

 Step 6 – COMPONENT SELECTION AND SIZING 

 

 Once the various components have been sized, the next important step is the selection and costing of the components.

 

 There are many players in the market vying to establish their products. At this juncture, the system developer has to select components by taking into account factors like technical specifications, reliability, and lifetime of the components in addition to the cost.

 

 Investment for the solar modules is for a period of 25 years, so selecting a high efficient solar panel is of prime importance. The manufactures of the batteries claim a lifetime of about 7 years, whereas inverters guarantee at most 2 years. As can be seen from these numbers, selection becomes a crucial part of the captive solar PV installation.

 

 Step 7 – DETAILED DESIGN

 

 Now that the major components have been sized and selected, it is time to consider how to interconnect everything as a working system.

 

 The detailed design is the more actionable form of the captive solar PV installation. The system developer accumulates all the data collected from the previous 6 steps and prepares a layout of the installation on paper. The developer removes obvious engineering fallacies and prepares a corrected version of the layout on paper.

 

 The confirmed design will have all the necessary data like the average consumption per day(kWh), the insolation levels at the area under consideration(in hours) , the optimal plant size, the area required for the same, the number of panels required to be installed in that area, the number of charge controllers, batteries, inverters required for the determined plant size, the cost of all the components and many more intricate details like the viability of installing tracking systems etc.

 

 Stand-alone PV systems will be reliable power producers for more than two decades if properly sized for the application, engineered well, and installed carefully. PV arrays for stand-alone systems are installed in many unique and innovative ways. However, there are common issues involved in any installation, whether the array is fixed or tracking, mounted at ground level, or on a pole or building. 

 

 

 

 Preventive Maintenance

 

 The integral part of any completed installation is the periodic checks that are recommended for any stand-alone PV system so that little problems can be found and corrected before they affect system operation. The system should be checked soon after installation when it is presumably operating well.

 

Interested in setting up a Captive solar power for your factory? Send mail to mano@eai.in   subject    Factory power 

 

 

 

 

 

STEPS INVOLVED IN DESIGNING

 

 

 

A ROOF-TOP SOLAR PV SYSTEM WITH BATTERY BACKUP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A stand-alone PV plant for AC and DC loads:

 

 

 

 The broad steps involved in designing a roof-top stand-alone solar PV plant are:

 

 

 

  1. Estimation of total loads and energy
  2. Selection of an inverter
  3. Sizing of battery bank
  4. Sizing of PV array
  5. Selection of other components
  6. Installation and commissioning
  7. Testing and evaluation

 

 

 

Estimation of total loads and energy:

 

 

 

  1. Sum the total AC connected watts
  2. Sum the total DC connected watts
  3. Calculate the AC average daily energy requirement
  4. Divide this by the inverter efficiency to obtain the DC energy required to the AC load
  5. Calculate the total energy requirement due DC loads
  6. Add the DC energies obtained by step 4 and step 5
  7. This quantity is the total DC energy load on the battery bank

 

 

 

Selection of inverter:

 

 

 

  1. The capacity of the inverter must be more than that of the total daily average AC loads, including their surge requirement
  2. The nominal DC input voltage of the inverter will be the battery bank voltage and is decided by the design of the inverter
  3. The output will be single phase or three phase , 230/440V  & 50Hz, to be compatible to the AC loads requirement
  4. The conversion efficiency at minimum load (10%) should be 80%
  5. Total Harmonic Distortion (TDH) < 3%
  6. The wave shape, crest factor, power factor etc, to be as per the load requirements

 

 

 

Battery bank sizing:

 

 

 

  1. The total DC energy ÷ the nominal input voltage gives the daily Ampere Hour (AH) requirement from the battery bank
  2. The daily AH hours X autonomy ÷ discharge limit provides the battery bank Ampere hour capacity
  3. Battery bank AH capacity/Individual battery AH gives the number of batteries in parallel (generally it is 1)
  4. DC system voltage ÷ the battery voltage gives number of batteries in series

 

 

 

 PV array sizing:

 

 

 

  1. Average daily AH requirement from the battery ÷ battery columbic efficiency gives the AH to be put in by the PV array in a day
  2. AH required from PV array ÷ average peak sun hours in a day of the site gives Amperes required from PV array
  3. Amperes from array peak ÷ panel (or module) peak ampere gives number of PV panel strings required in parallel
  4. Nominal system DC voltage ÷ nominal operating module voltage gives the number of SPV modules in one series string
  5. Number of modules in one series string X number of parallel strings gives the total number of SPV modules in the power plant
  6. Number of PV modules X PV module wattage is the total PV array wattage

 

 

 

 Other components:

 

 

 

  1. Charge controller maximum current capacity should be one and half times that of total short circuit current of all parallel strings
  2. The total open circuit voltage of all the modules in series should give the maximum voltage of the charge controller
  3. The cables connecting the module to Junction boxes, to that of DC board and battery bank should be selected as per the standards
  4. Cut-outs, fuses and other control components should be as per the National standard of Electrical current ratings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key words: Solar PV, photovoltaic system design, PV arrays, total AC and DC loads, selection of inverter for SPV, battery bank sizing, SPV array sizing, charge controller, SPV module, ampere hours (AH)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Easy Steps to Plan your solar roof top solution

 

 

 


Solar power energy systems are not inexpensive.
Nor are they too expensive.
At present many households and factories, just need power.
Not many are asking as to when they will get the capital back.

 

 

 

Here is a news item in The Hindu saying that in a few years
the electricity tariff will be Rs 13 or Rs 14/- (http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Madurai/small-units-plan-to-tap-solar-power-in-a-big-way/article4002924.ece)

 

 

 

So, it makes sense to go solar right away.

 

Step 1: List your equipment

 

Number of Fans and no of hours u need it per day

 

Similarly list all electrical devices at home that u need to run in solar power

 

Lights, Refrigerator, grinder, oven, etc.,

 

Approx electricity bill per month

 

 

 

Step 2: Roof area you have in square feet

 

Step 3: Do you want a battery? If yes, for how many hours.

 

 

 


Fill the above information and email with address and mobile no to

 

 

 

< marketing.rooftop@gmail.com >

 

with subject

 

Rooftop requirement

 

 

 

========================================================================================================================================

 

If you are an installer/integrator, register with us

 

with address , experience and geographical area of operations

 

by sending a mail to

 

< marketing.rooftop@gmail.com >

 

with the subject installer/ integrator and location .......

 

We can send u customers who need solar energy !!

 

 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Some quotes

 


Installer 1

 

1KW system for Rs.2,10,000 (two lakh ten thousand only).

 

 

 


In this Govt. is offering Rs.70,000 as subsidy for 1KW system.

 

So, the customer has to pay only Rs.1,40,000 to us, we will get the subsidy directly from government.

 

2KW system will be Rs.2,70,000.

 


The break up is as follows:

 


Solar panels- Rs.60,000 (1000W)

 

Battery Rs.50,000 (400AH Solar Battery)

 

Inverter Rs. 30,000 (1KVA)

 

Mounting structures Rs.25,000

 

Cable and others Rs.20,000

 

VAT Rs.12,000

 


For 2KW system just double.

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 


Installer 2

 


1 KW (Without Battery) in Rs.
================== =====
1 KWp Solar Panels 51000
1 KVA PCU 24000
Junction Box (4:1) 4500
MS Structure 15000
Solar PV Cable 3000
Installation - Civil 10000
Installation - Wiring 8000
======
115000
======

 

1 KW (With Battery) in Rs.
=============== ====
1 KWp Solar Panels 51000
1 KVA PCU 24000
2 X 200 Ah C10 Battery 35000
Junction Box (4:1) 4500
MS Structure 15000
Solar PV Cable 3000
Installation - Civil 10000
Installation - Wiring 10000
======
152000
======

 

 

 

=========================================================================================

 

  UTTAR PRADESH SOLAR POLICY

The state of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) in March 2013 has unveiled its solar policy ‘Solar Power Policy Uttar Pradesh 2013′ with a target to reach 500 MW of installed capacity of SPP in the state by March 2017. This policy will come into effect from the date of issuance and shall remain in operation up to 31st March 2017. However, no benefit of this policy will be available to projects set up under any incentive scheme of MNRE.

More importantly within days of its official release, interested bidders were invited to submit their respective response to Request for Proposal (RfP). To start with, the competitive bidding will be held for a capacity of 200 MW and the last date for submission being marked as 24th April 2013( refer).

Prominent features:

  • Grid connected solar power projects will be implemented on suitable land banks identified and procured by the developer. In case of Projects to be set up on government land or space, selection of the developer will be done by the department or nodal agency through a transparent process.
  • Minimum 5 MW capacity solar power projects will be covered under this policy.
  • The energy generated from solar power projects that are commissioned during this policy period can be sold to distribution utility UPPCL or to third party or for captive use.

Sale of energy to local DISCOM:

  • Projects developers willing to sell their electricity to the distribution company of the state will compulsorily have to participate in the competitive bidding process for tariff determination, subject to approval from UPERC.
  • In case the bids are received for an aggregate capacity more than 200 MW, selection of bidders shall be done on the basis of lowest quoted tariff in ascending order.
  • UPPCL will sign PPA with successful bidders for a period of 10 years.
  • For PPAs signed as a result of competitive bidding, difference in the case I bidding tariff arrived at by UPPCL for purchase of conventional power and the price of solar power discovered through this bidding shall be payable to the distribution utility for power purchased from solar power projects for first 200 MW of solar power commissioned under this policy for a period of 10 years. Budgetary support provided by the State Government to the Nodal Agency under the budgetary head “Incentive scheme for Solar Power Generation” will be utilized for these purposes.

Sale of energy to third party:

Project developers can sale their power to a third party but no PPA would allowed even in future date with distribution utility. Projects under this route will have to register with the nodal agency, sign an agreement and furnish a performance bank guarantee till the commissioning of the project.

However, Subsidy or GBIs will not be available to such projects.

Captive sale of solar power:

Solar power plants of above 5 MW capacities to be built for captive use will also be eligible for the incentives under this policy with wheeling arrangement.

Timeframe:

Time frame for commissioning of Solar PV projects will be 13 months and solar thermal projects would be 28 months from the date of signing of PPA.

Grid connectivity & evacuation infrastructure:

  • The responsibility of getting connectivity with the transmission system owned by the Discom/STU  will lie with the Project Developer.
  • The cost of the transmission line up to the “feed in substation” viz the point of interconnection  where the metering is done shall be borne by the Solar Project Developer.
  • However the entire cost of transmission including cost of  construction of line, wheeling charges, losses etc. will be borne by the Project  Developer and will not be met by the STU/Discom.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UP State Solar Policy

(Look Below)

 PREAMBLE  

Electric power and its easy availability is an established benchmark of development and an essential prerequisite for all-round prosperity.  No major economic activity can be sustained without adequate and reliable source of power. The economic development of Uttar Pradesh has been seriously hampered by inadequate availability of power.   In view of the fact that the conventional sources of power are fast depleting and pose threat of environment pollution too, the challenge before the State Government is not only to meet the ever growing demand for power but also to progressively increase the share of renewable sources in the power-mix so as to achieve overall energy security. The State of Uttar Pradesh is endowed with vast potential of solar power and the Government is keen to tap this resource to improve the availability of power in the State by promoting the establishment of solar energy based power projects, both grid connected and off-grid type.   For the attainment of this goal, a comprehensive policy framework is an imperative requirement.  Therefore, the Government of Uttar Pradesh adopts and announces the Solar Power Policy as under:

OBJECTIVES

 The policy aims at achieving the following objectives:-

a) To promote generation and use of clean and green power in the State by harnessing solar energy. 

b) To put in place an appropriate investment climate that could stimulate private sector participation in development of solar power.

c) To spread environmental awareness among the general public.

d) To contribute to productive use of wastelands

e) To enhance skills and create employment opportunities. 

f) To promote establishment of local manufacturing facilities.

g) To build capacity in the State to initiate and sustain, use and effective management of newer technologies.

 OPERATIVE PERIOD               

This policy will come into effect from the date of issuance and shall remain in operation up to 31st

 March 2017. Solar power plants approved, installed and commissioned during this period alone shall be eligible for benefits of this policy. However, no benefit of this policy will be available to projects set up under any incentive scheme of MNRE.

 TARGET CAPACITY        

Target capacity of 1000 MW of   solar power will be achieved till March 2017 as follows:

1) Total target capacity 

2) Phase Period

  MW

I 2012-2013 

II 2013-2014 150

III 2014-2015 300

IV 2015-2016 300

V 2016-2017 250

Total 1000

 GRID CONNECTED SOLAR POWER   GRID CONNECTED SOLAR POWER  

 Project Size     

Grid connected solar power projects will be divided in following three groups:

1 Small      : 2MW to 10MW

2. Medium   :  >10MW to 25 MW  

3 Large       : > 25 MW

 Project Categories   

Grid connected solar power projects will be implemented under two categories:

Private Projects    

 Government land / space based Projects.  

    

Implementation:  

(i) Category 5.2.1 will include those Solar Power Projects which are installed on suitable land banks identified and procured by the developer.

(ii) Category 5.2.2 will include those Solar Power Projects which are installed on Government land/other space provided by Government department or agencies.    In lieu of provision of land/space a suitable charge shall be levied by the Government department or agency for every unit of Power generated from Solar Power Projects of category 5.2.2.

For this category land or space will be provided on lease basis for 25 years or for life of solar power plant whichever is less on nominal lease rent  or any other suitable mechanism that the Government department or agency may decide.

 Sale of Energy   

Energy generated from solar power projects as mentioned above that are commissioned during this policy period will be sold to distribution licensee/utility on tariff based competitive bidding, subject to approval by UPERC or at Average Pool Price under REC Mechanism.

   Payment Security for Solar Power Projects      

 A suitable payment security mechanism will be devised to secure payments to the Project developers in the event of default by the State 6 Utilities /Discoms.  Budgetary support provided by the State Government to the Nodal Agency under the budgetary head “Incentive scheme for Solar Power Generation” will be utilised for this purpose. For solar projects there will be provision of Letter of Credit and  Default Escrow Account  will be provided in  the PPAs to be signed by the Discom/STU as a payment security mechanism as mentioned below 

Letter of Credit:

In respect of payment of Monthly Bills, to the solar project developer a monthly unconditional, revolving and irrevocable letter of credit (“Letter of Credit”), will be opened and maintained by Discom/STU as the case may be, which may be drawn upon by the Solar Project Developer on the event of default in payment on due date or in any other terms and conditions as specified in the PPA.

 Default Escrow Account

 To further support the timely payment to the solar project developer, State Utilities /Discoms and solar project developer shall execute separate Default Escrow Agreement (referred as “Default Escrow Agreement”) for the establishment and operation of the Default Escrow Account in favour of the solar project developer through which the revenues of the relevant State Utilities /Discoms shall be routed and used as per the terms and conditions mentioned in the Default Escrow Agreement. The State Utilities /Discoms and the solar project developer shall contemporaneously with the execution of the Default Escrow Agreement also enter into a separate Agreement to Hypothecate Cum Deed of Hypothecation      The Letter of Credit shall be provided from the bank which is appointed as Default Escrow Agent under the Default Escrow Agreement.

 All costs relating to opening and maintenance of the Letter of Credit shall be borne by the Nodal Agency. However, Letter of Credit negotiation charges shall be borne and paid by the Solar Project developer. For this purpose, the Empowered Committee may provide some finances to the Discom from the funds available to the Nodal Agency under budgetary head “Incentive scheme for Solar Power Generation”. A sunset clause will also be provided in the PPA at a trigger of six months payment default by the Discom to enable third party sale by the solar power plant.

Time Frame for Implementation of Projects   

Time limit for commissioning of Solar PV projects will be within 12 months and 18 months in case of solar thermal   projects from the date of issue of concurrence from the Distribution licensee/utility. 

Grid Connectivity and Evacuation Infrastructure    

The grid connectivity and associated evacuation facilities from the solar power plant substation/switchyard to distribution/transmission system will be provided in accordance UPERC (Grant of Connectivity to Intra-State Transmission System) Regulations 2010 as amended from time to time which is as below: 

“The Solar Power Generator shall construct, operate and maintain its generation facility (up to the point of connectivity) including pooling station at its own expense. For construction and operation / maintenance of evacuation infrastructure beyond point of connectivity up to main receiving sub-station or switchyard of the State Transmission Utility / any other transmission licensee, the following shall be responsible:

(a) for 33 kV and above works - the distribution licensee;

(b) for 132 kV and above - the State Transmission Utility / any other transmission licensee (owning the main receiving sub-station or switchyard or the transmission line as identified by the Nodal Agency  (STU) where connectivity is being granted).

The evacuation infrastructure construction cost and its operation / maintenance cost shall be borne by -

(a) The distribution licensee and/or the State Transmission Utility / any other transmission licensee, as the case may be, in case of supply of electricity

From a generating station to the distribution licensee of the area at the tariff determined by the Commission”. 

Wheeling & Open Access Charges    

Solar power projects will be exempted from Transmission /Wheeling and open access charges for third party sale and captive units.

Third Party Sale  

Third party sale will be eligible as per Electricity Act 2003 (No. 36 of 2003) and in accordance with UPERC Regulations as issued from time to time, for which purchase rate can be mutually decided between generating unit and consumer unit.

 Restriction on use of Fossil Fuel

No fossil fuel viz: coal, gas, lignite, naphtha, wood etc. shall be allowed to be used in a solar thermal power project. 

Facilitations & Incentives       

In order to achieve the targeted development of grid connected solar power, the State government will provide the following facilitations and incentives:

Single Window Clearance System   

Nodal Agency will act as single window clearance for Solar Power Projects. Nodal Agency will ensure that all relevant government orders pertaining to this policy are issued in a time bound manner by concerned departments. Facilitation in all clearances approvals, permissions and consents required from the State Government/its agencies will be the  main task of the nodal  agency as single window. Some of   the tasks of single window clearance may be outsourced by the Nodal Agency .Review of pending clearances will be done by Empowered committee from time to time.  

Other Incentives:     

 Generation of solar power will be treated as industry and as such, all relevant incentives under industrial policy of the State will be available to solar power plants.

 Transmission/distribution utility will ensure timely provision of evacuation infrastructure for the upcoming solar power plants. It will also keep the grid interactive so as to ensure fuller utilization of the plant capacity. 

Nodal Agency will facilitate allotment of land/space in control of the State Government or its agencies. 

6.2.4. Electricity duty on energy consumed by the project developer for own use, will be exempt. 

 

POWER SCENARIO

OWNERSHIP SECTOR        STATE        PRIVATE     CENTRAL       SUB-TOTAL    UNIT

THERMAL                             4673.00       3090.00        3299.87         11062.87       MW

NUCLEAR                                   0                     0               335.72             335.72         MW

HYDRO                                   524.10               0              1297.32          1821.42         MW

RES*                                      25.10             699.88               0                 724.98          MW

GRAND TOTAL                   5222.20     3789.88           4932.91        13944.99       MW

 

DISCOM RATING IN UTTAR  PRADESH

The Ministry of Power(MoP) has released its First Annual Integrated Rating of the State Electricity Distribution Utilities. The ratings were carried out by the rating agencies- ICRA Limited and CARE. In total, 39 state utilities from 20 states were rated and the utilities from Gujarat came on top with excellent ratings whereas the utilities from Uttar Pradesh came at the bottom.

 

 

The utilities were rated based on the following parameters.

Rating Parameters

The Score distribution is as follows.

Distribution

 

All Rankings

MORE DETAILS

 Solar Parks   

Through the creation of Solar Park, the State Government aims to accelerate the development of solar power generation projects and associated manufacturing facilities, through the availability of large areas of suitable land, provision of common infrastructure – including grid connection for power evacuation, water access, as well as facilitating the permitting process, internal access roads etc.  These Solar Parks may be established at appropriate locations in the state of Uttar Pradesh on PPP basis. First such park may be set up on the land available with the nodal agency. Option of availing viability Gap funding for this Infrastructure Project may be explored through “National Clean

Energy Fund”.

Rooftop Solar Power Projects  

 Solar Power projects on rooftop are an important emerging area and the state government may initiate a pilot project in association with the Government of India. Incentives provided by MNRE will be made available to eligible Project developers under this scheme.

 RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT FUND 

‘Uttar Pradesh Renewable Energy Development Fund’ shall be established for promoting generation of electricity through solar energy as well as other sources of renewable energy. Rupees 100 crores available to the Nodal Agency under budgetary head “Incentive scheme for Solar Power Generation” will be made part of this fund to start with.  In order to sustain this fund a cess may be levied on generation of electricity from sources other than ones generated through renewable energy sources. Grants from the Government of India and other grants will also be used for enhancing this fund. The Fund would be strengthened by evolving other suitable mechanisms for mobilizing   financial resources.  Nodal Agency will utilize this fund after approval from the empowered committee.    

The Nodal Agency will facilitate and assist the project developers and   undertake the following activities to achieve the objectives of the policy:

a) Responsible for carrying out all the tasks related to bidding process for solar power projects in the state. Bidding for UPPCL and for other departments who decide to set up solar power projects on land/space available with them. Departments will bear the cost related to feasibility report preparation and bid process management. Nodal Agency may charge a nominal facilitation charge for providing this service.

b) Identification of suitable locations and creation of land bank.

c) Facilitation for allotment of suitable land/space in control of State Government or its agencies.

d) Assistance in arranging right of way, water supply and connecting infrastructure like roads etc.

e) Develop appropriate manpower skills by tying up with training and educational institutions.

f) Utilisation of  funds provided under  budgetary head “Incentive scheme for Solar Power Generation”   for providing suitable payment security mechanism to the generator of Power from solar energy or any other Renewable Energy source like  costs relating to opening and maintenance of the Letter of Credit  ,  for activities like hiring of consultants  for Bid process management, Outsourcing of single window system and other incentives to be made available through this policy or on any other activity or works which are required for implementation of Solar Policy in the State.

 

To oversee, monitor and resolve various issues arising out of this policy, an Empowered committee will be constituted under the chairmanship of the Chief Secretary of the State. The committee will have the following members:-

• Chief Secretary - Chairman

• Infrastructure & Industrial Development Commissioner

• Secretary /Principal Secretary, Additional Energy Sources 

• Secretary /Principal Secretary, Finance 

• Secretary /Principal Secretary, Planning 

• Secretary /Principal Secretary, Irrigation  

• Secretary /Principal Secretary, Revenue

• Secretary /Principal Secretary, Power

• Managing Director, UPPCL  

• Managing Director, UPPTCL  

• Managing Director, Concerned DISCOM 

• Director, UPNEDA –Member Secretary

The committee shall meet on a quarterly basis and also as and when required. The committee will deliberate and decide on the following issues:-

1. Granting permission for bidding for Solar Power Projects bid out under the tariff based bidding scheme.

2. Monitoring of working of single window system.

3. Approval of utilization of funds available under budgetary head  “Incentive scheme for Solar Power Generation” and  Renewable Energy Development fund”  

4. Resolve any other Inter departmental issues that may arise from time to time and any other relevant matter.

 Qualification Criteria

S.no

Category of Plant

Size in

Technical Criteria

Financial criteria  

Developer MW

1) Small 2 to 10 Experience of successfully commissioning grid connected Solar Power

Project(s) aggregating at least Rs.10 crore in the last three years.

Net Worth*: Rs 3.00 crore /MW or equivalent US$ derived from any of the last three years annual accounts.

Annual turnover**: Rs 5 crore /MW or equivalent US$ derived from any of the last three years annual accounts

2) Medium >10 to 25 

Experience of successfully commissioning grid connected Solar Power

Project(s) aggregating at least Rs. 30 crore in the last three years.

Net Worth*:  Rs 3.00 crore /MW or equivalent US$ derived from any of the last three years annual accounts.

 Annual turnover**: Rs 5 crore /MW or equivalent US$ derived from any of the last three years annual accounts

3) Large > 25 

Experience of successfully commissioning grid connected Solar Power

Project(s) aggregating at least Rs. 50 crore in the last three years.

Net Worth*:  Rs 3.00 crore /MW or equivalent US$ derived from any of the last three years annual accounts. For every MW additional capacity, beyond 25 MW, additional net worth of Rs. 2 crore

would need to be demonstrated.

  Annual turnover**: Rs 5 crore /MW or 13 equivalent US$ derived from any of the last three years annual accounts

Internal Resource

Generation#***:- INR 2 Crore or equivalent USD per MW of the capacity, computed as five times

the maximum internal resources generated during any of the last five years business operations. 

The above mentioned financial criteria shall be computed and derived in following manner:- 

*Net Worth: = Equity share capital

  Add: Reserves

  Subtract: Revaluation Reserves

  Subtract: Intangible assets                   

  Subtract: Miscellaneous Expenditures to the extent not written off and carry forward losses                     

**Annual Turnover: =   Annual Gross Revenue Earned. 

***Internal Resource Generation: - = Profit after Tax (PAT)

Add: Depreciation and Amortization

Add: Decrease in Net Current Asset (excluding cash)

Add: Any other non cash expenditure (including deferred tax)

Subtract: Scheduled loan repayments and increase in net current assets (excluding cash)

#Note: In  case  of  application  by  one  company  for  multiple  projects  total  cumulative 14 capacity  applied  by  the  Company  shall  be  considered  for  the  purpose  of  Net Worth.

(Example:  - Company ‘A’ applying for say 3 projects of 15 MW each the Net Worth requirement shall be computed as 20X3 25X2= Rs.110 Crores)

 However, in case the application is made by two Companies of the Group, the Net Worth required shall be calculated separately for each Company. (Example: -Company ‘B’ applying for 2 project of 15   MW and  Company ‘C’  applying for  one  Projects of 20 MW then Net Worth requirement for Company ‘B” shall be 20X3 10X2 = Rs.80 Crores and for Company ‘C’ shall be 20X3 = Rs.60 Crores)

 

a) “CERC” means Central Electricity Regulatory Commission.

b)  “Distribution utility” means State owned power distribution company i.e.  Madhayanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd, Purvanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd, Pashchimanchal Vidyut Vitaran Nigam Ltd, Dakshinanchal Vidyut Vitaran Nigam Ltd or Kanpur Electricity Supply Company whichever is applicable in a particular case.

c) “Government” and “State” means the Government of Uttar Pradesh and State of Uttar Pradesh respectively.

d) “MNRE” mean Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India.

e) “Nodal Agency” means Uttar Pradesh New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (UPNEDA) designated as such by Government of Uttar Pradesh for promotion of renewable sources of energy in case of Group –I type of projects and State Irrigation Department in case of Group-II (Pilot)

f) “PPA” means Power Purchase Agreement.

g) “Transmission utility” means State owned Uttar Pradesh Power  Transmission Corporation Ltd.

h) “UPERC” means Uttar Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission.

Source

 Solar business opportunity  in Uttar pradesh

 

In Buildings 

Rooftop solar power plants, Solar Water Heaters,

Energy Efficient Lights, Energy efficient designs,

GRIHA Ratings. Solar air conditioning etc.

 

Solar business   Uttarpradesh 

 

 

In Shopping Malls 

 

Rooftop Solar Power Plants, Solar Garden lights,

 

Solar Road Studs, Solar Water Heater for Canteens,

kitchen waste plants etc.

 

Solar business scope in UP

 

In University/Colleges

 

 

 Rooftop Solar Power Plants, Solar Garden lights,

 

 

Solar Road Studs, Solar Water Heater for Canteens

and Hostels, Solar Cooking, Solar Lightings, solar

street lightings, Kitchen waste plants etc.

 

Solar business opportunity Uttarpradesh

 

 

In Hostels

 Solar Water Heaters, Biomass gasifier based cooking,

Solar Cooking, Kitchen Waste based plants, Solar

Lightings,

 

Solar business opportunity UP

 

In Vegetable Markets 

Solar Lanterns for Road Shops, Market Waste based

Plants, Solar lightings, Solar cold storages etc.

 

Solar business opportunity   Uttarpradesh

 

In Sewage Treatment Plants 

Biogas Generation Plants, Power Generation from

Biogas, Biogas Cooking, Solar lightings etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar business  Potential in Uttar pradesh

In Roads 

Solar Street Lighting Systems, Road Studs, Solar

Traffic Signals, Solar Street Light Controls etc.

 

Solar business opportunity in UP

 

 

In Transportation

 Battery Operated Vehicles, Biodiesel based Buses/

Vehicles etc.

 

Solar business opportunity  in UP

 

 

In Residential Houses 

Solar Water Heaters, Solar Power Generators, Solar

Invertors, Solar Home Lighting System etc.

 

 

Solar business opportunity 

In Advt. Hoardings 

Solar Hoardings, CFL/LED replacement in hoardings

 

Solar business opportunity Uttar pradesh

 

 

In Markets 

Solar Generators, Solar Water Heaters, Solar Power

Plants, Solar Lighting Systems, Solar Lantern etc.

 

 

Solar business opportunity 

 

In Hotels

 Solar Water Heaters for water preheating ( airconditioning plant, laundry , kitchen, swimming

pool), Waste based Plants, Solar Garden Lights, Solar

Road Studs, solar streetlights with automatic control,

 

Solar business opportunity  Uttar pradesh

 

 

 

In Hospitals 

Solar Water Heaters ( air-conditioning plant, laundry

, kitchen, incinerators/autoclaves), Solar Roof Top

Power Plants, Solar Lightings, Solar Street Lights,

Road Studs

 

Solar business opportunity 

 

 

In Restaurants 

Solar Water Heaters, Solar Lightings, Solar Cooking,

Gasifier Based Cooking

 

Solar business  UP

In Schools 

Solar Cooking for Midday Meals, Solar Lightings,

 

Solar business     in UP

In Data Center 

Solar lighting , solar air conditioning

 

 

Solar and other business opportunity 

In MSW Sites 

Suitable Technology for MSW Treatment i.e.,

Inciration, Landfill, Biomethanation, Palletization

 

Solar and other business opportunity 

 

In Industry 

Waste heat recovery, process heat recovery, biogas

production for thermal and captive  power plant

,biomass gasification, cogeneration , biomass based

power plants, SPV power plants inplaceof

conventional diesel generation, Solar Water Heaters,

solar street lights for industry campus with automatic

control, solar drying, Solar air conditioning etc.

 

================================================================================

 

 

This blog consists of three parts 

Part I deals with latest solar energy news from Uttar Pradesh

 Part II deals mostly with the Government regulations and guidelines for solar energy in Uttar Pradesh.

 Part III deals with solar energy business opportunities, solar energy business strategy, and solar energy investment required for different types of businesses all catering to the Private sector from large corporates to small medium ones. 

 Part I

 Latest News – Uttar Pradesh Solar Energy

 Part II

Solar irradiation in Uttar Pradesh

Demographics of Uttar Pradesh

UPNEDA

Solar power projects in Uttar Pradesh

Solar city of Uttar Pradesh

 

Part III

 The solar energy business potential in Uttar Pradesh and Business opportunities in Uttar Pradesh

 

=====================================

SOLAR NEWS

 

*SOLAR PLANT INAUGURATED AT IIT KANPUR,UP!!!! 8th july 2013

To encourage research in alternative sources of energy, Solar Energy Research Enclave has been set up at Indian Institute of Technology-


Chairman of the Board of Governors of -K, M Anandkrishnan inaugurated the building, a first of its kinds in an educational institute in the country, in which the solar energy plant provides 250 units of power more..

 

 

*'POWER HAS TO BE PRODUCED AT AN AFFORDABLE PRICE' :CHIDAMBARAM 2 july 2013

"Power has to be produced at an affordable price, fertiliser has to be produced at affordable prices. Those issues will be addressed," Finance Minister P Chidambaram told a news conference, adding prices could be "tweaked" for these sectors.more

 

*INDIA TO ACHIEVE ENERGY INDEPENDENCE BY 2030!!??

India wants to achieve energy independence by 2030. Three recent developments show how far it is from this laudable goal.

Exhibit 1: One of the stories that emerged during the visit last week by US secretary of state John Kerry was intriguing. The US offered priority access to its shale gas output as long as India agreed to cut oil imports from Iran, a country that the US is trying to isolate.Exhibit 2: A recent Bloomberg report highlighted how India’s coal-fired power plants burnt up the scarce resource at their fastest pace in 31 years.  Exhibit 3, mis-pricing of energy resources at both production and consumption ends. A good example of this is how the government has dealt with the pricing of natural gas.MORE.. -

*UPNEDA AND NHPC TO SET UP 100MW SOLAR POWER PLANT IN JALAUN ,UP28 june 2013 

 

The Uttar Pradesh cabinet on Thursday gave its approval to establish a joint venture company of the Uttar Pradesh New and Renewable Energy Development Agency and National Hydroelectric Power Corporation to tap the solar energy potential of the state.MORE.. 

 

*SOLAR REC'S DROP TO FLOOR PRICE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!28 june 2013

 

Indian solar-energy credits in June fell as much as 19 percent from the previous month, sinking to their floor price for the first time since trading began last year as new sun-powered plants came on line.The credits, which power-distribution companies and industrial consumers buy to meet clean-energy mandates, sold for 9,300 rupees ($154), according to  Indian Electricity Exchange and the Power Exchange of India.more..

 

Will this trigger the sale of solar REC ????or backfire???

 

*IFC’s INVESTMENT IN GREEN BUSINESS IN INDIA IN 2012-13 JUMPED TO $362 MILLION24 june 2013  

The World Bank’s private sector lending arm, International Finance Corporation (IFC), sees a bright future in the Indian renewable energy sector.By the end of this month, its investment in Indian renewable energy and clean technology sectors that began in 2009-10 would have exceeded $1 billion (R5,900 crore).more..  

*COST OF SOLAR POWER AT RS 5.50/UNIT- PLANS MNRE 

NEW DELHI: To give a boost to its efforts to bring down the cost of solar power in India, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is planning to roll out large megawatt size solar power projects, in the order of 500 MW and above. MORE.

Rajasthan turned up lowest bid at Rs 6.45 but not many takers.  

 Similarly in AP too there were not many takers at Rs 6.49

  However, TN has achieved 690 MW at Rs 6.48 with 5 % escalation clause  

 * 3-25KW SOLAR GENSET STARTING AT RUPEES 5 LAKHS!!!  

Jakson Power Solutions is venturing into solar gensets, a territory where no established power player has gone before.To be launched in the next few weeks, the 3-25 kilowatt solar gensets with a starting price of Rs 5 lakh mark yet another unconventional growth strategy for a company which was a conventional diesel generator manufacturer till 2009..MORE.. 

*35% HIKE IN POWER TARIFF IN UTTARPRADESH ! 

Lucknow: The power tariff hike announced on May 31 came into effect in Uttar Pradesh today. Domestic users would now pay 35 percent more for power, while the rural sector would have to pay 45 percent more.
For bills till June 9, the old power tariff structure would be used..MORE.. JUN 10 

*AKHILESH YADAV JUSTIFIES POWER TARIFF HIKE IN UP  

Justifying the recent hike in power tariff, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav today said it was necessary as the power department was running into losses.
"The power department is in loss. We want the (power) situation to improve. The hike will affect heavy power users and poor will be take care of," Yadav told reporters.
Holding the previous BSP regime responsible for the power crisis, Yadav said his government was working to increase power production. The Uttar Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission had on May 31 approved a new power tariff structure, effecting a significant hike for domestic and commercial consumers.MORE.. JUN 10   

*SHEILA DIKSHIT DONS THE RENEWABLE ENERGY CAP POWERED BY THE SUN ;SOLAR POWER MIGHT POWER MIGHT PROVIDE RESPITE TO THE CITIZENS OF DELHI

The World Environment Day being celebrated on 5th June 2013 and the foray of BYPL in to solar power generation seem to have coincided for the larger good of the Delhites. Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit dedicated to the Capital a 345 kW solar energy project under which power distribution company BSES Yamuna Power Limited (BYPL) has started generating power through 1,257 solar panels that have been installed on the roof-tops of eight BYPL offices, including seven grid stations and two car parks. Source JUN 7

 *AAP LAUNCHES SIGNATURE DRIVE AGAINST POWER TARIFF HIKE 

Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) leader Arvind Kejriwal, who claims to have got over 10 lakh signatures in support of his campaign against "inflated" power bills in New Delhi, announced a similar campaign in Uttar Pradesh on Tuesday — four days after the state government hiked the electricity tariff for different categories of consumers.

"While the state government is offering freebies such as laptops and unemployment doles, it is at the same time recovering twice their cost by hiking the tariff of electricity. What kind of politics is this?" asked Sanjay Singh, AAP national spokesperson and former MP.

*POWER DEPARTMENT TO INSPECT POWER THEFT IN UP

VARANASI: The power department is all set to put a check on power theft in six power distribution divisions under Purvanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (PVVNL), Varanasi. These divisions include Gorakhpur, Basti, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mirzapur, and Azamgarh. Managing director, PVVNL, Alok Kumar has directed chief engineers of all the above stated regions to take elaborate action to stop power theft in their respective regions and update the discom head office,Varanasi with the daily progress report. MORE

*DELHI FACES POWER CUTS DUE TO POOR INFRASTRUCTURE!! 

*DERC HAS DECIDED TO GIVE CHEAPER POWER TO VIP AREAS

 Regulator DERC has decided to give relief to VIP areas under the New Delhi Municipal Council.They will have to pay less for electricity from June to August. The decision was taken before the Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission was to start public hearings for determining power tariff in the city.MORE..

 *SAME CONSULTANT PROPOSES AND CLEARS ELECTRICITY HIKE IN UTTAR PRADESH!! 

LUCKNOW: After the power tariff hike, comes the real shocker. TOI has in its possession of documents which show that the consultant who proposed the steep power hike by Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Ltd (UPPCL) was also the one who got this cleared at UP Electricity Regulatory Commission (UPERC), in clear violation of all norms. MORE. 

*OPPOSITION DEMANDS AKHILESH YADAV TO ROLL BACK ELECTRICITY TARIFF IN UP 

Opposition BSP today demanded that the Akhilesh Yadavgovernment immediately roll back power tariff hike in Uttar Pradesh, failing which Samajwadi Party (SP) would pay the price in the nextLok Sabha elections. 
Senior Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) leaders Swami Prasad Maurya and Naseemuddin Siddiqui told reporters that in its election manifesto for the state polls, SP had promised free electricity for farmers. 
The SP government, however, had aslo hiked the power tariff for rural areas and tubewells, which would hit the farmers, they said. 
The BSP leaders alleged that the government was "misleading" the people on the issue. MORE..   

*NEW DELHI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL AREA TO PAY LESS FOR POWER

Even as the rest of the city awaits a new tariff schedule, the VIP New Delhi Municipal Council area will have to pay less for power starting June 1 to August 31. The Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission has allowed a reduction of one per cent in the power tariffs in the NDMC area, based on the power purchase-cost adjustment charges (PPAC).The Commission has allowed one per cent surcharge that replaces the earlier surcharge of two per cent.The DERC received the NDMC’s PPAC surcharge petition for the quarter January-March 2013, wherein it had sought an increase of 0.86 per cent on account of PPAC for quarter 4. MORE..

*DELHI DISCOM TO INCREASE ITS SUPPLY THIS MONTH

 BSES Rajdhani Power Limited (BRPL) said it will ramp up its infrastructure and enhance its network's capacity. This is despite financial constraints in "the absence of cost-reflective tariff".MORE..

*DELHI: GOVT CLEARS 8 FDI PROPOSAL INCLUDING ACME ENERGY  

The government today said it has approved eight FDI proposals worth Rs 696 crore, including those of ACME Solar Energy, GETIT Infoservices and McKinsey & Company.
The Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) cleared the proposal of ACME Solar Energy to bring in foreign investment worth Rs 275 crore, the Finance Ministry said in a statement.MORE..

ACME SOLAR IS GOING TO SET UP A 25 MW SOLAR PLANT IN MADHYA PRADESH.  

*SINGAPORE TO INVEST IN UP FOR SOLAR POWER PROJECTS!? 

A government-cum-business delegation from Singapore Friday visited the Uttar Pradesh capital and evinced interest in investment opportunities.The team showed interest in upcoming infrastructure projects, the proposed IT city in Lucknow, the trans-Ganga project near Kanpur, solid waste management, solar power, road and the proposed Greater Noida Night Safari.MORE.. 

*ONGC PLANS TO SET UP 6.5GW RENEWABLE ENERGY PLANTS30 TH MAY MORE..

*UTTAR PRADESH POWER PROBLEMS TAKE A TOLL ON SAMAJWADI PARTY25 MAY MORE..

*UP VILLAGE GETS ELECTRICITY FIRST TIME IN 65YEARS

A village in India's most populous state of Uttar Pradesh recently got electricity for the first time - 65 years after independence. The BBC Hindi's Nitin Srivastava visits Chibaukhera to find out how the lives of more than 100 families have changed.Fifty-one-year old Ram Achal is a relaxed man these days.For many years, he travelled to a neighbouring village daily to recharge his mobile phone because there was no electricity at home.MORE..

*MNRE HAS MOOTED A 1.9 LAKH CRORE DEBT RESTRUCTING PLAN !!    NEW DELHI: Indicating that the Ministry has done its part in helping with discoms debt rejig, Power Minister Jyotiraditya Scindiatoday said that it was now for the states "to do their job".  Faced with mounting financial woes of state-run power distribution companies (discoms), the Centre has mooted a Rs 1.9 lakh crore debt restructuring plan for them. more..

 *NO RESPITE FOR DISCOMS BY GOVERNMENT FOR POWER CUTS AS POWER REACHES HIGHEST AT 4955MW!!

With power outages continuing in the city despite government's tall claims of giving24X7 power supply, power department on Wednesday pulled up the discoms asking them to improve supply. 
  Alarmed over complaints power secretary Shakti Sinha had held a meeting with top officials of the three discoms. The searing heat on Wednesday pushed the power demand in the capital to over 4,955MW, the highest of the year more..

*INDUSTRIAL UNITS  IN DELHI FORCED  CURTAIL PRODUCTION BY ABOUT 25 PERCENT  DUE TO POWER CUT!!! 

Unscheduled power cuts in the Delhi-National Capital Region have forced thousands of industrial units to curtail production by about 25 per cent in the last 30 days, industry chamber Assocham said on Tuesday.“The loss of industrial production is likely to exceed 40-45 per cent in June and July,” it said after receiving feedback from its constituents in these regions.MORE.. 

*NEW FUND TO REDUCE COSTS FOR SOLAR POWER PROJECTS 

A demand for the creation of a separate window under the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) has been made by the industry. It may provide a boost to the country’s domestic solar energy projects by providing easy access to finance for such clean energy technology, the industry has stated in a FICCI white paper.The paper on reducing the cost of finance for solar energy projects through NCEF has been submitted to the government for consideration.

The Fund was announced in the budget 2011-12 and is expected to be a step for funding research and innovative projects in clean energy technology. The white paper in essence, suggests innovative models for sharing and distribution of risk and cost of financing through NCEF as the cost of financing from the domestic Financial Institutions is high. MORE..

The ministry is gradually running out of funds allocated for giving  subsidies , this is a fact .But the advise by FICCI is not germane as it was already commented by  joint secretary  Tarun Kapoor in RENERGY 2013 in chennai  "We are currently getting part of the funds used for subsidy from the National Clean Energy Fund and we are talking to them for more funds," he added.

*10 year PPA for Solar Power from UP government  ! 

Competitive bidding ! Only those who own lands - land lease doc or land purchase doc a must !The Uttar Pradesh government has decided to attract private investment in the solar power generation sector by offering competitive tariff to those willing to establish such plants in 13 months' time, with the condition to directly sell power generated to UP Power Corporation Ltd for 10 years.Given that UP is overdrawing from the grid to the tune of 2000 MW,  the UP gov could have gone for a 1000 MW bidding. 

  New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (NEDA) has been given the task to take up "tariff-based competitive bidding" for purchase of 200 MW power from solar photovoltaic projects to be established in the state.

 

 

NTPC AND UPRVUNL MERGE!! 

At present, solar power generation in the state is only around 13 MW that comes through small projects and the average rate provided for purchase through grid is around Rs 5. However, in the competitive bidding, the companies will offer tariff at which they will be able to provide solar power to the state, taking into account their investment.

NTPC and Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan (UPRVUNL) have formed a joint venture company, namely, Meja Urja Nigam Pvt. Ltd. (incorporated on 02.04.2008) through 50:50 shareholding for undertaking the establishment and operation & maintenance of 2x660 MW (1320 MW) coal based thermal power project at Meja Tehsil in Allahabad. 

The award for Steam Generator Package was placed on 30.04.2012 and Turbine Generator Package on 01.05.2012. progressing as per schedule. The construction of the project is progressing as per schedule.

SOURCE

 The rate of Rs 5 is very very low. Hope it doesnt go the Andhra way of coming up with an unviable price of Rs 6.48/ unit.

 

 

 

The UPPCL will then enter into a 10-year power purchase agreement with the firms offering the lowest tariffs. A similar model for solar power projects is adopted in states like Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Tamil Nadu. While Gujarat, a leader in the field, offers around Rs 15 per unit for solar power, states like Rajasthan offer land as an incentive.

 

 

 

In the first phase, Uttar Pradesh has decided to only offer to bear the expenditure on the construction of transmission line and substation for projects that will come up in the Bundelkhand region. For the rest of the state, this cost will be borne by the developer. Sources said that in the pre-bid meeting that took place recently, some of the companies demanded that land also be given by the state government on lease basis as an incentive since land acquisition is a cumbersome process.

 

*Evacuation infrastructure in Budelkhand region comes free is surprising.

 

The new land purchase policy is still in the making and that leaves only the landlords eligible. Odd. 

 

But the state government, which is still in the process of finalising its new land acquisition policy, has decided that applications of only those investors would be accepted who would present either "land lease" or "land purchase document". The developer will be required to show that he is in possession of at least two hectares of land for generation of every megawatt solar energy. source

 

 Those interested in setting up a solar power plant email

 

mano@eai.in

 

 

*Power ministry reveals Uttar Pradesh tops the list of power offenders

Delhi's giant neighbour Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the worst in the country when it comes to overdrawal of power, data compiled by the power ministry has revealed. This revelation should be a cause of concern for the National Capital - especially with the peak summer season round the corner-as it too draws power from the northern grid along with UP. From April 2012 till February 2013, UP withdrew an extra 2,371 MW.SOURCE


INDIA DRAGS US TO WTO FOR VIOLATION OF GREEN ENERGY TRADING!!!

 Two months after it was taken to the World Trade Organization by the US government on the renewable energy (RE) sector, the Indian government has done likewise.

It has made a complaint to WTO’s dispute settlement body, alleging the US, both at the federal and state levels, is offering subsidy programmes in the sector for local content requirements, making the entry of Indian companies difficult and breaching global trading rules.MORE... 

INDIA PLANS MORE SUBSIDIES FOR SOLAR POWER!!!!

MUMBAI—The Indian government will unveil proposed regulations Monday to create subsidies and expand a "Buy Indian" mandate to give a boost to its lackluster solar-power sector, putting it on a collision course with the U.S.

 

[image]

 

The new rules will extend local content requirements, which so far have been restricted to a type of technology known as silicon wafers, to thin-film cells as well, Tarun Kapoor, joint secretary in India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, told The Wall Street Journal.

 

 

 . SOURCE

 

UP seeks private investment for 200 MW solar power  

The Uttar Pradesh government has decided to attract private investment in the solar power generation sector by offering competitive tariff to those willing to establish such plants in 13 months' time, with the condition to directly sell power generated to UP Power Corporation Ltd for 10 years.

New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (NEDA) has been given the task to take up "tariff-based competitive bidding" for purchase of 200 MW power from solar photovoltaic projects to be established in the state source

 

 

Uttar Pradesh recently announced its intention to setup solar PV capacity in the state by releasing a tender for the procurement of 200 MW of Solar PV. This comes close on the heels of the previous solar policy announcment which detailed plans to add 500 MW of solar capacity in the state by March 2017.

 

Some of the excerpts from the RfP are presented below

 

  • Total Capacity Available – 200 MW
  • Minimum Capacity  – 5 MW
  • Maximum Capacity – 50 MW (with multiples of 5 MW for any capacity between min and max)
  • It is important to note that the capacities stated here are AC capacities and NOT DC capacities. What this means is that in all likelihood, the DC rating (module rating and hence number of modules required) would be higher than the AC rating.
  • The plants are expected to have a minimum Capacity Utilisation Factor(CUF) of 15%
  • Off-taker – UPPCL
  • PPA Term – 10 years. This is the shortest PPA in terms of time frame amongst the prevalent state solar policies.
  • Possibility to extend PPA beyond the 10 year duration (for an additional 15 years) at prevailing APPC price.
  • It seems that UPPCL would be paying the APPC price, while the government foots the difference between the APPC price and the tariff quoted. The government willl not pay the difference beyond 10 years and hence power would have to be sold at APPC price after the 10th year.
  • Expenditure on the construction of transmission line and substation will be borne by the State Government on all the projects in the Bundelkhand region only.
  • Net Worth Criteria – Rs. 3.5 Crores per MW upto 25 MW; Rs. 2.5 crores per MW for additional capacity above 25 MW.
  • Part commissioning of projects is allowed (in multiples of 5 MW) with PPA being enforced for a period of 10 years from the date of commissioning of each part.
  • Selection process is through standard reverse-bidding selection. L1 would not be enforced on all bidders.
  • The detailed timeline for the RfP process can be seen from the image below.

 

 

A pre-bid meeting is scheduled to be held on 4th April 2013 for any clarifications. The RfP can be downloaded in its entirety here.

 

 

Vital stats

Capacity: The minimum capacity of the project is 5MW and the maximum is 50MW. The plant capacity is to be in multiples of 5 MW. The total capacity of Solar PV Projects to be allocated to a Company including its Parent, Affiliate or Ultimate Parent or any Group Company shall be limited to 50 MW.

CUF: A minimum of 15% to be maintained in any given contract year.

PPA duration: 10  years. Then it may be extended for another 15 years but without budgetary support from the state government.

 

Qualification Requirements:

Net worth – 3.5 Crores/ MW for upto 25MW

2.5 Crores/MW for additional capacity above 25MW

Technical Experience -either from the construction work undertaken/ commissioned by the bidder, or from revenues, or from both, during the 5 years preceding the application date

Land Evidence – 2 hectares /MW

 

Monetary Payments:

RfP non-refundable fee of Rs.11,025/-

Processing fee : Rs. 1 Lakh

Bid Bond: Rs. 20 Lakhs/MW

Contract Performance Guarantee: Rs. 75 Lakhs/MW

 

Biding Timelines:

Bid due date: 12:00 hours on 25/04/2013.

Pre Bid Meeting to be held on 03 Apr 2013 at 12.00 Noon at UPNEDA Office, Lucknow.

 

 

 

 w.

 

 

 

 

 

Eexcerpts from the RfP are presented below

  • Total Capacity Available – 200 MW
  • Minimum Capacity  – 5 MW
  • Maximum Capacity – 50 MW (with multiples of 5 MW for any capacity between min and max)
  • It is important to note that the capacities stated here are AC capacities and NOT DC capacities. What this means is that in all likelihood, the DC rating (module rating and hence number of modules required) would be higher than the AC rating.
  • The plants are expected to have a minimum Capacity Utilisation Factor(CUF) of 15%
  • Off-taker – UPPCL
  • PPA Term – 10 years. This is the shortest PPA in terms of time frame amongst the prevalent state solar policies.
  • Possibility to extend PPA beyond the 10 year duration (for an additional 15 years) at prevailing APPC price.
  • It seems that UPPCL would be paying the APPC price, while the government foots the difference between the APPC price and the tariff quoted. The government willl not pay the difference beyond 10 years and hence power would have to be sold at APPC price after the 10th year.
  • Expenditure on the construction of transmission line and substation will be borne by the State Government on all the projects in the Bundelkhand region only.
  • Net Worth Criteria – Rs. 3.5 Crores per MW upto 25 MW; Rs. 2.5 crores per MW for additional capacity above 25 MW.
  • Part commissioning of projects is allowed (in multiples of 5 MW) with PPA being enforced for a period of 10 years from the date of commissioning of each part.
  • Selection process is through standard reverse-bidding selection. L1 would not be enforced on all bidders.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uttar Pradesh Solar Power Policy 2013 March 20th, 2013

The state of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) in  has announced its solar policy ‘Solar Power Policy Uttar Pradesh 2013′ with a target to reach 500 MW of installed capacity of SPP in the state by March 2017. This policy will come into effect from the date of issuance and shall remain in operation up to 31st March 2017. However, no benefit of this policy will be available to projects set up under any incentive scheme of MNRE.

More importantly within days of its official release, interested bidders were invited to submit their respective response to Request for Proposal (RfP). The competitive bidding will be held for a capacity of 200 MW and the last date for submission is 24th April 2013( refer).

Prominent features:

  • Grid connected solar power projects will be implemented on suitable land banks identified and procured by the developer. In case of Projects to be set up on government land or space, selection of the developer will be done by the department or nodal agency through a transparent process.
  • Minimum 5 MW capacity solar power projects will be covered under this policy.
  • The energy generated from solar power projects that are commissioned during this policy period can be sold to distribution utility UPPCL or to third party or for captive use.

Sale of energy to local DISCOM:

  • Projects developers willing to sell their electricity to the distribution company of the state will compulsorily have to participate in the competitive bidding process for tariff determination, subject to approval from UPERC.
  • In case the bids are received for an aggregate capacity more than 200 MW, selection of bidders shall be done on the basis of lowest quoted tariff in ascending order.
  • UPPCL will sign PPA with successful bidders for a period of 10 years.
  • For PPAs signed as a result of competitive bidding, difference in the case I bidding tariff arrived at by UPPCL for purchase of conventional power and the price of solar power discovered through this bidding shall be payable to the distribution utility for power purchased from solar power projects for first 200 MW of solar power commissioned under this policy for a period of 10 years. Budgetary support provided by the State Government to the Nodal Agency under the budgetary head “Incentive scheme for Solar Power Generation” will be utilized for these purposes.

Sale of energy to third party:

Project developers can sale their power to a third party but no PPA would allowed even in future date with distribution utility. Projects under this route will have to register with the nodal agency, sign an agreement and furnish a performance bank guarantee till the commissioning of the project.

However, Subsidy or GBIs will not be available to such projects.

Captive sale of solar power:

Solar power plants of above 5 MW capacities to be built for captive use will also be eligible for the incentives under this policy with wheeling arrangement.

Timeframe:

Time frame for commissioning of Solar PV projects will be 13 months and solar thermal projects would be 28 months from the date of signing of PPA.

Grid connectivity & evacuation infrastructure:

  • The responsibility of getting connectivity with the transmission system owned by the Discom/STU  will lie with the Project Developer.
  • The cost of the transmission line up to the “feed in substation” viz the point of interconnection  where the metering is done shall be borne by the Solar Project Developer.
  • However the entire cost of transmission including cost of  construction of line, wheeling charges, losses etc. will be borne by the Project  Developer and will not be met by the STU/Discom.

The Policy can be found here  - Uttar Pradesh Solar Power Policy 2013

 

Electricity bills have reduced hugely due to use of solar power in govt offices

Use of solar appliances has helped in reducing government's electricity bills by Rs 7.42 lakhs. This became possible after solar appliances helped in generating an average of 1.83 lakh units of power every month for Lal Bahadur Shastri Bhavan which is better known as the state annexe.

The development has given officials in the power starved state a reason to smile. There are some 20 government buildings in the state that consume volumes of power each day to fulfill the usual demand of lights, fans and air conditioning. Electricity is also needed to run the elevators and provide a back up to computer servers.
The energy saved would therefore be a significant contribution to the pool.

Take the example of the state annexe. As per data gathered from electricity maintenance division of public works department, the annexe building consumed 4.67 lakh units of electricity per month last year. This time however, the average consumption of power stands at 2.84 lakh units per month. This has reflected in the electricity bill for annexe. Against an average bill of 18.91 lakh per month in the previous year, the annexe building's power consumption generated a bill of Rs 11.49 lakhs per month. Considering the trend, experts estimate an overall saving of Rs 89 lakh units for the year. 

In another development, energy saving efforts undertaken by officials at Bapu Bhavan - a complex of offices for government babus - have been able to bring down their electricity bills from 3.38 lakh units per month in 2010 to 2.28 lakh units in 2011.

Source

UP gets some of the limelight

Much attention has been paid to the distributed clean energy revolution brewing in Bihar. But for all the hype generated by Minister Kumar, what's happening next door in Uttar Pradesh may be even more exciting. The state is quickly becoming a hotbed for distributed solar activity. Two companies OMC, and Mera Gao, are leading the way already reaching thousands of villagers with innovative solar mini-grid models. Now it appears these models have caught the attention of the UP government which recently announced a 1 GW solar policy. While much depends on how that policy is designed, what these companies are doing today is already putting UP at the forefront of India's attempts to deliver on energy access.

  Let's start with OMC who is one of the first players making good on the promise to ditch the grid by delivering community power. To say they are leapfrogging the grid would be an understatement. They are not only ditching the grid, they are ditching wires all together by replacing them with people. Every day they charge hundreds of lanterns and Bijlee boxes (Hindi for electricity) at one of their solar stations which are then delivered by truck to neighboring villages. Their 'light wallah's' then pick the lanterns up in the morning to recharge.   The best part, while financier after financier told them this would never work, the community power side of their business is booming, and far more important to their bottom line than serving the off-grid tower.  In fact, within just a few months OMC is seeing its customers move up the energy ladder requesting new services like TV's, and Radios. But that's only the beginning. Power is an intervention that makes any number of transformative things possible and OMC has a number of innovations waiting in the wings so keep an eye on them.   But even better than the impact they are having is how fast they are doing it. OMC estimates that a new plant takes 30 days to complete from start to finish. That's right one month. A new coal plant takes 5-7 years if you're lucky, costs billions, and the power never reaches UP. Oh and it creates just a handful of local jobs.   OMC on the other hand estimates its direct job creation at roughly 10-15 people per solar station. Just one of its solar stations is now serving nearly 1,000 households. But they have built five separate 9-18 Kw solar stations and plan to scale up to 350 plants in 2013. That means they'll reach over 5 million people the grid never would have no matter how many billions were poured into it.   Just as exciting as OMC's 30 day kilowatt scale mini-grids, are Mera Gao's 'mini', mini-grids. The company has found a niche building watt scale mini-grids. These grids are run off of 'solar plants' ranging anywhere from 120-240 watts and are installed in a single day on individual rooftops. They then run wires to neighboring houses.   Given their scale the company thinks of themselves as a lighting utility demonstrating that differentiation is already taking place in the UP off grid solar market. It's important to note that the technological leap forward that made this model possible was the hyper efficient LED light which significantly reduces the size of all other components of the system. Efficiency first indeed.   While at first glance Mera Gao's scale may seem restrictive given that OMC's customers are already clamoring to climb up the energy ladder. But consider the serious advantages to operating at a smaller scale. Mera Gao's lightning quick installations and low capital costs makes them an incredibly nimble player capable of finally ending the scourge of kerosene.   But scale isn't the only unique component of Mera Gao's business. Just like Stima's operations in Africa, Mera Gao relies on social persuasion to ensure payment. If anyone on the mini-grid takes more than their fair share, or fails to pay, others on the grid will quickly rectify the situation;  Because if they don't, their lights get turned off.   It's a very smart and effective way to ensure payment and equity within the system.   Regardless of their differences just like OMC, Mera Gao is experiencing rapid growth whose benefits are directly captured by local communities. They source all their employees from local villages and have already moved several employees up the ranks to manager. These managers are now drawing in employees from local villages creating a virtuous cycle of employment where little opportunity exists.   It's worth noting that across the country in Kutch one of the largest complaints locals have against the enormous Tata Mundra plant is that cheap outside labor is brought in during the construction phase, while outside technical experts are brought in to run the project once it is built. That means locals get little to no employment benefit while they suffer the toxic pollution created by the plant.   Of course both companies told me that financier after financier told them this could never work. People would never pay, clean energy was too expensive, and the models made no sense. While these very serious people are busy financing a failing grid, OMC and Mera Gao are building a better world. First they ignore you then they laugh at you...   With OMC and Mera Gao taking UP into the 21st century UP is primed to leapfrog Bihar as the most attractive off grid market. It is a densely populated rural state with only 32% of its villages electrified and a huge population begging for power. More importantly, like Minister Kumar they are realizing that actually delivering energy access can help ensure their political future. That means supporting this fledgling industry and ensuring more and more solar mini-grids bring power to the people. When that happens, the world will wake up to see India with not one, but two states home to a total of 300 million people moving from darkness to light.   Source

Police Stations turn to solar power for back up

The computers at police stations across the state will not shut down in case of a power failure in the near future. Reason: the state police headquarters has initiated the process of providing solar power back-up to the police stations.

With computerisation of police stations across the state expected to be completed by December 2014, the state police headquarters has been offering solar power backup to electric gadgets including computers, printers and scanners to police stations.

In fact, the solar power backup project has been completed in 12 districts under the first phase. These districts include three Naxal affected districts of Sonbhadra, Chandauli and Mirzapur. The other districts are Khiri, Pilibhit, Bahraich, Balrampur, Maharajganj, Siddarthnagar and Shravasti and two on UP-Bihar border - Ghazipur and Ballia.

Deputy SP, police welfare, Ashutosh Mishra told TOI that "we will be giving solar power backup to electronic gadgets at police stations for uninterrupted power supply through solar power plants so that work at police stations could not be affected."With power-backs available round the clock, internet linking and exchange of data too would be ensured all the time.

Under the first phase, four solar power plants of 10 KW were installed in 12 districts and with the help of solar power plants and it will be giving power backup to all electric equipment including computers, printers, scanners and other apparatuses for more than six hours.

He said, "The problem of power cuts could be tackled at police stations and offices after electronic gadgets will be getting power backup. It will also help in energy conservation. Solar power backup is more required in the police stations located in rural areas which face long power cuts."

Source

======================================================================================================================================================================================== 

Uttar Pradesh

With only a 2MW solar plant operational under the RPGSSP scheme, the state is yet to give importance to a solar policy due to its fiscal issues.

The overall state solar power programme’s have been extremely inconsistent and minimal in its implementation even almost 2 years now into the JNNSM program with small capacity allocations in a few states. All the allocations put together across states can’t match that of either Gujarat or JNNSM.

This proves to an extent that solar as a grid solution is unviable in the long run and the off grid potential needs to be exploited further without the need for government subsidy. I also see an exponential growth phase once costs steady around Rs. 6-7 crores per MWp and efficiencies cross 20% since solar will take over where wind has left off.

4/6/2012

 

Centre okays power for 507 UP villages

 

Electrification for UP's 507 villages and hamlets has been done on the basis of a state government undertaking that they are not covered under the Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana. 

For its implementation, the Union government will bear 90% of the total costs for the electrification work. This will include the Centre providing basic facilities for electricity and lighting through a range of renewable energy sources. 

Depending upon the availability of resources in the concerned region, the funds can also be used by the state to set up small hydro-power generation systems, biomass gasification based electricity generation systems or solar photovoltaic power plants, in distributed power generation mode. 

 

Although, centre has okayed many renewable sources, i think it will be predominantly solar energy that will be used with biomass power.

  

* AGRA becomes a Solar City      http://www.mnre.gov.in/akshayurja/akshayurja-april-2011/agra.pdf

 

* Solid solar (by Gautam Polymers) India's largest solar lights manufacturer for last 15 yrs is working in over 2000 villages to deliver light and power to un-electrified villages in pay when you use business model. In a project with TERI and UPNEDA, it is working with village level entrepreneurs to put up mini grids for rural electrification, solar lantern and mobile charging stations that rent out lights or power on a daily basis to end users. This brings down costs for villagers as they get electricity on a pay as you use basis and also gives them a local sales and service point. This is a win - win situation for villagers where employment is getting generated apart from getting access to clean power.

 

Also , solid solar has tied up with various Grameen banks like Aryavart gramin bank to provide financing to end users on solar home systems and solar power packs that run tv , fans etc. As Director, Mrs Shubhra Mohanka puts it "with over 1 lac un-electrified villages, there is a still long way to go. But with every village we light up, we are motivated to go a step further. It was a moment of pride for us when solid solar lanterns lit up India gate during earth hour when all lights were switched off ". To further solid solar Endeavour in villages, international finance corporation (member of World Bank group) is providing business advisory services for training of bank managers to provide end user financing of solar home systems. This gives a ray of hope to un-electrified villages, where clean solar power becomes more affordable.

 

Notes to Editor

 

Solid Solar (by Gautam Polymers) is India's Largest Solar lights manufacturer & leading provider of rooftop solar power plants working in solar industry for last 15 yrs. The rooftop Solar power plant is Division is led by Ms. Shubhra Mohanka, a well seasoned solar professional and alumni of St. Stephens College & MDI Gurgaon. The company has several innovations and patents in area of solar under their belt.

 

The company's mission is to generate power at the point of consumption and do away with high Transmission & Distribution losses. Keeping the mission in mind & following it with their actions, they have set-up solar power plants in various places like Jantar mantar & Safdar jung tomb, German school, bank branches, IIT Kanpur, BHU Varanasi, etc. They are in the process of completing the set-up of a 100KWp solar power plant for the highest no. of patent holder in India. This plant will feed solar energy in a factory manufacturing medical diagnostic kits.

Solid solar is an accredited channel partners with the ministry of new & renewable energy (Govt. of India) and provides its customers with various benefits like availing subsidy & getting accelerated tax depreciation.

As India's Largest Solar Lights Manufacturer Solid Solar (by Gautam Polymers) works with over 1500 village level entrepreneurs to rent solar lights to rural end users in unelectrified areas. The company has also tied up with Grameen Banks to provide financing of solar systems to rural end users. Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, June 14, 2012 /India PRwire/ -- 

 

 

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PART II

 

Solar irradiation in Uttar Pradesh:

 

Uttar Pradesh receives good amount of sunshine throughout the year. 

 

The annual average solar radiation in Uttar Pradesh is about 4-6 Kwh/m2/day.

 

 

Solar irradiation of Uttar Pradesh cities monthwise:

 

 City

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

July

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Avg

Agra

3.58

4.65

5.53

5.96

6.33

5.98

4.94

4.51

4.68

4.69

3.91

3.42

4.85

Aligarh

3.58

4.65

5.53

5.95

6.33

5.98

4.94

4.51

4.68

4.69

3.92

3.42

4.85

Allahabad

3.79

4.83

5.93

6.39

6.55

5.68

4.56

4.31

4.48

4.8

4.23

3.6

4.93

Bareilly

3.73

4.85

5.97

6.89

7.39

6.51

5.16

4.65

4.88

5.18

4.3

3.64

5.26

Benares

3.84

4.98

6.02

6.56

6.48

5.85

4.47

4.43

4.36

4.7

4.26

3.72

4.97

Delhi

3.71

4.64

5.73

6.17

6.39

6.04

5.19

4.78

4.99

4.79

4.07

3.45

5.00

Etawah

3.68

4.7

5.66

6.05

6.39

5.85

4.81

4.47

4.54

4.8

4.05

3.55

4.88

Farrukhabad

3.72

4.75

5.71

6.64

6.39

5.98

5.01

4.49

4.78

4.93

4.05

3.5

5.00

Firozabad

3.58

4.65

5.53

5.96

6.33

5.98

4.94

4.51

4.68

4.69

3.91

3.42

4.85

Ghaziabad

3.71

4.64

5.73

6.17

6.39

6.04

5.19

4.78

4.99

4.79

4.07

3.45

5.00

Gorakhpur

3.41

4.25

5.28

5.88

6.5

6.34

5.66

5.35

5.02

4.54

3.74

3.2

4.93

Hapur

3.71

4.64

5.73

6.17

6.39

6.04

5.19

4.78

4.99

4.79

4.07

3.45

5.00

Jhansi

3.95

4.84

5.66

6.19

6.26

5.66

4.52

4.21

4.72

4.85

4.17

3.75

4.90

Kanpur

3.62

4.63

5.68

6.19

6.54

5.88

4.78

4.45

4.45

4.83

4.14

3.52

4.89

Lucknow

3.62

4.63

5.68

6.19

6.54

5.88

4.78

4.45

4.45

4.83

4.14

3.52

4.89

Mathura

3.68

4.6

5.43

5.9

6.23

5.95

4.95

4.54

4.76

4.62

3.93

3.47

4.84

Meerut

3.6

4.53

5.73

6.7

7.28

6.68

5.54

4.9

5.17

5.01

4.15

3.47

5.23

Mirzapur

3.78

4.86

6.01

6.44

6.48

5.68

4.53

4.31

4.47

4.69

4.24

3.71

4.93

Moradabad

3.74

4.82

5.9

6.47

6.62

6.12

5.2

4.74

4.94

4.97

4.13

3.49

5.10

Muzaffarnagar

3.6

4.53

5.73

6.69

7.28

6.68

5.54

4.9

5.17

5.01

4.15

3.48

5.23

Saharanpur

3.58

4.52

5.69

6.77

7.5

6.89

5.62

5.05

5.35

5.36

4.33

3.51

5.35

Shahjahanpur

3.73

4.75

5.71

6.64

6.39

5.98

5.01

4.49

4.78

4.93

4.05

3.51

5.00

Solar irradiation measured in kwh/m2/day onto a horizontal surface 

 

Sun path chart program

This program creates sun path charts in Cartesian coordinates for: (1) "typical" dates of each month (i.e.; days receiving about the mean amount of solar radiation for a day in the given month); (2) dates spaced about 30 days apart, from one solstice to the next; or (3) a single date you specify. You can select whether hours are plotted using local standard time or solar time. In addition, there are a number of options available to allow you to alter the chart's appearance.

 http://solardat.uoregon.edu/SunChartProgram.html

 

From NASA

 

Solar radiation and solar geometry data from derived from satellite observations.  Provides data for anywhere in the world. 

You can look for solar irradiation data any part of Uttar pradesh, here. 

Provides solar parameters for solar thermal, PV, solar cooking, etc. based on 10 year history for your exact location.

 

http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/sse/sse.cgi?na s01#s01

 

 

 

 

Demographics of Uttar Pradesh:

 

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of 199,581,477 million people as of 1 March 2011. 

 

With an area of 93,933 sq mi (243,290 km2), Uttar Pradesh covers a large part of the highly fertile and densely populated upper Gangetic plain.

 

The Climate of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) is defined as Humid Subtropical with dry winter (CWa) type with parts of Eastern U.P. as Semi-Arid (BS) type.

 

With temperature ranging anywhere from 00C to 500C in several parts of the state and cyclical droughts and floods,   unpredictable rains, the summers are very hot, winters cold and rainy season can be either very wet or very dry.

 

Uttar Pradesh New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (UPNEDA):

 

UPNEDA generates awareness about new and renewable energy systems. It facilitates the setting up of power generation plants based on new and renewable energy. UPNEDA promotes energy efficiency measures devices in power generation industrial, commercial & domestic consumers.

 

-----------------

 

 

SERVICE CENTRES IN UTTAR PRADESH

District For Solar Homelight & Solar Street Light

 

 

 

 

 

SERVICE CENTRES IN UTTAR PRADESH

District For Solar Homelight & Solar Street Light

Agra Aditya Solar Shop, Harparvat, Agra

Agra Palson Moter (Mr P.R. Singh), 8/1 B Kailash Vihar, Ph 0562-2603503

Aligarh Scientific Refrigeration Enterprises, Ph 0571-3091831

Allahabad Pathak Electronics, Labaour Chauraha, Ram Lila maidan, Allahpur, 

Allahabad

Allahabad PrimiarTecknologies, 114/115, Geetanjali Complex, Tagore Town Ph 

9415236071

Badaun Amit Kumar Electronics, Gopi Chouk

Badaun Raza Electronics, Ghazi Chowk, Badaun

Bagpat Laxmi Electrical, Saradhana Road

Barabanki Lalta Electronics, Lakhpera Bagh, Near Poinear Inter College, Ph 

9450279330

Bareilly Narayan Sanitary, Pilibhit Bypass Road, Ph 9412148724

Bareilly Shri Vinay Agrawal, Vishwas Akshay Urja Shop,105 Civil line, near Hind 

Cinema, Bareilly

Beharaich Rohit Solar Energy Center, Ph 983954414

Behraich Mohd Atikurrehman, Shams Akshya Urja shop, 1080 Kazipur, Behraich

Bijnor Aman Machinery Stores, Ph- 0134-220463

Bijnore N.R. Electronics, Mohalla Kazipara, Azad Market, Bijnore

Deoria Ravinder Singh, Singh Electronics, Bhogowali Crossing, CC Road, Raghav 

Nagar, Deoria

Deoria Singh Electronics, Bhuzaoli Chaoraha, CC Road

Etah Shiva Electronics, Opp Kotwali Road

Etah Sri Soren Singh C/o Shiva Electronics, near Delati Kotwali, Sanjay Nagar, 

Etah

Etawah Mishra Electronics and Repairing Service Center Manikpur Morh

Etawah Shri Ashok Kumar Kushwaha, A.A Tech, 203 Siddarth Nagar, Friends 

Colony Etawah

Fathepur Shubhaya Battery and inverter Service Civil lines

Fathepur Saxena Radio & TV Centre Ambapur Crossing, G..T. Road, Fathepur

Firozabad Raja Electronics Rani Market, Agra Gate, Firozabad

Firozabad Ridhi Sidhi Solar Devices Co. A-22,23 Industrial Estate

Gazipur Jai Ma Kali Light House & Electronics Maharajganj

Ghazipur Shri Dharmendra Yadav, Akshya Urja Shop, Maharajganj Bazar, Ghazipur

Gorakhpur Solar Shop, Town Hall, Ph 9415212242

Hardoi Akshya Urja Shop, 18 Civil Lines, Hosp Road, Ph 9235638706

Jaunpur Sharda Engineering Works

Jhansi Mohan Electronics behind Central Hotel Sipri Bazar, Jhansi

Jhansi The Equation, Civil lines. Opp Rani Laxmi Bai Park

Kanpur M.K. Electronics, 97/10, Sainik nagar, Ahirwan, Harjender Nagar, Near 

HAL Railwsay Corssing Ph 9839824638SERVICE CENTRES IN UTTAR PRADESH

District For Solar Homelight & Solar Street Light

Kanpur Mr. Sanjeev Shukla, Ashu Electronics, Solar Service Centre, Maharajpur, Ph 

3951146

Kanpur Raman Agencies, Latouch Road, Opp Anverganj Thane, Ph 0512-2362181, 

2363272

Kanpur(D) Dhamendra Singh Roshni Akshya Urja Shop Pukhraya, Kanpur Dehat

Kanpur(N) Akshya Urja Kendra, 111/12J, Dharshau Purva, Kalpi Road, Kanpur

LakhimpurKh

eri

Govind Refregeration & Electronics, Opp Distt Co-operative Bank, Ph 

9335349199

Lalitpur Ayushi Akshya Urja Shop, Opp Galla Mandi, Near Relience Pump, Ph - 

9984298424

Lalitpur Aayushi Akshya Urja Shop, Lalitpur

Lucknow Integrated Technolory, Faizabad Road, Ph- 9415101760

Lucknow Solar Power System, Hari Tower, Merrabai Marg, Ph 0522-4065757

Lucknow Tata BP Solar India Ltd, Regional Office, D-3010, Indira Nagar, Ph 0522-

2356664,2356574

Maharajganj National Radio Service

Maharajganj Rajmangal Vishkarma, C/o National Radio Services. II follr, Mahapalika 

Office, Maharajganj

Mainpuri Madhu Electricals, Karhal Road

Mainpuri Sri Dinesh Chandra Rajpoot, Akshya Urja Shop near Ishan Nadi pul, Radha 

Raman, Bai Pas Road, Mainpuri

Mathura Pratibha Enterprises, Pandey Complex Basement, Dhol'Piyau, Ph 

2412970(O)

Mau Marramt Center Near Ghnadhi Ashram, Ghosi Mau

Mau Solar Cooker Repairing Shop, Mazmara Morh

Meerut Mittal Electronics Systems, Surajkund Road

Moradabad Agnisol Solar Shop, behind Jail.Ph 9412840328

Moradabad K.K. Electronics, Lalbad, Naiabadi, gali no 1 Moradabad

Moradabad Satyam Enterprises, Pilikothi, Awas Vikas Market, Oh- 9412235433

Pilibheet Nitin Kapoor, Kapoor care cesral, Bai pas road, Charti Chauraha, Pilibheet

Pilibhit Valia Eletonis, A63, Awas Vikas Colony 

Rampur Sun Light Enterprises Ph 0595-2412624

Saharanpur Dheeman Electronics, Saharanpur

Saharanpur Mansi Enterprises, Ph -0132-2726431

Shahjahanpur Dr Kamaldeep Singh, K.D. Akshya Urja Shop, Kachahari Road near singh 

hospital, sadar bazaar, Shahjahanpur

Shahjahapur M.C. Electronics , Sadar

Sitapur Bharat Electronics Works, Lalbagh Chauraha Ph 05862270987

Sonebhadra Dubey electronics Dharamshala Chouk, Robbertsganj, Sonebhadra

Sonebhadra VR Enterprises, Braham Baba Ki Gali (Beside chhappan Bog) P.O. Roberts 

ganj, Ph 223247SERVICE CENTRES IN UTTAR PRADESH

District For Solar Homelight & Solar Street Light

Sultanpur Hans Kumar Akshya Urja Shop near Mauni Mandir, Tikoniya Park, 

Sultanpur

Sultanpur Siddhi Vinayak Bio Gas Agency, Near Bus Station, Opp Vikas Hawan Ph 

9838294121

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar Power Projects in Uttar Pradesh:


Recently, Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited called project developers to submit Expression of Interest for the supply of power generated from solar energy-based power plants. 

 

The quantum of power procurement is about 100 MW and can be sold in bundled or unbundled form. UPPCL will offer a maximum tariff of Rs 4.74 per kWh for the procurement of this power. This rate is for bundled power as per NTPC.

 

According to UP Power Corporation Limited (UPPCL) the bulk supplier of power to its five state distribution companies in Uttar Pradesh, having an obligation to purchase solar energy for their distribution companies in compliance to the Uttar Pradesh Electricity Regulation

Commission Regulation 2010, invited ‘Expression of Interest’ (EOI) from nationally, internationally renowned experienced well established reputed companies, who are in a position to supply solar power either bundled along with conventional power or otherwise as standalone solar power on a long term basis.

 

According to UPPCL the aggregate capacity of such solar power will be 100Mw. The purchase rate for solar/ bundled solar power on which the purchase can be made shall not exceed Rs. 4.74 per unit.

 

Uttar Pradesh is growing in offgrid solar energy applications. 

 

Solar energy projects have been undertaken in 2,000 Ambedkar villages across 46 districts, mainly for street lighting. 

 

Besides, 100 telecom towers in the state are being equipped with solar energy panels. 

 

The Centre provides capital subsidy up to 30 per cent and credit support for these projects under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.

 

While the re-finance institutions get funds from the government at two per cent interest, the retail end-users get soft credit at five per cent.

 

Government initiatives for Solar energy in Uttar Pradesh:

Uttar Pradesh New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (UPNEDA) is generating awareness about renewable energy and new energy in the State. 

State Govt. declared subsidy on Solar Water Heater for domestic use Rs.6000/- for flat plate collectors and Rs.5000/- for Evacuated Tube Collectors.

 

Aditya Solar Shops:

 

Objective of the programme initiated by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Govt. of India and implemented by NEDA is to make renewable energy devices easily available to the people and to provide them after sales services. 

 

Initially, six Aditya Solar shops were established by NEDA in the districts of Agra, Allahabad, Ballia, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi, with the support of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Govt. of India. 

 

Shops in districts of Agra, Allahabad and Kanpur has been closed. During the year 2002-03, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Govt. of India sanctioned five more Aditya Solar Shops, for establishment in the private sector.  These shops are functional in the districts of Ghaziabad and Gorakhpur.

 

Akshay Urja Shops in Uttar Pradesh: 

 

During 2005-06, the existing scheme of Aditya Solar Shops was revised so as to cover wider sale and services of all renewable products the shops and Aditya Solar Shops were renamed as Akshay Urja shops. 

 

Akshay Urja shops are being operated by private entrepreneurs. At present, in 54 districts of U.P, Akshay Urja shops are being established.

 

Facilities/Financial Support under the Scheme:

 

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Govt. of India, is providing soft loan through banks. 

 

The soft loan is available to the shop-owners at an interest rate of 7% (to a maximum of 85% of the cost of establishment of the shop), subject to a maximum of Rs. 10 lakhs. 

 

A monthly recurring grant of Rs. 5000/- per month and incentive of Rs 5000/- (based on turnover) for the first two years, is being provided to the shop owners.

 

Solar PV Computer Systems in UP:

 

To facilitate the regular imparting of computer education in absence of supply of electricity, NEDA has successfully installed Solar Photovoltaic technology based systems to operate the computers installed in ten selected primary schools of district Lakhimpur Khiri under Education for all project of GOUP as a pilot project.

 

Solar PV modules of 240 watt capacity and 12 V 150 AH batteries have been used in each system.

 

The computers can operate continuously for four hours with this installed Solar PV system. 

 

During the day time solar energy is trapped by solar photovoltaic modules and is converted to electricity and stored in an installed battery bank. 

 

This pilot project was financed completely by Education for All Project, Govt of U.P. Based on its success it is proposed to install these systems also in other districts of U.P. Cost of each system is Rs 52800/-

 

 

 

Solar Home Light 

Introduction 

In a Solar Home Light system a battery is charged with help of Solar 

Photovoltaic Module during day time.Stored energy in Battery can be used 

during night for about 5 to 6 hours to light lamp and operate 

taperecorder/portable TV/DC fan etc.  

Component and Specification . 

1. Solar Photovoltaic Module  : 18 Watt/37 Watt/74 Watt 

2. Battery (Tubular type)   : 12 Volt-20 Ampere Hr./ 12 Volt- 40 

Ampere 

  Hr./12 Volt-75 Ampere Hr. 

3. Lamp     : C.F.L (9 Watt) 

4. Fan     : DC Fan ( Less than 20 Watt ) 

5. Other Components   : Electronic Charge Controller, 

  Pole,Module mounting structure, 

  Box,Wire,Switch Hardware etc. 

Models 

Model-I 

In this model a 12 volt- 20 Amp. Hr. battery is charged with help of a 

18 watt Photovoltaic module during day. During night a CFL of 9 watt can 

be used to light for about 5-6 Hrs. and a taperecord can also be operated with 

this system. 

Model-II 

In this model a 12 Volt-40 Amp Hr. battery is charged during day 

with help of a 37 watt Photovoltaic Module. During night 2 C.F.L. can be 

used to light for 5-6 hours. Apart from this a portable T.V. can also be 

operated with this system. 

Model-III 

This model is similar to above model-II. All components are same as 

that of model II. With this system one CFL of 9 watt and a D.C. fan less than 

20 watt can be used for 5-6 hours during night. 

Model-IV 

In this model of solar home light a battery of 12 volt- 75 Amp. Hr. is 

charged during day with help of 74 watt photovoltaic module (or 2 Nos of 

37 watt modules). In night two lamps of 9 watt (CFL) and a D.C. fan (less 

than 20 watt) can be used for 5-6 hours. 

Model-V This model of solar home light is similar to model IV. All components 

are same as of model IV. Only difference is that with this model four C.F.L. 

of 9 watt are provided that can be used during night for 5-6 hours. 

 

 

List Of Approved Manufacturers 

1- M/S B.E.L. Jalhalli post, Banglore. 

2- M/S Hilite Enterprises, B-61, Indira Nagar, Lucknow. 

3- M/S Indotech Consultants & Engineers, Shopping complex 6, Naveen 

Park, Shyam   Park Extension, Sahibabad, Ghaziabad.

4- M/S Jaiswal Battery Service, 11, Church Building, Shahnazaf road, 

Hazrat ganj, 

    Lucknow 

5- M/S Central Electronics Limited, Site-4, Industrial Area, Sahibabad, 

Gaziabad, U.P. 

6- M/S Su Solartech, Systems Pvt Ltd, SCO 184, Opposite sports complex, 

Sector 7C, Chandigarh. 

7- M/S Tata BP Solar India Ltd, D-3010, Himalayan Marg, Indiranagar, 

Lucknow. 

Achievements  

1- No of Solar Home Light distributed under  

          various programme     - 91353  

 

 

 

Solar water heaters in UP:

 

U.P. Health Systems Development Project (UPHSDP) is constructing, renovating, modifying and is providing various equipment in hospital facilities in selected districts of the state. 

 

NEDA was selected by Govt. of U.P. for providing consultancy services for provision of solar water heating systems (SWH) in the health facilities taken up by U.P. Health Systems Development project (UPHSDP).

 

Under this project, solar water heater systems of total capacity 65500 litres per day will be installed in 28 districts of the state, which cover 25 district male hospitals, 25 district female hospitals and three combined male & female hospitals.

Plan 20006-07

 

Solar PV pump for irrigation in Uttar Pradesh:

 

 

SOLAR PUMP ( IRRIGATION ) 

Introduction 

Solar pump is a useful device for irrigation. It works during day time 

and consumes no electricity or any fuel. On a sunny day discharge output of 

this pump is 1.40 lac liters ( Maximum ). When photovoltaic modules are 

exposed to sun it generates D.C. Power and with this power a 2 H.P. D.C. 

mono block pump operates. It is a very useful device for irrigation where 

water table is around 6-7 meters ( 20-25 ft.) 

Benefits 

1.  No fuel is required to operate solar pump. 

2.  It can be operated and used for long period. 

3.  It is easy to maintain. 

4.  It is a non polluting system. 

Components & specifications 

1.  Solar P.V. Panel             1800 watt. 

2.  Motor-pump set            2 H.P. Centrifugal 

         D.C. Mono block. 

3.  Operating Voltage            60 volt D.C. 

4.  Maximum Suction Head            6-7 meters. 

5.  Total Dynamic Head    10 meters. 

6.  Bore well Size     100-150 mm diameter. 

7.  Required Shadow free Area   100 Sq. meter 

8.  Other Panel adjustment facility,           thrice a day towards sun’s     direction for better water             

                                                                        output. 

Average Discharge of pump (Per day ) 

Total Dynamic Head (m)        Water Output ( Lit/day),Average 

10                                               1.60 lac 

15                                               1.50 lac 

20                                               1.38-1.39 lac 

25                                               1.14 lac 

 

Cost 

 

Solar Pump Irrigation  

S.No.     Sytem                                                                           Cost        Particulars for the year 

1             Solar Pump  (1800 watt D.C.Surface Pump)        444,540/-     Supply & installation withTwo 

                                                                                                                     years warranty 2008-09 

2            Solar Pump   (1800 watt D.C.Surface  Pump)      505,540/-     Supply & installation withTwo 

                                                                                                                     years warranty and eight years 

                                                                                                                     AMC 2008-09 

List of  approved manufacturers 

1. M/s Central Electronics Ltd.,Sahibabad,Ghaziabad

2. M/s REIL, Kanakpura Industrical Area,  Rajasthan. 

 

 

Achievements  

1- No of Solar Pump (Irrigation) distributed 

     under various programmes       - 322

 

 

As per the demand of UP Diversified Agriculture Support Project (UPDASP) as a research pilot project a 3 H.P Solar PV pump has been successfully installed at Village Katoli Jamalpur, Block Kakori in Lucknow.

 

This Solar PV pump, pumps water from a depth of 60 feet. The average water delivered per day is 1.1 lacs liters. 

 

The project is fully financed by UPASP and the cost of the project 5.25 lakhs.

 

Solar PV pump for drinking water in UP:

 

In district Sonebhadra where fluorinated drinking water was a problem for villages, a drinking water project financed by SAADA has been commissioned. 

 

Three nos Solar PV submersible pumps each of capacity of 1800 watts have been installed to supply non-fluorinated piped drinking water to village kachnarva and Padrach of district Sonebhadra. 

 

The total cost of the project is Rs 35.85 lakhs.

 

Solar City of Uttar Pradesh:

 

Moradabad is all set to become Uttar Pradesh's first solar city. The project is supported by MNRE.Solar power will be used in cities' street lights, water pumping sources, lighting in parks, market places and also in offices.

 

Moradabad Municipal Corporation has already started the project on trial basis. It has converted the power supply to corporation office and a tubewell, catering to a population of 18,500 into solar power.

 

The project is estimated to cost Rs 10 to 35 crore. The corporation has formed a solar city cell. 

 

Part III



Solar Business Opportunities in Uttar Pradesh:



The Solar business opportunities mentioned below are not specific to Uttar Pradesh. They are industry specific opportunities. 



Polysilicon manufacturing



Polysilicon is used to manufacture crystalline wafers. Around a quarter of the cost of a Crystalline module goes just for polysilicon.



The Ministry is providing soft loan at 5% annual interest rate through IREDA for setting up manufacturing facilities for manufacture of poly silicon material, silicon ingots and wafers, solar cells or integrated solar cell-module plants. No soft loan is available for setting up manufacturing unit for module manufacture or PV system manufacture. The proposals are considered by IREDA as per their lending and project appraisal norms. The details of the scheme are available with IREDA.  http://www.mnre.gov.in/spv-fin.htm



Type of entrepreneurs/ investors who can benefit - Entrepreneurs keen on building up capital intensive manufacturing facilities for an emerging market. The industry is dominated by a few companies that supply around 90% of the total polysilicon market. Some of the prominent companies are Hemlock, OCI, Wacker Chemie Tokuyama, REC (subsidiary SGS and ASiMI), and MEMC.

 

Scale of investment - Typical investments of $500 million - $1 billion for building a polysilicon production plant.



High R&D or commodity manufacturing? - Commodity manufacturing



Bottlenecks/threats - High capital requirements, high energy input requirements and long-term supply contracts could be deterrents to new entrants.

 

Competition - The industry is dominated by a few companies that supply around 90% of the total polysilicon market. Some of the prominent companies are Hemlock, OCI, Wacker Chemie Tokuyama, REC (subsidiary SGS and ASiMI), and MEMC



Market size - The world market of polysilicon has been growing 30-40% annually since 2004, primarily from the growth in solar PV industry. The market size of the solar cell polycrystalline silicon market in 2009 was $5.13 billion.



Supply and demand - Following undersupply since past few years, polysilicon production capacity entered a fast-growth phase in 2009, which resulted in an oversupply situation, in response to increase in production capacity and growth in demand from the end markets. It is forecasted that the demand for polysilicon will continue to increase at more than ten percent for the period 2010 to 2012. Polysilicon oversupply will also trigger a long term decline in its prices, which peaked to the highest levels in 2008 in response to its supply shortage.

 

Indian scenario - Companies such as Lanco, Bhaskar Solar, Tata BP Solar and Acharya are reportedly setting up polysilicon manufacturing plants in India, though these are pretty much early days for polysilicon in India.

 

It is not advisable to enter into this market at present. That is why I have not even updated some of the information given above. Everyone needs to know that Polysilicon manufacture is an opportunity for those in the solar industry.

 

It is meant now, for those who are already in the business.

 

But the older companies will be able to keep their selling, transporting, costs to the least. 

 

The prices are falling, efficiencies are increasing, machineries getting outdated, and thus it is a dynamic industry. AVOID

 

Ingot and wafer manufacturing



The process of melting polysilicon into ingots and subsequently cutting them into wafers is wedged between polysilicon production and cell manufacturing.

 

Yet, it is a distinct process that does not require physical proximity to upstream or downstream processing. Consequently, some companies specialize in just doing that. Typically, ingot and wafer manufacturing are done by the same company.



Type of entrepreneurs /investors who can benefit - Companies that have been operating in metal cutting and finishing, abrasives and related industries could be ideally suited to enter this segment.

AVOID

This too is avoidable. 

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Solar Cell Manufacturing:



Cell manufacturing involves creating the all-important pn-junction, coating and layering. It is an important step in the value chain that is responsible for about 15% of a solar PV module cost and it is here where significant technical differentiation is created.

Avoidable 

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Crystalline Cell Manufacturing:



Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - Ingot and wafer manufacturers who are keen on forward integration can exploit this opportunity.



Scale of investment - Medium-Large. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell plant is US$1-1.25 million/MW for crystalline silicon and US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films. The minimum economical size for a solar cell factory is about 20 MW.

 

Avoidable

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Thin-film Solar Cell Manufacturing



Manufacturing thin-film modules comprises depositing photovoltaic material on a substrate, structuring it into cells to form an electric circuit and wire and frame it depending on application. The key suppliers for the thin-film industry are chemical companies that produce high-purity metals such as CdTe, GaAs etc. The supply chain is less constrained than that for polysilicon (used in crystalline solar) and therefore much more reliable. This industry experiences a diverse mix of big-hitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. Companies with a long-term vision should start investing in this field.



Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - Chemical companies that produce high-purity metals such as CdTe, GaAs are in a good position to exploit this opportunity. Glass manufacturers are also in a good position to exploit this opportunity. Equipment firms that have traditionally supplied printing machinery or manufacturing equipment to the semiconductor and display industry see the burgeoning thin film industry as a potentially lucrative market, especially as their hardware can often be easily adapted to manufacture thin film cells and panels. At the same time, these equipment manufacturers are not finding it that easy to enter the TFPV space because module manufacturers are choosing to design and build proprietary equipment rather than buy it in.

 

Scale of investment - This industry experiences a diverse mix of big-hitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell plant is US$1-1.25 million/MW for crystalline silicon and US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films. The minimum economical size for a solar cell factory is about 20 MW.

 

High R&D or commodity manufacturing? - Opportunities exist for R&D and innovation in this exciting sector. Prominent segments where significant innovation possibilities exist are: efficiency, new thin film materials, design and process.

 

Bottlenecks/threats/barriers - For development and small-scale production, there are few barriers, as companies like Aja International specialize in providing small-scale sputtering equipment. However, when scale becomes important, access to capital might become a barrier.

 

Competition - This is a very dynamic segment with lots of startup companies, some venture-funded. There are also a number of companies that also produce crystalline technologies. Those companies tend to be in the amorphous silicon thin-film segment. The organic photovoltaics segment is mostly covered by research institutes rather than private companies.

 

Market size - The production volume has increased steadily as 165MW in 2007 and 357 MW in 2008. The share of thin films is expected to increase significantly and expected to reach about 25% of total in 2013. (EPIA data).

 

Supply and demand - The thin film solar cell production reached a consolidated figure of 1.68 GW in 2009 out of the total 3.58 GW capacity available, indicating that there is some amount of surplus capacity. However, the demand supply gap could look very different in future with enhanced offtake of thin film world over.

 

Indian scenario - There are only a few Indian companies such as Moser Baer and HHV Solar that make thin film solar cells. A few others such as Kirloskar are also exploring this field.



First solar, Abound solar, GE's Primestar etc will soon find inroads into India.

CIGS, CdTe and amorphous silicon a-si are the three types.

 NOT  Worthwhile pursuing opportunity



First solar, Abound Solar, Primestar of GE are the companies to associate with.

It is a difficult manufacturing process. 

You may also want to study the below given not yet proven cos.

Miasole, (counselled by Intel)

Heliovolt, 

Nanosolar,

SoloPower

Stion

Solar frontier,

Sulfurcell, 

AQT

Telio,

Global solar

ISET

Odersun,

Wuerth Solar etc 

 

All the above are CIGS manufacturers. Some of them are startups and you need to study their production process and record well.



May make sense to tie up with any one of them, who is doing well, now, than going in of your own manufacturing. 



CdTe thin film companies are CdTe: Abound Solar, Primestar, Solexant, Bloo Solar, Willard and Kelsey, Xunlight26



a-Si - Sharp solar 



Ascent solar tipped to have the highest upside in the stock market is another company to watch out for.

 

As per the JNNSM guidelines, thin film can be imported for its Phase I Batch I and II as there are no manufacturers.

 

Some of the thin films have been found pretty efficient in India. Viz First Solar.



To repeat  NOT

Worthwhile pursuing opportunity.  Top companies are tiding over difficult times. Better to avoid at the moment.

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CSP 



CSP is an umbrella term for CSTP and CPV.

That is the way I am taking it. 

The purists may not agree.

For the purpose of this note, it is fine to define CSP as above.



In concentrating PV (CPV), concentrators use optics to concentrate sunlight onto a small area of solar cells, thus allowing for a decrease in cell size. Because a CPV module needs less cell material than a traditional PV module, it is cost effective to use higher quality cells to increase efficiency. However, the technology makes up a very small portion of the solar industry.

 

CPV system manufacturers assemble the solar cells, concentrator unit and heat sink to form a module. Where applicable, companies will either integrate a tracking device or offer it as a separate product for free-standing module installations.

 

CPV is currently quite R&D driven, with a number of innovations taking place in this area. The types of entrepreneurs who will find this domain suitable are those who have scientific R&D backgrounds and have access to funds for significant R&D investments.



As a rather recent technology (being commercialized), there are new entrants, many of whom are venture funded. Some of the prominent ones are: Amonix (California), SolFocu (California), GreenVolts (San Francisco), Concentrix Solar (Germany) etc.



CSP



Interesting opportunity area for large companies. Very soon India will need utility scale solar energy plants with molten salt so that they can provide electricity 24 hours. As per the Renewables Purchase Obligation, RPO, all utilities are expected to buy 0.25 % every year and that is a considerable amount for each state. 

 

This is the only solar technology that allows for storage naturally. Since the solar radiation is indirectly converted to electricity, there is an opportunity to store the collected heat in molten salts, before converting the heat to electricity.

 

The cost of setting up the molten salt system is exorbitant.



The common understanding is CSP is cheaper than PV due to the use of off-the-shelf, commodity components like mirrors, turbine, etc. It also was known to have higher efficiencies in solar to electricity conversion (~15%).



Due to the global oversupply in PV panels and reduced demand due to the financial crisis, the prices of the panels have drastically reduced. On the efficiency front, the PV at 15-20% efficiency is typical now, further adding the cost parity. The result is that PV is now at parity or close to parity with CSP. One western region utility claimed that they pay 0.16 c/Kwh for CSP and 0.14 c/Kwh for PV. This difference was attributed to the timing of the PPAs; generally the difference is not significant anymore.

 

A CSP project in USA has shifted to PV. Actually it is world's largest project that has shifted from CSP to PV

 

http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nithya/blogs/7417

 

BHEL has tied up with a CSP major. 

 

The ability to provide “firm power” is a clear advantage of CSP at this time. Due to the output being provided by a steam turbine (and not directly from the field) and a ~2 hour built-in buffer in the trough technology, small variations in the in insolation do not affect the turbine output – like a passing cloud.



CSP will also be needed for many townships, industrial estates etc 



Large companies which want to take less risk and are happy with predictable rewards can go for this. 



Here are a list of CSP companies with a note for each of them. You may want to work with one of the best, than go it alone.

 

Abengoa SAAcciona EnergiaAcquasolAmonixAora, Archimede Solar EnergyArxiel VenturesAusra Inc.Bright Source EnergyCapital Sun GroupCircadian SolarConcentrix SolarCool Earth SolarEnelEnter-t GlobalEPURONeSolar, Fichtner Solar GmbHFlabeg, FlagsolFPL EnergyGiuseppe FarinaGlobal Warming Solutions,Green & Gold EnergyGreenVoltsHelioDynamicsHelioFocus, Hiro Energy Tech LimitedHuiYin-GroupIndustrial Solar Technology Corp.Infinia CorporationInternational Automated SystemsISFOCIsofotonKraftenlagen MunchenKernenergienLauren Engineers & ConstructorsMAN FerrostaalMENA CleantechMenova Energy Inc.Microsharp Corporation LimitedMubadala Development CompanyM W Zander GmbHNaanovo EnergyNew power IndiaNokraschy EngineeringNOVATEC BioSol AG,  Nur EnergieOpen Energy CorporationPSE AGPyron Solar Inc.Renovalia EnergySchlaich Bergermann und PartnerSchott Solar Thermal / Schott UKSenior BerghöferSolar XXISkyFuel Inc,  Silicon CPVSolar EuromedSolar & Environmental Technologies CorporationSolarReserveSolFocus,Soliant EnergySolar Heat and Power IncSolargenix EnergySolar Millennium AGSolar Power Group , SolarsphereSolar SystemsSolar Trust of America LLCSolel Solar SystemsSolFocusSolucarSopogy,SunBorne EnergySunpower,  Sunstroom Energy LtdSustainable Resources Inc.Stirling Energy SystemsTorresol EnergyTsugino Co.Whitfield SolarWizard Power Pty LtdWorley Parsons 

 

In my ranking, following are the companies to look upto Bright source Energy , Solar Millennium , Abengoa , Areva , Siemens, Acciona, SolarReserve, eSolar, Schott, etc., 

 

But then there is no clear basis for my selection. 



Viability / grid parity is a question as far as CSP is concerned. It will take a little longer than PV.

 

Spain’s track record sends an encouraging message to newer entrants in the CSP market from India to South Africa and beyond. When Spain started building plants in 2007, the first plants such as PS10 and Andasol 1 were highly dependent on imports of foreign supplies, requiring at least 50% of the requisite parts to be sourced from abroad. The plants that went online in 2010 were built with around 80% of components from Spanish companies. 

 

If in doubt, read more http://www.csptoday.com/csp-markets-report/

 

That report is getting outdated as this is a pretty dynamic industry.

If the Indian Government strictly imposes the RPO ie Renewable Purchase Obligation, then there will be a need for Utility scale solar plants and CSP would be better. keep in touch. Watch out for the PV manufacturing summit with mnre coming up soon and then take a call.

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Solar Module Production - Solar PV module manufacturing involves assembling the cells into a module to form an electric circuit. This is the last manufacturing step before it is distributed to wholesalers.



Indian scenario - There are about 35 companies in India that produce crystalline solar modules.



Avoidable. Dont enter now.

The market is crowded. Unviable.



China is doing predatory pricing. It will swallow even local manufacturers, if they are not quick. 

 

You may want to talk to some of the present module manufacturers in India:

 

Access Solar Ltd.
http://www.accesssolar.co.in/home.html

 

Ajit Solar Pvt Ltd.

http://www.ajitsolar.com/ 

 

Alpex Solar
http://alpexsolar.com/

Ammini Group
http://www.ammini.com/

Amro Technology Pvt Ltd.
http://www.amrotechnology.com/profile.html

 

Andromeda Energy Technologies Ltd.
http://www.andromedasolar.com/

 

Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL)
http://www.bhel.com/home.php

 

Central Electronics Limited (CEL)
http://www.celindia.co.in/

 

Chemtrols Solar Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.chemtrolssolar.com/

 

Ecosol Power Pvt. Ltd
http://ecosolpower.com/home.html

 

ELECTROMAC Solar Systems PVT. LTD
http://www.enf.cn/pv/12787a.html

 

Emmvee Photovoltaic
http://www.emmveesolar.com/

 

Empire Photovoltaic Systems PVT Ltd



GreenBrilliance Energy Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.greenbrilliance.com/

 

HHV Solar Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.hhvsolar.com/

 

ICOMM Tele Limited
http://www.icommtele.com/

 

India Solar Solutions
http://www.solarindiasolutions.com/

 

KCP Solar Industry
http://www.kcpsolar.com/

 

Kotak Urja Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.kotakurja.com/

 

LANCO
http://www.lancogroup.com/

 

Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.maharishisolar.com/

 

Microsun
http://www.microsuntech.com/

 

Modern Solar
http://www.modernsolar.com.au/index.aspx

 

Moser Baer Photo Voltaic Limited
http://www.moserbaersolar.com/

 

Neety Euro-Asia Solar Energy
http://www.nease.in/

 

Novergy Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.novergy.co.in/

 

Photon Energy System Ltd.
http://www.photonsolar.com/

 

PHOTONIX Solar Private Limited
http://www.photonixsolar.com/

 

PLG Power Limited
http://www.plgpower.com/

 

Premier Solar Systems Pvt Ltd
http://www.premiersolarsystems.com/

 

PV Power Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.pvpowertech.com/

 

Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Ltd. (REIL)
http://www.reiljp.com/

 

Rashmi Industries
http://www.rashmisolar.com/

 

Reliance Solar Group
http://www.relsolar.com/

 

SahajSolar Power Pvt Ltd.
http://www.enf.cn/pv/13208c.html

 

Shreyansh Electronics
http://shreyanshindia.com/

 

Solar Semiconductor Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.solarsemiconductor.com/asia/index.html

 

Solkar Solar Industry Limited

http://www.solkar.in/index.php

 

Sunrise Technology
http://www.sunrisetechnologies.com/

 

Sova Power

http://sovasolar.com/

 

Sun Energy Systems
http://www.sunenergysystems.in/home.htm

 

Sun Solar Techno Limited

http://sunsolartechno.com/

 

Sungrace Energy Solutions (P) Ltd
http://sungrace.net/

 

Vksolar
http://www.indiamart.com/vksolar/

 

Surana Ventures Ltd.
http://www.suranaventures.com/

 

Synergy Renewable Energy Pvt. Ltd
http://www.group-synergy.net/

 

Tata BP Solar India Ltd.
http://www.tatabpsolar.com/

 

Titan Energy Systems Ltd.
http://www.titansolar.com/titan/

 

Topsun Energy Ltd.
http://www.topsunenergy.com/

 

Udhaya Energy Photovoltaics (P) Ltd. (UPV Solar)
http://www.upvsolar.com/

 

Udhaya Semiconductors Limited (KL Solar Company Pvt. Ltd)
http://www.uslsolar.com/

 

Waaree Energies Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.waareeenergies.com/

 

Websol Energy Systems Ltd.
http://www.webelsolar.com/

 

XL Telecom & Energy Ltd 

http://www.xlenergy.co/



If you are already a module manufacturer, it makes sense for you to enter power generation. 

 

And to enter Rooftop solar. 

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Other Opportunities in Solar energy in India and Uttar Pradesh are



*Ground Zero opportunity 

 

Roof top solar!

 

It is a very good opportunity and there are opportunities for very large companies as well as for medium sized companies and individuals to get into business. 



As an individual you can start a business as an Installer. 



You will have a few well trained / skill trained employees working under you. 



At the small, residential scale, there are practically no barriers to entry.  



There is a wealth of training material available, both in person and online which enables even a one-man contractor to become fit enough to install roof top solar. 

 

At the larger, commercial scale, the main barrier to entry is capital, expertise in management, in sales, etc., 



You will install solar modules in a rooftop as per your Integrator's instructions.



An Installer is someone who is technically minded and can manage a few people or if you can manage many people at a time, then you become an area Installer. 



The installer model is somewhat like a conventional contractor model.  Gross margins are thin, from 15 to 30%. Residential Rooftop systems typically receiving larger margins than commercial. 



Because commercial jobs will be invariably got thru an Integrator or an EPC contractor.



It is an opportunity for domestic module manufacturers to get into.

The opportunity exists for 

Installers

Area Installers

District Installers

Integrators

Area Integrators

District Integrators

Regional companies - covering a few states having similar policies

 

National companies 

 

The Installers can choose to work on their own or under the National companies, Regional companies, District integrators, District Installers, etc., 

 

The market will evolve as fragmented and unstructured to begin with and will get consolidated. 



You can get more information about types of Installers in Rooftop solar business models.

 

An integrator is someone who deals with the customer, Electricity board, etc



Then there will be a company. Either a national company or a regional company which deals with the Gov, electicity board, corporates etc, 

 

You can read all about them in Rooftop solar business models

 

And Rooftop solar technology types http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nitin/blogs/6670



Rooftop solar is a viable alternative and the prices / tariff in each state will soon help bring about grid parity and the sooner you get into it, the sooner you will reap the benefits.



Rooftop solar comes about in many forms. For example a captive power plant may need a rooftop solar solution as a part of it. 



Diesel to Renewables may need rooftop solar solution.

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

* Business possibilities with MNRE 

 

RESCO, 

System integrator, 

Financial Institution, 

Financial Integrator and 

Program Administrator

Each of the above is an opportunity

 

 

Implementation of off-grid solar PV project under JNNSM

FAQ

 

1. What is the Procedure to register as Channel Partner?

 

There are 5 types of channel partners and they can participate in the programme through the following procedure:

 

A  RESCO is a entity which would install, own & operate RE systems and provide energy services to consumers. These entities may tie up with FIs for accessing the financial support under the scheme. These are in fact the only entities which would approach the MNRE on their own. CRISIL is in the process of putting in place a system of accreditation. From September 2010 these entities could approach either CRISIL, CARE or FITCH to have themselves accredited and if they meet the minimum requirements laid down by MNRE they would be in a position to approach the Project Appraisal Committee (PAC) with their proposal for a in principle approval. 

 

The PAC would then provide the entity “in principle “approval and allow it to move forward with the implementation. The PAC would also specify that on completing the project, 50% of the funds would be made available automatically and the remaining on completing monitoring. 

 

As far as the Financial Institutions as channel partner is concerned, a comprehensive re-finance scheme has already been notified by IREDA.  The SPV Division has also floated an EoI, wherein they have received over 80 applications from entities interested in partnering in the bank led scheme.  

 

The SPV Division would shortlist the manufacturers region-wise or across the country depending on the strength of their existing after-sales network.  The division will also identify various products after verifying how each of the laid down by MNRE, and then along with product is meeting the standards laid  NABARD, design a pre-approved scheme which will allow RRBs to proceed with the lending for the above identified products and empanelled manufacturers.   It is highlighted that the process of empanelling both the manufacturers and products would be an ongoing process in order to make sure that if there are new players who meet the requisite standards can also be appropriately empanelled. This process it is hoped will result in enabling NABARD to announce their pre-approved scheme to all the financial institutions, which have a re-finance agreement with them.  IREDA will, after signing the agreement in Mumbai on 25th August, place token funds with NABARD to initiate the implementation of this scheme.   

 

System integrators can approach the PAC; with their project in the formats finalise to seek an ‘in principle’ approval.  Since these are entities that would first interact with their market and build a project based on the tentative orders that they have been provided by their clients, the PAC would appraise the project on three basic parameters:-

 

(i) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. 

 

(ii) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE.

 

(iii) O&M Plan.

 

System integrators would however need to approach bank/banks who would be willing to have a three way tie up with their clients, themselves and the bank.  The bank/banks would also need to have a re-finance agreement in place with IREDA, NHB or NABARD.  Based on the ‘in principle’ approval, the bank would be in a position to provide the lending support to the clients that have been identified by the system integrators.  It is envisaged that both the capital and interest subsidy would flow to the beneficiaries of the scheme only through the banking channel. Requisite arrangements for providing this flow have already been clearly delianated in the re-finance scheme notified by IREDA.

 

Financial integrators are entities who need to enter into a tri-partite agreement before coming to MNRE. This tripartite agreement has to be between the manufacturers/service providers, financial integrators and any other financial institutions, which is willing to support this kind of a business model.  It is envisaged that the financial integrators would approach the PAC with details of their financial model as well as the product or service that they wish to provide through this financial/business model.  

 

The PAC would appraise the project on the following parameters: 



(i) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE.

 

(ii) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. 

 

(iii) O&M Plan.

 

(iv) Financial/business models and its viability.



It is expected that the financial integrators would also tie up with a schedule commercial bank in India so that the subsidy both capital and interest can flow through the banking channel and would be covered under the re-finance scheme of IREDA.



In so far as the implementation of the scheme through programme administrators is concerned, there is complete clarity in how to move forward. 



Formats for both SPV and Solar Thermal have also been prepared.



2. How to submit a project proposal?

 

Formats for submission of proposal are given on the Website of the Ministry. 

 

Two sets are required to be submitted to PAC.3. How the project will be approved?

 

Once the proposal of the channel partner is received an in- principle approval from PAC will be given within a maximum of 45 days. In case additional information is required PAC will inform within 30 days. After full information is received proposal will be cleared in two weeks.



4. What is the subsidy disbursal mechanism?



The release of funds for the project shall be back ended as reimbursement on completion and verification thereof. However for progamme administrators, the release of funds could be front ended, with installments of 70% on sanction and 30% on completion. However, this could be extended to other entities on provision of appropriate sureties. In respect of credit linked capital subsidy and interest subsidy the scheme would be implemented through IREDA, which will be the designated Nodal agency for disbursement of funds.



5. Procedure for accreditation for channel partner/ financial integrator/ systems integrator/RESCO? 

 

As above in (1)



6. Can NGOs directly approach MNRE for implementation of projects?

 

Only the NGOs who have already been working closely with MNRE can access the scheme directly. Otherwise, the NGOs should collaborate with SNAs. 



7. Whether lighting systems to be provided should be certified by SEC or other test centers?

 

Compliance to standards is mandatory. Certificate from test centres will help in this regard and should be provided to ensure complainace.



8. What is the policy on local content of modules, batteries and other balance of systems in off grid programme?

 

The scheme requires the project proponents to strictly adhere to the national/international standards specified by the Ministry from time to time.  The Use of imported complete PV systems is not permitted under the scheme. 

 

However, use of imported components of a complete PV system is permitted, subject to adequate disclosure and compliance to specified quality norms and standards.

 

The minimal technical requirements and Quality Standards in respect of the off-grid SPV power plants/ systems are given in Annexure-3 of the scheme for solar off-grid applications. These will come into effect from 1st September 2010 to allow sufficient time to the SPV industry to gear up for the same.



9. What are financial limits assigned to channel partners?

 

The financial limits will get decided based on the ability of the channel partner to deliver the implementation of the project within a period of 1 year. But the PAC would not accept any proposal of value less than Rs One crore or 30 kWp. Less than this amount would need to be aggregated at State level.



10. Whether commercial entities can avail accelerated depreciation?

 

The commercial entities can claim all the benefits, which are presently available for renewable energy applications, including solar, under the Income tax act and other notifications, subject to fulfillment of the conditions.



11. Whether any channel partner interested only in capital subsidy whom should he approach?

 

Only accredited channel partner and Programme administrators can access ‘only capital ‘subsidy. The commercial entities can access either capital subsidy or interest subsidy. They should approach a channel partner to avail subsidy.



12. Whether RESCOs require any permission from Electricity boards to produce power?

 

Guidelines under the Electricity Act,2003 and the extant regulations of that particular State will need to be read in conjunction to determine the process for captive power generation.



13. Whether any new technologies invented any where can be introduced in the programme?

 

The Ministry could provide up to 100% CFA for undertaking pilot and demonstration projects through manufacturers and other organizations for demonstrating new and innovative applications of solar systems. The maximum CFA that would be permissible under this provision would be up to Rs 1 crore. The PAC would evaluate the proposal based on parameters like – new applications for solar (not merely using solar as a power source), possibility of reduction of cost of BoS or system design improvement, or a new concept etc.

 

You can get all this from http://www.mnre.gov.in/pdf/FAQ_offgrid_solar.pdf

 

You can discuss your suggestions/ questions etc in the comments column at the bottom of this blog.

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* Floating solar plants.



There are three companies namely Sunengy in New southwhales, Australia, Solarsis Synergy in France/ ciel-et-terre.net/ and SGPsolar in California, USA.



They have different methods of achieving solar power from floating solar panels, solar plants, etc.



They all use captured water bodies.



India has 30000 sq km of captured water bodies.



If even 1 % of that area is utlised - it will equal 1500 large coal plants.



Tata's have tied up with Sunengy, which has a patented technology called LSA.



With the other two companies, entrepreneurs/ companies from India can seek to have a tie up.



There is a solar business opportunity in terms of research for the research minded.



All about this opportunity http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1170



Tatas have already started building a floating solar plant with Sunengy, somewhere near Pune.

 

There is another company in Punjab doing this.

 

There is a clear opportunity for big companies to tie up with Solaris Synergy and or SGP solar in California USA.

 

http://ciel-et-terre.net/floating-photovoltaic/



This is the French company.

 


I have been recommending these companies for a long time. 

 

NOW, SGP solar has been ranked as one of  the fastest growing private company in usa. 

 

Or you can fund research in this area. 

Floating solar plants 

 

Great opportunity: For large companies, with deep pockets. 

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Business Possibilities thru MNRE in Villages 



Manufacture / market solar lanterns, solar home systems, Street lighting system, stand alone power plants, solar pumps. The details of the incentives are given below.



It may make sense for individuals to tie up with large cos that manufacture these. Or better still become an agent for a large company that manufacture these products and market them.

 

Pattern of Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for SPV Systems:



SPV System

CFA for General Category States

CFA for Special Category States

Administrative Charges

Solar lanterns (10W module, 7W CFL)

Nil

Rs. 2,400

Rs.100

Solar Home System – Model 1 (18W module, 1 light)

Rs. 2,500

Rs. 4,500

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 2 (37W module, 2 lights)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 3 (37W module, 1 light, 1 Fan)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 4(74W module, 2lights, 1 Fan)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 5(74W module, 4lights)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Street Lighting Systems – (74W module, 1-2 lamps)

Rs. 9,600

Rs. 17,300

-

Stand alone power plant of capacity more than 1Kwp

Rs. 1,25,000/KWp

Rs. 2.25,000/KWp

Rs. 10,000

Stand alone power plants of capacity more than 10Kwp with distribution line

Rs. 1,50,000/KW

Rs. 2,70,000/KW

Rs. 10,000

Solar Pumps

Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system

Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system

 

 

For business opportunities about Solar Home lights, Solar Street lights, specifications, visit here

 

http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/540

 

Good Opportunity. Aleady players are active. Both manufacturing and trading opportunities exist.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* A low cost solar energy solution for the Indian industries



Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes, SHIP for short,  the Market in India, the Business, the Opportunity, Cost Advantage of Solar Process Heat



The market for industrial heat in boilers is estimated to be 26 billion US dollars per annum in USA alone.

 

Solar steam produced is estimated to cost $ 4.60 per MBTU compared to average cost of natural gas powered steam of about $ 6 to $ 10 per MBTU.



This estimate is as per one the companies in Solar Heat for Industrial processes (SHIP).



Indian entrepreneurs should take up such projects that cut down co2 emission and is less expensive.



There are several companies that are into SHIP in USA. One of them claims that their process is CO2 emission free. Obviously because they use solar energy.



The company also claims a reduction in the cost by as much as 50 %.  



That is a lot. Those interested must act fast.

 

Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes

(SHIP)



You can discuss your suggestions, ideas, questions 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Captive power plants.



Many factories, companies, office complexes, textile factories, cement factories, sugar mills and many other small and medium industries need back up power.



What is being talked about as an opportunity is this back up power. Actually already many companies in India already have captive power generation. But there a lot more number of companies in India which can benefit from this captive power plant from solar energy.



There are some financial benefits and also the benefits of RECs otherwise known as Renewable Energy Certificates which are tradeable. There is good report on this at

 

http://www.eai.in/ref/reports/captive_power.html



Reading up the report will open up the opportunity for the above mentioned factories for their own backup power ie captive power.



Those who are marketing minded and those who are solar energy consultants or renewable energy consultants, this is a very good business opportunity in India.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Education and training:



MNRE expects that there is going to be a need for 100,000 trained professionals in the next 8 years.



I think that is a gross underestimate.



This opportunity is not just for individuals who want to learn and get jobs. Or learn and start a business or set up a training center as a businessman. OR u can even set up an online course for the whole world. The limitations are your imagination.



I foresee many training centers both for unskilled and for post graduation education courses happening soon. The course contents given in the sample solar education centers, will be Indianised by the shrewed Indian businessmen.



Some of them may go for tie up with universities abroad. For example they may have a tie up with a US university in Pune or a tie up with a European university in Jalgaon.



Good opportunity to get into Solar education, Training.



Opportunity exists as a nationwide company, as a college, as a university, providing Graduations/ Degrees or practical training for the blue collars, providing certificates /diplomas.



When the surge comes there will be a need for trained professionals.



Can be a franchisee also.

http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1284

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* Solar inverters



In a Global Clean Technology Conference on February 23-24 in New York, with more than 100 public and private companies and 700 attendees, including strategic and financial investors, high-level policymakers and industry thought-leaders in attendance the following question was asked as a part of a Survey.



Question:



Within solar, which sectors of the supply chain are the most attractive investment themes?

(Please rank with #1 being the strongest):

Inverters 1

Cells/Modules 2

Projects/Installation 3

Polysilicon 4

Manufacturing Equipment 5

Wafers 6

 

The result of the survey is given in green color.

Inverters!!



That is why I am calling it a great solar business opportunity in the Indian market too.



700/800 of the world’s leading practioners have identified Inverters as the most attractive investment theme.

 

Solar inverters in India, manufacturers, cost and business opportunities  - You can get to know the business opportunities here.



You may want to look at http://www.solren.com/residential.html and http://www.solren.com/utility.html



Manufacturing opportunity is meant for large cos.

 

What is the capital subsidy, interest on loan, rebates if any etc can be got from here



Especially for inverters in Residential rooftops, area wise distribution is an opportunity for the sales minded.

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* Micro grid:  

 

The electrical needs of rural households are relatively small (0.5-2.5 kWhr per day) and a micro-grid system of 20-35 kW would suffice a small village. This may not be a 100 % solar solution. The solution to the villages can be hybrid.



Will research and write more about this opportunity soon.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*. Solar Irrigation Pumps: 

 

This is a big opportunity area. Already being catered to in many villages.

Coming soon.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*. Solar thermal



India on an average has 300 clear days of sun and the radiation in most parts is 4.5 to 6 kWh/m2/day, which is pretty high.



Solar thermal projects  concentrate sunlight on a fixed point and uses a medium to move the stored heat energy to a place where it can be converted into electricity by superheating water into steam and using the steam to turn a turbine that generates electricity—ultimately the same process that natural gas and coal-fired power plants use to generate electricity.



Solar dryers can be used in agriculture.



At present the waste is just exposed to the sun and dried. Solar water heating. It is being made mandatory in many states to heat water for bathing purposes with solar water heater in all new buildings. Solar thermal can be used for cooking, community cooking in hotels, villages, schools in villages, etc



Several industries that need low to medium heat can use solar thermal technology to reduce air pollution and carbon foot print.



This opportunity is for the technically minded. This opportunity exists for small medium and even big companies.

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* Manufacture of Solar Refrigerator, DIY Solar Refrigerator, marketing, Maintenance and Repair of Solar Refrigerators

 

http://www.eai.in/club/users/harita/blogs/1484



The blog gives as of now basic insight of a Solar Refrigerator.



It also provides information on manufacturers in India and abroad.



There are many villages without electricity and they need refrigeration for the individul households, for preserving the produce of that village. Very soon, we will have information on market potential of solar refrigerators in India's villages, market size of solar refrigerators in other markets. Cost of solar refrigerators and actual cost of refrigeration etc also would be made available soon.

 

For now u can visit http://www.eai.in/club/users/harita/blogs/1484  (You can discuss your ideas, doubts, questions, etc in this blog)



Good opportunity

To manufacture. 

To market. 

To maintain.

Even solar coolers are a good opportunity.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Opportunities in Solar cities:



There are going to be about 60 solar cities coming up across India.



What business opportunity exists in this solar city concept of mnre is a question in the young minds of Indians. Will try and answer them in the coming weeks. Stay tuned.



Besides suggesting business opportunities in solar energy in India for large and medium companies, I thought it will be useful for small and individual players, if I can explain as to how they can get into solar business in India, it will be useful.



There are bound to be opportunities for individuals, SMEs to take advantage of Solar City concepts. Let them start coming up and we will identify ' solar city' opportunities there.



This opportunity has not been updated, because, there are no proper guidelines from the respective State Governments. Once the policies come out, opportunities will be identified and posted here.

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Solar Air Heaters 



With global warming, there is global cooling also that happens.



During winter, the North of India becomes too chill to manage.



Every urban household would do with an Air Heater, a solar air heater. Even the rural households and the households in the unelectrified villages will need an air Heater. The old and the young suffer in cold and air Heater is not a luxury any more.



It is a good opportunity to manufacture AIR Heaters and market in such cold markets. 



All discussions, questions pertaining to this opportunity to be restricted to this blog.

 

 
 
 
 
 

 

 ==============================================================

 Uttar Pradesh Solar Policy, Solar Projects and Solar Business Opportunities in UP, up solar business, up solar business opportunities, up solar rooftop, uttarpradesh solar incentives, uttar pradesh solar subsidies, uttar pradesh solar financial assistance, up solar water heater, up solar refrigerator, uttar pradesh solar air heaters, Steps Involved in Roof-top Solar PV System Designing with Battery Backup

 

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10 Comments

  • Romila
    Romila -

    Power back-up solutions provider Su-Kam Power is looking to tap the uninitiated solar energy sector in Uttar Pradesh. The company, which forayed into the solar energy space over 4 years back, is looking at turnkey projects in Uttar Pradesh and other states.

    http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/su-kam-chargedbysolar-energy-sector/434374/
    Like

  • Romila
    Romila -

    In an attempt to save electricity and promote the use of solar energy mostly in the non-electrified routes, the North Central Railway plans to install solar panels at railway crossings. 
    These solar panels would aid lighting at the crossings especially during the night hours. This step would promote solar energy, save money and also protect the environment. 
    As many as 129 level crossings (manned and unmanned) have been electrified with the help of solar panels in NCR. This includes 44 in Allahabad, 54 in Jhansi and 31 in Agra division of North Central Railway. 

    In the next financial year, there are plans for installation of solar panels at about 130 to 140 level crossings at different places in the jurisdiction of North Central Railway.

    http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/allahabad/Solar-lighting-at-railway-crossings/articleshow/8102949.cms
    Like

  • Romila
    Romila -

    100 kw grid connected rooftop installed in Agra

    http://www.indiainfoline.com/Markets/News/SSER-installed-100kw-Roof-Top-in-Agra/5143038978

    A large Roof top system has been installed at the Factory of Gupta Overseas Ltd,in an industrial hub of Agra.It is around 100 kWp. this Solar On Grid unit will cater the lighting requirements of the factory. The project has also got the financial subsidies from MNRE. The company is also in the process of implementing more rooftop projects aggregating to over 400kw of electricity.
    The complete foundation of the project is by SSER. The entire structure design of the project was designed and improved as per structural standard and building condition. Henceforth, the electricity generated is monitored and connected directly to grid there by curbing electrical expense and at the same time giving the green and clean technology to Gupta Overseas Ltd.

    Like

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Marketing opportunity !
    You can market Silicon ink from Innovalight to solar cell manufactures in India.
    Contact innovalight.com sales@innovalight.com Like

  • Romila
    Romila -

    Moradabad is all set to become the states first solar city. The project, supported by the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), will have the city use solar energy for its requirement of power for streetlights, water pumping sources, lighting in parks, market places and also offices. The use of unconventional source of energy is expected to bring down the energy expenditure by 10 per cent.
    http://www.indianexpress.com/news/moradabad-set-to-be-a-solar-city/796062/1 Like

  • harita
    harita -

    The Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited has recently issued an Expression of Interest for the generation of 100 MW at a very low tariff of Rs. 4.74 per unit of power. Whether there will be takers for this is highly improbable unless availing of RECs are allowed. Like

  • guptaraj1975
    guptaraj1975 -

    where other states purchases the power @ Rs 13 to 15/kwh, is the price offered by uppcl valid.
    Or have we develop the solar power tech to that extent? Like

  • ritesh
    ritesh -


    I would like to know more detials on thrid party sale of electricity produce from Solar PV plants in UP. The procedure and licencess required to sell electricity. E.g there are many industrial estates in the UP where there is shortage of  power supply. As a small entrepreneur  i cannot invest for 5 MW so i was thinking to setup 1 MW and suplly to selected industries in these area.

    Ritesh Agrawal Like

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Solar Irradiation


    Solar Irradiation in Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.36
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.35
      Feb4.42
      Mar5.81
      Apr6.86
      May7.47
      Jun6.81
      Jul6.03
      Aug5.48
      Sep5.28
      Oct5.29
      Nov4.20
      Dec3.36

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 29.9667000
      Longitude 77.5500000


    Solar Irradiation in Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.22
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.39
      Feb4.64
      Mar6.05
      Apr6.90
      May7.08
      Jun6.35
      Jul5.40
      Aug5.34
      Sep5.32
      Oct5.01
      Nov3.95
      Dec3.24

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 28.4069630
      Longitude 77.8498292





    Solar Irradiation in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.20
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.39
      Feb4.64
      Mar6.04
      Apr6.88
      May7.04
      Jun6.32
      Jul5.36
      Aug5.27
      Sep5.35
      Oct4.97
      Nov3.89
      Dec3.23

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 28.6691565
      Longitude 77.4537578



    Solar Irradiation in Bagpat, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.24
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.35
      Feb4.58
      Mar5.95
      Apr6.89
      May7.16
      Jun6.41
      Jul5.62
      Aug5.45
      Sep5.34
      Oct5.06
      Nov3.84
      Dec3.19

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 29.0467525
      Longitude 77.3324425


    Solar Irradiation in Bijnor, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.30
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.37
      Feb4.50
      Mar5.96
      Apr6.85
      May7.35
      Jun6.47
      Jul5.72
      Aug5.40
      Sep5.30
      Oct5.16
      Nov4.19
      Dec3.29

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 29.3724422
      Longitude 78.1358472



    Solar Irradiation in Muradabad, Pakistan

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.83
      Monthly Average
      Jan2.41
      Feb2.97
      Mar4.21
      Apr5.50
      May6.87
      Jun7.29
      Jul6.93
      Aug6.27
      Sep5.49
      Oct4.52
      Nov3.17
      Dec2.22

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 34.8146820
      Longitude 72.4502244



    Solar Irradiation in Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.33
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.82
      Feb4.89
      Mar6.04
      Apr7.04
      May7.42
      Jun6.54
      Jul5.19
      Aug4.68
      Sep4.95
      Oct5.22
      Nov4.42
      Dec3.71

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 28.8029570
      Longitude 79.0254439



    Solar Irradiation in Badaun, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.33
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.82
      Feb4.89
      Mar6.04
      Apr7.04
      May7.42
      Jun6.54
      Jul5.19
      Aug4.68
      Sep4.95
      Oct5.22
      Nov4.42
      Dec3.71

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 28.0336800
      Longitude 79.1209030



    Solar Irradiation in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.22
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.36
      Feb4.58
      Mar6.02
      Apr6.92
      May7.17
      Jun6.37
      Jul5.45
      Aug5.33
      Sep5.33
      Oct5.01
      Nov3.89
      Dec3.20

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 28.9844618
      Longitude 77.7064137
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    Solar Irradiation in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.63
      Monthly Average
      Jan4.86
      Feb5.82
      Mar6.66
      Apr7.24
      May7.46
      Jun6.08
      Jul4.71
      Aug4.14
      Sep5.18
      Oct5.79
      Nov5.01
      Dec4.63

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 22.5524372
      Longitude 75.7565273




    Solar Irradiation in Sultanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.76
      Monthly Average
      Jan4.35
      Feb4.70
      Mar5.45
      Apr6.15
      May6.74
      Jun5.07
      Jul4.01
      Aug3.92
      Sep3.86
      Oct4.88
      Nov4.32
      Dec3.67

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 26.2647757
      Longitude 82.0727061



    Solar Irradiation in Gonda, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.78
      Monthly Average
      Jan4.18
      Feb4.58
      Mar5.33
      Apr6.03
      May6.75
      Jun5.36
      Jul4.38
      Aug4.19
      Sep3.93
      Oct4.90
      Nov4.24
      Dec3.52

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 27.1339913
      Longitude 81.9618968


    Solar Irradiation in Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.77
      Monthly Average
      Jan4.24
      Feb4.60
      Mar5.35
      Apr6.04
      May6.75
      Jun5.26
      Jul4.16
      Aug4.13
      Sep3.87
      Oct4.88
      Nov4.28
      Dec3.63

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 26.7793470
      Longitude 82.1421590



    Solar Irradiation in Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.74
      Monthly Average
      Jan4.19
      Feb4.61
      Mar5.27
      Apr6.03
      May6.66
      Jun5.28
      Jul4.31
      Aug4.07
      Sep3.78
      Oct4.87
      Nov4.21
      Dec3.55

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 26.9271660
      Longitude 81.1914490


    Solar Irradiation in Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.78
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.88
      Feb4.53
      Mar5.29
      Apr6.05
      May6.79
      Jun5.44
      Jul4.50
      Aug4.24
      Sep4.17
      Oct4.84
      Nov4.17
      Dec3.50

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 27.5833000
      Longitude 81.6000000



    Solar Irradiation in Unnao, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.68
      Monthly Average
      Jan4.13
      Feb4.67
      Mar5.33
      Apr6.11
      May6.57
      Jun4.98
      Jul3.98
      Aug3.79
      Sep3.84
      Oct4.90
      Nov4.23
      Dec3.65

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 26.5480510
      Longitude 80.4846060




    Solar Irradiation in Sitapur, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.66
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.89
      Feb4.45
      Mar5.22
      Apr6.07
      May6.64
      Jun5.24
      Jul4.23
      Aug3.91
      Sep3.86
      Oct4.81
      Nov4.14
      Dec3.44

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 27.5667000
      Longitude 80.6833000



    Solar Irradiation in Raebareli, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.05
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.81
      Feb4.88
      Mar6.03
      Apr6.61
      May6.69
      Jun5.84
      Jul4.74
      Aug4.47
      Sep4.57
      Oct4.93
      Nov4.35
      Dec3.72

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 26.2333183
      Longitude 81.2333123




    Solar Irradiation in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.70
      Monthly Average
      Jan4.18
      Feb4.62
      Mar5.35
      Apr6.11
      May6.60
      Jun5.17
      Jul4.14
      Aug3.87
      Sep3.78
      Oct4.87
      Nov4.19
      Dec3.57

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 26.8465108
      Longitude 80.9466832





    Solar Irradiation in Lakhimpur Kheri, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.67
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.77
      Feb4.38
      Mar5.17
      Apr6.02
      May6.68
      Jun5.45
      Jul4.43
      Aug4.06
      Sep3.88
      Oct4.78
      Nov4.07
      Dec3.34

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 28.0662596
      Longitude 80.5438450



    Solar Irradiation in Hardoi, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.66
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.92
      Feb4.53
      Mar5.26
      Apr6.08
      May6.60
      Jun5.34
      Jul4.16
      Aug3.90
      Sep3.79
      Oct4.88
      Nov4.18
      Dec3.29

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 27.3946470
      Longitude 80.1299310



    Solar Irradiation in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 4.59
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.80
      Feb4.36
      Mar5.16
      Apr5.98
      May6.59
      Jun5.20
      Jul4.13
      Aug3.87
      Sep3.78
      Oct4.74
      Nov4.06
      Dec3.44

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 27.8833000
      Longitude 79.9167000



    Solar Irradiation in Pilibhit, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.33
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.82
      Feb4.89
      Mar6.04
      Apr7.04
      May7.42
      Jun6.54
      Jul5.19
      Aug4.68
      Sep4.95
      Oct5.22
      Nov4.42
      Dec3.71

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 28.6321780
      Longitude 79.8029870




    Solar Irradiation in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

      Solar Radiation

      Annual Average: 5.33
      Monthly Average
      Jan3.82
      Feb4.89
      Mar6.04
      Apr7.04
      May7.42
      Jun6.54
      Jul5.19
      Aug4.68
      Sep4.95
      Oct5.22
      Nov4.42
      Dec3.71

      Geographical Information

      Latitude 28.3670355
      Longitude 79.4304381
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