India Solar, Wind, Biomass, Biofuels – EAI

Aathmika's Blog

Expand your network

Be part of the most happening Indian renewable energy community Join EAI Club - It's FREE

Kerala Solar energy policy, Solar business opportunities in Kerala, cost of 1 mw solar plant in kerala, carbon credit for solar plant, Steps Involved in Roof-top Solar PV System Designing with Battery Backup in kerala,

Products deal with


Scope of the Business

KW done

Dealers-D Installers-I Both -B

Contact person name & Mobile no

Alternate contact person name & mobile no



email id








































KSEB action plan to tap solar energy


The Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) is charting out an action plan for extensively exploiting the solar energy potential to tackle the power crisis gripping the State.


Official sources told The Hindu here that a high-level expert panel appointed by the board is holding weekly meetings to scrutinise the successful models set up in different parts of the country for preparing a detailed project report by mid-November. As a proven technology, it has been envisaged to adopt the solar technology at present and then move on to other sources like wind and tidal power in due course.


Noted exponent of the people’s science movement R.V.G. Menon had made a detailed presentation at a high-level meeting conducted by the board on October 11 on the sustainable energy scenario for the State and what the board should do to tide over the crisis.


He had proposed standalone rooftop solar systems, grid-connected systems, large solar farms on wasteland and canal tops and also floating mounted systems in reservoirs and backwaters, among other places.


He had suggested experimental facilities in Peppara and Aruvikkara dams and also environment impact studies before opting for larger systems in Idukki as well as other favourable locations.


Research and development projects have to be taken up in a big way to promote grid-connected rooftop systems. Engineering colleges and other institutions should take up R&D projects for studying the problems that are likely to surface during power transmission to the grid. This would help to permit selected housing colonies or institutions to feed the power through 11 kV lines.


Instead of taking the plunge, the idea is to gauge the outcome of all such proposals and then go in for large-scale propagation.




While scaling up the system, quality of the equipment too is a matter of serious concern. The State does not have a mechanism for testing the quality of the panels to be used for the project. Hence, Mr. Menon had proposed a testing and certification laboratory for selecting the suitable components and promote local entrepreneurs to make use of the opportunity.


High installation cost is one of the major hitches in switching over to the solar energy mode. So, Mr. Menon had suggested adoption of the cost-effective option for the time being.


A subsidy should be extended in the initial phase. A people-friendly tariff revision strategy was also suggested, the sources said.







1. How can NRIs and HNIs from Kerala Profit from Solar energy generation business

2.  How to get solar rooftop for your house: STEPS in setting up a rooftop power

 3. Estimate of a 1 MW scale solar plant: STEPS in setting up a solar power plant

 4. TWO routes for solar power generation profitably

 5. Route for companies to avail Accelerated Depreciation 

 6. Plug and Play Solar Parks: How to take advantage of a solar park 

 7. Seven steps to captive solar / hybrid solar power plant

 8. ....... and many more





How can NRIs and HNIs ie High Networth Individuals 

from Kerala


profit from the Solar Energy generation business!!




Setting up using Renewable Energy Certificates solar 
energy power generation business is considered a profitable business all 
over India.


1 MW solar energy power plant costs Rs 7.7 crores.
But it takes 5 acres of land. 
In Kerala land is expensive. And moreover, there are not much
non cultivable, non agriculural land available for setting up a solar 
power generation plant. 
You are not permitted to set up a solar power generation plant in 
an agricultural land.


For more information about


a. power generation opportunities 
in other states of India and


b. solar parks


read this blog.

Kerala is not the best place for solar power generation business.
Howeverm you will get enough information on the business and on 
the advantages and disadvantages of solar park.




So, the best way to benefit from this Solar Energy Generation
Business for NRIs and HNIs from Kerala is to invest in a solar park.


As there is not enough land in Kerala, NRIs and HNIs need to
invest in solar parks located outside Kerala.


These are plug and play concepts, where one can invest from
250 kw to 1 mw and more.


Rajasthan is the best place to invest in a solar park.
In most parts of India, we get 300 days of sunshine in a year.
In Rajasthan sunshine is there for 330 days.


Sunshine too is more in Rajasthan, particularly in the deserts.
Interested in knowing about investing in a solar park,


send a mail to <> with subject Solar park



 Got Land for Solar power generation !!


Those of you who have large acres of non cultivable lands in Kerala State near substations and do not have the resources to develop a solar power plant, can register their lands here for 


a. out right sale, b. lease for 26 years c. partnership with the power plant and d. any other suggestion from the land owner

We need the following information. Wherever u dont know the information, pl write 
'I dont know'

Exact location of the land: Address of land including district and taluk, 


Total area in acres


Boundaries marked in google map or in google earth: Mark your land in 
google map/ google earth and email along with this form.


Right of way. ( ROW)*


Proof  of its owner. 


Name, address including district and taluk,  mobile no


DNI of the location: If you dont know, send us the longitude and latitude of the lands
( If you dont know, how to get this, say : I dont know)


Type of the land in gov records. 


**Agricultural/ non agricultural/ barren/ rocky/industrial/ waste/ dry/ anyother specify


KVA rating of substation nearby and distance.


Capacity available in the substation


List of solar projects in the neighbourhood, if you know.


Rate  per acre. ie current market price of land available nearby, adjoining your land


Expected sale  price : minimum price expected per acre.


Open for partnership:


Open for leasing for 26 years ? Yes / No


Are there lands available nearby : how many acres: how much does this cost

* ROW - if you have direct access to the substation, it is fine. But if electricity produced has to go thru the neighbouring lands, that means 
you have a ROW issue.

Agricultural lands are not permitted to set up a solar plant, even if no water and no agriculture has been done for years.


If you are going to convert, your land from agricultural land to any other, say so. 


 Call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email < >











 2.Cost of a 1 MW Solar Power Plant   : Estimate



Rs (in lakhs)


Supply, Installation, Erection & Commissioning of Modules

 345 (REC orEquivalent)

Module Mounting Structure and associated civil works


Installation, Erection & Commissioning of Inverters 

65 (AEG or Equivalent)

Cables and associated civil works


Testing & Commissioning of Transformer


H. T. Panel and associated civil works


Meters with C.T. & P.T., Isolators, four pole structure & related evacuation system with switchyard lighting and civil works


SCADA, Weather station, Earthing & Lighting Protection


ACDB, DCDB, Batteries with Chargers, Control Panel etc.


String Combiner Boxes


Inverter & Control room, Boundary wall work, approach road with water tank




Engineering & Men Power & Out of Pocket Expenses




 Total                                                                         695 lakhs (6.95 Crores)


Mounting Structurers (with tracking - Single Axis)  


Mounting Structurers (with tracking - Dual Axis)  



 Its a known fact that single axis and dual axis tracking technologies provide more than 15% additional generated power. However technical experts choose to operate without both single axis and dual axis tracking systems, simply to avoid any moving part in the plant. They want to avoid the risk of a breakdown ever.

Even CERC has estimated the cost of a solar power plant without taking tracking systems.

There are some newer Tracking systems which claim lower costs and higher efficiencies. Costing less than 10 % of the project cost and providing more than 25 % efficiency. These seem pretty good to go.



Here’s a breakup of the costs for Solar PV projects as recommended by CERC:




Capital Cost Norm for Solar PV project (Rs.Lakh/MW)

% of total cost


PV Modules




Land Cost




Civil and General Works




Mounting Structures




Power Conditioning Unit




Evacuation Cost up to

Interconnection point (Cables and Transformers)




Preliminary and Pre-Operative Expenses including IDC and contingency




Total Capital Cost










Rs (in lakhs)


Supply, Installation, Erection & Commissioning of Modules


Module Mounting Structure and associated civil works


Installation, Erection & Commissioning of Inverters 

65 (BONFIGLIOLI or Equivalent)

Cables and associated civil works


Testing & Commissioning of Transformer


H. T. Panel and associated civil works


Meters with C.T. & P.T., Isolators, four pole structure & related evacuation system with switchyard lighting and civil works


SCADA, Weather station, Earthing & Lighting Protection


ACDB, DCDB, Batteries with Chargers, Control Panel etc.


String Combiner Boxes


Inverter & Control room, Boundary wall work, approach road with water tank




Engineering & Men Power & Out of Pocket Expenses






Total                                                                        645 lakhs  (6.45 Crores) 





Cost of a 1 MW Solar Power Plant  





Rs (in lakhs)


Supply, Installation, Erection & Commissioning of Modules


Module Mounting Structure and associated civil works


Installation, Erection & Commissioning of Inverters 


Cables and associated civil works


Testing & Commissioning of Transformer


H. T. Panel and associated civil works


Meters with C.T. & P.T., Isolators, four pole structure & related evacuation system with switchyard lighting and civil works


SCADA, Weather station, Earthing & Lighting Protection


ACDB, DCDB, Batteries with Chargers, Control Panel etc.


String Combiner Boxes


Inverter & Control room, Boundary wall work, approach road with water tank




Engineering & Men Power & Out of Pocket Expenses






 Total                                                                        615 lakhs (6.15 Crores)


This is avoidable , solar power generation is a profitable project. with an investment of Rs.2 Crores one can earn upto 40 crores and more in the ensuing 25 years, so its better to go with tier 1 panels, BOS and practises.

Look for EPCs that use best brands. Best practices. With proven performances.

Not just the best price.


Accelerated Depreciation of 80 % of the capital to companies with tax liability

REC route ideal for Companies with high tax liability

Promoter’s equity approx Rs 2.3 cr/ MW

Detailed Project report cost included in the project cost

Bank loan can be 70%, with collateral security from promoter

Project viable even with own capital without bank loan

It takes 6 months to complete a project

As per REC route Rs 12.60/ unit (discom2.60 cdm.70 rec9.30) can be realised 

REC valid till 2017

1 MW can generate approx 1.5 million units per year   "

Govt selling price of electricity to go up to Rs 13 to Rs 14 per unitThe Hindu

Judgement of Rajasthan High Court on RPO REC asking Vedanta for failing to meet RPO


































 2. How to get solar rooftop for your house : STEPS in setting up a rooftop power




 3. Estimate of a 1 MW scale Solar plant: STEPS in setting up a Solar power plant




 4. TWO routes for solar power generation profitably




 5. Route for companies to avail Accelerated Depreciation 




 6. Plug and Play Solar Parks : How to take advantage of a Solar park 




 7. Seven steps to captive solar / hybrid solar power plant




 8. ....... and many more





















Designing and Planning

Detailed Project Report, power evacuation planning, 
DPR preparation, Codes & Standards interpretations
Regulatory approvals,

Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) facilitation, Technology Tie Ups

Banking documentation, Financial closure, Security cover & major clause
Project Structuring & Designing, electrical works, 
Project Management , Project commissioning

 Want to set up a solar plant!?

Call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email < >










PPA Projects


Through competitive bidding 
Average but fixed returns 
Minimum 5 MW 
Allotment not assured 
No trading 
Fixed tariff 
Limited allotments 
Tariff to be below INR 14 per unit 

( Goes to below Rs 8 in reverse bidding. Unviable)
No Accelerated Depreciation benefit



REC Projects


Open access
High but variable returns
Any capacity above 500 Kw
Allotment is assured
Certificates to be traded
Variable tariff
Unlimited allotments due to huge demand

( Currently comes to about Rs 12 to Rs 13 per unit realisable)

Tariff to be INR 15 - 20 in initial years

Accelerated benefit can be availed




 Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) mechanism is a market based instrument to promote renewable energy and facilitate renewable purchase obligations (RPO).


REC mechanism is aimed at addressing the mismatch between availability of RE resources in state and the requirement of the obligated entities to meet the renewable purchase obligation (RPO). Cost of electricity generation from renewable energy sources is classified as cost of electricity generation equivalent to conventional energy sources and the cost for environmental attributes.


RE generators will have two options:


i) Either to sell the renewable energy at preferential tariff



ii) To sell electricity generation and environmental attributes associated with RE generations separately.


The environmental attributes can be exchanged in the form of Renewable Energy Certificates (REC). REC will be issued to the RE generators for 1 MWh of electricity injected into the grid from renewable energy sources. REC would be issued to RE generators only.


 Grid connected RE Technologies with minimum capacity of 250 KW and approved by MNRE would be eligible under this scheme. Central Agency would issue REC to RE generators for specified quantity of electricity injected into the grid. REC would be exchanged only in the CERC approved power exchanges.


Price of electricity component of RE generation would be equivalent to the weighted average power purchase cost of the discom including short term power purchase but excluding renewable power purchase. REC would be exchanged within the forbearance price and floor price.


 This forbearance and floor price would be determined by CERC in consultation with Central agency and FOR from time to time. In case of default SERC may direct obligated entity to deposit into a separate fund to purchase the shortfall of REC at forbearance price.





 A Power Purchase agreement (PPA) in the field of solar power plant development is a twenty five (25) year buy back agreement done by the government with the developer. The tariff in case of a PPA is fixed for twenty five years or as defined in the PPA agreement.


Normally PPA based projects are allocated through a competitive bidding process where the developers interested to develop a solar power plant bid through a closed reverse bidding process to get the project.


 The developer who bids at the lowest tariff is allotted the project and so on. All expected capacities to be allocated through the PPA framework in the National Solar Mission as well as Rajasthan State Solar Policy will be through a competitive bidding process.

Call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email < >



The REC mechanism comes with the risk of uncertainty of REC pricing. While there is a fixed REC floor price of `9,300 per REC (equivalent to 1MWh), there is some uncertainty on the pricing post 2017. RECs will be bought and sold in the market. But in the region of Rs 2k to 5k /MWh post 2017. 


(1 REC = 1MWh).


Every MWh of solar energy produced generates one REC. Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) has fixed a floor and forbearance price for the period 2012 to 2017 between which the RECs can be traded. India’s first solar REC project to start trading is a 2MW project in Madhya Pradesh developed by M&B Switchgears Limited.

India’s first solar REC project to start trading is a 2MW project in Madhya Pradesh developed by M&B
Switchgears Limited. Registering a project under the REC scheme involves –

1) Accreditation 

2) Registration.

Registration is done online. Accreditation and registration takes at least of 45 days. The issuance of RECs takes 15 days from the date of application. Application for accreditation must be submitted to the State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC). While considering any application for accreditation of RE generation project, the State Agency shall verify and ascertain availability of following 
a) Confirmation of ‘Availability of Land’ in possession for setting up generating station 

b) Power Evacuation Arrangement permission letter from the host State Transmission Utility or the concerned Distribution  Licensee, as the 
case may be 

c) Confirmation of Metering Arrangement and Metering Location 

d) Date of Commissioning of RE project for existing eligible RE Project or proposed date of commissioning for new RE for accreditation 

e) Copy of Off-take/Power Purchase Agreement or Undertaking 

f)  Confirmation of compliance of critical equipment with relevant applicable IEC or CEA Standards 

g) Undertaking for compliance with the usage of fossil fuel criteria as specified by MNRE 

h) Details of application processing fees/accreditation charges 

 The State Agency, after duly inspecting/verifying conditions elaborated above, shall grant ‘Certificate for  Accreditation’ to the concerned Applicant for the proposed RE Generation  project and assign a specific project code number to that effect which shall be used by the such Applicant (Eligible Entities) for all future correspondence with the State Agency. The process of accreditation shall normally be completed within 30 days from date of receipt of complete information by State Agency. 

After accreditation, registration with NLDC must be done. 


National Load Dispatch Centre (NLDC) is responsible for issuance of RECs.

Processing fees for accreditation approx Rs 45k
Processing fees for registration Rs 7k






A unit can be started in any one of the following constitutions i.e. (1) Sole Proprietary Concern, (2) Partnership Firm, (3) Private Limited/Limited Companies, (4) Societies.












1. In case of Sole Proprietory Concern




Bio-data of the proprietor by way of copies of PAN Card/ Passport/ Voters identity card/ Bio-data with photo and signature attestation by Gazetted Officer/Bank Manager.








2. In case of Partnership Firm




a. Copy of Partnership Deed




b. Copy of Firm Registration Certificate




c. Extract of Form-A from Registrar of Firms (for old firms and in case of additional loans) regarding existing partners as on date.




d. Bio-data of partners by way of copies of PAN card/passport/voters identity card/bio data with pass port photograph and signature duly attested by Bank Manager/Gazetted Officer.




3. In case of Companies




a. Memorandum & Articles of Association.




b. Bio-data of Promoter Directors affixing colour photo and duly attested by Bank Manager/Gazetted Officer/Copies of PAN Card/Copies of Passport./voters identity card.




c. Resolution of Board of Directors of the company authorising two directors to raise loans from agencies and sign necessary loan security documents and affix common seal thereof.




d. Copy of certificate of incorporation if it is a Private Limited Co.




e. Copy of Certificate of Incorporation and Commencement of Business in the case of Limited companies.




f. Copy of General Body Resolution u/s.293 (i) (d) of Companies Act in case of Limited Companies, permitting the company to borrow in excess of paid-up capital and free reserves and Resolution u/s.293 (1) (a) of Companies Act for mortgaging the fixed assets of the company in favour of the Corporation.




g. Consent letters from the Directors about furnishing of their personal guarantee with copies of property documents.




h. Search Report from CA/Extract of register of charge from ROC in case of existing companies and companies seeking additional loans.












The primary security can be either leasehold interest or freehold interest . If the unit is going to be started in a leasehold premises, it is called leasehold and if the unit is going to be started in own premises, it is called freehold.








In case unit is coming up in a leasehold premises, the Corporation will insist for equitable mortgage of leasehold interest. If there is no loan on civil works, the lease period shall be repayment period plus two years. If loan is provided on the civil works then lease shall be for a period of 30 years. Please note that lease for any period is compulsorily registerable affixing required stamp duty. Then the documents that are required are as under:




a. Registered Lease Deed in the standard format given by agencies for the period prescribed in the sanction letter i.e. loan period plus two years if no loan is provided on civil works and if loan is sanctioned on civil works, 30 years lease deed is required.




b. Copy of lessor title deed in proof of ownership and in the absence of title deed, revenue records or ownership certificate issued by local Government or property tax receipts.




For creation of equitable mortgage in case of freehold interest in land and buildings.




If vacant land is acquired and buidings are to be constructed:




a. Original Regd. title deed in the name of the Proprietor/ Firm / Company along with certified copy having clear approach road.




b. Pattadar Pass Book/title deed issued by MRO/RDO in the name of the proprietor/firm/company/society.




c. Original/Copies of link documents (Vendor’s title deed) pertaining to the property under the scheme along with copies of Pass Book and Title Deed reflecting the sale entry. If pass book and title deeds are not issued, a certificate from MRO to that effect is required.




d. Extracts of revenue records i.e. Khasra Pahani for 1954-55




f. E.C for 13 years (or) from the date of document if title deed is of beyond 13 years to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.




g. ULC permission u/s.26/exemption under ULC Act as the case may be in case the land is within urban agglomeration.




h. Permission from Urban Development Authority/ Building Plans if the site is within the Master Plan of Urban Development Authority.




i. Affidavit by promoters to the effect that there are no court cases pending against the property under the scheme.












Generally, the Corporation insists for Collateral Security and the percentage of Collateral Security is dependent upon the location and the nature of industry and the nature of loan. Also the Corporation insists for preferably urban immovable property towards Collateral Security and preferably belonging to the borrowers. The Collateral Security can be either in the form of vacant land, house, apartment, fixed deposits, Bank Guarantee.








If it is vacant land:




a. Original Regd. title deed in the name of the surety along with certified copies.




b. Original link documents (Vendor’s title deed). 
c. Extracts of revenue records i.e. Khasra Pahani for the year 1954-55 




e. E.C for 13 years from the date of document and in case title deed is beyond 13 years from the date of document to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.




f. ULC permission u/s.26/exemption under ULC Act as the case may be in case the land is within urban agglomeration.




g. Copy of the Approved Layout/Sketch drawn by Mandal Surveyor demarcating the site/plot with Sy.No and boundaries and a land mark for identification.




If it is house:




a. Original Regd.Conveyance Deed along with certified copy.
b. All the relevant Link Documents.
c. EC for 13 years (or) from the date of document in case title deed is beyond 13 years to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.




d. Tax Demand & Receipt/Ownership Certificate/ Extract of property tax demand register for the last 13 years.




e. Approved building plans from Competent Authority.




If it is an Apartment:




a. Original Registered Sale deed in the name of the surety.




b. Copy of the development agreement and link documents.




c. Copy of the approved building plan.




d. Encumbrance Certificate for the last 13 years.




e. It shall be established that the original title deeds of the project are not mortgaged to bank or any financial institution availing project finance, by way of declaration from Builder/Landlord.




f. Mutation in favour of the surety.




g. Tax Demand and Receipt / Ownership certificate/ EPPDR.




If it is FDR:




a. The beneficiary/payee of fixed deposit should give a consent letter for pledging the fixed deposit with the Corporation as Collateral Security in consideration of sanction of loan to the unit to which the security is being offered.




b. The beneficiary/payee of the fixed deposit should also assign the proceeds of fixed deposit in favour of the Corporation by a proper endorsement by the concerned bank.




c. A discharge voucher from the beneficiary/payee of fixed deposit duly affixing necessary revenue stamp (without mentioning the date) on the backside of the FDR.








If it is Bank Guarantee:




The collateral security can be offered by the borrower by way of Bank guarantee also in such a case the following documents shall be submitted:




1 Bank guarantee executed by the concerned Bank on required stamp paper by the authorized signatories of the Bank affixing their rubber stamp containing the serial number of the signatory as per the Bank rules.




2 A confirmation copy shall be forwarded by the Bank Manager to the Corporation in a sealed cover by post.




3 A letter from the Bank that they will pay the amount in case the Bank guarantee is invoked in time.




4 If the amount guaranteed is Rs.1.00 lakh and above, the Guarantee Agreement shall be signed by 2 Authorised Officers of the Bank.








a. If the borrower is proposing to purchase the property standing in the name of minor, permission from the Court shall be obtained.
b. For purchase of land, which is an Inam land, occupancy certificate/Form-B patta from competent authority shall be obtained.




c. Assigned lands should not be purchased without prior written permission of RDO.




d. For purchase of joint family property, the borrower should ensure that all the co-parceners of the vendor family join in the execution of the sale deed.




e. For purchase of lands covered under Master Plan of the respective Urban Development Authority, the borrower shall ensure that the proposed land is falling within the Industrial Zone.




f. If the borrowers are seeking loans on land & buildings, the borrower shall purchase the lands in the name of proprietor/firm/company/ society as the case may be.




g. Generally, the Corporation will not accept third party collateral security.








The following are the loan security documents to be executed by the borrowers in favour of the Corporation and the required documents for a particular loan are to be taken from amongst the documents mentioned below:




1. Deed of Hypothecation
2. Memorandum of Deposit of Title Deeds
3. Guarantee Agreement
4. Loan Agreement
5. Promissory Note
6. Assignment of Development Rights
















  • Brief project report
  • Copy of ssi registration certificate
  • Bio-data of proprietor / partners / directors with 2 pasport size colour photographs as per proforma alongwith copies of certificates regarding academic qualifications, experience etc.
  • Solvency declaration of proprietor / partners / directors as per proforma (on rs.20 non-judicial stamp paper)
  • C0py of partnership deed & firm registration in respect of firms/memorandum and articles of association & certificate of incorporation in respect of companies.
  • Copy of land sale deed/ sale agreement / allotment letter of apiic ltd.
  • Building plans (approved plans in respect of hotels/nursing homes/commercial & residential complexes proposals)
  • Civil estimates
  • Letter from the lessor expressing willingness to let out the building and execution of regd. Lease agreement for 7 years in the unit is proposed in leasehold buildings with rough plan.
  • Quotations for machinery and equipment from standard suppliers alongwith comparartive quotations.
  • Copy of panchayat / municipal approval.
  • Copy of power feasibility letter from a.p.transco.
  • Copies of collateral security property documents.
  • Working results (audited balance shdeets and profit & loss accounts) for the last 3 years in respect of existing units and the provisional for the current year with all schedules.
  • Working results (audited balance shdeets and profit & loss accounts) for the last 3 years of associated concerns of promoters.
  • Particulars of available assets (land, buildings, machinery) in respect of existing unit.
  • Other details such as raw material & market tie-ups, technology tie-up with background of technical consultant etc.
  • Other details such as raw materials and slaes invoices, list of major customers, particulars of orders on hand etc.
  • Service charge @ 0.5% of loan applied 12.36% service tax on the service charges at the time of filing the application.
  • Upfront fee @ 0.5% of the loan sanctioned 12.36% service tax on upfront fee at the time of first disbursement.





Current purchase price by state discoms/ ebs



Andhra Pradesh






Himachal Pradesh






Madhya Pradesh








Tamil Nadu




Uttar Pradesh


West Bengal





Only Maharashtra, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir have set the minimum size as 250kW. All other states do not specify a minimum size for REC projects.

The RECs must be sold within one year from the date of issuance, failing which
the RECs will lapse.




*What is the space / area / land required for the plant?


 Generally, it is assumed at 3.5 to 4acres for crystalline silicon (c-Si) technology and 6 to 7 acres per MW for thin film solar (a-Si or CdTe) technology. In reality, it depends on other parameters like cost of land, Ground Coverage
Ratio (GCR)(to avoid inter array shading, GCR can be 0.45 to 0.65 and 
generation will vary based on GCR) and choice of sun tracking 
systems (with sun trackers the land required will be about 6acres
per MW for crystalline solar modules).

 Which are the ideal states for setting up of solar power projects?

 Hot destinations are Rajasthan, Gujarat and MH, MP, Andhra, Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu as far as solar radiation is concerned. Presently, only 
Andhra, Rajasthan and Gujarat have a clear policy and guidelines on the procedures for 
setting up solar power projects. Other states may also initiate the policy 
and procedures soon now that Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission has been 
launched by Government of India.

 Are Banks interested in financing solar power projects?

 The Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) works out to an average of 1.49
which is considered quite acceptable to commercial banks for sanction of loan. 
The maximum debt that is permitted as per CERC norms is 70% and most 
banks should be find this acceptable based on the financial strength and 
net worth of the company / promoters. The present policy driven by the
National Solar Mission and PPA for 25 years with a central PSU like NTPC's 
subsidiary should provide adequate confidence to Banker to finance solar
power projects.





1. Ready to move & start facility for any solar power developer with clear title land.

2. Proper North-South oriented plots to be allotted so as to reduce land wastage, which are ideal for solar plant designing

3. Reduction in time to both start and execute the project.

4. No ROW (right of way) issue will be there for laying of transmission line, which will be done only once and common to all.

5. Ease of work execution and management will be there.

6. Relief from local issues which again will result into time and money saving in project execution.

7. Evacuation from individual project will be done right from the individual plot to the discom’s substation at 132KV level.

8. Reduced transmission losses to the tune of 1/16th of the normal at 33KV.

9. Individual plant metering at pooling substation for ease of billing.

10. Security, preventive maintenance of approach roads & transmission line etc. will be done on periodic basis.

11. Grid down time is also minimum for 132 kV sub-station, which means higher revenue

12. Better financials than in your own lands.


1. Your project is not in your state, benefitting your people

2. Your project is not in your lands. Absence of Prestige value in the neighbourhood.

3. You can’t to do the maintenance of the solar power plant directly and daily in your village

* Don’t have lands? See solar as a business opportunity. Go for Solar park.

* Want to invest in and  reap regular dividends with least hassles. Go for Solar park

* Interested in availing accelerated depreciation and making decent safe returns, invest in a solar park.

Want to set up a

Plug and play solar park?

500 KW onwards

Call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email < >





 There are seven steps involved in designing a successful captive solar PV installation 

  • Scoping of the project
  • Calculating the amount of solar energy available
  • Surveying the site
  • Calculating the amount of energy needed
  • Sizing the solar system
  • Component selection and costing
  • Detailed design


As with any project, you need to know what you want to achieve. This basically involves detailing what you want from the captive PV installation, once installed. Do you want it to completely provide your day time electricity usage? Or do you want it to support a part of your usage? To start with, the scope of the project can be simple and later as we progress we can flesh it out to suit the requirements.

Defining the scope is in fact the most important step because once the basic scope is wrong, we might not be able to get the system do, what we exactly want it to do.


Solar insolation is the amount of electromagnetic energy (solar radiation) incident on the surface of the earth. Basically that means how much sunlight is shining down on the area under consideration.

The values are generally expressed in kWh/m2/day. This is the amount of solar energy that strikes a square metre of the earth's surface in a single day. Of course this value is averaged to account for differences in the days' length. There are several units that are used throughout the world.

By knowing the insolation levels of a particular region one can determine the number of PV modules that are required. An area with poor insolation levels will need a larger number of PV modules than an area with high insolation levels. Once the region’s insolation level is known, one can more accurately calculate collector size and energy output.

The typical thumbrule that is used for the amount of electricity that solar PV can produce is as follows: On average, 1 W of solar PV, at current crystalline silicon panel efficiencies, can produce about 4 Wh of electricity per day. This is however only an average estimate and based on the location, this could be a bit lower or higher than the average.


A site survey basically consists of a brief interview with the developer to get a feel for their electricity needs and a physical inspection of the proposed array site to see if it is suitable for solar. When a qualified photovoltaic design professional visits a potential solar site, he or she has many things to watch out for.

Primarily, they will be checking the roof's orientation (azimuth) and solar access. Orientation refers to the direction the roof faces - directly south is ideal, with some leeway to the Southwest or Southeast.

Solar access quantifies the percentage of time when the proposed array location will be receiving the full unshaded power of the sun during different days of the year. A shady roof might disqualify a site from receiving incentive money from the state, and is not a responsible choice for solar anyway. There are ways to get around shade issues - either by looking at alternate sites, trimming or removing trees, or by using micro-inverters in the system design rather than one large central inverter.


The next big task for any photovoltaic system designer is to determine the system load. This load estimate is one of the key factors in the design and cost of the stand-alone PV system.

A simple way to determine the approximate ceiling for the solar PV system capacity for all electricity needs is as follows:

1.  Find out your total monthly electricity consumption. Let’s say it is 100000 kWh

2.  Divide it by 30 to get an approximate daily consumption. In the example, it is about 3300 kWh.

3.  Using the thumb rule that 1 W of solar PV can approximately produce 4 Wh of electricity per day, you can determine the approximate maximum solar PV capacity you will require to power all your systems using solar PV. In this case, if the total daily consumption of electricity is 3300 kWh, you will require a maximum of 3300/4 = 825 kW.

 4.  It is however very unlikely that you would require such a high capacity for solar PV as you will need solar PV primarily as a backup power source, perhaps as a replacement for diesel based power generation.

 Ceiling for the solar PV required for complete diesel replacement

 In most cases, you will be using solar only as a backup power source to replace diesel based power production.

6.  One simple way to determine the amount of solar PV for this purpose is to determine the total amount of electricity you produce using diesel every month. In the example provided, out of the 100000 kWh of total electricity you consume every month, let’s say 10% or 10000 kWh is generated from diesel gensets. This provides you the ceiling for the solar PV system capacity for complete diesel replacement. In this case, it is 82.5 kW.

 7. As a thumb rule, one litre of diesel produces 4 kWh, so you can also compute the above with the data for the amount of diesel used every month.

 While estimating the load, the designer should consider energy conserving substitutes for items that are used often. Identifying large and/or variable loads and determining if they can be eliminated or changed to operate from another power source will save cost. 


 From the results obtained in step 2 and step 4, we can determine the size of the solar system that will be needed to power the site. The necessary systems involved in the setting up of captive power plants are:

 1)      Array(collection of solar PV modules)

 2)      Charge controllers

 3)      Batteries

 4)      Inverters

 5)      Mounting systems

 Note: The exact procedure for sizing of a solar system has to begin with calculating the amphere hour (Ah) of each load under consideration. Without knowing this it is impossible to size the PV system.

 PV array sizing – Array sizing is determined by taking into account the daily energy requirement (in Kilowatt hours) and average daily peak sunshine hours in the design month.

 No part of a PV array can be shaded. The shading of small portions of a PV module may greatly reduce output from the entire array. PV modules connected in series must carry the same current. If some of the PV cells are shaded, they cannot produce current and will become reverse biased. This means the shaded cells will dissipate power as heat, and over a period of time failure will occur.  However, since it is impossible to prevent occasional shading, the use of bypass diodes around series - connected modules is recommended

 Hybrid Indicator

 At this point, the basic PV system configuration and size have been determined. Before proceeding to specify components for the system, a simple test is recommended to see if the application might be a candidate for a hybrid system.

 Two main indicators work together to alert the designer to a possible hybrid application; the size of the load, and the seasonal insolation variability at the site.  The larger the load the more likely a hybrid PV-generator system will be a good economic choice. Likewise, in cloudy climates you need a larger system to meet the load demand; thus having a higher array/load ratio. Plotting the load versus the array/load ratio gives an indication of whether a hybrid system should be considered. There may be other reasons to consider a hybrid system: for example, systems with high availability requirements or applications where the load energy is being provided by an existing generator.  A word of caution--the controls required for a hybrid system are more complex because the interaction between engine generator, PV array, and battery must be regulated. Obtaining advice from an experienced designer is recommended if you decide to install a hybrid system. 

 Controllers - Charge controllers are included in most photovoltaic systems to protect the batteries from overcharge or excessive discharge. Overcharging can boil the electrolyte from the battery and cause failure. Allowing the battery to be discharged too much will cause premature battery failure and possible damage to the load. The controller is a critical component in your PV system. Thousands of rupees of damage may occur if it does not function properly. In addition, all controllers cause some losses (tare loss) in the system. One minus these losses, expressed as a percentage, is the controller efficiency.  The cost of the controller increases rapidly as the current requirement increases. Controllers for 12-volt and 24-volt systems with currents up to 30 amperes are available at a reasonable cost. Controllers with 30- 100 amperes are available but 2-5 times more expensive. Controllers that will switch currents over 100 amperes are usually custom designed for the application. One way to work with currents over 100 amperes is to connect controllers in parallel. It is often less expensive to use five 20- ampere rated controllers in parallel than one 100-ampere unit. 

 The controller must be installed in a weather resistant junction box and can be located with other components such as diodes, fuses, and switches. Excessive heat will shorten controller lifetime so the junction box should be installed in a shaded area and venting provided if possible. Controllers should not be mounted in the same enclosure with batteries. The batteries produce a corrosive environment that may cause failure of electronic components. 

 Battery sizing - To determine the size of the battery storage required for a stand-alone PV system, it is required to make a number of decisions. Before making these choices, one should study and understand battery parameters and the concept of system availability. First, you must choose the amount of back-up energy you want to store for your application. This is usually expressed as a number of no sun days, in other words, for how many cloudy days must your system operate using energy stored in batteries. There is no “right answer” to this question. It depends on the application, the type of battery, and the system availability desired.

 Inverters - Power conditioning units, commonly called inverters, are necessary in any stand-alone PV system with ac loads. The choice of inverter will be a key factor in setting the dc operating voltage of your system.

 When specifying an inverter, it is necessary to consider requirements of both the dc input and the ac output.   The choice of inverter will affect the performance, reliability, and cost of your PV system. Usually, it is the third most expensive component after the array and battery. 

 The selection of the inverter input voltage is an important decision because it often dictates the system dc voltage.

 An inverter should be installed in a controlled environment because high temperatures and excessive dust will reduce lifetime and may cause failure. The inverter should not be installed in the same enclosure with the batteries because the corrosive gassing of the batteries can damage the electronics and the switching in the inverter might cause an explosion. However, the inverter should be installed near the batteries to keep resistive losses in the wires to a minimum. 

 Mounting structures- Ground mounting of PV arrays is recommended for stand-alone systems. Regardless of whether you buy or build the mounting structure make sure it is anchored and the modules are restrained. Many module manufacturers and distributors sell mounting hardware specifically designed for their modules. This hardware is intended for multiple applications and different mounting techniques and considerations like wind loading have been included in the design. Using this mounting hardware is the simplest and often the most cost effective. Customized array mounting structures can be expensive.   

 Others- It is important to select wire, connectors, and protection components such as switches and fuses that will last for twenty years or more. To obtain this long life, they must be sized correctly, rated for the application, and installed carefully. Connections are particularly prone to failure unless they are made carefully and correctly. 


 Once the various components have been sized, the next important step is the selection and costing of the components.

 There are many players in the market vying to establish their products. At this juncture, the system developer has to select components by taking into account factors like technical specifications, reliability, and lifetime of the components in addition to the cost.

 Investment for the solar modules is for a period of 25 years, so selecting a high efficient solar panel is of prime importance. The manufactures of the batteries claim a lifetime of about 7 years, whereas inverters guarantee at most 2 years. As can be seen from these numbers, selection becomes a crucial part of the captive solar PV installation.


 Now that the major components have been sized and selected, it is time to consider how to interconnect everything as a working system.

 The detailed design is the more actionable form of the captive solar PV installation. The system developer accumulates all the data collected from the previous 6 steps and prepares a layout of the installation on paper. The developer removes obvious engineering fallacies and prepares a corrected version of the layout on paper.

 The confirmed design will have all the necessary data like the average consumption per day(kWh), the insolation levels at the area under consideration(in hours) , the optimal plant size, the area required for the same, the number of panels required to be installed in that area, the number of charge controllers, batteries, inverters required for the determined plant size, the cost of all the components and many more intricate details like the viability of installing tracking systems etc.

 Stand-alone PV systems will be reliable power producers for more than two decades if properly sized for the application, engineered well, and installed carefully. PV arrays for stand-alone systems are installed in many unique and innovative ways. However, there are common issues involved in any installation, whether the array is fixed or tracking, mounted at ground level, or on a pole or building. 


 Preventive Maintenance

 The integral part of any completed installation is the periodic checks that are recommended for any stand-alone PV system so that little problems can be found and corrected before they affect system operation. The system should be checked soon after installation when it is presumably operating well.

Interested in setting up a Captive solar power for your factory? Send mail to   subject    Factory power 











A stand-alone PV plant for AC and DC loads:


The broad steps involved in designing a roof-top stand-alone solar PV plant are:

  1. Estimation of total loads and energy
  2. Selection of an inverter
  3. Sizing of battery bank
  4. Sizing of PV array
  5. Selection of other components
  6. Installation and commissioning
  7. Testing and evaluation


Estimation of total loads and energy:


  1. Sum the total AC connected watts
  2. Sum the total DC connected watts
  3. Calculate the AC average daily energy requirement
  4. Divide this by the inverter efficiency to obtain the DC energy required to the AC load
  5. Calculate the total energy requirement due DC loads
  6. Add the DC energies obtained by step 4 and step 5
  7. This quantity is the total DC energy load on the battery bank



Selection of inverter:


  1. The capacity of the inverter must be more than that of the total daily average AC loads, including their surge requirement
  2. The nominal DC input voltage of the inverter will be the battery bank voltage and is decided by the design of the inverter
  3. The output will be single phase or three phase , 230/440V  & 50Hz, to be compatible to the AC loads requirement
  4. The conversion efficiency at minimum load (10%) should be 80%
  5. Total Harmonic Distortion (TDH) < 3%
  6. The wave shape, crest factor, power factor etc, to be as per the load requirements


Battery bank sizing:


  1. The total DC energy ÷ the nominal input voltage gives the daily Ampere Hour (AH) requirement from the battery bank
  2. The daily AH hours X autonomy ÷ discharge limit provides the battery bank Ampere hour capacity
  3. Battery bank AH capacity/Individual battery AH gives the number of batteries in parallel (generally it is 1)
  4. DC system voltage ÷ the battery voltage gives number of batteries in series




PV array sizing:


  1. Average daily AH requirement from the battery ÷ battery columbic efficiency gives the AH to be put in by the PV array in a day
  2. AH required from PV array ÷ average peak sun hours in a day of the site gives Amperes required from PV array
  3. Amperes from array peak ÷ panel (or module) peak ampere gives number of PV panel strings required in parallel
  4. Nominal system DC voltage ÷ nominal operating module voltage gives the number of SPV modules in one series string
  5. Number of modules in one series string X number of parallel strings gives the total number of SPV modules in the power plant
  6. Number of PV modules X PV module wattage is the total PV array wattage



Other components:


  1. Charge controller maximum current capacity should be one and half times that of total short circuit current of all parallel strings
  2. The total open circuit voltage of all the modules in series should give the maximum voltage of the charge controller
  3. The cables connecting the module to Junction boxes, to that of DC board and battery bank should be selected as per the standards
  4. Cut-outs, fuses and other control components should be as per the National standard of Electrical current ratings


Key words: Solar PV, photovoltaic system design, PV arrays, total AC and DC loads, selection of inverter for SPV, battery bank sizing, SPV array sizing, charge controller, SPV module, ampere hours (AH)




Easy Steps to Plan your solar roof top solution

Solar power energy systems are not inexpensive.
Nor are they too expensive.
At present many households and factories, just need power.
Not many are asking as to when they will get the capital back.

Here is a news item in The Hindu saying that in a few years
the electricity tariff will be Rs 13 or Rs 14/- (

Subsidies and incentives vary from state gov to state gov.
Many times it takes time to get the subsidies from the Gov.




Fill and get your house assessed by specialists free of cost!





Step 1: List your equipment

Write down the names of appliances/ devices and the number of hours you need solar
power to run them.

Number of Fans ( ) and if you know the Wattage (W) and no of hours u need it per day ( )

Number of Lights and if you know the Wattage (W) and no of hours u need it per day ( )

Number of Refrigerators and if you know the Wattage (W) and no of hours u need it per day ( )
( here you can specify the size also)


Number of Washing machines (1) and if you know the Wattage (W) and no of hours u need it per day ( )

Number of grinders (1) and if you know the Wattage (W) and no of hours u need it per day ( )

Step 2: Roof area you have in square feet


Step 3: Do you want a battery? If yes, for how many hours.

 Fill the above information and email to 

Send the above info to < >


If you are an installer/integrator, register with us with address and experience


 area of operations


  < >


 We can send u leads  !!










 1KW system for Rs.2,10,000 (two lakh ten thousand only).




In this Govt. is offering Rs.70,000 as subsidy for 1KW system.

So, the customer has to pay only Rs.1,40,000 to us, we will get the subsidy directly from government.

2KW system will be Rs.2,70,000.

The break up is as follows:

Solar panels- Rs.60,000 (1000W)

Battery Rs.50,000 (400AH Solar Battery)

Inverter Rs. 30,000 (1KVA)

Mounting structures Rs.25,000

Cable and others Rs.20,000

VAT   Rs.12,000

For 2KW system just double.


Installer 2

1 KW (Without Battery)                              in Rs.
==================                            =====
1 KWp Solar Panels                                  51000
1 KVA PCU                                                24000
Junction Box (4:1)                                       4500
MS Structure                                             15000
Solar PV Cable                                           3000
Installation - Civil                                      10000
Installation - Wiring                                     8000

1 KW (With Battery)                                  in Rs.
===============                                    ====
1 KWp Solar Panels                                  51000
1 KVA PCU                                                24000
2 X 200 Ah C10 Battery                            35000
Junction Box (4:1)                                       4500
MS Structure                                             15000
Solar PV Cable                                           3000
Installation - Civil                                      10000
Installation - Wiring                                   10000






This blog consists of three parts 

Part I deals with latest solar energy news from Kerala

 Part II deals mostly with the Government regulations and guidelines for solar energy in Kerala.

 Part III deals with solar energy business opportunities, solar energy business strategy, and solar energy investment required for different types of businesses all catering to the Private sector from large corporates to small medium ones. 

Part I

 Latest News – Kerala Solar Energy

Part II

Solar irradiation in Kerala

Demographics of Kerala

Renewable policy of Kerala

Solar projects in Kerala

Renewable Energy Centre Mithradham

Part III

The solar energy business potential in Kerala and Business opportunities in Kerala


ANERT Scheme for subsidised solar rooftop in kerala

Target : 10 MW for Rooftop solar pv


Support by ANERT                                            : Rs 39000/ kw

Subsidy by Central govt                                    :  30 % of the project cost or Rs 81000/kw
whichever is lower

Eligibility                                                             : Only one application per individual size 1 kwp

No of applications
recd from 1st to 12th                                       : 1278

Max applications
allowed                                                              : 10,000

Target of the scheme                                      : Households and cottage industries

Grid connection                                                : Not grid connected

Estimated cost of 
a 1kw system with 
battery by ANERT                                             : Rs 2,50,000/ kw


Subsidy by ANERT 
Subsidy by Central
Government                                                     : Rs 1,20,000 / kw

Therefore investment                                     : Rs 1,30,000 /kw

Minimum rooftop 
area                                                                   : 15 square meters

Enclosed area with 
limited access
for battery and 
inverter                                                               : 2 square meters



Solar Installations 2012

International Training for Solar Installation and Cable Technique

Controlling and Maintenance



Date: October 15th - 19th, 2012, 9am - 5pm


Renewable energy centre Mithradham is the first fully solar educational institution in India dedicated to the promotion of Renewable Energy, expecially solar energy in India. Mithradham has been offering training programmes in solar energy with international experts for the last ten years.

Renewable Energy Centre Mithradham offers one week training programme conducted by German solar PV engineer Mr. Christoph Würtemberger, M W Zander FE GmbH, who is responsible for solar energy generators. He has installed and supervised many solar energy installations in different parts of the world.

The one week training programme is tailored to all who have a basic knowledge in electricity and intend to make use of it, especially engineers and technicians. Consultancy services are also offered by prior appointment with the expert during the training programme.

A certificate will be issued at the end of the training programme. The following are the areas of theoretical and practical training:

  • Basics of solar energy
  • Stand alone PV systems: Planning and Installation
  • Grid connected systems
  • Solar cable technology
  • Maintenance and Surveillance of PV installations

Registration information:

  • Registration fee Rs. 500,- paid by D.D/M.O. addressed to the Director Mithradham (by crossed chq. Rs. 250,-)
  • Total course fee Rs. 6.500,- includes course material, lunch and refreshments. Course fee may be paid at the time of joining the programme.
  • Lodging with breakfast & supper Rs. 1.200/day for single room, Rs. 1.500/day for double room
  • Only 25 participants are admitted for the training programme and admission is on first come first serve basis

Download programme flyer



Installation of 100 Kwp solar power facility at Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery

 Vikram Solar, a Kolkata-based leading solar module manufacturing company, announced today that it would be installing a 100 Kwp solar power facility at the Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery. 

Vikram Solar will design, install and commission this 100 Kw capacity Solar PV Power System at the airport. The solar power facility will consist of mounted solar panels which will generate DC electric power. The electric power generated by the solar panels will not be fed directly into the utility grid. 

The inverters will cover the direct current output from the solar array into a grid compliant AC voltage which will feed it into the utility grid system. Power evacuation will be through connections with LT voltage for local or grid export. The proposed energy production will be at an estimated 148 MWh per year with a capacity of 100 kWp. The energy capacity of each PV module will reach upto 240 - 250 Wp. 

This is an excellent opportunity and a path breaking vision that has been brought to light by the Cochin Airport Authority in encouraging the use of "Green" energy for such critical service utilities and will definitely open the doors with all other Airports and Utility services towards the use of sustainable Clean & Green Power and help support the "reenergizing" of the environment. 

"This also will be a very welcome sight for the many millions of foreign visitors that will use the airport facilities at this Gateway into the Middle East at Cochin airport, from & into India and help spearhead the success story of our country going the "green" way riding the crest of empowerment of the JNNSM Solar Policy in India " said Shaibal Ghosh, president - international business & head marketing at Vikram Solar.



 In an effort to conserve energy, the state government has joined hands with CBSE schools. Students in CBSE schools will be given lessons inenergy conservation and preventing wastage at schools and home. This is part of the 'Energy Smart Schools' project launched by Kerala CBSE School Management Association along with the Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) and Energy Management Centre on Sunday.

Through the project, the government hopes to reach at least 15-lakh homes in the state. To give a boost to the project, power minister Aryadan Mohammed has announced Rs 1 lakh cash prize for the CBSE school that conserves maximum energy. A cash prize of Rs 25,000 will be awarded at the district level and Rs 500 at the school level. "Our requirement is 3,400MW but we are able to generate only 1,700MW in the state and have to spend a fortune to import power. Therefore, we have to now focus on power conservation more than power generation," said Mohammed.

"We have 15-lakh students and each student will be acquainted with ways in which they can save energy. They will be encouraged to follow the energy conservation methods at home and in the neighbourhood. Schools will monitor electricity bills produced by students to see if there is any reduction in units used at home," said Kerala CBSE School Management Association general secretary Indira Rajan.

Speaking on the occasion, former president APJ Abdul Kalam, who was the chief guest at the function, said the country's energy future depended on how households harnessed solar power using solar panels. "India has approximately 200 million houses. Around 60 million houses don't have access to electricity. There needs to be a national policy to generate grid independent solar power for these dwellings," he said The facility can be gradually extended to another 140 million houses.

Kalam said that building energy efficiency by actually saving it was the most economically feasible and convenient way to generate energy. "Propagating the message of saving energy, embracing alternative energy resources and teaching people to adopt non-conventional energy sources through school students will have a wider impact on the society," Kalam said.



*Solar Plus launches its operations in Kerala

International Solar Energy producing company Solar Plus today started its operations in Kerala by launching 39 products.

The company proposes to provide the benefits of solar energy at a nominal cost to the domestic-industrial customers who are facing acute power crisis, Director Anil R Thampi told reporters here.

With the sunlight which falls on one square feet for six hours, five units of power can be produced per day. Poor monsoon in the state is a blow to hydel power, while wind energy was not viable barring in Palakkad and Ramakkalmedu.

Sunlight was the lone sustainable and eco-friendly power source, he said.

The company’s aim is to make India self-sufficient in power production with technical support of the US, the UK, Hong Kong, Canada and Australia.

Company’s chief Innovator and Advisor Kumar Thakkar said they can provide complete lighting solutions.

The company is hopeful of a turnover of Rs 25 lakh per month from Kerala, he added.

The products, which have already been launched in rural Maharashtra, will be launched in Tamil Nadu soon, he said.

Among the products launched are Solar Invertors, mobile chargers and solar DC Ceiling fans.



*Solar Bicycle a viable option to save fuel and reduce pollution

Solar bicycle is the need of the hour since it is less polluting and will save fuel, says Shyam Kumar S, technical director, Innovation Experience, a Thiruvananthapuram-based non-profit organisation.

In a major initiative the organisation has developed two solar bicycles at a cost of Rs 40,000 each, these are now in use in the Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram campuses of UST Global, the founding and funding partner of Innovation Experience.

The company is planning to construct more bicycles and seeks government support for the project.

“If one rides a solar bicycle 20 km a day 0.33  litre petrol can be saved. The solar bicycle developed by us can travel up to 40 km on a single charge and can get charged while moving. The government can take the initiative to make solar bicycle mandatory at government offices at least in Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram,” Shyam Kumar said.

Though the production cost is Rs 40,000 now, upon mass construction it could be reduced to Rs 25,000. With the government subsidy the cost will come down to around `16,000, he said. The imported solar panel from Taiwan, which costs  around Rs 15,000, is the most expensive component of the solar bicycle.  Apart from solar bicycle, the company is  mainly into clean energy, waste management and innovative education initiatives.


 The Kerala State Electricity Board will soon take a count of households relying on electrical inverters to deal with the planned power restrictions in the state. It doesn't intend to declare a war on inverters, though. The aim is to persuade consumers to explore the solar energy option to charge their inverters.

Board finance member S Venugopal said the widespread use of electrical inverters was a reason why KSEB fails in achieving the desired results of power restrictions. He said any reduction in power used to feed the inverters would benefit both consumers and the board alike. The board is looking at several options to take a census of household inverters. "Our meter-reading employees can gather the information but the data would need a secondary validation. We have not yet finalised the secondary validation option. I hope most consumers would heed to our appeal as it would be mutually beneficial," Venugopal said. The state electricity regulatory commission has set proliferation of energy conservation methods and promotion of green energy production as two key responsibilities of KSEB, but the latter is yet to come up with any major initiative of massive nature.KSEB had earlier identified the increasing number of induction cookers in households as the main reason for a sharp rise in power consumption early in the morning. However, the board and the government later clarified that there was no move to restrict the use of induction cookers by law, considering the general sentiments.



a study by Ramachandra et al (2011) does say that Kerala receives an average sunshine above 5 kWh/m2/day, which is the minimum required for feasible solar generation units. However, a deeper look at the statisticsshows the average insolation is barely above that minimum requirement. Just 5.30 kWh/m2/day. There is a spike in insolation from January to May, but that's about it.

Commercially available solar power panels are fickle creatures. On an average they convert just about 20 per cent of the irradiation they receive into electricity. Two factors mainly affect their performance -

1) Irradiation received

2) Spectral distribution of sunlight

I am no expert. But logic dictates that with such long months of low sunlight and monsoon clouds bound to affect spectral distribution of light, solar cells may not generate enough electricity to justify the set up cost. Commercially used solar panels do experience reduced conversion efficiencies in cloudy weather, often as low as 40per cent.

The next problem is land. To generate 1 MW electricity using solar power, you require at least 5 acres of land. It's simple arithmetic. A 30 MW project would need 150 acres. The total 330 MW target would require a whopping 1650 acres.Figures show Kerala has one of the lowest amounts of barren/uncultivable land in India. 25000 hectares, or 1 per cent of total land.

Kerala has banned use of cultivable land for residential or commercial purposes. But it's quite likely that there will always be those willing to bend the rules for a profit. Land sharks are a major menace in Kerala, and even the High Court has had to step in. It is quite evident that when the Korean company starts setting up, it could be the paddy fields of Palakkad which would be threatened.

Setting up private solar power generation units may end up a recipe for disaster.

But by no means am I against the use of renewable energy sources. Solar power is a good idea, but bad policy and regulation would see it become ineffective. To be fair, Kerala government has already revealed it will put up a comprehensive Solar Power Policy soon. State Minister Aryadan Muhammad has also announced plans to subsidise solar power for 10,000 homes under the National Solar Mission. But these measures may be a little too late in the day to really pack the fillip Kerala needs in power generation. It is estimated that the state's power requirement will shoot to 6500 MW by 2022.

 Considering the limitations of setting up large scale projects, the state government should instead popularise solar energy generation among the populace. With that aim in mind, the following measures could prove invaluable.

 One - Grid Connected Solar Power Generation

 Per capita power consumption in Kerala is about 600 kWh per year. One of the lowest in the country. So, the proposal to subsidise 1kWh generating units per household is laudable. This would go a long way in adding additional generation capacity to the state. However, the proposal does not envisage linking these power generation units to existing grids. In essence, these will merely operate as solar powered power backup systems for homes. This is could lead to a potential wastage of generated power. An alternate model should be a grid-connected system where the solar cells installed on rooftops feed into the grid. As shown in experiments abroad, these would help in more efficient usage of electricity.

 A grid connected system, would help redistribute excess power generated. For that to work though, an array of solar panels are required as opposed to individual ones operating independently. A viable proposal would be set up community based solar power generation units at village level in rural areas. For example, a village with 100 homes could help generate 100 kWh of electricity, redistributing excess power either to the state electricity grid, or locally channelling excess for other uses like powering agricultural equipment, street lights etc.


Two - Pay the Difference

 A 1 kWh power generation unit costs approximately Rs 2.5 lakhs, of which central and state financial assistance amount to around Rs 1.2 lakhs. Under the current proposal, any interested person would have to shell out over Rs 1.3 lakhs from his own pocket to set up a power generation system in his home. The prohibitive cost is bound to discourage interest in the new scheme.

 An alternative would be for the state government/panchayats to implement a Feed-In Tariff system. Abroad, especially in UK and Australia, private home owners with solar power generation units connected to the grid are paid for excess capacity generated by them. This would be a return on their initial investment to set up the infrastructure.

 In Kerala, the government or local bodies could, however, own the generation units themselves, but lease them to willing consumers for nominal fees. In a grid connected system, it would be a simple matter to calculate the amount of power generated and power consumed by these households using meters. For one, a household that generates say 100 kWh electricity and consumes 200 kWh, could benefit by paying only for the difference. In case a household generates more electricity than it consumes, the government could choose to pay back the consumers a nominal fee as remuneration for the use of space. This would encourage more consumers to opt-in as it would be a means of either revenue generation or cost-cutting.


Three - Light the Way

 Take a drive on any road in Kerala, and one of the biggest problems you will face is the lack of adequate street lighting. It has become quite common in many states to use solar powered street lights and traffic signals. Expedited installation of such systems in the state would help cut consumption of power by public conveniences.

 But it has to be acknowledged that setting up such solar powered lighting facilities may be cost prohibitive. Instead, the state government should seriously consider encouraging large commercial buildings to set up solar arrays on their roof tops and feed in power generated to street lights in their areas. In fact, the government may choose to make this a mandatory requirement for large commercial buildings, just as rainwater harvesting facilities were made mandatory. A grid-connected system could preclude the need for individual power backups to store generated power. A feed-in tariff model would work admirably in this case too.

 Kerala government has taken the right step in identifying the overarching need for reliance on alternate energy sources. Solar energy can be a cheap and viable form or power generation, except for its prohibitive initial costs. Instead of relying on private power companies to generate electricity, it might be in the state's interest to encourage power generation at the local level, through community based schemes or by rewarding consumers to contribute to generation. Monsoon could still cloud power generation prospects. But perhaps it's smarter to scatter power generation units across the entire state than to rely on arrays concentrated only in certain areas.



* a solar-energy project and a new restroom for visitors at the Central Jail, Poojappura, Trivandrum



Kerala Electricity Minister Aryadan Mohammed has said the state government would soon unveil a new solar energy policy as part of its initiatives to ramp up the energy security.

“We have finalised the Solar Power Policy and it will be announced after getting approval from the cabinet,’ he told a sectoral session on ‘Energy, including Green Energy and Environmental Technologies”, as part of the Emerging Kerala Global Connect here.

He also announced that the government will launch a ’10,000 solar home programme’ in the state as a pilot project under the National Solar Mission.

Minister of State for Power K C Venugopal said there was enormous potential for solar power in Kerala. ‘The Centre has drawn up a plan for radiation mapping in the country and Kerala’s Palakkad and Kannur may be included in this scheme.’ He said the power requirement of the state would increase to 6,500 MW by 2022. ‘We need to think about meeting this requirement,’ he said, adding that the Centre was considering setting up an R and D centre in the state for research in energy and related sectors.

Source: New kerala



* ANERT, Thycaud P.O., Thiruvananthapuram - 695014

Tel. 0471-2338077, Fax: 2329853,,

Project of 1 kW × 10,000 Roof-top Solar Power Plants 



CIRCULAR No. 4351/ANERT/10000SRTP/12-13, Dated, 24/08/2012.


The Scheme


Installation of 10,000 numbers of roof-top Solar PV powerplants, each with 1 kWp

capacity. One system allowable to an individual beneficiary, if technically feasible,

with Central and State financial support.



More Details


1. Minimum Requirements for the installation of power plant & 

General Information 

a. Minimum 15 square metre shade free area for installing 1 kWp Solar panel


b. Suitable space for accommodating battery and inverter is required near to

the  module  structure.   (i.e.  about  2 m


 covered,  ventilated  area  with

restricted access)  


c. The system will be in the off-grid mode with some battery backup. The

electricity generated (approximately 4 units per 1 kWp system per day) is

to be used for internal consumption (that is, not for export to grid).


d. The expected life span of the system (except battery) is around 25 years

with proper maintenance. 


e. The Government/ ANERT reserves the right to modify any of the terms and

conditions given in this circular.


2. System cost and Subsidy/ Financial incentive available:


a. Approximate cost of the system is about Rs.2.5 lakh. Exact cost figures will

be intimated in the Allotment Letter.


b. Central financial assistance expected is Rs.81,000/- per system or 30% of

the cost, whichever is lower. 


c. State financial assistance of Rs.39,000/- per system is available in addition

to the Central financial assistance.-:2:-


3. How to apply and register


a. Application  form  will  be  made  available  on  ANERT  website

(, with effect from 1/9/2012. 


b. Photocopies  of  the  application  form  may  be  used.  When  the  targets

available (10,000 Nos.) get exhausted, application process will be closed

and the matter intimated on ANERT’s website. Applicants are advised to

verify this status on ANERT’s website, before sending the application. 


c. Applicant has to apply to ANERT in the prescribed format along with an

application  fee  of  Rs.500/-  as  DD  drawn  in  favor  of  Director,  ANERT,



d. The application form must be accompanied by the required application

fee, a self-attested copy of a Photo identity card, copy of recent electricity

bill, and a self-addressed and Rs.5/- stamped envelope. In the case of

Government/LSG  buildings,  registration  fee  and  photo  ID  card  are

exempted  upon  making  an  official  request  by  the  head  of  office



e. Filled in application form along with registration fee and documents has to

be  sent  to  The  Director,  ANERT,  Thycaud  P.O.,  Thiruvananthapuram  –

695014 by post/courier.


f. Applications  without  all  the  details  and  documents  will  be  summarily



g. Selection of beneficiaries will be strictly on first come first served basis.

District wise target allocation may be introduced if found necessary.


h. A registration number will be allotted by ANERT in the acknowledgement

letter to the applicant.


i. The registration is not transferable to another beneficiary or site/building. 


j. The  site  will  be  inspected  by  ANERT  officials  for  assessing  technical

feasibility and if found technically feasible, plant will be allotted to the

applicant through an Allotment Letter.


k. If the building is under construction, building number has to be submitted

by December 2012 or else the registration will be cancelled and the target

allotted to those in the waiting list.


l. Plants constructed without getting the Allotment Letter from ANERT or

without  following  the  instructions/  specifications  contained  in  the

Allotment Letter from ANERT will not be considered for subsidy release.


4. System Sizing and implementation strategy


a. System Sizing is as given below. Beneficiary has the freedom to select

system according to his/her requirements from the list given below.


Capacity of SPV Module

Capacity of PCU

Capacity of Battery


I. 1000 W 1 kVA 5400 Wh Recommended if used 

mainly during day time -:3:-Configuration

Capacity of SPV Module

Capacity of PCU

Capacity of Battery


II. 1000 W 1 kVA 7200 Wh Mostly night time use of

 about 5 hours on full load. 

III. 1000 W 1kVA 12000Wh Mostly night time use with one day autonomy (about 5 hours on full load per day)


b. The  List  of  approved  system  suppliers/integrators  with  their  price list

against each configuration will be provided by ANERT in the Allotment



c. A beneficiary  will  have  the  freedom  to  select  the  system

 supplier/ integrator from  the  list  provided  by  ANERT according  to  their

choice  and  the  beneficiary  will  then  place  a  firm  work  order  to  the

supplier. A copy of the work order along with invoice and bill of material

has to be presented to ANERT before release of subsidy. Upon installing

and commissioning the system, the eligible subsidy will be released to the

beneficiary,  after  conducting  inspection  by  ANERT.  At  the  stage  of

releasing the subsidy, the same may be released to the supplier on behalf

of the beneficiary, if the beneficiary duly authorises the same and the

supplier agrees to this arrangement.


d. Technical specification of the system shall be according to MNRE norms/

specifications as intimated by ANERT. 


e. The installation and commissioning should be completed within 3 months

of receiving the Allotment Letter from ANERT.


5. Warranty and Maintenance 


a. Total system will have a warranty for 5 years.  PV module will have a

performance warrantee for their output peak watt capacity (not less than

90% at the end of 12 years and 80% at the end of 25 years).


b. The beneficiary should maintain and operate the system properly for a

minimum period of 5 years, and any failure to do so will require that the

beneficiary should refund the subsidy availed. Beneficiary will be required

to execute an undertaking to this effect before receiving the subsidy.


c. The beneficiary will provide performance details of the system to ANERT

and allow ANERT officials to inspect the plants, as and when required in

the future.



DIRECTOR ANERT, Thycaud PO, Thiruvananthapuram - 695014

Tel. 0471-2338077, Fax: 2329853,,




Application Form 

for 1kW Roof-top Solar Power Plant (2012-13)

(To be sent to The Director, ANERT at the above address)

For Office Use

Reg. No. : …………...................

Dt. : .......................................

Application fee details:

DD No.:  ...............................

Dt. :.......................................

Bank : ....................................

1 Name of applicant

2 Address in Full



3 Mobile phone No.

4 STD code/Land line No.

5 Email ID

6 Category (SC/ST/General)

7 Beneficiary has to submit self attested copy of Voters ID card/ Passport/ 

PAN card/any other photo ID card

Type of ID card submitted

ID card No.

Site Details:

8 Address of the site for 



9 Nearest land mark

10 Name of DISTRICT

11 Grama Panchayat/ 

Municipality/ Corporation

12 Ward No./Building No.-:2:-

13 Type of Application(Domestic / 


14 If non-domestic, specify type of building

[shop/ industry/ Govt./ educational/ 

others (specify)]

15 Shade free area available for installation of solar 

panel (Minimum requirement is nearly 15 m


)       ......................m


Electricity Consumption Details:

16 Do you have electricity connection YES / NO

(If YES, attach a copy of recent electricity bill)

17 Average monthly consumption of electricity  


18 Remittance details of application fee of Rs. 500/-







Son/Daughter of .........................................................................................,  have

read  and  hereby  agree  with  the  terms  and  conditions  and  specifications

stipulated by ANERT for the selection and installation of roof-top solar power

plant. If allotted a plant, I agree to complete the installation within the time

allowed and submit the details to ANERT for release of subsidy. 

Signature : 

Place :       Name:

Date :


1.Copy of photo ID card (YES/NO): ………. 

2.Copy of recent electricity bill (YES/NO): ……….

3.DD for Rs.500/- (YES/NO): ……….

4. Self-addressed Rs.5/- stamped envelope (YES/NO): ……….

5. Filled in acknowledgment slip (YES/NO): ……….-:3:-


Your application for the roof-top solar power plant under the “10000 Roof-Top

Solar  Power  Plant  Project  2012-13”  has  been  received  along  with  the

registration fee of Rs.500/- vide DD with the following details:

DD No. 

DD Date

Issuing Bank

Amount Rs.500/-

(To be filled in by the applicant)  

The  following  Registration  Number  has  been  allotted  to  your  application.

Please quote this Registration Number in all your future correspondences.

Registration Number

Date of Registration 

(To be filled in by ANERT)  



Thycaud P. O.

Thiruvananthapuram - 695014



(Applicant has to write the full postal address with PIN in BLOCK 

letters in the box above) 



*Solar boats to be used to reduce the fuel cost

Even as transport development agencies discuss the need to integrate various modes of transport, the state water transport department (SWTD) has come up with a plan to revamp its fleet and utilize solar energy to bring down the fuel cost. The department plans to introduce solar boats and set up chemical toilets in existing boats.

Speaking on the project, SWTD director Shaji V Nair said that the decision to introduce solar boats on a trial basis would be taken after scrutinizing a report submitted by the ship technology department of Cochin University of Science and Technology ( CUSAT). The state government took the initiative to authorise the university to conduct the study. "After analysing the report, we will look into the project cost and feasibility," he said.

Researchers with the ship technology department said that a ferry boat fitted with solar panels can carry 75 people. "It is designed in such a way that excess energy can be stored in standby batteries and used during night. During the monsoon season when there is less sunlight, the boat can use a stand-by diesel engine," said associate professor Dileep K Krishnan, who is involved in the project. The use of solar boats will eliminate emission of greenhouse and noxious gases. Meanwhile, the department will set up chemical toilets in all their boats as soon as the project is cleared by the state government. "We expect the order to be issued within a week. In the initial phase, chemical toilets will be set up in 49 boats owned by the department," said Shaji. A detailed project for setting up chemical toilets at a total cost of Rs 70 lakh was submitted to the state government. SWTD operates more than 80 boats across 14 operating stations in Kerala. The plan is to install special tanks to collect the waste in boats and treat it using chemicals.



* Smart solar inverter launched in Kerala


Ronds Innotech Saturday launched a home inverter here that runs on solar power and if attached to home appliances like fans and televisions can considerably reduce electricity bills.

"The product ('Smart Solar Inverter') will be available initially in south India and then expanded to other markets. The price range begins from Rs.29,000 for the base model," said Sijo Joseph, CEO, Ronds Innotech. The company is based in Technopark, a technology hub in Thiruvananthapuram.


The device, the first of its kind, is equipped with an inbuilt embedded performance tracking system and can communicate with a remote PC.

Joseph said the device is developed to support all home appliances such as lights, fans, televisions and all household electrical equipments.

The 'Smart Solar Inverter' is an innovative and patented technology that can reduce electricity bills considerably. It works both on solar and normal mode.

Moreover, the company has also developed a facility to convert existing inverters at home to a smart solar inverter by adding Rond Solar Hybrid Automated Power Controlling Unit (APCU).

The inverter's automated power source selection mechanism (APSS) automates the power selection between AC mains and solar power.

If there is sufficient power from the sunlight, APSS will directly run the applications from sunlight without taking power from AC mains supply, thus reducing the electricity bill to a great extent and if the load connected requires more power, APSS will change power source to AC mains supply.

"There is always a growth and scope of innovative ideas like these which are helping us making our lives better, these new innovations bring in a positive array of thoughts in minds of other entrepreneurs," said K.C. Chandrashekharan Nair, Registrar, Technopark TBI, launching the device. source 1/10/12

Solar Energy News And Updates in Kerala


*Off Grid PV subsidy program launched in Kerala


The Indian state of Kerala has launched a subsidy program for off-grid rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) plants for 2012-2013.

Under the Solar Rooftop Power Plants program the state will provide INR 39,000 (USD 720) per 1 KW system, and anticipates an additional central government subsidy of INR 81,000 (USD 1,500) per system. The program will be limited to 10,000 1 KW systems, for a total of 10 MW of PV capacity.


Battery backup required

Under the program, systems must have battery power storage between 5.4 kWh and 12 kWh. ANERT (Thiruvananthapuram, India) estimates that these systems will cost around INR 2.5 lakh (USD 4,600).

Applications have been available on the ANERT website as of September 1st, 2012, and ANERT will additionally be announcing a list of qualified vendors for the program.






*Public responds well to small scale solar power plants in Kerala


The state government's attempt to popularize solar-based small-scale power plants is getting a solid response from the public.

The Agency for Non-conventional Energy andRural Technology (Anert), which is implementing the scheme, has received around 4,000 applications for setting up power plants of 1 kWp capacity.

"The initial public response is pretty good. Our target is to set up 10,000 rooftop solar powerplants in the current fiscal. Once we finalize our technology partners and the cost per plant, we expect more people to take up the scheme," Anert director P Valsaraj said.

Though the government had planned to rope in interested households for setting up 15,000 grid-connected rooftop solar power plants across the state, the idea was shelved because the Union government subsidy for solar plants is limited to 'off grid' power plants. The beneficiaries of the scheme would get around Rs 1.2 lakh as subsidy from the state and central governments. The selected households will have to spend around Rs 1 lakh for setting up a plant. The electricity department hopes to generate 10MW power by setting up 10,000 such units.

Valsaraj said several companies had come forward to partner with Anert for the project. "We would be empanelling at least 20 top-rated companies to provide technical assistance. Once this is done, we would be able to create a benchmark for the quality of equipment and fix the price structure," he said.

Thiruvananthapuram: The state government's attempt to popularise solar based small scale power plants has started getting impressive response from public. Agency for Non-conventional Energy and Rural Technology (ANERT), nodal agency for the scheme roll out, has received around 4000 applications for setting up the power plants of 1 KWp capacity.

The initial public response towards the subsidized scheme is pretty good. Our target is to set up 10,000 roof top mount solar power plants during the current fiscal. Once we complete the process of finalising the technology partners and the cost per plant, we expect more people to show interest towards the scheme'', said P Valsaraj, director of ANERT.

Though the state government had at first planned to rope in interested households for setting up 15,000 grid connected roof top solar power plants across the state, the idea had to be shelved primarily because the Union government subsidy to the solar plants is limited only to off grid'' power plants.

Beneficiaries of the scheme would get around Rs 1.2 lakh as subsidy from the state and central governments together. For setting up a single plant, the selected households will have to spend around Rs 1 lakh. By setting up 10,000 such units, the state power department hops to generate 10 MW of collar energy.

According to Valsaraj, several companies with national presence have expressed their willingness to part with ANERT for the roll of the solar power project in a technically competent, yet financially viable manner.

We would be empanelling at least 20 top rated companies for providing technical assistance for the roll out of the scheme. Once the empanelment is through, we would be able to create a bench mark for the quality of equipment and price structure for small scale solar power plants in the state'', he said.





*Solar energy the only way out for Kerala in the future


With no additional power generation on the cards, the only way for Kerala to prevent a blackout is to go green and tap solar power, an expert said Tuesday. The state requires another 2,000 MW of power in the next five years.


Presently while neighbouring states is reeling under blackouts, Kerala today has an hour's load shedding with half an hour duration in the morning and in the night.


"From what we have come to know from our studies is that in the next five years the state would require an addition of a minimum of 2,000 MW in addition to the present various energy sources that is around 3,000 MW and solar power is the only option," said Subind Kamalasanan, managing director of Eliotec, who are into solar energy using German technology.


Today the state's power sources come from hydel (1,997 MW)which constitutes a giant share, followed by thermal (559) ,central pool and a minuscule share through wind energy.


Kamalasanan told reporters here that Germany went for 'green power' way back in the early nineties and today their company is making giant strides in the various Middle-East countries.





 * Solar powered noiseless boats in kerala


All the fuel and noise pollution caused by boats in our waters may be a thing of the past if an experiment planned by the Kerala State Water Transport Department succeeds. It has decided to go in for solar power  as a fuel source in its  boats.

The state government has sanctioned the project submitted by the KSWTD and entrusted the Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT) to  study it. A special team has also been formed to review the feasibility study.


source 1/10/12



* Kerala electricity revision


THIRUVANANTHAPURAM/KOCHI: Kerala State Electricity Regulatory Commission on Thursday announced tariff revision for consumers across the board in the state with retrospective effect from July 1, 2012. It's after 10 years that the state is facing comprehensive revision of power tariff. The revision amounts to an average 30% increase in tariff for consumers of all categories.

The revision will give Kerala State Electricity Board an additional income of Rs 1676.84 crore.

"The overall average increase in tariff is 30.2%. The average cost of supplying one unit of electricity is Rs 4.64. Even after the hike, KSEB would be able to meet only 95% of its cost per unit of electricity.

"The amount that the board would get from its consumers is Rs 4.40/unit in the post-tariff revision.

"Even after the revision, the average tariff of domestic consumers is fixed at Rs 2.80 per unit, which is only 60% of the cost incurred by the board for per unit of electricity,'' the commission said. According to the commission, the tariff of domestic consumers was designed to have a minimal impact on responsible consumers who restrict their consumption within reasonable limits.

However, for unrestrained consumption, the increase is sharper.

Though there are about 85 lakhs domestic consumers in the state, only about 9.5 lakhs consume more than 200 units per month. The number of consumers who use more than 500 units per month is 24,000.

The commission did not accept KSEB's proposal for introducing fixed charges based on consumption patterns. Instead, it permitted the board to collect Rs 20 as fixed charge from consumers having single phase connection and Rs 60 per month for three phase consumers. However consumers having an average monthly consumption of less than 40 units per month are exempted from fixed charges.

For the first time, the commission allowed KSEB to introduce the concept of 'time-of-day (TOD) tariff in domestic sector from January 1, 2013. As per TOD, all domestic users with average consumption of more than 500 units per month will have to pay more price for the power they consume during peak hours, ie, from 6 pm to 10 pm. All industrial consumers with a connected load of more than 20 KW also will have to move over to TOD tariff with effect from January, 1, 2013.

For commercial consumers, the commission reduced the tariff proposed by KSEB for lower levels of consumption, but imposed higher rates for higher consumption, which according the commission was done as a signal for initiating conservation and Demand Side Management (DSM). For consumers in heavy commercial category who consume more than 30,000 units /month the tariff was increased to Rs 5.50 per unit from Rs 3.70. The demand charge per kVA has also been increased to Rs 400 from the current Rs 350. Star hotels, private hospitals, airports, business houses and self-financing educational institutions come under this HT IV commercial category.

As per the revision, electricity tariff rate for agriculture activities would increase from the existing Rs 1.30 per unit to Rs 1.80. Putting an end to the on-going disputes, the commission declared that only domestic tariff should be applicable to home stay''. This decision was taken in view of tourism promotion, the commission said.

The commission said it would soon announce financial incentive schemes for the promotion of electricity generation from solar energy. more 26/7/12



* first railway terminus down South that will be powered by solar energy- Thiruvananthapuram


*  there will soon be a solar revolution in Kerala : Thanks to churches


* Two retired engineers have come up with proposals that could solve our power situation. Tap the sun and get shade on the road in the bargain, they say

Visualise this:

Scenario 1: You are driving to the shopping mall on a hot February afternoon and the car is cool even without a/c. There is shade throughout the drive. Suddenly summer showers arrive. But there is no rain falling on the windshield, because 30 ft above the road, there are solar panels, fitted over the length and breadth of the road, quietly producing electricity with Nature’s superstar, the Sun, for the streetlights to burn and much else.


Scenario 2: You are sitting in an armchair under a tree in the countryside and enjoying birdsong, on the lawns in your house. You ignore the noise of the traffic, as it seems quite far away. There is a muffled chug-chug-chug and a feeble screeching sound of brakes above. For just above your property, that is 30 ft above your rubber plantation, is the railway line. And above that is the thoroughfare, where cars, buses and trucks ply. All under the shade of the solar panels above, with nothing between the panels and the sun. The trees and buildings are all below. Giant pillars on either side of the road support the whole structure.

Daring dream

These two scenarios, a two-tier or a three-tier system combining transport and electricity producing solar panels are what M. A. Chacko and George Jacob dream about.

They dare to dream big, though they are no strapping young men out to make a fortune for themselves. Neither do they think they are in Utopia. But the 75-year-old Chacko and 72-year-old George Jacob have the credentials to dream this big.

Chacko is a retired chief engineer who was in the Kerala PWD and did pioneering work in the roads sector, and George, a chemical engineer who was the General Manager of Kochi Refineries and CEO of Cochin Refinery-Balmer Lawrie Ltd. He was also one of the 400-odd experts (as adviser) involved in the start-up work of the Reliance Jamnagar Petroleum Refinery. more

Can Kerala do what an island off New Zealand is doing!

Just Sunlight and coconut oil for all its electricity!!

 Officials on the tiny South Pacific islands of Tokelau are planning to power their territory entirely by sustainable means, with sunlight and coconut oil -- two things the island has plenty of -- by this time next year.Nowadays, the three islands that make up Tokelau, a territory of New Zealand, run mostly on fossils fuels which it needs to import from the mainland. But, according to the atolls' chief administrator Foua Toloa, by this time next year the islands will be completely self-sustaining using renewable energy, 93 percent of which will be produced through solar installations. The rest, says Toloa, will come from coconut oil.



Tokelau, a Pacific micro-state with only 1,500 people and three cars, today challenged world leaders at the UN climate talks in Durban to follow its lead and switch entirely to renewable energy.

The pinprick of low-lying land halfway between new Zealand and Hawaii, is two days' boat ride – and no aeroplane – from anywhere. But, cyclones permitting, next September it will switch off its old diesel generators and be powered by a $7.5m solar PV system designed to provide 90% of its energy. The rest will come from home-made coconut oil.

"If all goes to plan, the three islands of Tokelau will formally lead the world in percentage reduction in the use of fossil fuels, will be number one leader in carbon emissions savings per person, and number one renewable energy country," said Foua Toloa, the ulu, or head, of the New Zealand protectorate.


 Foua Toloa, Tokelau's leader, announced this week that by the middle of next year solar energy will supply 93 per cent of Tokelau's electricity – the rest will come from coconut oil. Motor vehicles and some cooking devices will still use fossil fuels, but renewables will power most of the nation's technology.

Tokelau, which consists of three small Pacific atolls administered by New Zealand, is home to around 1500 people. Its highest point is 5 metres above sea level, making the territory vulnerable to rising waters caused, ultimately, by fossil fuel burning.

Apart from solar energy supplying a few houses and buildings, Tokelau relies on fossil fuels for its power. Each atoll uses around 200 litres of fuel per day, including kerosene, gasoline and natural gas, which must be transported from New Zealand.

By mid-2012, each island's electricity grid will be powered by solar photovoltaic cells, with batteries to store excess electricity for the night. During periods of thick cloud cover or when electricity demand exceeds solar supply, a purpose-built generator that runs on coconut oil will supply power and simultaneously recharge the battery bank.



Solar business opportunity in Kerala



Solar business opportunity In Buildings Rooftop solar power plants, Solar Water Heaters,

Energy Efficient Lights, Energy efficient designs, GRIHA Ratings. Solar air conditioning etc.


Solar business opportunity In Shopping Malls Rooftop Solar Power Plants, Solar Garden lights, Solar Road Studs, Solar Water Heater for Canteens, kitchen waste plants etc.


Solar business opportunity In University/Colleges Rooftop Solar Power Plants, Solar Garden lights, Solar Road Studs, Solar Water Heater for Canteens and Hostels, Solar Cooking, Solar Lightings, solar street lightings, Kitchen waste plants etc.


Solar business opportunity in Hostels Solar Water Heaters, Biomass gasifier based cooking,

Solar Cooking, Kitchen Waste based plants, Solar Lightings,


Solar business opportunity in Vegetable Markets Solar Lanterns for Road Shops, Market Waste based Plants, Solar lightings, Solar cold storages etc.


Solar business opportunity in Sewage Treatment Plants Biogas Generation Plants, Power Generation from Biogas, Biogas Cooking, Solar lightings etc.


Solar business opportunity in Roads Solar Street Lighting Systems, Road Studs, Solar

Traffic Signals, Solar Street Light Controls etc.


Solar business opportunity in Transportation  Battery Operated Vehicles, Biodiesel based Buses/ Vehicles etc.


Solar energy  opportunity in Residential Houses Solar Water Heaters, Solar Power Generators, Solar Inverters, Solar Home Lighting System etc.



Solar business opportunity In Advt. Hoardings Solar Hoardings, CFL/LED replacement in hoardings


Solar business opportunity in Markets Solar Generators, Solar Water Heaters, Solar Power

Plants, Solar Lighting Systems, Solar Lantern etc.



Solar business opportunity in Hotels

 Solar Water Heaters for water preheating ( airconditioning plant, laundry , kitchen, swimming

pool), Waste based Plants, Solar Garden Lights, Solar Road Studs, solar streetlights with automatic control,


Solar business opportunity in Hospitals Solar Water Heaters ( air-conditioning plant, laundry

, kitchen, incinerators/autoclaves), Solar Roof Top Power Plants, Solar Lightings, Solar Street Lights, Road Studs


Solar business opportunity In Restaurants Solar Water Heaters, Solar Lightings, Solar Cooking, Gasifier Based Cooking


Solar business opportunity In Schools Solar Cooking for Midday Meals, Solar Lightings,


Solar business opportunity In Data Center Solar lighting , solar air conditioning



Solar and other business opportunity 

In MSW Sites Suitable Technology for MSW Treatment i.e., Inciration, Landfill, Biomethanation, Palletization


Solar and other business opportunities 


In Industry Waste heat recovery, process heat recovery, biogas

production for thermal and captive  power plant

,biomass gasification, cogeneration , biomass based

power plants, SPV power plants inplaceof

conventional diesel generation, Solar Water Heaters,

solar street lights for industry campus with automatic

control, solar drying, Solar air conditioning etc.



More opportunities of solar power business in Kerala is discussed in the later part of the blog. You will

get lots of latest news first.

Interested in setting up a solar power plant !              

 Email:  Manohar < > call Manohar 90435 39679


Solar irradiation in Kerala:










































































Solar irradiation measured in kwh/m2/day onto a horizontal surface


Sun path chart program

This program creates sun path charts in Cartesian coordinates for: (1) "typical" dates of each month (i.e.; days receiving about the mean amount of solar radiation for a day in the given month); (2) dates spaced about 30 days apart, from one solstice to the next; or (3) a single date you specify. You can select whether hours are plotted using local standard time or solar time. In addition, there are a number of options available to allow you to alter the chart's appearance.




Solar radiation and solar geometry data from derived from satellite observations.  Provides data for anywhere in the world. 

Provides solar parameters for solar thermal, PV, solar cooking, etc. based on 10 year history for your exact location. s01#s01



Here is a very new source of solar radiation data for India.


This source of solar radiation data for India is from new solar radiation database � SolarGIS.
I would like to inform that this company will change this situation in India, thanks to this new solar radiation database ( which is available already now) acknowledged by International Energy Agency.

Equally thanks to new online tools for the best site prospecting


&planning of photovoltaic projects

& Bankable reports for solar energy projects


Interested in setting up a solar power plant !              

 Email:  Manohar < > Call Manohar 90435 39679


All about solar irradiation and ways to measure solar irradiation in any part of Kerala , visit



Kerala is located in the southern tip of India with area of 38,863 km2 (15,005.1 sq mi) which is 12th populas state.

Kerala is wedged between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. Geographically, Kerala roughly divides into three climatically distinct regions. These include the eastern highlands (rugged and cool mountainous terrain), the central midlands (rolling hills), and the western lowlands (coastal plains).

Kerala lies in the tropics, is mostly subject to the type of humid tropical wet climate experienced by most of Earth's rainforests. Meanwhile, its extreme eastern fringes experience a drier tropical wet and dry climate.

Kerala's rains are mostly the result of seasonal monsoons. As a result, Kerala averages some 120–140 rainy days per year. In summer, most of Kerala is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, and torrential downpours accompanying dangerous cyclones coming in off the Indian Ocean. Kerala’s average maximum daily temperature is around 36.7 °C; the minimum is 19.8 °C.


Kerala Renewable Energy Policy:

The objective of Kerala renewable energy policy is the development, propagation and promotion of renewable energy sources and provision of single window services for project clearance etc.

As per the mandate given by the MNES, ANERT shall be the state nodal agency for coordinating all activities relating to renewable energy department. kerala RE.pdf


Solar Projects in Kerala:

KSERC published the Kerala State Electricity Regulatory Commission (power procurement from solar plants by distribution licenses) Regulations, 2008, providing terms and conditions and procedure for determination of tariff of solar PV power plants. The levelised tariff including incentive receivable at 12% discount rate was Rs.15. 18/unit. The commission has published draft notification on the tariff applicable to solar PV power projects including rooftop and other small projects and solar thermal projects on 8-7-2010 in response to the notification comments from

1)      Kerala State Electricity Board

2)      Malankara Plantations Limited, Kottayam

3)      Binani Zinc Limited, Binanipuram


The tariff determined by the commission shall be applicable to the following solar projects in Kerala:

1)  Solar PV power plants (above 3MW) for which purchase agreements are signed by 31-3-2011 and projects are commissioned by 31-3-2012.

2)  Solar thermal plants for which power purchase agreements are signed by 31-3-2011 and projects commissioned by 31-3-2013.

3)    Roof top and other small solar power plants of capacity from 1MW upto 3MW connected to the distribution network for which power purchase agreements are signed by 31-3-2011 and projects are commissioned by 31-3-2012.

Kerala has been taking up several projects to promote green energy through ANERT and Energy Management Centre.

The proposal for setting up solar power projects in Kerala by the Agency for Non-conventional Energy and Rural Technology (Anert) under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), has received tremendous response from various quarters. Under the scheme, 25 MW of photoactive power projects of 100 KW to 2 MW have to be produced from Kerala.

Solar water heating systems are made mandatory in all hotels and lodges having 10 or more rooms and in hospitals with 20 beds or more.

To enhance the income of poor women, to promote a renewable energy source and to produce quality value-added food products, AIWC developed a project titled “income generation for poor women through solar dryers in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil nadu and Delhi”.


Renewable Energy Centre Mithradham:

Renewable Energy Centre Mithradham is a pilot NGO initiative to promote renewable energy. Mithradham has demonstrated an electric supply network which could be easily copied for rural electrification for Indian villages. By adopting the model each hut of the village could be an energy producer feeding the village network. The multifunctional energy roof for rural electrification is also used for training and awareness programmes conducted in Mithradham.


Kerala Renewable Energy Entrepreneurs & Promoters Association:

 The aim of Kerala Renewable Energy Entrepreneurs & Promoters Association is to make the state of Kerala a model for other states in the use of renewable energy. The formation of institutions engaged in research, education, training, production, sales and servicing in renewable energy sector is the first of its kind in India.


Part III

Solar Business Opportunities in Kerala:

The Solar business opportunities mentioned below are not specific to Kerala. They are industry specific opportunities. 




Interesting opportunity area for large companies. Very soon India will need utility scale solar energy plants with molten salt so that they can provide electricity 24 hours. As per the Renewables Purchase Obligation, RPO, all utilities are expected to buy 0.25 % every year and that is a considerable amount for each state.  

This is the only solar technology that allows for storage naturally. Since the solar radiation is indirectly converted to electricity, there is an opportunity to store the collected heat in molten salts, before converting the heat to electricity.

 The cost of setting up the molten salt system is exorbitant.

The common understanding is CSP is cheaper than PV due to the use of off-the-shelf, commodity components like mirrors, turbine, etc. It also was known to have higher efficiencies in solar to electricity conversion (~15%).

Due to the global oversupply in PV panels and reduced demand due to the financial crisis, the prices of the panels have drastically reduced. On the efficiency front, the PV at 15-20% efficiency is typical now, further adding the cost parity. The result is that PV is now at parity or close to parity with CSP. One western region utility claimed that they pay 0.16 c/Kwh for CSP and 0.14 c/Kwh for PV. This difference was attributed to the timing of the PPAs; generally the difference is not significant anymore.

A CSP project in USA has shifted to PV. Actually it is world's largest project that has shifted from CSP to PV

BHEL has tied up with a CSP major. 

The ability to provide “firm power” is a clear advantage of CSP at this time. Due to the output being provided by a steam turbine (and not directly from the field) and a ~2 hour built-in buffer in the trough technology, small variations in the in insolation do not affect the turbine output – like a passing cloud.

CSP will also be needed for many townships, industrial estates etc 

Large companies which want to take less risk and are happy with predictable rewards can go for this. 

Here are a list of CSP companies with a note for each of them. You may want to work with one of the best, than go it alone.

Abengoa SAAcciona EnergiaAcquasolAmonixAora, Archimede Solar EnergyArxiel VenturesAusra Inc.Bright Source EnergyCapital Sun GroupCircadian SolarConcentrix SolarCool Earth SolarEnelEnter-t GlobalEPURONeSolar, Fichtner Solar GmbHFlabeg, FlagsolFPL EnergyGiuseppe FarinaGlobal Warming Solutions,Green & Gold EnergyGreenVoltsHelioDynamicsHelioFocus, Hiro Energy Tech LimitedHuiYin-GroupIndustrial Solar Technology Corp.Infinia CorporationInternational Automated SystemsISFOCIsofotonKraftenlagen MunchenKernenergienLauren Engineers & ConstructorsMAN FerrostaalMENA CleantechMenova Energy Inc.Microsharp Corporation LimitedMubadala Development CompanyM W Zander GmbHNaanovo EnergyNew power IndiaNokraschy EngineeringNOVATEC BioSol AG,  Nur EnergieOpen Energy CorporationPSE AGPyron Solar Inc.Renovalia EnergySchlaich Bergermann und PartnerSchott Solar Thermal / Schott UKSenior BerghöferSolar XXISkyFuel Inc,  Silicon CPVSolar EuromedSolar & Environmental Technologies CorporationSolarReserveSolFocus,Soliant EnergySolar Heat and Power IncSolargenix EnergySolar Millennium AGSolar Power Group , SolarsphereSolar SystemsSolar Trust of America LLCSolel Solar SystemsSolFocusSolucarSopogy,SunBorne EnergySunpower,  Sunstroom Energy LtdSustainable Resources Inc.Stirling Energy SystemsTorresol EnergyTsugino Co.Whitfield SolarWizard Power Pty LtdWorley Parsons 

In my ranking, following are the companies to look upto Bright source Energy , Solar Millennium , Abengoa , Areva , Siemens, Acciona, SolarReserve, eSolar, Schott, etc., 

But then there is no clear basis for my selection. 

Viability / grid parity is a question as far as CSP is concerned. It will take a little longer than PV.

 Spain’s track record sends an encouraging message to newer entrants in the CSP market from India to South Africa and beyond. When Spain started building plants in 2007, the first plants such as PS10 and Andasol 1 were highly dependent on imports of foreign supplies, requiring at least 50% of the requisite parts to be sourced from abroad. The plants that went online in 2010 were built with around 80% of components from Spanish companies. 

 If in doubt, read more

When the Government starts implementing RPO, Renewable Energy Purchase Obligation, CSP will be required for utility scale power production . 

Opportunity can come about any time.


Solar Module Production - Solar PV module manufacturing involves assembling the cells into a module to form an electric circuit. This is the last manufacturing step before it is distributed to wholesalers.

Indian scenario - There are about 35 companies in India that produce crystalline solar modules.

Avoidable. Dont enter now.

The market is crowded. 

China is doing predatory pricing. It will swallow even local manufacturers, if they are not quick. 

You may want to talk to some of the present module manufacturers in India:

Access Solar Ltd.

Ajit Solar Pvt Ltd. 

Alpex Solar

Ammini Group

Amro Technology Pvt Ltd.

Andromeda Energy Technologies Ltd.

Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL)

Central Electronics Limited (CEL)

Chemtrols Solar Pvt. Ltd.

Ecosol Power Pvt. Ltd


Emmvee Photovoltaic

Empire Photovoltaic Systems PVT Ltd

GreenBrilliance Energy Pvt. Ltd.

HHV Solar Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

ICOMM Tele Limited

India Solar Solutions

KCP Solar Industry

Kotak Urja Pvt. Ltd.


Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt. Ltd.


Modern Solar

Moser Baer Photo Voltaic Limited

Neety Euro-Asia Solar Energy

Novergy Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

Photon Energy System Ltd.

PHOTONIX Solar Private Limited

PLG Power Limited

Premier Solar Systems Pvt Ltd

PV Power Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Ltd. (REIL)

Rashmi Industries

Reliance Solar Group

Sahaj Solar Power Pvt Ltd.

 Shreyansh Electronics

 Solar Semiconductor Pvt. Ltd.

 Solkar Solar Industry Limited

 Sunrise Technology

 Sova Power

 Sun Energy Systems

 Sun Solar Techno Limited

 Sungrace Energy Solutions (P) Ltd

 Vk solar

 Surana Ventures Ltd.

Synergy Renewable Energy Pvt. Ltd

Tata BP Solar India Ltd.

Titan Energy Systems Ltd.

Top sun Energy Ltd.

 Udhaya Energy Photovoltaics (P) Ltd. (UPV Solar)

 Udhaya Semiconductors Limited (KL Solar Company Pvt. Ltd)

 Waaree Energies Pvt. Ltd.

 Websol Energy Systems Ltd.

XL Telecom & Energy Ltd

If you are already a module manufacturer, it makes sense for you to enter power generation. 

And to enter Rooftop solar. 


Other Opportunities in Solar energy in India and Kerala are

*Ground Zero opportunity 

Roof top solar!

It is a very good opportunity and there are opportunities for very large companies as well as for medium sized companies and individuals to get into business. 

As an individual you can start a business as an Installer. 

You will have a few well trained / skill trained employees working under you. 

At the small, residential scale, there are practically no barriers to entry.  

There is a wealth of training material available, both in person and online which enables even a one-man contractor to become fit enough to install roof top solar. 

At the larger, commercial scale, the main barrier to entry is capital, expertise in management, in sales, etc., 

You will install solar modules in a rooftop as per your Integrator's instructions.

An Installer is someone who is technically minded and can manage a few people or if you can manage many people at a time, then you become an area Installer. 

The installer model is somewhat like a conventional contractor model.  Gross margins are thin, from 15 to 30%. Residential Rooftop systems typically receiving larger margins than commercial. 

Because commercial jobs will be invariably got thru an Integrator or an EPC contractor.

It is an opportunity for domestic module manufacturers to get into.

The opportunity exists for 


Area Installers

District Installers


Area Integrators

District Integrators

Regional companies - covering a few states having similar policies


National companies 

The Installers can choose to work on their own or under the National companies, Regional companies, District integrators, District Installers, etc., 

The market will evolve as fragmented and unstructured to begin with and will get consolidated. 

You can get more information about types of Installers in Rooftop solar business models.

An integrator is someone who deals with the customer, Electricity board, etc

Then there will be a company. Either a national company or a regional company which deals with the Gov, electicity board, corporates etc, 

You can read all about them in Rooftop solar business models

And Rooftop solar technology types

Rooftop solar is a viable alternative and the prices / tariff in each state will soon help bring about grid parity and the sooner you get into it, the sooner you will reap the benefits.

Rooftop solar comes about in many forms. For example a captive power plant may need a rooftop solar solution as a part of it. 

Diesel to Renewables may need rooftop solar solution.


* Business possibilities with MNRE 


System integrator, 

Financial Institution, 

Financial Integrator and 

Program Administrator

Each of the above is an opportunity

Implementation of off-grid solar PV project under JNNSM



1. What is the Procedure to register as Channel Partner?

There are 5 types of channel partners and they can participate in the programme through the following procedure:

A  RESCO is a entity which would install, own & operate RE systems and provide energy services to consumers. These entities may tie up with FIs for accessing the financial support under the scheme. These are in fact the only entities which would approach the MNRE on their own. CRISIL is in the process of putting in place a system of accreditation. From September 2010 these entities could approach either CRISIL, CARE or FITCH to have themselves accredited and if they meet the minimum requirements laid down by MNRE they would be in a position to approach the Project Appraisal Committee (PAC) with their proposal for a in principle approval. 

The PAC would then provide the entity “in principle “approval and allow it to move forward with the implementation. The PAC would also specify that on completing the project, 50% of the funds would be made available automatically and the remaining on completing monitoring. 

As far as the Financial Institutions as channel partner is concerned, a comprehensive re-finance scheme has already been notified by IREDA.  The SPV Division has also floated an EoI, wherein they have received over 80 applications from entities interested in partnering in the bank led scheme.  

The SPV Division would shortlist the manufacturers region-wise or across the country depending on the strength of their existing after-sales network.  The division will also identify various products after verifying how each of the laid down by MNRE, and then along with product is meeting the standards laid  NABARD, design a pre-approved scheme which will allow RRBs to proceed with the lending for the above identified products and empanelled manufacturers.   It is highlighted that the process of empanelling both the manufacturers and products would be an ongoing process in order to make sure that if there are new players who meet the requisite standards can also be appropriately empanelled. This process it is hoped will result in enabling NABARD to announce their pre-approved scheme to all the financial institutions, which have a re-finance agreement with them.  IREDA will, after signing the agreement in Mumbai on 25th August, place token funds with NABARD to initiate the implementation of this scheme.   

System integrators can approach the PAC; with their project in the formats finalise to seek an ‘in principle’ approval.  Since these are entities that would first interact with their market and build a project based on the tentative orders that they have been provided by their clients, the PAC would appraise the project on three basic parameters:-

(i) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. 

(ii) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE.

(iii) O&M Plan.

System integrators would however need to approach bank/banks who would be willing to have a three way tie up with their clients, themselves and the bank.  The bank/banks would also need to have a re-finance agreement in place with IREDA, NHB or NABARD.  Based on the ‘in principle’ approval, the bank would be in a position to provide the lending support to the clients that have been identified by the system integrators.  It is envisaged that both the capital and interest subsidy would flow to the beneficiaries of the scheme only through the banking channel. Requisite arrangements for providing this flow have already been clearly delianated in the re-finance scheme notified by IREDA.

Financial integrators are entities who need to enter into a tri-partite agreement before coming to MNRE. This tripartite agreement has to be between the manufacturers/service providers, financial integrators and any other financial institutions, which is willing to support this kind of a business model.  It is envisaged that the financial integrators would approach the PAC with details of their financial model as well as the product or service that they wish to provide through this financial/business model.  

The PAC would appraise the project on the following parameters: 

(i) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE.

(ii) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. 

(iii) O&M Plan.

(iv) Financial/business models and its viability.

It is expected that the financial integrators would also tie up with a schedule commercial bank in India so that the subsidy both capital and interest can flow through the banking channel and would be covered under the re-finance scheme of IREDA.

In so far as the implementation of the scheme through programme administrators is concerned, there is complete clarity in how to move forward. 

Formats for both SPV and Solar Thermal have also been prepared.


2. How to submit a project proposal?

Formats for submission of proposal are given on the Website of the Ministry. 

Two sets are required to be submitted to PAC.3. How the project will be approved?

Once the proposal of the channel partner is received an in- principle approval from PAC will be given within a maximum of 45 days. In case additional information is required PAC will inform within 30 days. After full information is received proposal will be cleared in two weeks.

4. What is the subsidy disbursal mechanism?

The release of funds for the project shall be back ended as reimbursement on completion and verification thereof. However for progamme administrators, the release of funds could be front ended, with installments of 70% on sanction and 30% on completion. However, this could be extended to other entities on provision of appropriate sureties. In respect of credit linked capital subsidy and interest subsidy the scheme would be implemented through IREDA, which will be  the designated Nodal agency for disbursement of funds.


5. Procedure for accreditation for channel partner/ financial integrator/ systems integrator/RESCO? 

 As above in (1)


6. Can NGOs directly approach MNRE for implementation of projects?

 Only the NGOs who have already been working closely with MNRE can access the scheme directly. Otherwise, the NGOs should collaborate with SNAs. 


7. Whether lighting systems to be provided should be certified by SEC or other test centers?

 Compliance to standards is mandatory. Certificate from test centres will help in this regard and should be provided to ensure complainace.


8. What is the policy on local content of modules, batteries and other balance of systems in off grid programme?

 The scheme requires the project proponents to strictly adhere to the national/international standards specified by the Ministry from time to time.  The Use of imported complete PV systems is not permitted under the scheme. 

 However, use of imported components of a complete PV system is permitted, subject to adequate disclosure and compliance to specified quality norms and standards.

 The minimal technical requirements and Quality Standards in respect of the off-grid SPV power plants/ systems are given in Annexure-3 of the scheme for solar off-grid applications. These will come into effect from 1st September 2010 to allow sufficient time to the SPV industry to gear up for the same.


9. What are financial limits assigned to channel partners?

The financial limits will get decided based on the ability of the channel partner to deliver the implementation of the project within a period of 1 year. But the PAC would not accept any proposal of value less than Rs One crore or 30 kWp. Less than this amount would need to be aggregated at State level.


10. Whether commercial entities can avail accelerated depreciation?

 The commercial entities can claim all the benefits, which are presently available for renewable energy applications, including solar, under the Income tax act and other notifications, subject to fulfillment of the conditions.


11. Whether any channel partner interested only in capital subsidy whom should he approach?

 Only accredited channel partner and Programme administrators can access ‘only capital ‘subsidy. The commercial entities can access either capital subsidy or interest subsidy. They should approach a channel partner to avail subsidy.

12. Whether RESCOs require any permission from Electricity boards to produce power?

 Guidelines under the Electricity Act,2003 and the extant regulations of that particular State will need to be read in conjunction to determine the process for captive power generation.


13. Whether any new technologies invented any where can be introduced in the programme?

 The Ministry could provide up to 100% CFA for undertaking pilot and demonstration projects through manufacturers and other organizations for demonstrating new and innovative applications of solar systems. The maximum CFA that would be permissible under this provision would be up to Rs 1 crore. The PAC would evaluate the proposal based on parameters like – new applications for solar (not merely using solar as a power source), possibility of reduction of cost of BoS or system design improvement, or a new concept etc.


You can get all this from


You can discuss your suggestions/ questions etc in the comments column at the bottom of this blog.


 * Solar powered desalination, plans, projects and opportunities

If you can get potable water at a cost of say 0.5 $ per meter cube, ie say INR 22/ per 1000 litres of water that is ready to drink, ie Rs 0.22 per litre at the coast, wouldn’t you think it a great opportunity to bottle the water and market it.

Yes that is what it costs. 4.2 KWhr / m cube. At Rs 5 per unit of power, it works out to Rs 20 for 1000 litres of good water that is desalinated.

Let’s say 22p per litre!!

Actual cost is even lower!!

The capital cost is pretty high.

Forget that for the time being. We will come to that later.

Kerala has a 590kms long coast line.

The opportunity is to build solar desalination plants. 

The opportunity is to start a large solar desalination plant yourself, if you are a profit making organization.

More about solar desalination 

There are other opportunities too.

Very soon, the coastal belt is going to be economically strong because of availability of good water and additional power.

Making potable water and selling them inland is a business opportunity coming out of solar energy, all along the Kerala coast.

This is a great solar business opportunity.

Get in touch with Salt works technologies. To market their products in India. To set up a solar desalination plant in India. To do joint research in India. To represent them in Asia.

This opportunity pointed out by Nithya is in the intersection of two very high potential areas ie Water and Energy.

 Acquasol's solar desalination project will:

1.  Be the world's largest standalone solar-powered desalination plant
2.  Harvest brine on land, eliminating marine environmental concerns
3.  Deliver greater national water security by increasing water market supply

Their products can be used in inlands too.

Visit Nithyas blog on solar desalination and see my comment for the above business opportunity.

It is a good opportunity because, it covers not just Energy. But also what the next oil is about.


GE is in it full time. Siemens is in water.

So should you be. 

Solar water desalination is meant for big companies. 

Like solar power generation, it is an infrastructure game.  


* Floating solar plants.

There are three companies namely Sunengy in New southwhales, Australia, Solarsis Synergy in France/ and SGPsolar in California, USA.

They have different methods of achieving solar power from floating solar panels, solar plants, etc.

They all use captured water bodies.

India has 30000 sq km of captured water bodies.

If even 1 % of that area is utlised - it will equal 1500 large coal plants.

Tata's have tied up with Sunengy, which has a patented technology called LSA.

With the other two companies, entrepreneurs/ companies from India can seek to have a tie up.

There is a solar business opportunity in terms of research for the research minded.


All about this opportunity


Tatas have already started building a floating solar plant with Sunengy, somewhere near Pune.

There is another company in Punjab doing this.

There is a clear opportunity for big companies to tie up with Solaris Synergy and or SGP solar in California USA.

This is the French company.

I have been recommending these companies for a long time. 




NOW, SGP solar has been ranked as one of  the fastest growing private company in usa. 


Or you can fund research in this area. 

Floating solar plants 


Great opportunity: For large companies, with deep pockets. 


Business Possibilities thru MNRE in Villages 

Manufacture / market solar lanterns, solar home systems, Street lighting system, stand alone power plants, solar pumps. The details of the incentives are given below.

It may make sense for individuals to tie up with large cos that manufacture these. Or better still become an agent for a large company that manufacture these products and market them.


Pattern of Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for SPV Systems:

SPV System

CFA for General Category States

CFA for Special Category States

Administrative Charges

Solar lanterns (10W module, 7W CFL)


Rs. 2,400


Solar Home System – Model 1 (18W module, 1 light)

Rs. 2,500

Rs. 4,500

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 2 (37W module, 2 lights)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 3 (37W module, 1 light, 1 Fan)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 4(74W module, 2lights, 1 Fan)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 5(74W module, 4lights)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Street Lighting Systems – (74W module, 1-2 lamps)

Rs. 9,600

Rs. 17,300


Stand alone power plant of capacity more than 1Kwp

Rs. 1,25,000/KWp

Rs. 2.25,000/KWp

Rs. 10,000

Stand alone power plants of capacity more than 10Kwp with distribution line

Rs. 1,50,000/KW

Rs. 2,70,000/KW

Rs. 10,000

Solar Pumps

Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system

Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system


 For business opportunities about Solar Home lights, Solar Street lights, specifications, visit here

 Good Opportunity. Already players are active. Both manufacturing and trading opportunities exist.


* A low cost solar energy solution for the Indian industries

Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes, SHIP for short,  the Market in India, the Business, the Opportunity, Cost Advantage of Solar Process Heat

The market for industrial heat in boilers is estimated to be 26 billion US dollars per annum in USA alone.

 Solar steam produced is estimated to cost $ 4.60 per MBTU compared to average cost of natural gas powered steam of about $ 6 to $ 10 per MBTU.

This estimate is as per one the companies in Solar Heat for Industrial processes (SHIP).

Indian entrepreneurs should take up such projects that cut down co2 emission and is less expensive.

There are several companies that are into SHIP in USA. One of them claims that their process is CO2 emission free. Obviously because they use solar energy.

The company also claims a reduction in the cost by as much as 50 %.  

That is a lot. Those interested must act fast.

Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes


You can discuss your suggestions, ideas, questions 


* Captive power plants.

Many factories, companies, office complexes, textile factories, cement factories, sugar mills and many other small and medium industries need back up power.

What is being talked about as an opportunity is this back up power. Actually already many companies in India already have captive power generation. But there a lot more number of companies in India which can benefit from this captive power plant from solar energy.

There are some financial benefits and also the benefits of RECs otherwise known as Renewable Energy Certificates which are tradeable. There is good report on this at

Reading up the report will open up the opportunity for the above mentioned factories for their own backup power ie captive power.

Those who are marketing minded and those who are solar energy consultants or renewable energy consultants, this is a very good business opportunity in India.


* Education and training:

MNRE expects that there is going to be a need for 100,000 trained professionals in the next 8 years.

I think that is a gross underestimate.

This opportunity is not just for individuals who want to learn and get jobs. Or learn and start a business or set up a training center as a businessman. OR u can even set up an online course for the whole world. The limitations are your imagination.

I foresee many training centers both for unskilled and for post graduation education courses happening soon. The course contents given in the sample solar education centers, will be Indianised by the shrewed Indian businessmen.

Some of them may go for tie up with universities abroad. For example they may have a tie up with a US university in Pune or a tie up with a European university in Jalgaon.

Good opportunity to get into Solar education, Training.

Opportunity exists as a nationwide company, as a college, as a university, providing Graduations/ Degrees or practical training for the blue collars, providing certificates /diplomas.

When the surge comes there will be a need for trained professionals.

Can be a franchisee also.


* Solar inverters

In a Global Clean Technology Conference on February 23-24 in New York, with more than 100 public and private companies and 700 attendees, including strategic and financial investors, high-level policymakers and industry thought-leaders in attendance the following question was asked as a part of a Survey.



Within solar, which sectors of the supply chain are the most attractive investment themes?

(Please rank with #1 being the strongest):

Inverters 1

Cells/Modules 2

Projects/Installation 3

Polysilicon 4

Manufacturing Equipment 5

Wafers 6

The result of the survey is given in green color.


That is why I am calling it a great solar business opportunity in the Indian market too.

700/800 of the world’s leading practioners have identified Inverters as the most attractive investment theme.

Solar inverters in India, manufacturers, cost and business opportunities  - You can get to know the business opportunities here.

You may want to look at and

Manufacturing opportunity is meant for large cos.

What is the capital subsidy, interest on loan, rebates if any etc can be got from here

Especially for inverters in Residential rooftops, area wise distribution is an opportunity for the sales minded.


* Micro grid:  

The electrical needs of rural households are relatively small (0.5-2.5 kWhr per day) and a micro-grid system of 20-35 kW would suffice a small village. This may not be a 100 % solar solution. The solution to the villages can be hybrid.

Will research and write more about this opportunity soon.


*. Solar Irrigation Pumps: 

This is a big opportunity area. Already being catered to in many villages.

Coming soon.


*. Solar thermal

India on an average has 300 clear days of sun and the radiation in most parts is 4.5 to 6 kWh/m2/day, which is pretty high.

Solar thermal projects  concentrate sunlight on a fixed point and uses a medium to move the stored heat energy to a place where it can be converted into electricity by superheating water into steam and using the steam to turn a turbine that generates electricity—ultimately the same process that natural gas and coal-fired power plants use to generate electricity.

Solar dryers can be used in agriculture.

At present the waste is just exposed to the sun and dried. Solar water heating. It is being made mandatory in many states to heat water for bathing purposes with solar water heater in all new buildings. Solar thermal can be used for cooking, community cooking in hotels, villages, schools in villages, etc

Several industries that need low to medium heat can use solar thermal technology to reduce air pollution and carbon foot print.

This opportunity is for the technically minded. This opportunity exists for small medium and even big companies.


* Manufacture of Solar Refrigerator, DIY Solar Refrigerator, marketing, Maintenance and Repair of Solar Refrigerators

The blog gives as of now basic insight of a Solar Refrigerator.

It also provides information on manufacturers in India and abroad.

There are many villages without electricity and they need refrigeration for the individual households, for preserving the produce of that village. Very soon, we will have information on market potential of solar refrigerators in India's villages, market size of solar refrigerators in other markets. Cost of solar refrigerators and actual cost of refrigeration etc also would be made available soon.

 For now u can visit  (You can discuss your ideas, doubts, questions, etc in this blog)

Good opportunity

To manufacture. 

To market. 

To maintain.

Even solar coolers are a good opportunity.


* Opportunities in Solar cities:

There are going to be about 60 solar cities coming up across India.

What business opportunity exists in this solar city concept of mnre is a question in the young minds of Indians. Will try and answer them in the coming weeks. Stay tuned.

Besides suggesting business opportunities in solar energy in India for large and medium companies, I thought it will be useful for small and individual players, if I can explain as to how they can get into solar business in India, it will be useful.

There are bound to be opportunities for individuals, SMEs to take advantage of Solar City concepts. Let them start coming up and we will identify ' solar city' opportunities there.

This opportunity has not been updated, because, there are no proper guidelines from the respective State Governments. Once the policies come out, opportunities will be identified and posted here.


*Solar Air Heaters 

With global warming, there is global cooling also that happens.

During winter, the North of India becomes too chill to manage.

Every urban household would do with an Air Heater, a solar air heater. Even the rural households and the households in the unelectrified villages will need an air Heater. The old and the young suffer in cold and air Heater is not a luxury any more.

It is a good opportunity to manufacture AIR Heaters and market in such cold markets. 

All discussions, questions pertaining to this opportunity to be restricted to this blog.

 more information about solar air heaters given here



Solar PV Power Plants - JNNSM - 2011-12



ANERT is the nodal agency in Kerala for the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) projects of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India.

ANERT had received 32 applications for establishing solar photovoltiac power plants. These applications received from institutions and individuals (for domestic use) have been forwarded to MNRE for approval. Sanction was recevied for 16 projects listed below. Of these, 13 have been commissioned, as indicated below.

Sl. No.

Location of the power plant

Type of beneficiary

Contact details of Beneficiary

Capacity proposed in kWp

Central Financial assistance (Rs.)

Details of Technology Provider

Status of the work


Baklava Pasteries, Thodupuzha


Baklava Pasteries and Sweets, Kanjiramattom Junction, Thodupuzha, Phone- 04862-220661, Mob- 9745874602



Lifeway Solar Devices Pvt. Ltd, Central Arcade, Azad Road, Kaloor, Kochi, Kerala



Mar Athanasious College For Advanced Studies (MACFAST), Thiruvalla


Rev.Fr. Pradeep Vazhathamarayil, Principal, Mar Athanasious College For Advanced Studies, Thiruvalla - 689101 
Phone-0496 3058000, Fax 0469 3058017, mob-09847366228,



Radiant Solar Pvt. Ltd, Plot No. 223, Road No 15, Fab City SEZ, Maheswaram(M), R.R. District, Hyderabad-501510  
Contact Person: Mr. N. Ram  
Mobile: 9447388966



Braille Without Borders, Nemom, Thiruvananthapuram


Braille without Borders, Vivekananda Nagar, Mukaloormoola, Vellayani, Ookode(PO), Nemom, Thiruvananthapuram
Contact no. 0471-2392977, 2391977, 2396677



Megabyte Technologies, Thiruvananthapuram 
Contact: Anson G., 
Tel.: 09387813000



Palazhi, Thripunithura,   Ernakulam


Mr. Sreenivasan, Palazhi, Kadanad(po), Udayamperur, Thripunithura,    Ernakulam 
email:, Ph.9447061421



Nature2Nature Ecosystems (P) Ltd., No 273, 15th Cross                                           Giri Nagar, Cochin- 682020                    Phone:-09947074747, 



Handi Manzil, Lakshminada, Kollam


Mr. Nadeem Shereef, Handi Manzil, Lakshminada, Kollam, Kerala 
Contact Phone-095676615526,                            E-mail - 



Nature2Nature Ecosystems (P) Ltd., No 273, 15th Cross                                           Giri Nagar, Cochin- 682020                    Phone:-09947074747, 



Scholar Builders and Designers, Palakkad


Scholar Builders and Designers, No.11, Nandakumar Building, College Road, Palakkad
email:, M: 9349607582



Nature2Nature Ecosystems (P) Ltd., No 273, 15th Cross                                           Giri Nagar, Cochin- 682020                    Phone:-09947074747, Email



Malankara Plantations Headquarters Building, Kodimatha, Kottayam


Mr. J.K. Thomas, MD, Malankara Plantations Ltd., Kottayam, 
Phone: 9447155433, 



Team Sustain, Team House, Plot No. 71, MRA, Kakkanad, Cochin-682030, Kerala 
Phone 0484 3298806,                           Fax 0484-2422176, 



Cochin Refinery, Ernakulam


Sri. Mathukutty Cyriac, Bharath Petroleum Corporation Limited, Kochi Refinery, Ambalamugal, Ernakulam-682302 
Phone: 0484-2821304, 
Fax: 0484-2720855,



Team Sustain, Team House, Plot No. 71, MRA, Kakkanad, Cochin-682030, Kerala 
Phone 0484 3298806,                           Fax 0484-2422176, 



Kaniyankunnu, Aluva


Mr. Vijayakrishnanan N., Kaniyankunnu, UC College (PO), Aluva, Ernakulam



Team Sustain, Team House, Plot No. 71, MRA, Kakkanad, Cochin-682030, Kerala 
Phone 0484 3298806,                           Fax 0484-2422176, 



Vedasudha Ayuurvedic Hospital, Kottayam


Mr. Shero Sasidharan, Vedasudha Ayuurvedic Hospital, Kurarvilangad, Vayala, Kottayam, Kerala 
Phone 0484-2229407



Team Sustain, Team House, Plot No. 71, MRA, Kakkanad, Cochin-682030, Kerala 
Phone 0484 3298806,                           Fax 0484-2422176, Email:



HLL Life Care Ltd, Thiruvananthapuram


Mr. CR Mohanan, DGM(ENGG), HLL Life Care Ltd, Aakkulam, Sreekaryam, Thiruvananthapuram 
Phone: 0471-2442641



MOSER BAER Solar Ltd., 66-Udyog Vihar, Greater Noida, Gautam Budh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh



Cochin Special Ecnomic Zone, Kochi


Mr. C.J Mathew, Cochin Special Economic Zone- (Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Govt.of India), Kochi 
Fax 0484-2413074, 



HBL Power Systems, Hyderabad

Work Not Completed


Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd, Trivandrum


Mr. M.Sudheendran, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd, Admin. Bldg, Manacaud Tel Exch Compound, Manacaud, Trivandrum-695009 



ICOMM TELE LIMITED, TRENDSET Towers, Road No-2, Banjara Hills, Hyderbad-500034, 
Phone: 040- 23552222, 
Fax 040-23552266



College of Architecture Trivandrum, Thinavila, Mulayara (PO), Trivandrum - 695543 


Narayanan Vaidyanathan Charitable and Educational Trust  NARAYANAN Towers, Vazhuthacaud, Thiruvananthapuram-695014 



Nature2Nature Ecosystems (P) Ltd., No 273, 15th Cross                                           Giri Nagar, Cochin- 682020                    Phone:-09947074747, 

Work Not Completed


Spice Village Resort, Thekkady


Mr. Michael Dominic, C/O CGH Earth, Casino Building, Willington Island, Kochi, Kerala 
email :



Team Sustain, Team House, Plot No. 71, MRA, Kakkanad, Cochin-682030, Kerala, India, Phone 0484 3298806,                           Fax 0484-2422176, 

Work Not Completed


Sanathan Infrastructure and Developers Pvt. Ltd., Ernakulam


Mr. Viswanathan Arangath, Sanathan Infrastructure and Developers Pvt. Ltd., Ernakulam 
Phone .9497528154, 



Team Sustain, Team House, Plot No. 71, MRA, Kakkanad, Cochin-682030, Kerala 
Phone 0484 3298806,                           Fax 0484-2422176, 










Being updated... Please visit again later for more details on the power plants...


Kerala Solar energy policy, Projects and Solar business opportunities in Kerala, solar business kerala, solar energy kerala, cost of 1 mw solar plant in kerala, land required for 1 mw solar plant, profitability of 1 mw solar plant, acres of land for solar plant kerala, carbon credit for solar plant, solar irradiation kerala, Steps Involved in Roof-top Solar PV System Designing with Battery Backup

Read more news items on: Solar Energy

Add to My Greenfolio

Like Leave a comment (10)

1 Member(s) Added this Post to GreenFolio

See full profile


  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Marketing opportunity !
    You can market Silicon ink from Innovalight to solar cell manufactures in India.
    Contact Like

  • Nithya
    Nithya -

    Use of solar energy is expected to rise in the State with the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission bringing back the capital subsidy for domestic solar-power equipment and more and more players entering the field of manufacturing such equipment. People have realised the importance of renewable energy, Dharesan Unnithan, Director of the Kerala Energy Management Centre, says. More of them are now trying to switch over to solar energy for some of their most essential requirements.

    The capital subsidy will help in a big way to tap renewable energy, K.N. Iyer of the Thripunithura-based Kraft Work Solar Private Ltd., a veteran in the field, says.

    The government had stopped providing the direct subsidy for some time, but has reintroduced it to make more people switch over to solar energy. The Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is providing the 30 per cent subsidy. The programme had come into being in October last year. This is one of the major programmes expected to boost the use of solar energy in the State. The Ministry has roped in agencies such as the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, the Small Industries Development Bank of India and the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency to implement the subsidy programme. Mr. Iyer says the government is also in the process of selecting channel partners from established private players in the field for the implementation of the subsidy programme. This is a move that will prompt private home owners to go into meeting a part of their needs using solar energy, says Georgekutty Kariyanappilly of Lifeway Solar.


  • hertzsolar
    hertzsolar -

    Any One interested in Solar Rooftop or power plant installation at Kerala, Contact at or

    Link : Like

  • hertzsolar
    hertzsolar -

    Any One interested in Solar Rooftop or power plant installation at Kerala, Contact at or

    Link : Like

  • hertzsolar
    hertzsolar -

    Any One interested in Solar Rooftop or power plant installation at Kerala, Contact at or

    Link : Like

  • hertzsolar
    hertzsolar -

    Any One interested in Solar Rooftop or power plant installation at Kerala, Contact at or

    Link : Like

  • hertzsolar
    hertzsolar -

    Any One interested in Solar Rooftop or power plant installation at Kerala, Contact at or

    Link : Like

  • hertzsolar
    hertzsolar -

    Any One interested in Solar Rooftop or power plant installation at
    Kerala, Contact at or or log on to Like

  • gvijai
    gvijai -

    you need System Integrator to install Solar Rooftop ?

    Please mail Like

  • Neetal
    Neetal -

    We are the supplier of solar connectors (MC4), Junction Boxes, Cables & other solar equipments. We are based in Pune – Maharashtra & we can support all over India. Our connectors are having all the necessary approvals line TUV, UL, IEC etc.

    Our key strengths are:

    1) Low Prices with good quality
    2) Low Lead Time
    3) Can Support for smaller quantity also
    4) Qualified product

    In case of any requirement please contact Like

Leave a Comment

Solar FAQs
How to Choose the Best Solar Panel?
What are the Financing Options Available for MW Solar Plants in India?
Top 5 States for Solar Energy Investments in India
IKeen on Solar Business? Make Sure You Read This
I Wish to Do Business in the Solar Energy Sector. Which is the Best Biz Opportunity?
Costs for Small MW-Scale Grid Connected Power Plants in India ?
Indian Banks and their Lending for the Solar Sector>
Click Here to View the Complete List of Questions Answered