India Solar, Wind, Biomass, Biofuels – EAI

Aathmika's Blog

Expand your network

Be part of the most happening Indian renewable energy community Join EAI Club - It's FREE

Bihar Solar Energy Policy, Solar Business Opportunities in Bihar, solar project financing in bihar, Steps Involved in Roof-top Solar PV System Designing with Battery Backup

 

                                                                                       TABLE OF CONTENTS 

1.LATEST SOLAR NEWS AND VIEWS IN BIHAR  


 

2.CAPITAL COST OF SOLAR  PV  MW SCALE POWER PLANTS  

   CAPITAL COST AS PER CERC ,   CAPITAL COST OF TIER 1/ TIER 2  ,   BEST PRACTICES AND WORST PRACTICES ,   CAPITAL COST OF SOLAR THERMAL CPV/CSP /MICRO CSP 


 

3.TWO ROUTES TO SOLAR POWER GENERATION :    PPA / REC  ,   PPA AND 3RD PARTY PPA  ,   APPC PLUS REC ,   AMENDMENTS TO REC ,   THIRD PARTY PPA PLUS REC ,   CAPTIVE POWER PLANT PLUS REC  


 

4.IDEAL LAND FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS  ,   SOIL TESTING  ,   CAPITAL GAINS TAX  ,   MODES OF ACQUIRING LAND FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS ,    LAND ISSUES ,    LAND CONVERSION PROCEDURE  AND FORM  


 

 5.SOLAR POWER GENERATION PROJECT FINANCING ,    LINKS TO BANKS THAT LEND LOAN FOR SOLAR ,   PRE FINANCING BY EPC COMPANIES  ,    SUPLIERS CREDIT ,    EXIM FINANCING-LOW COST INTERNATIONAL FUNDING - PRACTICAL !?    LIBOR ,    NON-RECOURSE PROJECT FINANCING    COMMISSION FOR GETTING BANK LOANS      LINKS TO BANKS THAT LEND IN BIHAR


 

 6.REC     REC ACCREDITATION     REC REGISTERATION     REC TRADING     REC - OBLIGATED ENTITIES     REC NEWS.


 

 7.APPC COST PER UNIT STATE WISE


 

  8.ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION   WHAT IS AD ? STIPULATION OF 31st March and 1st Sept SUDDEN CHANGE OF DEPRECIATION POLICY ! ? HOW TO BENEFIT FROM AD ?


 

 9.SUBSTATION LOCATIONS AND POWER GENERATION POTENTIAL


 

 11.GRID CONNECTIVITY AND  EVACUATION PROCEDURE


 

 12.SOLAR PARK : AVAILABILITY IN BIHAR       ADVANTAGES        DISADVANTAGES 


 13.STEPS FOR SOLAR CAPTIVE FOR FACTORY


 14.SOLAR NEWS


 15.BIHAR SOLAR POLICY

    RFP FOR SETTING UP 150MW GRID CONNECTED SOLAR PV PROJECTS COUPLED WITH PISCI-CULTURE IN BIHAR

 


 

16.DESIGN OF ROOF TOP


 

17.OTHER SOLAR BUSINESS OPURTUNITIES


 

18.REGISTERED  SPV SUPPLIERS


 

19.DNI DETAILS SOLAR NEWS AND GENERATION POTENTIAL IN DISTRICTS IN ORISSA


 

20.GROUND ZERO AND ENTIRE BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES


 

21.FAQ'S 


 

22. ALL  RELATED  LINKS


 

 

 LATEST NEWS AND VIEWS 

 BIHAR TENDER NOTICE :25 Nos. SPV Power Project (500 Wp Rooftop SPV & 4 Nos. 9 Watt W-LED Stand alone Solar Street Light) at 

Different Police Stations in District Gaya  Official Document

Bihar Tender Notice :

300 Wp Centralized Solar Charging Stations in
Various Districts of Bihar. Official document

 

Want to invest in a solar power plant /tender

email : mano@eai.in  or

Call 9043539679

 

 

 

BIHAR TENDER NOTICE: 100 Kwp Roof Top Solar PV Buxar Open Jail 

Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency, a Government Agency under Energy
Department of Bihar Government (hereinafter called “BREDA” or “OWNER”) invites Bids
through National Competitive Bidding (NCB) from the Bidders fulfilling the Eligibility
Criteria specified hereunder for design, manufacture, supply, erection, testing,
commissioning and warranty with comprehensive maintenance contract (including regular
operation and maintenance) for a period of five (5) years of 100 Kwp Roof Top Solar PV
Power Plant (hereinafter called “Plant”} at Buxar Open Jail in Buxar ( hereinafter called
“Site”} on EPC Basis.

2. Solar PV system shall consist of equipment/ components, namely, Solar PV modules
comprising required number of Poly-crystalline PV modules. Power Conditioning Unit with
automatic power sharing with mains to serve the load at the Site, Mounting structures,
Batteries and civil structures, earthing and lightening protections. IR/ UV protected PVC
pipes, cables, junction boxes, other accessories and a separate control room with Smart Mini
Grid and remote controlling & monitoring system, Battery bank for 6 hours backup along
with separate battery room with ventilation. For control room and battery room, the
successful bidder shall suitably develop the present available infrastructure. The Plant shall
be implemented in accordance with the Technical Specifications contained in Part II of the
Bidding Documents.

3. The Bidder should meet the following Eligibility Criteria in order to be eligible for
participating in this IFB:

a) Bidder shall be a Registered Company/ Firm/ Corporation in India in the field of
Solar PV Project Engineering/ Procurement/ Execution/ Construction/ including
related fields in Power Project Execution.
b) Bidder should have minimum three (3) years experience of successful installation of
Roof Top PV projects as on the date for Bid submission.
c) Bidder should have executed at least two such projects of >= 50 kW each, the
average contract value of which should have been not less than INR 1,00,00,000/-.
D:\08\13\Dec\18009 3
d) Details of similar projects executed during last three years as on the date for Bid
submission along with completion certificates from each of the Owners of the
commissioned projects including commissioned date and performance of the plant
shall be submitted.
e) Bidder should have average Annual Turnover of INR 5,00,00,000.00 during the
preceding three completed Financial Years.
f) Bidder should have Net Worth of not less than INR 3,50,00,000.00 at the close of the
preceding Financial Year.
g) Bidder should submit Certificate in original from a Chartered Accountant Firm in
proof of Bidder fulfilling the requirements of the Annual Turnover and the Net Worth
specified above.
h) Bidder shall furnish Annual Report (including Annual Statement of Accounts) for the
preceding three completed Financial Years.
i) Bidder should have valid CST/State VAT/TIN registration certificate and copies of
the same duly attested shall be furnished.
j) Bidder should not have been black listed by any Government Department,
Organization, Agency, Authority or any Public Sector Undertaking owned by the
Government during the last three years as on the date for Bid submission.
k) Joint Ventures shall not be allowed for participation in the tendering process.

4. Notwithstanding anything stated above, Owner reserves the right to assess the
capabilities and capacity of the Bidder to perform the Contract should the circumstances
warrant such assessment in the overall interest of Owner.
5. Bid Information
Sl.
No.
Activity Duration
1. Online Sale/Download date of
Tender documents
From 19.12.2013 (10:00 Hrs.) To 08.01.2014 (18:00
Hrs.) (www.eproc.bihar.gov.in)
2 Cost of Bidding Document INR 21,000.00 to be paid through Demand Draft
(DD) in favour of Bihar Renewable Energy
Development Agency" payable at Patna. (Bank
details: - A/c No. - - 0140104000110457, IDBI
Bank , Patna Main Branch, IFSC CODE: -
IBKL0000140).
3. Pre-bid conference 03.01.2014 at 12.00 Hrs. (Bihar Renewable Energy
Development Agency" , 3rd
Floor, “Sone Bhawan”,
Birchand Patel Marg, Patna – 800001. )
4. Date/Time for submission/
uploading of offer/Bid
09.01.2014 upto 15.00 Hrs.
www.eproc.bihar.gov.in)
5. Submission of Tender fee &
EMD in Hard Copy/Original1
10.01.2014 at 13: 00 Hrs. (Demand Draft (DD) in favour
of Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency" payable
at Patna. (Bank details: - A/c No. - 0140104000110457,
IDBI Bank , Patna Main Branch, IFSC CODE: -
IBKL0000140).
6. Date & time for opening of
Technical Bid
10.01.2014 at 15:30 Hrs.
(www.eproc.bihar.gov.in)
7. Validity of Bid 180 days from the date of opening of Techno- Commercial
Bid.
8. Bid Security (EMD) INR 8,00,000.00 (INR Eight Lakh only) in form of a Bank
guarantee / DD from any Nationalised Bank.
9. Date time and place of opening
of Financial Bid
To be informed later to technically qualified bidder.
(www.eproc.bihar.gov.in) ACCESS DOCUMENT


TENDER NOTICE :50 Kwp Roof Top Solar PV Power Plant 
 at Abhilekh Bhavan (Archive Building) in Patna  on 
EPC Basis. 



Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency, a Government Agency under Energy Department of Bihar
Government (hereinafter called “BREDA” or “OWNER”) invites Bids through National Competitive Bidding
(NCB) from the Bidders fulfilling the Eligibility Criteria specified hereunder for design, manufacture, supply,
erection, testing, commissioning and warranty with comprehensive maintenance contract (including regular
operation and maintenance) for a period of five (5) years of 50 Kwp Roof Top Solar PV Power Plant
(hereinafter called “Plant”} at Abhilekh Bhavan (Archive Building) in Patna ( hereinafter called “Site”} on
EPC Basis.
Sl. No. Activity Duration
1. Online Sale/Download date of
Tender documents
From 19.12.2013 (10:00 Hrs.) To 08.01.2014 (18:00 Hrs.)
(www.eproc.bihar.gov.in)
2 Cost of Bidding Document INR 16,000.00 to be paid through Demand Draft (DD) in favour of Bihar
Renewable Energy Development Agency" payable at Patna. (Bank details:
- A/c No. - 0140104000110457, IDBI Bank , Patna Main Branch,
IFSC CODE: -IBKL0000140).
3. Pre-bid conference 03.01.2014 at 11.00 Hrs. (Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency"
, 3rd
Floor, “Sone Bhawan”, Birchand Patel Marg, Patna – 800001. )
4. Date/Time for submission/
uploading of offer/Bid
09.01.2014 upto 15.00 Hrs. www.eproc.bihar.gov.in)
5. Submission of Tender fee &
EMD in Hard Copy/Original
10.01.2014 at 13: 00 Hrs. (Demand Draft (DD) in favour of Bihar
Renewable Energy Development Agency" payable at Patna. (Bank details:
- A/c No. - 0140104000110457, IDBI Bank , Patna Main Branch,
IFSC CODE: -IBKL0000140).
6. Date & time for opening of
Technical Bid
10.01.2014 at 15:30 Hrs. (www.eproc.bihar.gov.in)
7. Validity of Bid 180 days from the date of opening of Techno- Commercial Bid.
8. Bid Security (EMD) INR 4,00,000.00 (INR Four Lakh only) in form of a Bank guarantee / DD
from any Nationalised Bank.
9. Date time and place of opening
of Financial Bid
To be informed later to technically qualified bidder.
(www.eproc.bihar.gov.in)

The RFP document containing the project profile, invitation for qualification and criteria for evaluation may be
obtained from the website: www.eproc.bihar.gov.in. .

 For support related to e-tendering process, bidders may contact at following address “e- Procurement HELP
DESK, , Contact No: 0612-2523006; 9939035696”. Vendor may visit www.eproc.bihar.gov.in.

 Detailed N.I.T can be seen of website- www.breda.in, www.energy.bih.nic.in or www.eproc.bihar.gov.in.
BREDA will not be responsible, in case of any delay, due to any reason whatsoever, in receipt of Bid
Documents by the Bidders online or offline .
 Corrigendum/ Addendum, if any, will be published on the website itself. ACCESS DOCUMENT

 

 

 

 

 

 

*BIHAR ELECTRICITY TARIFF TO GO UP BY 55%??! 

 

Bihar State Power (Holding) Company Limited (BSPHCL) has proposed to increase the electricity tariff by 55% for all categories of consumers in the next financial year. The BSPHCL sent a proposal to Bihar Electricity Regulatory Commission (BERC) on November 15.

As per the provisions in the Act, the BERC will have to finalize the revised tariff rates within 120 days. During this period, BERC will hold a series of meetings with the representatives of Bihar Chamber of Commerce and Industries, Bihar Industries Association, power consumer forums, industrialists and consumers throughout the state. The BERC is likely to announce its new tariff rate by March 15 next year. Last year, BSPHCL had proposed the tariff hike by 58.4% but the BERC had approved only 7% increase.more..

 

 

BIHAR TO INVEST 28000 CRORE ON POWER SECTOR

 government has decided to invest Rs 28,000 crore in the next five years on revamping the  in the state.
Out of this amount, the state government has planned to spend Rs 10,000 crore on replacing its obsolete power infrastructure. more..


 

*GREEN PEACE ANNOUNCES RURAL MICRO GRID

It is intresting know ,how will this perform as the distribution network has failed

PATNA & NEW DELHI, INDIA: Greenpeace announced a one of its kind rural electrification model based on a smart micro grid in Dharnai village in Jehanabad district of Bihar. This ambitious solar powered micro-grid is being installed to showcase that the real solution for rural electrification lies in decentralised renewable energy.source


 

*NOBODY INTRESTED IN BIHAR DISTRIBUTION TENDER!!!???

Is this because the private players have lost faith in bihar electrcity board

here appear to be more stumbling blocks in improving Bihar’s electricity distribution scenario than Chief Minister Nitish Kumar ever imagined.

Beginning 2010, the Kumar government has been trying to appoint a franchise distributor for capital Patna, albeit unsuccessfully. If the indications are right, the latest tender, floated earlier this year to attract major private sector players like CESC, Tata Power, Reliance, Torrent, may reach the same fate, courtesy the revenue aspiration of the government vis-à-vis the realities in Bihar.

 


 

*DEAD PEOPLE STEELING POWER???!!!!!?: BIHAR

 This is just to close the complaint files on stolen power, height of negligence.

Patna: It can happen only in Bihar. Even the dead are said to be stealing electricity and they have been accused of it.During a special drive against power thefts, electricity department officials lodged a police complaint against Singhasan Choudhary and Ram Nagina Singh of Parari village in Rohtas district for stealing electricity last month.A police team that visited the village was stunned when villagers told it that both Choudhary and Singh had died long back.“While inquiring into a power theft case, we found two dead people were made accused in the case,” police official Abhinandan Kumar Singh said.MORE..


 

 

SREI GROUP ANNOUNCED AMALGAMATION OF ITS POWER DISTRIBUTION ARM DPSC WITH POWER CORPORATION 

SREI Group on Monday announced amalgamation of its listed power distribution arm DPSC with group outfit India Power Corporation. The integrated entity will be named as India Power. more..


 

*SPML TIES UP WITH BPDCL FOR DISTRIBUTION !!!:BIHAR

 

SPML Infra Ltd has informed BSE that the Company has signed a Distribution Franchisee Agreement with South Bihar Power Distribution Company Limited for supply and distribution of electricity in Bhagalpur Town and adjoining areas.Source : BSE more..


 

*BIHAR PLANS TO INVEST 28000 CRORES TO REVAMP T&D!!!  

The state government has decided to put big money in expanding its transmission and distribution (T&D) network. State's Energy Department has chalked out a plan to invest Rs 28,000 crore in revamping its T&D network. It has also urged private investors to lap up huge business opportunity in this sector. "We are committed to provide electricity to every village in the state by 2015," said Energy Secretary Sanjeev Poundrik, "for this we are working to revamp our T&D network. Over the next few years, we have planned to invest Rs 28,000 crore under various plan heads on this segment alone. This provides a blooming opportunity for private investors." more..

*PATNA UNIVERSITY IN THE DARK!!!!!: BIHAR5th august 2013

The Patna University (PU) campus is facing dark days again. Power supply to PU'sdifferent constituent units has been disconnected by the Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB) owing to the reported failure of the university to clear huge amount of power dues. more..

*GOVT TO REJIG 6859 CRORE DEBT OF BIHAR AND JHARKAND DISCOMS!!!!

The power ministry will move cabinet committee of economic affairs to seek special permission for restructuring of Rs 6,859 crore debt of distribution utilities of Bihar and Jharkhand that do not qualify for the Centre's rejig scheme launched last year.

Only utilities with separate accounts for electricity generation, transmission, distribution and trading activities as on March 2012 qualified for the financial restructuring package launched by the government last year.more,,

 

*RELIANCE TO INVEST 185 CRORES ON 'IT' IMPLEMENTATION FOR BSEB: BIHAR 5th august    Nitish Kumar's Bihar will engage Anil Ambani's firm to digitise customer service in 71 towns for the notoriously loss-making Bihar State Electricity Board(BSEB). BSEB is embarking upon a Rs 185-crore IT implementation project that will allow the ailing utility to reduce losses, improve billing and plan load distribution for some 12 lakh consumers. Most of these tasks are now carried out manually more..

*BSPHCL LOST 17 CRORE ON FAULTY METERS!!!!!!!!: BIHAR5th  august

The erstwhile Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB), now Bihar State Power (Holding) Company Limited ( BSPHCL), lost Rs 17.40 crore due to its failure to install correct/working meters in the government residential buildings, said CAG report (for the year ending March 31, 2012) tabled in the assembly on Thursday.more..

 

*ESTIMATED 28000 CRORES TO BE SPENT ON BIHAR POWER SECTOR5th august

 

With an estimated Rs 28,000 crore being proposed to be invested in power sector in Bihar, a senior officialtoday urged investors to lap up huge business opportunities in transmission and distribution segments in particular.

"There are booming opportunities in power sector in Bihar especially in transmission and distribution segments with an estimated Rs 28,000 crore likely to be spent over the next few years under various plan heads," the Energy SecretarySandeep Poundrik told reporters here.more..

 

 

*ENVIRONMENT MINISTRY HEADQUARTERS TO BECOME FIRST 'NET ZERO ' CONVENTIONAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BUILDING!!!14 july 2013   

The country's first "net zero" conventional energy consumption multi-storey building - the new headquarters of theenvironment ministry - will be completed in Jor Bagh next month. The building will meet its annual requirement of 14 lakh units of electricity by generating solar power on the site. more..

*JAKSON POWER TIES UP WITH STANDARD CHARTERED BANK SINGAPORE FOR 750CR INVESTSMENT IN SOLAR: INDIA!!11 july 2013

 

Targeting a doubling of revenue to Rs 2,500 crore by March 2016, Jakson Power Solutions plans fresh investments of Rs 750 crore in in providing solar energy solutions across India in the next three to four years.

The company has so far invested Rs 200 crore on its 20 MW solar power plant set up near Jodhpur, Rajasthan, Sameer Gupta, Managing Director,more..

 

 

===================================================================================================

 

  

  2.COST OF A 1 MW SOLAR POWER PLANT :ESTIMATE

 costs for Solar PV projects as recommended by CERC:

COST OF 1MW WITH CNPV/ CSUN 

COST OF A 1MW SOLAR PLANT WITH TIER2 PANELS & PRACTISES

 

  

 

COMPANIES INTERSTED IN SETTING UP A SOLAR POWER PLANT ,

 email  mano@eai.in 

call  MANOHAR   91 90435 39679

 

 

 

MAJOR STEPS TO MW SCALE SOLAR

 

  

Designing and Planning

 

Detailed Project Report, power evacuation planning, 
DPR preparation, Codes & Standards interpretations
Regulatory approvals,

 

Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) facilitation, Technology Tie Ups

 

Banking documentation, Financial closure, Security cover & major clause
Project Structuring & Designing, electrical works, 
Project Management , Project commissioning

 

 Want to set up a solar plant!?

 

call Manohar  90435 39679 or better still email < mano@eai.in >

 

====================================================================================

 

 

3.Two routes in which you can produce solar power PPA &REC:

 PPA Projects

 Through competitive bidding 

Average but fixed returns 
Minimum 5 MW 
Allotment not assured 
No trading 
Fixed tariff 
Limited allotments 

 No Accelerated Depreciation benefit.

Viable only to companies/ countries with lower 

time value for money.

 REC Projects

 Open access

High but variable returns
Any capacity( some states have fixed lower limits ,allotment is assured)
Allotment is assured
Certificates to be traded
Variable tariff
Unlimited allotments due to huge demand

 

STATES LIKE RAJASTHAN , MAHARASHTRA AND MADHYA PRADESH ARE LEADING IN REC MECHANISM

 

REC based Solar PV Accredited Capacity

(23.04.2013)

 

 

Third Party PPA is a power purchase agreement which a developer can use and claim REC. Third party PPA rec is normally got by goverment authorised power trading companies. Companies that set up large solar plants of size 10MW and above, can approach these comapnies to avail the 3rd party PPA for their solar project inbihar.The current third party PPA for solar power doing the rounds in bihar is Rs 4.50 - 5 per unit with 5%  escalation once or twice a year. This  third party PPA is available for 5 and 10 years tenure. Companies that avail 3rd Party PPA  for thier solar project in bihar can also avail REC benefits.

 

List of inter-State trading licensees or power trading trading companies :

These companies are eligible to provide third part PPA  . Third party PPA plus REC route provides probably the best revenue model  among the other sources of revenue in Solar energy power generation.Companies in b ihar desirous of monetizing, having strong balance sheets and are capable of investing in large projects like 15MW and above can reach out to them to get a third party PPA. 

COMPANIES INTRESTED IN SETTING UP A SOLAR POWER PLANT

email mano@eai.inor

call manohar   91 90435 39679

The power trading companies are divided into four categories and the list is  given below.

(15.3.2013 )  

CATEGORY I

Tata Power Trading Company Ltd.  

 Adani Enterprises Ltd.  

PTC India Limited  

Reliance Energy Trading Ltd.  

NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd.  

National Energy Trading and Services Ltd. 

 GMR Energy Limited  

 Karam Chand Thapar & Bros. (Coal Sales) Limited 

JSW Power Trading Company Limited

 Shree Cement Limited   

Global Energy Private Limited

Knowledge Infrastructure SystemsPvt. Ltd.  

GMR  Energy Trading Limited 

SN Power Markets Pvt. Ltd., Noida  

CATEGORY II

RPG Power Trading. Co. Ltd.  

Mittal Processors Private Limited  

MMTC Limited  

CATEGORY III

Patni Projects Pvt. Limited .

Instinct Infra & Power Ltd. 

Essar Electric Power Development Corporation Limited  

DLF Power Limited 

Jindal Steel & Power Limited  

Vandana Global Limited 

Indiabulls Power generation Limited 

Indrajit Power Technology Pvt. Ltd.   

Jain Energy Ltd. 

PCM Power Trading CorporationLtd., Kolkata  

Jay Polychem (India) Limited, New Delhi .

My Home Power Limited,Hyderabad.

Manikaran Power Limited, Kolkata  

BS TransComm Ltd., Hyderabad  

DLF Energy Private Limited,Gurgaon 

Sarda Energy & Minerals Ltd.  ?

CATEGORY IIII

Subhash Kabini Power Corporation Ltd.  

Special Blasts Ltd.  

Maheshwary Ispat Limited  

Suryachakra Power Corporation Ltd.  

Visa Power Limited.

Pune Power Development Private Limited  

 Ispat Energy Limited 

Greenko Energies Private Limited   

 Vandana Vidhyut Limited 

 Adhunik Alloys & Power Ltd.  

Indiabulls Power Trading Limited  

 Ambitious Power Trading Company Limited   

Shyam Indus Power Solutions Pvt. IV  Ltd. 

Abellon Clean Energy Limited, Ahmadabad  

Customized Energy Solution  India Private Limited, Pune  

GEMAC Engineering Services Private Limited, Chennai   

Greta Power Trading Limited .

Green Fields Power Services Private Limited, Visakhapatnam  

HMM INFRA LIMITED, Chandigarh .

 

 

 REC 

RPO BIHAR

State RPO Target for 2011-12 RPO Target For 2012-13 RPO Target For 2013-14
Bihar 0.50% 0.75% 0.50%

 

The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) has  released (apr 2013) a second set of (draft) amendments to their REC guidelines. 

  • REC and Reverse Bidding/Tendering – Projects which have signed a PPA through any state tendering mechanisms (reverse bidding) would be ineligible for procuring RECs. The objective of REC is to fund the gap between APPC and the viability.
  • APPC –  The guidelines now clarify that the PPA would have to be signed at a price equal to the APPC price which was prevelant the previous year.
  • Electricity duty and captive generators -  CERC has now proposed to remove the electricity duty exemption as a disqualification criterion as the quantum of contribution to final tariff is quite miniscule. The other criteria for disqualification such as concessional wheeling/banking would still be in force.

 

  • Time period for availing RECs – current regulations state that there is a three month time window after approval from the SLDC to get the required clearance from the central agency. However since the receipt of information from the SLDC sometimes takes more than three months to reach the central agency, it has been proposed to extend the window to six months. In addition to this, currently the application for receipt of the certificates can be made only on the 1st and 15th of each month. This has been revised to the 10th, 20th and last day of each month.
  • No cap on minimum capacity – previously, it was proposed that RE power plants with a capacity of 250 kW and above would only be eligible for certificates under the REC mechanism (subject to approval by MNRE) even though the CERC guidelines do not dictate a minimum requirement. CERC has clarified that there is no minimum capacity and that ANY RE generator would be eligible to claim REC provided they satisfy the prescribed criteria.
  • Retention of RECs –  CERC has now clarified that all RECs generated through a RE captive power plant can be retained by the developer (to fulfill their obligations) thereby reducing the overheads which is subject to verification by the SNA.
  • Shelf-life of RECs – as reported earlier, RECs would now have a shelf-life of two years as opposed to one year and the regulations would be amended accordingly.
  • Date of issuance – any powerplant setup under the REC mechanism would be eligible for RECs from the date of commercial operation or from the date of registration of such plant by the Central Agency whichever is later.

 

All RE Generators are requested to pay fees & charges related to Registartion/Issuance inclusive of service tax @12.36% with immediate effect:

1. The details of fees and charges of REC payable to Central Agency are as under:

Registration Charges

Sr.No.

Fee and Charges towards Registration

Amount in Ammount in Rs.

Amount including Service @ 12.36% Ammount in Rs.

1.

Application Processing Fees (One Time)

1,000

1,124

2

Registration Charges (One Time)

5,000

5,618

3

Annual Charges

1,000

1,124

4

Revalidation Charge at the end of five (5) years

5,000

5,618

Issuance Charges (Service tax @12.36% will be applicable on total amount)

Sr.No.

Fee and Charges towards Issuance of REC

Amount in Ammount in Rs.

1.

Fees per Certificate

10

All fees and charges shall be payable by way of Electronic Clearing System (ECS) only and Payment shall be made as per the details given below

Sr.No.

Name of the Account Holder

Account No

Account Type

Bank Name

Branch Name and Code

IFSC Code

PAN of POSOCO

1.

NLDC REC FEES & CHARGES

931764650

Current Account

Indian Bank

Mehrauli Institutional Area & 943

IDIB000M089

AAFCP2086B

Companies Intersted in setting up a solar plant call Manohar 90435 39679 or better still email <mano@eai.in>

 

only Maharashtra, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir have set the minimum size as 250kW. All other states do not specify a minimum size for REC projects.


The RECs must be sold within one year from the date of issuance, failing which the RECs will lapse.

===========================================================================================================================

 

 

IDEAL LAND FOR SETTING UP A SOLAR PLANT IN BIHAR

Lands for solar power generation projects in Bihar - ideal lands ?

 

1 mw of solar power plant will need about 5 acres of land

Agriculutural lands are not allowed to put up a solar generation plant

Non agricultural lands, non cultivable lands, barren lands, puramboke lands etc are ok

Rocky lands are not ideal for solar power generation

Many times soil testing of the land is done before deciding the feasibility

Ideally the land has to be very close to a substation. 11 kva, 33 kva, 66 kva, 132 kva, etc

For a 1 mw plant 11 kva is ok.

For each km the substation is away from your land, one has to incur about Rs 10 /12 lakhs for

laying the transmission lines. Better than that is to buy up the land between your land and the

substation.

If there is some land between your land and the substation, there will ROW ie right of way

issues.

Download google earth and note the longitude and latitude of your land.

If you inform the above information a good Consultant will be able to assess the potential

number of units that can be produced per annum

With the above information, it is possible to make the feasibility report for

the state nodal agencies, as well as detailed project report for the banks for solar

power generation business.

 

CAPITAL GAINS TAX

At times some land brokers buy agricultural land and sell and want to sell it of as agricultural land itself to avoid short term capital gains tax. It is adivisable for the potenial developers to buy the converted land by sharing the short term capital gains tax with land broker.

 


 MODES OF ACQUIRING LAND FOR SOLAR POWER GENERATION

 Got Land for Solar power generation !!

Those of you who have large acres of non cultivable lands in bihar State near substations and do not have the resources to develop a solar power plant, can register their lands here for 

a. out right sale, b. lease for 26 years c. partnership with the power plant and d. any other suggestion from the land owner

We need the following information. Wherever u dont know the information, pl write 
'I dont know'

Exact location of the land: Address of land including district and taluk, 

Total area in acres

Boundaries marked in google map or in google earth: Mark your land in 
google map/ google earth and email along with this form.

Right of way. ( ROW)*

Proof  of its ownership. 

Name, address including district and taluk,  mobile no

DNI of the location: If you dont know, send us the longitude and latitude of the lands
( If you dont know, how to get this, say : I dont know)

Type of the land in gov records. 

  • **Agricultural/ non agricultural/ barren/ rocky/industrial/ waste/ dry/ anyother specify
  • KVA rating of substation nearby and distance.
  • Capacity available in the substation
  • List of solar projects in the neighbourhood, if you know.
  • Rate  per acre. ie current market price of land available nearby, adjoining your land
  • Expected sale  price : minimum price expected per acre.
  • Open for partnership:Open for leasing for 26 years ? Yes / No
  • Are there lands available nearby : how many acres: how much do these lands cost

    * ROW - if you have direct access to the substation, it is fine. But if electricity produced has to go thru the neighbouring lands, that means 
    you have a ROW issue.

    ** 
    Agricultural lands are not permitted to set up a solar plant, even if there is  no water and no agriculture has been done for years.

If you are going to convert, your land from agricultural land to any other, say so. 

 

 

LAND CONVERSION APPLICATION FORM

 

COMPANIES INTERSTED IN SETTING UP A SOLAR POWER PLANT ,

 email  mano@eai.in 

call  MANOHAR   91 90435 39679

 

5.Solar Power Project Financing

Various options available for getting funding for your Solar Power projects are,

1) Asset / Collateral  based Funding
2) Balance Sheet based Funding
3) Project   Funding


1) Asset Based Funding: Individuals and Companies
In asset based funding the lender provides loan for  solar power plants based on valuation of the assets that your company has or you  have and that you can offer as collateral security for the loan.

You can even get 100 % funding depending upon the value of the collaterals.

Normally for most projects, the banks may demand 30 % equity and loan can be given for 70%.

Some banks in Hyderabad , demand 35 % equity. But if the value of the collateral is high, it can be as said before, 100 % loan..

Many banks ask for Urban property as collateral. It is not actually necessary. Once the banks get used to the performance of solar power generation plants, they will minimise the need for collaterals.

Already many  banks are accepting less than 70 % of collaterals when the projects are pledged.

2) Balance Sheet Based Funding: Companies only
The profit that your company has made in the last three years. The reserves and surplus it has etc will be taken into account and the bank can then fund.

Companies that can avail Accelerated Depreciation  for solar power generation will find it easier to avail loans and lower rates.

Companies should note that it is not a fixed rate of interest. Good rapport based on good performance in the past can bring the interest percentage down.

3)Project Funding: Companies and Individuals
 The projected cash flow of the project or more specifically the PPA will determine  the  decision to fund.  Payment security is important.
Many of these types of funding can be got from India as well as from abroad.

With hedging the cost of international funds also tend towards 11% . Indian banks are now getting closer to 12.5 % and if the asset / balance sheet / ppa are sound one could look at lower rate of interest.

The project cash flow is much better in companies that can avail accelerated depreciation for solar power generation. 

COMMISSION FOR GETTING BANK LOAN

There are many Chartered Accountants who help individuals form a company and they also act as agents to get bank loans.

Commission for getting bank loan is approximately  1- 2% at present in BIHAR.

These agents normally help put the loan application for solar power generation plant and submit with two to three banks. This helps them get the best interest rate for solar power generation plants in BIHAR.

For companies, this may not be the ideal route, as they themselves will have a finance /accounts department with access to several banks. Whereas for individuals and NRI's, it makes more sense to go thru such chartered accountants who also help get loans, than trying it on their own.

Individuals, can try on their own, if they have 30% or more equity and or good collaterals. They can then go to more than one bank and try to get the best rate of interest.

 

 

 

 CHECK LIST FOR COMPANIES AND INDIVITUALS FOR GETTING BANK LOAN TO SET UP A SOLAR POWER PLANT IN BIHAR

Solar power plant projects for loan proposal are new to BIHAR and particulary to the  bankers.It is difficult for them  to comprehend a business proposition with no raw material and little capital like a solar power generation project.After a few years, once several loan sanctions happen for solar power projects. The process will become mores simple as the bankers will have a better idea.

A. CONSTITUTION:

A solar power generation plant can be started in any one of the following constitutions i.e.

(1) Proprietary Concern,

(2) Partnership Firm,

(3) Private Limited/Limited Companies, 

 

GENERAL REQUIREMENT 

1.  Proprietory Concern

Bio-data of the proprietor by way of copies of PAN Card/ Passport/ Voters identity card/ Bio-data with photo and signature attestation by Gazetted Officer.

 2. Partnership Firms that are applying for a bank loan for a solar power generation plant

a. Copy of Partnership Deed

b. Copy of Firm Registration Certificate

c. Extract of Form-A from Registrar of Firms (for old firms and in case of additional loans) regarding existing partners as on date.

d. Bio-data of partners and  copies of PAN card/passport/voters identity card/bio data with pass port size photograph and signature duly attested

 

3. Private Ltd Companies or Public limited companies applying for a loan for solar power generation plants

 

a. Memorandum & Articles of Association.

b. Bio-data of Promoter Directors affixing colour photo  duly attested /

Copies of PAN Card/Copies of Passport./voters identity card.

c. Resolution of Board of Directors of the company authorising two directors to raise loans from  and sign necessary loan security documents and affix common seal thereof.

d. Copy of certificate of incorporation if it is a Private Limited Co.

e. Copy of Certificate of Incorporation and Commencement of Business in the case of Limited companies.

f. Copy of General Body Resolution u/s.293 (i) (d) of Companies Act in case of Limited Companies, permitting the company to borrow in excess of paid-up capital and free reserves and Resolution u/s.293 (1) (a) of Companies Act for mortgaging the fixed assets of the company in favour of the Corporation.

g. Consent letters from the Directors about furnishing of their personal guarantee with copies of property documents.

h. Search Report from CA/Extract of register of charge from ROC in case of existing companies and companies seeking additional loans.

 

B. PRIMARY SECURITY

 

The primary security can be either leasehold interest or freehold interest . If the solar power plant is going to be started in a leasehold lands, it is called leasehold and if the solar power plant  is going to be started in own lands, it is called freehold.

 

a. Original Regd. title deed in the name of the Proprietor/ Firm / Company along with certified copy having clear approach road.

b. Pattadar Pass Book/title deed issued by MRO/RDO in the name of the proprietor/firm/company/society.

c. Original/Copies of link documents (Vendor’s title deed) pertaining to the property under the scheme along with copies of Pass Book and Title Deed reflecting the sale entry. If pass book and title deeds are not issued, a certificate from MRO to that effect is required.

d. Extracts of revenue records i.e. Khasra Pahani for 1954-55 

 

f. E.C for 13 years (or) from the date of document if title deed is of beyond 13 years to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.

g. ULC permission u/s.26/exemption under ULC Act as the case may be in case the land is within urban agglomeration.

h. Permission from Urban Development Authority/ Building Plans if the site is within the Master Plan of Urban Development Authority.

i. Affidavit by promoters to the effect that there are no court cases pending against the property under the scheme.

 

C. COLLATERAL SECURITY

 

 Generally, Banks insists for Collateral Security and the percentage of Collateral Security is dependent upon the location and the nature of industry and the nature of loan. Also many Banks insists for preferably urban immovable property towards Collateral Security and preferably belonging to the borrowers. The Collateral Security can be either in the form of vacant land, house, apartment, fixed deposits, Bank Guarantee.

 

vacant land:

a. Original Regd. title deed in the name of the surety along with certified copies.

b. Original link documents (Vendor’s title deed). 
c. Extracts of revenue records i.e. Khasra Pahani for the year 1954-55

e. E.C for 13 years from the date of document and in case title deed is beyond 13 years from the date of document to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.

f. ULC permission u/s.26/exemption under ULC Act as the case may be in case the land is within urban agglomeration.

g. Copy of the Approved Layout/Sketch drawn by Mandal Surveyor demarcating the site/plot with Sy.No and boundaries and a land mark for identification.

If it is house:

a. Original Regd.Conveyance Deed along with certified copy.
b. All the relevant Link Documents.
c. EC for 13 years (or) from the date of document in case title deed is beyond 13 years to the date of deposit disclosing all transactions.

d. Tax Demand & Receipt/Ownership Certificate/ Extract of property tax demand register for the last 13 years.

e. Approved building plans from Competent Authority.

If it is an Apartment:

a. Original Registered Sale deed in the name of the surety.

b. Copy of the development agreement and link documents.

c. Copy of the approved building plan.

d. Encumbrance Certificate for the last 13 years.

e. It shall be established that the original title deeds of the project are not mortgaged to bank or any financial institution availing project finance, by way of declaration from Builder/Landlord.

f. Mutation in favour of the surety.

g. Tax Demand and Receipt / Ownership certificate/ EPPDR.

 

 

Fixed Deposits as collateral for loan for a solar power plant

 

a. The beneficiary/payee of fixed deposit should give a consent letter for pledging the fixed deposit with the Bank as Collateral Security in consideration of sanction of loan to the unit to which the security is being offered.

b. The beneficiary/payee of the fixed deposit should also assign the proceeds of fixed deposit in favour of the Corporation by a proper endorsement by the concerned bank.

c. A discharge voucher from the beneficiary/payee of fixed deposit duly affixing necessary revenue stamp (without mentioning the date) on the backside of the FDR.

 

 

Bank Guarantee:

 

Individuals who have good banking record and good rapport with the local bank can get bank guarantee to the lending bank.

Such bank guarantees can be considered as collaterals.

 

The collateral security can be offered by the borrower by way of Bank guarantee also in such a case the following documents shall be submitted:

1 Bank guarantee executed by the concerned Bank on required stamp paper by the authorized signatories of the Bank affixing their rubber stamp containing the serial number of the signatory as per the Bank rules.

2 A confirmation copy shall be forwarded by the Bank Manager to the lending Bank in a sealed cover by post.

3 A letter from the Bank that they will pay the amount in case the Bank guarantee is invoked in time.

 

      

Format for Bank Guarantee

 

(To be furnished on non-judicial stamp paper of appropriate value as per Stamp Act relevant to place of execution.)

 

(Note: - Bank Guarantee is to be submitted “on or before estimate processing for evacuation of power generated(A) or before executing any agreement for wheeling/sale of power generated(3 rd party/captive/pooled cost)(B) or 45 days from issuance of technical feasibility, whichever is earlier (A/B/C)” and the bank guarantee amount is Rs.2 lakhs per MW.)

 

The purpose of this bank guarantee is for early completion of the project within two years from the date of issuing of this Bank Guarantee.

 

This bank guarantee is valid for two years and two months till the date------------ with additional claim period of one month till the date…………….      

 

In  consideration  of  the  -----------  [Insert  name  of  the solar power developer ]   (herein after referred to as solar power developer) submitting the proposal for establishment of solar power project of the capacity of ______ MW, at …………[Insert the location], for supply of solar power (herein after referred to as DISCOM) under third party sale / captive utilization purpose / pooled cost sale to Discom.

 

This guarantee shall be valid and binding on this Bank up to and including ___[Insert Date]___________ and shall not be terminable by notice or any change in the constitution of the Bank or the term of contract or by any other reasons whatsoever and our liability hereunder shall not be impaired or discharged by any extension of time or variations or alternations made, given, or agreed with  or  without  our  knowledge   or  consent,  by  or  between  parties  to  the  respective agreement.

 

Our   liability under   this   Guarantee  is    restricted  to    Rs._______(Rs._ only). Our Guarantee shall remain in force until           _[Insert date] / The DISCOM shall be entitled to invoke this Guarantee till                          [Insert date].

 

The Guarantor Bank hereby agrees and acknowledges that the DISCOM shall have a right to invoke this PERFORMANCE BANK GUARANTEE in part or in full, as it may deem fit.

 

 

 

The Guarantor Bank hereby expressly agrees that it shall not require any proof in addition to the written demand notice by DISCOM, made in any format, raised at the above mentioned address of the Guarantor Bank, in order to make the said payment to DISCOM.

The Guarantor Bank shall make payment hereunder on first demand without restriction or conditions and notwithstanding any objection by -------------[Insert name of the Solar Power Developer] . The Guarantor Bank shall not require the DISCOM to justify the invocation of this PERFORMANCE BANK GUARANTEE, nor shall the Guarantor Bank have any recourse against the DISCOM in respect of any payment made hereunder

 

This PERFORMANCE BANK GUARANTEE shall be interpreted in accordance with the laws of India and the courts at bihar shall have exclusive jurisdiction.

 

The Guarantor Bank represents that this PERFORMANCE BANK GUARANTEE has been established in such form and with such content that it is fully enforceable in accordance with its terms as against the Guarantor Bank in the manner provided herein.

 

This PERFORMANCE BANK GUARANTEE shall not be affected in any manner by reason of merger, amalgamation, restructuring or any other change in the constitution of the Guarantor Bank.

 

This PERFORMANCE BANK  GUARANTEE   shall  be  a  primary  obligation  of  the  Guarantor  Bank  and accordingly the DISCOM shall not be obliged before enforcing this PERFORMANCE BANK GUARANTEE to take any action in any court or arbitral proceedings against the Solar Power Developer / Project Company, to make any claim against or any demand on the Solar Power Developer / Project Company or to give any notice to the Solar Power Developer / Project Company or to enforce any security held by the DISCOM or to exercise, levy or enforce any distress, diligence or other process against the Solar Power Developer / Project Company .

 

 

 

 

 

The Guarantor Bank acknowledges that this PERFORMANCE BANK GUARANTEE is not personal to the DISCOM and may be assigned,  in whole or in part, (whether  absolutely  or by way of security)  by the DISCOM to any entity to whom the DISCOM is entitled to assign its rights and obligations under the PPA dated: .

 

Notwithstanding anything contained here in above, our liability under this Guarantee   is restricted to Rs. _________(Rupees ___________ only) and it shall remain in force until            [Insert date] with an additional claim period of thirty (30) days thereafter. We are liable to pay the guaranteed amount or any part thereof under this Bank Guarantee only if the DISCOM serves upon us a written claim or demand.

Signature                                      

 

Name                                   

 

Power of Attorney No.                              

For

           [Insert Name of the Bank]

 

Banker's Stamp and Full Address.

 

Dated this          day of           , 20   

Witness:

1.  …………………………………… Signature

Name and Address

2.  …………………………………..

 

Signature

 

Name and Address

 

Notes:

The Stamp Paper of Rs. 100/- Non Judicial Paper should be in the name of the Executing           Bank.

 

 

 

D. GENERAL GUIDELIENS:


b. For purchase of land, which is an Inam land, occupancy certificate/Form-B patta from competent authority shall be obtained.

c. Assigned lands should not be purchased without prior written permission of RDO.

d. For purchase of joint family property, the borrower should ensure that all the co-parceners of the vendor family join in the execution of the sale deed.

e. For purchase of lands covered under Master Plan of the respective Urban Development Authority, the borrower shall ensure that the proposed land is falling within the Industrial Zone.

f. If the borrowers are seeking loans on land & buildings, the borrower shall purchase the lands in the name of proprietor/firm/company/ society as the case may be.

g. Generally, the Corporation will not accept third party collateral security.

 

The following are the loan security documents to be executed by the borrowers in favour of the Bank and the required documents for a particular loan are to be taken from amongst the documents mentioned below:

1. Deed of Hypothecation
2. Memorandum of Deposit of Title Deeds
3. Guarantee Agreement
4. Loan Agreement
5. Promissory Note
6. Assignment of Development Rights

The applicable documents from out of the above shall be executed by the borrowers in favour of the Bank.

The solar power developer, in this case the borrower shall pay the necessary stamp duty that is to be payable and applicable in the State ofBIHAR on the security documents.

The above list is not exhaustive and after scrutiny of the documents that are submitted, if some more documents are required for establishing a valid marketable title for the properties being offered as security for the loan sanctioned by the Bank, the entrepreneurs have to submit the same. For any clarifications, you may contact the Legal Officer in the Branch or Legal Department in the Head Office.

 

SANCTION

 

  • Brief project report
  • Copy of  company registration certificate
  • Bio-data of proprietor / partners / directors with 2 pasport size colour photographs as per proforma alongwith copies of certificates regarding academic qualifications, experience etc.
  • Solvency declaration of proprietor / partners / directors as per proforma (on rs.20 non-judicial stamp paper)
  • Copy of partnership deed & firm registration in respect of firms/memorandum and articles of association & certificate of incorporation in respect of companies.
  • Copy of land sale deed/ sale agreement / allotment letter of apiic ltd.
  • Building plans (approved plans in respect of hotels/nursing homes/commercial & residential complexes proposals)
  • Civil estimates
  • Letter from the lessor expressing willingness to let out the building and execution of regd. Lease agreement for 25 years in the unit is proposed in leasehold lands with rough plan.
  • Quotations for machinery and equipment from standard suppliers alongwith comparartive quotations.
  • Copy of panchayat / municipal approval.
  • Copy of power feasibility letter from .transco.
  • Copies of collateral security property documents.
  • Working results (audited balance shdeets and profit & loss accounts) for the last 3 years in respect of existing units and the provisional for the current year with all schedules.
  • Working results (audited balance shdeets and profit & loss accounts) for the last 3 years of associated concerns of promoters, in the case of existing cos.
  • Particulars of available assets (land, buildings, machinery) in respect of existing unit.
  • Other details such as raw material & market tie-ups, technology tie-up with background of technical consultant etc.
  • .

    Copy of PPA

    Credentials of the party providing PPA

    URL of the party providing PPA

  • Service charge @ 0.5% of loan applied 12.36% service tax on the service charges at the time of filing the application.
  • Upfront fee @ 0.5% of the loan sanctioned 12.36% service tax on upfront fee at the time of first disbursement.

 

 

Steps involved

1) Register a company (Proprietorship or Partnership or Pvt Ltd or Public Limited) for setting up Solar power Project. Get accredition. Get registered with mnre. Preferred for REC projects.

2) Open a bank account in the new company name if you are an individual . Old name will do if you intend running the solar power generation in the old company’s name.

3) Acquire adequate  land on your company name for setting up Solar Power Project. Create provision for evacuation or atleast get flow study done.

3) Deposit 10% of the project cost in the bank account on company name and take proof of funds from the bank.

4) GET Accredition from local NLDC. GET “ flow study “ approval from Transco. Prepare DPR

5) PPA copy to be there in the DPR or bank loan application.  Get permission to feed power to the T&D network

Bank loan application to have 

1) Proof of Land Ownership , patta, unencumberance certificate
2) DPR,
3) PPA / 
4) Company incorporation certificate by an auditor
5)  Bank Balance in the new bank account.

 

Equity funding: This is probably the best way to fund and manage a solar power project. Not many developers will have their own funds. 

Pre financing by EPC companies: This can be done by EPCs.But mostly most EPCs operate on tight budgets. The profits in EPC business is not much and hence to expect funding from them is not right.  

Suppliers credit : Normally given by module manufacturers from usa and china to large customers, it is not equity funding, but it helps a lot.  It is also possible to get such credits from  Inverter makers and Tracking systems makers. That is in case you are going for a tracking system.  Especially those tracking systems that claim over 25 % increase in efficiency can afford to give some credit as they can recover their money from the increased power generated. Many of these companies are funder by VCs and may have provision to give suppliers credit.  

Non-recourse project financing 

This is the preferred financing structure, wherein the lending institutions would provide debt to a special purpose vehicle set-up for the project and would have a lien on the project’s cash-flows. However as this structure does not provide recourse to the developer’s balance sheet, lending institutions require rock-solid agreements for revenues from the projects. The above structure gives an option for obtaining non-recourse Project Financing. However the developer needs to ensure that the following are in place to make the

lending institutions comfortable Performance – Contractual guarantees from technology providers for the long-term performance of the plant revenues – Long-term power purchase agreements with credible consumers, i.e. direct power sale to the consumer. As discussed above, the current structure of the JNNSM PPA may not be bankable due to the credibility of many states. The government has been contemplating a tri-partite agreement between the developer, state discom and the Reserve Bank of India to ensure the PPAs bankability, however this is not confirmed yet.

 RenewableEnergy Certificate – developers can forego the preferential tariff and trade the RECs on the energy exchange. However the market is in its nascent stage and depends on the state’s renewable purchase obligations.

 Project viability – In addition to the above, developers must convince lenders that projects are viable and have the capability of repaying debt without outside assistance. This could mean that the project has to fund a Debt-Service-Reserve-Account in addition to having healthy

Debt-ServiceCoverage-Ratios. 

Other options for financing 

Other non-conventional options for financing include:

 

 U.S. EX-IM BANK FINANCING FOR INDIAN SOLAR POWER PROJECTS 

 

 1.What is U.S. Ex-Im bank? Or 

   Who are the beneficiaries of U.S. Ex-Imbank financing?

  • U.S.Ex-Im Bank financing is usually the most cost-effective source of financing for international customers to purchase U.S. made technology.
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank: top priority to support renewable energy & environmental exports
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank supports short, medium, and long-term financing to creditworthy international customers, and working capital guarantees to U.S. exporters
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank is interested in any size project

 2. What are the advantages of U.S. Ex-Im bank financing over Indian banks? 

  • The interest rate offered is lesser than Indian banks. You can get limited recourse financing. You can get financing far more than the traditional 70%:30% :: debt:equity structure. 

 3. Who is eligible for U.S. Ex-Im bank financing? 

  • All big companies with clean and healthy balance sheets are eligible for U.S. Ex-Im financing. 

 4. What kind of financing is provided by U.S. Ex-Im bank? 

  • U.S. Ex-Im supports solar projects on a project finance (limited recourse) basis as well as does balance sheet financing. 

 5. Does the bank have any special programs for renewable energy projects? 

  • Terms of up to 18-years for renewable energy projects.
  • Up to 30% local cost support within the U.S. scope of supply.
  • Capitalization of interest during construction.
  • Creation of the Office of Renewable Energy & Environmental Exports in 2008.
  • Creation of a Renewable Energy Express Program in 2010. 

 6.Renewable Energy Express sounds interesting, but what is it all about? 

  • Renewable Express: Renewable Express helps Indian buyers of U.S. clean-energy equipment, technology and services by providing streamlined financing for small clean-energy projects. U.S. Ex-Im Bank can process transactions of between $3 million to $10 million in as few as 60 days.

 7.What is the clean energy portfolio like?

  •  Today, it is a highly active portfolio exceeding $3 billion that includes financing for exports of renewable energy equipment, energy efficiency technologies, wastewater treatment projects, air pollution technologies, waste management services, and other goods and services.

 8. What is the easiest way to avail U.S. Ex-Im bank financing? 

Direct Loan

  • Direct Loans made by U.S. Ex-Im Bank to a foreign buyer.
  • Interest rate for an 18-year Direct Loan is 2.95% (as of November 14, 2012).
  • The International borrower submits the Direct Loan application.
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank requires the buyer to make a cash payment to the exporter equal to atleast 15% of the U.S. supply contract.
  • 15% cash payment can either be borrowed from a lender or the exporter, or befrom the buyer’s own funds.
  • Shipping must be made on U.S.-flag vessel (except air shipments).

 9. Is any kind of guarantee required for availing an U.S. Ex-Imbank loan? 

Loan Guarantee

  • Guaranteed Loans made by commercial banks (U.S. or foreign) to a foreign buyer with a 100% unconditional repayment guarantee from U.S. Ex-Im Bank.
  • Guarantee covers 85% of the U.S. content of the transaction.
  • Banks often finance the 15% required cash payment.
  • Guarantee available in major foreign currencies.
  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank also has Local Currency Loan Guarantees. 

Working Capital Guarantee

  • U.S. Ex-Im Bank provides 90% repayment Guarantee for working capital loans.
  • The Working Capital Guarantee serves as the collateral to the commercial lender by mitigating the risk inherent when the source of repayment for the loan is an overseas contract.
  • Enables exporters to finance materials, labor, and overhead to produce goods/services for export.
  • In FY 2011, Calisolar, Amonix, Suniva, Miasole, Southwest Windpower, and others used this program to finance production for export sales. 

 10.  First Solar is a big solar panel manufacturing company in the US. Have any projects benefitted from using First Solar modules/panels? 

  11.  Are joint ventures and/or subsidiary companies also eligible for U.S. Ex-Im bank financing?

  •  Solar Field Energy Two, a wholly owned subsidiary of Kiran Energy Solar Private Power Ltd. gets U.S. Ex-Im funding for their solar project! 
  • Mahindra Surya Prakash, a joint venture of Kiran Energy and Mahindra Holding Ltd., received loan for two solar facilities.

  12. Can a long-term financing be entered into? 

 13.  Can same company apply for loan 2nd time around albeit for a different project? 

  • Azure Power again gets a nitrogen boost for its solar business in the form of $70.35 million loan from U.S. Ex-Im bank.  

 14.  Are only solar PV projects eligible or solar thermal (CSP) projects also? 

 15.  What if I, as a company would like to go for a consortium of lending institutions and U.S. Ex-Im bankbe one of them?

  •  Welspun Energy secures the financial closure for their solar PV project in Rajasthan. In achieving this financial closure a consortium of lending institutions were involved.

 16 .What is the duration for provision of loans?

Or

How does one benefit from U.S. Ex-Im loans for renewable energy projects? 

Loans: 

1. Medium-Term

  • Typically up to five years repayment and under $10 million
  • Export-Credit Insurance and Guarantees of Commercial Loans.

Benefits:

  • Quick turnaround
  • Covers both capital goods and services
  • Lower financing costs with negotiated interest rates Covers both principal and interest

 

2. Long-Term

  • Typically up to 10 years repayment or over $10 million
  • Guarantees of Commercial Loans

Benefits:

  • Extended repayment terms depend on the project but could be up to 18 years for renewable-energy power
  • Available in U.S. dollar and foreign currencies, including the Indian rupee
  • Negotiable interest rates with fixed interest- rate options
  • Tailored principal repayment profiles available.

  

 17. What is the fee charged by U.S. Ex-Im for providing services?

Fees

 18. I’m interested in applying, how do I apply for a loan?

Or

How do I know if I’m eligible to apply?

ü  Procedure for applying to a U.S. Ex-Im bank loan

ü  Eligibility requirement for applying to a U.S. Ex-Im bank loan 

 19.Can I get more detailed information about availing loan from U.S. Ex-Im bank?

 

ü  Detailed information about various types of loans and related products on offer by U.S. Ex-Im bank for renewable energy (solar) project developers 

 Borrowing from the US EXIM bank has certain limitations for projects.  

 The total consideration of project cost for debt can only be a maximum of 30% over and above the cost of imports from the US. As this financing option is usually based on module imports and prices for modules account for only around 40% of the total project cost, the developer will need to club a US EXIM loan with another source of finance, thereby potentially increasing the cost of procuring debt.    The timelines for financial closure for projects under different policies in India range from six to eight months. TUS EXIM bank can take between six to nine months to process loan requests. Developers aiming for a US EXIM loan usually have to arrange for alternative bridge financing  The long processing time is attributed mostly to the lengthy legal, technical and financial due diligence undertaken by the bank. The due diligence  increases transaction costs.   US EXIM financing is ideal for projects of size 10 MW and above. Only  such projects can bear the high transaction costs. Moreover, to qualify for US EXIM financing, the project developer must import modules and in some cases other equipment from the US.        

Important International  export  credit agencies/export insurance agencies are: Euler Hermes Kreditversicherungs-AG (Germany), China Export & Credit Insurance Corporation (China), Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (Japan), Korea Trade Insurance Corporation (South Korea), Swiss Export Risk Insurance (Switzerland), Export Finance and Insurance Corporation (Australia), OesterreichischeKontrollbank AG (Austria), Export-Import Bank of Malaysia Berhad, (Malaysia), Export Development Canada (Canada), Hong Kong Export Credit Insurance Corporation (Hong Kong).

 

Foreign funding – Large project developers can tap international banks to get

lower rates of finance. However, hedging can put a substantial dent in the rate differential and only someone ready to take the currency risk should resort to this option.

The idea of collecting large number of small projects and approaching exim bank or LIbor , doesnt make much sense. it can probably operate as suppliers credit. At best.

SBICAPS   SBI Capital Markets (SBICAPS)  

finances solar projects.  Foreign banks in general are  open to lending to Indian investment banks for a portfolio of similar projects. This debt is then passed on to the developers with a margin and a hedging charge. The actual lending to the developer takes place based on RBI guidelines.

SBICAPS has been involved with the financing of projects developed by Tata Power Co., Kiran Energy, Sunborne, Alex Astral and Acme Tele Power.

There are other investment banks operating in India include the

Bank of America,

Barclays Capital,

BNP Paribas,

Lazard,

Credit Suisse,        

 

  Export credit agencies / International investment cum insurance agencies     US EXIM 0.7% (LIBOR27) 3.5%  (Margin) 6.5% (Hedging) = 10.7% Loan Up to 80�sed on value of imports 9 – 16 years duration    Approx. 1.45  DSCR  

 

 

        OPIC   The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)is the U.S. government’s development finance institution.  OPIC  supports solar in India by providing  financing, guarantees, political risk insurance, and support for private equity investment funds.  OPIC  has committed  Rs 55 billion  to the renewables sector globally last year and nearly one-quarter of it had been earmarked for India.  OPIC is  involved in financing of projects by Azure Power and Sun Edison in India.

 

  IREDA   The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) is a development funding institution but operates as a NBFC under the administrative control of MNRE for providing term loans for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.

 

IREDA has  a Rs 13 billion  of credit from KfW for a broad mandate of promoting renewable power in India but has not been particularly active in financing utility scale solar projects till date. IREDA also provides loans to other banks at interest rates as low as 2-5% so as to incentivize them to finance renewable projects. Your bank manager can work with IREDA to get low cost funding. It is a less known and less used route.    

 

 

ADB   ADB  provides financing support under the India Solar Generation Guarantee Facility (ISGGF), under its Asia Solar Energy Initiative (ASEI) . Apart from providing debt as per ADB’s LIBOR-based lending facility towards solar transmission infrastructure in Gujarat, ADB also considers direct financing and/or guarantees for projects greater than 25 MW. Reliance Power’s 100 MW CSP plant has been partially financed with both debt and equity participation by ADB. Under ISGGF, ADB provides partial credit guarantees (PCGs) available to local and foreign commercial banks that finance private sector solar power plants in the country. This guarantee covers up to 50% of the payment default risk on bank loans made to project developers. Currently, two commercial banks have been approved by ADB as eligible partner banks: L&T Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (India) and the NorddeutscheLandesbank (abbreviated Nord/LB, Germany). ADB aims to support 3 GW of solar power capacity in developing member countries by May 2013.

 

          

KfW and DEG   Germany’s KfW and DEG are also invest in  the Indian solar market. KfW is involved in lending to a 125 MW project by Mahagenco in Maharashtra and DEG has provided Rs 6.80cr  risk capital in the form of Compulsory Convertible Debentures (CCDs) to Azure Power     Other active sources for funds Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), U.K Department for International Development Cooperation (DFID), Netherlands Development Finance Company (FMO), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investmet Bank (EIB) and the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB)

 

 

 

 Indian banks are being very conservative, insisting on 1.2-1.3 DSC ratio. For project economics to look more attractive to developers, DSC ratios should be at a minimum of 1.1-1.15. At this rate, the attractiveness of several projects begins to change substantially.

 

L&T Infrastructure Finance Company (subsidiary of L&T Financing Holdings),

 Power Finance Corporation (PFC), 

 Mahindra Finance, 

IDFC, 

 IL&FS, 

SBI Capital Markets and 

 Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA). 

US EXIM bank an  active Export Credit Agency (ECA). IFC,

a member of the World Bank Group

 has provided financing for projects by developers such as Green Infra, Mahindra Solar, Azure Power and SunEdison India. 

ADB provides financing support under the India Solar Generation Guarantee Facility (ISGGF), under its Asia Solar Energy Initiative (ASEI) to promote the development of solar energy in India. Currently, two commercial banks have been approved by ADB as eligible partners: L&T Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (India) and the Norddeutsche Landesbank (abbreviated Nord/LB, Germany).

 

NEWS RELATED TO PROJECT FINANCING

*PFC WANTS MANAGEMENT CONTROL IN BANK TO AID PAYMENT SECURITY17 JUNE 2013

NEW DELHI: Power Finance Corp, which has loan assets of over Rs 1.6 lakh crore, has said that having management control in a bank would help in bolstering its payment security mechanism by lowering dependence on third party bankers.more..

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

  ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION WHAT IS AD? WHO CAN CLAIM AD? ADVANTAGES FOR AD CLIENTS IN SOLAR PROJECTS

 What is Accelerated Depreciation in solar power generation and how can I benefit from it? 

 

 

 

 ========================================================================================= 

 

 

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SETTING YOUR SOLAR PLANT IN A SOLAR PARK 

 


ADVANTAGES OF A SOLAR PARK

1. Ready to move & start facility for any solar power developer with clear title land.

2. Proper North-South oriented plots to be allotted so as to reduce land wastage, which are ideal for solar plant designing

3. Reduction in time to both start and execute the project.

4. No ROW (right of way) issue will be there for laying of transmission line, which will be done only once and common to all.

5. Ease of work execution and management will be there.

6. Relief from local issues which again will result into time and money saving in project execution.

7. Evacuation from individual project will be done right from the individual plot to the discom’s substation at 132KV level.

8. Reduced transmission losses to the tune of 1/16th of the normal at 33KV.

9. Individual plant metering at pooling substation for ease of billing.

10. Security, preventive maintenance of approach roads & transmission line etc. will be done on periodic basis.

11. Grid down time is also minimum for 132 kV sub-station, which means higher revenue
generation

12. Better financials than in your own lands.




DISADVANTAGES OF A SOLAR PARK

1. Your project is not in your state, benefitting your people

2. Your project is not in your lands. Absence of Prestige value in the neighbourhood.

3. You can’t to do the maintenance of the solar power plant directly and daily in your village


* Don’t have lands? See solar as a business opportunity. Go for Solar park.

* Want to invest in and  reap regular dividends with least hassles. Go for Solar park

* Interested in availing accelerated depreciation and making decent safe returns, invest in a solar park.

 


Want to set up a

 

Plug and play solar park?

 

250 KW onwards

 

call Manohar  90435 39679 or better still email < mano@eai.in >

 

=====================================================================================

 

 BIHAR SOLAR POLICY

 

 

*RfP for setting up 150 MW grid connected solar PV projects coupled with Pisci-culture in Bihar  

 

Bihar State Power (Holding) Company Limited (BSPHCL) has issued a RfP for the development of 150 MW Solar PV projects on Chaur (oxbow lakes/ponds/mauns) lands where pisci-culture shall be undertaken. As per this document, the development of solar power projects on Chaur/Ponds in different districts will reduce the burden on fertile land for such solar projects. In addition to that, such projects would also empower people at grassroots level by sharing of benefits of project between project developer and fisher community.

 

The selection process will be based on the L1 method, wherein all the bidders will have to match the lowest quote(L1). The bidders have to quote discounts on the benchmark tariff of Rs. 9. 85 /kWh declared by the Bihar Energy Regulatory Commission(BERC), after considering accelerated rate of depreciation. In case there are not enough bidders who accept the L1 price and if 150 MW target is not achieved, the bidders who have agreed to the L1 price will be given the option of accepting additional allocation upto 30MWper bidder.

It may be recalled that L1 process has become very prevalent. Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh had L1 process or some variants.

 

 Benefits of such projects: The solar PV project provides shading from high temperature and helps to improve the productivity of fisheries 

 

Total Capacity: 150 MW 

  • Minimum capacity of individual project – 2 MW
  • Maximum capacity of individual project – 10 MW
  • Maximum aggregate capacity of 30 MW per Bidder (including its Parent, Affiliate or Ultimate Parent- or any Group Company) with a maximum of three projects at different locations  

Fees (non-refundable):

  •  Cost of document – Rs. 31,854
  • Processing fee – Rs. 2 Lakh

 

 Qualification Criteria:

 

  • Financial criteria:

 

 Up to 20 MW – Net worth of the company should be equal to or greater than Rs 3 crore per MW or equivalent US$ per MW 

 

Beyond 20 MW – Additional net worth of Rs 2 crore per MW 

 

  • Technical criteria: Should deploy commercially established technology. The bidder is free to choose any Solar PV generation technology manufactured in India or imported that is approved by MNRE prior to bid due date
  • Eligibility conditions:
    • Bidder may be a single entity (bidding company) or group of entities (bidding consortium)
    • A consortium of foreign entities and bidders shall be eligible and if emerged as successful bidders, it has to incorporate a Company in India under the Company Act, 1956 before signing of PPA with the procurer

 

 

Bank Guarantees:

 

  • Earnest Money Deposit (EMD) @ Rs. 50 Lacs/ MW for each project
  • Performance Guarantee @ Rs. 80 Lacs/ MW for each project

 

Financial closure or project financing arrangement: The project developer shall report tie-up of financial arrangements for the projects within 180 days from the date of signing PPA and adhere to the following milestone schedule before achievement of financial closure for the project

 

 

 

Bihar_Financial_closure_final

 

 

 

Technical Parameters:

 

  • For PV module, the selected bidder is required to adhere to the technical parameters specified in Annexure-D
  • For development of ponds in the chaur land, reference designs are provided in Annexure-E
  • For development of Solar power plants above the ponds, reference designs are provided in Annexure-F
  • Despite the freedom to choose any of the reference designs for construction of pond and solar power projects, the bidder is required to adhere to the following technical parameters:
    • Project site should have assured water supply of adequate quality & quantity either surface of ground water
    • Soil and water should be suitable for fish culture
    • At least 50% of the land area above the ponds on which solar panels shall be installed will be kept open and free from any shading
    • In case of construction of super structure, at least 2 meter clearance should be ensured from the embankment and the width of the bund shall be kept to accommodate at least 2-3 rows of personnel for allowing harvesting to take place

  

 

Evaluation criteria:

 

 

 

  • Step I – Responsiveness check
  • Step II – Evaluation of fulfillment of qualification of requirements as per clause 3.5
  • Step III – Financial bid evaluation
  • Step IV – Selection of successful bidder(s)

 

 

 

Power Purchase Agreement (PPA): The selected solar power developers shall enter into a PPA with BSPHCL or its distribution companies for a period of 25 years

 

 

 

Project timeline:

 

 

 

Bihar_Project_Timeline

 

 

SEVEN STEPS TO DESIGNING

 

A SOLAR CAPTIVE POWER PLANT FOR A FACTORY

 

 There are seven steps involved in designing a successful captive solar PV installation 

 

  • Scoping of the project
  • Calculating the amount of solar energy available
  • Surveying the site
  • Calculating the amount of energy needed
  • Sizing the solar system
  • Component selection and costing
  • Detailed design

 

Step 1 –SCOPING THE PROJECT

 

As with any project, you need to know what you want to achieve. This basically involves detailing what you want from the captive PV installation, once installed. Do you want it to completely provide your day time electricity usage? Or do you want it to support a part of your usage? To start with, the scope of the project can be simple and later as we progress we can flesh it out to suit the requirements.

 

Defining the scope is in fact the most important step because once the basic scope is wrong, we might not be able to get the system do, what we exactly want it to do.

 

Step2 - CALCULATING THE SOLAR POWER AVAILABLE

 

Solar insolation is the amount of electromagnetic energy (solar radiation) incident on the surface of the earth. Basically that means how much sunlight is shining down on the area under consideration.

 

The values are generally expressed in kWh/m2/day. This is the amount of solar energy that strikes a square metre of the earth's surface in a single day. Of course this value is averaged to account for differences in the days' length. There are several units that are used throughout the world.

 

By knowing the insolation levels of a particular region one can determine the number of PV modules that are required. An area with poor insolation levels will need a larger number of PV modules than an area with high insolation levels. Once the region’s insolation level is known, one can more accurately calculate collector size and energy output.

 

The typical thumbrule that is used for the amount of electricity that solar PV can produce is as follows: On average, 1 W of solar PV, at current crystalline silicon panel efficiencies, can produce about 4 Wh of electricity per day. This is however only an average estimate and based on the location, this could be a bit lower or higher than the average.

 

Step 3 – SURVEYING THE SITE

 

A site survey basically consists of a brief interview with the developer to get a feel for their electricity needs and a physical inspection of the proposed array site to see if it is suitable for solar. When a qualified photovoltaic design professional visits a potential solar site, he or she has many things to watch out for.

 

Primarily, they will be checking the roof's orientation (azimuth) and solar access. Orientation refers to the direction the roof faces - directly south is ideal, with some leeway to the Southwest or Southeast.

 

Solar access quantifies the percentage of time when the proposed array location will be receiving the full unshaded power of the sun during different days of the year. A shady roof might disqualify a site from receiving incentive money from the state, and is not a responsible choice for solar anyway. There are ways to get around shade issues - either by looking at alternate sites, trimming or removing trees, or by using micro-inverters in the system design rather than one large central inverter.

 

Step 4 - CALCULATING THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY NEEDED

 

The next big task for any photovoltaic system designer is to determine the system load. This load estimate is one of the key factors in the design and cost of the stand-alone PV system.

 

A simple way to determine the approximate ceiling for the solar PV system capacity for all electricity needs is as follows:

 

1.  Find out your total monthly electricity consumption. Let’s say it is 100000 kWh

 

2.  Divide it by 30 to get an approximate daily consumption. In the example, it is about 3300 kWh.

 

3.  Using the thumb rule that 1 W of solar PV can approximately produce 4 Wh of electricity per day, you can determine the approximate maximum solar PV capacity you will require to power all your systems using solar PV. In this case, if the total daily consumption of electricity is 3300 kWh, you will require a maximum of 3300/4 = 825 kW.

 

 4.  It is however very unlikely that you would require such a high capacity for solar PV as you will need solar PV primarily as a backup power source, perhaps as a replacement for diesel based power generation.

 

 Ceiling for the solar PV required for complete diesel replacement

 

 In most cases, you will be using solar only as a backup power source to replace diesel based power production.

 

6.  One simple way to determine the amount of solar PV for this purpose is to determine the total amount of electricity you produce using diesel every month. In the example provided, out of the 100000 kWh of total electricity you consume every month, let’s say 10% or 10000 kWh is generated from diesel gensets. This provides you the ceiling for the solar PV system capacity for complete diesel replacement. In this case, it is 82.5 kW.

 

 7. As a thumb rule, one litre of diesel produces 4 kWh, so you can also compute the above with the data for the amount of diesel used every month.

 

 While estimating the load, the designer should consider energy conserving substitutes for items that are used often. Identifying large and/or variable loads and determining if they can be eliminated or changed to operate from another power source will save cost. 

 

 Step 5 – SIZING THE SYSTEM

 

 From the results obtained in step 2 and step 4, we can determine the size of the solar system that will be needed to power the site. The necessary systems involved in the setting up of captive power plants are:

 

 1)      Array(collection of solar PV modules)

 

 2)      Charge controllers

 

 3)      Batteries

 

 4)      Inverters

 

 5)      Mounting systems

 

 Note: The exact procedure for sizing of a solar system has to begin with calculating the amphere hour (Ah) of each load under consideration. Without knowing this it is impossible to size the PV system.

 

 PV array sizing – Array sizing is determined by taking into account the daily energy requirement (in Kilowatt hours) and average daily peak sunshine hours in the design month.

 

 No part of a PV array can be shaded. The shading of small portions of a PV module may greatly reduce output from the entire array. PV modules connected in series must carry the same current. If some of the PV cells are shaded, they cannot produce current and will become reverse biased. This means the shaded cells will dissipate power as heat, and over a period of time failure will occur.  However, since it is impossible to prevent occasional shading, the use of bypass diodes around series - connected modules is recommended

 

 Hybrid Indicator

 

 At this point, the basic PV system configuration and size have been determined. Before proceeding to specify components for the system, a simple test is recommended to see if the application might be a candidate for a hybrid system.

 

 Two main indicators work together to alert the designer to a possible hybrid application; the size of the load, and the seasonal insolation variability at the site.  The larger the load the more likely a hybrid PV-generator system will be a good economic choice. Likewise, in cloudy climates you need a larger system to meet the load demand; thus having a higher array/load ratio. Plotting the load versus the array/load ratio gives an indication of whether a hybrid system should be considered. There may be other reasons to consider a hybrid system: for example, systems with high availability requirements or applications where the load energy is being provided by an existing generator.  A word of caution--the controls required for a hybrid system are more complex because the interaction between engine generator, PV array, and battery must be regulated. Obtaining advice from an experienced designer is recommended if you decide to install a hybrid system. 

 

 Controllers - Charge controllers are included in most photovoltaic systems to protect the batteries from overcharge or excessive discharge. Overcharging can boil the electrolyte from the battery and cause failure. Allowing the battery to be discharged too much will cause premature battery failure and possible damage to the load. The controller is a critical component in your PV system. Thousands of rupees of damage may occur if it does not function properly. In addition, all controllers cause some losses (tare loss) in the system. One minus these losses, expressed as a percentage, is the controller efficiency.  The cost of the controller increases rapidly as the current requirement increases. Controllers for 12-volt and 24-volt systems with currents up to 30 amperes are available at a reasonable cost. Controllers with 30- 100 amperes are available but 2-5 times more expensive. Controllers that will switch currents over 100 amperes are usually custom designed for the application. One way to work with currents over 100 amperes is to connect controllers in parallel. It is often less expensive to use five 20- ampere rated controllers in parallel than one 100-ampere unit. 

 

 The controller must be installed in a weather resistant junction box and can be located with other components such as diodes, fuses, and switches. Excessive heat will shorten controller lifetime so the junction box should be installed in a shaded area and venting provided if possible. Controllers should not be mounted in the same enclosure with batteries. The batteries produce a corrosive environment that may cause failure of electronic components. 

 

 Battery sizing - To determine the size of the battery storage required for a stand-alone PV system, it is required to make a number of decisions. Before making these choices, one should study and understand battery parameters and the concept of system availability. First, you must choose the amount of back-up energy you want to store for your application. This is usually expressed as a number of no sun days, in other words, for how many cloudy days must your system operate using energy stored in batteries. There is no “right answer” to this question. It depends on the application, the type of battery, and the system availability desired.

 

 Inverters - Power conditioning units, commonly called inverters, are necessary in any stand-alone PV system with ac loads. The choice of inverter will be a key factor in setting the dc operating voltage of your system.

 

 When specifying an inverter, it is necessary to consider requirements of both the dc input and the ac output.   The choice of inverter will affect the performance, reliability, and cost of your PV system. Usually, it is the third most expensive component after the array and battery. 

 

 The selection of the inverter input voltage is an important decision because it often dictates the system dc voltage.

 

 An inverter should be installed in a controlled environment because high temperatures and excessive dust will reduce lifetime and may cause failure. The inverter should not be installed in the same enclosure with the batteries because the corrosive gassing of the batteries can damage the electronics and the switching in the inverter might cause an explosion. However, the inverter should be installed near the batteries to keep resistive losses in the wires to a minimum. 

 

 Mounting structures- Ground mounting of PV arrays is recommended for stand-alone systems. Regardless of whether you buy or build the mounting structure make sure it is anchored and the modules are restrained. Many module manufacturers and distributors sell mounting hardware specifically designed for their modules. This hardware is intended for multiple applications and different mounting techniques and considerations like wind loading have been included in the design. Using this mounting hardware is the simplest and often the most cost effective. Customized array mounting structures can be expensive.   

 

 Others- It is important to select wire, connectors, and protection components such as switches and fuses that will last for twenty years or more. To obtain this long life, they must be sized correctly, rated for the application, and installed carefully. Connections are particularly prone to failure unless they are made carefully and correctly. 

 

 Step 6 – COMPONENT SELECTION AND SIZING 

 

 Once the various components have been sized, the next important step is the selection and costing of the components.

 

 There are many players in the market vying to establish their products. At this juncture, the system developer has to select components by taking into account factors like technical specifications, reliability, and lifetime of the components in addition to the cost.

 

 Investment for the solar modules is for a period of 25 years, so selecting a high efficient solar panel is of prime importance. The manufactures of the batteries claim a lifetime of about 7 years, whereas inverters guarantee at most 2 years. As can be seen from these numbers, selection becomes a crucial part of the captive solar PV installation.

 

 Step 7 – DETAILED DESIGN

 

 Now that the major components have been sized and selected, it is time to consider how to interconnect everything as a working system.

 

 The detailed design is the more actionable form of the captive solar PV installation. The system developer accumulates all the data collected from the previous 6 steps and prepares a layout of the installation on paper. The developer removes obvious engineering fallacies and prepares a corrected version of the layout on paper.

 

 The confirmed design will have all the necessary data like the average consumption per day(kWh), the insolation levels at the area under consideration(in hours) , the optimal plant size, the area required for the same, the number of panels required to be installed in that area, the number of charge controllers, batteries, inverters required for the determined plant size, the cost of all the components and many more intricate details like the viability of installing tracking systems etc.

 

 Stand-alone PV systems will be reliable power producers for more than two decades if properly sized for the application, engineered well, and installed carefully. PV arrays for stand-alone systems are installed in many unique and innovative ways. However, there are common issues involved in any installation, whether the array is fixed or tracking, mounted at ground level, or on a pole or building. 

 

 

 

 Preventive Maintenance

 

 The integral part of any completed installation is the periodic checks that are recommended for any stand-alone PV system so that little problems can be found and corrected before they affect system operation. The system should be checked soon after installation when it is presumably operating well.

 

Interested in setting up a Captive solar power for your factory? Send mail to mano@eai.in   subject    Factory power

 

 

 

 

 

STEPS INVOLVED IN DESIGNING

 

 

 

A ROOF-TOP SOLAR PV SYSTEM WITH BATTERY BACKUP

 

 

 

 

 

A stand-alone PV plant for AC and DC loads:

 

The broad steps involved in designing a roof-top stand-alone solar PV plant are:

 

  1. Estimation of total loads and energy
  2. Selection of an inverter
  3. Sizing of battery bank
  4. Sizing of PV array
  5. Selection of other components
  6. Installation and commissioning
  7. Testing and evaluation

 

 

 

Estimation of total loads and energy:

 

  1. Sum the total AC connected watts
  2. Sum the total DC connected watts
  3. Calculate the AC average daily energy requirement
  4. Divide this by the inverter efficiency to obtain the DC energy required to the AC load
  5. Calculate the total energy requirement due DC loads
  6. Add the DC energies obtained by step 4 and step 5
  7. This quantity is the total DC energy load on the battery bank

 

 

 

Selection of inverter: 

 

  1. The capacity of the inverter must be more than that of the total daily average AC loads, including their surge requirement
  2. The nominal DC input voltage of the inverter will be the battery bank voltage and is decided by the design of the inverter
  3. The output will be single phase or three phase , 230/440V  & 50Hz, to be compatible to the AC loads requirement
  4. The conversion efficiency at minimum load (10%) should be 80%
  5. Total Harmonic Distortion (TDH) < 3%
  6. The wave shape, crest factor, power factor etc, to be as per the load requirements

 

 

 

Battery bank sizing: 

 

  1. The total DC energy ÷ the nominal input voltage gives the daily Ampere Hour (AH) requirement from the battery bank
  2. The daily AH hours X autonomy ÷ discharge limit provides the battery bank Ampere hour capacity
  3. Battery bank AH capacity/Individual battery AH gives the number of batteries in parallel (generally it is 1)
  4. DC system voltage ÷ the battery voltage gives number of batteries in series

 

 

 

 PV array sizing: 

 

  1. Average daily AH requirement from the battery ÷ battery columbic efficiency gives the AH to be put in by the PV array in a day
  2. AH required from PV array ÷ average peak sun hours in a day of the site gives Amperes required from PV array
  3. Amperes from array peak ÷ panel (or module) peak ampere gives number of PV panel strings required in parallel
  4. Nominal system DC voltage ÷ nominal operating module voltage gives the number of SPV modules in one series string
  5. Number of modules in one series string X number of parallel strings gives the total number of SPV modules in the power plant
  6. Number of PV modules X PV module wattage is the total PV array wattage

 

 

 

 Other components: 

 

  1. Charge controller maximum current capacity should be one and half times that of total short circuit current of all parallel strings
  2. The total open circuit voltage of all the modules in series should give the maximum voltage of the charge controller
  3. The cables connecting the module to Junction boxes, to that of DC board and battery bank should be selected as per the standards
  4. Cut-outs, fuses and other control components should be as per the National standard of Electrical current ratings

 

 

 

 Key words: Solar PV, photovoltaic system design, PV arrays, total AC and DC loads, selection of inverter for SPV, battery bank sizing, SPV array sizing, charge controller, SPV module, ampere hours (AH)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 


Easy Steps to Plan your solar roof top solution

 

 

 


Solar power energy systems are not inexpensive.
Nor are they too expensive.
At present many households and factories, just need power.
Not many are asking as to when they will get the capital back.

 

 

 

Here is a news item in The Hindu saying that in a few years
the electricity tariff will be Rs 13 or Rs 14/-

 

(http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Madurai/small-units-plan-to-tap-solar-power-in-a-big-way/article4002924.ece)

 

 

 

So, it makes sense to go solar right away.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fill and

 

 

 

get your house rooftop solar power estimate

 

 

 

by specialists !

 

 

 

Step 1: List your equipment

 

 

 

Number of Fans and no of hours u need it per day

 

Similarly list all electrical devices at home that u need to run in solar power

 

Lights, Refrigerator, grinder, oven, etc.,

 

Approx electricity bill per month

 

 

 

Step 2: Roof area you have in square feet

 

Step 3: Do you want a battery? If yes, for how many hours.

 

 

 


Fill the above information and email with address and mobile no to

 

 

 

< marketing.rooftop@gmail.com >

 

with subject

 

Rooftop requirement

 

 

 

========================================================================================================================================

 

 

 

 

 

If you are an installer/integrator, register with us

 

with address , experience and geographical area of operations

 

by sending a mail to

 

< marketing.rooftop@gmail.com >

 

with the subject installer/ integrator and location .......

 

 

 

 

 

We can send u customers who need solar energy !!

 

 

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Some quotes

 


Installer 1

 

1KW system for Rs.2,10,000 (two lakh ten thousand only).

 

 

 


In this Govt. is offering Rs.70,000 as subsidy for 1KW system.

 

So, the customer has to pay only Rs.1,40,000 to us, we will get the subsidy directly from government.

 

2KW system will be Rs.2,70,000.

 


The break up is as follows:

 


Solar panels- Rs.60,000 (1000W)

 

Battery Rs.50,000 (400AH Solar Battery)

 

Inverter Rs. 30,000 (1KVA)

 

Mounting structures Rs.25,000

 

Cable and others Rs.20,000

 

VAT Rs.12,000

 


For 2KW system just double.

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 


Installer 2

 


1 KW (Without Battery) in Rs.
================== =====
1 KWp Solar Panels 51000
1 KVA PCU 24000
Junction Box (4:1) 4500
MS Structure 15000
Solar PV Cable 3000
Installation - Civil 10000
Installation - Wiring 8000
======
115000
======

 

1 KW (With Battery) in Rs.
=============== ====
1 KWp Solar Panels 51000
1 KVA PCU 24000
2 X 200 Ah C10 Battery 35000
Junction Box (4:1) 4500
MS Structure 15000
Solar PV Cable 3000
Installation - Civil 10000
Installation - Wiring 10000
======
152000
======

 

 

 

======================================================

 

 

This blog consists of latest news regarding solar energy in bihar at the top. As u go down, you will get all the relevant details for setting up solar plants, rooftops, solar business opportunities in bihar.

 

=======================================================================

SOLAR NEWS

*SJVN TO FORAY INTO SOLAR POWER IN BIHAR !!!!

Public sector enterprise SJVN today said it has been allocated coal block for its upcoming 1,320- MW power plant, estimated to cost about Rs 6,900 crore, in Bihar. 

SJVN, which is currently into hydel power generation, has diversification plan, including foray into thermal and solar powersegments. more..

  *SOLAR REC'S DROP TO FLOOR PRICE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!28 june 2013

 

Indian solar-energy credits in June fell as much as 19 percent from the previous month, sinking to their floor price for the first time since trading began last year as new sun-powered plants came on line.

 

The credits, which power-distribution companies and industrial consumers buy to meet clean-energy mandates, sold for 9,300 rupees ($154), according to  Indian Electricity Exchange and the Power Exchange of India.more..

 

Will this trigger the sale of solar REC ????or backfire???

 

*IFC’s INVESTMENT IN GREEN BUSINESS IN INDIA IN 2012-13 JUMPED TO $362 MILLION24 june 2013 

 

The World Bank’s private sector lending arm, International Finance Corporation (IFC), sees a bright future in the Indian renewable energy sector.By the end of this month, its investment in Indian renewable energy and clean technology sectors that began in 2009-10 would have exceeded $1 billion (R5,900 crore).more..

 

*COST OF SOLAR POWER AT RS 5.50/UNIT- PLANS MNRE  

 

NEW DELHI: To give a boost to its efforts to bring down the cost of solar power in India, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is planning to roll out large megawatt size solar power projects, in the order of 500 MW and above. MORE..

 

 

 

   Rajasthan turned up lowest bid at Rs 6.45 but not many takers.  

 

 Similarly in AP too there were not many takers at Rs 6.49 

 

  However, TN has achieved 690 MW at Rs 6.48 with 5 % escalation clause

 

 * 3-25KW SOLAR GENSET STARTING AT RUPEES 5 LAKHS!!!

 

Jakson Power Solutions is venturing into solar gensets, a territory where no established power player has gone before.To be launched in the next few weeks, the 3-25 kilowatt solar gensets with a starting price of Rs 5 lakh mark yet another unconventional growth strategy for a company which was a conventional diesel generator manufacturer till 2009..MORE.. 

 *13MW SOLAR PPA WITH BIHAR STATE POWER HOLDING COMPANY IN NAWADA!!! 

M/s Glad Solutions and M/s Response have signed PPA with Bihar State Power Holding Company for supplying solar power from their 3 & 10 MW projects coming at Nawadah. The power will be evacuated at 132/33 KV Nawadah Grid. MORE.. 

*NEW FUND TO REDUCE COSTS FOR SOLAR POWER PROJECTS 

A demand for the creation of a separate window under the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) has been made by the industry. It may provide a boost to the country’s domestic solar energy projects by providing easy access to finance for such clean energy technology, the industry has stated in a FICCI white paper.The paper on reducing the cost of finance for solar energy projects through NCEF has been submitted to the government for consideration.

The Fund was announced in the budget 2011-12 and is expected to be a step for funding research and innovative projects in clean energy technology. The white paper in essence, suggests innovative models for sharing and distribution of risk and cost of financing through NCEF as the cost of financing from the domestic Financial Institutions is high. MORE..

The ministry is gradually running out of funds allocated for giving  subsidies , this is a fact .But the advise by FICCI is not germane as it was already commented by  joint secretary  Tarun Kapoor in RENERGY 2013 in chennai  "We are currently getting part of the funds used for subsidy from the National Clean Energy Fund and we are talking to them for more funds," he added.

*Bihar govt devises policy to encourage use of solar energy

 PATNA: Suffering huge power shortage, the Bihar government has devised a policy to encourage the use of solar energy in the state that would providetax incentives for installing such plants on wastelands. SOURCE

*Bihar's total potential for renewable energy was 1205 MW in 2011

PATNA: The total potential for renewable power generation in Bihar as on March 31, 2011, was estimated to be 1,205 MW including 619 MW biomass power. Bihar accounts for a meagre 1.34 % of total renewable power distribution in the country.SOURCE

*Bihar CM's official residence switches to solar energy 

It is now official. Nitish Kumar, chief minister of the power-starved state of Bihar, has decided to go green. The chief minister will use solar energy to power his official residence in Patna, an official on Wednesday said. more..

 

*Bihar government encourages alternative sources of solar energy 

PATNA: Suffering huge power shortage, Bihar is encouraging alternative sources of energy like solar energyin a big way.

State Energy Minister Bijendra Prasad Yadav told PTI that the state government has done a survey which revealed that there has been a tremendous scope for development of solar energy.MORE,,

Bihar leads in constructive policy on renewable energy

PATNA: In the backdrop of a persistent power crisis and raging debate on lack of coal linkages,Greenpeace has released its assessment report on Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) titled Powering Ahead on Renewables: Leaders and Laggards, which ranks all the states on their performance in renewable energy supply and calls for revision of RPO mechanism based on equity principle MORE..

*Nitish Kumar aims to enhance power supply to 5300 MW

 Patna: Battling acute power crisis, the NDA government in Bihar on Monday said it intends to augment electricity supply in the state to 5300 MW by 2015. SOURCE

The definitive portal for understanding the Indian energy sector

Suffering from huge power shortage, Bihar is encouraging alternative sources of energy like solar energy in a big way.

State Energy Minister Bijendra Prasad Yadav told PTI that the state government has done a survey which revealed that there has been a tremendous scope for development of solar energy.

Accordingly, the state government has devised solar energy promotion policy to popularise solar energy.

As part of this, the state government has decided to exempt registration and entry tax on installation of solar energy plant on wasteland, Yadav said.SOURCE

*Tax incentives for solar energy in Bihar

The Bihar state government has devised a tax incentives plan to encourage private players to invest in solar energy. This move is especially significant since the state has been reeling under massive power shortage. The tax benefits include an exemption of registration and entry tax on installation of solar power plants on wastelands in the state. This puts the unutilised land to good use and the abundant sunshine the state receives is harnessed here and used for power generation. [1]SOURCE

*New solar policy drafted in Bihar 

As the state of Bihar is crippled by massive power shortage, the state government has drafted a new solar policy aimed at attracting investments and also to popularize the concept of solar power all over the state. As part of this policy, the state government has decided to exempt registration and entry taxes on installation of solar energy plants on wastelands. Bihar witnesses 280 days of sunshine which reflects tremendous scope for developing solar energy market. The Chief Minister has decided to lead by example by installing a solar power system in his official residence. READ.. 

*Schanti Partners LLC proposes 50 MW solar power plant in Bihar

Sparkle Solar Bihar I - a fully owned subsidiary of Schanti Partners LLC of USA has proposed to set up a 50 MW solar power plant at Kaimur district in Bihar. The investment in the project will be Rs.5.8 billion. A proposal by the company has been submitted to the State Electricity Board of Bihar (BSEB). The project has already received approval from the Bihar State Investment Promotion Board and a no objection certificate (NoC) from the Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency (BREDA).read..

 

*Greenpeace installs solar pump set 

PATNA: Access to energy for irrigation and other agricultural activities is an important issue for the rural Bihar. Looking at poor irrigation facilities due to non-availability of power and availability of abundant sunshine in the state, Greenpeace on Thursday installed and demonstrated a low-cost solar pumping system at Khalsa village in Bidupur block, barely 8km away from Hajipur, in Vaishali district. These low-cost solar pumping systems have a huge potential to increase agricultural productivity in the state.read..

Solar power back-up for fillip to police functioning

ALLAHABAD: The computers at police stations across the state will not shut down in case of a power failure in the near future. Reason: the state police headquarters has initiated the process of providing solar power back-up to the police stations.source

*Bihar govt. to promote solar energy, offers incentives 

To address the issue of perennial power shortage in the state, the Bihar Government has introduced a policy to promote the usage of solar energy in the state.

To encourage this initiative, the state government has decided to exempt registration and entry taxes on installation of solar energy plants on wastelands.SOURCE

Solar energy for Bihar agriculture, solar business and govt policy: two reports!

Patna: sun god has proved to be the reigning deity of Bihar with the increasing popularity of the Chhath festival. In keeping with the ancient tradition followed in Bihar, it is now time to give some secular and practical attention to the sun in Bihar. The following two reports do just that SOURCE

 

*Bihar to come up with solar policy soon

 

 

Suffering huge power shortage, the Bihar government has devised a policy to encourage the use of solar energy in the state that would provide tax incentives for installing such plants on wastelands.

The state government has done a survey which revealed that there is a tremendous scope for development of solar energy, state's Energy Minister Bijendra Prasad Yadav told PTI.

Accordingly, the state government has devised a solar energy promotion policy to popularise solar energy.As part of this policy, the state government has decided to exempt registration and entry taxes on installation of solar energy plants on wastelands, Yadav said.

 

Proposals for generation of 250 MW through various solar power projects have been sent to the state Cabinet for approval, he said.

In a bid to popularise the solar energy among people, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has got installed solar power system at his official residence.

Companies engaged in sale of solar energy equipments estimate that the market for solar equipments in the state is worth more than Rs 40 crore and it is expected to grow further in future.

According to an International organisation 'WISE' (World Institute of Sustainable Energy) engaged in mapping prospects for production of solar energy, Bihar comes in the moderate solar radiation zone of the country.

Bihar witnesses 280 days of sunshine which reflects tremendous scope for developing solar energy market, WISE said.

Sanzar Ajmi, senior executive of a leading solar energy company Tata Power Solar, involved in the business in the state for the past eight years, said usage of solar equipments are moving from rural areas to urban areas of the state.

"The solar power equipments market is roughly witnessing around 15 per cent growth in the state every year," he said.

According to Bhupendra Roy, senior manager of ALPEX Solar, which exports solar equipments and photovoltaic cell based solar plate, there is sale of solar instruments worth Rs 3-4 crore every year in the state.

He said the company manufacture solar power system ranging fro 3 KW to 10 KW.

Roy said the company has installed solar power system to generate 22 MW of electricity at headquarters of East Central Railway (ECR) at Hajipur. Besides, solar power system of 25 MW potential would be installed at Samastipur Railway division soon.

Source

 

* No electricity, no vote, says Nitish Kumar

 

 

Patna, Aug 16: In a piece of good news for the millions of power-starved in Bihar, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar Wednesday announced that he will not ask for votes in the 2015 assembly elections if his government fails to provide electricity to the villages.

 

 

 

"I will not ask people to vote for us in the next state assembly polls if we fail to provide electricity to each village in Bihar by 2015," Kumar said at an official function to mark Independence Day here.

Kumar said electricity has become the main focus of his Janata Dal-United -led government. "We have been working seriously on the electricity front to provide it to all in next few years," he said.

Kumar said the state government had already demanded its share in an upcoming thermal power plant of the National Thermal Power Corporation in Barh in Patna district. Besides, his government has cleared other power projects in the private sector in the state, he said.

By promising electricity to all in Bihar, Kumar has sent a message of hope to the people, majority of whom are still living in the lantern age due to shortage of power in the state.

While Bihar's daily power requirement is between 2,500 and 3,000 MW, the state produces merely 100 MW, said a BSEB official, who did not want to be named.

The central government supplies 1,100-1,200 MW power to the state. Bihar is facing a deficit of over 1,200 MW, they said. source  

 =============================================================================================================

* Solar power facilities for Bihar's high schools

In the first phase, 4,115 schools located in power- starved rural areas, will be equipped with the facility to make optimal use of educational kitsSubmitted on 08/16/2012 - 09:59:42 AM

Patna: In a first of its kind, the Bihar government has decided to provide solar light facilities to all the secondary schools of the state. This will make these schools, mostly located in rural areas, self-reliant in terms of power.

The centre has approved the state government’s proposal to equip all government - run secondary schools with solar light facility. In the first phase, 4,115 schools will be illuminated with solar lights.

Bihar School Examination Board Chairman Rajmani Prasad Sinha said that the tender would be floated soon for the supply of solar lights. “The teaching, mostly in schools located in rural areas, remained affected due to acute power crisis,” he added.

Initially only two megawatt would be provided. Each solar light set would cost Rs 5.40 lakh. While 60 per cent of the total cost would be borne by schools, remaining 40 per cent would be sanctioned by the Board, he said.

“The move will not only help the schools maintain teaching standards by making optimal use of educational kits provided by the government but also contribute to the state’s all round development,” the Chairman said. —iGovernment Bureau source  17/8/12

 

Most recently, rural women in Bihar seem to have also turned into solar power entrepreneurs. According to Betwa Sharma, UN/NY correspondent, PTI, equipped with a new set of light bulbs, a group of rural women in Bihar are ditching kerosene oil lanterns, increasing their income and getting more study time for their children - all with one solar energy experiment.The project has been facilitated by the Self-Employed Women's Association (SEWA), a trade union for women working in the informal sector. With a loan from SEWA, a group of 13 women have bought 20 solar bulbs at the subsidized price of Rs 40,000 (or $900). These energy entrepreneurs are now using the lights in their own homes and seven bulbs have been rented to other families for Rs 90 ($2) a month. Before the solar bulbs arrived, children could hardly read and write in the kerosene lanterns that gave out unhealthy fumes. Now, they can study better and their parents save the money previously spent on kerosene. According to Sharma, the end result is that the Jal Sakra village, situated in the state of Bihar close to the Maoist insurgency in India, has now become the launching pad for a new scheme to boost women's earnings through solar power. source 17/8/12

 

==============================================================

Want to set up  MW scale / half a MW / 100 Kw/ 5 MW/ 10 MW/ solar power plant !

call  Manohar 90435 39679 or email <mano@eai.in>

 

 * Solar business opportunity in Bihar

 

In Buildings 

Rooftop solar power plants, Solar Water Heaters,

Energy Efficient Lights, Energy efficient designs,

GRIHA Ratings. Solar air conditioning etc.

 

Solar business opportunity   Bihar

 

In Shopping Malls 

 

Rooftop Solar Power Plants, Solar Garden lights,

 

Solar Road Studs, Solar Water Heater for Canteens,

kitchen waste plants etc.

 

Solar business opportunity in Bihar

 

In University/Colleges

 

 Rooftop Solar Power Plants, Solar Garden lights,

 

 

Solar Road Studs, Solar Water Heater for Canteens

and Hostels, Solar Cooking, Solar Lightings, solar

street lightings, Kitchen waste plants etc.

 

Solar business ideas in Bihar

 

In Hostels

 Solar Water Heaters, Biomass gasifier based cooking,

Solar Cooking, Kitchen Waste based plants, Solar

Lightings,

 

Solar business opportunity  Patna, Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda, Bodh and Gaya. 

 

In Vegetable Markets 

Solar Lanterns for Road Shops, Market Waste based

Plants, Solar lightings, Solar cold storages etc.

 

Solar business opportunity Bihar Patna, Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda, Bodh and Gaya.

 

In Sewage Treatment Plants 

Biogas Generation Plants, Power Generation from

Biogas, Biogas Cooking, Solar lightings etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar business opportunity Patna, Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda, Bodh and Gaya.

In Roads 

Solar Street Lighting Systems, Road Studs, Solar

Traffic Signals, Solar Street Light Controls etc.

 

Solar business  Patna, Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda, Bodh and Gaya.

 

In Transportation

 Battery Operated Vehicles, Biodiesel based Buses/

Vehicles etc.

 

Solar business Patna, Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda, Bodh and Gaya. Bihar

 

In Residential Houses 

Solar Water Heaters, Solar Power Generators, Solar

Invertors, Solar Home Lighting System etc.

 

 

Solar business opportunity 

In Advt. Hoardings 

Solar Hoardings, CFL/LED replacement in hoardings

 

Solar business opportunity Patna, Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda, Bodh and Gaya. Bihar

 

In Markets 

Solar Generators, Solar Water Heaters, Solar Power

Plants, Solar Lighting Systems, Solar Lantern etc.

 

 

Solar business opportunity Patna, Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda, Bodh and Gaya. Bihar

 

In Hotels

 Solar Water Heaters for water preheating ( airconditioning plant, laundry , kitchen, swimming

pool), Waste based Plants, Solar Garden Lights, Solar

Road Studs, solar streetlights with automatic control,

 

Solar business opportunity 

 

 

In Hospitals 

Solar Water Heaters ( air-conditioning plant, laundry

, kitchen, incinerators/autoclaves), Solar Roof Top

Power Plants, Solar Lightings, Solar Street Lights,

Road Studs

 

Solar business   Potential in Patna, Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda, Bodh and Gaya.

 

 

In Restaurants 

Solar Water Heaters, Solar Lightings, Solar Cooking,

Gasifier Based Cooking

 

Solar business in Bihar Patna, Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda, Bodh and Gaya.

In Schools 

Solar Cooking for Midday Meals, Solar Lightings,

 

Solar business opportunity 

In Data Center 

Solar lighting , solar air conditioning

 

 

Solar and other business opportunity 

In MSW Sites 

Suitable Technology for MSW Treatment i.e.,

Inciration, Landfill, Biomethanation, Palletization

 

Solar and other business opportunity 

 

In Industry 

Waste heat recovery, process heat recovery, biogas

production for thermal and captive  power plant

,biomass gasification, cogeneration , biomass based

power plants, SPV power plants inplaceof

conventional diesel generation, Solar Water Heaters,

solar street lights for industry campus with automatic

control, solar drying, Solar air conditioning etc.

 

 

 

Bihar Solar Energy Policy, Solar Projects and Solar Business Opportunities in Bihar

 

This blog consists of three parts 


Part I deals with latest solar energy news from Bihar

 

Part II deals mostly with the Government regulations and guidelines for solar energy in Bihar

 

Part III deals with solar energy business opportunities, solar energy business strategy, and solar energy investment required for different types of businesses all catering to the Private sector from large corporates to small medium ones. 

 

Part I

 

Latest News – Bihar Solar Energy

 

 

 

Part II

Solar irradiation in Bihar

Demographics of Bihar

BREDA

Bihar renewable energy policy

Solar power projects in Bihar

 

 

Part III

 

The solar energy business potential in Bihar and Business opportunities in Bihar

 

 

POWER SCENARIO

 

DISCOM RATING IN BIHAR

The Ministry of Power(MoP) has released its First Annual Integrated Rating of the State Electricity Distribution Utilities. The ratings were carried out by the rating agencies- ICRA Limited and CARE. In total, 39 state utilities from 20 states were rated and the utilities from Gujarat came on top with excellent ratings whereas the utilities from Uttar Pradesh came at the bottom.

 

 

The utilities were rated based on the following parameters.

Rating Parameters

The Score distribution is as follows.

Distribution

 

All Rankings

MORE DETAILS

Latest News

Claro energy invests in Bihar

Bunty Singh is a large farmer in Bihar ’s Gopalganj district. In the absence of reliable supply of electricity, he used to incur Rs 2.42 lakh a year on diesel to fire his diesel generator (DG) set and a 5-HP pump to irrigate his 40 hectares of farm land. Last year, he bought a solar power solution for Rs 9.5 lakh and hopes to recover this cost in four years by saving on diesel expenses and maintenance of the DG set.

Singh doesn’t mind the investment. Besides irrigating his fields, the solar system leaves him with some surplus power to charge mobile phones or run a thresher for harvesting grains. More importantly, he can now grow three crops a year against two earlier—he used to skip the garma season (in between kharif and rabi season) as evaporation is very high in this season, and hence, the diesel consumption.Many farmers in Bihar’s Gopalganj and Nalanda district, home to chief ministerNitish Kumar , have started adopting this solar solution offered by Claro Energy , a Delhi-based start-up which has sold 65 installations in Bihar. Many of these have been bought by state governement departments and big farmers, Claro is now working with lenders to come up with a financing plan to bring down the upfront cost for farmers.

 

The opportunity is huge. Many rural consumers don’t have access to reliable power, with states running big peak power deficits: Bihar (30.2 per cent), Maharashtra (27.3 per cent), Uttar Pradesh (26.4 per cent) and Punjab (20.5 per cent). Worse, many states curb supply to agriculture as they are not able to recover the cost of supply or are forced to supply power for free. As a result, farmers are forced to use diesel-fired pumps to irrigate their fields.

Consider this: Bihar alone has over 1 million privately-owned pumps fuelled by diesel while state government departments (nurseries, animal husbandry) have 12,468 pumps. Uttar Pradesh, which is the next state Claro Energy is targeting, has a base of 3 million privately-owned pumps, while state departments have 13,000 pumps. States are keen—Bihar gave a diesel subsidy of Rs 690 crore last year—to cut the subsidies on diesel.

‘‘Claro has executed 35 solar pumps, and all are working well,” says Kishor Kumar, senior officer at Minor Water Resources Department, government of Bihar. Under Kosi Restoration Scheme, phase II, Bihar plans to restore many of its high-capacity pumps (17-30 HP) in five districts of the Kosi basin under a World Bank scheme. There are 275 pumps of 7.5 HP, which it plans to solarise under this scheme. ‘‘The only constraint is cost, which makes it difficult for small and marginal farmers to adopt this,” says Kumar.

The Early Days

When Kartik Wahi and Soumitra Mishra met at the Kellog School of Management, the US in 2010, they thought of doing something in the waste management space in India. But they soon realised these would be long gestation periods. Those days, Cleantech was the big theme in the US, which coincided with the National Solar Mission in India. 

Many business houses jumped the bandwagon to set up on-grid solar projects, which saw some 1,000 Mw of solar capacity going onstream in the last two years. In a sector where technical and commercial losses can be as high as 40 per cent, the duo felt these projects did not make sense. They began looking at off-grid, decentralised generation and then they settled for a solar-based application, like solar-pumping. 

‘‘We said let’s try to generate power where it is needed,’’ says Wahi from his two-room office in Delhi’s Lado Sarai village, next to Qutub Minar. This is when they roped in their third partner, Gaurav Kumar, Wahi’s batchmate in engineering college. Gaurav, having worked in Punj Lyod, came with strong project execution skills. 

They decided to target Bihar as it had high power deficits and being in the Gangetic plains, the water table was high--5 metres after monsoon, and 10 metres in other months. But that was the easier part. ‘‘Solar pumping was a non-existent terminology. People had heard of solar lights, solar lanterns; but nobody thought they could do solar pumping,” recalls Wahi. So, the first challenge was to demonstrate the concept, which they did with demonstration farms of varying sizes, sensitising the state machinery.

Claro worked closely with agriculture-focused institutions and state government departments (like animal husbandry and wetlands), who bought into the idea after seeing the benefits of the solar pumping. To promote use of wetlands, a state minister came up with the idea of having fish ponds in these areas and using solar pumps to top up the water level, and coined an adage, niche machli, uppar bijli (fish cultivation below, power generation on top through solar panels, saving space).

The Challenges

Currently, Claro’s customer mix is 75:25 in favour of the government with farmers contributing the rest. It is trying to make it 60:40, and eventually 50:50. While big farmers have bought into the idea, 80 per cent of farmers in Bihar have holdings of less than a hectare (2.47 acres), and the challenge is to make the set affordable for them. For irrigating one hectare,  a farmer needs a 1-HP pump and 2-kva DG set, on which he would incur diesel expenses of Rs 41,000 a year if he runs it for 1,000 hours a year. (5 hours a day for 200 days a year).

A solar system with the same pump and DG capacity will cost a farmer Rs 2.2 lakh, which he can recover in four years by saving on annual expenses of around Rs 41,000 on diesel. Claro is talking to banks and other lending agencies to try and bring in a debt package, which will bring down the upfront cost to the farmer.

States are doing their bit to promote solar pumping—Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh have come up with incentive schemes. Claro is participating in these tenders along with some other firms. Bihar’s scheme is for installation of 560 solar-powered pumps where the state is extending a 50 per cent subsidy, on top of 30 per cent extended by the Centre. Other states like Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra are mulling similar programmes. ‘‘The first three years are going to be sluggish, like it was in wind power or the capacity build-up under the National Solar Mission,” says Wahi.

In little over two years (starting in January 2011), Claro Energy posted a turnover of Rs 2.5 crore and a small net profit of Rs 6 lakh for the year ended March 2012. Getting the state governments to adopt is a huge opportunity, and the firm is looking at a pipeline of Rs 100 crore of orders from these government schemes. Claro claims gross margins 30-35 per cent, but cashflow is volatile, as a lot of it goes in giving bank guarantees (for participating in tenders) or in ramping up the payroll.

A key constraint is funding, or the lack of it, which could hurt growth. Though its model is not capex heavy — it places order for equipment when it gets one — lack of capital will inhibit its ability to grow. It doesn’t have access to working capital; a credit line of Rs 1-2 crore could do it a world of good. Banks don’t give unsecured lending, and want collateral. ‘‘We are 29-year olds with no assets. Our only access to funds is friends and family; we operate on a build-to-order model,’’ says Wahi.

Claro is in talks with VCs and hopes to rope in an investor in three-six months.

Experts say there’s demand for Claro’s solar pumping solution as costs (rentals go up sharply) and availability of DG sets during season is an issue, and enjoy states’ support. ‘‘The model is scalable but in a B2G (business to government) buisness, you need deep pockets,’’ Praneet Gupta, head of strategy, Cummins, said in his personal capacity.

Source

====================================================================================================================================================================================

Role of micro grids in promoting the renewable energy revolution needed in Bihar !

Something’s brewing in Bihar. After decades of being India’s most notoriously ‘backward’ state, the Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has tempered corruption, built roads and spurred development. Given the impressive achievements of his previous term, it’s no surprise he rode to overwhelming victory in recent elections. What is surprising is that his campaign platform consisted of more or less a single promise – to deliver electricity access to the 82% of the over 100 million inhabitants of Bihar who lack it. With little fossil fuel reserves to speak of Bihar will need to write a blueprint for a clean energy revolution to deliver on that promise.

As Shaibal Gupta, Secretary, of the Asian Development Research Institute puts it, Bihar now requires an infusion of energy to further ‘lubricate’ the wheels of development. That’s putting it lightly. Bihar faces a 30% peak power deficit (highest in the country) due to its paltry 546 MW of installed capacity – about the size of one average coal plant. Worse Bihar loses roughly 38% of the meager amount of energy it produces through transmission and distribution. That’s like taking almost half of this capacity and pouring it down a drain – while you pay for it.

The states chief minister has tried to construct new coal plants to reverse the situation but to no avail. Worse, India’s coal crisis is raging reducing the likelihood that any new coal plant Kumar is able to build will be able to secure coal at affordable rates. Add the lead time for a new coal plant (at least 5-7 years to complete) and it’s pretty clear turning to renewable energy is the only way to make good on his campaign pledge.

But these factors can be said to be true for any number of country’s still heeding conventional wisdom and dumping billions into failed grid extension efforts powered by heavily polluting coal plants. Which is why Greenpeace India has launched a campaign to push Bihar in the direction of the quickest most promising way to deliver energy access – decentralized clean energy (read their new report here). The campaign is creating the political momentum to catalyze a clean energy revolution building on the pioneering work of entrepreneurs like Husk Power and green light planet.

As a result of the campaign, coupled with the headache of securing coal, the states politicians are seriously considering committing their citizens’ future to clean energy. While that commitment is exciting in and of itself, its significance for the other 1.3 billion people around the world without access to the grid could be tremendous. Bihar has the ability to lay a blueprint for developing countries across the world looking to deliver energy access in the cheapest, fastest, most sustainable way.

More

 

 

Decentralized renewable energy (DRE) as a tool to remove energy deficit in Bihar state

The conclave is being organized by international organisation, Greenpeace, in Patna and the event is expected to focus on decentralized renewable energy (DRE) as a tool to remove energy deficit in the state. For a year now, Greenpeace has been working to implement the energy access campaign in Bihar. It has been campaigning to create political and policy champions who will support decentralised systems which will lead to renewable sources of energy generation.

Greenpeace aims to bring forth a change in the current energy system of India by means of this project and Bihar has been identified as the flag bearer for setting in motion a nationwide revolution for renewable energy. The “Bihar model” can offer a new negotiating leverage for Rio 20 conference on energy access.

According to Greenpeace, a huge investment opportunity exists in the state to make DRE an important tool for energy access. The current leadership, especially the Chief Minister of Bihar, has demonstrated a strong commitment toward renewable energy which would help in shaping the policy to enhance the investment.

The event is likely to be attended by experts from MNRE, Energy Head India (World Bank) Ashish Khanna, Moser Baer CEO Rajvardhan Ghai, Alstom Power India (country head) Sunand Sharma, Greenpeace India executive director Samit Aich, Sun Source Energy CEO Adarch Das, and head Renewable Energy Campaign (Greenpeace India) Ramapati Kumar. During the event, the Smart Energy Access Report on Bihar will be launched and showcased as potential roadmap to boost investment in the renewable energy sector to remove energy deficit. more

 

 

 

Bihar Government to soon propose new policies on renewable energy sources… 15 may 12

 

 

As said by Sushil Kumar Modi, Deputy CM of Bihar, the Bihar Government is considering to propose new policies on renewable energy sector which currently will focus on solar, biomass and hydro projects.

 

Modi, while attending Energy Revolution Bihar”, said that the government is willing to take suggestions from the renewable energy experts and make changes in its policy, if required.

 

The Energy Revolutions Bihar has been organized by Greenpeace India  to discuss the demand for a strong solar policy with mandatory targets for renewable energy (RE) purchase.

 

During the event, Modi also said that there were lots of potential in renewable energy sector in the state. He also said that he would talk to banks for make a hassle-free system for granting loan to budding entrepreneurs.

 

He further said that Government is planning to rope in the ITIs to cater to training and skills needed for renewable energy projects. more

 

 

 

 Manish Kumar said under the new policy —christened as New Energy Policy 2011— the state government has allowed many concessions to the investors on this score.

 

He said investors from abroad and in the country have shown their interest in producing energy and have submitted their proposals to the government.

Some of the investors have already started work to establish power houses in Kaimur, Dhobhi, Barachatti, Gaya, Gopalganj, Khagaria, Madhubani, Chhapra, Buxar, Chakiya, Ramnagar, Katoria and Banka districts, he said.

The companies started work after seeking permission from Bihar Industrial Promotion Board, which allowed setting up electricity producing units in different parts of the state.

Sources in the Energy Department stated that the Chaintey Partners of New York has agreed to set up power project in Kaimur to produce 10MW electricity at the cost of Rs 153 crore, while Chaucer Capital of London will set up power plant at Dobhi, Barachatti and Gaya at the cost of Rs 328 crore to generate 20 MW power.

Clailro Energy of Delhi will invest Rs 160 crore to produce 10 MW of electricity, at Gopalganj and Khagaria, the Response Renewable, Kolkata will produce 25MW at the cost of Rs 425 crore at Madhubani, Buxar and Chhapra, Moserbaer Clean energy, Delhi has invested Rs 1380 crore to generate 20, 25, 40 MW from its plants at Chakiya, Ramnagar, Katoriya and Banka respectively.

“All these companies and investors have started their leg work to set up their power plants at all these places and Bihar government expect that power generation from solar energy and other non-conventional sources of energy would start in next two years,” Kumar said.

source : http://www.igovernment.in/site/bihar-unveils-new-energy-policy

 

-------------------------------------------------------

 

State Wise DNI and Energy Conditions

Table 9:  showing the CUF at various locations.

 

Sl.

City

Average

Ambient

Crystalline

CUF

Thin film

CUF

Optimum

 

No.

 

Radiation

Temp

output

 

output

 

Tilt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Srinagar

4.10

13.6

1,337.97

15.27

1,373.51

15.68

34.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Delhi

5.09

25.1

1,611.9

18.40

1,708.4

19.50

28.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

Jodhpur

5.52

26.1

1,732.40

19.78

1,845.10

21.06

26.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Jaipur

5.52

26.1

1,741.10

19.88

1,854.40

21.17

26.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

Varanasi

4.88

25.1

1,521.90

17.37

1,609.20

18.37

25.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

Patna

4.83

25.3

1,509.80

17.24

1,596.40

18.22

25.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

Shillong

4.54

16.5

1,510.05

17.24

1,556.50

17.77

25.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

Ahmedanad

5.35

27.5

1,643.20

18.76

1,753.80

20.02

23.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

Bhopal

5.23

 

1,635.35

18.67

1,734.89

19.80

23.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

Ranchi

4.70

24.3

 

1,484.00

16.94

1,562.46

17.84

23.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

Kolkata

4.50

26.9

 

1,378.60

15.74

1,458.30

16.65

22.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

Bhavnagar

5.70

27.2

 

1,743.20

19.90

1,863.80

21.28

21.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

Nagpur

5.12

27.0

 

1,563.27

17.85

1,662.80

18.98

21.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

Mumbai

5.03

27.5

 

1,506.13

17.19

1,601.85

18.29

19.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

Pune

5.41

24.7

 

1,648.50

18.82

1,745.40

19.92

18.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

Hyderabad

5.67

26.7

 

1,706.00

19.47

1,818.70

20.76

17.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

Vishakapatnam

5.13

28.4

 

1,537.20

17.55

1,638.90

18.71

17.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

Panjim

5.50

27.4

 

1,645.87

18.79

1,756.70

20.05

15.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

Chennai

5.36

28.8

 

1,560.40

17.81

1,667.60

19.04

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

Bangalore

5.47

24.1

 

1,642.90

18.75

1,736.10

19.82

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

Port Blair

4.73

26.2

 

1,420.00

16.21

1,500.27

17.13

11.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

Minicoy

27.2

27.5

 

1,487.30

16.98

1,577.50

18.01

8.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thiruvanan‐

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

tapuram

5.41

27.3

 

1,581.30

18.05

1,682.50

19.21

8.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24

Chandrapur

5.12

27.5

 

1,562.59

17.84

1,664.87

19.01

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

Pahalgam

4.70

0.0

 

1,703.90

19.45

1,698.50

19.39

34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26

Gangapur

4.97

25.0

 

1,569.60

17.92

1,659.70

18.95

26.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27

Ludhiana

5.23

22.6

 

1,708.10

19.50

1,801.80

20.57

30.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

Manali

4.59

‐1.6

 

1,664.50

19.00

1,650.20

18.84

32.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29

Dehra Dun

5.32

11.4

 

1,837.40

20.97

1,884.20

21.51

30.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30

Churu

4.92

24.1

 

1,555.70

17.76

1,641.50

18.74

28.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31

Jaisalmer

5.17

25.9

 

1,609.10

18.37

1,708.40

19.50

26.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32

Allahbad

5.79

25.9

 

1,822.50

20.80

1,943.90

22.19

25.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33

Darjeeling

4.80

9.0

 

1,641.00

18.73

1,663.60

18.99

27.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

34

Dibrugarh

3.92

17.1

 

1,320.58

15.08

1,357.42

15.50

27.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35

Kota

5.08

25.4

1,592.70

18.18

1,686.70

19.25

25.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

36

Palanpur

5.15

26.6

1,594.80

18.21

1,694.90

19.35

24.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

37

Vadodara

5.29

27.5

1,621.60

18.51

1,730.20

19.75

22.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

38

Bhuvaneshwar

4.82

26.9

1,476.63

16.86

1,566.03

17.88

20.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

39

Ahmadnahar

5.17

25.6

1,582.70

18.07

1,678.87

19.17

19.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40

Machilipatnam

4.95

28.0

1,479.50

16.89

1,573.60

17.96

16.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

41

Mangalore

5.08

27.3

1,513.06

17.27

1,608.91

18.37

12.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

42

Coimbatore

5.12

26.2

1,512.30

17.26

1,601.90

18.29

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

43

Dindigul

5.00

24.9

1,485.40

16.96

1,566.20

17.88

10.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

44

Amini

5.76

27.4

1,690.90

19.30

1,690.90

19.30

11.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45

Jallandhur

5.39

20.4

1,766.80

20.17

1,856.30

21.19

31.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

46

Rae Bareli

5.05

24.9

1,594.80

18.21

1,687.60

19.26

26.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

47

Nadiad

5.60

28.16

1630.60

18.61

1,741.80

19.88

22.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

48

Okha

6.11

26.1

1895.30

21.64

2025.60

23.12

22.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

49

Bhatinda

5.08

23.4

1,648.70

18.82

1740.40

19.87

30.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

50

Dindigul

5.00

24.9

1501.40

17.14

1583.10

19.87

10.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

51

Siliguri

4.85

19.4

1626.00

18.56

1693.90

19.34

26.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

52

Ajmer

5.14

24.7

1633.90

18.65

1728.30

19.73

26.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It is very clear that the CUF depends not only on solar radiation level but also on air temperature.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar irradiation in Bihar:

 

 

 

 

 

Solar irradiation data of Bihar cities monthwise:

 

City

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

July

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Avg

Bhagalpur

4.13

5.26

6.2

6.57

6.48

5.36

4.37

4.33

4.06

4.82

4.57

4.07

5.02

Bihar Sharif

4.06

5.21

6.19

6.81

6.87

5.71

4.55

4.54

4.37

4.92

4.57

3.97

5.15

Darbhanga

3.95

5.21

6.32

6.84

7.04

5.85

4.61

4.7

4.45

5.03

4.61

3.93

5.21

Gaya

4.04

5.01

5.69

6.21

6.29

5.19

4.36

4.21

4.2

4.53

4.27

3.87

4.82

Munger

4.08

5.25

6.2

6.71

6.71

5.55

4.47

4.44

4.18

4.86

4.56

3.97

5.08

Muzaffarpur

3.95

5.21

6.32

6.84

7.04

5.85

4.61

4.7

4.45

5.03

4.61

3.93

5.21

Patna

4.06

5.21

6.19

6.81

6.87

5.71

4.55

4.54

4.37

4.92

4.57

3.97

5.15

Solar irradiation measured in kWh/m2/day onto a horizontal surface

 

 

 

Sun path chart program

This program creates sun path charts in Cartesian coordinates for: (1) "typical" dates of each month (i.e.; days receiving about the mean amount of solar radiation for a day in the given month); (2) dates spaced about 30 days apart, from one solstice to the next; or (3) a single date you specify. You can select whether hours are plotted using local standard time or solar time. In addition, there are a number of options available to allow you to alter the chart's appearance.

 http://solardat.uoregon.edu/SunChartProgram.html

 

From NASA

 

Solar radiation and solar geometry data from derived from satellite observations.  Provides data for anywhere in the world. 

Provides solar parameters for solar thermal, PV, solar cooking, etc. based on 10 year history for your exact location.

 

http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/sse/sse.cgi?na s01#s01

 

more 

 

 

 

 

Bihar Demographics:

Bihar is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at 38,202 sq mi (94,163 km²) and 3rd largest by population with the third most populated state of India. Nearly 85% of Bihar's population lives in rural areas.

Bihar is located between 21°-58'-10" N ~ 27°-31'-15" N latitude and between 83°-19'-50" E ~ 88°-17'-40" E longitude. Its average elevation above sea level is 173 feet (53 m).

 

1.   Historical Growth of Installed Power Generation Capacity
    (Bihar vs. All India/Other States)
     

 

  States Installed Capacity (MW)
   
SL States Hydel Thermal Gas/Wind Total
1. Maharashtra 1,625 6,917 29 7,571
2. Uttar Pradesh  1,511 4,574 - 6,085
3. Tamil Nadu 1,963 3,100 725 5,788
4. Madhya Pradesh  835 3,228 19 4,082
5. West Bengal 142 2,758 - 2,900
6. Punjab 545 2,130 - 2,675
7. Orissa 1,272 420 1 1,693
8. Bihar: Pre-Division  175 1,800 - 1,975
9. Bihar: Post-Division 44 540 - 584

 

 

 

  Per Capita Consumption
   
SL States 1994-1995 1996-1997 1998-1999
1. Punjab 759 792 861
2. Maharashtra 500 556 594
3. Tamil Nadu 430 459 498
4. Madhya Pradesh  335 367 381
5. Orrisa 333 309 313
6. West Bengal 175 194 211
7. Uttar Pradesh 204 197 196
8. Bihar 134 138 152
9. All India 320 324 360
    Bihar - Per Capita Consumption: Pre-Division - 152 Units/Year, Post-Division - 60 Units/Year.
     



 

 

 

 

 
4.   Coverage and Usage of Electricity
       Households Electrified: Bihar - 6%, All India - 35%
   
SL Village Electrification Total Villages Electrified Villages Percent
1. Bihar: Pre-Division 67,000 37,000 55.22%
2. Bihar: Post-Division 45,103 18,217 40.38%
  All India 84% Villages Electrified

 

 

Generating Capacity
   
SL Power Plants Unified Bihar Successor Bihar
    (Pre 14-11-2000) (Post 14-11-2000)
1. BSEB    
  Patratu TPS 840 (Jharkhand)
  Barauni TPS 320 320
  Muzaffarpur TPS 220 220
  Subernrekha HEP 130 (Jharkhand)
  Kosi HEP 19.2 19.2
2. BHPC    
  Hydel Projects 24.9 24.9
3. TVNL    
  Tenughat TPS 420 *
  TOTAL 1,974.1 584.1
*   TVNL is a Bihar Govt. Company under Companies Act, but the plant is located in Jharkhand. 
Govt of India assigned it to Jharkhand without any division. Govt. of Bihar has filed a suit in
the Supreme Court.


Assessment vs. Collection of Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB)
   
SL Area Boards Units Received Units Sold Percentage
    (Pre 14-11-2000) (Post 14-11-2000)  
1. PESU 1,588.10 663.76 41.80
2. Central 801.60 314.91 25.24
3. Magadh 771.30 304.28 23.46
4. Bhagalpur 523.80 249.52 47.63
5. Darbhanga 274.40 199.70 72.77
6. Kosi 428.10 200.94 46.93
7. Tirhut 578.80 276.23 47.72
  TOTAL 4,966.10 2,209.34 44.49
     

 

 

Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency (BREDA):

BREDA has been established to promote development of schemes on non-conventional energy sources. It has been nominates as nodal agency to carry out the remote village electrification programme. The state Govt. provides plan funds to BREDA for expenditure on subsidies for the schemes and also for the expenditures on establishment.

BREDA has been implementing programme for schemes of SPV systems of lanterns/home lighting systems/street lighting systems. Under the Border Area Development Programme, BREDA has implemented a scheme of solar street lighting system in 40 villages along the international border.

 

===============================================================================================

 

Solar Panels, Solar fencing, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters, Solar Lights dealers,Solar battery Chargers, Solar Batteries in Araria,District, Bihar

Company

Address          

Solar Products they deal with

Solar India Inc

"1/2 Old Palasia 105, Apollo Arcade, Indore Gpo, Indore - 452001 (Also serves  Araria, Bihar)       

Call: (0731) 2560554, 9870001401"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Complete Solar Shop

"Dindyal Associates, G. E. Road, Nr. Raipur Naka, Raipur Naka, Araria,Bihar- 491001         | View Map

Call: (0788) 2332612"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

JJ Pv Solar Pvt Ltd

"Survey No 236 Plot No 2, Near Vikas Stove Behind HargangeWaybridge, National Highway 8 B ShaparVeraval, Veraval, Rajkot - 360024 (Also serves    Araria,Bihar)        

Call: (02827) 254474, 9904803666"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

TPK Enterprises

"No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves        Araria,Bihar)       

Call: 9952427465"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Spark International

"507, Nalanda Building, Sunder Nagar, Near MTNL, S V Road, Malad West, Mumbai - 400064 (Also serves  Araria,Bihar)        

Call: 9892628799"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Navaid Energy Pvt Ltd

"C 183, Noida Sector-10, Noida - 201301 (Also serves  Araria,Bihar)        

Call: (0120) 4321413, 9999492721"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

"2030 Jash Textile Market, Near SharaDarwaja, Ring Road, Surat - 395002 (Also serves  Araria,Bihar)        

Call: (0261) 2336667, 9227455399"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Redren Energy Pvt Ltd

"Plot No G 2625, Near Kranti Gate GidcMetoda, Road D 5, MetodaGidc, Rajkot - 360003 (Also serves  Araria,Bihar)        

Call: 9925992552"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar Panels, Solar fencing, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters, Solar Lights dealers,Solar battery Chargers, Solar Batteries in Aurangabad,District, Bihar

Company

Address          

Solar Products they deal with

Radhika Electronics Solar Agency

"Parishad Bazar, Shop No. 24, Aurangabad Bihar H O, Aurangabad-Bihar - 824101 | View Map

Call: 9263580850"

Solar battery ,Solar Panels, Solar Inverters

Solar India Inc

"1/2 Old Palasia 105, Apollo Arcade, Indore Gpo, Indore - 452001 (Also serves  Aurangabad, Bihar)       

Call: (0731) 2560554, 9870001401"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Complete Solar Shop

"Dindyal Associates, G. E. Road, Nr. Raipur Naka, Raipur Naka, Aurangabad,Bihar- 491001         | View Map

Call: (0788) 2332612"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

JJ Pv Solar Pvt Ltd

"Survey No 236 Plot No 2, Near Vikas Stove Behind HargangeWaybridge, National Highway 8 B ShaparVeraval, Veraval, Rajkot - 360024 (Also serves     Aurangabad,Bihar)        

Call: (02827) 254474, 9904803666"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

TPK Enterprises

"No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves        Aurangabad,Bihar)       

Call: 9952427465"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Spark International

"507, Nalanda Building, Sunder Nagar, Near MTNL, S V Road, Malad West, Mumbai - 400064 (Also serves  Aurangabad,Bihar)        

Call: 9892628799"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Navaid Energy Pvt Ltd

"C 183, Noida Sector-10, Noida - 201301 (Also serves  Aurangabad,Bihar)         

Call: (0120) 4321413, 9999492721"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

"2030 Jash Textile Market, Near SharaDarwaja, Ring Road, Surat - 395002 (Also serves  Aurangabad,Bihar)        

Call: (0261) 2336667, 9227455399"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Redren Energy Pvt Ltd

"Plot No G 2625, Near Kranti Gate GidcMetoda, Road D 5, MetodaGidc, Rajkot - 360003 (Also serves  Aurangabad,Bihar)        

Call: 9925992552"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar Panels, Solar fencing, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters, Solar Lights dealers,Solar battery Chargers, Solar Batteries in Begusurai,District, Bihar

Company

Address          

Solar Products they deal with

Solar India Inc

"1/2 Old Palasia 105, Apollo Arcade, Indore Gpo, Indore - 452001 (Also serves  Begusurai, Bihar)       

Call: (0731) 2560554, 9870001401"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Complete Solar Shop

"Dindyal Associates, G. E. Road, Nr. Raipur Naka, Raipur Naka,  Begusurai,Bihar- 491001         | View Map

Call: (0788) 2332612"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

JJ Pv Solar Pvt Ltd

"Survey No 236 Plot No 2, Near Vikas Stove Behind HargangeWaybridge, National Highway 8 B ShaparVeraval, Veraval, Rajkot - 360024 (Also serves     Begusurai,Bihar)        

Call: (02827) 254474, 9904803666"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

TPK Enterprises

"No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves         Begusurai,Bihar)       

Call: 9952427465"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Spark International

"507, Nalanda Building, Sunder Nagar, Near MTNL, S V Road, Malad West, Mumbai - 400064 (Also serves  Begusurai,Bihar)        

Call: 9892628799"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Navaid Energy Pvt Ltd

"C 183, Noida Sector-10, Noida - 201301 (Also serves  Begusurai,Bihar)        

Call: (0120) 4321413, 9999492721"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

"2030 Jash Textile Market, Near SharaDarwaja, Ring Road, Surat - 395002 (Also serves  Begusurai,Bihar)         

Call: (0261) 2336667, 9227455399"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Redren Energy Pvt Ltd

"Plot No G 2625, Near Kranti Gate GidcMetoda, Road D 5, MetodaGidc, Rajkot - 360003 (Also serves  Begusurai,Bihar)        

Call: 9925992552"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar Panels, Solar fencing, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters, Solar Lights dealers,Solar battery Chargers, Solar Batteries in Korba,District, Chattisgarh

Company

Address          

Solar Products they deal with

Bhagat Enterprises

"Bhagat Enterprises, GolaChowk, Amarpur, Bhagat Enterprises, GolaChowk, Amarpur, Amarpur, Bhagalpur - 853201         | View Map

Call: 9748402904"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

AshishAkshayUrja

"AshishAkshayUrja, AshishAkshayUrja, Tilkamanjhi, AshishAkshayUrja, Tilkamanjhi, Bhagalpur H O, Bhagalpur - 812001         | View Map

Call: 9939457070"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Bhagalpur TV Centre

"Bhagalpur TV Centre, Bhagalpur TV Centre, D.n.singh Road, Bhagalpur TV Centre, D.n.singh Road, Bhagalpur H O, Bhagalpur - 812001         | View Map

Call: 9304277838

 

"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

M K Traders

"M K Traders, M K Traders, Lahiritola, Bhagalpur, M K Traders, Lahiritola, Bhagalpur, Bhagalpur H O, Bhagalpur - 812001         | View Map

Call: 9934914085"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Eskay& Alliance

"PhatikBabu Complex, Gurudwara Road, Bhagalpur City, Bhagalpur - 812002         | View Map

Call: 9973049001"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar Panels, Solar fencing, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters, Solar Lights dealers,Solar battery Chargers, Solar Batteries in Darbhanga,District, Bihar

Company

Address          

Solar Products they deal with

Aadarsh Enterprises

Near ICICI Bank, Radio Station Road, Darbhanga Ho, Darbhanga - 846004;Call: 9386850828

Solar panels, Solar inverters, Solar battery, Solar lantern

Solar India Inc

"1/2 Old Palasia 105, Apollo Arcade, Indore Gpo, Indore - 452001 (Also serves  Darbhanga, Bihar)       

Call: (0731) 2560554, 9870001401"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Complete Solar Shop

"Dindyal Associates, G. E. Road, Nr. Raipur Naka, Raipur Naka, Darbhanga,Bihar- 491001         | View Map

Call: (0788) 2332612"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

JJ Pv Solar Pvt Ltd

"Survey No 236 Plot No 2, Near Vikas Stove Behind HargangeWaybridge, National Highway 8 B ShaparVeraval, Veraval, Rajkot - 360024 (Also serves     Darbhanga,Bihar)        

Call: (02827) 254474, 9904803666"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

TPK Enterprises

"No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves         Darbhanga,Bihar)       

Call: 9952427465"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Spark International

"507, Nalanda Building, Sunder Nagar, Near MTNL, S V Road, Malad West, Mumbai - 400064 (Also serves  Darbhanga,Bihar)        

Call: 9892628799"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Navaid Energy Pvt Ltd

"C 183, Noida Sector-10, Noida - 201301 (Also serves   Darbhanga,Bihar)         

Call: (0120) 4321413, 9999492721"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

"2030 Jash Textile Market, Near SharaDarwaja, Ring Road, Surat - 395002 (Also serves   Darbhanga,Bihar)        

Call: (0261) 2336667, 9227455399"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Redren Energy Pvt Ltd

"Plot No G 2625, Near Kranti Gate GidcMetoda, Road D 5, MetodaGidc, Rajkot - 360003 (Also serves  Darbhanga,Bihar)        

Call: 9925992552"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar Panels, Solar fencing, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters, Solar Lights dealers,Solar battery Chargers, Solar Batteries in Gaya,District, Bihar

Company

Address          

Solar Products they deal with

S.P India

"S.p India, S.p India, Durgastahan Uudhwah Market, Gaya, S.p India, Durgastahan Uudhwah Market, Gaya, Gaya Ho, Gaya ,Bihar- 823001       

Call: (0631) 2322154"

Solar panels, Solar inverters, Solar battery, Solar lantern

M/S Nilgajan Traders

"M/S Nilgajan Traders, M/S Nilgajan Traders, Krisnganj, M/S Nilgajan Traders, Krisnganj, Gaya Ho, Gaya ,Bihar- 823001        

Call: 9431232153"

Solar panels, Solar inverters, Solar battery, Solar lantern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar Panels, Solar fencing, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters, Solar Lights dealers,Solar battery Chargers, Solar Batteries in GopalGanj,District, Chattisgarh

Company

Address          

Solar Products they deal with

Auto Centre

"Auto Centre, Auto Centre, Gopalganj, Auto Centre, Gopalganj, Gopalganj Ho, Gopalganj,Bihar - 841428         | View Map

Call: 9431812567"

Solar battery, Solar Panels,Solar inverters, Solar lights

Solar India Inc

"1/2 Old Palasia 105, Apollo Arcade, Indore Gpo, Indore - 452001 (Also serves  Gopalganj,Bihar)       

Call: (0731) 2560554, 9870001401"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Complete Solar Shop

"Dindyal Associates, G. E. Road, Nr. Raipur Naka, Raipur Naka,  Gopalganj,Bihar - 491001        

Call: (0788) 2332612"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

JJ Pv Solar Pvt Ltd

"Survey No 236 Plot No 2, Near Vikas Stove Behind HargangeWaybridge, National Highway 8 B ShaparVeraval, Veraval, Rajkot - 360024 (Also serves   Gopalganj,Bihar)        

Call: (02827) 254474, 9904803666"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

TPK Enterprises

"No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves        Gopalganj,Bihar)       

Call: 9952427465"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Spark International

"507, Nalanda Building, Sunder Nagar, Near MTNL, S V Road, Malad West, Mumbai - 400064 (Also serves  Gopalganj,Bihar)        

Call: 9892628799"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Navaid Energy Pvt Ltd

"C 183, Noida Sector-10, Noida - 201301 (Also serves  Gopalganj,Bihar)        

Call: (0120) 4321413, 9999492721"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

"2030 Jash Textile Market, Near SharaDarwaja, Ring Road, Surat - 395002 (Also serves  Gopalganj,Bihar)        

Call: (0261) 2336667, 9227455399"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Redren Energy Pvt Ltd

"Plot No G 2625, Near Kranti Gate GidcMetoda, Road D 5, MetodaGidc, Rajkot - 360003 (Also serves  Gopalganj,Bihar)        

Call: 9925992552"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar Panels, Solar fencing, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters, Solar Lights dealers,Solar battery Chargers, Solar Batteries in Jamui,District, Chattisgarh

Company

Address          

Solar Products they deal with

Solar India Inc

"1/2 Old Palasia 105, Apollo Arcade, Indore Gpo, Indore - 452001 (Also serves  Jamui, Bihar)       

Call: (0731) 2560554, 9870001401"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Complete Solar Shop

"Dindyal Associates, G. E. Road, Nr. Raipur Naka, Raipur Naka,  Jamui, Bihar- 491001         | View Map

Call: (0788) 2332612"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

JJ Pv Solar Pvt Ltd

"Survey No 236 Plot No 2, Near Vikas Stove Behind HargangeWaybridge, National Highway 8 B ShaparVeraval, Veraval, Rajkot - 360024 (Also serves    Jamui, Bihar)        

Call: (02827) 254474, 9904803666"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

TPK Enterprises

"No 603 Srm Complex, Ideal Store Backside, Perundurai Road, Erode Collectorate, Erode - 638011 (Also serves        Jamui, Bihar)       

Call: 9952427465"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Spark International

"507, Nalanda Building, Sunder Nagar, Near MTNL, S V Road, Malad West, Mumbai - 400064 (Also serves  Jamui, Bihar)        

Call: 9892628799"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Navaid Energy Pvt Ltd

"C 183, Noida Sector-10, Noida - 201301 (Also serves  Jamui, Bihar)        

Call: (0120) 4321413, 9999492721"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

"2030 Jash Textile Market, Near SharaDarwaja, Ring Road, Surat - 395002 (Also serves  Jamui, Bihar)        

Call: (0261) 2336667, 9227455399"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Redren Energy Pvt Ltd

"Plot No G 2625, Near Kranti Gate GidcMetoda, Road D 5, MetodaGidc, Rajkot - 360003 (Also serves  Jamui, Bihar)        

Call: 9925992552"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar Panels, Solar fencing, Solar Inverters, Solar Water heaters, Solar Lights dealers,Solar battery Chargers, Solar Batteries in Korba,District, Chattisgarh

Company

Address          

Solar Products they deal with

M/S Nilgajan Traders

"M/S Nilgajan Traders, M/S Nilgajan Traders, Krisnganj, M/S Nilgajan Traders, Krisnganj, Katihar Ho, Katihar - 854105         | View Map

Call: 9431232153"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Bhartiya Electronics

"Bhartiya Electronics, Bhartiya Electronics, Sharda Market, Station Road, Arrah, Dist : Bhojpur, Bhartiya Electronics, Sharda Market, Station Road, Arrah, Dist : Bhojpur, Katihar Ho, Katihar - 854105         | View Map

Call: 9431086923"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Global Enterprises

"Global Enterprises, Global Enterprises, Mirchaibari, Gerabari Road, Katihar (Bihar), Global Enterprises, Mirchaibari, Gerabari Road, Katihar (Bihar), Katihar Ho, Katihar - 854105         | View Map

Call: 9931842786"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

M.Kumar& Co

"M.kumar& Co, M.kumar& Co ., Near Basant Cinema, M.kumar& Co ., Near Basant Cinema, Katihar Ho, Katihar - 854105         | View Map

Call: 9431471777"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

Rupam Enterprises

"Rupam Enterprises, Triveni Plaza, Kalibari Road, Rupam Enterprises, Triveni Plaza, Kalibari Road, Katihar Ho, Katihar - 854105         | View Map

Call: 9955994978"

Solar battery, Solar Panels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar panel dealers in Chhapra

Entegra Limited

1003, 10th Floor, Angal Bhawan, 16th K G Marg, K G Marg, Delhi - 110001 (Also serves CHAPRA H O)

 
call:  (91)-(11)-43588640,  (91)-9212362222

 

Solar India Inc

1/2 Old Palasia, 105 Apollo Arcade, Palasia Police Station, Indore, - 452003 
call:  (91)-(731)-2560554,   (91)-9870001401

 

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

2030 Jash Textile Market, Shara Darwaja, Ring Road, SURAT - 395002 (Also serves CHAPRA HO)

call: (91)-(261)-2336667,  (91)-9227455399

 

 

Solar Panel dealers in Gaya

Entegra Limited

1003, 10th Floor, Angal Bhawan, 16th K G Marg, K G Marg, Delhi - 110001 (Also serves GAYA)  

call: (91)-(11)-43588640,  (91)-9212362222

 

Bons Light Pvt Ltd


Plot No 564 Phase-2, Vatva Railway Station, Vatva Gidc, Ahmedabad - 382445 (Also serves GAYA)

call:  (91)-(79)-40085253,  (91)-9925244220

 

Solar India Inc

1/2 Old Palasia, 105 Apollo Arcade, Palasia Police Station, Indore, - 452003

call:  (91)-(731)-2560554,  (91)-9870001401

 

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

 


2030 Jash Textile Market, Shara Darwaja, Ring Road, SURAT - 395002 (Also serves GAYA)  

call:  (91)-(261)-2336667,   (91)-9227455399

 

Solar Panel Dealers in Patna

SAI Solar

Shop No 1 Chandi Smaukta Appartment, Kankarbagh Main Road, Kankarbagh, PATNA - 800020  

call:  (91)-9162062390

 

Savino Industries


169 M I G, Kankarbagh, Kankarbagh, Patna - 800020

call:  (91)-9199405060

 

Vishal Enterprises

Kankarbagh Main Road, Kankarbagh, PATNA - 800020  

call:  (91)-9162559541

 

 

Suryaprabha Engineering


1st Floor,Sharma Niwas, Saidpur Road, Saidpur, Patna - 800004

 

call:  (91)-9905962921

 

Downer


Heera Enclave, New DAK Bunglow Road, DAK Bunglow Road, Patna - 800001

call:  (91)-9470837695

 

Solex Power System


Exhibisionn Road, Exhibition Road, PATNA - 800001  
call:  (91)-(612)-6571301

 

A K Enterprise

Gulzarbagh Belvarganj, Gulzarbagh, PATNA - 800007

call:  (91)-9386257473

 ========================================================================================================================

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bihar renewable energy policy:

This policy is known as “Bihar policy for promotion of New and Renewable Energy Sources 2011”.

This policy will be applicable to all new and renewable energy projects. The policy shall be applicable for any industry, institution private agency, partnership firm, consortia, Panchayat Raj institutions, urban local bodies, co-operative or registered society desirous of installing and generating electricity from new and renewable energy sources.

http://energy.bih.nic.in/docs/REP-2011-English.pdf

 Reform Efforts

 

Important issues involved with reform exercise included the followings:

  • Securitization of outstanding dues of CPSUs as bonds.
  • Restructuring plan prepared recommending unbundling of BSEB.
  • Setting up Regulatory Commission under the Chairmanship of a High Court Judge.
  • Energy audit at 11 KV level.
  • 100% metering of all consumers.
  • Energy audit at all level to reduce system losses.
  • Computerized billing of major towns.
  • Metering at 11 KV feeders.
  • Campaign to make new consumers.
  • Collection in rural areas through gram panchayats and user associations.
  • Feeder-wise accountability.
  • Increase in outsourcing of collection points.
  • Implementation of anti-theft laws.
  • HVDS System in selected feeders planned.
  • Franchising proposed at selected sub-stations/feeders.

Various milestones and highlights of the ongoing efforts are:

  • Power grid given turnkey responsibility to execute programme of strengthening sub-transmission system and programmes under APDRP.
  • Accelerated RE Programme to be implemented through CPSUs – Power Grid, NHPC.
  • R&M of Barauni & Muzaffarpur TPS through NTPC.
  • Implementation of Indrapuri Balancing Reservoir – 450 MW.
  • Five Pumped Storage schemes planned - 2670 MW (6 hours).

 

Annual Plan for Renewable Energy.

Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency.

For Promotion and implementation of Non- Conventional-Sources of 

Energy program and schemes the provision of Rs. 16.2860 Crs. under State Plan 

has been made for Annula Plan 2012-13.

In this program Solar lantern, solar Streat light, Solar Charging Station, 

Solar water pumping, Tharuhat Solar lantern distribution program schemes are to 

be taken.

Out of total out-lay for Energy sector and amount of Rs. 16.2860 Crs. is 

being proposed for New and Renewable Energy Schemes during 2012-13 which 

are as follows :-

Sl.

no

Name of the Schemes No Fund required in 

2012-13

1 Solar lantern 10000 1.50

2 Solar street light 1000 0.96

3 Solar charging station 25 0.50

4 Solar water pumping 500 7.75

5 Tharhut solar lantern distribution 2000 0.60

6 Mushhar development program street light 1660 4.9760

                                                                      Total 15185 16.2860 Crs 

Solar Power Projects in Bihar:

Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency (BREDA) has been implementing programme of non-conventional energy sources for schemes are bio-gas development, SPV systems of lanterns/Home lighting systems/Street lighting systems, and wind mills. Under the Border Area Development Programme, BREDA has implemented a scheme of solar street lighting system in 40 villages along the international border.

Determination of Generic Levelised Generation Tariff under the Regulations Bihar Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for Tariff Determination from Solar Energy Sources) Regulations, 2010.

The cost parameters as specified in the “Bihar Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for Tariff Determination from Solar Energy Sources) Regulations, 2010” was considered by the Commission to determine the generic levelised tariff for power generated from solar PV, Rooftop Solar PV and small solar power plants

Cost parameters considered by commission for levelised tariff determination:

Capital cost (Rs. Crores/MW) – 16.90

Capacity utilization factor – 19%

Useful life /Life of the machine - 25 yrs.

Debt: equity ratio - 70:30

Loan repayment period - 10 yrs.

Interest on loan - 13.39%

Interest on Working Capital - 12.89%

O&M expenses - Rs 9.51 lakhs per MW with annual escalation of 5.72%

Depreciation - 1 to 10 yrs – 7%, 11 to 25 yrs – 1.33%

Residual value - 10% of capital cost

Return on equity (pre-tax) - 19% - for first 10 yrs, 24% - from 11th yr to 25 yr

The generic levelised tariffs determined for above mentioned Solar PV power projects based on the capital cost and other norms applicable for the projects commissioned in the year 2010-11 on or after the date of notification of the “Bihar Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for Tariff Determination from Solar Energy Sources) Regulations, 2010”, shall be applicable for such projects commissioned during March 31, 2013 and shall be valid for a tariff period of 25 years from the Commercial Operation Date (COD).

The generic levelised tariff shall be as:

Solar PV power projects including Rooftop Solar PV and Small Solar Power Projects – Levelised tariff (17.91Rs./Kwh), Levelised benefit of accelerated depreciation of availed (2.96Rs./Kwh), Net levelised tariff after adjustment for accelerated depreciation (14.95Rs./Kwh)

Levelised tariff for solar thermal power projects:

 

http://www.berc.co.in/media/Other Order/Generic Levelised Generation Tariff-Order.pdf

"I know people take solar energy as a joke but I will strictly implement it here," said Nitish, Chief Minister, Bihar

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-05-09/patna/29524409_1_solar-energy-solar-power-system-anne-marg 

 

Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency

3rd Floor, Sona Bhawan,

Birchandra Patel Marg,

Patna-800 001

Tel- 0612-2233572/2228734

http://www.sdabeebreda.com/sda.htm

 

Energy Department, Govt. of Bihar

http://energy.bih.nic.in/

Key Contacts:

Secretary, Energy Dept. - Tel: (0612)-2217412. Fax: 2232852. E-Mail: energy-bih@nic.in

Additional Secretary, Energy Dept. - Tel: (0612)-2222968. Fax: (0612)-2232852.

Director, BREDA - Tel: (0612)-2228734. Fax: (0612)-2233572.

Chairman, Bihar State Electricity Board - Tel: (0612)-2225036. Fax: 2222968. 

Website: http://www.bseb.org

CMD, BHPC - Tel: (0612)-2224069. Fax: 2227692. Website: http://www.bshpcltd.com

 


Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB) - Profit/Loss
  

Items 2000-01
 
2001-02
(Prov.)
2002-03
(Prov.)
2003-04
(A.P.)
2003-04
(R.E.)
2004-05
(A.P.)
 Bihar Unified Successor Successor Successor Successor Successor
Net operating surplus/
deficit after interest on
Institutional Creditors
(473.56) (498.84) (599.22) (447.40) (672.25) (737.59)
Commercial Profit
(Rs. in Crores)
(1,098.60) (886.82) (1,066.68) (447.40) (1,200.48) (1,319.44)

   4. Bihar State Hydroelectric Power Corporation (BSHPC)  Commissioned Projects:  

Name District Capacity (MW)
Dehri Rohtas 6.6
Valmiki Nagar West Champaran 15.0
Barun Aurangabad 3.3
Kataiya Supaul 19.2
Total   44.1 MW

  18 small hydro projects are under construction and scheduled to be commissioned by June 2006.  17 out of 18 projects are being constructed with loan from NABARD.  

Financial Year Income Expenditure Operating Profit
2003-2004 977.12 467.39 509.73
2002-2003 1,037.17 400.91 636.26
2001-2002 1,075.54 351.67 723.87

  Source: www.bshpcltd.com(Rs. in Lakhs)

Part III



Solar Business Opportunities in Bihar:



The Solar business opportunities mentioned below are not specific to Bihar. They are industry specific opportunities. 



Polysilicon manufacturing



Polysilicon is used to manufacture crystalline wafers. Around a quarter of the cost of a Crystalline module goes just for polysilicon.



The Ministry is providing soft loan at 5% annual interest rate through IREDA for setting up manufacturing facilities for manufacture of poly silicon material, silicon ingots and wafers, solar cells or integrated solar cell-module plants. No soft loan is available for setting up manufacturing unit for module manufacture or PV system manufacture. The proposals are considered by IREDA as per their lending and project appraisal norms. The details of the scheme are available with IREDA.  

http://www.mnre.gov.in/spv-fin.htm



 



High R&D or commodity manufacturing? - Commodity manufacturing



Bottlenecks/threats - High capital requirements, high energy input requirements and long-term supply contracts could be deterrents to new entrants.

 

Competition - The industry is dominated by a few companies that supply around 90% of the total polysilicon market. Some of the prominent companies are Hemlock, OCI, Wacker Chemie Tokuyama, REC (subsidiary SGS and ASiMI), and MEMC



Market size - The world market of polysilicon has been growing 30-40% annually since 2004, primarily from the growth in solar PV industry. The market size of the solar cell polycrystalline silicon market in 2009 was $5.13 billion.



Supply and demand - Following undersupply since past few years, polysilicon production capacity entered a fast-growth phase in 2009, which resulted in an oversupply situation, in response to increase in production capacity and growth in demand from the end markets. It is forecasted that the demand for polysilicon will continue to increase at more than ten percent for the period 2010 to 2012. Polysilicon oversupply will also trigger a long term decline in its prices, which peaked to the highest levels in 2008 in response to its supply shortage.

 

Indian scenario - Companies such as Lanco, Bhaskar Solar, Tata BP Solar and Acharya are reportedly setting up polysilicon manufacturing plants in India, though these are pretty much early days for polysilicon in India.

 

It is not advisable to enter into this market at present. That is why I have not even updated some of the information given above. Everyone needs to know that Polysilicon manufacture is an opportunity for those in the solar industry.

 

 

Ingot and wafer manufacturing



The process of melting polysilicon into ingots and subsequently cutting them into wafers is wedged between polysilicon production and cell manufacturing.

 

Yet, it is a distinct process that does not require physical proximity to upstream or downstream processing. Consequently, some companies specialize in just doing that. Typically, ingot and wafer manufacturing are done by the same company.



Type of entrepreneurs /investors who can benefit - Companies that have been operating in metal cutting and finishing, abrasives and related industries could be ideally suited to enter this segment.



This too is avoidable. 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Solar Cell Manufacturing:



Cell manufacturing involves creating the all-important pn-junction, coating and layering. It is an important step in the value chain that is responsible for about 15% of a solar PV module cost and it is here where significant technical differentiation is created.

Avoidable 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Crystalline Cell Manufacturing:



Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - Ingot and wafer manufacturers who are keen on forward integration can exploit this opportunity.



Scale of investment - Medium-Large. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell plant is US$1-1.25 million/MW for crystalline silicon and US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films. The minimum economical size for a solar cell factory is about 20 MW.

 

Avoidable

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thin-film Solar Cell Manufacturing



Manufacturing thin-film modules comprises depositing photovoltaic material on a substrate, structuring it into cells to form an electric circuit and wire and frame it depending on application. The key suppliers for the thin-film industry are chemical companies that produce high-purity metals such as CdTe, GaAs etc. The supply chain is less constrained than that for polysilicon (used in crystalline solar) and therefore much more reliable. This industry experiences a diverse mix of big-hitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. Companies with a long-term vision should start investing in this field.



Type of entrepreneurs / investors who can benefit - Chemical companies that produce high-purity metals such as CdTe, GaAs are in a good position to exploit this opportunity. Glass manufacturers are also in a good position to exploit this opportunity. Equipment firms that have traditionally supplied printing machinery or manufacturing equipment to the semiconductor and display industry see the burgeoning thin film industry as a potentially lucrative market, especially as their hardware can often be easily adapted to manufacture thin film cells and panels. At the same time, these equipment manufacturers are not finding it that easy to enter the TFPV space because module manufacturers are choosing to design and build proprietary equipment rather than buy it in.

 

Scale of investment - This industry experiences a diverse mix of big-hitters (Sharp), start-up companies and universities. A rule of thumb guide to the capital investment in building a solar cell plant is US$1-1.25 million/MW for crystalline silicon and US$ 2 million/MW or more for thin films. The minimum economical size for a solar cell factory is about 20 MW.

 

High R&D or commodity manufacturing? - Opportunities exist for R&D and innovation in this exciting sector. Prominent segments where significant innovation possibilities exist are: efficiency, new thin film materials, design and process.

 

Bottlenecks/threats/barriers - For development and small-scale production, there are few barriers, as companies like Aja International specialize in providing small-scale sputtering equipment. However, when scale becomes important, access to capital might become a barrier.

 

Competition - This is a very dynamic segment with lots of startup companies, some venture-funded. There are also a number of companies that also produce crystalline technologies. Those companies tend to be in the amorphous silicon thin-film segment. The organic photovoltaics segment is mostly covered by research institutes rather than private companies.

 

Market size - The production volume has increased steadily as 165MW in 2007 and 357 MW in 2008. The share of thin films is expected to increase significantly and expected to reach about 25% of total in 2013. (EPIA data).

 

Supply and demand - The thin film solar cell production reached a consolidated figure of 1.68 GW in 2009 out of the total 3.58 GW capacity available, indicating that there is some amount of surplus capacity. However, the demand supply gap could look very different in future with enhanced offtake of thin film world over.

 

Indian scenario - There are only a few Indian companies such as Moser Baer and HHV Solar that make thin film solar cells. A few others such as Kirloskar are also exploring this field.



First solar, Abound solar, GE's Primestar etc will soon find inroads into India.

CIGS, CdTe and amorphous silicon a-si are the three types.

NOT Worthwhile pursuing opportunity



First solar, Abound Solar, Primestar of GE are the companies to associate with.

It is a difficult manufacturing process. 

You may also want to study the below given not yet proven cos.

Miasole, (counselled by Intel)

Heliovolt, 

Nanosolar,

SoloPower

Stion

Solar frontier,

Sulfurcell, 

AQT

Telio,

Global solar

ISET

Odersun,

Wuerth Solar etc 

 

All the above are CIGS manufacturers. Some of them are startups and you need to study their production process and record well.



May make sense to tie up with any one of them, who is doing well, now, than going in of your own manufacturing. 



CdTe thin film companies are CdTe: Abound Solar, Primestar, Solexant, Bloo Solar, Willard and Kelsey, Xunlight26



a-Si - Sharp solar 



Ascent solar tipped to have the highest upside in the stock market is another company to watch out for.

 

As per the JNNSM guidelines, thin film can be imported for its Phase I Batch I and II as there are no manufacturers.

 

Some of the thin films have been found pretty efficient in India. Viz First Solar.



To repeat 

NOT

Worthwhile pursuing opportunity First solar a leading player in the thin film industry was trading in the stock market for $ 140 last year and is now at $ 14 per share. So AVOID

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

CSP 



CSP is an umbrella term for CSTP and CPV.

That is the way I am taking it. 

The purists may not agree.

For the purpose of this note, it is fine to define CSP as above.



In concentrating PV (CPV), concentrators use optics to concentrate sunlight onto a small area of solar cells, thus allowing for a decrease in cell size. Because a CPV module needs less cell material than a traditional PV module, it is cost effective to use higher quality cells to increase efficiency. However, the technology makes up a very small portion of the solar industry.

 

CPV system manufacturers assemble the solar cells, concentrator unit and heat sink to form a module. Where applicable, companies will either integrate a tracking device or offer it as a separate product for free-standing module installations.

 

CPV is currently quite R&D driven, with a number of innovations taking place in this area. The types of entrepreneurs who will find this domain suitable are those who have scientific R&D backgrounds and have access to funds for significant R&D investments.



As a rather recent technology (being commercialized), there are new entrants, many of whom are venture funded. Some of the prominent ones are: Amonix (California), SolFocu (California), GreenVolts (San Francisco), Concentrix Solar (Germany) etc.



CSP



Interesting opportunity area for large companies. Very soon India will need utility scale solar energy plants with molten salt so that they can provide electricity 24 hours. As per the Renewables Purchase Obligation, RPO, all utilities are expected to buy 0.25 % every year and that is a considerable amount for each state. 

 

This is the only solar technology that allows for storage naturally. Since the solar radiation is indirectly converted to electricity, there is an opportunity to store the collected heat in molten salts, before converting the heat to electricity.

 

The cost of setting up the molten salt system is exorbitant.



The common understanding is CSP is cheaper than PV due to the use of off-the-shelf, commodity components like mirrors, turbine, etc. It also was known to have higher efficiencies in solar to electricity conversion (~15%).



Due to the global oversupply in PV panels and reduced demand due to the financial crisis, the prices of the panels have drastically reduced. On the efficiency front, the PV at 15-20% efficiency is typical now, further adding the cost parity. The result is that PV is now at parity or close to parity with CSP. One western region utility claimed that they pay 0.16 c/Kwh for CSP and 0.14 c/Kwh for PV. This difference was attributed to the timing of the PPAs; generally the difference is not significant anymore.

 

A CSP project in USA has shifted to PV. Actually it is world's largest project that has shifted from CSP to PV

 

http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nithya/blogs/7417

 

BHEL has tied up with a CSP major. 

 

The ability to provide “firm power” is a clear advantage of CSP at this time. Due to the output being provided by a steam turbine (and not directly from the field) and a ~2 hour built-in buffer in the trough technology, small variations in the in insolation do not affect the turbine output – like a passing cloud.



CSP will also be needed for many townships, industrial estates etc 



Large companies which want to take less risk and are happy with predictable rewards can go for this. 



Here are a list of CSP companies with a note for each of them. You may want to work with one of the best, than go it alone.

 

Abengoa SAAcciona EnergiaAcquasolAmonixAora, Archimede Solar EnergyArxiel VenturesAusra Inc.Bright Source EnergyCapital Sun GroupCircadian SolarConcentrix SolarCool Earth SolarEnelEnter-t GlobalEPURONeSolar, Fichtner Solar GmbHFlabeg, FlagsolFPL EnergyGiuseppe FarinaGlobal Warming Solutions,Green & Gold EnergyGreenVoltsHelioDynamicsHelioFocus, Hiro Energy Tech LimitedHuiYin-GroupIndustrial Solar Technology Corp.Infinia CorporationInternational Automated SystemsISFOCIsofotonKraftenlagen MunchenKernenergienLauren Engineers & ConstructorsMAN FerrostaalMENA CleantechMenova Energy Inc.Microsharp Corporation LimitedMubadala Development CompanyM W Zander GmbHNaanovo EnergyNew power IndiaNokraschy EngineeringNOVATEC BioSol AG,  Nur EnergieOpen Energy CorporationPSE AGPyron Solar Inc.Renovalia EnergySchlaich Bergermann und PartnerSchott Solar Thermal / Schott UKSenior BerghöferSolar XXISkyFuel Inc,  Silicon CPVSolar EuromedSolar & Environmental Technologies CorporationSolarReserveSolFocus,Soliant EnergySolar Heat and Power IncSolargenix EnergySolar Millennium AGSolar Power Group , SolarsphereSolar SystemsSolar Trust of America LLCSolel Solar SystemsSolFocusSolucarSopogy,SunBorne EnergySunpower,  Sunstroom Energy LtdSustainable Resources Inc.Stirling Energy SystemsTorresol EnergyTsugino Co.Whitfield SolarWizard Power Pty LtdWorley Parsons 

 

In my ranking, following are the companies to look upto Bright source Energy , Solar Millennium , Abengoa , Areva , Siemens, Acciona, SolarReserve, eSolar, Schott, etc., 

 

But then there is no clear basis for my selection. 



Viability / grid parity is a question as far as CSP is concerned. It will take a little longer than PV.

 

Spain’s track record sends an encouraging message to newer entrants in the CSP market from India to South Africa and beyond. When Spain started building plants in 2007, the first plants such as PS10 and Andasol 1 were highly dependent on imports of foreign supplies, requiring at least 50% of the requisite parts to be sourced from abroad. The plants that went online in 2010 were built with around 80% of components from Spanish companies. 

 

If in doubt, read more http://www.csptoday.com/csp-markets-report/

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Solar Module Production - Solar PV module manufacturing involves assembling the cells into a module to form an electric circuit. This is the last manufacturing step before it is distributed to wholesalers.



Indian scenario - There are about 35 companies in India that produce crystalline solar modules.



Avoidable. Dont enter now.

The market is crowded. 



China is doing predatory pricing. It will swallow even local manufacturers, if they are not quick. 

 

You may want to talk to some of the present module manufacturers in India:

 

Access Solar Ltd.
http://www.accesssolar.co.in/home.html

 

Ajit Solar Pvt Ltd.

http://www.ajitsolar.com/ 

 

Alpex Solar
http://alpexsolar.com/

Ammini Group
http://www.ammini.com/

Amro Technology Pvt Ltd.
http://www.amrotechnology.com/profile.html

 

Andromeda Energy Technologies Ltd.
http://www.andromedasolar.com/

 

Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL)
http://www.bhel.com/home.php

 

Central Electronics Limited (CEL)
http://www.celindia.co.in/

 

Chemtrols Solar Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.chemtrolssolar.com/

 

Ecosol Power Pvt. Ltd
http://ecosolpower.com/home.html

 

ELECTROMAC Solar Systems PVT. LTD
http://www.enf.cn/pv/12787a.html

 

Emmvee Photovoltaic
http://www.emmveesolar.com/

 

Empire Photovoltaic Systems PVT Ltd



GreenBrilliance Energy Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.greenbrilliance.com/

 

HHV Solar Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.hhvsolar.com/

 

ICOMM Tele Limited
http://www.icommtele.com/

 

India Solar Solutions
http://www.solarindiasolutions.com/

 

KCP Solar Industry
http://www.kcpsolar.com/

 

Kotak Urja Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.kotakurja.com/

 

LANCO
http://www.lancogroup.com/

 

Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.maharishisolar.com/

 

Microsun
http://www.microsuntech.com/

 

Modern Solar
http://www.modernsolar.com.au/index.aspx

 

Moser Baer Photo Voltaic Limited
http://www.moserbaersolar.com/

 

Neety Euro-Asia Solar Energy
http://www.nease.in/

 

Novergy Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.novergy.co.in/

 

Photon Energy System Ltd.
http://www.photonsolar.com/

 

PHOTONIX Solar Private Limited
http://www.photonixsolar.com/

 

PLG Power Limited
http://www.plgpower.com/

 

Premier Solar Systems Pvt Ltd
http://www.premiersolarsystems.com/

 

PV Power Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.pvpowertech.com/

 

Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Ltd. (REIL)
http://www.reiljp.com/

 

Rashmi Industries
http://www.rashmisolar.com/

 

Reliance Solar Group
http://www.relsolar.com/

 

SahajSolar Power Pvt Ltd.
http://www.enf.cn/pv/13208c.html

 

Shreyansh Electronics
http://shreyanshindia.com/

 

Solar Semiconductor Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.solarsemiconductor.com/asia/index.html

 

Solkar Solar Industry Limited

http://www.solkar.in/index.php

 

Sunrise Technology
http://www.sunrisetechnologies.com/

 

Sova Power

http://sovasolar.com/

 

Sun Energy Systems
http://www.sunenergysystems.in/home.htm

 

Sun Solar Techno Limited

http://sunsolartechno.com/

 

Sungrace Energy Solutions (P) Ltd
http://sungrace.net/

 

Vksolar
http://www.indiamart.com/vksolar/

 

Surana Ventures Ltd.
http://www.suranaventures.com/

 

Synergy Renewable Energy Pvt. Ltd
http://www.group-synergy.net/

 

Tata BP Solar India Ltd.
http://www.tatabpsolar.com/

 

Titan Energy Systems Ltd.
http://www.titansolar.com/titan/

 

Topsun Energy Ltd.
http://www.topsunenergy.com/

 

Udhaya Energy Photovoltaics (P) Ltd. (UPV Solar)
http://www.upvsolar.com/

 

Udhaya Semiconductors Limited (KL Solar Company Pvt. Ltd)
http://www.uslsolar.com/

 

Waaree Energies Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.waareeenergies.com/

 

Websol Energy Systems Ltd.
http://www.webelsolar.com/

 

XL Telecom & Energy Ltd 

http://www.xlenergy.co/



If you are already a module manufacturer, it makes sense for you to enter power generation. 

 

And to enter Rooftop solar. 

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Other Opportunities in Solar energy in India and Bihar are



*Ground Zero opportunity 

 

Roof top solar!

 

It is a very good opportunity and there are opportunities for very large companies as well as for medium sized companies and individuals to get into business. 



As an individual you can start a business as an Installer. 



You will have a few well trained / skill trained employees working under you. 



At the small, residential scale, there are practically no barriers to entry.  



There is a wealth of training material available, both in person and online which enables even a one-man contractor to become fit enough to install roof top solar. 

 

At the larger, commercial scale, the main barrier to entry is capital, expertise in management, in sales, etc., 



You will install solar modules in a rooftop as per your Integrator's instructions.



An Installer is someone who is technically minded and can manage a few people or if you can manage many people at a time, then you become an area Installer. 



The installer model is somewhat like a conventional contractor model.  Gross margins are thin, from 15 to 30%. Residential Rooftop systems typically receiving larger margins than commercial. 



Because commercial jobs will be invariably got thru an Integrator or an EPC contractor.



It is an opportunity for domestic module manufacturers to get into.

The opportunity exists for 

Installers

Area Installers

District Installers

Integrators

Area Integrators

District Integrators

Regional companies - covering a few states having similar policies

 

National companies 

 

The Installers can choose to work on their own or under the National companies, Regional companies, District integrators, District Installers, etc., 

 

The market will evolve as fragmented and unstructured to begin with and will get consolidated. 



You can get more information about types of Installers in Rooftop solar business models.

 

An integrator is someone who deals with the customer, Electricity board, etc



Then there will be a company. Either a national company or a regional company which deals with the Gov, electicity board, corporates etc, 

 

You can read all about them in Rooftop solar business models

 

And Rooftop solar technology types http://www.eai.in/club/users/Nitin/blogs/6670



Rooftop solar is a viable alternative and the prices / tariff in each state will soon help bring about grid parity and the sooner you get into it, the sooner you will reap the benefits.



Rooftop solar comes about in many forms. For example a captive power plant may need a rooftop solar solution as a part of it. 



Diesel to Renewables may need rooftop solar solution.

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Business possibilities with MNRE 

 

RESCO, 

System integrator, 

Financial Institution, 

Financial Integrator and 

Program Administrator

Each of the above is an opportunity

 

 

Implementation of off-grid solar PV project under JNNSM

FAQ

 

1. What is the Procedure to register as Channel Partner?

 

There are 5 types of channel partners and they can participate in the programme through the following procedure:

 

A  RESCO is a entity which would install, own & operate RE systems and provide energy services to consumers. These entities may tie up with FIs for accessing the financial support under the scheme. These are in fact the only entities which would approach the MNRE on their own. CRISIL is in the process of putting in place a system of accreditation. From September 2010 these entities could approach either CRISIL, CARE or FITCH to have themselves accredited and if they meet the minimum requirements laid down by MNRE they would be in a position to approach the Project Appraisal Committee (PAC) with their proposal for a in principle approval. 

 

The PAC would then provide the entity “in principle “approval and allow it to move forward with the implementation. The PAC would also specify that on completing the project, 50% of the funds would be made available automatically and the remaining on completing monitoring. 

 

As far as the Financial Institutions as channel partner is concerned, a comprehensive re-finance scheme has already been notified by IREDA.  The SPV Division has also floated an EoI, wherein they have received over 80 applications from entities interested in partnering in the bank led scheme.  

 

The SPV Division would shortlist the manufacturers region-wise or across the country depending on the strength of their existing after-sales network.  The division will also identify various products after verifying how each of the laid down by MNRE, and then along with product is meeting the standards laid  NABARD, design a pre-approved scheme which will allow RRBs to proceed with the lending for the above identified products and empanelled manufacturers.   It is highlighted that the process of empanelling both the manufacturers and products would be an ongoing process in order to make sure that if there are new players who meet the requisite standards can also be appropriately empanelled. This process it is hoped will result in enabling NABARD to announce their pre-approved scheme to all the financial institutions, which have a re-finance agreement with them.  IREDA will, after signing the agreement in Mumbai on 25th August, place token funds with NABARD to initiate the implementation of this scheme.   

 

System integrators can approach the PAC; with their project in the formats finalise to seek an ‘in principle’ approval.  Since these are entities that would first interact with their market and build a project based on the tentative orders that they have been provided by their clients, the PAC would appraise the project on three basic parameters:-

 

(i) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. 

 

(ii) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE.

 

(iii) O&M Plan.

 

System integrators would however need to approach bank/banks who would be willing to have a three way tie up with their clients, themselves and the bank.  The bank/banks would also need to have a re-finance agreement in place with IREDA, NHB or NABARD.  Based on the ‘in principle’ approval, the bank would be in a position to provide the lending support to the clients that have been identified by the system integrators.  It is envisaged that both the capital and interest subsidy would flow to the beneficiaries of the scheme only through the banking channel. Requisite arrangements for providing this flow have already been clearly delianated in the re-finance scheme notified by IREDA.

 

Financial integrators are entities who need to enter into a tri-partite agreement before coming to MNRE. This tripartite agreement has to be between the manufacturers/service providers, financial integrators and any other financial institutions, which is willing to support this kind of a business model.  It is envisaged that the financial integrators would approach the PAC with details of their financial model as well as the product or service that they wish to provide through this financial/business model.  

 

The PAC would appraise the project on the following parameters: 



(i) Details of how parameters of quality would be met as per the standards specified by MNRE.

 

(ii) The ability of the entity to implement the project in terms of the skill set of their personnel. 

 

(iii) O&M Plan.

 

(iv) Financial/business models and its viability.



It is expected that the financial integrators would also tie up with a schedule commercial bank in India so that the subsidy both capital and interest can flow through the banking channel and would be covered under the re-finance scheme of IREDA.



In so far as the implementation of the scheme through programme administrators is concerned, there is complete clarity in how to move forward. 



Formats for both SPV and Solar Thermal have also been prepared.



2. How to submit a project proposal?

 

Formats for submission of proposal are given on the Website of the Ministry. 

 

Two sets are required to be submitted to PAC.3. How the project will be approved?

 

Once the proposal of the channel partner is received an in- principle approval from PAC will be given within a maximum of 45 days. In case additional information is required PAC will inform within 30 days. After full information is received proposal will be cleared in two weeks.



4. What is the subsidy disbursal mechanism?



The release of funds for the project shall be back ended as reimbursement on completion and verification thereof. However for progamme administrators, the release of funds could be front ended, with installments of 70% on sanction and 30% on completion. However, this could be extended to other entities on provision of appropriate sureties. In respect of credit linked capital subsidy and interest subsidy the scheme would be implemented through IREDA, which will be  the designated Nodal agency for disbursement of funds.



5. Procedure for accreditation for channel partner/ financial integrator/ systems integrator/RESCO? 

 

As above in (1)



6. Can NGOs directly approach MNRE for implementation of projects?

 

Only the NGOs who have already been working closely with MNRE can access the scheme directly. Otherwise, the NGOs should collaborate with SNAs. 



7. Whether lighting systems to be provided should be certified by SEC or other test centers?

 

Compliance to standards is mandatory. Certificate from test centres will help in this regard and should be provided to ensure complainace.



8. What is the policy on local content of modules, batteries and other balance of systems in off grid programme?

 

The scheme requires the project proponents to strictly adhere to the national/international standards specified by the Ministry from time to time.  The Use of imported complete PV systems is not permitted under the scheme. 

 

However, use of imported components of a complete PV system is permitted, subject to adequate disclosure and compliance to specified quality norms and standards.

 

The minimal technical requirements and Quality Standards in respect of the off-grid SPV power plants/ systems are given in Annexure-3 of the scheme for solar off-grid applications. These will come into effect from 1st September 2010 to allow sufficient time to the SPV industry to gear up for the same.



9. What are financial limits assigned to channel partners?

 

The financial limits will get decided based on the ability of the channel partner to deliver the implementation of the project within a period of 1 year. But the PAC would not accept any proposal of value less than Rs One crore or 30 kWp. Less than this amount would need to be aggregated at State level.



10. Whether commercial entities can avail accelerated depreciation?

 

The commercial entities can claim all the benefits, which are presently available for renewable energy applications, including solar, under the Income tax act and other notifications, subject to fulfillment of the conditions.



11. Whether any channel partner interested only in capital subsidy whom should he approach?

 

Only accredited channel partner and Programme administrators can access ‘only capital ‘subsidy. The commercial entities can access either capital subsidy or interest subsidy. They should approach a channel partner to avail subsidy.



12. Whether RESCOs require any permission from Electricity boards to produce power?

 

Guidelines under the Electricity Act,2003 and the extant regulations of that particular State will need to be read in conjunction to determine the process for captive power generation.



13. Whether any new technologies invented any where can be introduced in the programme?

 

The Ministry could provide up to 100% CFA for undertaking pilot and demonstration projects through manufacturers and other organizations for demonstrating new and innovative applications of solar systems. The maximum CFA that would be permissible under this provision would be up to Rs 1 crore. The PAC would evaluate the proposal based on parameters like – new applications for solar (not merely using solar as a power source), possibility of reduction of cost of BoS or system design improvement, or a new concept etc.

 

You can get all this from http://www.mnre.gov.in/pdf/FAQ_offgrid_solar.pdf

 

You can discuss your suggestions/ questions etc in the comments column at the bottom of this blog.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

* Floating solar plants.



There are three companies namely Sunengy in New southwhales, Australia, Solarsis Synergy in France/ ciel-et-terre.net/ and SGPsolar in California, USA.



They have different methods of achieving solar power from floating solar panels, solar plants, etc.



They all use captured water bodies.



India has 30000 sq km of captured water bodies.



If even 1 % of that area is utlised - it will equal 1500 large coal plants.



Tata's have tied up with Sunengy, which has a patented technology called LSA.



With the other two companies, entrepreneurs/ companies from India can seek to have a tie up.



There is a solar business opportunity in terms of research for the research minded.



All about this opportunity http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1170



Tatas have already started building a floating solar plant with Sunengy, somewhere near Pune.

 

There is another company in Punjab doing this.

 

There is a clear opportunity for big companies to tie up with Solaris Synergy and or SGP solar in California USA.

 

http://ciel-et-terre.net/floating-photovoltaic/



This is the French company.

 

I have been recommending these companies for a long time.

 

 

 

 

NOW, SGP solar has been ranked as one of  the fastest growing private company in usa. 

 

Or you can fund research in this area. 

Floating solar plants 

 

Great opportunity: For large companies, with deep pockets. 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Business Possibilities thru MNRE in Villages 



Manufacture / market solar lanterns, solar home systems, Street lighting system, stand alone power plants, solar pumps. The details of the incentives are given below.



It may make sense for individuals to tie up with large cos that manufacture these. Or better still become an agent for a large company that manufacture these products and market them.

 

Pattern of Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for SPV Systems:



SPV System

CFA for General Category States

CFA for Special Category States

Administrative Charges

Solar lanterns (10W module, 7W CFL)

Nil

Rs. 2,400

Rs.100

Solar Home System – Model 1 (18W module, 1 light)

Rs. 2,500

Rs. 4,500

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 2 (37W module, 2 lights)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 3 (37W module, 1 light, 1 Fan)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 4(74W module, 2lights, 1 Fan)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Solar Home System – Model 5(74W module, 4lights)

Rs. 4,800

Rs. 8,660

Rs. 200

Street Lighting Systems – (74W module, 1-2 lamps)

Rs. 9,600

Rs. 17,300

-

Stand alone power plant of capacity more than 1Kwp

Rs. 1,25,000/KWp

Rs. 2.25,000/KWp

Rs. 10,000

Stand alone power plants of capacity more than 10Kwp with distribution line

Rs. 1,50,000/KW

Rs. 2,70,000/KW

Rs. 10,000

Solar Pumps

Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system

Rs. 30/Wp, subject to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/- per system

 

 

For business opportunities about Solar Home lights, Solar Street lights, specifications, visit here

 

http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/540

 

Good Opportunity. Aleady players are active. Both manufacturing and trading opportunities exist.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* A low cost solar energy solution for the Indian industries



Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes, SHIP for short,  the Market in India, the Business, the Opportunity, Cost Advantage of Solar Process Heat



The market for industrial heat in boilers is estimated to be 26 billion US dollars per 

annum in USA alone.

 

Solar steam produced is estimated to cost $ 4.60 per MBTU compared to average cost of natural gas powered steam of about $ 6 to $ 10 per MBTU.



This estimate is as per one the companies in Solar Heat for Industrial processes (SHIP).



Indian entrepreneurs should take up such projects that cut down co2 emission and is less expensive.



There are several companies that are into SHIP in USA. One of them claims that their process is CO2 emission free. Obviously because they use solar energy.



The company also claims a reduction in the cost by as much as 50 %.  



That is a lot. Those interested must act fast.

 

Solar Heat for Industrial Purposes

(SHIP)



You can discuss your suggestions, ideas, questions 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Captive power plants.



Many factories, companies, office complexes, textile factories, cement factories, sugar mills and many other small and medium industries need back up power.



What is being talked about as an opportunity is this back up power. Actually already many companies in India already have captive power generation. But there a lot more number of companies in India which can benefit from this captive power plant from solar energy.



There are some financial benefits and also the benefits of RECs otherwise known as Renewable Energy Certificates which are tradeable. There is good report on this at

 

http://www.eai.in/ref/reports/captive_power.html



Reading up the report will open up the opportunity for the above mentioned factories for their own backup power ie captive power.



Those who are marketing minded and those who are solar energy consultants or renewable energy consultants, this is a very good business opportunity in India.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Education and training:



MNRE expects that there is going to be a need for 100,000 trained professionals in the next 8 years.



I think that is a gross underestimate.



This opportunity is not just for individuals who want to learn and get jobs. Or learn and start a business or set up a training center as a businessman. OR u can even set up an online course for the whole world. The limitations are your imagination.



I foresee many training centers both for unskilled and for post graduation education courses happening soon. The course contents given in the sample solar education centers, will be Indianised by the shrewed Indian businessmen.



Some of them may go for tie up with universities abroad. For example they may have a tie up with a US university in Pune or a tie up with a European university in Jalgaon.



Good opportunity to get into Solar education, Training.



Opportunity exists as a nationwide company, as a college, as a university, providing Graduations/ Degrees or practical training for the blue collars, providing certificates /diplomas.



When the surge comes there will be a need for trained professionals.



Can be a franchisee also.

http://www.eai.in/club/users/aathmika/blogs/1284

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Solar inverters



In a Global Clean Technology Conference on February 23-24 in New York, with more than 100 public and private companies and 700 attendees, including strategic and financial investors, high-level policymakers and industry thought-leaders in attendance the following question was asked as a part of a Survey.



Question:



Within solar, which sectors of the supply chain are the most attractive investment themes?

(Please rank with #1 being the strongest):

Inverters 1

Cells/Modules 2

Projects/Installation 3

Polysilicon 4

Manufacturing Equipment 5

Wafers 6

 

The result of the survey is given in green color.

Inverters!!



That is why I am calling it a great solar business opportunity in the Indian market too.



700/800 of the world’s leading practioners have identified Inverters as the most attractive investment theme.

 

Solar inverters in India, manufacturers, cost and business opportunities  - You can get to know the business opportunities here.



You may want to look at http://www.solren.com/residential.html and http://www.solren.com/utility.html



Manufacturing opportunity is meant for large cos.

 

What is the capital subsidy, interest on loan, rebates if any etc can be got from here



Especially for inverters in Residential rooftops, area wise distribution is an opportunity for the sales minded.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Micro grid:  

 

The electrical needs of rural households are relatively small (0.5-2.5 kWhr per day) and a micro-grid system of 20-35 kW would suffice a small village. This may not be a 100 % solar solution. The solution to the villages can be hybrid.



Will research and write more about this opportunity soon.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*. Solar Irrigation Pumps: 

 

This is a big opportunity area. Already being catered to in many villages.

Coming soon.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*. Solar thermal



India on an average has 300 clear days of sun and the radiation in most parts is 4.5 to 6 kWh/m2/day, which is pretty high.



Solar thermal projects  concentrate sunlight on a fixed point and uses a medium to move the stored heat energy to a place where it can be converted into electricity by superheating water into steam and using the steam to turn a turbine that generates electricity—ultimately the same process that natural gas and coal-fired power plants use to generate electricity.



Solar dryers can be used in agriculture.



At present the waste is just exposed to the sun and dried. Solar water heating. It is being made mandatory in many states to heat water for bathing purposes with solar water heater in all new buildings. Solar thermal can be used for cooking, community cooking in hotels, villages, schools in villages, etc



Several industries that need low to medium heat can use solar thermal technology to reduce air pollution and carbon foot print.



This opportunity is for the technically minded. This opportunity exists for small medium and even big companies.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Manufacture of Solar Refrigerator, DIY Solar Refrigerator, marketing, Maintenance and Repair of Solar Refrigerators

 

http://www.eai.in/club/users/harita/blogs/1484



The blog gives as of now basic insight of a Solar Refrigerator.



It also provides information on manufacturers in India and abroad.



There are many villages without electricity and they need refrigeration for the individul households, for preserving the produce of that village. Very soon, we will have information on market potential of solar refrigerators in India's villages, market size of solar refrigerators in other markets. Cost of solar refrigerators and actual cost of refrigeration etc also would be made available soon.

 

For now u can visit http://www.eai.in/club/users/harita/blogs/1484  (You can discuss your ideas, doubts, questions, etc in this blog)



Good opportunity

To manufacture. 

To market. 

To maintain.

Even solar coolers are a good opportunity.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Opportunities in Solar cities:



There are going to be about 60 solar cities coming up across India.



What business opportunity exists in this solar city concept of mnre is a question in the young minds of Indians. Will try and answer them in the coming weeks. Stay tuned.



Besides suggesting business opportunities in solar energy in India for large and medium companies, I thought it will be useful for small and individual players, if I can explain as to how they can get into solar business in India, it will be useful.



There are bound to be opportunities for individuals, SMEs to take advantage of Solar City concepts. Let them start coming up and we will identify ' solar city' opportunities there.



This opportunity has not been updated, because, there are no proper guidelines from the respective State Governments. Once the policies come out, opportunities will be identified and posted here.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Solar Air Heaters 



With global warming, there is global cooling also that happens.



During winter, the North of India becomes too chill to manage.



Every urban household would do with an Air Heater, a solar air heater. Even the rural households and the households in the unelectrified villages will need an air Heater. The old and the young suffer in cold and air Heater is not a luxury any more.



It is a good opportunity to manufacture AIR Heaters and market in such cold markets.

Bihar Tariff Rates 

1.0 DOMESTIC SERVICE

  Category of consumer  Fixed charge(Rs.) Energycharge(Ps / Unit.)
1.1 Kutir Jyoti – BPL Consumers    
i. K.J. (Rural) upto 30 watts C.F. Lamps(Consumption upto 30 units per month)

 

i.  Unmetered

 

ii. Metered

Rs.35 / connection / per monthx x120 Ps/unit subject to Monthly Minimum Charge of Rs.25 per month per connection.
  ii. K.J. (Urban) upto 30 watts C.F. Lamps (consumption upto 30 units per month)

 

Metered only

x 150 Ps/unitsubject to Monthly Minimum Charge of Rs.35 per connection per month.

No Fuel and Power Purchase cost Adjustment (FPPCA) charges applicable.

 

Category of consumer

Fixed charge (Rs.)
Energy charges
1.2 DS – I

Connected load:

Upto 2 kW only

Consumption in a month (Units) Rate P/unit
  Unmetered

Connected load: upto 1kW

Connected load: above 1kW upto 2 kW

Rs.90/connection/ per monthRs.130/connection /per month x x
  Metered x First 50 units 135
51-100 units 160
Above 100 units 180
    x Subject to monthly minimum charge of1stkW – 40 units per month

 

2nd kW – 20 units per month

Fuel and Power Purchase cost Adjustment (FPPCA) charges as applicable will be charged extra.

 

Category of consumer

Fixed charge (Rs.) 
Energy charges
1.3 DS – II (Metered) Consumption in a month (Units) Rate Ps/unit
  Single phase

 

Up to 5 kW
First kw-Rs.30/ month/connectionAddl. kW-Rs.10/- kW or part thereof per month. 1-100 units101-200 units

 

201-300 units

Above 300 units

220
270325

 

405

  Three Phase5 kW and above 5 kW-Rs.200/ month/connectionAddl. kW-Rs.10/ per kW or part thereof per month
      Subject to monthly minimum charge of 1st kW – 40 units per monthAdditional kW or part thereof – 20 units per month

Fuel and Power Purchase Cost Adjustment (FPPCA) charges as applicable will be charged extra.

OPTIONAL

Domestic – DS-II (A) – Demand Based

All those consumer under DS-II category with 3 phase meter connection with contract demand between 5 kW and 60 kW opting for demand based tariff shall be required to pay at the rates indicated below:

 

Category of consumer

Demand charge (Rs./kW/month) 
Energy charges
1.3.1 DS-II (A)-(OPTIONAL)

Demand Based Tariff

Consumption in a month (Units) RatePs/unit
   Contracted demand of 5 kW to 60 kW Rs. 50/kW per month or part there of on recorded demand or contract demand whichever is higher. 1-100 units101-200 units

 

201-300 units

Above 300 units

220
270325

 

405

Subject to(i)   Monthly minimum charge of 50 units per month/kW on recorded demand or contract demand, whichever is higher.

 

(ii)   If in any month the recorded maximum demand exceeds 110% of the contract demand, that portion of the demand in excess of the contract demand will be billed at twice the normal rate.

Fuel and Power Purchase Cost Adjustment (FPPCA) charges as applicable will be charged extra.

 

Category of consumer

Fixed charge (Rs.)
Energy charges
1.4 DS – III (Metered)   Consumption in a month (Units) Rate (Ps/unit)
    Rs. 30/- kW/ month All units 280
      Subject to monthly minimum charge1st kW – 40 units / flat per month

 

Additional kW  or part there of– 20 units/flat per month

 

FPPCA as applicable will be charged extra.

2.0       NON-DOMESTIC SERVICE (NDS)

Applicability

Applicable for supply of electrical energy for non domestic consumers having sanctioned load upto 60 kW, using electrical energy for light, fan and power loads for non – domestic purposes like shops, hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, dispensaries, restaurants, hotels, clubs, guest houses, marriage houses, public halls, show rooms, centrally air-conditioning units, offices, commercial establishments, cinemas, X-ray plants, Non – Government schools, colleges, libraries and research institutes, boarding / lodging houses, libraries, railway stations, fuel – oil stations, service stations, All India Radio / T.V. installations, printing presses, commercial trusts, societies, banks, theatres, circus, coaching institutes, common facilities in multistoried commercial office / buildings Government and Semi – Government Offices, Public Museums and other installations not covered under any other tariff schedule.

Government educational institutions, their hostels and libraries, Government hospitals and Govt. research institutions and non – profitable Government aided educational institutions their hostels and libraries.

Non-profitable recognized charitable cum public institutions.

Places of worship like temples, mosques, gurudwaras, churches etc. and burial / crematorium grounds.

2.1       Non – Domestic Service (NDS-I)

 

Applicable to loads upto 2 kW in rural areas not covered by areas indicated under NDS – II and not being fed from urban / town feeders.

Tariff Rates – NDS-I

    Fixed charge (Rs.)
Energy charges
Consumption in a month (Units) Rate P/unit
  Unmetered    
  Connected Load Upto 500 W (0.5kW) Rs.115/connection/ per month x x
  Above 0.5 kW upto1 kW Rs.135/connection per month x x
  Above 1 kW upto 2 kW Rs.175/connection/ per month x x
  Metered x 1-100 units 145
    x 101-200 units 165
    x Above 200 units 205
    x Subject to monthly minimum charge for Load upto 500 watts – 30 unitsAbove 0.5 kW and

 

upto 1 kW – 50 units

Above 1 kW – 70 units

FPPCA charges as applicable will be charged extra.

2.2       Non – Domestic Service – NDS – II (Metered)

 

Applicable to loads upto 60 kW in urban areas covered by Notified Area Committee / Municipality / Corporation / Development Authority / All District and Sub – divisional towns / Block Head quarters / Industrial areas / contiguous sub urban areas getting power from urban / town feeders, except those covered under NDS-III.

Rural consumers having sanctioned load above 2 kW will also come under this category.

Tariff Rates – NDS-II

 

Fixed charge (Rs.)Per month
Energy charges
 
Consumption in a month (Units) Rate P/unit  
Single phaseRs.140 /kW or part thereof upto 5 Kw 1-100 units 425  
101-200 units 455  
Above 200 units 485  
Three PhaseRs.170/kW or part thereof for loads 5 kW and above  
  Subject to a monthly minimum charge of 50 units/kW or part thereof  

 

FPPCA charges as applicable will be charged extra.

OPTIONAL

2.2.1 Non-Domestic Service – NDS – II (A) – Demand Based

All those consumers under NDS-II with 3 phase supply and contract demand between 5 kW and 60 kW opting for demand based tariff shall be required to pay at the rates indicated below:

 

Category of consumer

Demand charge (Rs./kW/month) 
Energy charges
2.2.1 NDS-II (A) – (OPTIONAL)

Demand Based Tariff

Consumption in a month (Units) Rate Ps/unit
   Contract demand of 5 kW to 60 kW Rs. 240/kW per month or part there of on recorded demand or contract demand whichever is higher. 1-100 units101-200 units

 

Above 200 units

425455

 

485

Subject to(i)    Monthly minimum charge of 70 units per month/kW on recorded demand or contract demand, whichever is higher.

 

(ii)   If in any month the recorded maximum demand exceeds 110% of contract demand, that portion of the demand in excess of the contract demand will be billed at twice the normal rate.

 

Fuel and Power Purchase Cost Adjustment (FPPCA) charges as applicable will be charged extra.

2.3       Non-Domestic Service – NDS – III (Metered)

Applicable for places of worship like temples, mosques, gurudwaras, churches etc.  and burial / crematorium grounds. If any portion of the premises is used for commercial purposes, a separate connection shall be taken for that portion and NDS-II tariff schedule shall be applicable for that service.

Tariff Rates-NDS-III

Fixed charge (Rs.)
Energy charges
Consumption in a month (Units) Rate P/unit
Rs.45 /kW with minimum of Rs.165 per connection / monthFor load upto 30 KW. 1-100 units 215
101-200 units 280
Above 200  units 335
Subject to monthly minimum charge of 50 units/kW or part thereof.

 

FPFCA charges as applicable will be charged extra.

 

OPTIONAL

2.3.1    Non-Domestic Service – NDS – III (A) – Demand Based

All those consumers under NDS-III category with 3 phase supply and with contract demand between 5 kW and 30 kW opting for demand based tariff shall be required to pay at the rates indicated below:

 

Category of consumer

Demand charge (Rs./kW) 
Energy charges
2.3.1 NDS-III (A) – (OPTIONAL)

Demand Based Tariff

Consumption in a month (Units) RatePs/unit
  Contract demand of 5 kW to 30 kW Rs. 70/kW per month or part there of on recorded demand or contract demand whichever is higher. 1-100 units 101-200 units

 

Above 200 units

215280

 

335

Subject to(i)       Monthly minimum charge of 70 units per month/kW on recorded demand or contract demand, whichever is higher.

 

(ii)       If in any month the recorded maximum demand exceeds 110% of contract demand, that portion of the demand in excess of the contract demand will be billed at twice the normal rate.

 

Fuel and Power Purchase Cost Adjustment (FPPCA) charges as applicable will be charged extra.

3.0       IRRIGATION and AGRICULTURAL SERVICE (IAS) Applicability

Applicable for supply of electrical energy for bonafide use for Agricultural purposes including Processing of Agricultural Produce, confined  to Chaff – Cutter, Thrasher, Cane crusher and Rice Hauler when operated by the agriculturist in the field or farm and does not include rice mills, flour mills, oil mills, dal mills or expellers.  This is also applicable to hatcheries, poultries (with more than 1000 birds) and fisheries (Fish ponds).

3.1       IAS – I

Applicable for all purposes indicated above including Private Tube wells.

Tariff Rates

Unmetered Supply

Rural feeder  – Rs.100 / HP per month

Urban feeder – Rs.120 /HP per month

Note: Hatcheries, poultries and fisheries are not covered under unmetered supply they have to be metered only.

 

Metered supply

 

All units

Rural feeder – 80 Ps/unit

Urban feeder – 130 Ps/unit

Subject to monthly minimum energy charges of –

Rural feeder – Rs. 75/HP per month

Urban feeder – Rs.120/HP per month

No FPPCA charges applicable.

3.2       IAS – II

Applicable to State Tube Wells / State lift irrigation pumps / State Irrigation pumps upto 100 HP.

Unmetered Supply

Rural feeders  – Rs.450 /HP per month

Urban feeders – Rs.480/HP per month

Metered supply

 

- Rural feeder – 155 Ps/unit

- Urban feeder – 205 Ps/unit

Subject to a monthly minimum energy charge of 225 units /HP per month.

FPPCA charges as applicable will be charged extra.

 

 

 

4.0       LOW TENSION INDUSTRIAL SERVICE (LTIS)

Applicability

The tariff is applicable for supply of electricity to low tension industrial consumers with a connected load upto 99 HP and below including incidental lighting forindustrial processing or Agro – industries purposes, Arc welding sets, Flour Mills, Oil Mills, Rice Mills, Dal Mills, Atta Chakki, Hauler. Expellers etc.

4.1       LTIS-I (Connected load upto 25 HP)

Tariff Rates

Fixed charge (Rs.)
Energy charges
Consumption in a month (Units) Rate (Ps/unit)
Rs.65/HP or part thereof / per month All units 420
  Subject to monthly minimum charge of 70 units/HP or part thereof.

FPPCA charges as applicable will be charged etc.

 

OPTIONAL

4.1.1    LTIS-I (A) Contracted demand 5 kW to 15 kW – Demand Based Tariff

All those consumers under LTS-I category with 3 phase supply and with contract demand 5 kW to 15 kW opting for demand based tariff shall be required to pay at the rates indicated below:

 

Category of consumer

Demand charge (Rs./kW) 
Energy charges
4.1.1 LTIS-I (A)(Demand Based Tariff) (OPTIONAL) Consumption in a month (Units) Rate Ps/unit
   Contract demand  5 kW to 15 kW Rs. 130/kW per month or part there of on recorded demand or contract demand whichever is higher. All units  420 
Subject to(i)      Monthly minimum charge of 125 units per month/kW on recorded demand or contract demand, whichever is higher.

 

(ii)      If in any month the recorded maximum demand exceeds 110% of contract demand, that portion of the demand in excess of the contract demand will be billed at twice the normal rate.

Fuel and Power Purchase Cost Adjustment (FPPCA) charges as applicable will be charged extra.

 

 

4.2          LTIS-II (Connected load above 25 HP and upto 99 HP).

Fixed charge (Rs.)
Energy charges
Consumption in a month (Units) Rate (Ps/unit)
Rs.85/HP or part thereof per month All units 435
  Subject to monthly minimum charge of 100 units/HP or part thereof.

FPPCA charges as applicable will be charged extra.

Consumers with a connected load above 79 HP and upto 99 HP have option to avail power under LTIS / HTS category.

 

OPTIONAL

4.2.1     LTIS-II (A) (Contract demand above 15 kW and upto 60 kW – Demand Based Tariff)

All those consumers under LTS-II category with 3 phase supply and with contract demand above 15 kW and upto 60 kW opting for demand based tariff shall be required to pay at the rates indicated below:

 

Category of consumer

Demand charge (Rs./kW) 
Energy charges
4.2.1 LTIS-II (A)(Demand Based Tariff) (OPTIONAL) Consumption in a month (Units) Rate Ps/unit
   Contract demand above 15 kW and upto 60 kW Rs. 150/kW per month or part there of on recorded demand or contract demand whichever is higher. All units  435 
Subject to(i)   Monthly minimum charge of 180 units per month/kW on recorded demand or contract demand, whichever is higher.

 

(ii)   If in any month the recorded maximum demand exceeds 110% of contract demand, that portion of the demand in excess of the contract demand will be billed at twice the normal rate.

 

Fuel and Power Purchase Cost Adjustment (FPPCA) charges as applicable will be charged extra.

5.0       Public Water Works  (Connected load upto 99 HP)

Applicability

The tariff is applicable to Public water works, Sewerage treatment plant and Sewerage pumping stations functioning under State Government and State Government Under takings and local bodies.

Fixed charge (Rs.)
Energy charges
Consumption in a month (Units) Rate (Ps/unit)
Rs. 100/HP or part thereof per month All units 330
  Subject to monthly minimum charge of 165 units / HP or part thereof.

FPPCA charges as applicable will be charged extra.

Consumers with a connected load above 79 HP and upto 99 HP have option to avail power under PWS / HTS category.

 

6.0       STREET LIGHT SERVICES

 

Applicability

 

Applicable for supply of electricity for street light system, including signal system in Corporation, Municipality, Notified area, Committees, Panchayats etc. and also in areas not covered by Municipality and Notified Area Committee provided the number of lamps from a point of supply is not less than five.  Also applicable for Traffic Lights, Mast lights / Blinkers etc.

Tariff Rates

6.1       SS-I  Metered Supply

All units – 345 Ps./unit

Subject to monthly minimum charge of –

i). Gram Panchayats – 160 units / kW or part thereof.

ii) For Nagar Palika / NAC / Municipality – 220 units / kW or part thereof.

iii) For Municipal Corporations – 280 units / kW or part thereof.

FPPCA charges as applicable will be charged extra

6.2       SS-II Unmetered Supply

Fixed Charges

Sl.No. Light Point Wattage Gram Panchayat Nagar Palika / NAC / Municipality Municipal Corporation
(i) Upto 100 W Rs.60/month Rs.100/month Rs.110/ month
(ii) 101-250 W Rs.150/month Rs.190/ month Rs. 230/month
(iii) 251-500 W Rs.300/month Rs.350/month Rs. 400/month
  Monthly Minimum Charges per Mast Rs.1500/month Rs.1800/month Rs. 1900/month

Above 500 watts the rates shall be on pro-rata basis of the rates indicated for 100 Watts.

FPPCA charges as applicable will be charged extra.

TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF LOW TENSION TARIFF

The foregoing tariffs are subject to the following conditions.

1.         Rebate for prompt payment

The due date for making payment of energy bills or other charges shall be 15 days from the date of issue of the bill. Rebate will be allowed for making payment ofenergy bills on or before due date specified in the bill as given below:

  Kutir Jyoti (Unmetered) Rs.2/- per connection per month.
  DS-I and NDS-I (Unmetered) Rs.3/- per connection per month.
  Agricultural and Irrigation pumpsets (Unmetered) Rs.5/- per HP/month
  Street Lights (Unmetered) Rs.3/- per connection/month
  All metered categories 10 paise per unit, on units billed

In case a consumer makes full payment after due date but within 10 days after the due date, no DPS shall be leviable for this period but rebate for prompt payment will not be admissible.

2.          Delayed Payment Surcharge  (DPS)

In case a consumer does not pay energy bills in full within 10 days grace period after due date specified in the bill, a delayed payment surcharge of one and half (1.5) percent per month or part thereof on the principal amount of bill will be levied from the due date for payment until the payment is made in full without prejudice to right of the licensee to disconnect the supply in accordance with Section 56 of theElectricity Act, 2003.  The licensee shall clearly indicate in the bill itself the total amount, including DPS, payable for different dates after the due date after allowing for the grace period of 10 days.  No DPS shall be charged on DPS arrear. The bill shall indicate the energy charges for the month, arrears of energy charges and DPS separately.

3.         Duties and Taxes

Other statutory levies like electricity duty or any other taxes, duties etc., imposed by the State Government / Central Government  or any other competent authority, shall be extra and shall not be part of the tariff as determined under this order.

4.         Defective / Damaged / Burnt meters supply

In case of meter being defective / damaged / burnt the Board or the consumer as the case may be shall replace it within the specified period prescribed in “Standards of Performance for Distribution Licensee”, Regulations issued by the Commission.

Till defective / damaged / burnt meter is replaced the consumption will be assessed and billed on an average consumption of last 12 months from the date of meter being out of order.  Such consumption shall be treated as actual consumption for all practical purposes including calculation of electricity duty until the meter is replaced/rectified.

5.         Shunt Capacitor Installation

a)    Every LT consumer including irrigation pump set consumers whose connected load includes induction motor (s) of capacity 3 HP and above and other low power factor consuming appliances shall arrange to install low tension shunt capacitors of appropriate capacity at his cost across terminals of his motor (s). The consumer shall ensure that the capacitors installed by him are properly matched with the actual rating of the motor so as to ensure power factor of 90%.

b)    All LT consumers having welding transformers will be required to install suitable shunt capacitor (s) of adequate capacity so as to ensure power factor of not less than 90%.

c)    The capacitors shall be of standard manufacture and meet the Bureau of Indian Standards specification.

d)     Consumers not complying to above shall be liable to pay a surcharge of 5% (five percent) of the billed amount excluding DPS till the capacitors are installed.

e)    Any LT consumer in whose case, the meter installed has power factor recording feature and who fails to maintain power factor of 90% in any month shall pay a surcharge of 5% (five percent) of the billed amount excluding DPS till the defective capacitors are replaced and power factor of 90% is maintained.

f)     No new supply to LT installations having low power factor consuming equipment such as induction motor of 3 HP and above or welding transformers etc., will be released unless shunt capacitors are installed to the satisfaction of the Board.

g)    The ratings of shunt capacitor to be installed on the motors of different ratings are provided in the “Electric Supply Code” notified by the Commission.

PART – B: HIGH TENSION SUPPLY

7.1       HTS – I  (11 kV/6.6 kV)

Applicable for supply of electricity for use in installations with a minimum contract demand of 75 kVA and maximum contract demand of 1500 kVA.

Character of service:  AC, 50 cycles, 3 phase at 11 kV or 6.6 kV.

Tariff rates

Demand chargeRs./ kVA / Month of billing demand Energy chargesPaise / kWh
220 All units – 423

(i)            The billing demand shall be the maximum demand recorded during the month or 85% of the contract demand whichever is higher.

(ii)           Minimum base energy charge will be billed on the basis of energy consumption at a load factor of 30% and power factor of 90% on contract demand payable at 423 Ps/unit, monthly.

(iii)          Surcharge of 7.5% will be levied on the demand and energy charges for supply at 6.6 kV.

(iv)         If in any month the recorded maximum demand exceeds 110% of contract demand, that portion of the demand in excess of the contract demand will be billed at twice the normal charges.

FPPCA charges as applicable shall be charged extra.

7.2       HTS – II (33 kV)

Applicable for use in installations with a minimum contract demand of 1000 kVA and maximum contract demand of 10,000 kVA.

Character of service:  AC, 50 cycles, 3 phase at 33 kV.

Tariff rates

Demand chargeRs. / kVA / Month of billing demand Energy charges(Paise / unit)
220 All units – 415

(i)       The billing demand shall be the maximum demand recorded during the month or  85% of the contract demand whichever is higher.

(ii)      Minimum base energy charge will be billed on the basis of energy consumption at a load factor of 35% and PF of 90% on contract demand payable at            415 Ps/unit monthly.

(iii)     If in any month the recorded maximum demand exceeds 110% of contract demand, that portion of the demand in excess of the contract demand will be billed at twice the normal charges.

FPPCA charges as applicable shall be charged extra.

7.3       HTS – III (132 kV)

Applicable for installations with a minimum contract demand of 7.5 MVA.

Character of service:  AC, 50 cycles, 3 phase at 132 kV

Tariff rates

Demand chargeRs. / kVA / Month of billing demand Energy charges(Paise / unit)
220 All units – 410

(i)       The billing demand shall be the maximum demand recorded during the month or  85% of the contract demand whichever is higher.

(ii)      Minimum base energy charge will be billed on the basis of energy consumption at a load factor of 50% and PF of 90% on contract demand payable at 410 Ps/unit, monthly.

(iii)     If in any month the recorded maximum demand of the consumer exceeds 110% of the contract demand, that portion of the demand in excess of the contract demand will be billed at twice the normal charges.

FPPCA charges as applicable shall be charged extra.

7.4       HTSS (33 kV/11 kV)

The tariff is applicable for supply of electricity to all consumers who have contract demand of 300 kVA and more for induction furnace including Ferro Alloy loads. This tariff will not apply to casting units having induction furnace of melting capacity of 500 Kg and below.

The capacity of induction furnace shall be 600 kVA per metric tonne as existing for determining the contract demand of induction furnace in the existing HTSS service connections. However, for new connection and if the furnace is replaced with a new one for the existing connections, the contract demand shall be based on total capacity of the furnace and equipment as per manufacturer technical specifications, and in case of difference of opinion, the provisions of clause Nos. 6.39 and 6.40 of the Bihar Electricity Supply Code shall apply.

Those consumers who are having rolling/re-rolling mill in the same premises will take additional contract demand for the rolling/re-rolling mill over and above the contract demand required for induction furnace. The consumer will have the option to segregate the rolling/re-rolling mill and take separate new connection following all prescribed formalities with a separate transformer.  This new connection, if taken by the consumer will be allowed to be billed in appropriate tariff schedule.  Such rolling/re-rolling mill will be allowed to avail power at 33 kV.

Character of service: AC, 50 cycles, 3 phase at 33 kV or 11kV.

Tariff rates

Demand chargeRs. / kVA / Month of billing demand Energy charges(Paise / unit)
700 All units 205

(i)       Minimum monthly charges at Rs. 1233 per kVA of contract demand per month shall be payable on monthly basis. Minimum hours of supply will be 630 hours per month. If for any particular month the hours of supply are less than the minimum assured hours of supply as shown above then the minimum monthly charges for the month will be –


(ii)      The billing demand shall be the maximum demand recorded during the month or the contract demand whichever is higher.

Rs. 700  Rs. 533 x Actual hours of supply
630 (Assured hours of supply)

(iii)     If in any month the recorded maximum demand of the consumer exceeds 110% of contract demand that portion of the demand in excess of the contract demand will be charged at twice the normal charges.

(iv)    If the power is availed at 11 kV  a surcharge of five (5)% will be charged extra on demand and energy charges.

FPPCA charges as applicable shall be charged extra.

8.0       Railway Traction Service (RTS)

Applicable to Railway Traction loads only.

Tariff rates at 132 kV

Demand chargeRs. / kVA / Month of billing demand Energy charges(Paise / unit)
180 All units 438

(i)       10 Ps/unit of surcharge, is to be billed for availing supply at lower voltages than 132 kV.

(ii)      The billing demand shall be the maximum demand recorded during the month or 85% of the contract demand whichever is higher.

(iii)     The minimum base energy charge will be billed on the basis of energy consumption at a load factor of 25% and PF of 90% on contract demand payable at 438/448 Ps/unit as applicable.

FPPCA charges as applicable shall be charged extra.

Time of Day tariff  (TOD)

All HT consumers other than Railway traction have the option to take TOD tariff instead of the normal tariff given in the schedule.

Under the Time of Day (TOD) Tariff, electricity consumption and maximum demand in respect of HT consumers for different periods of the day, i.e. normal period, peak load period and off-peak load period, shall be recorded by installing a TOD meter.  The maximum demand and consumption recorded in different periods shall be billed at the following rates on the tariff applicable to the consumer.

Time of use Demand Charges Energy Charges
(i)  Normal period(5:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m) Normal Rate Normal rate of energy charges
(ii) Evening peak load period(5:00 p.m to 11.00 p.m) Normal Rate 120% of normal rate of energy charges
(iii) Off-peak load period(11:00 p.m to 5:00 a.m) Normal Rate 85% of normal rate of energy charges

Applicability and Terms and Conditions of TOD tariff:

(i)         TOD tariff will be optional for all HT consumers having contract demand below  200 kVA.  TOD tariff will be mandatory for all HT consumers having contracted demand of 200 kVA and above.  BSEB shall implement this condition within 3 months from the date of this order.

(ii)        The facility of aforesaid TOD tariff shall not be available to HT consumers having captive power plants and/or availing supply from other sources through wheeling of power.

(iii)       The HT industrial consumers who have installed standby generating plants shall also be eligible for the aforesaid TOD tariff.

(iv)       After electing TOD tariff, if any industrial HT consumer on account of some reasons wants to go back to the earlier tariff according to the agreement, this facility shall be available to him only once in two years.

(v)        If the actual monthly consumption of such HT consumer, whose monthly minimum charges are based on units, is less than minimum consumption, then the difference (deficit) of units between the minimum consumption and actual consumption shall be billed at normal rate of energy charge prescribed for “Normal Period”.

(vi)       In the event of applicability of TOD tariff to a consumer, the terms and conditions of the applicable tariff (such as monthly tariff minimum charge, etc.)  shall continue to apply.

(vii)      In case, the consumer exceeds 110% of the contract demand, the demand in excess of contract demand shall be billed at twice the normal tariff applicable for the day time i.e. 5:00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. irrespective of the time of use.

Load Factor Rebate for all HT services

All HT consumers except Railway Traction shall be given rebate for higher consumption as noted below only on excess units consumed.

Category Load Factor Rebate on energy charge (only on excess units consumed)
(i) HTS-I(MMC-30% LF) Above 50% 3%
Above 60% 4%
Above 70% 5%
Above 80% 6%
(ii)  HTS-II(MMC-40% LF) and

 

(iii)  HTSS

(MMC-40% LF)

Above 60% 4%
Above 70% 5%
Above 80% 6%
Above 90% 7%
(iv)  HTS-III(MMC-50% LF) Above 70% 5%
Above 80% 6%
Above 90% 7%



All discussions, questions pertaining to this opportunity to be restricted to this blog.

Bihar Solar Energy Policy, Solar Projects and Solar Business Opportunities in Bihar, solar lantern incentives in bihar, solar lanterns subsidies in bihar, solar project financing in bihar, Steps Involved in Roof-top Solar PV System Designing with Battery Backup

 

Solar Irradiation in Chhpara, Bihar, India

 

  Solar Radiation

  Annual Average: 5.15

Monthly Average

 

Jan

4.07

 

 

 

 

 

 Feb

5.21

 

 

 

 

 

 Mar

6.19

 

 

 

 

 

  Apr

7.00

 

 

 

 

 

  May

6.54

 

 

 

 

 

  Jun

5.91

 

 

 

 

 

  Jul

4.50

 

 

 

 

 

  Aug

4.57

 

 

 

 

 

  Sep

4.53

 

 

 

 

 

  Oct

4.81

 

 

 

 

 

  Nov

4.52

 

 

 

 

 

  Dec

3.91

 

Geographical Information

  Latitude

 25.7848000

  Longitude

 84.7274000

         

 

Solar panel dealers in Chhapra

Entegra Limited

1003, 10th Floor, Angal Bhawan, 16th K G Marg, K G Marg, Delhi - 110001 (Also serves CHAPRA H O)

 
call:  (91)-(11)-43588640,  (91)-9212362222

 

Solar India Inc

1/2 Old Palasia, 105 Apollo Arcade, Palasia Police Station, Indore, - 452003 
call:  (91)-(731)-2560554,   (91)-9870001401

 

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

2030 Jash Textile Market, Shara Darwaja, Ring Road, SURAT - 395002 (Also serves CHAPRA HO)

call: (91)-(261)-2336667,  (91)-9227455399

 

 

Solar Irradiation in Gaya, Bihar, India

 

  Solar Radiation

  Annual Average: 4.94

Monthly Average

 

Jan

4.12

 

 

 

 

 

  Feb

5.06

 

 

 

 

 

  Mar

5.84

 

 

 

 

 

  Apr

6.36

 

 

 

 

 

  May

6.45

 

 

 

 

 

  Jun

5.29

 

 

 

 

 

  Jul

4.38

 

 

 

 

 

  Aug

4.33

 

 

 

 

 

  Sep

4.33

 

 

 

 

 

  Oct

4.68

 

 

 

 

 

  Nov

4.38

 

 

 

 

 

  Dec

4.00

 

 Geographical Information

  Latitude

 24.7800113

  Longitude

 84.9818234

         

 

Solar Panel dealers in Gaya

Entegra Limited

1003, 10th Floor, Angal Bhawan, 16th K G Marg, K G Marg, Delhi - 110001 (Also serves GAYA)  

call: (91)-(11)-43588640,  (91)-9212362222

 

Bons Light Pvt Ltd


Plot No 564 Phase-2, Vatva Railway Station, Vatva Gidc, Ahmedabad - 382445 (Also serves GAYA)

call:  (91)-(79)-40085253,  (91)-9925244220

 

Solar India Inc

1/2 Old Palasia, 105 Apollo Arcade, Palasia Police Station, Indore, - 452003

call:  (91)-(731)-2560554,  (91)-9870001401

 

Surat Exim Pvt Ltd

 


2030 Jash Textile Market, Shara Darwaja, Ring Road, SURAT - 395002 (Also serves GAYA)  

call:  (91)-(261)-2336667,   (91)-9227455399

 

Solar Irradiation in Patna, Bihar, India

 

  Solar Radiation

  Annual Average: 5.22

Monthly Average

Jan

4.18

 

  Feb

5.25

 

  Mar

6.26

 

  Apr

6.95

 

  May

6.90

 

  Jun

5.74

 

  Jul

4.57

 

  Aug

4.61

 

  Sep

4.43

 

  Oct

4.96

 

  Nov

4.72

 

  Dec

4.07

 

Solar Panel Dealers in Patna

SAI Solar

Shop No 1 Chandi Smaukta Appartment, Kankarbagh Main Road, Kankarbagh, PATNA - 800020  

call:  (91)-9162062390

 

Savino Industries


169 M I G, Kankarbagh, Kankarbagh, Patna - 800020

call:  (91)-9199405060

 

Vishal Enterprises

Kankarbagh Main Road, Kankarbagh, PATNA - 800020  

call:  (91)-9162559541

 

 

Suryaprabha Engineering


1st Floor,Sharma Niwas, Saidpur Road, Saidpur, Patna - 800004

 

call:  (91)-9905962921

 

Downer


Heera Enclave, New DAK Bunglow Road, DAK Bunglow Road, Patna - 800001

call:  (91)-9470837695

 

Solex Power System


Exhibisionn Road, Exhibition Road, PATNA - 800001  
call:  (91)-(612)-6571301

 

A K Enterprise

Gulzarbagh Belvarganj, Gulzarbagh, PATNA - 800007

call:  (91)-9386257473

 

 

Read more news items on: Solar Energy

Add to My Greenfolio

Like Leave a comment (6)



6 Comments

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Marketing opportunity !
    You can market Silicon ink from Innovalight to solar cell manufactures in India.
    Contact innovalight.com sales@innovalight.com Like

  • Romila
    Romila -

    Nitish Kumar government giving its nod to the new Industrial Promotion Policy, 2011, the decks have been cleared for big ticket investments even as the fate of investment proposals worth around Rs 1 lakh crore hangs fire due to alleged non-cooperation from the Centre.

    The new policy, effective from July 1, 2011, will replace the Industrial Policy of 2006 much before its extended term expires on December, 2011, and will have a thrust on addressing basic problems like shortage of power.

    http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-06-16/news/29665437_1_industrial-promotion-policy-renewable-energy-new-policy

    Like

  • casokan
    casokan -

    Tahnk you, presently evaluating opportunities. Like

  • raman333
    raman333 -

    i want to setup the solar plant in bihar Like

  • aathmika
    aathmika -

    Govt. of Bihar

    Energy Deptt.

    Resolution

    Letter No-Pra 02/Breda Apra Niti-11/08/2845 Patna, Dated: 24/06/2011

    Subject : “Bihar Policy for promotion of New and Renewable Energy Sources 2011”

    The energy need of the populace is increasing by the day, whereas the conventional source of energy is

    insufficient to meet the rising demand, Thereby adversely affecting the environment as well. Therefore there is

    an urgent need to develop and exploit non-conventional and renewable sources of energy in the state. With a

    view to promote the power generation from New and Renewable Energy sources, Government of Bihar formulated

    a policy as “Policy Guideline for Private Sector Participation for Developing Non-Conventional Energy Sources”

    in 2003, which ended in 2008.

    Bihar has considerable potential for New and Renewable Energy sources, which is yet to be harnessed,

    the Government of Bihar resolved to issue a revised policy for promotion of power generation from various

    sources of New and Renewable Energy.

    1. Title and enforcement

    1.1 This Policy will be known as “Bihar Policy for promotion of New and Renewable Energy Sources

    2011”

    1.2 The policy will come into operation from the date of its notification. The government may

    modify this policy, if considered necessary. Subject to such modification, this policy will remain

    valid for a period of five years from its notification.

    2. Scope & Coverage

    2.1 The policy will be applicable for the development of all forms of New and Renewable Energy

    sources including biomass & Biogas based projects, cogeneration projects, mini/micro/small

    hydro projects (up to 25MW) wind power projects, Solar projects, municipal solid waste based

    projects and any other renewable resources based projects.

    2.2 This policy will be applicable to all New and Renewable Energy projects. The policy shall be

    applicable for any industry, institution Private Agency, partnership firm, consortia, Panchayat

    Raj institutions, Urban Local bodies, co-operative or registered society desirous of installing

    and generating electricity from New and Renewable Energy Sources.

    3. Land

    3.1 Government land in the industrial area, if available and identified by the developer, may be

    leased in accordance with Government of Bihar policy for the allotment of land.

    3.2 The project developer may purchase private land directly from the owners, on their own.

    3.3 Use of agricultural land may be allowed for non-agricultural purposes.

    4. Implementation of New and Renewable Energy projects

    4.1 Project approval:

    4.1.1 The project developer shall be required to submit the application to State investment Promotion

    Board (SIPB), Department of Industries, Government of Bihar along with a pre-feasibility report,

    applicable processing fee & site details. The nodal agency for evaluation and recommendation

    of the application for such projects shall be Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency

    (BREDA), except for mini/micro/small hydro projects for which Bihar State Hydro Electric Power

    Corporation (BSHPC) shall be the nodal agency.

    4.1.2 The project developers, who have received the project approval from SIPB without specifying

    the site/location of the proposed projects, shall be required to identify the site/location and

    duly inform about the same to SIPB for approval within a period of one (1) month from the date

    of notification of this policy.4.2 Grid interfacing and evacuation arrangement

    4.2.1 The project developer shall necessarily offer to supply to Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB)/

    Distribution Licensee a minimum of 25% of power generated from the respective New and

    Renewable Energy project, except for captive projects, However, the acceptance of such offer

    for supply of power shall be at the sole discretion of BSEB/Distribution Licensee.

    4.2.2 The sale of power from such generation project to the grid or using the greed for wheeling of

    power the third parties will require the project developer to design and construct the system at

    its own cost, such that interfacing with the State grid/BSEB grid is done as per the latter’s

    specifications & requirements/Indian Electricity Grid Code/ Bihar Grid Code as applicable and

    amended from time to time.

    4.2.3 The capital cost of transmission system for evacuation of power to the nearest grid/ sub-station

    including all metering & protective instruments shall be born by BSEB, which shall be reimbursed

    to BSEB by the State Government, provided that the project developer offer to supply BSEB//

    Distribution Licensee at least 50%, subject to a minimum of 2 MW, of power generated from

    New and Renewable Energy projects. Else the entire project cost of transmission system for

    evacuation of power to the nearest grid/ sub-station including all metering & protective

    instruments shall be born by the project developer.

    4.3 Sale/wheeling of Power

    4.3.1 Captive power project developer may sell the generated power to the State grid/BSEB after the

    captive consumption, if the power available is more than 1 MW.

    4.3.2 The project developer may sell to third party/utilize generated power at the place of generation

    or at any other place for the captive use, through BSEB network on payment of applicable Open

    Access charges surcharges & additional surcharge and any other charges as approved/notified

    by Bihar Electricity Regulatory commission (BERC) and as per BERC (Terms & Conditions for

    Open Access) Regulation, 2006 as amended from time to time provided that the third party

    must be an HT consumer procuring at least 1MW power. The Project Developer shall execute an

    Open Access Agreement with the BSEB for availing open access and wheeling of such power.

    4.3.3 The sale of electricity by the New and Renewable Energy project shall be governed by the

    Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) executed between Project Developer and BSEB, as prescribed

    by BERC.

    4.4 Project Monitoring

    4.4.1 All New and Renewable Energy projects shall be required to adhere to the following schedule

    which is applicable from the date of notification of this policy or the date of SIPB approval

    whichever is later.

    Activity milestones

    Financial closure and placement of firm order for 8 months

    purchase of plant and machinery for the project

    and payment of requisite advance or opening

    of irrevocable letter of credit with suppliers/contractors

    Receiving of plant and machinery for the project at site 18 months

    Commissioning and commercial operation 24 months

    * Zero date shall be the date of notification of this policy or the date of SIPB approval, whichever

    a later.

    4.4.2 All New and Renewable Energy projects approved by SIPB, shall be required to submit to BREDA/

    BSHPC, the half yearly reports incorporating the copies of the permits/clearances/consents

    received from various departments/authorities, as applicable and documentary evidence for

    the achievement of the activity milestones mentioned at Clause 4.4.1 above. The half yearly

    report shall also include details and explanations on the changes in plant capacity, process or

    any other relevant information which may affect the date of commissioning for project.

    Time period

    from zero date4.4.3 Provided that SIPB may extend the time schedule for commissioning and provide the new

    schedule if.

    (a) No other project developer has been approved/assigned for the reviewed project.

    (b) The project developer makes an application to SIPB giving convincing reasons for delay in the

    completion of the project at least 30 days before the expiry of the prescribed period, as under

    para 4.4.1.

    (c) The reasons given by the project developer in the application are found convincing by SIPB.

    5. Incentives/applicability

    The incentives and there applicability to all New and Renewable Energy projects are as under:-

    5.1 All New and Renewable Energy projects will be entitles for benefits, available as notified from

    time to time, under the policies of the Central/State government.

    5.2 All New and Renewable Energy projects shall be entitled to avail the facilities available under

    prevalent Industrial Incentive Policy, and such other policies of the Govt. of Bihar,

    5.3 BREDA/BSHPC will provide necessary information and assistance regarding identification and

    selection of feasible sites.

    5.4 The electricity generated from the New and Renewable Energy projects shall be exempted from

    electricity duty.

    5.5 Entry tax on New and Renewable Energy sources devices and or equipment and or machinery

    shall be exempted.

    5.6 Loans as per guidelines and incentives or schemes of the Government of India and or Government

    of Bihar, India Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) and Ministry of New and

    Renewable Energy Govt. of India (MNRE) will be offered/ available for proposal of power

    generation through New and Renewable Energy Sources.

    5.7 In case of power generation from mini/micro/small hydel schemes, project developer shall be

    allowed to use canal water- fall or river water flow subsequent to the approval and agreement

    with Water resources Department, Government of Bihar. However, the water will be released

    based on irrigation demand.

    5.8 The provision of section – 14 of Electricity Act 2003 for generation and distribution of electricity

    in rural areas will be applicable of all New and Renewable Energy projects.

    6. Special concessions/applicability for Biomass based projects

    6.1 In order to ensure availability of biomass and sustainability of such projects having aggregate

    capacity of more than 2MW - SIPB shall not approve any other biomass based project within a

    radial distance of 25Km from the approved project. However, SIPB reserves the right to reduce

    or increase the above area, while keeping in view the availability of biomass in that area.

    6.2 The project developer shall carry out the biomass assessment in the region before finalizing the

    capacity of the project and submitting the proposal for approval to the SIPB.

    6.3 The following shall be applicable for those projects which have been approved before the

    coming into operation of this policy.

    6.3.1 All the projects have to submit a progress report and the current status of the project to the

    nodal agency concerned i.e. BREDA.

    6.3.2 Such projects which have not made any significant progress shall be reviewed by the nodal

    agency and the recommendation for the continuance or cancellation shall be provided to SIPB

    with an objective of allowing other serious promoters in that area to set-up biomass based

    projects.

    6.3.3 Among the approved projects, if there is a conflict of area of biomass which may effect the

    sustainability of these projects, based on the progress made in the projects, suitable measures

    will be taken by SIPB.7. Renewable Energy Purchase Obligations

    7.1 BSEB/Distribution Licensee shall endeavor to procure and supply the power from New and

    Renewable Energy Sources, more than the minimum quantum prescribed under the RPO

    obligations by BERC, with the approval of Government, in line with tariff approved by BERC.

    Due grid strengthening and up gradation in the transmission & distribution system shall be

    undertaken by BSEB/Distribution Licensee to the extent of power procured by BSEB/Distribution

    Licensee from respective New and Renewable Energy Project.

    7.2 The project developer will be allowed to draw energy for their consumption during maintenance/

    shut down period of the project, where BSEB/ Distribution Licensee is procuring power from

    that generating station , at the rate/tariff as approved by BERC for such New and Renewable

    Energy project, However, if BSEB/Distribution Licensee is not procuring power from that particular

    generation station, the drawl of energy for their consumption during shut down/maintenance

    period shall be at the applicable UI rate (as approved by CERC) plus 5% of maximum UI rate or

    the applicable rate/tariff as approved by BERC for purchase of power from such New and

    Renewable Energy project, whichever is higher.

    Order : Ordered to be published in the coming extra ordinary issue of Bihar Gazette for information to all.

    By the order of Governor of Bihar

    Sd/-

    (Shambhu Nath Mishra)

    Joint Secretary

    Deptt. of Energy. source


    Details of solar power plants in Bihar approved by BREDA

    Like

  • hasmukh18
    hasmukh18 -

    please mail me details of all your products at hasmukhjain18@gmail.com Like

Leave a Comment



Solar FAQs
How to Choose the Best Solar Panel?
What are the Financing Options Available for MW Solar Plants in India?
Top 5 States for Solar Energy Investments in India
IKeen on Solar Business? Make Sure You Read This
I Wish to Do Business in the Solar Energy Sector. Which is the Best Biz Opportunity?
Costs for Small MW-Scale Grid Connected Power Plants in India ?
Indian Banks and their Lending for the Solar Sector>
Click Here to View the Complete List of Questions Answered
Sumo