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Scientists at the Space Applications Centre, or SAC, in Ahmedabad have prepared the first national livestock methane emission inventory using the latest (2003) livestock census.

India has a livestock population of 485 million, the largest in the world, producing 11.75 million tonnes (mt) of methane every year, the scientists say, pegging the emissions higher than earlier estimates of 9.9mt (in 1994) and 9mt (in 1997).

The new estimate inches closer to the one by the international scientific body Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which calculates it at 12.9mt, a figure that has been widely debated by Indian researchers as being too high

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