New Technology for Carbon-Negative Hydrogen Production : by Rochester University - India Renewable Energy Consulting – Solar, Biomass, Wind, Cleantech
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Themes and Topics

  • Alkaline thermal treatment (ATT)
  • Biomass conversion
  • Biomass hydrogen production
  • Carbon emissions reduction
  • Carbon-neutral energy production.
  • Catalysts for hydrogen production
  • Green Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen production efficiency
  • Pyrolysis technology
  • Renewable energy sources
  • New Technology for Carbon-Negative Hydrogen Production : by Rochester University

    Here’s an article posted in ChemEurope that talks about the new technology developed by the researchers of University of Rochester for Green Hydrogen Production.

    According to the article,

    • Carbon-negative hydrogen production technology is a revolutionary advancement.
    • Developed by researchers at the University of Rochester.
    • Utilizes a special catalyst to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
    • Converts captured carbon dioxide and water into hydrogen fuel.

    The concept outlined here revolves around utilizing biomass to produce hydrogen through a process called alkaline thermal treatment (ATT). This method aims to address the energy crisis and reduce carbon emissions by providing a carbon-negative approach to hydrogen production.

    Here’s a breakdown of the process and key points highlighted in the article:

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    Deep dive into our work

    1. Alkaline Thermal Treatment (ATT):
      • ATT involves pyrolysis of biomass at atmospheric pressure and low temperature.
      • The process is facilitated by alkali and catalysts, among other factors, which influence the efficiency of hydrogen production.
      • Key factors affecting efficiency include the type of alkali, feedstock, catalysts, process parameters, and reactors.
    2. Maximizing Efficiency:
      • To maximize hydrogen production efficiency, the alkali used should promote the conversion of biomass into small gasifiable intermediates while enabling in-situ carbon storage.
      • Overcoming kinetic limitations of the reformation reaction under low pressure and temperature in the ATT process can enhance hydrogen production efficiency.
      • Synergy between alkali and metal catalysts is crucial for maximizing efficiency.
    3. Conclusions and Further Study:
      • Further research is needed to understand the transformation of model substances through different alkalis and identify more suitable biomass.
      • Establishing suitable catalyst systems based on intermediate products of the ATT reaction requires analysis into catalyst deactivation mechanisms, active site-carrier interactions, and catalytic structure-activity relationships.
      • Designing reactors and developing efficient inlet/outlet methods are essential for overcoming problems like coking, limited mass transfer, and catalyst regeneration.
      • Economic assessment and energy consumption analysis are necessary for practical implementation.
    4. Industrialization Goals:
      • The ultimate aim is to guide forthcoming experiments on hydrogen production via biomass ATT processes to realize industrialization of this technology.

    Now, let’s delve into the specifics of the process:

    • Biomass Pyrolysis: Biomass undergoes pyrolysis, a process where organic materials are thermally decomposed in the absence of oxygen. This produces biochar, bio-oil, and syngas.
    • Alkaline Treatment: Alkali is introduced into the pyrolysis process to facilitate the conversion of biomass into gasifiable intermediates. These intermediates can then be further processed to produce hydrogen.
    • Catalytic Conversion: Catalysts are employed to enhance the efficiency of hydrogen production. They facilitate the breakdown of biomass intermediates into hydrogen-rich gases.
    • Carbon Sequestration: The process aims not only to produce hydrogen but also to store carbon in situ, contributing to negative carbon emissions.
    • Process Optimization: Parameters such as temperature, pressure, alkali type, and catalyst choice are optimized to maximize hydrogen yield while minimizing energy consumption and carbon emissions.
    • Scale-Up Considerations: Designing scalable reactors and efficient inlet/outlet methods is crucial for industrial-scale implementation.
    • Economic Viability: Economic assessments are necessary to ensure the cost-effectiveness of the process compared to conventional hydrogen production methods.

    In summary, alkaline thermal treatment of biomass offers a promising pathway to carbon-negative hydrogen production, with the potential to contribute significantly to the transition to a carbon-free society.

    Interestingly, we have some other posts related to this content:

    Hydrogen Production from Biomass-IISc’s Technology: IISc introduces groundbreaking technology for extracting hydrogen from biomass, offering a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative for cleaner energy sources. New Hydrogen Production Technology: Thermo-Photovoltaics, Create H2,O2 & Heat – Solar cell innovation uses thermo-photovoltaics to convert sunlight into heat, splitting water into hydrogen, oxygen, and heat for clean energy. . Iridium Catalysts – for Efficient Green Hydrogen Production: Iridium catalysts offer efficiency in hydrogen production but face cost challenges. Research explores strategies like defect engineering for wider adoption.



    About Narasimhan Santhanam (Narsi)

    Narsi, a Director at EAI, Co-founded one of India's first climate tech consulting firm in 2008.

    Since then, he has assisted over 250 Indian and International firms, across many climate tech domain Solar, Bio-energy, Green hydrogen, E-Mobility, Green Chemicals.

    Narsi works closely with senior and top management corporates and helps then devise strategy and go-to-market plans to benefit from the fast growing Indian Climate tech market.

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