India has finalized two of the eight missions under its National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The missions are on solar energy and energy efficiency.
National Solar Mission includes specific goals for increasing use of solar thermal technologies in urban areas, industry and commercial establishments. It sets a goal of increasing production of photovoltaics to 1000 MW per year, and to deploy at least 1000 MW of solar thermal power generation. It also sets the objective of establishing a solar research centre, increased international collaboration on technology development, strengthening of domestic manufacturing capacity, and increased government funding and international support.
National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency estimates that current initiatives, based on the Energy Conservation Act of 2001, will yield 10 000 MW of savings by 2012. Building on this, the plan recommends mandating specific energy consumption decreases in large energy-using industries. It also highlights the use of incentives, including reduced taxes on energy-efficient appliances. Finally, it recommends financing for public-private partnerships for demand-side management (DSM) programmes that reduce energy consumption in the municipal, buildings and agricultural sectors.
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See also: an interesting emerging cleantech segment – Building Energy Analytics