Zero-Emission Hydrogen Production Plant by Air Liquide - India Renewable Energy Consulting – Solar, Biomass, Wind, Cleantech
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Zero-Emission Hydrogen Production Plant by Air Liquide

Here’s an article in Airliquide that talks about the Ammonia cracking plant of Air Liquide.

According to the article,

  • Air Liquide is building an industrial-scale ammonia cracking pilot plant in Antwerp, Belgium.
  • The technology enables ammonia to hydrogen conversion with an optimized carbon footprint.
  • Ammonia can be produced with a low-carbon footprint from renewable energy sources.
  • The pilot plant is expected to be operational in 2024.
  • The technology allows for the highest possible ammonia to hydrogen conversion yield and zero direct emissions.

Ammonia is an excellent energy carrier, and is a great choice for converting to hydrogen for the following reasons:

Using ammonia as an energy carrier offers several benefits:

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  1. Carbon-Free Energy Carrier: Ammonia can be produced from renewable energy sources, making it a carbon-free alternative to traditional fuels. This property makes it an attractive option for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  2. High Energy Density: Ammonia has a high energy density, which enables efficient energy storage and transportation. This quality is particularly valuable for applications requiring large-scale energy storage or long-distance transportation.
  3. Easier Storage Requirements: Ammonia requires modest pressure and a manageable temperature for storage, making it easier and less costly to transport and handle compared to other energy carriers like hydrogen.
  4. Existing Infrastructure: Ammonia transport and storage infrastructure already exists for fertiliser production, which can be leveraged for the energy sector. This existing infrastructure simplifies integration into existing energy systems and reduces the need for extensive infrastructure modifications.
  5. High Hydrogen Content: Ammonia contains 17.65% hydrogen by weight, making it a suitable medium for hydrogen storage and transportation. This high hydrogen content can be converted into hydrogen for use in fuel cells or combustion processes.
  6. Cost-Effective: Ammonia can be produced cheaply and efficiently, which makes it a cost-effective option for energy storage and transportation.
  7. Long-Term Renewable Energy Storage: Ammonia presents an energy density nine times higher than Li-ion batteries and three times higher than compressed hydrogen, making it a promising means of renewable energy storage. This property addresses the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources like wind and solar.

These benefits make ammonia an attractive option for various applications, including energy storage, transportation, and the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Interestingly, we have some other posts related to this content:

Air Liquide’s Autothermal Reforming Technology Selected for Low-Carbon Hydrogen and Ammonia Production in Japan: Air Liquide’s ATR technology chosen for low-carbon hydrogen and ammonia production in Japan pilot project, facilitated by Air Liquide Engineering & Construction.

About Narasimhan Santhanam (Narsi)

Narsi, a Director at EAI, Co-founded one of India's first climate tech consulting firm in 2008.

Since then, he has assisted over 250 Indian and International firms, across many climate tech domain Solar, Bio-energy, Green hydrogen, E-Mobility, Green Chemicals.

Narsi works closely with senior and top management corporates and helps then devise strategy and go-to-market plans to benefit from the fast growing Indian Climate tech market.


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