India Biomass Gasification Power Production
Keen on setting up biomass power plants? This comprehensive guide will be indispensable to you
Pages : 178 Updated : September 2012
Biomass gasification is emerging as a method of power production that holds significant social and business benefits. This comprehensive report will be an indispensable guide for you to set up a biomass gasification power plant.
- Biomass gasification market status and trends in India
- Types of biomass and their availability in various regions in India
- Supply chain for the various types of biomass
- Economics of power from biomass gasification - capital and operational costs (and break-ups of these costs), levelized cost of power, financial scenario analysis
- Success strategies adopted by power production companies in this sector
- Gasification technology and components
- Updates on the latest in biomass based power in India
- Financing options for biomass gasification based power plants
- Central and state government incentives, feed in tariffs.
This report has been developed by EAI, India's leading renewable energy consulting and business intelligence firm. Founded by professionals from IITs and IIMs, EAI is today considered a critical catalyst and partner for the Indian cleantech industry.
The India Biomass Gasification Report was last updated in September 2012.
- With over 60,000 villages not connected to the grid, distributed renewable power sources is the need of the hour for India; among the renewable power sources, biomass could play an important role owing to its easy availability in rural areas, and biomass gasification an even more important role owing to its ability to operate at very low scales.
- Among the biomass power production routes, combustion and gasification are the two primary routes being used today. Biogass gasification works well for small scale power production, upto a maximum capacity of 2 MW. Combustion, on the other hand, works well at MW scales.
- The gasifier is the key component in a biomass gasification system. There are two main categories of gasifiers fixed bed and fluidized bed. Within fixed bed, there are two types updraft and downdraft gasifiers. The most common gasifier used in India is the downdraft gasifier, which is more suited than others for biomass gasification.
- A wide variety of feedstock can be used in biomass gasifiers, and India is endowed with significant quantities of these feedstocks.
- The key market segments in India for biomass gasification are the small/medium industries, commercial sector and rural communities. Currently, biomass gasification is used by some entities in each of these segments, though the scale of gasifiers and he biomass feedstock used by each, differ.
- One of the critical bottlenecks faced by biomass gasification power plants is the uninterrupted supply of biomass at low prices. This supply chain aspect is by far the most critical determinant of success. As a result, a number of power producers are resorting to long term contracts, choosing the optimal location and sizes for their power plants based on local availability, or are opting for dedicated energy crops for captive consumption and to overcome supply uncertainty.
- The capital cost per MW for a biomass gasification plant is about Rs 5.5 crores, while the operational expenses (excluding the cost of biomass) are about 0.75 Rs per kWh. The levelized cost of power from biomass gasification will be in the range of Rs 2.25-4/kWh, depending mainly on the cost of the biomass.
- Under optimal conditions, biomass gasification based power production presents a good business opportunity with attractive IRRs (over 25%) and payback periods (fewer than 3 years).
- The three main governmental bodies in the context of renewable energy funding are IREDA, Power Finance Corporation and Rural Electrification Corporation. A number of commercial banks, venture capital and private equity firms have also started taking an interest in financing renewable energy projects, and some biomass gasification power plants have already been funded by venture capital firms.
- What are the key technology routes to obtain power from biomass?
- Who are the key Indian vendors, suppliers and technical consultants who can assist in setting up biomass gasification power plants?
- The answers to the most frequently asked questions on biomass gasification questions on technology, operations, biomass supply and costs.
- How do the financial returns in biomass gasification based power production vary for different scenarios?
- What is the current state of biomass gasification based power production in India potential, companies, biomass availability and government incentives?
- The only comprehensive report available for this important segment
- Clearly spells the advantages, costs and the bottlenecks in biomass gasification based power production
- Written with actionable inputs including data on the suppliers of gasifiers, gas engines and turnkey consultants
- Done after extensive primary research and thus contains the insights and perspectives from all the key stakeholders in the market
- Comes with additional research support from EAI
- Entrepreneurs and businesses keen on setting up biomass gasification based power plants
- Organizations and government bodies keen on understanding the potential and actionable steps for biomass gasification
- Business research companies and consultants whose clients are keen on entering this sunrise industry
- Technology consultants and implementation companies keen on supporting companies in setting up biomass gasification based power plants
- Biomass gasification based power production offers a solution for producing off grid green power, by being able to generate power at small scales.
- Owing to its virtues, biomass gasification in India could play a key role in the electrification of rural and remote communities.
- Indian industries could start using biomass gasification for power generation as well as a replacement of more costly heating options such as furnace oil.
- India has an estimated potential of over 30,000 MW of power from biomass, but less than 2500 MW has been exploited. Thus, over 90% of capacity from potential still exists.
Potential for Biomass Gasification Based Power in India
Biomass gasification represents an important form of electricity production using a renewable resource – biomass. Its ability to use waste biomass in the form of crop and mill waste further enhances its attractiveness.
Gasification based power production is an exciting domain for businesses and entrepreneurs in India. This renewable power source provides the benefit of distributed power production such that small communities and remote villages could get access to affordable electricity.
Biomass gasification could use a whole range of crop waste and agriculture waste to produce power. It uses gasifiers in conjunction with gas engines to produce electricity. It can operate at small scales (10-25 kW) as well as medium scale (upto 2 MW). As a result, it presents an interesting opportunity to many small scale and medium scale entrepreneurs and businesses.
While gasification is a fairly old technology, the use of biomass gasifiers for power production has gained currency only in the recent past. India is unique poised to benefit from this trend. Latest estimates suggest that India could have as high as 30,000 MW of power from crop waste alone. Currently, India’s installed capacity for biomass gasification for power production is small but this is expected to change soon.
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Pages : 178
Updated :September 2012
EAI predicts that biomass gasification based power production in India could grow from about 80 MW currently to over 500 MW by 2015.
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Chapter - 1
Indian Power Scenario and the Need for Biomass Power
1.2 Indian Power Production Scenario
1.3 Non-renewable and Renewable Power Generation
1.4 Status of Indian Renewable Power Generation
1.4.1 Total Installed Capacity of Renewable Power Sources
1.4.2 Unique Drivers for Renewable Power in India
1.5 Biomass Based Power
1.5.1 Benefits of Biomass Based Power
1.5.2 Potential for Biomass Power in India
Chapter - 2
Biomass-Based Power Production Technologies
2.2 Primary Routes for Power from Biomass
2.2.3 Anaerobic Digestion
2.3 Comparative Analysis of Biomass Power Generating Technologies
Chapter - 3
Biomass Gasification Technology
3.2 Environmental and Economic Benefits from Biomass Gasification
3.3 Components of a Biomass Gasification System for Power Production
3.4 Types of Gasification and Gasifiers
3.4.1 Fixed Bed Gasifiers
188.8.131.52 Updraft Gasifiers
184.108.40.206 Downdraft Gasifiers
3.4.2 Fluidized Bed Gasifiers
3.4.3 Selection Criteria for Gasifiers
3.4.4 Comparative Study of Available Gasification Technologies
3.4.5 Most Prominent Technology in India
3.5 Limitations of Gasifiers
3.6 Biomass Gasification FAQ
Chapter - 4
Indian Biomass Gasification Scenario
4.2 Feedstocks for Gasification
4.2.1 Biomass Availability in India
4.2.2 Prominent Biomass Used Currently
4.2.3 Feedstock Processing and Transportation
4.3 Status of Biomass Gasification
4.3.1 Current Status of Biomass Gasification in India
4.3.2 Market Segments and Applications
4.3.3 Biomass Gasification Power Production – Bottlenecks and Barriers
4.4 Biomass Gasification Plants in India
4.4.1 Statewise Installation of Biomass Power Plants
4.4.2 List of Installed Biomass Gasification Plants in India
4.5 Case Studies
4.6 Suppliers and Consultants
4.6.1 Indian Gasifier Manufacturers
4.6.2 Gas Engine Manufacturers
4.6.3 Indian Biomass Gasification Consultants
Chapter - 5
Costs and Economics of Biomass Gasification based Power
5.2 Cost of Power Production from Renewable Energy Sources
5.3 Costs of Biomass Gasification Based Power Production
5.3.1 Capital Costs
5.3.2 Operating Costs
5.3.3 Costs of Feedstock
5.3.4 RoI and Payback Periods
5.3.6 Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE)
5.4 Cash Flow Projections
5.4.1 Operational Parameters Considered
5.4.2 Revenues from the Plant
Chapter - 6
Tariffs and Government Incentives
6.2 Feed in Tariffs
6.3 Capital Subsidies and Incentives
6.4 Government Incentives for Biomass Power Projects in General (National Level and State Level)
6.5 Depreciation Benefits
Chapter - 7
Availability of Finance for Renewable Energy Investments
7.2 Sources of Finance
7.2.1 Project Finance
7.2.2 Asset Finance
7.2.3 Corporate Finance
7.2.4 Venture Capital and Private Equity
7.3 Nodal Agencies that Support Renewable Energy Financing in India
7.3.2 Power Finance Corporation Ltd
7.3.3 Lease Finance Scheme
7.3.4 Debt Refinancing Scheme
7.3.5 Asset Acquisition Scheme
7.3.6 Rural Electrification Corporation
7.4 Other Financial Institutions that Fund Renewable Energy Projects in India
7.5 Other Funding & Investment Avenues
7.6 VC / PE Perspectives and Opinions
7.6.1 VC Perspectives
7.6.2 PE Perspectives
7.7 Prominent Investments in Indian Renewable Energy and Clean Technology
7.7.1 Cleantech Funds and Their Investments in India
Chapter - 8
India’s Regulatory Framework for Renewables
8.2 Regulatory Policy Framework
8.3 Regulatory Bodies
Chapter - 9
India Biomass Gasification – Market Updates
9.2 India Biomass Gasification – Market Updates
Appendix - 1
Prominent Agri/Crop Biomass Processing Companies in India
Appendix - 2
Appendix - 3
Power Poverty in Indian Villages
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The EAI team would like to talk to you to understand how we can help you in your biomass gasification efforts.. If you are interested in purchasing the report or getting our help, talk to us now.
Mobile: +91-8489663663 (India)