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EAI Services for Waste to Energy Industry

Every year there is an estimated 30 million tons of solid waste and 4,400 million cubic meters of liquid waste generated in urban areas of India alone. The problems caused by solid and liquid wastes can be significantly mitigated through adoption of environment-friendly waste-to-energy technologies. These technologies hold the promise of reducing quantity of wastes and in addition, generate a substantial quantity of energy from them, and greatly reduce pollution of water and air. In spite of the unquantifiable level of benefits, they are still not seen as an attractive business opportunity. The reason for this is the lack of understanding about the various (technology/process) options available and long term viability of the waste to energy projects.

We at EAI have been researching the waste to energy industry for the past few years and have developed a thorough understanding of the various technology options and their viabilities. Diverse business opportunities along the value chain, the global scenario and the market segment for each of the waste to energy technologies are well known to us and we are poised to provide a balanced opinion about waste to energy industry.

EAI can provide extensive research and consulting assistance for value generation from the following types of waste:

  • Industrial solid waste
  • Municipal solid waste
  • Hazardous waste
  • Industrial liquid waste
  • Sewage and Fecal Waste
  • Agro and crop waste

We can also provide customized inputs for value and energy generation based on the following processes:

  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Pyrolysis
  • Gasification
  • Combustion
  • Fermentation

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EAI Services for the Waste Management Sector

Market and region specific potential analysis and forecasting for waste to energy sector in India.

Feasibility analysis for different process/technology routes

Development of unique business plans to attract sources of finance.
Intelligence on all the current and emerging technology / process routes for waste to energ

Identification of technology transfer / joint venture partners for implementation

Development of differentiated waste to energy business models with highest value to all the stakeholders

Inputs on all the government regulations / incentives and approvals relating to waste management and waste to energy projects

Financial modeling and techno economic valuations to assess the viability of different waste to energy technologies Investment structuring and financing support for waste to energy projects
Intelligence on current incumbents and stakeholders in the Indian waste management and waste to energy projects Leveraging CDM, REC and other benefits to increase the attractiveness of waste to energy projec
Key success factors and bottlenecks that critically influence the waste to energy industry in India.


Market Intelligence

Being a niche segment with plethora of opportunities, there is a need to understand the market scenario before venturing into the sector. EAI offers host of market intelligence service which include:

  • Market potential analysis for waste to energy technologies and key trends in technology adoption.
  • Identification of growth drivers and bottlenecks of various waste to energy technologies
  • Identification of market characteristics (social, regulatory etc)
  • Determination of rates of adoption of various emerging waste to energy technologies and estimation of market potentials of those technologies

Feasibility Analysis

The strategic advisory services for waste to energy sector encompass the following:

  • Determination of the size and characteristics of waste generated and identifying ways to effectively convert this to energy
  • Examination of government policies and incentives designed to ensure the commercial success of waste to energy industry
  • Navigation of the roadblocks to create economically productive, efficient, sustainable method for conversion of waste to energy
  • Identification of the various power consumption/distribution models to propel the commercial success of waste management
  • Identification of technology and/or joint venture partners from India and abroad

Financial Analysis

In a scenario where India is all set to monetize the investment avenues in the waste to energy sector, there is a critical need to provide dedicated advisory services to support the investment decisions. Financial advisory services offered by EAI includes:

  • Comprehensive analysis of costs and returns
  • Development of innovative business models to attract sources of finance
  • Investment structuring and fundraising support for waste to energy projects
  • Financial modeling and valuation to assess viability of different waste to energy technologies
  • Leveraging Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to overcome financial barriers associated with waste to energy projects

Insights and Key Takeaways from Our Assignments

  • The four key routes for waste to energy are Combustion (including incineration), Anaerobic Digestion, Gasification and Pyrolysis. The most common of the four are anaerobic digestion and RDF incineration. Except for combustion, the other three routes also provide useful by-products. It is important to design systems that can make optimal use of these by-products.
  • Plasma arc gasification and Ash melting technology, Thermal decomposition technology for dioxins are the technologies that are expected to emerge in future for energy generation from MSW.
  • As per estimates more than 55 million tons of MSW is generated in India per year and there exists a potential of about 1500 MW of power production from MSW.
  • There are many different types of industrial waste, and each type has characteristics that are distinct from the others. Industrial waste to energy will hence require in-depth study before a decision is made on the most suitable process.
  • There have been relatively few efforts to derive energy from diverse industrial waste, and this could hence be a promising area of exploration for businesses
  • Waste management and waste to value are not just technology or economic issues, their success is also dependent on social, cultural and regulatory factors

Case Studies

EAI has undertaken assignments that did in-depth research and analysis for the biomass sector in India. Details of some of the prominent assignments undertaken are provided below:

Case Study 1:

Helping a Medium Size Indian Corporate Understand the Critical Aspects of the Indian Waste to Energy Landscape

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Case Study 2:

Fecal Waste to Energy for Bill Gates Foundation

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View all Case-studies

Talk to us

Email: consult@eai.in


Call Narsi 7358263274

Our Customers & Clients

EAI's consulting team has been assisting several organizations in a variety of areas of renewable energy.

Client Questions
Answered by EAI

Which tech is optimal for which type of waste feedstock?

Is it possible to use international technologies for waste to energy in India without the need for customizations?

How feasible is to have an integrated waste to energy plant that can convert multiple types of waste with diverse technologies? Are there specific synergies we can have while doing this?

What are the latest technologies in waste to energy?

How can I use the best use of my industrial waste?

Are their specific tech transfer possibilities in the waste to energy landscape?

What is the role of carbon credits in waste to energy? Where is it applicable and where is it not?

What are the areas and associated infrastructural facilities required for different types of W2E facilities?

What are the best methods to treat hazardous waste?

What are the government incentives for R&D efforts in W2E?

What is the status of R&D in W2E in Indian academia and research institutes? Are there any exciting IPs / technology that could be used?

How tech and economically feasible is co-mixing of waste and treating mixed waste?

What are the realistic IRRs and payback periods for the various waste to energy technologies?

How can the segregation and transport/logistics challenges in W2E be overcome?

What are the specific R&D biotech innovations and efforts being carried out worldwide and in India for W2E?

What are the emerging trends in segregation and processing of waste?

How big a business opportunity is non agro waste to energy in India? Is it comparable on scale to agro waste based energy production?

What are the economic feasibilities of the cutting edge gasifiers being projected in the market?


The EAI team has undertaken a number of research and consulting assignments spanning the entire spectrum of renewable energy sources.

See the profiles of our consulting team here http://www.eai.in/ref/team/team.html

Contact Us



EAI - Energy Alternatives India
C/O Clixoo Solutions Private Limited
A5C, Anugraha Apartments,
41, Nungambakkam High road,
Tamilnadu, India.

Case Study 1 - Helping a Medium Size Indian Corporate Understand the Critical Aspects of the Indian Waste to Energy Landscape


EAI was retained to assist a second generation Indian entrepreneur keen on entering the Indian waste to energy sector. The client was keen on an in-depth understanding of the technical and economic feasibility of this sector, with a special emphasis on identifying the most sustainable technology.


  • The EAI team provided clarity to the client on both the technology and processes involved in the conversion of the diverse waste feedstock into energy. These involved all the prominent processes - anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis, incineration and gasification.
  • The EAI team provided the client comprehensive technical and feasibility analyses for the two shortlisted routed - anaerobic digestion and gasification. Special emphasis was laid on providing clarity to the client on the pros and cons of each technology. Our team also provided clear breakdowns of both capital and operational costs to the client for the two shortlisted routes so that the client appreciated the total project cost comprehensively.
  • EAI's service also included assisting in vendor in evaluating cutting edge technical solutions for gasification, such as plasma arc gasification.


Waste to energy is a nascent sector in India. At the same time, the technologies being used for waste to energy worldwide are undergoing significant changes. As a result of these developments, EAI had to follow a dual approach of both primary and secondary research

Primary � We had extensive interactions with the Indian waste to energy companies and technology providers to understand the ground realities for waste to energy in India

Secondary � Our team did in-depth evaluation of the primary and emerging technologies for waste to energy worldwide. This evaluation included significant modeling and computations, especially for the economic feasibility of the various technologies.

Case Study 2 - Fecal Waste to Energy for Bill Gates Foundation


We did a comprehensive study of the Indian waste to energy sector for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (USA), who were looking at funding research organizations and research units in India involved in the waste to energy sector.

The client had approached EAI to develop models for non-sewer sludge treatment that is economically viable and at the same time provides a clear incentive for stakeholders to make the model sustainable. The client was also interested in exploring the tech options including emerging concepts from microbial fuel cells to biodigestion to sustainable and safe methods for composting.

Deliverables: Identifying critical opportunities and strong partners for making a potential grant to support innovative but practical technology research and development activities to convert distributed wastes (fecal and municipal) in Indian cities � especially fecal sludge � into energy.

  • Understand the Indian market for and key actors in fecal sludge management.
  • Exploring the possibilities of using new technologies for converting FS to energy, and identifying research, business, and government leaders in the waste-to-energy sector.
  • Exploring the possibilities of converting mixed organic waste � FS and MSW � into energy and other possible high value products.


This exercise involved our team meeting a wide range of companies, research organizations, academia and industry experts to understand the potential and challenges in deriving energy from sewage waste, municipal solid waste and mixed waste.

We also assisted the Foundation in the preparation of the detailed technical and process document that detailed the diverse pathways for waste to energy in India and the characteristics of each pathway.

Our efforts resulted in the Foundation getting a hands-on experience with this sector. In addition, it resulted in the Foundation identifying and meeting experts and organizations in India who they could consider for funding in future.

Why EAI for Waste to Energy

EAI is one of the few companies in India who have in depth knowledge of the market, technology and business aspects of waste to energy industry across its entire value chain. The EAI Waste Management team has unparalleled experience in and knowledge of all the primary waste to energy routes

Our past work on diverse assignments in waste to energy for global companies such as Pepsi Co., Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation etc., and our current assignments in this field has provided our team with unique perspectives and insights on all the key challenges and bottlenecks in the entire value chain.

Our large network of technical contacts for waste to energy in India and globally will assist our clients get easier access to latest technological solutions.

Our multi-disciplinary team with chemical and biochemical technology professionals, who have many years of acquaintance and understanding of various technological routes for waste to energy, ensures that our recommendations will always come with a seal of scientific approval.

EAI is the only research group in India to have undertaken industry research assignments on the use of latest technologies such as plasma arc gasification for producing power from mixed waste

Our work has provided insights on the unique mechanisms and methodologies to maximize revenue generation from waste to energy power plants

EAI Waste to Energy Consulting Team

The EAI team is one of the few teams that have done extensive work in the waste to energy domain in India. Having done assignments for global leaders such as Pepsi Co and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in the Indian waste to energy sector, our team has a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of all the prominent waste to energy & waste to value technologies and processes.

Overall, the Research & Consulting Team at Energy Alternatives India comprises professionals from reputed universities such as the IITs and IIMs who have considerable experience in and acquaintance with the Indian renewable energy sector.

The EAI team has undertaken a number of research and consulting assignments spanning the entire spectrum of renewable energy sources.See the profiles of our consulting team here http://www.eai.in/ref/team/team.html

The EAI Expertise

The EAI team has a dedicated focus on the Indian alternative and renewable energy industry. This focus, combined with its experienced team of professionals makes EAI an ideal partner to help your company in benefiting from the opportunities in this industry.

  • Expertise :Our team�s expertise in management, industry and scientific aspects of the Indian energy industry will be indispensable for the success of your venture.
  • Understanding :Our team has in-depth understanding of the global trends of the Indian alternative energy and renewable energy industry.
  • Updated :Our team is continuously updated with information on latest investments and business activities in India for all alternative energy domains.
  • Contacts :The EAI team has extensive business contacts across India in all major alternative and renewable energy segments solar, wind and biomass energy

About Us

Our specialized consulting division provides assistance in market research & business intelligence, market potential analysis, strategy consulting, technology vendor/supplier finder, technology & business due diligence, M&A assistance and more for the complete clean energy, environment and sustainability value chain.

We have assisted a range of stakeholders, small businesses/SMEs, startups, large corporations, state and central government, venture capital companies, private equity firms, investment banks, NGOs and more. Send a note to consult@eai.in if you wish to take our consulting help.

Our specialized consulting has benefitted clients all across India and select countries outside:

We has provided consulting & industry research assistance across India, having clients who have benefitted from our consulting or research from the following cities:

Ahmedabad | Amravati | Amritsar | Asansol | Aurangabad | Bangalore (Bengaluru) | Belgaum | Bhavnagar | Bhopal | Bhubaneswar | Bikaner | Chandigarh | Chennai (Madras) | Coimbatore | Cuttack | Dehradun | Delhi | Dhanbad | Durgapur | Faridabad | Firozabad | Gandhinagar | Gangtok | Ghaziabad | Guntur | Gurgaon | Guwahati | Gwalior | Hyderabad | Indore | Jabalpur | Jaipur | Jalandhar | Jalgaon | Jammu | Jamnagar | Jamshedpur | Jodhpur | Kalyan | Kanpur | Kochi (Cochin) | Kolhapur | Kolkata (Calcutta) | Kota | Kozhikode | Lucknow | Ludhiana | Madurai | Mangalore | Meerut | Mumbai (Bombay) | Mysore (Mysuru)| Nagpur | Nashik | Navi Mumbai | Nellore | Noida | Patna | Pimpri & Chinchwad | Pune | Raipur | Rajkot | Ranchi | Salem | Sangli | Solapur | Surat | Thane | Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) | Tiruchirapally (Trichy) | Udaipur | Vadodara (Baroda) | Vijayawada | Vishakapatnam | Warangal

Countries worldwide where we have assisted clients through research reports or consulting

Australia | Austria | Bahrain | Belgium | Brazil | Canada | Chile | China | Croatia | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia | Finland | France | Germany | Hong Kong | Hungary | Greece | Iceland | India | Indonesia | Ireland | Israel | Italy | Japan | Kuwait | Latvia | Lithuania | Luxembourg | Malaysia | Malta | Mexico | Netherlands | New Zealand | Norway | Portugal | Republic of Korea (South Korea) | Russia | Saudi Arabia | Singapore | Slovakia | Slovenia | South Africa | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | Thailand | Tunisia | Turkey | United Kingdom (UK) | United States of America (USA)

Specific Domains We Operate in

Solar Energy

Solar PV- Rooftop Solar | Residential Rooftop Solar | Commercial & Industrial Rooftop Solar | Ground Mounted Solar Farms | Solar Farm Operations & Maintenance | Solar Farm Monitoring & Control | Solar Power Integration with Grid | Offgrid Solar | Solar Water Pumps | Solar Street Lights | Off-grid Solar Homes ||| Solar PV Components - Solar Trackers | Single Axis Solar Trackers | Dual Axis Solar Trackers | Solar Inverters | Solar Power Plant Central Inverter | Solar Power Plant String Inverter | Solar Power Plant Micro-Inverter | Solar PV Mounting Structures | Solar Power Plant Monitoring & Control Systems | Solar PV Wafers | Solar PV Cells | Monocrystalline Solar Cells | Polycrystalline Solar Cells | Thin Film Solar Cells | Bifacial Solar Cells | Solar Modules/Panels | Solar Panel Backsheets | Solar Panel Aluminium Frames | Solar Panel Encapsulants | Building Integrated Solar PV | Solar PV Storage | Concentrating Solar PV |

Solar Thermal - Low-Temperature Solar Thermal | Solar Water Heating | Solar Cooking | Solar Drying | Medium & High Temperature Solar Thermal | Medium Temperature Commercial & Industrial Heating Using Solar Thermal | High Temperature Industrial Heating Using Concentrated Solar Thermal | Concentrating Solar Power | Storage for Concentrating Solar Power | Fresnel Lens based Concentrating Solar Power | Power Tower based Concentrating Solar Power | Parabolic Trough based Concentrating Solar Power | Dish based Concentrating Solar Power | Hybrid Solar Energy | Solar Wind Hybrid | Solar Biomass Hybrid | Solar PV / Thermal Hybrid


Bio-energy for Heating - Combustion-based Biomass Heating | Gasification-based Biomass Heating | Anaerobic Digestion based Biomass Heating

Bio-energy for Power - Combustion-based Biomass Power | Gasification-based Biomass Power | Anaerobic Digestion based Biomass Power | Biomass Combined Heating & Power | CHP Boilers for Biomass | Operations & Maintenance for Biomass-based Energy Plants | Biomass Storage | Biomass Pre-processing | Biomass Ash Management,

Bio-energy for Transportation - Ethanol | First Generation Ethanol | Second Generation Cellulosic Ethanol | Biodiesel | Biodiesel through Transesterification | Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil - HVO | Bio-butanol | Bio-methanol | Bio-CNG | Aviation Biofuels

Other Bio-energy - Biogas | Syngas

Bio-Energy Crops - First Generation Bio-energy Feedstock | Agricultural Waste Feedstock | Dedicated Energy Crops | Perennial Biomass Bio-energy Feedstock | Prominent Biomass Feedstock for Heating & Power | Sawdust for Heating & Power Generation | Rice Husk for Heating & Power Generation | Paddy Straw for Heating & Power Generation | Bagasse for Heating & Power Generation | Julieflora for Heating & Power Generation | Bamboo for Heating & Power Generation

Energy Storage

Electrical Storage - Capacitors | Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage | Chemical Storage | Hydrogen Storage | Fuel Cells

Electrochemical Storage - Battery | Lead Acid Battery | Lithium Ion Battery | Emerging Battery Types | Sodium Sulfur Battery | Solid State Batteries | Battery Management Systems

Mechanical Storage - Pumped Hydro Energy Storage | Flywheel Energy Storage | Compressed Air Energy Storage

Sustainable Transportation

Sustainable Transport - Two Wheelers | Bicycles | Electric Bicycles | Electric Motorbikes | Electric Scooters | Electric Three Wheelers | Sustainable Car Transport | Electric & Hybrid Electric Cars | Battery-based Electric Cars | Hybrid Electric Cars | Plug-in Hybrid Electric Cars | Fuel Cell Electric Cars | Electric Light Commercial Vehicles | Electric Mini Trucks & Vans | Electric Buses | Fuel Cell Buses | Electric Heavy Commercial Vehicles | Electric Trucks | Sustainable Rail Transport | Sustainable Aviation | Fuel Cell Vehicles | Sustainable Transport Infrastructure | EV Charging Infrastructure | DC Charging for Electric Vehicles | AC Charging for Electric Vehicles | Battery Swap Stations for Electric Vehicles | Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure | Sustainable Transport Fuels and Fuel Standards

Sustainable Transport Fuels - Biodiesel | Ethanol | Bio-CNG | Other Biomass-based Liquid Fuels | Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil - HVO

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