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EV Charging Station Growth – India & Global AC & Fast DC Electric Vehicle Charging Trends


Last updated: Feb 2020

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Looking for expert advice on EVs in India? Talk to EAI’s EVNext team for market & strategic inputs. Know more

Wish to know everything about India’s EV market from one place? Check out the India EV Expert Guide, a 900 page comprehensive guide to the Indian EV market. Know more

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Introduction

Interestingly, at the start of 2017, globally there was an EVSE for every 7 Electric cars. Yes, as the chart below shows, for a total electric car population of about 3.1 million, there were about 430,000 EVSEs (normal and fast charging EVSEs together).

While the normal (slow, AC charging) EVSEs were fairly well distributed in terms of country, with China, USA and Japan leading the pack, for fast chargers, it was completely dominated by China which accounted for over 80% of the total 112,000 fast charging outlets! This, despite the fact that China accounted for only about 30% of the total electric cars on the road at that time.

One of the reasons for the Chinese domination of the electric vehicle charging stations (as well as the electric vehicles themselves) could be the real health threats that the Chinese urban population face from air pollution!

IEA analysis

Number of Electric Vehicle Fast charging station World Wide

There were almost an insignificant number of fast charging stations worldwide prior to 2010. By 2013, this had gone up to about 5000, and since then, the fast charging infrastructure has seen an exponential growth, thanks mainly to the Chinese investments in these. The exponential growth of fast charging stations seen in the chart below is typical of the chart one seen in many sectors where China decides to go big!

By 2016 end, the world had over 110,000 DC fast charging stations, about half of that of the normal DC charging stations. Stunningly, between 2015 and 2016 alone, the sector saw an almost 30% increase – as noted again, driven by the Chinese supercharged investments in this sector.

DC fast chgarging station

Whereas in India the growth of EV charging station is in its niche stage. The statistics on the number of EV charging station installed in India are mentioned below:

table 2

Scenario of Fast Charging in India

  • The ratio of public slow charging to fast charging is about 5:1 while the required ratio is 2:1.
  • Tata power has 85 charging points. Plans to setup 300 fast charging stations.
  • EESL has commissioned 300 AC and 170 DC chargers across India
  • Fortum has 62 DC fast chargers in India. The company will install 50 kW CCS/CHAdeMO DC fast public charging stations. in partnership with MG motors.
  • NTPC has installed 57 charging stations and plans to take the number to 400 by 2020 
Phase Location of Delivery Cars to be procured Number of EVs
Phase 1 India (Delhi NCR) AC-001 Charger 250
DC-001 50
Phase 2 As per requirement, anywhere in India AC-001 Charger 2, 750
DC-001 950
Total 4,000

 

Likely Future Market for EV Chargers
  2020-2025 2025-30 2030-35 2035-40 Cumulative potential upto 2050
No of EV Charging stations likely to be set up 1,000 5,000 50,000 3,50,000 4,06,000
Norms of EV Chargers likely to be installed 4 4 6 6  
Total EV Chargers likely to be installed 4,000 20,000 3,00,000 2,100,000 24,24,000
% of AC Slow chargers 90% 80% 80% 70%  
% of DC Fast Chargers likely 10% 20% 20% 30%  
No. of AC slow chargers likely to be installed 600 16,000 2,40,000 1,470,000 17,29,600
No. of DC Fast chargers likely to be installed 400 4,000 60,000 6,30,000 6,94,400

(Source:https://www.innovasjonnorge.no/contentassets/815ebd0568d4490aa91d0b2d5505abe4/india-ev-story.pdf)

==

Looking for expert advice on EVs in India? Talk to EAI’s EVNext team for market & strategic inputs. Know more

Wish to know everything about India’s EV market from one place? Check out the India EV Expert Guide, a 900 page comprehensive guide to the Indian EV market. Know more

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 See also the blog posts:

Comprehensive Inputs on Indian EV Ecosystem

Check out the following sections for comprehensive inputs on Indian EV ecosystem (click on each section for more details)

Author


Narasimhan Santhanam

Thank you for reading this post – hope it was helpful. You can connect with me at narsi@eai.in. My detailed profile here and my LinkedIn profile here

About EAI & EVNext

EVNext, EAI's specialized consulting division, provides assistance in market research, strategy consulting, technology vendor/supplier finder assistance and more for the complete EV value chain - Li-ion & Lead Acid Battery Cells & Battery Packs, BMS, Battery Manufacturing equipment, EV charging station, battery swapping station, Li-ion & Lead Acid battery recycling, and for a range of electric vehicles - e-bikes, electric bicycles, electric scooters, electric motorbikes, electric autos, e-autos, e-rickshaws, electric trucks, electric LCVs, electric buses and more. Send a note to consult@eai.in if you wish to take EVNext assistance for the Indian electric vehicle market.



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