Last updated: Feb 2020 by Narasimhan Santhanam
This post is a part of EV Next’s EV Perspectives.
EV Next, a division of EAI, is a leading market intelligence & strategic consulting firm for the Indian e-mobility sector.
Interestingly, at the start of 2017, globally there was an EVSE for every 7 Electric cars. Yes, as the chart below shows, for a total electric car population of about 3.1 million, there were about 430,000 EVSEs (normal and fast charging EVSEs together).
While the normal (slow, AC charging) EVSEs were fairly well distributed in terms of country, with China, USA and Japan leading the pack, for fast chargers, it was completely dominated by China which accounted for over 80% of the total 112,000 fast charging outlets! This, despite the fact that China accounted for only about 30% of the total electric cars on the road at that time.
One of the reasons for the Chinese domination of the electric vehicle charging stations (as well as the electric vehicles themselves) could be the real health threats that the Chinese urban population face from air pollution!
There were almost an insignificant number of fast charging stations worldwide prior to 2010. By 2013, this had gone up to about 5000, and since then, the fast charging infrastructure has seen an exponential growth, thanks mainly to the Chinese investments in these. The exponential growth of fast charging stations seen in the chart below is typical of the chart one seen in many sectors where China decides to go big!
By 2016 end, the world had over 110,000 DC fast charging stations, about half of that of the normal DC charging stations. Stunningly, between 2015 and 2016 alone, the sector saw an almost 30% increase – as noted again, driven by the Chinese supercharged investments in this sector.
Whereas in India the growth of EV charging station is in its niche stage. The statistics on the number of EV charging station installed in India are mentioned below:
Scenario of Fast Charging in India
- The ratio of public slow charging to fast charging is about 5:1 while the required ratio is 2:1.
- Tata power has 85 charging points. Plans to setup 300 fast charging stations.
- EESL has commissioned 300 AC and 170 DC chargers across India
- Fortum has 62 DC fast chargers in India. The company will install 50 kW CCS/CHAdeMO DC fast public charging stations. in partnership with MG motors.
- NTPC has installed 57 charging stations and plans to take the number to 400 by 2020
|Phase||Location of Delivery||Cars to be Procured||Number of EVS|
|Phase 1||India (Delhi NCR)||AC-001 Charger||250|
|Phase 2||As per requirement, anywhere in India||AC-001 Charger||2, 750|
|Likely Future Markets for EV Chargers|
|2020-2025||2025-30||2030-35||2035-40||Cumulative potential upto 2050|
|No of EV Charging stations likely to be set up||1,000||5,000||50,000||3,50,000||4,06,000|
|Norms of EV Chargers likely to be installed||4||4||6||6|
|Total EV Chargers likely to be installed||4,000||20,000||3,00,000||2,100,000||24,24,000|
|% of AC Slow chargers||90%||80%||80%||70%|
|% of DC Fast Chargers likely||10%||20%||20%||30%|
|No. of AC slow chargers likely to be installed||600||16,000||2,40,000||1,470,000||17,29,600|
|No. of DC Fast chargers likely to be installed||400||4,000||60,000||6,30,000||6,94,400|
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See also the blog posts:
- Components of EV Charging Station – Power Electronics, Charge Controller, Network Controller, Cables
- India EV Charging Stations Stakeholders – Solution Providers, Installers for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
- Cost Components for Setting Up an EV Charging Station – AC, DC Fast Charging – Hardware, Software, Permits…
Comprehensive Inputs on Indian EV Ecosystem
Check out the following sections for comprehensive inputs on Indian EV ecosystem (click on each section for more details)
Categories: E-mobility, Electric Vehicles, EV AC & DC Charging, EV Battery Charging and Swapping
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