Last updated: Feb 2020 by Narasimhan Santhanam
This post is a part of EV Next’s EV Perspectives.
EV Next, a division of EAI, is a leading market intelligence & strategic consulting firm for the Indian e-mobility sector.
Source of the components for electric vehicles is an important factor that determines both the vehicle’s performance and cost. The OEM and component manufacturer are generally connected by partnerships formed on the basis of ease of business and economics.
Key stakeholders in an EV industry include raw material suppliers, suppliers of EV components and charging stations, OEMs, distributors, charging station owners, customers and recyclers.
The major suppliers of key components like motor, battery and onboard charger for top companies like Tesla, Toyota Prius & Nissan Leaf are discussed in detail.
The essential electric parts, including the battery pack, electric motor, on-board charger and universal connector are all homegrown Tesla Motors components, but most of the other parts are flown in from automotive suppliers around the globe including U.S., Europe and Asia. Some of these include
- Brakes – Brembo, Italy
- Electric Power Steering – ZF, Germany
- Power Seat Recliner – Fisher Dynamics, US
- Lithium-ion batteries – Panasonic
In August 2017, Igarashi Motors India Pvt. Ltd agreed to supply motors for Model 3 Electric car.
Igarashi also agreed to supply the following products to Tesla:
- Motors for Tesla X’s falcon doors
- Door lever retractors
- Motors for steering tilt and column adjustment
As of 2018, the following is a list of some of the key suppliers for Tesla’s manufacturing production, along with the components they supply.
- AGC Automotive: Windshields
- Brembo: Brakes
- Fisher Dynamics: Power seats
- Inteva Products: Instrument panel
- Modine Manufacturing Co.: Battery chiller
- Sika: Acoustic dampers
- Stabilus: Liftgate gas spring
- ZF Lenksysteme: Power steering mechanism
Other suppliers include
- ABC Group
- Hitachi Cable America
- Hope Global
- Magna International
- Methode Electronics
- PSM International
- T1 Automotive and
- Zanini Auto Group
Toyota Prius is a hybrid electric automobile launched by Toyota in end 2015. A list of suppliers of major EV components for Toyota Prius is provided below:
- Hitachi Automotive Systems Ltd. – Engine (Air Flow Sensor)
- Denso Corp. – Inverter
- Panasonic – Lithium ion Battery
- KYB – Rear Shock Absorber
- JTEKT Corp. – Electric power steering column
- Asahi Glass Co. Ltd. – Windshield
- Yazaki Corp. – High-voltage wiring harness (compressor ~ PCU)
Nissan launched its second generation electric vehicle “Nissan Leaf” in 2017. A list of suppliers of major EV components for Nissan’s new model is provided.
- Battery Cell & Battery Pack – AESC
- Battery Management System – Calsonic Kansei
- Power Electronics – Calsonic Kansei/Denso
- Motor – Manufactured in-house
- Transmission (Single Speed) – Aichi
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Please refer to the below links to know
- Cost Components for Setting Up an EV Charging Station – AC, DC Fast Charging – Hardware, Software, Permits…
- Indian Companies Investing in Electric Vehicles – Hero, TVS, Mahindra, Ashok Leyland, Tata, Hyundai, Goldstone, Honda, Maruti, HSW, JBM, Force
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