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Potential for Biomass Power in India

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As India has a large amount of biomass, there is a high biomass potential in India. The table below provides an estimate of the current biomass potential in India.

 

 

 Estimate of Current Biomass Potential in India (2010)

 

Biomass Type

Potential (MWe)

Percentage

Agro potential

18728

  54

Livestock

   9332

  27

Fruits

     660

    2

Vegetables

   1220

    3

Industrial Wastes

   1470

    4

Subtotal

31410

  90

Urban Wastes

MSW

  3190

    9

MLW

    361

    1

Subtotal

  3551

  10

Grand Total

34961

100

 

 Total Amount of Energy Crops or Waste Biomass Available in Various States

 

State

Area (KHa)

Crop Productivity
 (million T/ yr)

Biomass Generation
(million T/ yr)

Biomass Surplus
 (million T/yr)

Power (Mw)

Andhra Pradesh

 2,540.20

3.23

8.30

1.17

150.20

Assam

2,633.10

6.08

6.90

1.40

165.50

Bihar

5,833.10

13.82

20.44

4.29

530.30

Chhattisgarh

3,815.50

6.14

10.12

1.91

220.90

Goa

156.30

0.55

0.83

0.13

15.60

Gujarat

6,512.90

20.63

24.16

7.51

1,014.10

Haryana

4,890.20

13.52

26.16

9.80

1,261.00

Himachal Pradesh

710.30

1.33

2.67

0.99

128.00

Jammu

368.70

0.65

1.20

0.24

31.80

Jharkhand

1,299.80

1.51

2.19

0.57

66.80

Karnataka

7,277.30

38.64

23.77

6.40

843.40

Kerala

2,041.70

9.75

9.42

5.70

762.30

Madhya Pradesh 

9,937.00

14.17

26.50

8.03

1,065.40

Maharashtra

15,278.00

51.34

36.80

11.80

1,585.00

Manipur

72.60

0.16

0.32

0.03

4.10

Meghalaya

0.80

0.01

0.04

0.01

1.10

Nagaland

27.10

0.09

0.15

0.03

3.10

Orissa

2,436.60

3.63

5.35

1.16

147.30

Punjab

6,693.50

27.81

46.34

21.27

2,674.60

Rajasthan

12,537.50

93.65

204.89

35.53

4,595.00

Tamil Nadu 

2,454.00

24.54

15.98

6.66

863.70

 U.P

12,628.20

46.80

50.42

11.73

1,477.90

Uttaranchal

66.40

0.14

0.16

0.05

6.60

 West Bengal

5,575.60

21.06

23.32

2.96

368.30

 

105,786.4

399.25

546.41

139.35

17,982.0

 

Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra and Haryana are states with high biomass potential. Together, they comprise close to 50% of the total estimated potential for biomass in India.

Future Potential of Power Generation from Biomass in India

Biomass Type

Realistic

Optimistic

Pessimistic

 

10-13

14-20

Beyond 2020

10-13

14-20

Beyond 2020

10-13

14-20

Beyond 2020

Agro potential

19295

20687

21743

21680

30506

    38934

18172

16937

     16107

Live stock

  9332

  9767

10470

18183

19126

    20639

  6994

  7356

       7938

Fruits

    738

    963

1165

    764

  1084

      1392

    498

    570

          627

Vegetables

  1292

  1481

1633

  1416

  2008

      2578

    896

    960

       1008

Industrial Wastes

  1679

  2289

2857

  1878

  2918

      3998

  1472

  1722

       1926

Subtotal

32337

35188

7868

43921

55642

    67541

28032

27545

     27606

Urban Wastes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MSW

  3992

  6773

9781

  4277

  7818

    12029

  3204

  4181

       5057

MLW

    397

    492

574

    442

    622

         794

    362

    404

         436

Subtotal

  4389

  7225

10355

  4719

  8440

    12823

  3566

  4585

       5493

Grand Total

36725

42413

48223

48640

64082

    80364

31598

32129

     33099

Note: All Numbers in Mega Watts

 

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