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India Natural Gas

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India had 38 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proven natural gas reserves as of January 2007.The total gas production in India was about 31,400 mcm in 2002-03 compared with 2,358 mcm in 1980-81. At this production level, India's reserves are likely to last for around 29 years; that is significantly longer than the 19 years estimated for oil reserves. Almost 70% of Indias natural gas reserves are found in the Bombay High basin and in Gujarat. Offshore gas reserves are also located in Andhra Pradesh coast (Krishna Godavari Basin) and Tamil Nadu coast (Cauvery Basin). Onshore reserves are located in Gujarat and the North Eastern states (Assam and Tripura). (Here's a nice article on India's natural gas status) 


Dry natural gas production & consumption (2003) - 0.96 tcf (consumption equalled production in 2003)

Click here to view more data on historical capacity & consumption data
Click here to view potential locations

Current Energy Production[i]

16,385.61 MW

Major Gas Based Projects[ii]

Project State Commissioned Capacity (MW)
RGPPL, AnjanvelMaharashtra1480
DadriUttar Pradesh817
AuraiyaUttar Pradesh652
Vemagiri Power Generation Ltd.Andhra Pradesh388.5
Rajiv Gandhi CCPP KayamkulamKerala350

Problems with Natural Gas

  • Not a renewable source of energy.
  • India has only limited reserves of natural gas, though further discoveries are being made from recent explorations
  • Owing to the high percentage of methane in natural gas, it is highly combustible
  • The process of extraction of natural gas involves making large cavities in the ground. Natural gas requires highly complex treatment plants and pipelines for its delivery.
  • Natural gas occupies four times the space of a gasoline-equivalent energy.


LNG is a clear, colourless, non-toxic liquid that can be transported and stored more easily than natural gas because it occupies up to 600 times less space.

When LNG reaches its destination, it is returned to a gas at regasification facilities. It is then piped to homes, businesses and industries.[iii]

 LNG Terminals

LNG Terminal Capacity (MMTPA)
Dahej Exp5
Shell Hazira2.5

India LNG Imports[iv] 

Consumption Trends


Potential Supply and Demand[vi] 

India Natural Gas Sector



Compressed Natural Gas, or CNG, is quite simply gas that has been compressed such that it can be transported in pressure vessels rather than by pipeline as is the traditional method. CNG is generally used to fuel transit and fleet vehicles in large cities, as well as in a limited number of personal Natural Gas Vehicles (NGVs).

India CNG Scenario

In India CNG is primarily used as an alternative fuel for transportation.

The Table Summarizes the LNG activities in India in terms of stations, growth in vehicles etc.[viii]


 Oil & Natural gas companies

Reliance The Reliance Group was founded by Dhirubhai H. Ambani (1932-2002). The group's annual revenues are in excess of US$ 34 billion. The flagship company, Reliance Industries Limited, is a Fortune Global 500 company and is the largest private sector company in India.
The Company's operations can be classified into four segments namely:

  • Petroleum Refining and Marketing business
  • Petrochemicals business
  • Oil and Gas Exploration & Production business
  • Others

Cairn Energy Cairn is an Edinburgh-based oil and gas exploration and production company listed on the London Stock Exchange since 1988. There are two arms to the business: Cairn IndiaIndia is an autonomous business listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India and has interests in a total of 14 blocks in India and Sri Lanka. and Capricorn. Cairn 

Oil India Limited Oil India Limited (OIL) is a premier National oil company, engaged in the business of exploration, production and transportation of crude oil and natural gas. Oil India Limited is a "Schedule A" company under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India. 

Indian Oil Corporation Limited Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. 18th largest petroleum company in the world and has a current turnover of Rs. 247,479 crore (US $59.22 billion), and profit of Rs. 6963 crore (US $ 1.67 billion) for fiscal 2007. The IndianOil Group of companies owns and operates 10 of India's 19 refineries with a combined refining capacity of 60.2 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA, .i.e. 1.2 million barrels per day). These include two refineries of subsidiary Chennai Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (CPCL) and one of Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (BRPL).

ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. (ONGC) is engaged in E&P activities both in Onshore and Offshore. The Corporation is now venturing out to new areas i.e. deepwater exploration and drilling, exploration in frontier basins, marginal field development, optimization of field development plan field recovery and other allied areas of service sector. 

HPCL HPCL is a Fortune 500 company, with an annual turnover of over Rs 1,03,837 Crores ($ 25,142 Millions) during FY 2007-08, 16% Refining & Marketing share in India and a strong market infrastructure. Corresponding figures for FY 2006-07 are: Rs 91,448 crores ($20,892 Million). The Corporation operates 2 major refineries producing a wide variety of petroleum fuels & specialties, one in Mumbai5.5 MMTPA capacity and the other in Vishakapatnam, (East Coast) with a capacity of 7.5 MMTPA. (West Coast) of 

Engineers India Limited Engineers India Limited was established in 1965 to provide engineering and related technical services for petroleum refineries and other industrial projects. In addition to petroleum refineries, with which EIL started initially, it has diversified into and excelled in other fields such as pipelines, petrochemicals, oil and gas processing, offshore structures and platforms, fertilizers, metallurgy and power. EIL now provides a range of project services in these fields and has emerged as Asia's leading design and engineering Company. 

BPCL Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited engages in refining, storing, marketing, and distributing petroleum products in India. It also involves in the exploration and production of hydrocarbons. The company offers various products, including liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), naphtha, motor spirit, special boiling point spirit/hexane, benzene, toluene, polypropylene feedstock and more. 

GAIL (India) Limited GAIL (India) Limited operates as a natural gas company in India and internationally. The company involves in the exploration, production, processing, transmission, distribution, and marketing of natural gas. It also offers LPG and other liquid hydrocarbons, and petrochemicals. The company owns approximately 5,800 kilometers of natural gas high pressure trunk pipeline. 

Premier Oil Premier Oil plc engages in the exploration, development, and production of oil and gas properties. It has oil and gas producing interests principally in Asia, Middle East and Pakistan, the North Sea, and west Africa. As of December 31, 2006, the company had proved plus probable reserves of 722 billion cubic feet of gas and 152.1 million barrels of oil equivalents of oil. 

Adani Group Adani Group has forayed into the Oil & Gas sector and has been awarded two oil & gas blocks in Gujarat and AssamGujarat and another block with an area of 95 sq. kms. is situated in Assam. under the recently concluded NELP VI and also plans to participate in the upcoming NELP VII bids and is actively looking at oil and gas blocks overseas. One Block with an area of 75 sq. kms is situated in Cambay, 

Simon Carves In Simon Carves as a part of its offshore development, projects have been carried out in India and Indonesia in providing oil and natural gas development facilities. In gas processing they have carried out projects in Singapore, Indonesia and India in providing natural gas processing facilities and gas field developments. A key part of many of these projects is the provision of pipeline and tanks where in conjunction with Punj Lloyd they have considerable expertise in the design and construction of these facilities in often very difficult environments. 

Petronet LNG Limited Petronet LNG Ltd, one of the fast growing companies in the Indian energy sector, has set up the country's s first LNG receiving and regasification terminal at Dahej , Gujarat, and is in the process of building another terminal at Kochi, Kerala. The Dahej terminal has a nominal capacity of 5 million metric tones per annum (MMTPA) [equivalent to 20 million standard cubic meters per day (MMSCMD) of natural gas], the Kochi terminal will have a capacity of 2.5 MMTPA (equivalent to 10 MMSCMD of natural gas) 

Oil & Natural gas research centres

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
The research areas of TERI in ONG include:
Connecting additional washing units to 30 MLD CETP at Bithuja in district Barmer, Rajastahan

Gujarat Energy Research & Management Institute (GERMI)
GERMI is promoted by Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (A Govt. of Gujarat Undertaking). GSPC is a fully integrated energy company having a presence in various operations like exploration & production, transportation of gas, and power generation, IT services. It is one of the fastest growing state owned companies and has excellent support from Gujarat Govt. as well as from Central Govt. GERMI has already established a specialized technology & management institute focusing on the Oil & Gas Sector and is actively pursuing initiatives in the areas of research and alternative energy resources.

Petroleum Conservation Research Association
PCRA invites and sponsors research and development projects on prestigious research institution, technical institutions, CSIR Laboratories etc. primarily aimed at petroleum conservation and environmental protection through development of fuel efficient technologies, processes, equipment's, appliances etc. in different sectors of economy viz. industrial, transport, agriculture and domestic. On successful completion of R & D projects, PCRA helps in commercializing the technologies, processes, equipment's, appliances etc. through technology transfer to interested entrepreneurs.

Apex bodies

Association of Oil & Gas Operators
Mahindra Lifespaces
70 Nehru Place
New Delhi 110 019.
Tel +91-11-66619225 Fax +91-11-66619325

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Dehradun
National Informatics Centre (NIC)
Dehradun District Unit
Ministry Of Communication & Information Technology, Govt.Of India
Room No:18, Collectorate, Dehradun (Uttaranchal)-248001




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