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In the Asian-Pacific region, currently India is the fourth largest consumer of petroleum products. The estimated refining capacity and crude requirement by the year 2025 will be in the range of 355-360 MMT. Implementing additional refining capacity depends on the growth of economy and consumption of petroleum products.

This section provides status and trends on India’s oil energy.

Oil: Consumption, million tonnes, as of end of 2004 

Country Energy consumed
India 119.3
US 937.6
UK 80.8
France 94
Canada 99.6
China 308.6
Italy 89.5
Japan 241.5

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Oil Production as of 2007 was 880,000 barrels per day, of which 79% was crude oil.

India oil reserves[ii]

India’s oil reserves are estimated at 5.6 billion barrels.

Major Refineries 

Plant Location/Production (Barrels/Day)    
Reliance Petroleum Jamnagar (660,000)    
IOC Koyali (185,100) Mathura (156,000) Panipat (120,000)
Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd Mangalore (180,000)    
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Vishakapatnam (164,250) Mahul (132,000).  
Kochi Refineries Ltd Ambalamugal (152,000)    
Chennai Petroleum Corporation Madras (130,660)    
Bharat Petroleum Company Ltd Mahul (120,000)    

*Data for 2007

Problems with Oil Dependence for India:

  • Limited supply as a non-renewable resource
  • Produces carbon dioxide when burned
  • Rising fuel costs lead to increased import bills.
  • Many of the countries where oil can be found are politically unstable - around 70% of the world’s oil reserves are believed to be located in the Middle East. Developed nations with an oil-dependency have a vested interest in such countries and may seek to influence the politics of such countries to their own advantage.

Oil & Natural gas companies 


The Reliance Group was founded by Dhirubhai H. Ambani (1932-2002). The group's annual revenues are in excess of US$ 34 billion. The flagship company, Reliance Industries Limited, is a Fortune Global 500 company and is the largest private sector company in India.
The Company's operations can be classified into four segments namely:

  • Petroleum Refining and Marketing business
  • Petrochemicals business
  • Oil and Gas Exploration & Production business
  • Others

Cairn Energy

Cairn is an Edinburgh-based oil and gas exploration and production company listed on the London Stock Exchange since 1988. There are two arms to the business: Cairn India. India is an autonomous business listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India and has interests in a total of 14 blocks in India and Sri Lanka and Capricorn.

Oil India Limited

Oil India Limited (OIL) is a premier National oil company, engaged in the business of exploration, production and transportation of crude oil and natural gas. Oil India Limited is a "Schedule A" company under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India.

Indian Oil Corporation Limited

Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. 18th largest petroleum company in the world and has a current turnover of Rs. 247,479 crore (US $59.22 billion), and profit of Rs. 6963 crore (US $ 1.67 billion) for fiscal 2007. The IndianOil Group of companies owns and operates 10 of India's 19 refineries with a combined refining capacity of 60.2 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA, .i.e. 1.2 million barrels per day). These include two refineries of subsidiary Chennai Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (CPCL) and one of Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (BRPL).


Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. (ONGC) is engaged in E&P activities both in Onshore and Offshore. The Corporation is now venturing out to new areas i.e. deepwater exploration and drilling, exploration in frontier basins, marginal field development, optimization of field development plan field recovery and other allied areas of service sector.


HPCL is a Fortune 500 company, with an annual turnover of over Rs 1,03,837 Crores ($ 25,142 Millions) during FY 2007-08, 16% Refining & Marketing share in India and a strong market infrastructure. Corresponding figures for FY 2006-07 are: Rs 91,448 crores ($20,892 Million). The Corporation operates 2 major refineries producing a wide variety of petroleum fuels & specialties, one in Mumbai5.5 MMTPA capacity and the other in Vishakapatnam, (East Coast) with a capacity of 7.5 MMTPA.

Engineers India Limited

Engineers India Limited was established in 1965 to provide engineering and related technical services for petroleum refineries and other industrial projects. In addition to petroleum refineries, with which EIL started initially, it has diversified into and excelled in other fields such as pipelines, petrochemicals, oil and gas processing, offshore structures and platforms, fertilizers, metallurgy and power. EIL now provides a range of project services in these fields and has emerged as Asia's leading design and engineering Company.


Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited engages in refining, storing, marketing, and distributing petroleum products in India. It also involves in the exploration and production of hydrocarbons. The company offers various products, including liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), naphtha, motor spirit, special boiling point spirit/hexane, benzene, toluene, polypropylene feedstock and more.

GAIL (India) Limited

GAIL (India) Limited operates as a natural gas company in India and internationally. The company involves in the exploration, production, processing, transmission, distribution, and marketing of natural gas. It also offers LPG and other liquid hydrocarbons, and petrochemicals. The company owns approximately 5,800 kilometers of natural gas high pressure trunk pipeline.

Premier Oil

Premier Oil plc engages in the exploration, development, and production of oil and gas properties. It has oil and gas producing interests principally in Asia, Middle East and Pakistan, the North Sea, and west Africa. As of December 31, 2006, the company had proved plus probable reserves of 722 billion cubic feet of gas and 152.1 million barrels of oil equivalents of oil.

Adani Group

Adani Group has forayed into the Oil & Gas sector and has been awarded two oil & gas blocks in Gujarat and AssamGujarat and another block with an area of 95 sq. kms. is situated in Assam. under the recently concluded NELP VI and also plans to participate in the upcoming NELP VII bids and is actively looking at oil and gas blocks overseas. One Block with an area of 75 sq. kms is situated in Cambay,

Simon Carves

In Simon Carves as a part of its offshore development, projects have been carried out in India and Indonesia in providing oil and natural gas development facilities. In gas processing they have carried out projects in Singapore, Indonesia and India in providing natural gas processing facilities and gas field developments. A key part of many of these projects is the provision of pipeline and tankages, where in conjunction with Punj Lloyd they have considerable expertise in the design and construction of these facilities in often very difficult environments.

Petronet LNG Limited

Petronet LNG Ltd, one of the fast growing companies in the Indian energy sector, has set up the country's s first LNG receiving and regasification terminal at Dahej , Gujarat, and is in the process of building another terminal at Kochi, Kerala. The Dahej terminal has a nominal capacity of 5 million metric tones per annum (MMTPA) [equivalent to 20 million standard cubic meters per day (MMSCMD) of natural gas], the Kochi terminal will have a capacity of 2.5 MMTPA (equivalent to 10 MMSCMD of natural gas)

Oil & Natural gas research centres

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) The research areas of TERI in ONG include:
Connecting additional washing units to 30 MLD CETP at Bithuja in district Barmer, Rajastahan

Gujarat Energy Research & Management Institute (GERMI) GERMI is promoted by Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (A Govt. of Gujarat Undertaking). GSPC is a fully integrated energy company having a presence in various operations like exploration & production, transportation of gas, and power generation, IT services. It is one of the fastest growing state owned companies and has excellent support from Gujarat Govt. as well as from Central Govt. GERMI has already established a specialised technology & management institute focusing on the Oil & Gas Sector and is actively pursuing initiatives in the areas of research and alternative energy resources.

Petroleum Conservation Research Association PCRA invites and sponsors research and development projects on prestigious research institution, technical institutions; CSIR Laboratories etc. primarily aimed at petroleum conservation and environmental protection through development of fuel efficient technologies, processes, equipment's, appliances etc. in different sectors of economy viz. industrial, transport, agriculture and domestic. On successful completion of R & D projects, PCRA helps in commercializing the technologies, processes, equipment's, appliances etc. through technology transfer to interested entrepreneurs.

Apex bodies

Oil Technologists' Association of India
C/O Harcourt Butler Technological Institute (HBTI)
Nawab Ganj, Kanpur - 208 002. India
Ph.No.: 91-512-2581111; 2563357; 2533967 Fax No.: 91-512-2583418

Association of Oil & Gas Operators
Mahindra Lifespaces
70 Nehru Place
New Delhi 110 019.
Tel +91-11-66619225 Fax +91-11-66619325

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Dehradun
National Informatics Centre (NIC)
Dehradun District Unit
Ministry Of Communication & Information Technology, Govt.Of India
Room No:18, Collectorate, Dehradun (Uttaranchal)-248001